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Encyclopedia > Young Marx

‘Young Marx’ is one half of the concept in Marxology that Karl Marx’s intellectual development can be broken into two board categories, the other being ‘Mature Marx’. There is disagreement though as to when Marx thought began to mature, Lenin claimed Marx's first mature work as “The Poverty of Philosophy” (1847) in his own work “State and Revolution” (1917). The Trotskyist Ernest Mandel in his “the Place of Marxism in History” (1986) broke Marx’s intellectual development into several different stages. Louis Althusser was a champion of this 'young' 'mature' dichotomy in his criticisms of Marxist humanism and Existential Marxism. Karl Marx Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, 1818 Trier, Germany – March 14, 1883 London, England) was an influential philosopher, political economist, and revolutionary organizer of the International Workingmens Association. ... Vladimir Ilyich Lenin ( Russian: Влади́мир Ильи́ч Ле́нин  listen?), original surname Ulyanov (Улья́нов) ( April 22 (April 10 ( O.S.)), 1870 – January 21, 1924), was a Russian revolutionary, the leader of the Bolshevik party, the first Premier of the Soviet Union, and the founder of the ideology of Leninism. ... The Poverty of Philosphy is a book by Karl Marx published in Paris and Brussels in 1847. ... State and Revolution was a brochure written by Vladimir Lenin in August - September, 1917. ... Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. ... Ernest Mandel Ernest Ezra Mandel, also known by various pseudonyms such as Ernest Germain, Pierre Gousset, Henri Vallin, Walter etc. ... Louis Althusser Louis Pierre Althusser (October 16, 1918 - October 23, 1990) was a Marxist philosopher. ... The term Marxist humanism has as its foundation Marxs conception of the alienation of the labourer as he advances it in his Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844--an alienation that is born of a capitalist system in which the worker no longer functions as (what Marx terms) a...


Marxist Humanists do not argue that Marx’s thought never developed but criticise the dichotomy presented ‘young’ and ‘mature’ as being too rigid and not recognising the continuity in Marx‘s development. One piece of evidence used by Marxist Humanist to highlight the importance of Marx’s early works is that Marx himself in 1851 tried to have two volumes of his early writings published.

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  Results from FactBites:
NEWS & LETTERS, February - March 2007 - The Theory of Revolution in the Young Marx (2144 words)
Marx wrote “that not one of the French and English workers’ uprisings had such a theoretical and conscious character as the uprising of the Silesian weavers....
Löwy notes Marx’s favorable assessment of Feuerbach for “his opposing to the negation of the negation, which claims to be the absolute positive, the self-supporting positive, positivity based on itself.” Marx does hold onto this aspect of Feuerbach’s thinking--positivity based on itself--and goes further with it.
Marx returns to the metaphor of religion to explain his concept of positive humanism: “atheism is humanism mediated with itself through the supersession of religion, whilst communism is humanism mediated with itself through the supersession of private property.
Karl Marx - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4672 words)
Marx's view of history, which came to be called the materialist interpretation of history (and which was developed further as the philosophy of dialectical materialism) is certainly influenced by Hegel's claim that reality (and history) should be viewed dialectically, through a clash of opposing forces.
Marx described this loss in terms of commodity fetishism, in which the things that people produce, commodities, appear to have a life and movement of their own to which humans and their behavior merely adapt.
Marx points out that the bourgeois notion of freedom is predicated on choice (in politics, through elections; in the economy, through the market), but that this form of freedom is anti-social and alienating.
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