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Encyclopedia > Yokohama, Kanagawa
Yokohama (横浜)
Country Japan
Region Kanto
Prefecture Kanagawa
Area 437.35km²
Population 3,573,588
as of June, 2005
Density 8171
Mayor Hiroshi Nakada
City symbols Tree   Camellia,Chinquapin,Sangoju
Sasanqua,Ginkgo,Zelkova
Flower   Rose
Yokohama City Hall
Address 〒231-0017
 Yokohama-shi, Naka-ku, Minato-cho 1-1
Phone 045-671-2121 
External link Yokohama City 
Latitude &
Longitude
35°26' N
139°38' E
Notes  
Japan's tallest building, the Landmark Tower, is in the Minato Mirai 21 district of Yokohama.
Japan's tallest building, the Landmark Tower, is in the Minato Mirai 21 district of Yokohama.
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Yokohama (Japanese: 横浜市; -shi) is the capital city of Kanagawa Prefecture in Japan. It is Japan's largest incorporated city by area, Japan's largest seaport, and a commercial hub of the Greater Tokyo Area. Kanto region, Japan The Kanto region (関東地方 Kantō-chihō) is a geographical area of Honshu, the largest island in Japan. ... Kanagawa Prefecture (神奈川県; Kanagawa-ken) is a geographic and political area located in the Kanto region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Species About 100–250, including: Camellia assimilis Camellia brevistyla Camellia caudata Camellia chekiangoleosa Camellia chrysantha – Golden Camellia Camellia connata Camellia crapnelliana Camellia cuspidata Camellia euryoides Camellia forrestii Camellia fraterna Camellia furfuracea Camellia granthamiana Camellia grijsii Camellia honkongensis Camellia irrawadiensis Camellia japonica – Japanese Camellia Camellia kissii Camellia lutchuensis Camellia miyagii Camellia... Binomial name Ginkgo biloba L. The Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba), also known as the Maidenhair tree, is a unique tree with no close living relatives. ... Species Zelkova abelicea - Cretan Zelkova Zelkova carpinifolia - Caucasian Zelkova Zelkova serrata - Keaki or Japanese Zelkova Zelkova sicula - Sicilian Zelkova Zelkova sinica - Chinese Zelkova Zelkova schneideriana - Schneiders Zelkova Zelkova is a genus of six species of deciduous trees in the elm family Ulmaceae, native to southern Europe, and southwest and... Species About 100, see text A rose is a flowering shrub of the genus Rosa and the flower of this shrub. ... A symbol of Yokohama-shi(Kanagawa,Japan) This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... A map of Yokohama(Kanagawa,Japan) File links The following pages link to this file: Yokohama, Kanagawa Categories: GFDL images ... Minato Mirai 21. ... Minato Mirai 21. ... The Landmark Tower, in the Minato Mirai 21 district of Yokohama. ... Minato Mirai 21, with the Landmark Tower on the left Minato Mirai 21 (みなとみらい21) is a large urban development in Yokohama, Japan. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Kanagawa Prefecture (神奈川県; Kanagawa-ken) is a geographic and political area located in the Kanto region on Honshu island, Japan. ... This article is about the Japanese municipality system. ... Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ... The Greater Tokyo Area (東京都市圏 Tōkyō-toshiken), also the Tokyo-Yokohama area, is a large metropolitan area in Japan consisting of the prefectures of Tokyo, Chiba, Kanagawa and Saitama. ...

Contents


History

Yokohama was a small fishing village up to the end of the Edo period, a time when Japan conducted very little trade with foreign countries. In 1854, Commodore Matthew Perry arrived just south of Yokohama with a fleet of American warships, and forced Japan to open several ports for commerce. Yokohama was designated as a foreign port instead of Kanagawa, which the Tokugawa shogunate feared was too close to the Tokaido, a strategic highway connecting Edo to Nagoya, Kyoto, and Osaka. History of Japan Paleolithic Jomon Yayoi Yamato period ---Kofun period ---Asuka period Nara period Heian period Kamakura period Muromachi period Azuchi-Momoyama period ---Nanban period Edo period Meiji period Taisho period Showa period ---Japanese expansionism ---Occupied Japan ---Post-Occupation Japan Heisei The Edo period (江戸時代) is a division of Japanese... 1854 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Photograph of Perry Matthew Calbraith Perry (April 10, 1794 – March 4, 1858) was the Commodore of the U.S. Navy who forced the opening of Japan to the West with the Convention of Kanagawa in 1854, under the threat of military force. ... The Tokugawa shogunate or Tokugawa bakufu (徳川幕府) (also known as the Edo bakufu) was a feudal military dictatorship of Japan established in 1603 by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns of the Tokugawa family until 1868. ... Tōkaidō (東海道) (literally, East Sea Route) is the name of several things: National Route 1, which links Tokyo and Osaka; The Tokaido Main Line, which links Tokyo and Kobe; One of the Edo Five Routes, which linked Edo (now Tokyo) and Kyoto along the shore (see below); and An ancient... Edo (Japanese: 江戸, literally: bay-door, estuary), once also spelled Yedo or Yeddo, is the former name of the Japanese capital Tokyo. ... Nagoya Castle Nagoya (名古屋市; -shi) is the fourth largest (third largest metropolitan region) and the third most prosperous city in Japan. ... This page is about the city Kyoto. ... Osaka Castle (ÅŒsaka-jō) Location in Japan Osaka Aquarium (Kaiyukan) Osaka railway station The Osaka Tower (TsÅ«tenkaku) Osaka City   listen? (大阪市; ÅŒsaka-shi) is the third-largest city in Japan, with a population of 2. ...


The Port of Yokohama was opened in 1859 and quickly became the base of most foreign trade in Japan. Foreigners occupied a district of the city called 'Kannai' ("inside the barrier"), which was surrounded by a moat. Many individuals crossed the moat, causing a number of problems. The Namamugi Incident, one of the events that preceded the downfall of the shogunate, took place in what is now Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama in 1862. Ernest Satow wrote about the incident in his A Diplomat in Japan. 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... The moated manor house of Baddesley Clinton in Warwickshire, England Moats were deep and wide water-filled trenches, to provide a barrier against attack upon castle ramparts or other fortifications. ... The Namamugi Incident, as depicted in a 19th century Japanese woodcut print. ... Sir Ernest Mason Satow, G.C.M.G., P.C. (1843-1929), a British scholar-diplomat born to an ethnically German father (Hans David Christoph Satow, born in Swedish-occupied Wismar, naturalised British in 1846) and an English mother (Margaret, nee Mason) in Clapton, North London, and educated at Mill...

Landing of Commodore Perry, officers & men of the squadron, to meet the Imperial commissioners at Yoku-Hama (Yokohama?) July 14th 1853. Lithograph by Sarony & Co., 1855, after W. Heine.
Landing of Commodore Perry, officers & men of the squadron, to meet the Imperial commissioners at Yoku-Hama (Yokohama?) July 14th 1853. Lithograph by Sarony & Co., 1855, after W. Heine.

After the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the port was developed for trading silk. Japan's first railway was constructed in 1872 to connect Yokohama to Tokyo, allowing zaibatsu firms to use the port for importing raw materials bound for factories in the growing Keihin Industrial Area. The growth of Japanese industry brought affluence to Yokohama, and many wealthy trading families constructed sprawling residences there. Until more commerce was carried out directly in Tokyo, Yokohama was known as the most international city in Japan. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Meiji Restoration (明治維新; Meiji Ishin), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution or Renewal, was a chain of events that led to a change in Japans political and social structure. ... 1868 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Silk weaver Silk is a natural protein fiber that can be woven into textiles. ... 1872 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Zaibatsu (Japanese: 財閥, lit. ... The modern skyline of Tokyo is highly decentralized. ...


Much of Yokohama was destroyed in the Great Kanto Earthquake, and the city was firebombed by U.S. aircraft during World War II. During the American occupation, Yokohama was a major transshipment base for American supplies and personnel, especially during the Korean War. After the occupation, most local U.S. naval activity moved from Yokohama to an American base in neighboring Yokosuka. Great Kanto Earthquake The Great Kanto Earthquake (関東大震災 Kantō daishinsai) struck the Kanto plain on the Japanese main island of Honshu at 11:58 on the morning of September 1, 1923. ... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th-century conflict that engulfed much of the globe... // Surrender Japan surrendered to the Allies on August 14, 1945, when Emperor Hirohito accepted the terms of the Potsdam Declaration. ... The Korean War (Korean: 한국전쟁/韓國戰爭), from June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953, was a conflict between North Korea and South Korea. ... A view of Yokosuka City, from Verny Park. ...


The city was officially incorporated on April 1, 1889, and designated by government ordinance on September 1, 1956. April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... A city designated by government ordinance, or Government Ordinance City (政令指定都市 seirei shitei toshi or 政令市 seirei shi) is a city of Japan that has a population greater than 500,000 and important economic and industrial functions, and that is considered a major city in Japan. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... 1956 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Geography

Landmarks of Yokohama
Landmarks of Yokohama

Yokohama is located on a peninsula facing the western side of Tokyo Bay, 30 kilometers (18 miles) from Tokyo, to which it is connected by a half-dozen railway lines as well as expressways and surface streets. Although the city is largely a bedroom community for people commuting to Tokyo, it also has a strong local economic base, especially in the shipping, biotechnology, and semiconductor industries. Nissan will move its headquarters to Yokohama from Chuo-ku, Tokyo, by 2010. From msc. ... From msc. ... Tokyo Bay from space, October 1993 Map of Tokyo Bay, 1917 Tokyo Bay (東京湾; Tōkyō-wan) is a bay in the southern Kanto region 「関東地方」of Japan, surrounded by the Boso Peninsula 「房総半島」(Chiba Prefecture「千葉県」) and the Miura Peninsula「三浦半島」 (Kanagawa Prefecture「神奈川県」). The ports of Tokyo「東京」, Chiba... The modern skyline of Tokyo is highly decentralized. ... A bedroom community is a town or city that is primarily residential in character, with most of its residents commuting to a nearby town or city to earn their livelihood. ... Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ... Derka semiconductor is a material with an electrical conductance that is intermediate between that of an insulator and a conductor. ... Nissan Motor Co. ... Chūō (中央区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... The modern skyline of Tokyo is highly decentralized. ... 2010 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Sightseeing spots in Yokohama include the port area (Yamashita Park, Minato Mirai 21, and Chinatown), the Yamate area (foreigners' cemetery and harbour view park), and Sankeien, a garden in the Japanese style. The Isezakicho and Noge areas offer many colourful shops and bars and, with their restaurants and stores catering to residents from China, Thailand, South Korea, and other countries, have an increasingly international flavour. The ramen museum and the curry museum are other interesting spots recently opened in Yokohama. Minato Mirai 21, with the Landmark Tower on the left Minato Mirai 21 (みなとみらい21) is a large urban development in Yokohama, Japan. ... 山手 is the kanji for Yamate. ... Sankeien (三溪園) is a Japanese-style garden in Yokohama, Japan, which opened in 1906. ... A spacious Japanese garden:Hosokawa Gyobu Tei, near Kumamoto Castle Japanese gardens (Kanji 日本庭園, nihon teien) in the tradition of Japan can be found at private homes, in neighborhood or city parks, at Buddhist temples or Shinto shrines, and at historical landmarks such as old castles. ... The Shin-Yokohama Ramen Museum (新横浜ラーメン博物館) is the worlds first food amusement park located in Shin-Yokohama, Japan. ... The Curry museum, set in Yokohama, Japan, is a resturaunt and historic museum of the different styles of curry in Japan. ...


Yokohama is the home of the Yokohama BayStars, a Central League baseball team, and the Yokohama F Marinos, a J. League soccer team. The final game of the 2002 World Cup was played in Yokohama International Sports Stadium. The Yokohama BayStars (横浜ベイスターズ) is a professional baseball team in Japans Central League. ... See also: Central League (football) The Central League (セントラル・リーグ Sentoraru Riigu) is one of Japans two major professional baseball leagues (the other is the Pacific League). ... Baseball is popular in the Americas and East Asia. ... Yokohama F.Marinos is a Japanese football team which participates in the professional J. League. ... The J. League (in Japanese: Jリーグ, Officially 日本プロサッカーリーグ) is the top professional football league in Japan. ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... The 2002 Football World Cup (Official name:2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japanâ„¢) was held in South Korea and Japan from May 31 to June 30. ... The International Stadium of Yokohama (Japanese: 横浜国際総合競技場; Yokohama Kokusai Sougou Kyougijou) has 73,237 seats, and was inaugurated in March 1998. ...


Wards

During the Korean War, the United States Navy used Yokohama's port as a transshipment base. This ship departed Yokohama in 1951, carrying war dead home to the U.S.
During the Korean War, the United States Navy used Yokohama's port as a transshipment base. This ship departed Yokohama in 1951, carrying war dead home to the U.S.


Yokohama has 18 wards (ku): USS Randall leaves Yokohama, March 11, 1951, carrying the first American war dead of the Korean War home to the United States. ... USS Randall leaves Yokohama, March 11, 1951, carrying the first American war dead of the Korean War home to the United States. ... The Korean War (Korean: 한국전쟁/韓國戰爭), from June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953, was a conflict between North Korea and South Korea. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... A ku (区), translated as ward, is a district in a large Japanese city. ...

  • Aoba-ku (青葉区)
  • Asahi-ku (旭区)
  • Hodogaya-ku (保土ヶ谷区)
  • Isogo-ku (磯子区)
  • Izumi-ku (泉区)
  • Kanagawa-ku (神奈川区)
  • Kanazawa-ku (金沢区)
  • Kohoku-ku (港北区)
  • Konan-ku (港南区)
  • Midori-ku (緑区)
  • Minami-ku (南区)
  • Naka-ku (中区)
  • Nishi-ku (西区)
  • Sakae-ku (栄区)
  • Seya-ku (瀬谷区)
  • Totsuka-ku (戸塚区)
  • Tsurumi-ku (鶴見区)
  • Tsuzuki-ku (都筑区)

Isogo (Japanese: 磯子区; -ku) is one of 18 wards of Yokohama, a city in Kanagawa, Japan. ... Kanazawa-ku (Japanese:金沢区;-ku) is a ward located in the southernmost part of Yokohama-shi (Japanese:横浜市;-shi), newly established from Isogo-ku in May, 1948. ... Naka-ku (中区) is one of the 18 wards of the city of Yokohama in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. ... Tsuzuki (都筑区; -ku) is a ward of Yokohama, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. ...

Demographics

As of October 1, 2004, the city has an estimated population of 3,555,473 and the density of 8,174 persons per km². The total area is 434.98 km². October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...

Map of Tokyo Bay, 1917, showing Yokohama

Map of Tokyo Bay, 1917 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Map of Tokyo Bay, 1917 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ...

Yokohama in fiction

Yokohama during the 1860s was the setting of James Clavell's final novel, Gai-Jin. Events and trends Italian unification under King Victor Emmanuel II. Wars for expansion and national unity continue until the incorporation of the Papal States (March 17, 1861 - September 20, 1870). ... James Clavell (Charles Edmund DuMaresq de Clavelle) (October 10, 1924 - September 7, 1994) was a novelist and screenwriter, famous for books such as Shogun and films such as The Great Escape and To Sir, with Love. ... Gai-Jin (Japanese 外人, Foreigner) is a 1993 novel by James Clavell, chronologically the third book in his Asian Saga. ...


In Shadow Hearts 2, one of the towns/cities you visit is circa 1915 Yokohama. Shadow Hearts 2 (or Shadow Hearts: Covenant) is a game developed by Sacnoth and Nautilus, and published by Midway. ...


Yu Miri's novel Gold Rush (1998; English translation 2002) is set in and around the Kogane-cho area of central Yokohama. Yu Miri (柳美里 Yū Miri; born June 22, 1968) is a Korean-Japanese playwright, novelist, and essayist. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The manga series Yokohama Kaidashi Kikō written and drawn by Hitoshi Ashinano (芦奈野ひとし) features several scenes set in a post-ecodisaster Yokohama. Yokohama Kaidashi Kikō (ヨコハマ買い出し紀行) is a monthly Japanese manga series. ... Hitoshi Ashinano (芦奈野ひとし Ashinano Hitoshi) is the author of the manga Yokohama Kaidashi Kikou (ヨコハマ買い出し紀行), a long running manga in Kodanshas monthly anthology Afternoon. ...

A view from the 65th floor of the Yokohama Landmark Tower showing the wedge-shaped Shin-Yokohama Prince hotel and the Pacifico Yokohama convention centre to its left.
A view from the 65th floor of the Yokohama Landmark Tower showing the wedge-shaped Shin-Yokohama Prince hotel and the Pacifico Yokohama convention centre to its left.

ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 330 KB) Summary View from the viewing platform of the Yokohama Landmark Tower. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 330 KB) Summary View from the viewing platform of the Yokohama Landmark Tower. ... The Landmark Tower, in the Minato Mirai 21 district of Yokohama. ...

See also

The foreign cemeteries (gaijin bochi) in Japan are chiefly located in Tokyo and at the former treaty ports of Nagasaki, Kobe, Yokohama, and Hakodate. ...

External links

  • Official website in English
  • Naka Ward Office in English
  • Wikitravel: Yokohama
  Kanagawa Prefecture Symbol of Kanagawa Prefecture
Cities
Atsugi | Ayase | Chigasaki | Ebina | Fujisawa | Hadano | Hiratsuka | Isehara | Kamakura | Kawasaki | Minamiashigara | Miura | Odawara | Sagamihara | Yamato | Yokohama (capital) | Yokosuka | Zama | Zushi
Districts
Aiko | Ashigarakami | Ashigarashimo | Koza | Miura | Naka | Tsukui
  See also: Towns and villages by district edit
Prefectures of Japan Flag of Japan
Aichi | Akita | Aomori | Chiba | Ehime | Fukui | Fukuoka | Fukushima | Gifu | Gunma | Hiroshima | Hokkaido | Hyogo | Ibaraki | Ishikawa | Iwate | Kagawa | Kagoshima | Kanagawa | Kochi | Kumamoto | Kyoto | Mie | Miyagi | Miyazaki | Nagano | Nagasaki | Nara | Niigata | Oita | Okayama | Okinawa | Osaka | Saga | Saitama | Shiga | Shimane | Shizuoka | Tochigi | Tokushima | Tokyo | Tottori | Toyama | Wakayama | Yamagata | Yamaguchi | Yamanashi
Regions of Japan
Hokkaido | Tohoku | Kanto | Chubu (Hokuriku - Koshinetsu - Tokai) | Kansai | Chugoku | Shikoku | Kyushu
Major Cities
23 wards of Tokyo | Chiba | Fukuoka | Hiroshima | Kawasaki | Kitakyushu | Kobe | Kyoto | Nagoya | Osaka | Saitama | Sapporo | Sendai | Yokohama

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kanagawa Prefecture: Information from Answers.com (613 words)
Yokohama, the largest deep-water port in Tokyo Bay, was opened to foreign traders in 1859 after several more years of foreign pressure, and eventually developed into the largest trading port in Japan.
Yokohama, Kawasaki and other major cities were heavily damaged by the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923 and U.S. bombing in 1945.
Kanagawa is a relatively small prefecture wedged between Tokyo on the north, the foothills of Mount Fuji on the northwest, and the Pacific Ocean and Tokyo Bay on the south and east.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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