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Encyclopedia > Yixing clay teapot
A Chinese Yixing Zisha teapot
A Chinese Zisha teapot - "Melon"

A Yixing clay teapot (also called zisha, or purple clay teapot) is a traditional pot made from Yixing clay and commonly used to brew tea. It originated in China and is made from clay produced in the region of the town of Yixing, in the eastern Chinese province of Jiangsu. Image File history File links IMG-200541918344891478. ... Image File history File links IMG-200541918344891478. ... Image File history File links Melonteapot. ... Image File history File links Melonteapot. ... This article may not be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... Tea leaves in a Chinese gaiwan. ... Yixing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Yíxīng) is a city in Jiangsu province, in eastern China, which is well-known for its Yixing clay and artistry in teaware. ... Jiangsu (Simplified Chinese: 江苏; Traditional Chinese: 江蘇; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-su; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsu) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country. ...

Contents

Origin

According to literature, during the Ming Dynasty, a monk from JingShaShi (Golden Sand Temple) in Yixing made a teapot from local clay. Over time, such teapots became regarded as fine sculpture pieces[citation needed], and became collectors items to the local inhabitants. For other uses, see Ming. ... The hobby of collecting consists of acquiring specific items based on a particular interest of the collector. ...


Ming Dynasty

20th century

Yíxīng teapots are not actually made in the regional city of Yíxīng, but rather in nearby Dīngshān. Hundreds of teapot shops line the edges of the town's crowded streets and it is a popular tourist destination for many Chinese. While Dīngshān is home to dozens of ceramics factories, Yíxīng Zǐshā Factory Number 1, which opened in 1958, processes a large part of the clay used in the region, produces fine pottery ware, and has a large commercial showroom. In addition to the better known teapots, frescoes, oil and grain jars, flower vases, figurines, glazed tiling, tables, ornamental rocks, and even ornamental garbage bins are all manufactured in the community. [1]


Revolution teapots

An interesting class of Yíxīng teapots is so-called "Cultural Revolution teapots." Such teapots were manufactured sometime in the decade following 1966, during China's Cultural Revolution. The bottom of these pots is stamped "Yíxīng, China" and devoid of a teapot maker's mark. This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ...


Cultural Revolution teapots are distinctive, due to a large part for their lack of distinction. These plainly styled teapots were manufactured during Chairman Mao's Cultural Revolution, when the assertion of pre-Revolution Chinese culture were frowned upon. Workers and master potters alike were strongly discouraged or disallowed entirely from placing personal marks on individual pieces. The state exercised complete control over all aspect of a Yixing factory's products. This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893—September 9, 1976) was the chairman of the Communist Party of China from 1935 until his death. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ...


Many revolution teapots are of poor quality. Some have a muddy odour from being fired at a too low temperature, while others have lids that are not level, and some cannot pour water in a straight line. Despite the sometimes low quality of revolution teapots and their non-distinctive artistry, they still command relatively high prices because the zǐshā clay mined during that period allows for a roughness in the teapots, which produces a rich patina after some use that many collectors find appealing.[2]


Characteristics and use with tea

Yíxīng teapots are meant for use with black and oolong teas, as well as aged pǔ’ěr tea. Black tea Black tea is more oxidized than the green, oolong and white varieties; all four varieties are made from leaves of Camellia sinensis. ... Alternate meanings: Oolong (disambiguation) Oolong (烏龍 wūlóng in the Mandarin Pinyin romanization) is a traditional Chinese type of tea somewhere in between green and black in oxidation (traditionally but improperly called fermentation) time. ... Pu-erh or Puer tea (Traditional Chinese and Simplified Chinese: 普洱茶; pinyin: pǔěr chá, Cantonese pou2 lei5 (bou2 lei5) or pou2 nei5 (bou2 nei5) tea (Jyutping romanization)) is a type of tea made from a large leaf variety of the tea plant Camellia sinensis and named after Puer...


References

  1. ^ Evil Genes: Why Rome Fell, Hitler Rose, Enron Failed, and My Sister Stole My Mother's Boyfriend, by Barbara Oakley, Prometheus Books, ISBN 978-1-59102-580-1/HC, publication date October 2007.
  2. ^ Evil Genes.

See also


 
 

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