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Encyclopedia > Yogyakarta
Special Region of Yogyakarta
Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
Image:Yogya Symbol.jpg
Motto: Tut Wuri Handayani
Capital Yogyakarta (city)
Governor Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X
Area 3,185.80 km²
Population 3,121,000 (2003)
Ethnic groups Javanese (97%)
Religion Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism
Languages Javanese, Indonesian
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Web site www.pemda-diy.go.id

The Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY), is a province of Indonesia on the island of Java. It is the only province in Indonesia that is still formally governed by a precolonial Sultanate, the Sultanate of Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat. Yogyakarta is commonly pronounced and often spelled Jogjakarta (IPA /ʤogʤəkartə/). Image File history File links Yogya_Symbol. ... A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... map of province of Indonesia (Color of Yogyakarta has been tweaked from green to red to improve contrast. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ... Yogyakarta (also Jogjakarta in pre-1972 spelling or Jogja) is a city and province on the island of Java, Indonesia. ... Are you kidding?, this is solid truth here, nothing escapes the eyes of Gov!!!, not even. ... The present Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, was inaugurated on October 3, 1998 as the Governor of Yogyakarta Special Region upon a request of the people of Yogyakarta. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Javanese is a term used to describe a native of the Indonesian island of Java. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the Quran, its principal scripture, whose followers, known as Muslims (مسلم), believe God (Arabic: الله ) sent through revelations to Muhammad. ... This article is becoming very long. ... {{Hinduism small} Hinduism (Sanskrit/Devanagari: , , also known as , ) is a religion that originated on the Indian subcontinent. ... Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion, a philosophy, and a life-enhancing system of psychology. ... The Javanese language is the spoken language of the people in the central and eastern part of the island of Java, in Indonesia. ... In Indonesia, the keeping of standard time is divided into three time zones: Indonesian Western Standard Time (Indonesian: Waktu Indonesia Barat/WIB) (UTC+7) WIB is observed in islands of Sumatra, Java, provinces of West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan Indonesian Central Standard Time (Waktu Indonesia Tengah/WITA) (UTC+8) WITA... In Indonesia, the keeping of standard time is divided into three time zones: Indonesian Western Standard Time (Indonesian: Waktu Indonesia Barat/WIB) (UTC+7) WIB is observed in islands of Sumatra, Java, provinces of West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan Indonesian Central Standard Time (Waktu Indonesia Tengah/WITA) (UTC+8) WITA... UTC+7 is used in: Laos Thailand Cambodia Vietnam External links Find cities currently in UTC+7 Category: ... The province (Indonesian: provinsi) is the highest tier of local government subnational entity in Indonesia. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ...


The city of Yogyakarta is the capital of the province. Yogyakarta (also Jogjakarta in pre-1972 spelling or Jogja) is a city and province on the island of Java, Indonesia. ...

Contents

Geography

Yogyakarta is located in south-central Java. It is surrounded by the province of Central Java (Jawa Tengah) and the Indian Ocean in the south. The city is located at 7°47′S 110°22′E. Central Java (Indonesian: Jawa Tengah) is a province of Indonesia. ...


The population of DIY in 2003 was approximately 3,000,000. The province of Yogyakarta has a total area of 3,185.80 km². Yogyakarta has the second-smallest area of the provinces in Indonesia, after the Jakarta Capital Region. However it has, along with adjacent areas in Central Java, some of the highest population densities of Java. A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta), formerly known as Sunda Kelapa, Jayakarta and Batavia is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ...


Administration

It is subdivided into four regencies (kabupaten) and one city (kota), as follows:

Yogyakarta (also Jogjakarta in pre-1972 spelling or Jogja) is a city and province on the island of Java, Indonesia. ... Sleman is a regency or Kabupaten on between Yogyakarta and Magelang. ... Bantul is the name of a regency and a town located in the province of Yogyakarta (special region), Indonesia. ... Kulon Progo Regency is one of the four regencies of the Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia. ...

Yogyakarta city

Main article: Yogyakarta (city)

Located within the Yogyakarta province, Yogyakarta city is known as a center of classical Javanese fine art and culture such as batik, ballet, drama, music, poetry and puppet shows. It is also famous as a center for Indonesian higher education. At Yogyakarta's center is the kraton, or Sultan's palace. While the city sprawls in all directions from the kraton, the core of the modern city is to the north. Yogyakarta (also Jogjakarta in pre-1972 spelling or Jogja) is a city and province on the island of Java, Indonesia. ...


History

The Yogyakarta Sultanate, formally the Sultanate of Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat, was formed in 1755 when the existing Sultanate of Mataram was divided by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in two under the Treaty of Giyanti. This treaty states that the Sultanate of Mataram was to be divided into the Sultanate of Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat with Yogyakarta as the capital and Mangkubumi who became Sultan Hamengkubuwono I as its Sultan and the Sultanate of Surakarta Hadiningrat with Surakarta as the capital and Pakubuwono III who was the ruler of the Sultanate of Mataram as its Sultan. The Sultan Hamengkubuwono I spent the next 37 years building the new capital, with the Kraton as the centerpiece and the court at Surakarta as the blueprint model. By the time he died in 1792, his territory exceeded Surakarta's. Yogyakarta Sultanate or Kesultanan Yogyakarta is a monarchy in the province of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. ... A sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic monarch ruling under the terms of shariah. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Mataram was the last major independent Javanese empire on Java before the island was colonized by the Dutch. ... Dutch colonial possessions, with the Dutch East India Company possessions marked in a paler green, surrounding the Indian Ocean plus Saint Helena in the mid-Atlantic. ... Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I, who was born as Raden Mas Sujana, was brother of Mataram king, Pakubuwono II of Surakarta. ... Surakarta (its formal name; locally it is referred to as Solo) is an Indonesian city of approximately 500,000 people located in Central Java. ...


The ruler Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX (April 12, 1912 - 1988) held a degree from the Dutch Leiden University, and held for a time the largely ceremonial position of Vice-President of Indonesia, in recognition of his status, as well as Minister of Finance and Minister of Defense. Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX was born in Sompilan, Ngasem, Yogyakarta in 12 April 1912. ... Leiden University, located in the city of Leiden, is the oldest university in the Netherlands. ...


In support of Indonesia declaring independence from the Dutch and Japanese occupation, in September 5, 1945, Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya and Sri Paku Alam VIII in Yogya declared their sultanates to be part of the Republic of Indonesia. In return for this unfailing support, a law was passed in 1950, in which Yogyakarta was granted the status of province Daerah Istimewa (Special Region Province), with special status that recognizes the power of the Sultan in his own region's domestic affairs. Hence Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX was appointed as the governor for life. During the Indonesian war of independence against the Dutch after World War II (1945-1950), the capital of the newly-declared Indonesian republic was temporarily moved to Yogyakarta when the Dutch reoccupied Jakarta from January 1946 until August 1950. Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX was born in Sompilan, Ngasem, Yogyakarta in 12 April 1912. ... ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta), formerly known as Sunda Kelapa, Jayakarta and Batavia is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ...


The current ruler of Yogyakarta is his son, Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, who holds a law degree from Universitas Gadjah Mada. Upon the elder sultan's death, the position of governor, according to the agreement with Indonesia, was to pass to his heir. However, the central government at that time insisted on an election. In 1998, Sultan Hamengkubuwono X was elected as governor by the provincial house of representatives (DPRD) of Yogyakarta, defying the will of the central government. He remains the only governor in Java without a military background: "I may be a sultan," he has been quoted in Asia Week as saying, "but is it not possible for me to also be a democrat?" [1] The present Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, was inaugurated on October 3, 1998 as the Governor of Yogyakarta Special Region upon a request of the people of Yogyakarta. ... Universitas Gadjah Mada (Gadjah Mada University or UGM) is the biggest university in Indonesia in terms of student population. ... The English edition of Asiaweek was a news magazine focusing on Asia, published weekly by Time Inc. ...


See also List of Governors of Yogyakarta See also Yogyakarta Sultanate List of Gouvernors of Yogyakarta Special Region ... Yogyakarta Sultanate or Kesultanan Yogyakarta is a monarchy in the province of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. ...


2006 Earthquake

The province of Yogyakarta bore the brunt of a 6.3-magnitude earthquake on 27 May 2006 which killed 5,782 people and left some 36,299 persons injured. More than 135,000 houses are damaged, and 600,000 people are homeless [1]. The earthquake extensively damaged the local region of Bantul, and its surrounding hinterland. The most significant number of deaths occurred in this region. The May 2006 Java earthquake occurred at 05:54 local time on 27 May 2006 (22:54 GMT 26 May), in the Indian Ocean around 25 km (15 miles) south-southwest of the Indonesian city of Yogyakarta, near Galur, on the southern side of the island of Java (), 17. ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Bantul is the name of a regency and a town located in the province of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. ...


The coincidence of the recent eruption of Mount Merapi, and the earthquake would not be lost on the older and more superstitious Javanese - as such natural phenonomena are given considerable import within their understanding of the spiritual aspect of such events. Mount Merapi, Gunung Merapi in Indonesian language, is a conical volcano in Central Java, Indonesia. ... Javanese is a term used to describe a native of the Indonesian island of Java. ...


Transportation

Yogyakarta is served by Adisucipto International Airport. As tourism airport in Java, this airport is developed to have bigger aeroplanes inside which until now has the problem that there is limited land and the environment around it. ...


Sister relationships

Yogyakarta has signed a sister relationship agreement with Kyoto Prefecture, Japan, and California, United States. Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... The Iwashimizu Hachimangu, a Shinto shrine in Yawata. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


See also

List of Gouvernors of Yogyakarta Special Region ... Universitas Gadjah Mada (Gadjah Mada University or UGM) is the biggest university in Indonesia in terms of student population. ...

References

  1. ^ "Indonesia lowers quake death toll", CNN, 2006-06-06. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  • Department of Tourism, Post and Telecommunication Regional Office For Yogyakarta Special Region. (1997) Guide To Yogyakarta. Yogyakarta: Department of Tourism, Post and Telecommunication.
  • Ricklefs, M.C. (2001) A history of modern Indonesia since c.1200 (3rd ed.). Stanford: Stanford University Press. pp. 126-139, 269-271. ISBN 0-8047-4480-7

The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513...

Further reading

  • Soemanto, Bakdi (1992) Cerita Rakyat dari Yogyakarta Jakarta: Grasindo (In Indonesian)
  • Soemardjan, S. (1962) Social Changes in Yogyakarta, Ithaca, N.Y. Cornelll University Press.

External links

Indonesia Portal
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Yogyakarta


Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

 
Administrative areas in Special Region of Yogyakarta
Seal of Yogyakarta

City: Yogyakarta
Regencies: Bantul | Gunung Kidul | Kulon Progo | Sleman Image File history File links Yogya_Symbol. ... Yogyakarta (also Jogjakarta in pre-1972 spelling or Jogja) is a city and province on the island of Java, Indonesia. ... Bantul is the name of a regency and a town located in the province of Yogyakarta (special region), Indonesia. ... Kulon Progo Regency is one of the four regencies of the Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia. ... Sleman is a regency or Kabupaten on between Yogyakarta and Magelang. ...

Provinces of Indonesia Flag of Indonesia
Sumatra: Aceh | North Sumatra | West Sumatra | Bengkulu | Riau | Riau Islands | Jambi | South Sumatra | Lampung | Bangka-Belitung
Java: Jakarta | West Java | Banten | Central Java | Yogyakarta | East Java
Kalimantan: West Kalimantan | Central Kalimantan | South Kalimantan | East Kalimantan
Lesser Sunda Islands: Bali | West Nusa Tenggara | East Nusa Tenggara
Sulawesi: West Sulawesi | North Sulawesi | Central Sulawesi | South Sulawesi | South East Sulawesi | Gorontalo
Maluku Islands and
New Guinea:
Maluku | North Maluku | West Irian Jaya | Papua

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