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Encyclopedia > YouTube
YouTube, LLC
Type Subsidiary of Google
Founded February 15, 2005
Headquarters San Bruno, California, U.S. Flag of the United States
Key people Steve Chen, Founder & CTO
Chad Hurley, Founder & CEO
Jawed Karim, Founder & Advisor
Owner Google
Website YouTube.com

YouTube is a popular video sharing website where users can upload, view and share video clips. YouTube was created in mid February 2005 by three former PayPal employees. The San Bruno-based service uses Adobe Flash technology to display a wide variety of video content, including movie clips, TV clips and music videos, as well as amateur content such as videoblogging and short original videos. In October 2006, Google Inc. announced that it had reached a deal to acquire the company for US$1.65 billion in Google stock. The deal closed on November 13, 2006.[1] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... In business, a subsidiary is a company controlled by another company or corporation. ... Google Inc. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The San Bruno police station next to the BART station at the Shops at Tanforan. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For the supercomputer designer, see Steve Chen (pioneer). ... A chief technical officer or chief technology officer (abbreviated as CTO) is an executive position whose holder is focused on scientific and technical issues within a company. ... Chad Hurley announces the Google acqusition of YouTube Chad Hurley is the co-founder and Chief Executive Officer of the popular San Mateo, California-based video sharing website YouTube, one of the biggest providers of videos on the Internet. ... A Chief Executive Officer (CEO), or Chief Executive, is the highest-ranking corporate officer, administrator, corporate administrator, executive, or executive officer, in charge of total management of a corporation, company, organization or agency. ... Jawed Karim, 2005 Jawed Karim (born 1979) is the co-founder of the popular video sharing website YouTube. ... Google Inc. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Video sharing refers to websites or software where a user can distribute their video clips. ... Video clips are short clips in video format and predominantly found on the internet where the massive influx of new video clips during 2006 was dubbed as a new phenomenon having a profound impact on both the internet and other forms of media. ... February 2005 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December - → Pope John Paul II is taken to a hospital suffering from a serious case of influenza. ... eBay North First Street satellite office campus (home to PayPal) PayPal is an e-commerce business allowing payments and money transfers to be made through the Internet. ... The San Bruno police station next to the BART station at the Shops at Tanforan. ... Adobe Flash, or simply Flash, refers to both the Adobe Flash Player, and to the Adobe Flash Professional multimedia authoring program. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as... Television series redirects here. ... A music video (also video clip, promo) is a short film or video meant to present a visual representation of a popular music song. ... Videoblogs is a variant of weblogs using video as their main content, often with additional text as in a standard weblog. ... Google Inc. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... Google Inc. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Unregistered users can watch most videos on the site, while registered users are permitted to upload an unlimited number of videos. Related videos, determined by title and tags, appear onscreen to the right of a given video. In YouTube's second year, functions were added to enhance user ability to post video 'responses' and subscribe to content feeds. For a proposal for tagging in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:WikiProject Microformats#MediaWiki issues A tag cloud with terms related to Web 2. ...

History

YouTube's early headquarters in San Mateo

YouTube was founded by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen and Jawed Karim, who were all early employees of PayPal.[2] Prior to PayPal, Hurley studied design at Indiana University of Pennsylvania. Chen and Karim studied computer science together at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.[3] The domain name "YouTube.com" was activated on February 15, 2005,[4] and the website was developed over the subsequent months. The creators offered the public a preview of the site in May 2005, six months before YouTube made its official debut. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1536x1152, 548 KB) Summary The headquarters of YouTube are on the second floor of this modest brick building in downtown San Mateo, California. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1536x1152, 548 KB) Summary The headquarters of YouTube are on the second floor of this modest brick building in downtown San Mateo, California. ... Chad Hurley announces the Google acqusition of YouTube Chad Hurley is the co-founder and Chief Executive Officer of the popular San Mateo, California-based video sharing website YouTube, one of the biggest providers of videos on the Internet. ... For the supercomputer designer, see Steve Chen (pioneer). ... Jawed Karim, 2005 Jawed Karim (born 1979) is the co-founder of the popular video sharing website YouTube. ... eBay North First Street satellite office campus (home to PayPal) PayPal is an e-commerce business allowing payments and money transfers to be made through the Internet. ... Indiana University of Pennsylvania (or IUP) is a public university located in the borough of Indiana, Pennsylvania, USA, sixty miles northeast of Pittsburgh. ... Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ... The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), is the largest campus in the University of Illinois system. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

YouTube's current headquarters in San Bruno

Like many technology startups, YouTube was started as an angel-funded enterprise from a makeshift office in a garage. In November 2005, venture firm Sequoia Capital invested an initial $3.5 million;[5] additionally, Roelof Botha, partner of the firm and former CFO of PayPal, joined the YouTube board of directors. In April 2006, Sequoia put an additional $8 million into the company, which had experienced huge popular growth within its first few months.[6] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1536 × 1152 pixel, file size: 556 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) YouTube headquarters at 1000 Cherry Avenue in San Bruno, California. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1536 × 1152 pixel, file size: 556 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) YouTube headquarters at 1000 Cherry Avenue in San Bruno, California. ... An angel investor or business angel is an individual who provides capital for a business start-up, usually in exchange for ownership equity. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Look up garage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sequoia Capital is a venture capital firm founded by Don Valentine in 1972. ... Roelof Botha is an actuary. ... The Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of a company or public agency is the corporate officer primarily responsible for managing the financial risks of the business or agency. ...


During the summer of 2006, YouTube was one of the fastest growing websites on the Web,[7] and was ranked the 5th most popular website on Alexa, far outpacing even MySpace's rate of growth.[8] According to a July 16, 2006 survey, 100 million video clips are viewed daily on YouTube, with an additional 65,000 new videos uploaded every 24 hours. The website averages nearly 20 million visitors per month, according to Nielsen/NetRatings,[9] where around 44% are female, 56% male, and the 12- to 17-year-old age group is dominant.[10] YouTube's preeminence in the online video market is staggering. According to the website Hitwise.com, YouTube commands up to 64% of the UK online video market.[11] WWWs historical logo designed by Robert Cailliau The World Wide Web is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents accessed via the Internet. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... MySpace is a social networking website offering an interactive, user-submitted network of friends, personal profiles, blogs, groups, photos, music, and videos. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Wikinews has related news:
Google purchases YouTube for $1.65 billion

On October 9, 2006, it was announced that the company would be purchased by Google for US$1.65 billion in stock. The purchase agreement between Google and YouTube came after YouTube presented three agreements with media companies in an attempt to escape the threat of copyright-infringement lawsuits. YouTube will continue operating independently, with its co-founders and 67 employees working within the company.[12] The deal to acquire YouTube closed on November 13, and was, at the time, Google's second largest acquisition.[13] Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Google Inc. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... Copyright symbol Copyright is a set of exclusive rights regulating the use of a particular expression of an idea or information. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Media recognition

Within a relatively short time, YouTube has experienced much well-publicized growth, fueled primarily by online word-of-mouth. The website received an early surge of publicity when it hosted the popular Saturday Night Live short Lazy Sunday.[14] However, YouTube's official policy prohibits submission of copyrighted material, and NBC Universal, owners of SNL, soon decided to take action. Saturday Night Live (SNL) is a weekly late night 91-minute American comedy-variety show based in New York City that has been broadcast live by NBC on Saturday nights since October 11, 1975. ... A screencap of Lazy Sunday from Saturday Night Live. ... NBC Universal is a media and entertainment conglomerate formed in May 2004 by the combination of General Electrics NBC with Vivendi Universal Entertainment, part of Vivendi Universal. ...


In February 2006, NBC asked for the removal of some of its copyrighted content from YouTube, including Lazy Sunday and 2006 Olympics clips.[5][15] The following month, in an attempt to strengthen its policy against copyright infringement, YouTube set a 10-minute maximum limit on video runtime. Although earlier users were grandfathered in to download longer videos, new members cannot upload videos over 10 minutes long, regardless of membership status. (It should be noted, however, that the actual cutoff time is 10:58).[citation needed] The restriction can easily be circumvented by uploaders, who simply split the original video into smaller segments, each under the '10-minute' maximum. The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... A screencap of Lazy Sunday from Saturday Night Live. ... Neve and Gliz, the 2006 Olympics mascots, on display in Turin The 2006 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XX Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in Turin, Italy from February 10, 2006, through February 26, 2006. ...


Though YouTube complied with NBC's demands, the incident made the news, garnering the website even more publicity. As YouTube continued growing in popularity, NBC began to realize the website's possibilities, and announced, in June 2006, a strategic partnership with YouTube. Under the deal, an official NBC channel was set up on YouTube, showcasing promotional clips for the series The Office. YouTube will also promote NBC videos on its site.[16] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Office is the title of multiple television situation comedy shows created by Ricky Gervais and Stephen Merchant. ...


CBS, which had also asked YouTube to remove several of its clips, followed NBC's example in July 2006. In a statement indicative of how traditional media's perception of YouTube (and similar sites) has changed, Sean McManus, president of CBS News and Sports noted: CBS Broadcasting, Inc. ... Sean McManus is the president of CBS News in the United States. ...

Our inclination now is, the more exposure we get from clips like that, the better it is for CBS News and the CBS television network, so in retrospect we probably should have embraced the exposure, and embraced the attention it was bringing CBS, instead of being parochial and saying ‘let’s pull it down.’[17]

In August 2006, YouTube announced its goal, within 18 months, to offer every music video ever made, while remaining free of charge. Warner Music Group and EMI have confirmed that they are among the companies in talks to implement the plan.[18] In September 2006, Warner Music and YouTube signed a deal, in which the website will be allowed to host every Warner music video while sharing a portion of the advertisement income. Moreover, user-created videos on YouTube will be allowed to use Warner songs in their soundtracks.[19] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The EMI Group (LSE: EMI) is a British music company comprising of the major record company EMI Music which operates several labels, based in Kensington in London, England, and EMI Music Publishing, based in New York. ...


On October 9, 2006, CBS, Universal Music Group, and Sony BMG Music Entertainment announced an agreement to provide content to YouTube.[20] is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... CBS Broadcasting, Inc. ... Universal Music Group (UMG) is the largest business group and family of record labels in the recording industry. ... The Sony BMG Music Entertainment logo. ...


On January 29, 2007, YouTube co-founder Chad Hurley announced that the online video service will pay its active user-contributors (who should actually be the true copyright owners) a portion of the website's advertising revenue. However, at the World Economic Forum, Hurley did not mention an exact amount of money that YouTube will pay the contributors.[21] January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Chad Hurley announces the Google acqusition of YouTube Chad Hurley is the co-founder and Chief Executive Officer of the popular San Mateo, California-based video sharing website YouTube, one of the biggest providers of videos on the Internet. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Channel Type

Members of youtube.com are offered to be apart of groups called "Channel Types" that make their channel more distinctive. The Types are: You Tuber, a general viewer of youtube. Director Movie makers displying their videos for youtube viewers. Musician Musicians or bands covering songs or displaying originals or giving lessons on songs, scales, chords,ect. Comedian Comedians displaying their comedy bits for youtube viewers. Look up director in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... “Instrumentalist” redirects here. ... ECT may be an abbreviation for Electroconvulsive therapy, also known as electroshock therapy, a medical treatment. ... A comedian, or comic, is an entertainer who amuses an audience by making them laugh. ...


Press coverage

Time featured a YouTube screen with a foil mirror as its annual 'Person of the Year', citing user-created media such as YouTube's, and featuring the site's originators along with several content creators. The Wall Street Journal and New York Times have also reviewed posted content on YouTube, and its effects upon corporate communications and recruitment in 2006. PC World Magazine named YouTube the 9th of the Top 10 Best Products of 2006.[22] In 2007, both Sports Illustrated and Dime Magazine featured stellar reviews of a basketball highlight video entitled, The Ultimate Pistol Pete Maravich MIX.[23] Because of its acquisition by Google, it is sometimes referred to as "GooTube."[23] Time (whose trademark is capitalized TIME) is a weekly American newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report. ... Past Person of the Year covers (clockwise from upper-left): Charles Lindbergh, 1927; The American Fighting-Man, 1950; Ayatollah Khomeini, 1979; The Computer, 1982; Rudy Giuliani, 2001. ... The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... PC World is a global computer magazine published monthly by IDG. It offers advice on various aspects of PCs and related items, the Internet, and other personal-technology products and services. ... The first issue of Sports Illustrated, August 16, 1954, showing Milwaukee Braves star Eddie Mathews at bat in Milwaukee County Stadium. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: If you are familiar with the subject matter, please expand the article to establish its notability, citing reliable sources, so as to avoid it being considered...


Revenue model

Before being purchased by Google, YouTube declared that its business model was advertisement-based, making 15 million dollars per month as such. Some industry commentators have speculated that YouTube's running costs — specifically the bandwidth required — may be as high as 5 to 6 million USD per month,[24] thereby fueling criticisms that the company, like many Internet startups, did not have a viably implemented business model. Advertisements were launched on the site beginning in March 2006. In April, YouTube started using Google AdSense[citation needed]. YouTube subsequently stopped using AdSense but has resumed in local regions. March 2006 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Fijian Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase announces that the 2006 Fiji general elections will be held in the second week of May 2006 from the 6th to the 13th. ... AdSense is an ad serving program run by Google. ...


Europe arrival

On June 19, 2007, Eric E. Schmidt was in Paris to launch the new localization system. The entire interface of the website is now available with localized versions in numerous countries (Brazil, France, Ireland, Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, Poland, Spain and The United Kingdom). Google aims to compete with local videosharing websites like DailyMotion in France. It also made an agreement with local television stations like M6 and France Télévisions to legally broadcast video content. Google also plans to localize in Germany in the future. is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Eric Emerson Schmidt, Ph. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... Dailymotion is a video sharing website. ... Métropole 6, known popularly as simply M6, is a French television service owned by a company called Métropole Télévision. ... Logo France télévisions headquarters in Paris France Télévisions is the French public national television broadcaster. ...


Recent events

Copyright infringement

YouTube policy does not allow content to be uploaded by anyone not permitted by United States copyright law, and the company frequently removes uploaded infringing content. Nonetheless, a large amount of infringing content continues to be uploaded (e.g., television shows/clips, film clips, commercials, music videos, music concerts, M.U.G.E.N, emulator hacks, or games republished onto another system such as PSP). Generally speaking, unless a copyright holder reports them, YouTube only discovers these videos via indications within the YouTube community through self-policing. YouTube generally identifies video content through search terms that uploaders associate with clips. Some deceptive users create alternative search terms when uploading specific file types (similar to the deliberate misspelling of band names on MP3 filesharing networks). For a brief time, members could also report on one another. The flagging feature, intended as a means of reporting questionable content, has been subject to considerable abuse; for a time, some users were flagging other users' original content for copyright violations out of spite. YouTube proceeded to remove copyright infringement from the list of flaggable offenses. United States copyright law governs the legally enforceable rights of creative and artistic works in the United States. ... M.U.G.E.Ns default motif. ... Screenshot of Lunar Magic, a level editor for Super Mario World, illustrating how a user can modify the game. ... The PlayStation Portable , officially abbreviated as PSP) is a handheld game console released and currently manufactured by Sony Computer Entertainment. ...


Hollywood remains divided on YouTube, as "'the marketing guys love YouTube and the legal guys hate it.'"[25] Further, American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ...

While lawyers are demanding filtering technology, many Hollywood execs actually enjoy the fact that YouTube only takes down clips when they request it. "If I found part of a successful show up on YouTube today, I'd probably pull it down immediately .... If I had a show that wasn't doing so well in the ratings and could use the promotion, I wouldn't be in a rush to do that."[25]

Content owners are not just targeting YouTube for copyright infringements, but are also targeting third party websites that link to infringing content on YouTube and other video-sharing sites. For example QuickSilverScreen vs. Fox[26] Daily Episodes vs. Fox[27] and Columbia vs. Slashfilm.[28] The liability of linking remains a grey area with cases for and against. The law in the U.S. currently leans towards website owners being liable for infringing links[29] although they are often protected by the DMCA providing they take down infringing content when issued with a takedown notice. However, a recent court ruling in the U.S. found Google not liable for linking to infringing content (Perfect 10 v. Google, Inc.). The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a controversial United States copyright law which criminalizes production and dissemination of technology that can circumvent measures taken to protect copyright, not merely infringement of copyright itself, and heightens the penalties for copyright infringement on the Internet. ... Perfect 10 v. ...


Examples of infringement complaints

On October 5, 2006, the Japanese Society for Rights of Authors, Composers and Publishers (JASRAC) finalized their copyright complaints regarding Japanese media on YouTube. Thousands of media from popular Japanese artists (such as Tokyo Jihen and other music including Jpop) were removed. is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... JASRAC (Japanese Society for Rights of Authors, Composers and Publishers) was established in 1939 as a non-profit making organization, and is the largest musical copyright administration society in Japan. ... Tokyo Jihen Tokyo Jihen The Tokyo Incidents) is a Japanese band created by Shiina Ringo ), after leaving her solo career. ... J-Pop is a form of Japanese pop music. ...


When CBS and Universal Music Group signed agreements to provide content on YouTube, they announced a new technology to help them find and remove copyrighted material.[20]


TV journalist Robert Tur filed the first lawsuit against the company in the summer of 2006, alleging copyright infringement for hosting a number of famous news clips without permission. The case has yet to be resolved.[30][31] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


On November 9, 2006, Artie Lange said that his lawyer were in talks with YouTube, after Lange learned that his entire DVD, It's the Whiskey Talking, was available for free on the website. He added that he will either demand money from them, or will sue.[32] is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Arthur Steven Lange, Jr. ...


Viacom and the British Broadcasting Corporation both demanded YouTube to take down more than 200,000 videos.[33] Viacom (NYSE: VIA) (NYSE: VIAb) is an American media conglomerate with various worldwide interests in cable and satellite television networks (MTV Networks and BET), and movie production and distribution (the Paramount Pictures and DreamWorks movie studios). ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ...

Viacom announced it was suing YouTube, and its owner Google, for more than $1 billion in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. Viacom claims that YouTube over 160,000 of their videos posted on the website without their permission.[34][35] Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Viacom (NYSE: VIA) (NYSE: VIAb) is an American media conglomerate with various worldwide interests in cable and satellite television networks (MTV Networks and BET), and movie production and distribution (the Paramount Pictures and DreamWorks movie studios). ... Google Inc. ... Map of the boundaries of the United States Courts of Appeals and United States District Courts The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system. ... The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (S.D.N.Y.) is the federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises the following counties: New York (Manhattan), Bronx, Westchester, Putnam, Rockland, Orange, Dutchess, and Sullivan. ...


Use of acoustic fingerprints

On October 12, 2006, YouTube announced that because of recent agreements with high-profile content creators, they now required to use antipiracy software, which uses an audio-signature technology that can detect a low-quality copy of licensed video. YouTube would have to substitute an approved version of any clip or remove the material immediately. Industry analysts speculated that removal of content with such a system might reduce overall user satisfaction.[36] This is frustrating for viewers who upload anime music videos, because most AMVs use licensed music content; however, this music is often acquired illegally as well.[36] is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... An acoustic fingerprint is a unique code generated from an audio waveform. ... An anime music video (abbreviated AMV) is a music video consisting of clips from one or more anime television series or movies set to songs; the term usually refers to fan-made unofficial videos. ...


On April 16, 2007, Google's CEO Eric E. Schmidt presented a keynote speech at the NAB Convention in Las Vegas. During the Q&A session, Schmidt announced that YouTube was close to enacting a content filtering system to remove infringing content from the service. The new system, called "Claim Your Content", will automatically identify copyrighted material for removal.[37] is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Eric Emerson Schmidt, Ph. ... NAB may stand for: National Association of Broadcasters, the industry group representing the commercial radio stations and television stations of the United States National Australia Bank Needle aspiration biopsy, a medical technique Neodymium aluminium borate New American Bible, an English Bible translation that was produced by members of the Roman... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ...


Google spokesperson Ricardo Reyes stated on June 13, 2007 that the company was seeking "a way to make video identification technology a reality" when they began to test the system in the next few days.[38][39] is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Violence

Wikinews has related news:
New Zealand school children put fight videos on YouTube

On June 1, 2006, the evening ITV News bulletin reported that YouTube and similar sites were encouraging violence among teenagers, who were recording fights on mobile phones. In July 2007, a similar incident happened at a school in Hayling Island, U.K.[40] Cyber bullying (cyberbullying, cyber-bullying, online bullying) is the use of electronic information and communication devices such as e-mail, instant messaging, text messages, mobile phones, pagers and defamatory websites to bully or otherwise harass an individual or group through personal attacks or other means, and it may constitute a... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Happy slapping is a fad in which an unsuspecting victim is attacked while an accomplice records the assault (commonly with a camera phone or a smartphone). ... The coastline of Hayling Island. ...


White House National Drug Control involvement

In September 2006, the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) began running anti-drug messages through the YouTube System.[41] In response, many YouTube users began uploading rebuttals and low rating the public service announcements. Consequently, since mid-September, the ONDCP has removed the ability to evaluate any of their messages. The White House Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), a component of the Executive Office of the President of the United States, was established in 1988 by the Anti-Drug Abuse Act. ...


New York Times reports anti-U.S. attack videos

On October 5, 2006, The New York Times reported on the proliferation of what they considered to be anti-U.S. Iraqi insurgent attack videos on YouTube.[42] is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Political campaigning

Political candidates for the 2008 U.S. Presidential election have been using YouTube as an outlet for advertising their candidacies. Voters can view candidate statements and make videos supporting (or opposing) presidential candidates (e.g., videos for Barack Obama, Joe Biden, Hillary Clinton and Ron Paul).[43] [44] The U.S. media has often commented that YouTube played a significant role in the 2006 defeat of Republican Senator George Allen due to a video clip of him making allegedly racist remarks that was continuously replayed by YouTube viewers during the campaign.[45] [46] [47] [48] [49] Political commentators such as James Kotecki have also joined the YouTube world of politics. Many commentators make videos on YouTube critiquing a presidential candidate's YouTube videos, or simply using YouTube as a medium to get their opinions heard. Recently, French and Italian politicians, such as Antonio Di Pietro, have also been using the site as part of their campaigns. Barack Hussein Obama (born August 4, 1961) is the junior United States Senator from Illinois and a member of the Democratic Party. ... Joseph Robinette Joe Biden, Jr. ... Hillary Clinton Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947), was First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001, as the wife of President Bill Clinton. ... Ronald Ernest Paul, (born August 20, 1935) is a 10th-term Congressman from Lake Jackson, Texas, a member of the Republican Party, a physician, and a candidate for the Republican nomination in the 2008 presidential election. ... George Felix Allen (born March 8, 1952) is a former Republican United States Senator from the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the son of former NFL head coach George Allen. ... Kotecki in his Georgetown dorm room (from one of his early YouTube videos). ... Antonio di Pietro Antonio Di Pietro (born Montenero di Bisaccia, Italy, October 2, 1950) is an Italian Senator and was a magistrate in the team of the so-called Mani Pulite. Born to a poor rural family of Molise, very young he went Germany to work as a waiter in...


CNN-YouTube Presidential Debates

Main article: CNN-YouTube presidential debates

In the run up to the 2008 Presidential elections, CNN aired a debate in which candidates fielded questions selected from a pool submitted by users of YouTube. Because of the use of technology to aggregate questions from a wide range of constituents, the forum has been referred to as "most democratic Presidential Debate ever"[50] This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Banning

Brazilian model lawsuit and subsequent banning

YouTube is being sued by Brazilian model and MTV VJ Daniela Cicarelli (better known as Ronaldo's ex-fiancée) on the grounds that the site is making available a video footage made by a paparazzo, in which she and her boyfriend are having sex on a Spanish beach. The lawsuit requires that YouTube be blocked in Brazil until all copies of the video are removed. On Saturday, January 6, 2007, a legal injunction ordered that filters be put in place to prevent users in Brazil from accessing the website.[51][52] The MTV logo. ... A video jockey (usually abbreviated to VJ or sometimes veejay) can mean two things: One describes an announcer who introduces and plays videos on commercial music television such as MTV or VH1. ... Daniela Cicarelli Lemos (b. ... Ronaldo Luis Nazário de Lima (born September 22, 1976), is a Brazilian professional footballer who plays as a striker for Brazil and the Italian Serie A club AC Milan. ... Paparazzo, Stephen. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


The effectiveness of the measure has been questioned, since the video is available not only on YouTube, but rather has become an Internet phenomenon. On Tuesday, January 9, 2007, the same court overturned their previous decision, ordering the filters removed, although the footage itself remained forbidden, but without technical support for its blockage.[53] After the banning of YouTube in Brazil there has been a website called brtube.com as an unofficial replacement for YouTube in Brazil. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

Iran

On December 3, 2006, Iran blocked YouTube, along with several other sites, after declaring them "immoral". The YouTube ban came after a video was posted online that appears to show an Iranian soap opera star having sex.[54] is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Morocco

On May 25, 2007 the state-owned Maroc Telecom blocked all access to YouTube.[55] There were no reasons given as to why YouTube was blocked, but speculations are that it might have something to do with some posted pro-separatist group Polisario clips (Polisario being the Western Sahara independence movement) or because of some videos criticizing King Mohammed VI. The government ban did not concern the other two private internet-providers, Wana and Meditel. YouTube became accessible again on May 30, 2007 after Maroc Telecom unofficially announced that the denied access to the website was a mere "technical glitch".[56] Maroc Telecom (Arabic: ; Ittisalat Al Maghrib; Acronym: IAM) is the main telecommunication company in Morocco. ... The Polisario, Polisario Front, or Frente Polisario, from the Spanish abbreviation of Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro (Peoples Liberation Front of Saguia el-Hamra and Rio de Oro) is an army and political movement in the Western Sahara, comprising... His Majesty King Mohammed VI (Arabic: الملك محمد السادس للمغرب) a. ... Wana (formerly Maroc Connect) (established in 1999) is the third main telecommunication company in Morocco. ... Méditel logo Méditel (or Médi Télécom) is one of the main telecommunications operators of Morocco. ...

Thailand

During the week of March 8, YouTube was blocked in Thailand.[57] Many bloggers believed the reason for the blockage was a posted video of former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra's speech on CNN. However, the government did not confirm or provide reasons for the ban, but YouTube was again accessible since March 10, 2007. is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Wikinews has related news: Thaksin Shinawatra   (Thai: , IPA: ; (Chinese: 丘達新), born July 26, 1949 in Chiang Mai, Thailand), Thai businessman and politician, is the former Prime Minister of Thailand, the former leader of the populist Thai Rak Thai party, and current owner of the Manchester City Football Club. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


On the night of April 3, 2007, YouTube was again blocked in Thailand.[58] The government cited a video on the site that it called "insulting" to King Bhumibol Adulyadej.[59] However, the Ministry of Information and Communication Technology claimed that it would unblock YouTube in a few days, after websites containing references to this video are blocked instead of the entire website.[60] Communications Minister Sitthichai Pookaiyaudom said, "When they decide to withdraw the clip, we will withdraw the ban."[61] Shortly after this incident the internet technology blog Mashable was banned from Thailand over the reporting of the YouTube clips in question.[62] YouTube remains blocked from within Thailand as of August, 2007. is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Bhumibol Adulyadej (Thai: ; IPA: ; Royal Institute: Phumiphon Adunyadet;  ) (born December 5, 1927), is the current King of Thailand. ... Sitthichai Pokai-udom (Thai: สิทธิชัย โภไคยอุดม, born 10 November 1948) was appointed Information and Communications Technology Minister of Thailand in 2006 by a military junta. ...

Turkey
YouTube was blocked in Turkey. "Access to this site is blocked by court order".

Turkey blocked YouTube on March 6, 2007 for letting videos insulting Turks and Atatürk, the founder of modern Turkey, to be shown, in an escalation of what some call a "virtual war" between Greeks, Armenians, Kurds and Turks on YouTube, with people from each side posting videos to berate the other.[63] The video that caused banning alleged Turks and Atatürk to be homosexuals. The video was first mentioned on CNN Türk and the Istanbul public prosecutor sued YouTube for insulting Turkishness.[64] The court suspended access to YouTube pending removal of the video. The ban was strongly criticized as censorship in the press and by the general public. YouTube lawyers sent documentary of removal to public prosecutor and access was restored on March 9, 2007.[65] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 484 pixelsFull resolution (1021 × 618 pixel, file size: 81 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is what you see once you try to login to YouTube on 7th March 2007. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 484 pixelsFull resolution (1021 × 618 pixel, file size: 81 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is what you see once you try to login to YouTube on 7th March 2007. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881 – November 10, 1938) was an army officer, revolutionary statesman, the founder of the Republic of Turkey and its first President. ... Kurds are one of the Iranian peoples and speak Kurdish, a north-Western Iranian language related to Persian. ... Homosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love, or sexual desire exclusively for another of the same sex. ... CNN Türk is the Turkish version of the popular cable news channel CNN. CNN Türk is a nationwide channel broadcasting exclusively in Turkey, owned by Time Warner and Dogan Medya Grubu, broadcasting since October 11, 1999. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Terms of service

According YouTube's terms of service,[66] users may upload videos only with permission of the copyright holder and of the depicted persons. Pornography, defamation, harassment, commercial advertisements and material that encourages criminal conduct may not be uploaded. The uploader grants YouTube a license to distribute and modify the uploaded material for any purpose; this license terminates when the uploader deletes the material from the site. Users may view videos on the site as long as users agree to the terms of service. Terms of Service (often abbreviated as ToS) are rules by which one must agree to abide by in order to use a service. ...


Domain name problem

YouTube's immense success has unintentionally affected the business of an American company, Universal Tube & Rollform Equipment Corp., whose website, http://www.utube.com, has been frequently overloaded and shut down by extremely high numbers of visitors unsure about the spelling of YouTube's domain name.[67] At the beginning of November 2006, Universal Tube filed suit in federal court against YouTube,[68] requesting that the youtube.com domain be transferred to them.[69] This was widely viewed as frivolous litigation. Universal Tube & Rollform Equipment Corporation is an American manufacturer and supplier of metal machine tubes and pipes. ... It has been suggested that civil trial be merged into this article or section. ... Map of the boundaries of the United States Courts of Appeals and United States District Courts The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system. ... In courts, a defense or claim is termed frivolous if it is presented in spite of the fact that both the party and the partys attorney knew that it had no merit and it did not argue for a reasonable extension or reinterpretation of the law or no underlying...


Technical notes

Video format

YouTube's video playback technology is based on Macromedia's Flash Player 7 and uses the Sorenson Spark H.263 video codec. This technology allows the site to display videos with quality comparable to more established video playback technologies (such as Windows Media Player, QuickTime and RealPlayer) that generally require the user to download and install a web browser plugin in order to view video. 'Flash' requires a plug-in, but the 'Flash 7' plug-in is generally considered to be present on approximately 90% of online computers.[70] The video can also be played back with gnash or VLC. It has pixel dimensions of 320 by 240 and a uses 25 frames per second. The maximum data rate is 300kbps. Macromedia was an American graphics and web development software house headquartered in San Francisco, California producing such products as Macromedia Flash. ... The Adobe Flush Player is a widely distributed multimedia and application player created and distributed by Macromedia (a division of Adobe Systems). ... The Sorenson codec (also known as Sorenson Video Codec, Sorenson Video Quantizer or SVQ) is a digital video codec devised by the company Sorenson Media. ... H.263 is a video codec designed by the ITU-T as a low-bitrate encoding solution for videoconferencing. ... A codec is a device or program capable of performing encoding and decoding on a digital data stream or signal. ... Windows Media Player (WMP) is a digital media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices. ... QuickTime is a multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc. ... RealPlayer, briefly known also as RealOne Player, is a cross-platform media player by RealNetworks that plays a number of multimedia formats including MP3, MPEG-4, QuickTime, Windows Media and multiple versions of proprietary RealAudio and RealVideo codecs. ... An example of a web browser (Internet Explorer), displaying the English Wikipedia main page. ... A plugin (plug-in, addin, add-in, addon or add-on) is a computer program that interacts with a main (or host) application (a web browser or an email program, for example) to provide a certain, usually very specific, function on demand. ... Gnash is a project which aims to create a player and browser plugin for the Adobe Flash file format which is free software, replacing the proprietary software niche currently occupied by Adobe Flash Player. ... VLC is a three-letter abbreviation with multiple meanings, as described below: VLC media player Visible Light Communications technology Valencia Airport - IATA airport code VLC Variable Length Coding This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page—a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


YouTube converts videos into .FLV (Adobe Flash Video) format after uploading.[71] The extension is then stripped from the file (Extension can be found again with TrID). The different files are stored in obscurely named subdomains, to make ripping the videos difficult. Flash Video (FLV) is a proprietary file format used to deliver video over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player (formerly known as Macromedia Flash Player) version 6, 7, 8, or 9. ... TrID is a utility designed to identify file types from their binary signatures. ... In the Domain Name System (DNS) hierarchy, a subdomain is a domain that is part of a larger domain. ...


YouTube officially accepts uploaded videos in .WMV, .AVI, .MOV, MPEG and .MP4, formats[72] Windows Media Video (WMV) is a generic name for the set of video codec technologies developed by Microsoft. ... // Audio-Video Interleaved, known by its acronym AVI, is a multimedia container format introduced by Microsoft in November 1992 as part of its Video for Windows technology. ... QuickTime is a multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc. ... The Moving Picture Experts Group or MPEG is a working group of ISO/IEC charged with the development of video and audio encoding standards. ... MPEG-4 Part 14, formally ISO/IEC 14496-14:2003, is a multimedia container format standard specified as a part of MPEG-4. ...


Video can be seen in windowed mode or full screen mode; it is possible to switch the mode during the viewing of any video without reloading it.


Audio format

YouTube files contain an MP3 audio stream. By default, it is mono-encoding with a 65kbps rate at 22050 Hz. However, it is possible to get a stereo audio track if the movie file is manually converted to FLV format using a program such as ffmpegX (Macintosh) or Riva FLV Encoder (Windows).


Content accessibility

On YouTube

Users may submit videos in several common file formats (such as .mpeg and .avi). YouTube automatically converts them to the H.263 variant of Flash Video (with extension .flv), and makes them available for online viewing. Flash Video is a popular video format among large hosting sites due to its wide compatibility. Beginning in June 2007, newly uploaded videos will also be encoded using the H.264 video standard to enable streaming of YouTube videos on the Apple TV and the iPhone. The Moving Picture Experts Group or MPEG is a working group of ISO/IEC charged with the development of video and audio encoding standards. ... // Audio-Video Interleaved, known by its acronym AVI, is a multimedia container format introduced by Microsoft in November 1992 as part of its Video for Windows technology. ... H.263 is a video codec designed by the ITU-T as a low-bitrate encoding solution for videoconferencing. ... FLV (Flash Video) is a proprietary file format used to deliver video over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player (formerly known as Macromedia Flash Player) version 6, 7, 8, or 9. ... H.264 is a high compression digital video codec standard written by the ITU-T Video Coding Experts Group (VCEG) together with the ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) as the product of a collective partnership effort known as the Joint Video Team (JVT). ... Apple TV (styled tv) is a digital media receiver manufactured, marketed and sold by Apple. ... The correct title of this article is . ...


On Apple TV

Apple Inc. announced on 20 June, 2007 that YouTube is accessible on the Apple TV after installation of a free software update. Functionality includes browsing by category, searching videos, and the ability for members to log onto their YouTube accounts directly on Apple TV. Access to thousands of the most current and popular YouTube videos will be available, with plans to add thousands more videos each week. The entire catalog is targeted to be available in fall 2007. According to Apple VP David Moody, the reason for the delay is the need for all current YouTube content to be transcoded to Apple's preferred video standard, H.264. All content uploaded in June, however, will be automatically encoded into H.264, rendering additional transcoding unnecessary for these newer files. Apple Inc. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Apple TV (styled tv) is a digital media receiver manufactured, marketed and sold by Apple. ...


On Mobile

YouTube launched its mobile site, YouTubeMobile on 15 June 2007. It is based on xHTML and uses 3GP videos with H263/AMR codec and RTSP streaming. is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On iPhone

Apple announced Wednesday, 20 June 2007 that YouTube will be available on iPhone at launch. Streaming is over WiFi or EDGE. The correct title of this article is . ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Wi-Fi (or Wi-fi, WiFi, Wifi, wifi), short for Wireless Fidelity, is a set of standards for wireless local area networks (WLAN) currently based on the IEEE 802. ... Look up Edge in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Elsewhere outside YouTube

Each video is accompanied by the full HTML markup for linking to it and/or embedding it within another page, unless the submitter of a video chooses to disable the embedding feature. A small addition to the embeddable markup will allow the video to play automatically when the webpage loads. These simple cut-and-paste options are especially popular with users of social-networking sites. Poor experiences, however, have been cited by users of such sites,[73] where autoplaying embedded YouTube videos has been reported to slow down page loading time or even to crash internet browsers. A specialized markup language using SGML is used to write the electronic version of the Oxford English Dictionary. ...


The YouTube Player is the name of another embeddable applet (with a different interface), designed for browsing YouTube videos on an iGoogle homepage. Habbo UK uses the YouTube player for their Habbo Player. It is basically a competition where Habbos make plays, how-to's, hotel roams, and the like, and post them on YouTube. This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... iGoogle (formerly Google Personalized Homepage) is a customizable homepage originally launched in May 2005. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Downloading videos

YouTube itself does not make it easy to download and save videos for offline viewing or editing, but several third-party web sites (e.g., YouTube Download Link Finder, Youtube Downloader, SaveTube), applications (e.g. Copy Video Files off YouTube or Google Video, Orbit Downloader, YouTube to iPod), browser extensions (e.g. the UnPlug or VideoDownloader Firefox extensions) exist for that purpose. Alternatively, most .flv files can be copied from the 'Temporary Internet Files' folder in Windows, or the /tmp directory in GNU systems, to a permanent folder. The .flv files can then be viewed and edited directly or converted to other formats using various applications. Mozilla Firefox is a graphical web browser developed by the Mozilla Corporation, and a large community of external contributors. ... Temporary Internet Files is a directory on Microsoft Windows computer systems. ... GNU (pronounced ) is a computer operating system composed entirely of free software. ...


Viewing deleted videos

Although once deleted, You Tube videos are often physically removed as soon as possible. However, some applications have been developed to allow such content to be recovered as long as it physically exists. YouTube videos which are flagged as 'deleted' are not necessarily deleted, as it is possible to recover and download them by using web applications such as the Deleted YouTube Video Viewer.


YouTube Remixer

On June 18, 2007, YouTube launched its online video editing tool, YouTube Remixer. The tool allows users to edit their YouTube videos online. is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Social impact

Internet celebrities and breaking boundaries

YouTube's popularity has led to the creation of many YouTube Internet celebrities, popular individuals who have attracted much publicity in their home countries (and sometimes world renown) due to their videos.[74] The most subscribed YouTube member, as of June 2, 2007, is Smosh.[75] For some users, Internet fame has led to unexpected results and, in some cases, crossovers into traditional media or entertainment avenues. Former receptionist Brooke Brodack (Brookers) from Connecticut has been signed by NBC's Carson Daly for an 18-month development contract in June 2006; Brodack was among the first individuals to transition into mainstream media through YouTube.[76][77] Another discovery was the uncovered fictitious blog of lonelygirl15, now known to be the creation of New Zealand actress Jessica Rose and some film directors. In 2007, a Dutch vocalist and songwriter named Esmée Denters (esmeedenters) was signed to a recording contract by Billy Mann based on her YouTube performances.[78][79] On January 31, 2007, Fox announced that Lisa Donovan (LisaNova) would appear as a cast member during the 12th season of its sketch comedy show MADtv.[80] Terra Naomi (terranaomi) has been signed with Island Records, a division of the Universal Music Group, one of the Big Four record labels. Brandon Hardesty (ArtieTSMITW), known for a popular reenactment series among his work, is currently in a GEICO television commercial[81] running nationally in the U.S. and it consists mostly of a segment taken from his Strange Faces and Noises I Can Make III video.[82] Ysabella Brave (ysabellabrave and ysabellabravetalk) announced in two videos on June 3, 2007, in connection with a Los Angeles Times feature article[83] about her on the same day, that she has been signed by Cordless Recordings, a division of the Warner Music Group, also one of the four major records labels. TheReceptionist announced in a video on July 9, 2007 that he will be providing content for Comedy Central's website.[84] Daniel Geduld (everyonesvoice) now works in the voice-over business and he credits his discovery to his popular Skeletor remixes, which change an originally serious animation series into comedy.[85] An Internet celebrity is a person, who has achieved fame on the Internet. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Smosh is a video-creating duo that has established fame on YouTube that consists of friends Anthony Padilla and Ian Hecox. ... Brooke Brodack Brooke Allison Brookers Brodack (born April 7, 1986, in Putnam, Connecticut) is a viral video maker, believed to be the first performer to have been discovered on the YouTube website and offered a contract from the mainstream media. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... Carson Jones Daly (born June 22, 1973 in Santa Monica, California) is an American television personality. ... lonelygirl15 is an interactive web-based video series, centering on the life of a fictional teenage girl named Bree, whose YouTube username is the eponymous lonelygirl15. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Esmée Denters (born September 28, 1988 in Oosterbeek) is a Dutch singer. ... billymann (real name: William Isaiah Erlichman) is a songwriter and record producer. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Lisa Donovan is an American actress and writer. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... MADtv is an American sketch comedy television series based on the humor magazine, Mad. ... Terra Naomi is an Alternative, rock, and pop, artist, who rose to fame through a performance of her song Say Its Possible on the video sharing site YouTube. ... Island Records is an American record label, owned by Universal Music Group and is operated through The Island Def Jam Music Group. ... Universal Music Group (UMG) is the largest business group and family of record labels in the recording industry. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: it is patent nonsense. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Government Employees Insurance Company, usually known by the acronym GEICO, is an American auto insurance company. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... Warner Music Groups eLabel founded by Elektra & Nonesuch Records founder Jac Holzman. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Skeletor is a fictional character in the toy, cartoon, videogame, and comic book series Masters of the Universe (MOTU), where he is the arch-enemy of He-Man, and the main antagonist of MOTU. Proclaiming himself Overlord of Evil!, he is the greatest threat to present day Eternia. ...


YouTube celebrities

Main article: List of YouTube celebrities

A number of figures have grown to prominence and become Internet phenomena on the basis of their appearance in YouTube videos. These figures are sometimes referred to as "YouTube celebrities."[86][87][88] YouTube celebrities are those persons or groups who have grown to prominence and become Internet phenomena on the basis of their appearance in YouTube videos. ... An Internet phenomenon occurs when something becomes extremely popular, often quite suddenly, through the word-of-mouth and self-publishing made feasible by the Internet. ... YouTube celebrities are those persons or groups who have grown to prominence and become Internet phenomena on the basis of their appearance in YouTube videos. ...


Band and music promotion

YouTube has also become a means of promoting bands and their music. One such example is OK Go which got a huge radio hit and an MTV Video Music Awards performance out of the treadmill video for Here It Goes Again.[89][90] In the same light, a video broadcasting the Free Hugs Campaign with accompanying music by the Sick Puppies led to instant fame for both the band and the campaign, with more campaigns taking place in different parts of the world. The main character of the video, Juan Mann has also achieved fame, being interviewed on Australian news programs, even appearing on The Oprah Winfrey Show.[91] OK Go is a Grammy Award-winning rock band originally from Chicago, now residing in Los Angeles. ... The MTV Video Music Awards were established in 1984 by MTV to celebrate the top music videos of the year. ... A woman on a treadmill. ... Here It Goes Again is a power pop song by OK Go, and is the third released single (the fifth including radio-only singles) from the album Oh No. ... Juan Mann in the original Free Hugs video at the Pitt Street Mall, Sydney, Australia The Free Hugs Campaign is an Internet-spread phenomenon that appears to have begun in June, 2004,[1] and was widely publicized in 2006 by a music video on YouTube. ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... // The Free Hugs Campaign appears to have begun in 2004[1], and was widely publicized in 2006 by a music video. ... The Oprah Winfrey Show (also known as Oprah) is an American nationally syndicated talk show, hosted and produced by Oprah Winfrey and is the highest-rated talk show in American television history. ...


Sharing revenue with popular users

In May 2007, YouTube invited some of its most viewed users to become "YouTube Partners." This exclusive status, previously only offered to commercial content providers, allows users to earn revenue from advertisements placed next to videos.[92] Participants include Ben Going (boh3m3), Caitlin Hill (TheHill88), Paul Robinett (renetto), Lisa Donovan (LisaNova), Jessica Rose (lonelygirl15), Kevin Nalty (Nalts) Tony Huynh (thewinekone), Richard Stern (rickyste), Brandon Hardesty (ArtieTSMITW), and Yousef Abu-Taleb (Danielbeast), among the 100 partners.[93] This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Caitlin Hill (born September 8, 1988) is a YouTube personality under the name TheHill88. ... Paul Robinett is a YouTube celebrity better known under his YouTube username renetto. ... Lisa Donovan is an American actress and writer. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Kevin Nalty is a YouTube director better known under his YouTube username Nalts. ... Tony Huynh (thewinekone, thewinektwo, or TWK) is a Canadian YouTube comedian who lives in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Richard Stern, username rickyste on YouTube, is a former YouTube comedian and critic. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Yousef (Ang:Joseph) Abu-Taleb (Arabic: ) (born circa 1980) is an American actor of half-Arab, one-quarter English, and one-quarter white American heritage, who is perhaps best known for co-starring in the role of Daniel (Danielbeast) in the lonelygirl15 YouTube drama, alongside Jessica Lee Rose. ...


YouTube gatherings

YouTubers periodically hold public gatherings to celebrate the video sharing community. One of the earliest of such gatherings, the recurrent and international As One, was first held in January 2007 in Hollywood, California. The second As One, held on February 17, 2007 at Pier 39 in San Francisco, California, managed to attract many of YouTube's highest viewed individuals.[94] Notable attendees included: Caitlin Hill; Ben Going; smosh; Paul Robinett; and Yousef Abu-Taleb, the actor who plays DanielBeast in the YouTube serial lonelygirl15. A third gathering took place on July 7, 2007, at Washington Square Park in New York City. A singing invitation to the event, posted on YouTube by Christine Gambito, YouTube's HappySlip, gained over 2.6 million views.[95] Notable attendees included: Brooke Brodack; Caitlin Hill; Charles Trippy; wpgpeanut; and Kevin Nalty. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Sea lions on Pier 39 A musician performs at Pier 39. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Caitlin Hill (born September 8, 1988) is a YouTube personality under the name TheHill88. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Smosh is a video-creating duo that has established fame on YouTube that consists of friends Anthony Padilla and Ian Hecox. ... Paul Robinett is a YouTube celebrity better known under his YouTube username renetto. ... Yousef (Ang:Joseph) Abu-Taleb (Arabic: ) (born circa 1980) is an American actor of half-Arab, one-quarter English, and one-quarter white American heritage, who is perhaps best known for co-starring in the role of Daniel (Danielbeast) in the lonelygirl15 YouTube drama, alongside Jessica Lee Rose. ... lonelygirl15 in one of her video blogs. ... lonelygirl15 is an interactive web-based video series, centering on the life of a fictional teenage girl named Bree, whose YouTube username is the eponymous lonelygirl15. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Washington Square North. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Brooke Brodack Brooke Allison Brookers Brodack (born April 7, 1986, in Putnam, Connecticut) is a viral video maker, believed to be the first performer to have been discovered on the YouTube website and offered a contract from the mainstream media. ... Caitlin Hill (born September 8, 1988) is a YouTube personality under the name TheHill88. ... Kevin Nalty is a YouTube director better known under his YouTube username Nalts. ...


Video rankings

An example of a video with Honors

YouTube awards videos with honors, the most popular of which is "most viewed"[96] which consists of today, this week, this month and all time. Honors include: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

  • Most Viewed
  • Top Rated
  • Most Discussed
  • Top Favorites
  • Most Linked
  • Recently Featured
  • Most Responded

YouTube Video Awards

Starting in 2006, YouTube has presented the annual YouTube Video Awards. Categories include "'most adorable' video ever" and "most creative." YouTube nominates the contenders, and users decide the winners. Only original, user created videos are nominated. Nominees for the 2006 awards included Peter Oakley (geriatric1927), LonelyGirl15, thewinekone, Renetto and Chad Vader.[97][98] Peter Oakley(born August 1927) is a pensioner from England. ... lonelygirl15 is an interactive web-based video series, centering on the life of a fictional teenage girl named Bree, whose YouTube username is the eponymous lonelygirl15. ... Tony Huynh (thewinekone, thewinektwo, or TWK) is a Canadian YouTube comedian who lives in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Renetto, is a popular YouTube personality created and played by Paul Robinett. ... Chad Vader is a fan film series by Blame Society Productions that has gained popularity on the Internet, particularly through viewings on YouTube. ...


2006 Awards:[99]

  • Most Creative - Here It Goes Again OK Go
  • Best Comedy - Smosh Short 2: Stranded Smosh
  • Best Commentary - Hotness Prevails thewinekone
  • Best Series - Ask A Ninja digtalfilmmaker
  • Best Music Video - Say It's Possible Terra Naomi
  • Most Inspirational - Free Hugs Campaign PeaceOnEarth123
  • Most Adorable - Kiwi Madyeti47

OK Go is a Grammy Award-winning rock band originally from Chicago, now residing in Los Angeles. ... Smosh is a video-creating duo that has established fame on YouTube that consists of friends Anthony Padilla and Ian Hecox. ... Tony Huynh (thewinekone, thewinektwo, or TWK) is a Canadian YouTube comedian who lives in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Ask A Ninja opening title screenshot Ask A Ninja is an award-winning[1] series of comedy videos about the image of ninjas in popular culture available in podcast and vodcast form, as well as in mov and wmv file formats. ... Terra Naomi is an Alternative, rock, and pop, artist, who rose to fame through a performance of her song Say Its Possible on the video sharing site YouTube. ... Juan Mann in the original Free Hugs video at the Pitt Street Mall, Sydney, Australia The Free Hugs Campaign is an Internet-spread phenomenon that appears to have begun in June, 2004,[1] and was widely publicized in 2006 by a music video on YouTube. ...

See also

Alternative media are defined most broadly as those media practices falling outside the mainstreams of corporate communication. ... The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of video hosts. ... An Internet phenomenon occurs when something becomes extremely popular, often quite suddenly, through the word-of-mouth and self-publishing made feasible by the Internet. ... User-generated content (UGC), also known as Consumer Generated Media or User-created Content (UCC) [1], refers to various kinds of media content that are produced by end-users, (as opposed to traditional media producers such as professional writers, publishers, journalists, licensed broadcasters and production companies). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

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USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... CBS News is the news division of American television and radio network CBS. Its current president is Sean McManus who is also head of CBS Sports. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Sunday Times is a Sunday broadsheet newspaper distributed in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, published by Times Newspapers Ltd, a subsidiary of News International which is in turn owned by News Corporation. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... For the Wikipedia guideline, see Wikipedia:Reliable sources. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Wired is a full-color monthly magazine and on-line periodical published in San Francisco, California since March 1993. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London, UK. It has been in continuous publication since September 1843. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pron. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pron. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... MSNBC, a combination of MSN and NBC, is a 24-hour cable news channel in the United States and Canada, and a news website. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

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