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Encyclopedia > Yishuv

Yishuv is a Hebrew word meaning "settlement." It was used in the Zionist movement, before the establishment of Israel, to refer to the body of Jewish residents in Palestine. The residents and new settlers were referred to collectively as "the Yishuv." The term came into use in the 1880s, when there were about 25,000 Jews living in Palestine, and continued to be used until 1948, by which time there were about 700,000 Jews in Palestine. A distinction is sometimes drawn between the "Old Yishuv," referring to the Jews living in Palestine under Ottoman rule before 1918, and the "New Yishuv," referring to the much larger Jewish settlement of Palestine under the British Mandate of Palestine after 1922. After the Balfour Declaration of 1917, the Jews were able to create a government, a military, an educational system, and kibutzim, in addition to vastly improving the overall standard of living in Palestine. All of this led to a general sense of national loyalty and organization which ultimately brought about a Jewish state. Hebrew is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than 6 million people, mainly in Israel, the West Bank, the United States and by Jewish communities around the world. ... For other meanings, please see Zionism (disambiguation) Poster promoting a film about Jewish settlement in Palestine, 1930s: Toward a New Life (in Romanian),The Promised Land (in Hungarian) 1844 Discourse on the Restoration of the Jews by Mordecai Noah, page one. ... // The word Jew (Hebrew: יהודי transliterated: Yehudi) is used in many ways, but generally refers to a follower of Judaism, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity; and often a combination of these attributes. ... Map of the British Mandate of Palestine. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, tone, style, and voice). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Map of the territory under the British Mandate of Palestine. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

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In actual fact, the line which rapidly emerged within the leadership of the Yishuv was that the British should receive support in spite of the White Paper and the inflexibility of the British position on illegal immigration.
The Yishuv was interested in contributing to the British war effort against Nazi Germany in the area of services, too; on the British side, this was also in their interests.
In spite of the declaration that the Yishuv would fight a double battle, during the war opposition to the "White Paper"* of 1939 was relegated to second place.
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