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Encyclopedia > York, South Carolina

York is a city located in York County, South Carolina. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 6,985. It is the county seat of York County6. York County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A county seat is a town which is the capital of a county. ... York County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Shortcut: {{GR|#}} {{Cite:GR|#}} The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ...

Contents


Geography

Location of York, South Carolina

York is located at 34°59'41" North, 81°14'22" West (34.994673, -81.239420)1. Image File history File links Adapted from Wikipedias SC county maps by Seth Ilys. ... Shortcut: {{GR|#}} {{Cite:GR|#}} The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.6 km² (7.9 mi²). 20.4 km² (7.9 mi²) of it is land and 0.2 km² (0.1 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.88% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ...


History

The town of York was originally known as Fergus’s Crossroads for a tavern, owned by two brothers, William and John Fergus, that was located at the intersection of the road from Rutherfordton to Camden and the road from Charlottesburg (Charlotte) to Augusta. When the county of York was established in 1785, the state statute required each county to erect a courthouse and public buildings in the most convenient part of the county, with a tax levied to cover the cost of "building the court houses, prisons, pillories, whipping posts and stocks." Fergus’s Crossroads was near the geographic center of the newly formed county and was chosen for the site of the new county seat. A tavern is, loosely, a place of business where people gather to drink alcoholic beverages and, more than likely, also be served food, though not licenced to put up guests. ... Rutherfordton is a town located in Rutherford County, North Carolina. ... For other places or people named Charlotte, see Charlotte (disambiguation). ... The seal of the City of Augusta Augusta is a city located in the state of Georgia. ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1823 there were 451 people living in Yorkville, 292 white and 159 black, with 80 houses in the town, eight stores, five taverns, one male academy and one female academy, and a printing office. The town could boast 52 mechanics, eight lawyers, two physicians and one clergyman. 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Yorkville was officially incorporated on December 7, 1841. W.I. Clawson was the first mayor, and Stanhope Sadler, F.M. Galbraith, T.H. Simril and B. T. Wheeler were wardens. The population was about 800. Over the next two decades, before the outbreak of the Civil War, Yorkville's population swelled to 2,000. In 1860, a gas works was installed on West Liberty Street, below the old county jail; Yorkville was the first town in the Upcountry with gas lighting. December 7 is the 341st day (342nd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Warden is a town situated in the Free State Province of South Africa on the N3 highway between Johannesburg and Durban. ... The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly-formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Gas lighting is the process of burning piped natural gas or coal gas for illumination. ...


In 1853, Lewis Grist bought his father's newspaper and changed the name to the Yorkville Enquirer, which is still published weekly.


In 1915 the residents of the town voted to shorten its name to York. 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Early Churches


The first church established in York was the Independent Presbyterian Church, in 1813, which was dissolved in 1864. The oldest denomination still in existence is the Trinity Methodist Church, organized in 1824. The First Presbyterian Church was organized in 1842, the Episcopal Church of the Good Shepherd in 1852, the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church in 1853, the First Baptist Church in 1866, the Divine Saviour Catholic Church in 1938, and the Abiding Presence Lutheran Church in 1957. Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The word episcopal is derived from the Greek επισκοπος epískopos, which literally means overseer; the word, however, is used in religious contexts to refer to a bishop. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church is a small denomination, an offshoot of Presbyterianism, begun in 1733. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Baptist churches are part of a Christian movement often regarded as an Evangelical, Protestant denomination. ... 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. ... 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Antebellum Education


Private academies operated on and off during Yorkville's early years. In 1854, the Yorkville Female Academy was established on East Jefferson Street. The next year, Micah Jenkins and Asbury Coward, young Citadel graduates, established the King's Mountain Military Academy. It was closed during the Civil War, during which Jenkins was killed, but Coward returned to Yorkville and reopened the school. The original buildings no longer stand, but it became the site of the Episcopal Church Home for Children, an orphanage located for many years in York, which is today a treatment center for emotionally disturbed children named York Place. A Cadet color guard at a Friday afternoon parade. ...


Historic Structures

The Rose Hotel was built in 1852, by Dr. E.A. Crenshaw and was referred to in the Lowcountry as one of the most palatial hotels in the Upcountry. Today it has been restored and completely renovated as apartments.


The Gothic Revival First Presbyterian Church was designed in 1846 by Robert Walker, a noted architect from Charleston, but construction wasn’t begun until several years later and wasn’t completed until after the Civil War. A gallery originally lined three sides of the sanctuary, part of it remains as a rear balcony, and the chancel originally featured a single uplifted pulpit that was converted in 1949 to a divided chancel and choir loft. The building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and the American Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Sites. Victoria Tower at the Palace of Westminster, London: Gothic details provided by A.W.N. Pugin The Gothic revival was a European architectural movement with origins in mid-18th century England. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... City Flag Charleston is a city in Charleston County in the U.S. state of South Carolina. ... This article is about an architectural feature; for the astronomical term see apsis. ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... The National Register of Historic Places is the USAs official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects worthy of preservation. ...


The present York County Courthouse was completed in 1914 and an annex was built in 1955, which completes the present structure, the fourth courthouse to occupy the site. The third courthouse, which was torn down in 1912 to make way for the present one, was designed by Robert Mills, the architect of the Washington Monument and the U.S. Treasury Building, as well as many other courthouses in South Carolina. 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ... Robert Mills (1781 - 1855) was the first native born American to become a professional architect. ... Washington Monument The Washington Monument is a large white-colored obelisk in the center of the National Mall in Washington, D.C., built as a memorial to George Washington, the first President of the United States and the leader of the revolutionary Continental Army, which won independence from the British... The United States Department of the Treasury is a Cabinet department, a treasury, of the United States government established by an Act of U.S. Congress in 1789 to manage the revenue of the United States government. ...


In 1976, as a part of the National Bicentennial, dowtown York was designated a Historic District on the National Register of Historic Places, one of the largest historic districts in the state, consisting of 340 acres and containing over 180 historic structures and landmarks. 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Categories: Stub ...


Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 6,985 people, 2,536 households, and 1,787 families residing in the city. The population density is 342.7/km² (887.6/mi²). There are 2,766 housing units at an average density of 135.7/km² (351.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 54.43% White, 40.31% African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 3.65% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 5.01% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Shortcut: {{GR|#}} {{Cite:GR|#}} The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There are 2,536 households out of which 33.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% are married couples living together, 25.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% are non-families. 25.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.2% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.65 and the average family size is 3.13. Marriage is a relationship and bond between individuals that plays a key role in the definition of many families. ...


In the city the population is spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females there are 86.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 79.8 males.


The median income for a household in the city is $30,564, and the median income for a family is $34,253. Males have a median income of $31,646 versus $20,290 for females. The per capita income for the city is $14,218. 17.0% of the population and 17.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 23.6% of those under the age of 18 and 13.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the number of people. ... The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...

See also: other Yorks

York is the name of a number of places around the world. ...

External links

  • Maps and aerial photos

  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: York County, South Carolina (6302 words)
York County is located in north central South Carolina, bordered by North Carolina to the north, Chester County to the south, Lancaster County to the east, and Cherokee and Union Counties to the west.
In 1785, York County was one of the original counties in the newly created South Carolina, and its boundaries remained unchanged until 1897, when a small portion of the northwestern corner of the county was ceded to the newly-formed Cherokee County.
Late-19th century agriculture in York County was characterized by relatively small farm operations and an ignorance of soil qualities and the benefits of diversification, which eventually led to the agricultural difficulties of the 1890s and 1920s and 1930s.
York, South Carolina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1013 words)
York is a city located in York County, South Carolina.
The town of York was originally known as Fergus’s Crossroads for a tavern, owned by two brothers, William and John Fergus, that was located at the intersection of the road from Rutherfordton to Camden and the road from Charlottesburg (Charlotte) to Augusta.
In 1976, as a part of the National Bicentennial, dowtown York was designated a Historic District on the National Register of Historic Places, one of the largest historic districts in the state, consisting of 340 acres and containing over 180 historic structures and landmarks.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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