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Encyclopedia > Yogyakarta (city)
Special Region of Yogyakarta
Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
Image:Yogya Symbol.jpg
Motto: -
Coordinate {{{coordinate}}}
Capital Yogyakarta
Governor Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X
Area 3,185.80 km²
Population 3,121,000 (2003)
Densities {{{densities}}}
Ethnic groups Javanese (97%)
Religion Islam, Christianity, Hindu, Buddhism
Languages Javanese, Indonesian
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Web site http://www.jogja.go.id

Yogyakarta (also Jogjakarta in pre-1972 spelling or Jogja) is a city and province on the island of Java, Indonesia. It is the only province in Indonesia that is still formally governed by a precolonial Sultanate, the Sultanate of Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat. The city is known as a center of classical Javanese fine art and culture such as batik, ballet, drama, music, poetry and puppet shows. It is also famous as a center for Indonesian higher education. The official name of the Yogyakarta province is Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY). The city of Yogyakarta is the capital of the province. A motto is a phrase or a short list of words meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group or organization. ... map of province of Indonesia (Color of Yogyakarta has been tweaked from green to red to improve contrast. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... A governor is a governing official, usually the executive (at least nominally, to different degrees also politically and administratively) of a non-sovereign level of government, ranking under the head of state; furthermore the title applies to officials with a similar mandate as representatives of a chartered company which has... The present Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, was inaugurated on October 3, 1998 as the Governor of Yogyakarta Special Region upon a request of the people of Yogyakarta. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... The approximately 90 million Javanese form the largest ethnic group in Indonesia. ... Islam(Arabic: ; ) is a monotheistic religion based on the Quran. ... Christianity is a monotheistic religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus as recounted in the New Testament. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... Buddhism is a religion and philosophy focusing on the teachings of the Buddha Śākyamuni (Siddhārtha Gautama), who probably lived in the 5th century BCE. Buddhism spread throughout the ancient Indian sub-continent in the five centuries following the Buddhas death, and propagated into Central, Southeast, and East Asia... The Javanese language is the spoken language of the people in the central and eastern part of the island of Java, in Indonesia. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... In Indonesia, the keeping of standard time is divided into three time zones: Indonesian Western Standard Time (Indonesian: Waktu Indonesia Barat/WIB) (UTC+7) WIB is observed in islands of Sumatra, Java, provinces of West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan Indonesian Central Standard Time (Waktu Indonesia Tengah/WITA) (UTC+8) WITA... UTC+7 is used in: Laos Thailand Cambodia Vietnam External links Find cities currently in UTC+7 Category: ... Night view of Taipei City. ... This article is about political regions. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... This article is about political regions. ... A sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... The approximately 90 million Javanese form the largest ethnic group in Indonesia. ... A batik painting depicting two Indian women. ...

Contents


Geography

Yogyakarta is located in south-central Java. It is surrounded by the province of Central Java (Jawa Tengah) and the Indian Ocean in the south. The city is located at 7°47′S 110°22′E. The population of DIY in 2003 was approximately 3,000,000. Map of Central Java province within Indonesia Central Java (Indonesian: Jawa Tengah) is a province of Indonesia. ...


The province of Yogyakarta has a total area of 3,185.80 sq kilometres. It is subdivided into four regencies (kabupaten) and one city (previously it was called kotamadya, now it is called kota), as follows: This article is about political regions. ...

  • Kota Yogyakarta (32.5 sq kilometres)
  • Kabupaten Sleman (574.82 sq kilometres)
  • Kabupaten Bantul (506.86 sq kilometres)
  • Kabupaten Gunung Kidul (1,485.36 sq kilometres)
  • Kabupaten Kulon Progo (586.27 sq kilometres)

Yogyakarta has the second-smallest area of the provinces in Indonesia, after the Jakarta Capital Region. However it has, with adjacent areas in Central Java, some of the most concentrated population densities [ that is population per square kilometre ] of Java. Bantul is the name of a regency and a town located in the province of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. ... Motto: Jaya Raya (Indonesian): Prosper and Great Founded 22 June 1527 Governor Sutiyoso Area 661. ...


History

The Yogyakarta Sultanate, formally the Sultanate of Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat, was formed in 1755 when the existing Sultanate of Mataram was divided by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in two under the Treaty of Giyanti. This treaty states that the Sultanate of Mataram was to be divided into the Sultanate of Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat with Yogyakarta as the capital and Mangkubumi who became Sultan Hamengkubuwono I as its Sultan and the Sultanate of Surakarta Hadiningrat with Surakarta as the capital and Pakubuwono III who was the ruler of the Sultanate of Mataram as its Sultan. The Sultan Hamengkubuwono I spent the next 37 years building the new capital, with the Kraton as the centerpiece and the court at Surakarta as the blueprint model. By the time he died in 1792, his territory exceeded Surakarta's. Yogyakarta Sultanate or Kesultanan Yogyakarta is a monarchy in the province of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. ... A sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic monarch ruling under the terms of shariah. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Mataram was the last major independent Javanese empire on Java before the island was colonized by the Dutch. ... Dutch colonial possessions, with the Dutch East India Company possessions marked in a paler green, surrounding the Indian Ocean plus Saint Helena in the mid-Atlantic. ... Mataram was the last major independent Javanese empire on Java before the island was colonized by the Dutch. ... Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I, who was born as Raden Mas Sujana, was brother of Mataram king, Pakubuwono II of Surakarta. ... The city of Solo, formally known as Surakarta, 65 kilometers (40 miles) northeast of Yogyakarta and slightly further southeast of Semarang in Java, Indonesia, was a center of power during the Mataram Kingdom. ...


The ruler Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX (April 12, 1912 - 1988) held a degree from the Dutch Leiden University, and held for a time the largely ceremonial position of Vice-President of Indonesia, in recognition of his status, as well as Minister of Finance and Minister of Defense. Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX was born in Sompilan, Ngasem, Yogyakarta in 12 April 1912. ... Leiden University in the city of Leiden, is the oldest university in the Netherlands. ...


In support of Indonesia declaring independence from the Dutch and Japanese occupation, in September 5, 1945, Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya and Sri Paku Alam VIII in Yogya declared their sultanates to be part of the Republic of Indonesia. In return for this unfailing support, a law was passed in 1950, in which Yogyakarta was granted the status of province Daerah Istimewa (Special Region Province), with special status that recognizes the power of the Sultan in his own region's domestic affairs. Hence Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX was appointed as the governor for life. During the Indonesian war of independence against the Dutch after World War II (1945-1950), the capital of the newly-declared Indonesian republic was temporarily moved to Yogyakarta when the Dutch reoccupied Jakarta from January 1946 until August 1950. Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX was born in Sompilan, Ngasem, Yogyakarta in 12 April 1912. ... ... This article is about political regions. ... This article describes the events that led to Indonesian independence from the Netherlands in the late 1940s. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Motto: Jaya Raya (Indonesian): Prosper and Great Founded 22 June 1527 Governor Sutiyoso Area 661. ...


The current ruler of Yogyakarta is his son, Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, who holds a law degree from Universitas Gadjah Mada. Upon the elder sultan's death, the position of governor, according to the agreement with Indonesia, was to pass to his heir. However, the central government at that time insisted on an election. In 1998, Sultan Hamengkubuwono X was elected as governor by the provincial house of representatives (DPRD) of Yogyakarta, defying the will of the central government. He remains the only governor in Java without a military background: "I may be a sultan," he has been quoted in Asia Week as saying, "but is it not possible for me to also be a democrat?" [1] However, many sides have negative opinion about the position of Sultan in ruling the Special Region as governor. First, it degrades him from being the holy, infallible and revered Sultan, as governor deals with politics and social matters that may not be all things for all people. Secondly, unconsciously it will revert back to the old system of feudalism when a Sultan, without any election, is automatically appointed to hold an administrative position of power (as a governor), within the republic state system adopted by Indonesia.[neutrality disputed] The present Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, was inaugurated on October 3, 1998 as the Governor of Yogyakarta Special Region upon a request of the people of Yogyakarta. ... Universitas Gadjah Mada (Gadjah Mada University or UGM) is the biggest university in Indonesia in terms of student population. ...


See also List of Governors of Yogyakarta See also Yogyakarta Sultanate List of Gouvernors of Yogyakarta Special Region ... Yogyakarta Sultanate or Kesultanan Yogyakarta is a monarchy in the province of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. ...


The city

The kraton's main pavilion
The kraton's main pavilion
Water palace
Water palace

At Yogyakarta's center is the kraton, or Sultan's palace. Surrounding the kraton is a densely-populated residential neighborhood that occupies land that was formerly the Sultan's sole domain; evidence of this former use remains in the form of old walls and the ruined "Water Castle" (Tamansari), built in 1758 as a pleasure garden. No longer used by the sultan, the garden had been largely abandoned, and was used for housing by palace employees and descendants. Reconstruction efforts began in 2004, and an effort to renew the neighborhood around the kraton has begun. The site is a developing tourist attraction. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1183x1725, 199 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Yogyakarta ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1183x1725, 199 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Yogyakarta ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (920x1632, 94 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Yogyakarta ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (920x1632, 94 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Yogyakarta ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


While the city sprawls in all directions from the kraton, the core of the modern city is to the north, site of a few buildings with distinctive Dutch colonial-era architecture, and the contemporary commercial district.


Jalan Malioboro, with rows of sidewalk vendors and nearby market and malls, is the primary shopping street for tourists in the city, while Jalan Solo, further north, is a shopping district more frequented by locals. The Marlboro signs on Jalan Malioboro Jalan Malioboro (Malioboro Street) is a major shopping street in Yogyakarta, Indonesia; the name is also used more generally for the neighborhood around the street. ...


At the southern end of Malioboro, on the east side is the large local market of Beringharjo, not far from Fort Vredeburg a restored Dutch fort. Entrance to Fort Vredeburg Fort Vredeburg is a fortress built by the Dutch in Yogyakarta during the colonial era. ...


The city is divided into 14 districts (kecamatan). 1. Gondokusuman 2. Jetis 3. Tegalrejo 4. Umbulharjo 5. Kotagede 6. Mergangsan 7. Ngampilan 8. Danurejan 9. Kraton 10. Wirobrajan 11. Pakualaman 12. Mantrijeron 13. Gedongtengen 14. Gondomanan


Arts and culture

Yogyakarta is known for its silver work, leather puppets used for shadow plays (wayang kulit), and a unique style of making batik dyed fabric. It is also known for its vivid contemporary art scene. Yogyakarta is also known for its gamelan music, including the unique style Gamelan Yogyakarta, which developed in the courts. Wayang is an Indonesian word for theater. ... A batik painting depicting two Indian women. ... Saron - Indonesian Embassy in Canberra A gamelan is a kind of musical ensemble of Indonesian origin typically featuring metallophones, xylophones, drums, and gongs. ...


Yogyakarta has signed a sister city agreement with Kyoto, Japan, and a sister state agreement with California, United States. Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm Town twinning or sister cities is a concept where towns or cities from geographically and politically distinct areas are paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Kyoto Hall Mayor Yorikane Masumoto Address 〒604-8571 Kyoto-shi, Nakagyo-ku, Teramachi-Oike, 488 Phone number 075-222-3111 Official website: Kyoto City This page is about the city Kyoto. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq. ...


Education

The site of several major universities, Yogyakarta is widely recognized as an educational city. The north of the province is home to Gadjah Mada University, one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in Indonesia. Other famous universities in Yogyakarta are Indonesian Institute of the Arts - Yogyakarta, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Universitas Sanata Dharma, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional "Veteran" Yogyakarta, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta, and Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana. Universitas Gadjah Mada (Gadjah Mada University or UGM) is the biggest university in Indonesia in terms of student population. ... // History Indonesian Institute of Arts or known as Institut Seni Indonesia (ISI) Yogyakarta is a state owned college in Yogyakarta. ... History Faculties There are six faculties in UNY. Faculty Of Mathematics and Natural Science Faculty of Language and Art Faculty of Engineering Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences Faculty of Education Faculty of Sport Science UNY also has many graduate programs. ... Universitas Sanata Dharma or Sanata Dharma University is a Catholic university in Yogyakarta. ... The Atma Jaya University, Yogyakarta is a University in Yogyakarta, Java, Indonesia, which is affiliated with the Atma Jaya University in Jakarta. ...


Recreation

The City contains an extensive aquarium, containing one of the largest shark tanks in the world, with a walk-through tunnel. It is situated in a recreational complex which also contains athletic, games-playing and aquatic facilities, and a fun-fair which, while not of the first rank,[neutrality disputed] is well patronised.


Museums

Due to the importance of Yogyakarta during the war of independence from the Dutch, there are numerous memorials and museums. Yogya Kembali, and Fort Vredeburg are two major museums of about 11 named in the city.


To the east of the town centre is a large air-force museum; as Indonesia was for a period in the Soviet sphere of influence this museum contains a number of vintage Russian aircraft not widely available for inspection. The collection includes examples of the Mig 15 trainer (NATO designation Mongol), MiG 17 (Fresco), MiG 19 (Farmer), Mig 21 (Fishbed) and Tu16 (Badger), together with an assortment of American and British aircraft.


Transportation

Yogyakarta's airport is Adisucipto International Airport. The city is located on one of the two major railway lines across Java between Jakarta/Bandung and Surabaya. It has two passenger railway stations, Tugu is the major intercity station. The other is Lempuyangan. As tourism airport in Java, this airport is developed to have bigger aeroplanes inside which until now has the problem that there is limited land and the environment around it. ... Motto: Jaya Raya (Indonesian): Prosper and Great Founded 22 June 1527 Governor Sutiyoso Area 661. ... Bandung is also the name of a Malaysian drink. ... Surabaya (formerly Soerabaja) is Indonesias second-largest city, and the capital of the province of East Java. ...


The city has an extensive system of public city buses, and is a major destination for inter-city buses to elsewhere on Java or Bali, as well as taxis, andong, and becak. Motorbikes are by far the most commonly-used personal transportation, but an increasing number of residents own automobiles. Bali is an Indonesian island located at , , one of the Lesser Sunda Islands. ... A motorcycle (or motorbike) is a two-wheeled vehicle powered by an engine. ...


Health facilities

The major hospitals in Yogyakarta include Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat (RSUP) Dr Sardjito Yogyakarta - Dr. Sardjito Hospital, Bethesda Hospital Yogyakarta, and Panti Rapih Hospital. Bethesda Hospital is the oldest hospital in Yogyakarta city. ... Panti Rapih Hospital is one of the biggest private hospitals in Yogyakarta. ...


2006 Earthquake

 This article documents a current event.
Information may change rapidly as the event progresses.
Main article: 2006 Java earthquake

The province of Yogyakarta bore the brunt of a 6.3-magnitude earthquake on 27 May 2006 which killed 5,427 people and left some 1,700 persons injured. More than 13,000 houses are damaged. 200,000 are homeless. (source: http://iys.cidi.org/disaster/ins.06e27/) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... To suggest a relevant news story for the Main Page, refer to the criteria then add your suggestion at the candidates page. ... The 2006 Java earthquake occurred at 05:54 local time on 27 May 2006 (22:54 GMT 26 May), in the Indian Ocean around 25 km (15 miles) south-southwest of the Indonesian city of Yogyakarta, on the southern side of the island of Java (), 17. ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The earthquake extensively damaged the local region of Bantul, and its surrounding hinterland. The most significant number of deaths occurred in this region. The Royal Graveyard of Imogiri had extensive damage, and has been closed.


The coincidence of the recent eruption of Gunung Merapi, and the earthquake would not be lost on the older and more superstitious Javanese - as such natural phenonomena are given considerable import within their understanding of the spiritual aspect of such events.


References

  • Department of Tourism, Post and Telecommunication Regional Office For Yogyakarta Special Region. (1997) Guide To Yogyakarta. Yogyakarta: Department of Tourism, Post and Telecommunication.
  • Ricklefs, M.C. (2001) A history of modern Indonesia since c.1200 (3rd ed.). Stanford: Stanford University Press. pp. 126-139, 269-271. IBN 0-8047-4480-7

External links

Yogyakarta travel guide from Wikitravel Coordinates: -7.783333° N 110.366667° E Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which is aligned with the spin axis of the Earth. ...

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Provinces of Indonesia
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Sumatra (Sumatera)
Aceh | North Sumatra (Sumatera Utara) | West Sumatra (Sumatera Barat) | Bengkulu | Riau | Riau Islands (Kepulauan Riau) | Jambi | South Sumatra (Sumatera Selatan) | Lampung | Bangka-Belitung
Java (Jawa)
Jakarta | West Java (Jawa Barat) | Banten | Central Java (Jawa Tengah) | Yogyakarta | East Java (Jawa Timur)
Kalimantan
West Kalimantan (Kalimantan Barat) | Central Kalimantan (Kalimantan Tengah) | South Kalimantan (Kalimantan Selatan) | East Kalimantan (Kalimantan Timur)
The Lesser Sunda Islands (Nusa Tenggara)
Bali | West Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Barat) | East Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Timur)
Sulawesi
West Sulawesi (Sulawesi Barat) | North Sulawesi (Sulawesi Utara) | Central Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tengah) | South Sulawesi (Sulawesi Selatan) | South East Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tenggara) | Gorontalo
The Maluku Islands and New Guinea (Irian)
Maluku | North Maluku (Maluku Utara) | West Irian Jaya (Irian Jaya Barat) | Papua

 
 

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