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Encyclopedia > Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin יִצְחָק רַבִּין
Yitzhak Rabin

In office
13 July 1992 – 4 November 1995
Preceded by Yitzhak Shamir
Succeeded by Shimon Peres
In office
3 June 1974 – 22 April 1977
Preceded by Golda Meir
Succeeded by Menachem Begin

Born March 1, 1922(1922-03-01)
Jerusalem, British Mandate of Palestine (now Israel)
Died November 4, 1995 (aged 73)
Tel Aviv, Israel
Political party Alignment, Labor Party
Spouse Lea Rabin
Children Dalia Rabin-Pelossof
Yuval Rabin
Religion Judaism

Yitzhak Rabin  (Hebrew: יִצְחָק רַבִּין‎, 1 March 19224 November 1995) was an Israeli politician and general. He was the fifth Prime Minister of Israel with two periods in office, from 1974 until 1977 and from 1992 until his assassination in 1995. In 1994 during his second term Rabin won the Nobel Peace Prize together with Shimon Peres and Yasser Arafat, for their efforts towards peace which culminated in the Oslo Accords. He was assassinated by Yigal Amir, a right-wing Israeli radical who had strenuously opposed Rabin's signing of the Oslo Accords. He was the first native-born Prime Minister of Israel, the only Prime Minister to be assassinated and the second to die in office after Levi Eshkol. Image File history File links Nobel_prize_medal. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Yitzak_Rabin_PD.jpg File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Prime Minister of Israel (Hebrew: ראש הממשלה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ...   (Hebrew יִצְחָק שָׁמִיר) (born October 15, 1915) was Prime Minister of Israel from 1983 to 1984 and again from 1986 to 1992. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Golda Meir (‎, Arabic: , born Golda Mabovitz, May 3, 1898 - December 8, 1978, known as Golda Meyerson from 1917-1956) was one of the founders of the State of Israel. ...   (‎, August 16, 1913 – March 9, 1992) was a Jewish-Polish head of the Zionist underground group the Irgun, Nobel Peace Prize laureate and the first Likud Prime Minister of Israel. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... Flag The approximate borders of the British Mandate circa 1922. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... The Alignment (Hebrew: המערך, HaMaarakh), originally called the Labour Alignment (Hebrew: המערך העבודה, HaMaarakh HaAvoda) was the dominant left-wing political party in Israel from its founding in 1965 until its transformation into the Labour Party in 1992. ... The Israeli Labor Party (‎, Mifleget HaAvoda HaYisraelit), generally known in Israel as Avoda (‎) is a center-left political party in Israel. ... Lea (Leah) Rabin (April 8, 1928 in Königsberg, East Prussia,Germany — November 12, 2000 in Petach Tikva, Israel) was the wife of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, who was assassinated in 1995. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... // Yitzhak Rabin was the prime minister of Israel. ... Image File history File links He-Yitzhak_Rabin. ... Hebrew redirects here. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Prime Minister of Israel (Hebrew: ראש הממשלה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ... Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat during the Oslo Accords on September 13, 1993. ... Site of the rally before the assassination: Rabin Square and Tel Aviv City Hall during the day. ... Yigal Amir (‎, born May 23, 1970) is the Israeli assassin of Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin. ... Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat during the Oslo Accords on September 13, 1993. ... â–¶(?) (Hebrew לֵוִי אֶשְׁכּוֹל ) (Born Levi Skolnick) (Hebrew לֵוִי שְׁקוֹלְנִיק) (October 25, 1895 - February 26, 1969), was the third Prime Minister of Israel from 1963 until his death of a heart attack in 1969. ...

Contents

Biography

Childhood

Yitzhak Rabin was born in Jerusalem in 1922 to Nehemiah and Rosa, two pioneers of the Third Aliyah. Nehemiah Rubitzov, born in a small Ukrainian town in 1886, lost his father when he was a child and helped to support his family from a young age. At the age of 18, he emigrated to the United States, where he joined the Poalei Zion (Workers of Zion) Party and changed his surname to Rabin. In 1917 he went to Palestine with Hagdud Haivri (Jewish Legion) volunteers, determined to settle in Eretz Yisrael (Land of Israel). Yitzhak Rabin's mother, Rosa Cohen, was born in 1890 in Mohilev in Belarus. Her father, a rabbi, opposed the Zionist movement, but sent Rosa to a Christian high school for girls in Homel, enabling her to acquire a broad general education. From a young age, Rosa took an interest in political and social causes. In 1919, she sailed to Palestine on the S.S. Ruslan, the bellwether of the Third Aliyah. After working on a kibbutz on the shores of the Kinneret (Sea of Galilee), she moved to Jerusalem.[1] For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Poale Zion (also spelled Poalei Tziyon or Poaley Syjon, meaning Workers of Zion) was a Movement of Marxist Zionist Jewish workers circles founded in various Russian cities about the turn of the century after the Bund rejected Zionism in 1901. ... The Jewish Legion was the name for five battalions of Jewish volunteers established as the British Armys 38th through 42nd (Service) Battalions of the Royal Fusiliers. ... Mogilev, or Mahilyow (Belarusian: ; Russian: , translit. ... For the town in Italy, see Rabbi, Italy. ...


Rabin grew up in Tel Aviv, where the family relocated when he was one year old. In 1940, he graduated with distinction from the Kadoori Agricultural High School and hoped to be an irrigation engineer. However, apart from several courses in military strategy in the United Kingdom later on, he never pursued a degree. Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... A high school that Yitzhak Rabin went to in Israel Categories: School stubs ...


Family Life

Rabin married his wife Leah (nee Schlossberg) in 1948, during the Israeli War of Independence. Leah was working at the time as a reporter for a Palmach newspaper. They had two children, Dahlia and Yuval. After Rabin's assassination, Dahlia Rabin-Pelossof went into politics. In 2001, she was Israel's Deputy Minister of Defense. Lea (Leah) Rabin (April 8, 1928 in Königsberg, East Prussia,Germany — November 12, 2000 in Petach Tikva, Israel) was the wife of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, who was assassinated in 1995. ...


Military career

Palmach

In 1941, during his practical training at Kibbutz Ramat Yochanan, Rabin joined the Palmach section of the Haganah, and rose to the position of Chief Operations Officer in October 1947. Kibbutz Merom Golan as seen from Bental mountain A Kibbutz (Hebrew: Translit. ... The Palmach (Hebrew: פלמח, an acronym for Plugot Mahatz (Hebrew: פלוגות מחץ), Strike Companies) was the regular fighting force of the Haganah, the unofficial army of the Yishuv (Jewish community) during the British Mandate of Palestine. ... The Haganah (Hebrew: Defense, הגנה) was a Zionist para-military organization in Palestine during the British mandate of Palestine from 1920 to 1948. ...


IDF service

During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Rabin directed Israeli operations in Jerusalem and fought the Egyptian army in the Negev. In 1949, he helped draft an armistice agreement with the Arab countries that was signed on the island of Rhodes. In 1964 he was appointed Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). Combatants  Israel Haganah Irgun Lehi Palmach Foreign Volunteers Egypt, Syria, Transjordan,  Lebanon, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Yemen[2], Holy War Army, Arab Liberation Army Commanders Yaakov Dori, Yigael Yadin John Bagot Glubb, Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni, Hasan Salama, Fawzi Al-Qawuqji, Ahmed Ali al-Mwawi Strength  Israel: 29,677 initially... :For the light machine gun see IMI Negev. ... This article is about the Greek island of Rhodes. ... Insignia of the Rav Aluf The Ramatkal (Hebrew: רמטכל, abbr. ... Emblem of the IDF The Israel Defense Forces are part of the Israeli Security Forces. ...


Under his command, the IDF achieved victory over Egypt, Syria and Jordan in the Six-Day War in 1967. After the Old City of Jerusalem was captured by the IDF, Rabin was among the first to visit the Old City, and delivered a famous speech on Mount Scopus, at the Hebrew University. In the days leading up to the war Rabin suffered a nervous breakdown and was unable to function.[2] After this short hiatus, he resumed full command over the IDF. Combatants Israel Egypt Syria Jordan Iraq Commanders Yitzhak Rabin, Moshe Dayan, Uzi Narkiss, Israel Tal, Mordechai Hod, Ariel Sharon Abdel Hakim Amer, Abdul Munim Riad, Zaid ibn Shaker, Hafez al-Assad Strength 264,000 (incl. ... ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... Mount Scopus (הר הצופים, Standard Hebrew , Tiberian Hebrew ; Arabic جبل المشارف Jabal al-Mašārif, جبل المشهد Jabal al-Mašhad, جبل ا&#1604... The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (האוניברסיטה העברית בירושלים) is one of Israels biggest and most important institutes of higher learning and research. ...


Ambassador and Minister of Labor

Following his retirement from the IDF, he became a diplomat, serving as ambassador to the United States beginning in 1968.


In 1973, he was elected to the Knesset as a member of the Alignment, and was appointed Minister of Labour. Type Unicameral Speaker of the Knesset Dalia Itzik, Kadima since May 4, 2006 Deputy Speaker Majalli Wahabi, Kadima since May 4, 2006 Members 120 Political groups Kadima Labour-Meimad Shas Likud Last elections March 28, 2006 Meeting place Knesset, Jerusalem, Israel Web site www. ... The Alignment (Hebrew: המערך, HaMaarakh), originally called the Labour Alignment (Hebrew: המערך העבודה, HaMaarakh HaAvoda) was the dominant left-wing political party in Israel from its founding in 1965 until its transformation into the Labour Party in 1992. ...


First term as Prime Minister

On June 2, 1974, Rabin was elected Party leader and succeeded Golda Meir as Prime Minister of Israel. is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Golda Meir (‎, Arabic: , born Golda Mabovitz, May 3, 1898 - December 8, 1978, known as Golda Meyerson from 1917-1956) was one of the founders of the State of Israel. ... The Prime Minister of Israel (Hebrew: ראש הממשלה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. ...


Operation Entebbe was the most dramatic event during Rabin's first term of office. On Rabin's orders, the IDF rescued passengers of a plane that was hijacked by terrorists belonging to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and the German Revolutionary Cells (RZ). Combatants  Israel  PFLP Revolutionäre Zellen  Uganda Commanders Yonatan Netanyahu† Wadie Haddad Wilfried Böse Idi Amin Strength 29 Commandos Unknown Casualties Yonatan Netanyahu killed three hostages killed five commandos wounded 6 hijackers killed 45 Ugandan soldiers killed Operation Entebbe, also known as the Entebbe incident and occasionally the Entebbe...


Rabin resigned from office in the wake of two crises at the end of 1976: Four F-15 jets were delivered on the Sabbath, which led to the break up of his coalition; and it was discovered that his wife, Leah, continued to hold a US dollar account from the days that Rabin was ambassador to the United States. According to Israeli currency regulations at the time, it was illegal for citizens to maintain foreign currency accounts. In the wake of this disclosure, Rabin handed in his resignation, an act that earned him praise as a responsible person and a man of integrity. The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle is an all-weather, extremely maneuverable, tactical fighter designed to permit the U.S. Air Force to gain and maintain air superiority in aerial combat. ... For other uses, see Sabbath. ...


Opposition MK and Minister of Defense

Following his resignation, Likud's Menachem Begin was elected in 1977. Until 1984 Rabin was a member of Knesset and sat on the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee. From 1984 to 1990, he served as Minister of Defense in several unity governments led by prime ministers Yitzhak Shamir and Shimon Peres. Likud (Hebrew: ליכוד, literally means consolidation) is a centre-right political party in Israel. ...   (‎, August 16, 1913 – March 9, 1992) was a Jewish-Polish head of the Zionist underground group the Irgun, Nobel Peace Prize laureate and the first Likud Prime Minister of Israel. ... A defence minister ( Commonwealth English) or defense minister ( American English) is a cabinet portfolio (position) which regulates the armed forces in a sovereign nation. ...   (Hebrew יִצְחָק שָׁמִיר) (born October 15, 1915) was Prime Minister of Israel from 1983 to 1984 and again from 1986 to 1992. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


When Rabin came to office, Israeli troops were still deep in Lebanon. Rabin ordered their withdrawal to a "Security Zone" on the Lebanese side of the border. The South Lebanon Army was active in this zone, along with the Israeli Defence Forces. The South Lebanon Army (SLA), also South Lebanese Army, (Arabic: ; transliterated: Jaysh Lubnān al-JanÅ«bi. ... The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל Tsva Ha-Haganah Le-Yisrael ([Army] Force [for] the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels armed forces...


When the first Intifada broke out, Rabin adopted harsh measures to stop the riots, even threatening to "break the bones" of the rioters. Later, Rabin's attitude softened and he became convinced that the only way to end the violence was though negotiation and dialogue. Combatants  Israel Unified National Leadership ot the Uprising Commanders Yitzhak Shamir Yasser Arafat Casualties 160 (5 children) 1,162 (241 children) The First Intifada (1987 - 1993) (also intifada and war of the stones) was a mass Palestinian uprising against Israeli rule[1] that began in Jabalia refugee camp and quickly...


In 1990 to 1992, Rabin again served as an MK and a member of the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee. This time, he used his days in the opposition to compete against Shimon Peres for the chairmanship of the Labor party, a position held by Peres since 1977.


Second term as Prime Minister

Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat during the Oslo Accords on September 13, 1993
Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat during the Oslo Accords on September 13, 1993

In 1992 Rabin was elected as chairman of the Israeli Labor Party. In the elections that same year his party, strongly focusing on the popularity of its leader, managed to win a clear victory over the Likud of incumbent Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir. However the Left bloc in the Knesset won an overall narrow majority, facilitated by the disqualification of small nationalist parties that did not manage to pass the electoral threshold. Rabin formed the first Labour led government in fifteen years, supported by a coalition of left wing parties and Shas, a Mizrahi orthodox religious party. US government photo. ... US government photo. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ... Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat during the Oslo Accords on September 13, 1993. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... The Israeli Labor Party (‎, Mifleget HaAvoda HaYisraelit), generally known in Israel as Avoda (‎) is a center-left political party in Israel. ... Type Unicameral Speaker of the Knesset Dalia Itzik, Kadima since May 4, 2006 Deputy Speaker Majalli Wahabi, Kadima since May 4, 2006 Members 120 Political groups Kadima Labour-Meimad Shas Likud Last elections March 28, 2006 Meeting place Knesset, Jerusalem, Israel Web site www. ... Shas (Hebrew: ) is an political party in Israel, primarily representing Ultra-orthodox Sephardi and Mizrahi Judaism. ... This article deals with those Jewish communities indigenous to the Middle East and North Africa. ...


Rabin played a leading role in the signing of the Oslo Accords, which created the Palestinian Authority and granted it partial control over parts of the Gaza Strip and West Bank. Prior to the signing of the accords, Rabin received a letter from PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat renouncing violence and officially recognizing Israel, and on the same day, September 9, 1993, Rabin sent Arafat a letter officially recognizing the PLO on (See: Israel-Palestine Liberation Organization letters of recognition.) During this term of office, Rabin also oversaw the signing of the Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace (1994). Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat during the Oslo Accords on September 13, 1993. ... The West Bank The Palestinian National Authority (PNA or PA) is a semi-autonomous state institution nominally governing the bulk of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (which it calls the Palestinian Territories). It was established as a part of Oslo accords between the PLO and Israel. ... Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Israel-Palestine Liberation Organization letters of recognition (or Israel-PLO Recognition or Letters of Mutual Recognition) were a series of official letters of recognition between the government of Israel and its Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and the Palestine Liberation Organizations Chairman Yasser Arafat dated September 9, 1993. ... The Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace (full name: Treaty of Peace Between the State of Israel and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan) (Hebrew:הסכם השלום בין ישראל לירדן; transliterated: HaSekhem Ha-Shalom beyn Yisrael Le-Yarden) (Arabic: معاهدة السلام الأردنية الإسرائيلية; transliterated: Muahadat as-Salam al-Orduniyah al-Israyliyah, and commonly referred to as Araba Valley...


For his role in the creation of the Oslo Accords, Rabin was awarded the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize, along with Yasser Arafat and Shimon Peres. The Accords greatly divided Israeli society, with some seeing Rabin as a hero for advancing the cause of peace and some seeing him as a traitor for giving away land rightfully belonging to Israel. Many Israelis on the right wing often blame him for Jewish deaths from the sharp increase in terror attacks since the signing of the Oslo accords. Also, Rabin's government was kept in office with the tacit support of Arab-Israeli parties in the Knesset. Lester B. Pearson after accepting the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Type Unicameral Speaker of the Knesset Dalia Itzik, Kadima since May 4, 2006 Deputy Speaker Majalli Wahabi, Kadima since May 4, 2006 Members 120 Political groups Kadima Labour-Meimad Shas Likud Last elections March 28, 2006 Meeting place Knesset, Jerusalem, Israel Web site www. ...


Rabin was also awarded the 1994 Ronald Reagan Freedom Award by the late President's wife, Former First Lady Nancy Reagan. The award is only given to "those who have made monumental and lasting contributions to the cause of freedom worldwide," and who "embody President Reagan's lifelong belief that one man or woman truly can make a difference." [3] Nancy Reagan presents the 2007 Ronald Reagan Freedom Award to former United States President George Bush. ... Laura Bush Current First Lady (2001- ) First Lady of the United States is the unofficial title of the hostess of the White House. ... Nancy Davis Reagan (born Anne Frances Robbins on July 6, 1921) is the widow of the former United States President Ronald Reagan and was First Lady of the United States from 1981 to 1989. ...


Assassination and aftermath

The monument marking the site of the assassination: Ibn Gabirol Street between the Tel Aviv City Hall and Gan Ha'ir
The monument marking the site of the assassination: Ibn Gabirol Street between the Tel Aviv City Hall and Gan Ha'ir
The grave of Yitzhak (right) and Leah Rabin (left) on Mount Herzl
The grave of Yitzhak (right) and Leah Rabin (left) on Mount Herzl

On November 4, 1995, Rabin was assassinated by Yigal Amir, a right-wing Orthodox Jew who opposed the signing of the Oslo Accords and believed he was saving the country from a dire fate. The shooting took place as Rabin was leaving a mass rally in Tel Aviv in support of the Oslo process. Rabin was rushed to the nearby Ichilov Hospital, where he died on the operating table of massive blood loss and a punctured lung. Site of the rally before the assassination: Rabin Square and Tel Aviv City Hall during the day. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (929x686, 308 KB) Summary Hebrew Wikipedia For more information, please see: http://he. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (929x686, 308 KB) Summary Hebrew Wikipedia For more information, please see: http://he. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 417 KB) Grave of w:Yitzhak Rabin (black stone) and w:Lea Rabin (white stone) atop w:Mount Herzl File links The following pages link to this file: Yitzhak Rabin ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 417 KB) Grave of w:Yitzhak Rabin (black stone) and w:Lea Rabin (white stone) atop w:Mount Herzl File links The following pages link to this file: Yitzhak Rabin ... Yitzhak and Leah Rabins grave. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Assassin and Assassins redirect here. ... Yigal Amir (‎, born May 23, 1970) is the Israeli assassin of Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin. ... Religious Zionism, or the Religious Zionist Movement, a branch of which is also called Mizrachi, is an ideology that claims to combine Zionism and Judaism, to base Zionism on the principles of Jewish religion and heritage. ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat during the Oslo Accords on September 13, 1993. ... Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center is the main hospital in the city of Tel Aviv, Israel. ...


The assassination of Rabin came as a great shock to the Israeli public. Hundreds of thousands of grieving Israelis thronged the square where Rabin was assassinated to mourn his death. Young people, in particular, turned out in large numbers, lighting memorial candles and singing peace songs. Rabin's funeral was attended by many world leaders, among them U.S. president Bill Clinton, Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak and King Hussein of Jordan. Bill Clinton delivered a eulogy whose memorable final words were in Hebrew - "Shalom, chaver" meaning "Goodbye, Friend." For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Muhammad Hosni Said Mubarak (Arabic: محمد حسنى سيد مبارك Muḥammad ḤusnÄ« Mubārak), commonly known as Hosni Mubarak (Arabic: حسنى مبارك ḤusnÄ« Mubārak), has been the President of Egypt since 14 October 1981. ... Hussein bin Talal (Arabic: حسين بن طلال) (November 14, 1935 - February 7, 1999) was the King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan from 1952 to 1999. ...


Before leaving the stage on the night of the assassination, Rabin had been singing Shir Lashalom (literally Song for Peace), along with Israeli singer Miri Aloni. After he died a sheet of paper with the lyrics was found in his pocket, stained with blood. The blood-stained sheet of Shir Lashalom lyrics that Yitzhak Rabin was reading from at the time of his assassination. ...


The square where he was assassinated, Kikar Malchei Yisrael (Kings of Israel Square), was renamed Kikar Rabin. Streets and public institutions have been named for him all over the country.


After his assassination, Rabin was hailed as a national symbol and came to embody the Israeli peace camp ethos, despite his military career and hawkish views earlier in life. He is buried on Mount Herzl, next to his wife Leah. Yitzhak and Leah Rabins grave. ...


Shortly after the assassination Rabin's granddaughter, Noa Ben-Artzi received about $1 million advance for a book on her relationship with him. [4]


See also

The Altalena Affair was a violent confrontation that took place in June of 1948 between the newly-formed Israel Defense Forces and the Irgun (Etzel), a paramilitary Jewish group. ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... The history of the Israel Defense Forces is intertwined with history of the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948. ...

Further reading

  • Benedikt, Linda: Yitzhak Rabin: The Battle for Peace, ISBN 1-904950-06-X.
  • Horovitz, David (editor): Yitzhak Rabin, Soldier of Peace, ISBN 1-55704-287-X
  • Kurzman, Dan: Soldier of Peace: The Life of Yitzhak Rabin, ISBN 0-06-018684-4
  • Rabin, Leah: Rabin: Our Life, His Legacy, ISBN 0-399-14217-7
  • Rabin, Yitzhak: The Rabin Memoirs, ISBN 0-520-20766-1
  • Dr. Uri Milstein, The Rabin File, ISBN 965229196-X

Lea Rabin (April 8, 1928 in Königsberg, East Prussia, — November 12, 2000 in Petach Tikvah, Israel) was the wife of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. ... Uri Milstein has been described as Israels most distinguished military historian. He is an authority on the War of Independence and author of the History of Israels War of Independence, published in four volumes from 1996 to 1999. ...

References

  1. ^ Yitzhak Rabin – from solider to Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Dadalos
  2. ^ Prelude to the Six Days Washington Post, 18 May 2007
  3. ^ The Ronald Reagan Freedom Award Reagan Foundation
  4. ^ [1] Mideast Report

Not to be confused with The Straits Times, the Singaporean newspaper. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ...

External links

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Preceded by
Tzvi Tzur
Chief of General Staff of the IDF
1964–1968
Succeeded by
Haim Bar-Lev
Preceded by
Avraham Harman
Israeli Ambassador to the U.S.
1968–1973
Succeeded by
Simcha Dinitz
Preceded by
Golda Meir
Leader of the Alignment
1973–1977
Succeeded by
Shimon Peres
Preceded by
Golda Meir
Prime Minister of Israel
1974–1977
Succeeded by
Menachem Begin
Preceded by
Moshe Arens
Defense Minister of Israel
1984–1990
Succeeded by
Yitzhak Shamir
Preceded by
Yitzhak Shamir
Prime Minister of Israel
1992–1995
Succeeded by
Shimon Peres
Preceded by
Moshe Arens
Defense Minister of Israel
1992–1995
Succeeded by
Shimon Peres
Preceded by
new party
Leader of the Labor Party
1992–1995
Succeeded by
Shimon Peres
Preceded by
Colin Powell
Recipient of The Ronald Reagan Freedom Award
1994
Succeeded by
King Hussein I
Preceded by
Bill Clinton
Time's Men of the Year (The Peacemakers, alongside Nelson Mandela, F.W. de Klerk and Yasser Arafat)
1993
Succeeded by
Pope John Paul II
Prime Ministers of Israel Flag of Israel
v  d  e
Ben-GurionSharettBen-GurionEshkolAllon (Acting) • Meir RabinPeres (Acting) • Begin ShamirPeres ShamirRabinPeresNetanyahu BarakSharonOlmert
ShazarRemezBen-Gurion • Dinur • Aran • Eban • Aran • Allon • Yadlin • HammerNavonHammerAloniRabinRubinsteinHammer • Levy • SaridBarakLivnat • Sheetrit • Tamir
Ben-GurionLavonBen-GurionEshkolDayanPeresWeizmanBeginSharonArensRabinShamirArensRabinPeresMordechaiArensBarak • Ben-Eliezer • MofazPeretzBarak
Persondata
NAME Rabin, Yitzhak
ALTERNATIVE NAMES יִצְחָק רַבִּין (Hebrew)
SHORT DESCRIPTION Prime Minister of Israel
DATE OF BIRTH March 1, 1922
PLACE OF BIRTH Jerusalem, British Mandate of Palestine (now Israel)
DATE OF DEATH November 4, 1995
PLACE OF DEATH Tel Aviv, Israel

  Results from FactBites:
 
Yitzhak Rabin (482 words)
Yitzhak Rabin was born in Jerusalem, in March 1922.
Rabin returned to Jerusalem in the Spring of 1973, and became active in the Israel Labor Party.
Rabin was elected Chairman of the Party in February 1992, and in the June 1992 national elections he was elected Prime Minister.
Yitzhak Rabin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1809 words)
Rabin resigned from office after two crises hit him: the arrival of four F-15 jets on Shabbat led to the breaking up of his coalition; and the exposure of a US dollar bank account held by his wife Leah Rabin, an act forbidden at that time by Israeli currency regulators.
Rabin died of massive blood loss and a punctured lung on the operating table at the nearby Ichilov Hospital in Tel Aviv.
Yitzhak Rabin • Shimon Peres Benjamin Netanyahu • Ehud Barak • Ariel Sharon Ehud Olmert
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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