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Encyclopedia > York County, South Carolina

York County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of 2000, the population is 164,614. Its county seat is York.6 Image File history File links Public domain map courtesy of The General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin, modified to show counties. ... Originally, in continental Europe, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count. ... A U.S. state is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 40th 82,965 km² 320 km 420 km 6 32°430N to 35°12N 78°030W to 83°20W Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 26th 4,012... This article is about the year 2000. ... A county seat is an administrative center for a county. ... York is a city located in York County, South Carolina. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ...

Contents


Geography

York County is located in north central South Carolina, bordered by North Carolina to the north, Chester County to the south, Lancaster County to the east, and Cherokee and Union Counties to the west. Its natural boundaries are the Broad River on the west and the Catawba River on the east. All of York County is within the piedmont region. Although heavily wooded in many rural areas and retaining a predominantly rural character in its western half, York County is considered part of the greater Charlotte metropolitan region and includes Rock Hill, the county’s largest city, as well as the smaller towns of Fort Mill and Tega Cay, and increasing residential development along Lake Wylie. Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 40th 82,965 km² 320 km 420 km 6 32°430N to 35°12N 78°030W to 83°20W Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 26th 4,012... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 28th 139,509 km² 805 km 240 km 9. ... Chester County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Lancaster County, South Carolina - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Cherokee County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Union County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... The Broad River is a river in North and South Carolina, United States. ... The Catawba River is a tributary of the Wateree River, approximately 220 mi (354 km) long, in the U.S. states of North Carolina and South Carolina. ... The James River winds its way among piedmont hills in central Virginia. ... The Charlotte metropolitan area, formally known as the Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill CMSA, is composed of seven counties in North Carolina and one county in South Carolina, though six other counties in North Carolina and two in South Carolina are also considered part of the region. ... Rock Hill is a city located in York County, South Carolina and a suburb of the city of Charlotte, North Carolina. ... Fort Mill is a town located in York County, South Carolina and a suburb of the city of Charlotte, North Carolina. ... Tega Cay is a city located in York County, South Carolina. ... Development has meaning in several contexts: Science and Engineering Biological development of embryos in the context of developmental biology Child development (physical emphasis) or post-natal human development (pediatrics, etc) Software engineering, the methodology and process of development of computer software Technology development in industry, as in Software development New... Lake Wylie is a census-designated place located in York County, South Carolina. ...


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,802 km² (696 mi²). 1,768 km² (682 mi²) of it is land and 34 km² (13 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.91% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ...


History

Pre-Colonial and Colonial History


Hernando de Soto passed through the area in the 1540s in his search for gold, and several decades later Juan Pardo entered what is now York County and recorded his observation of a predominant Native American tribe, later confirmed to be the Catawba, in the vicinity of present-day Fort Mill, on the eastern bank of the Catawba River. A band of Siouan speakers with a population of nearly 6,000 at the time of first European contact, the Catawba were primarily agriculturalists who gave much support to their new neighbors. Hernando de Soto Hernando de Sotò (born 1496? in Spain, died 21 May 1542, probably on a branch of the Mississippi river near present-day Lake City, Arkansas) was a Spanish navigator and conquistador. ... Events and Trends 1541 Hernando de Soto is the first European to see the Mississippi River. ... It has been suggested that Gold bar be merged into this article or section. ... Joara was a large Native American settlement located in what is now Burke County, North Carolina. ... An Atsina named Assiniboin Boy Native Americans in the United States (also Indians, American Indians, First Americans, Indigenous Peoples, Aboriginal Peoples, Aboriginal Americans, Amerindians, Amerinds, or Original Americans) are those indigenous peoples within the territory that is now encompassed by the continental United States, and their descendants in modern times. ... Pre-contact distribution of the Catawba The Catawba (also known as Issa or Esaw) are a tribe of Native Americans, once considered one of the most powerful eastern Siouan tribes, that traditionally lived in the Southeast United States, along the border between North and South Carolina. ... Fort Mill is a town located in York County, South Carolina and a suburb of the city of Charlotte, North Carolina. ... The Catawba River is a tributary of the Wateree River, approximately 220 mi (354 km) long, in the U.S. states of North Carolina and South Carolina. ... This article is about the continent. ...


The colony of South Carolina was founded in 1670, and it was divided into three counties 12 years later. Craven County, which roughly encompassed the northern half of South Carolina, included the southern half present-day York County, while the top portion of present-day York County was considered part of North Carolina. In politics and in history, a colony is a territory under the immediate political control of a geographically-distant state (or city, in ancient times). ... 1670 was a common year beginning on a Saturday in countries using the Julian calendar and a Wednesday in countries using the Gregorian calendar. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 28th 139,509 km² 805 km 240 km 9. ...


Before the boundary between the two Carolinas was fixed in 1772, the northern portion was part of Bladen County, North Carolina, and in 1750 it was included in the newly created Anson County; the first land grants and deeds for the region were issued in Anson County. In 1762 Mecklenburg County, was formed from western Anson County and included present-day northern York County. Five years later, the area became part of Tryon County, which comprised all of North Carolina west of the Catawba River and south of Rowan County. The area would remain a part of Tryon County until 1772, when the boundary between North and South Carolina was finally established. 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Bladen County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Events March 2 - Small earthquake in London, England April 4 - Small earthquake in Warrington, England August 23 - Small earthquake in Spalding, England September 30 - Small earthquake in Northampton, England November 16 – Westminster Bridge officially opened Jonas Hanway is the first Englishman to use an umbrella James Gray reveals her sex... Anson County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Mecklenburg County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Tryon County is a former county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 28th 139,509 km² 805 km 240 km 9. ... Rowan County is the name of several counties in the United States: Rowan County, Kentucky Rowan County, North Carolina This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


The first European settlers in the Carolina piedmont, or traditionally called the Upcountry, were Scots-Irish Presbyterians. Rising rent and land prices in Pennsylvania drove them southward down the Great Wagon Road, and they began arriving in the greater region west of the Catawba River during the 1740s and settled in present-day York County in the 1750s. The Upstate is the region in northwestern South Carolina, also known as the The Upcountry. ... Ulster-Scots is a term mainly used in Ireland and Britain (Scotch-Irish or Scots-Irishis commonly used in North America) primarily to refer to Presbyterian Scots, or their descendents, who migrated from the Scottish Lowlands to Ulster (the northern province of Ireland), largely across the 17th century. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 33rd 119,283 km² 255 km 455 km 2. ... Events and Trends The War of Austrian Succession (1740-1748) rages. ... Events and Trends Scientific navigation is developed The Seven Years War (1756-1763) fought between two rival alliances: the first consisting of the Kingdom of Great Britain, Hanover, and Prussia; the second consisting of Austria, France, Imperial Russia, Saxony, and Sweden. ...


The New Acquisition


After its transfer to South Carolina in 1772, the much of the area was known as the New Acquisition. In 1785, York County was one of the original counties in the newly created South Carolina, and its boundaries remained unchanged until 1897, when a small portion of the northwestern corner of the county was ceded to the newly-formed Cherokee County. 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 40th 82,965 km² 320 km 420 km 6 32°430N to 35°12N 78°030W to 83°20W Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 26th 4,012... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Cherokee County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ...


By 1780, the Carolina Upcountry had an estimated population of more than 250,000, predominantly Scots-Irish Presbyterians, with significant numbers of English, Welsh, native Irish, native Scots, Swiss, French and Germans. The Scots-Irish settled in a dispersed community pattern denoted by communal, clannish, family-related groups known as "clachans", much the same as in Pennsylvania and Ulster, Northern Ireland. The clachans developed around the Presbyterian Kirks, or meetinghouses, and became the forerunners of the congregations. In York County, the "Four B" churches, all Presbyterian—- Bethel, Bethesda, Beersheba and Bullock Creek—- are the county’s oldest. 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


Sandwiched between unfriendly natives to the west, Cherokee, Shawnee and Creek Native American tribes, and indifference on the part of English officials in Charleston, who considered residents of the Backcountry uncivilized, the early settlers frequently found themselves the targets of Native American raids, and the local militia became an early police force, patrolling the area for possible Native American or slave troubles and controlling the seemingly numerous outlaw bands which roamed the region. Militia units, or "Beat Companies", enrolled every able-bodied man on the frontier. For other uses, see Cherokee (disambiguation). ... The Shawnee, or Shawano, are a people native to North America. ... The Creeks are an American Indian people originally from the southeastern United States, also known by their original name Muscogee (or Muskogee), the name they use to identify themselves today. ... This article is about the city in South Carolina. ... A militia is a group of citizens organized to provide paramilitary service. ... The Buxton Memorial Fountain, celebrating the emancipation of slaves in the British Empire in 1834, London. ...


Revolutionary War


Residents of the Upcountry were initially slow to take sides in the Revolutionary War, content to remain neutral as long as left unmolested; the conflict was initially viewed as one between the British Crown and Charleston plutocrats. The New Acquisition entered into vocal opposition to Royal authority in 1780 only after three "invasions" of the region: the first by Banastre Tarleton and his "Green Dragoons", and two more by Lord Cornwallis. Most of the state had capitulated to the British after their apture of Charleston, but after the Waxhaw Massacre in nearby Lancaster County in May 1780, residents of the New Acquisition took part in a regional resistance, led by men such as William "Billy" Hill, William Bratton and Samuel Watson. Both the battles of Huck’s Defeat and Kings Mountain, a direct response to the Waxhaw Massacre, were fought in the New Acquisition, and Lord Cornwallis was forced northward, and ultimately to surrender at Yorktown, after facing defeat in the Carolina Upcountry. The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the monarch and head of state of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories, and is the source of all executive, judicial and (as the Queen_in_Parliament) legislative power. ... A plutocracy is a government system where wealth is the principal basis of power (from the Greek ploutos meaning wealth). ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Lieutenant-Colonel Banastre Tarleton by Sir Joshua Reynolds Sir Banastre Tarleton, Bt (August 21, 1754–January 25, 1833) was a British soldier and politician. ... Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis (December 31, 1738-October 5, 1805) was a British general and colonial governor. ... This article may contain original research or unverified claims. ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The [[Battle of Kings Mountain]], October 7, 1780, was an important rebel victory in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. ... Combatants Britain United States France Commanders Charles Cornwallis George Washington Comte de Rochambeau Strength 7,500 8,845 Americans 7,800 French Casualties 156 killed 326 wounded 7,018 captured Americans: 20 killed, 56 wounded French: 52 killed, 134 wounded {{{notes}}} The Battle of Yorktown (1781) was a victory by...


Early York County


After playing a significant role in the defeat of the British, Upcountry residents enjoyed a greater share of administration in their region and experienced phenomenal growth after the war. In first United States census, in 1790, York County had a population of 6,604; 923 were listed as slaves, and a quarter of the county’s slaves belonged to just nine men. Less than 15% of its population lived in bondage in 1790, while the state averaged 30%. 1880 US Census of Hoboken, New Jersey The United States Census is mandated by the United States Constitution. ... 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Establishment of the County Seat


A county seat was laid out in 1786 at Fergus's Cross Roads, where several roads converged near the geographic center of the county. The new town was first known as the village of York, or more commonly York Court House. In 1841, the town was incorporated and officially became Yorkville. In 1823 its population, as recorded by Robert Mills, was 441 and included 292 whites and 149 blacks. By 1840 the population had reached 600, and in 1850 Yorkville was comprised of 93 dwellings and 617 inhabitants. In the years just prior to the Civil War, the town gained a reputation as a summer resort for many Lowcountry planters trying to escape the malarial swamps of the Lowcountry for the moderate climate to be found in the Upstate. By 1860, the population of the town had topped 1,300, an increase of more than 125% in only one decade. During the Civil War, the town also became a focal point for residents from the Lowcountry as a refugee destination during Federal occupation of their towns. 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Geography Physical map of the Earth ( Medium) ( Large 2 MB) Geography is the study of locational and spatial variation in natural and human phenomena on Earth. ... take you to calendar). ... York is a city located in York County, South Carolina. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Robert Mills (1781 - 1855) is sometimes called the first native born American to become a professional architect; Charles Bulfinch perhaps has a clearer claim to this honor. ... The American Civil War (1861–1865) was a civil war between the United States of America, called the Union, and the Confederate States of America, a new country formed by eleven Southern states that declared their independence and claimed the right of secession from the Union. ... A resort is a place used for relaxation or recreation. ... Red blood cell infected with Malaria, derived from mala aria (Italian: bad air) and formerly called ague or marsh fever in English, is an infectious disease which causes about 350-500 million infections with humans and approximately 1. ... A freshwater swamp This article is about the wetland type (a landform). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Belligerent military occupation, occurs when one nations military garrisons occupy all or part of the territory of another nation or recognized belligerent during an invasion (during or after a war). ...


Antebellum York County and the Civil War


With the introduction of the cotton gin in the 1790s, the county's economic prospects increased as the importance of "King Cotton" grew, and slavery become an integral part of the economy. In 1800, 25% of all white families in the Upcountry owned slaves, but by 1820 nearly 40% were slaveholders. Slave ownership increased significantly in York County between 1800 and 1860, though most slaves worked on small and medium sized farms rather than large plantations. In 1800, whites made up 82.10% of the total population in York County, but by 1860 the white percentage of the total population had dropped to 62.50%. Figures from 1860 reveal slave holdings in York County were relatively small, with approximately 70% of all farms holding fewer than 10 slaves and less than 3% of the farms with 50 or more. The cotton gin is a machine invented by American inventor Eli Whitney in 1793 to mechanize the production of cotton fiber. ... Events and Trends French Revolution ( 1789 - 1799). ... Cotton From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. ...


The proportion of York District farms in 1860 was:

  • less than 50 acres (0.2 km²): 20 %
  • 51 to 100 acres (0.2 to 0.4 km²): 23.9 %
  • 101 to 500 acres (0.4 to 2 km²): 53.9 %
  • more than 500 acres (2 km²): 2.7 %

In 1810 the York District had increased in population to more than 10,000, of which over 3,000 were slaves. By 1850, York District included 15,000 residents, over 40% of whom were slaves. On the eve of the Civil War, the county's population had grown to approximately 21,500, with almost 1/2 of the population enslaved labor. York County was heavily tied to agriculture, with 93% of the work force involved in raising crops in 1850, while the rest of the United States averaged a 78% agricultural work force.


In 1825 only three post offices operated in all of York County, at Yorkville, Blairsville and Hopewell. By 1852, however, York District had 27 post offices. The county's first newspaper, The Yorkville Pioneer, was established in 1823, and ran for little more than a year, and was followed by several others until The Yorkville Enquirer, which remains in publication today, was begun in 1855. Chartered in 1848, the Kings Mountain Railroad Company began construction of a connecting line between Yorkville and the Charlotte and South Carolina Railway at Chester completed in 1852. Rock Hill, located on the Charlotte and South Carolina, rapidly developed as a transportation center in eastern York County, from a crossroads with 100 residents in 1860. More than a dozen academies were operating in the county at the outbreak of the Civil War. The most famous was the Kings Mountain Military Academy in Yorkville, founded in 1854 by Micah Jenkins and Asbury Coward. On the eve of the Civil War, York District was one of the more populated districts in Upstate South Carolina. The 1860 white male population of York County was just over 5,500. 14 infantry companies formed in York County after war was declared, and during the war the York District would have the highest death rate of any county in South Carolina. Only one minor battle was fought in the York District, the battle for the Catawba Bridge at Nation’s Ford in 1865. 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Rock Hill is a city located in York County, South Carolina and a suburb of the city of Charlotte, North Carolina. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1854 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The American Civil War (1861–1865) was a civil war between the United States of America, called the Union, and the Confederate States of America, a new country formed by eleven Southern states that declared their independence and claimed the right of secession from the Union. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme, First World War. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ...


Postbellum York County and early industrialization


Reconstruction brought changes to established agricultural patterns. Many of York County's larger property owners were forced to sell off portions of their land to smaller farmers; the size of the average farm in York County dropped considerably while the number of small farming operations increased. Late-19th century agriculture in York County was characterized by relatively small farm operations and an ignorance of soil qualities and the benefits of diversification, which eventually led to the agricultural difficulties of the 1890s and 1920s and 1930s. Railroad development continued in York County after the war’s end, and in 1880 the Rock Hill Cotton Factory, the first steam-powered cotton factory in South Carolina, ushered in a new era of agricultural expansion and industrial development. The Rock Hill Buggy Company, founded by John Gary Anderson, eventually grew to become the highly successful Anderson Motor Company, the first automobile manufacturing facility in the South. Concurrently, Rock Hill’s population increased from 809 to over 5,500 from 1880 to 1895. In United States history, reconstruction was the period after the American Civil War when the states of the breakaway Confederacy were reintegrated into the United States of America. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Polyculture is agriculture using multiple crops in the same space, in imitation of the diversity of natural ecosystems, and avoiding large stands of single crops, or monoculture. ... The 1890s were sometimes referred to as the Mauve Decade, because William Henry Perkins aniline dye allowed the widespread use of that colour in fashion, and also as the Gay Nineties, under the then-current usage of the word gay which referred simply to merriment and frivolity, with no... Referred to as the Jazz Age or primarily in North America and in Australia as the Roaring Twenties . In Europe it is sometimes refered to as the Golden Twenties. ... // Events and trends A public speech by Benito Mussolini, founder of the Fascist movement The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the global depression. ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A steam engine is a heat engine that makes use of the potential energy that exists as pressure in steam, converting it to mechanical work. ...


20th century


Cotton production remained the dominant agriculture in early 20th century York County, and the textile industry continued to develop. Rock Hill became the hub of this industry, while mills blossomed throughout the county. South Carolina's peak cotton crop was harvested in 1921 and thereafter, cotton production began a long and steady decline, due in part to the boll weevil and soil erosion. The New Deal programs of the 1930s prodded farmers into switching to crops, and cotton gradually became less and less important to the economy. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... A textile is any type of material made from fibers or other extended linear materials such as thread or yarn (1). ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Binomial name Anthonomus grandis Boheman, 1843 The boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis) is a beetle measuring an average length of six millimeters (¼ inch). ... Severe soil erosion in a wheat field near Washington State University, USA. Erosion is the displacement of solids (soil, mud, rock, and so forth) by the agents of wind, water, ice, or movement in response to gravity. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: New Deal The New Deal is the name given to the series of programs implemented under president Franklin Delano Roosevelt with the goal of stabilizing, reforming and stimulating the United States economy during the Great Depression. ... // Events and trends A public speech by Benito Mussolini, founder of the Fascist movement The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the global depression. ...


In 1904 the Catawba Dam and Power Plant was completed. The Catawba Power Company had been founded in 1899 by William C. Whitner, Dr. Gill Wylie and his brother Robert Wylie. Construction began in 1900 and when finally completed, the dam and power plant were one of the most important engineering accomplishments in the southeastern United States. The venture eventually led to the formation of Duke Power Company, and a later series of dams and hydroelectric facilities were built on the Catawba in both North and South Carolina. The Catawba Power Plant sparked the industrialization of the Catawba Valley; by 1911 more than a million textile spindles were powered by it. 1904 (MCMIV) is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1900 (MCM) is a common year starting on Monday. ... Scrivener Dam, in Canberra, Australia, was engineered to withstand a once-in-5000-years flood event A dam is a barrier across flowing water that obstructs, directs or retards the flow, often creating a reservoir, lake or impoundment. ... Hydroelectricity, or hydroelectric power, is a form of hydropower, (i. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ...


By the late 20th century, York County faced increasing developmental pressure from Charlotte and the decline of small-scale farming; however, much of York County remains rural in character.


Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 164,614 people, 61,051 households, and 44,933 families residing in the county. The population density is 93/km² (241/mi²). There are 66,061 housing units at an average density of 37/km² (97/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 77.25% White, 19.16% Black or African American, 0.85% Native American, 0.89% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.93% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. 1.96% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There are 61,051 households out of which 35.40% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.10% are married couples living together, 13.30% have a female householder with no husband present, and 26.40% are non-families. 21.30% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.90% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.63 and the average family size is 3.05. To meet Wikipedias quality standards and appeal to a wider international audience, this article may require cleanup. ...


In the county, the population is spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 10.40% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.20 males.


The median income for a household in the county is $44,539, and the median income for a family is $51,815. Males have a median income of $36,713 versus $24,857 for females. The per capita income for the county is $20,536. 10.00% of the population and 7.30% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 12.10% of those under the age of 18 and 9.60% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Education

York County has four public school districts. District One serves central and western York County, including the town of York; District Two serves northern York County and the town of Clover; District Three serves the City of Rock Hill and southern York County; District Four serves eastern York County and the town of Fort Mill.


York County is the home of York Technical College, Clinton Junior College, and Winthrop University, all located in Rock Hill. Winthrop University (formerly Winthrop College) is an American public, four-year liberal arts college in Rock Hill, South Carolina, within the greater Metrolina area. ...


Cities and towns

Clover is a town located in York County, South Carolina. ... Fort Mill is a town located in York County, South Carolina and a suburb of the city of Charlotte, North Carolina. ... Hickory Grove is a town located in York County, South Carolina. ... India Hook is a census-designated place located in York County, South Carolina. ... Lake Wylie is a census-designated place located in York County, South Carolina. ... Lesslie is a census-designated place located in York County, South Carolina. ... McConnells is a town located in York County, South Carolina. ... Newport is a census-designated place located in York County, South Carolina. ... Riverview is a census-designated place located in York County, South Carolina. ... Rock Hill is a city located in York County, South Carolina and a suburb of the city of Charlotte, North Carolina. ... Sharon is a town located in York County, South Carolina. ... Smyrna is a town located in South Carolina. ... Tega Cay is a city located in York County, South Carolina. ... York is a city located in York County, South Carolina. ...

External links

  • York County government official website



Flag of South Carolina

State of South Carolina
Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Carolina. ... A U.S. state is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 40th 82,965 km² 320 km 420 km 6 32°430N to 35°12N 78°030W to 83°20W Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 26th 4,012...

Capital

Columbia This is a list of United States state capitals: See also List of current and former capital cities within the United States List of capitals of subnational entities Reference http://www. ...

Regions

Capital City/Lake Murray Country | Grand Strand | Historic Charleston | Midlands | Old 96 District | Olde English District | Pee Dee | Santee Cooper Country | South Carolina Low Country | Metrolina | Thoroughbred Country | The Upstate This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... Lake Murray Country is a large area of South Carolina, USA; the region is approximately 78 acres of water and 50,000 acres of land. ... The Grand Strand is a popular tourist destination in the eastern portion of the U.S. state of South Carolina. ... Charleston, South Carolinas Oldest City Charleston is an American city located in Charleston County, South Carolina. ... The Midlands roughly refers to an area in the middle of South_Carolina, including but not limited to: Calhoun, Fairfield, Kershaw, Lexington, Orangeburg, Richland and Sumter counties. ... Old 96 District now a popular tourist destination was ruled by the Cherokee Indians. ... The Olde English District is a region of South Carolina encompassing Camden, Chester, Clover, Fort Mill, Kershaw, Lake Wylie, Lancaster, Rock Hill, Woodruff, and York counties. ... The Pee Dee region of South Carolina is the northeastern corner of the state. ... Santee Cooper Country refers to the area in south central South Carolina surrounding the Santee Cooper Lakes. ... The South Carolina Low Country is a term used to describe the states coastal counties, generally south of Charleston. ... The Charlotte metropolitan area, formally known as the Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill CMSA, is composed of seven counties in North Carolina and one county in South Carolina, though six other counties in North Carolina and two in South Carolina are also considered part of the region. ... The Upcountry is the region in northwestern South Carolina. ...

Counties

Abbeville | Aiken | Allendale | Anderson | Bamberg | Barnwell | Beaufort | Berkeley | Calhoun | Charleston | Cherokee | Chester | Chesterfield | Clarendon | Colleton | Darlington | Dillon | Dorchester | Edgefield | Fairfield | Florence | Georgetown | Greenville | Greenwood | Hampton | Horry | Jasper | Kershaw | Lancaster | Laurens | Lee | Lexington | Marion | Marlboro | McCormick | Newberry | Oconee | Orangeburg | Pickens | Richland | Saluda | Spartanburg | Sumter | Union | Williamsburg | York List of South Carolina counties Categories: Lists of U.S. counties | South Carolina counties ... Abbeville County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Aiken County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Allendale County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Anderson County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Bamberg County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Barnwell County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Beaufort County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Berkeley County is a county in the state of South Carolina. ... Calhoun County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Charleston County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Cherokee County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Chester County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Chesterfield County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Clarendon County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Colleton County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Darlington County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Dillon County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Dorchester County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Edgefield County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Fairfield County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Florence County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Georgetown County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Greenville County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Greenwood County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Hampton County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Horry County (pronouced ORR-EEE) is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Jasper County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Kershaw County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Lancaster County, South Carolina - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Laurens County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Lee County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Lexington County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Marion County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Marlboro County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... McCormick County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Newberry County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Oconee County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Orangeburg County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Pickens County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Richland County (IPA: ) is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Saluda County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Spartanburg County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Sumter County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Union County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Location in the state of South Carolina Formed 1871 Seat Kingstree Area  - Total  - Water 2,427 km² (937 mi²) 8 km² (3 mi²) 0. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
York County, South Carolina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2270 words)
York County is located in north central South Carolina, bordered by North Carolina to the north, Chester County to the south, Lancaster County to the east, and Cherokee and Union Counties to the west.
In 1785, York County was one of the original counties in the newly created South Carolina, and its boundaries remained unchanged until 1897, when a small portion of the northwestern corner of the county was ceded to the newly-formed Cherokee County.
Late-19th century agriculture in York County was characterized by relatively small farm operations and an ignorance of soil qualities and the benefits of diversification, which eventually led to the agricultural difficulties of the 1890s and 1920s and 1930s.
York, South Carolina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1023 words)
The town of York was originally known as Fergus’s Crossroads for a tavern, owned by two brothers, William and John Fergus, that was located at the intersection of the road from Rutherfordton to Camden and the road from Charlottesburg (Charlotte) to Augusta.
The present York County Courthouse was completed in 1914 and an annex was built in 1955, which completes the present structure, the fourth courthouse to occupy the site.
In 1976, as a part of the National Bicentennial, dowtown York was designated a Historic District on the National Register of Historic Places, one of the largest historic districts in the state, consisting of 340 acres and containing over 180 historic structures and landmarks.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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