FACTOID # 13: New York has America's lowest percentage of residents who are veterans.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union
Soviet Young Pioneer (right) with her friend from Poland (left) in Artek. Note that the Polish friend wears the Krzyż Harcerski of the Związek Harcerstwa Polskiego.
Soviet Young Pioneer (right) with her friend from Poland (left) in Artek. Note that the Polish friend wears the Krzyż Harcerski of the Związek Harcerstwa Polskiego.

Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union (Russian: Всесою́зная пионе́рская организа́ция и́мени В.И.Ле́нина), was a mass youth organization of the USSR for children of age 10-15, that existed in the Soviet Union between 1922 and 1990. Download high resolution version (500x678, 62 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (500x678, 62 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The word Artek has several meanings: Its the commonly used name for Arctic Technology Centre, established in late summer 2000 to teach and provide in-service training for Greenlandic and Danish students and businessmen in Arctic technology. ... The Krzyż harcerski (Polish for The Scouting Cross) is the symbol of the Polish Scouting awarded to all Scouts, Senior Scouts and Rangers. ... Lily emblem of the ZHP ZwiÄ…zek Harcerstwa Polskiego (Polish Scouting and Guiding Association, ZHP) is the Polish Scouting organization recognized by the World Organization of the Scout Movement. ... A youth organization is a formal organization aimed at children and adolescents for education and socialization. ...

Contents


History

50 years, Stamp, 1972
Enlarge
50 years, Stamp, 1972

After the October Revolution of 1917, some Scouts took the Bolsheviks' side, which would later lead to the establishment of ideologically-altered Scoutlike organizations, such as “ЮК” (Юные Коммунисты, or young communists; pronounced as yuk) and others. Download high resolution version (1975x1391, 747 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1975x1391, 747 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The October Revolution, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution, was the second phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917, the first having been instigated by the events around the February Revolution. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Membership badge of Russian Association of Scouts/Navigators The Russian Association of Scouts/Navigators (RAS/N; also Российская Ассоциация Навигаторов/Скаутов, РAН/С) is the national Scouting federation of Russia, with a membership of 14,000, and became a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) in 2004. ... Bolshevik Party Meeting. ...


During the Russian Civil War from 1918 to 1920, most of the Scoutmasters and many Scouts fought in the ranks of the White Army and interventionists against the Red Army. The Russian Civil War was fought from 1918 to 1922. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... A Scoutmaster is the adult leader of a Troop in Boy Scouts. ... White army may refer to: The military arm of the White movement, a loose coalition of anti-Bolshevik forces in the Russian Civil War The Saudi Arabian National Guard The National Guard of Kuwait This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... A planned economy is an economic system in which economic decisions are made by centralized planners, who determine what sorts of goods and services to produce, and how they are to be priced and allocated. ... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ...


Those Scouts who did not wish to accept the new Soviet system either left Russia for good (like Pantyukhov and others) or went underground. It has been suggested that Section (Scouting) be merged into this article or section. ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Socialist republics/ Communist state Area  - Total  - % water 1st before collapse 22,402,200 km² Approx. ...


However, clandestine Scouting did not last long. Komsomol persistently fought with the remnants of the Scout movement. Between 1918 and 1920, the second, third, and fourth All-Russian Congresses of the Russian Union of the Communist Youth (Российский коммунистический союз молодёжи, or Rossiyski kommunisticheskiy soyuz molodyozhi) decided to eradicate the Scout movement and create an organization of the communist type, that would take Soviet youth under its umbrella. Clandestine is an adjective meaning that its reference is something secret or guerrilla in nature. ... It has been suggested that Section (Scouting) be merged into this article or section. ... Komsomol (Комсомол) is a syllabic abbreviation word, from the Russian Kommunisticheski Soyuz Molodiozhi (Коммунистический союз молодёжи), or Communist Union of Youth. The organisation served as the youth wing of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union ( CPSU), the youngest members being fourteen years old, the upper limit for an age...


Nadezhda Krupskaya (Vladimir Lenin's wife) was one of the chief contributors to the cause of the Pioneer movement. In 1922, she wrote an essay called “Russian Union of the Communist Youth and boy-Scoutism”, which fully renounced the values of the original Scout movement and advertised a communist approach to teenagers. Despite the ideological coloring, sports, games, tourism, and surviving skills played a significant role in the upbringing of the Pioneers. Nadezhda Krupskaya Nadezhda K. Krupskaya ( February 26, 1869 - February 27, 1939) was a Russian Marxist revolutionary. ... Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (Russian: Влади́мир Ильи́ч Ле́нин (help· info)), original surname Ulyanov (Улья́нов) (April 22 [O.S. April 10] 1870 – January 21, 1924), was a Communist revolutionary of Russia, the leader of the Bolshevik party, the first Premier of the Soviet Union, and the main theorist of Leninism, which he described as an adaptation... A Young Pioneer camp in the Soviet Union A pioneer movement is an organization for children operated by a communist party. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Pioneer may refer to: Woodsman, one who makes his living in the wilderness through trapping, hunting, logging, and/or prospecting Settler, one who has travelled from his or her homeland by choice to live in a new land or colony Mormon Pioneer, a members of the Church of Jesus Christ...


On May 19, 1922 the second All-Russian Komsomol Conference decided to create pioneer units all over the country. This day is considered the birthday of the All-Soviet Pioneer Organization (Всесоюзная пионерская организация, or Vsesoyuznaya pionerskaya organizatsiya), named after Vladimir Lenin. By the middle of 1923 it had 75 thousand members. Among other activities, Young Pioneer units, helped by Komsomol, played a great role in the abolition of illiteracy (Likbez policy) since 1923. Membership was at 161 thousand in the beginning of 1924, 2 million in 1926, 13.9 million in 1940, and 25 million in 1974. May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Komsomol (Комсомол) is a syllabic abbreviation word, from the Russian Kommunisticheski Soyuz Molodiozhi (Коммунистический союз молодёжи), or Communist Union of Youth. The organisation served as the youth wing of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union ( CPSU), the youngest members being fourteen years old, the upper limit for an age... Likbez (Russian: ликбе́з = ликвида́ция безгра́мотности) was a campaign of eradication of illiteracy in Soviet Russia in 1920s and 1930s. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Structure

Its main grouping of members until 1942 was the "Young Pioneer detachment," which then typically consisted of children belonging to the same secondary school. From 1942 to October 1990 (when the organization was broken up) the "detachment" was made up of children belonging to the same class within a school, while a school was refered to as a "Young Pioneer group."


There was also an age-scale structure: children of 10-11 years were called Young Pioneers of the first stage; 11-12 years were Young Pioneers of the second stage; 13-15 years were Young Pioneers of the third stage. Young Pioneers of 15 years could join Komsomol, with a recommendation from their Young Pioneer group. Komsomol (Комсомол) is a syllabic abbreviation word, from the Russian Kommunisticheski Soyuz Molodiozhi (Коммунистический союз молодёжи), or Communist Union of Youth. The organisation served as the youth wing of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union ( CPSU), the youngest members being fourteen years old, the upper limit for an age...


The main governing body was the Central Soviet of the Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union, which worked under leadership of the main governing body of Komsomol. Its official newspaper was Pionerskaya Pravda. Komsomol (Комсомол) is a syllabic abbreviation word, from the Russian Kommunisticheski Soyuz Molodiozhi (Коммунистический союз молодёжи), or Communist Union of Youth. The organisation served as the youth wing of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union ( CPSU), the youngest members being fourteen years old, the upper limit for an age... Pionerskaya Pravda (Пионе́рская Пра́вда) is an all-Russian newspaper. ...


Main goals and requirements of membership

The main goals and duties of Young Pioneers and requirements of membership were specified by the Regulations of the Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union; by the Solemn Promise (given by each Young Pioneer joining the organization); by the Rules of the Young Pioneers; by the motto.


Although membership was theoretically optional, almost all the children in the Soviet Union belonged to the organization; it was a natural part of growing up.


Symbols, attributes, rituals and traditions

Member pin
Member pin

The main symbols of Young Pioneers were the red banner, flag, Young Pioneer's red tie, the badge. Attributes: the bugle, the drum, the uniform (with badges of rank). Some of rituals were: salute, Young Pioneer parade, banner bearing, raising of the flag. Most common traditions were the Young Pioneers rally (usually round a bonfire) and festivals. Download high resolution version (1200x1300, 332 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1200x1300, 332 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The word bugle has two different meanings: A brass musical instrument, seeBugle (instrument) An often cultivated lamiaceae, Bugle (plant) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ...


Songs

Young Pioneer songs were usually sung at various Young Pioneer meetings, in Young Pioneer camps and at schools. One of the earliest and the most popular song was the Young Pioneer March. It was written in 1922 by Aleksandr Zharov (music by Sergei Dyoshkin) and was sometimes called The Anthem of Young Pioneers. There were a great many of other songs, here are some very popular ones: Young Pioneer camp was the name for the rest place of Young Pioneers, in the 20th century they existed in many Socialist countries. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

  • Song About The First Young Pioneer Detachment (music by A.Dolukhanian, lyrics by S.Runge)
  • Our Land (Dmitry Kabalevsky, A.Prishelets)
  • Gaidar Is Marching First (A.Pakhmutova, N.Dobronravov)
  • The Eaglet (V.Bely, Ya. Shvedov)
  • The Little Joyful Drummer (L.Shvarts, Bulat Okudzhava)
  • March Of Young Pioneer Groups (N.Gubar'kov, G. Khodosov)
  • May There Always Be Sunshine (A.Ostrovsky, L.Oshanin)

Dmitri Borisovich Kabalevsky (Russian Дмитрий Борисович Кабалевский) (1904 -1987) was a Soviet composer. ... Russian bard Bulat Okudjava Bulat Okudjava Bulat Shalvovich Okudzhava (or Boulat Okudjava/Okoudjava/Okoudzhava; Russian: ) (May 9, 1924 - June 12, 1997) was one of the founders of the Russian genre called authors song (авторская песня, avtorskaya pesnya). ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...

Awards

The Young Pioneers who excelled in academic study, work, sports or social activity were elected to the self-governing institutions, were sent as delegates to the Young Pioneers gatherings (including All-Union ones). The most notable were recognized in organization's Book of Honor. During World War II, many Young Pioneers fought against Nazis in partisan detachments, which existed near their homes on the territories occupied by Nazi Germany. Nearly 30 thousand of them were awarded various orders and medals; 4 Young Pioneers became Heroes of the Soviet Union. Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths {{{notes}}} World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a military conflict that took place between 1939 and 1945. ... Look up Partisan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Partisan may refer to: An adherent to a political party or political faction; especially, having the character of blind, passionate, or unreasonable adherence to a party; as, blinded by partisan zeal. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Hero of the Soviet Union (Russian: Геро́й Сове́тского Сою́за, transliterated as Geroy Sovetskogo Soyuza) was the highest honorary title and the superior degree of distinction of the former Soviet Union. ...


Many Young Pioneer Palaces were built, which served as community centers for the children, with rooms dedicated to various clubs, such as crafts or sports. Thousands of Young Pioneer camps were set up where children went during summer vacation and winter holidays. Young Pioneer camp was the name for the rest place of Young Pioneers, in the 20th century they existed in many Socialist countries. ...


See also

Solemn Promise, Motto and Rules of Young Pioneers The Solemn Promise of the Young Pioneer of the Soviet Union was: The motto of the Young Pioneers of the Soviet Union consisted of two parts, the first was: Ready to fight for the cause of the Communist Party of the Soviet... Young Pioneer camp was the name for the rest place of Young Pioneers, in the 20th century they existed in many Socialist countries. ... Komsomol (Комсомол) is a syllabic abbreviation word, from the Russian Kommunisticheski Soyuz Molodiozhi (Коммунистический союз молодёжи), or Communist Union of Youth. The organisation served as the youth wing of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union ( CPSU), the youngest members being fourteen years old, the upper limit for an age... Little Octobrists (Russian: Октября́та), in the USSR schoolboys and schoolgirls of 7-9 years of age (1-3 forms of the secondary school). ... The Ernst Thälmann Pioneer Organisation, consisting of the Young Pioneers and the Thälmann Pioneers, was a youth organisation of schoolchildren aged 6 to 14, in East Germany. ... National motto: none Official languages German Capital East Berlin Largest city East Berlin Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 106th 108,333 km² Negligible Creation -Unified 7 October 1949 3 October 1990 Currency East German mark Time zone  â€“ in summer CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) National anthem Auferstanden aus Ruinen Internet...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Pioneers Organization
  • Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union, information in Russian.
  • Chronology of the organization (in Russian)
  • Schools Hit Books For New Methods, an article about the situation with youth organizations in post-Soviet Russia
  • Great songs from the Soviet past - "The songs for children and youth" section

  Results from FactBites:
 
Young Pioneer camp - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (345 words)
The Young Pioneer camps of the Soviet Union were the place of vacation for children from the Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union during summer and winter holidays.
The main Young Pioneer camps of the Soviet Union were All-Union Young Pioneer camp Artek and republican camps: Orlyonok (in the Russian SFSR), Molodaya Gvardiya (in the Ukrainian SSR), Zubryonok (in the Byelorussian SSR).
In East Germany the Ernst Thälmann Pioneer Organisation built a pioneer camp (known as a "pioneer republic") in 1952 at Werbellinsee north-east of Berlin.
Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (960 words)
Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union (Russian: Всесою́зная пионе́рская организа́ция и́мени В.И.Ле́нина), was a mass youth organization of the USSR for children of age 10-15, that existed in the Soviet Union between 1922 and 1990.
Nadezhda Krupskaya (Vladimir Lenin's wife) was one of the chief contributors to the cause of the Pioneer movement.
The main goals and duties of Young Pioneers and requirements of membership were specified by the Regulations of the Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union; by the Solemn Promise (given by each Young Pioneer joining the organization); by the Rules of the Young Pioneers; by the motto.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m