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Encyclopedia > Yin and yang
 This article contains Chinese text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.
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Yin and yang

Image File history File links Zhongwen. ... The UTF-8-encoded Japanese Wikipedia article for mojibake, as displayed in ISO-8859-1 encoding. ... Japanese name Kanji: Hiragana: Korean name Hangul: Hanja: Vietnamese name Quá»‘c ngá»¯: HÃ¡n tá»±: A Chinese character or Han character (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a logogram used in writing Chinese, Japanese, rarely Korean, and formerly Vietnamese. ...

Taijitu, the traditional symbol representing the forces of yin (dark) and yang (light).
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese: 阴阳
Japanese name
Kanji: 陰陽
Hiragana: いんよう
Korean name
Hangul: 음양
Hanja: 陰陽
Vietnamese name
Quốc ngữ: âm dương
Chữ nôm: 陰陽
Hán tự: 陰陽
The Taijitu of Zhou Dun-yi

The concept of yin and yang (or earth and heaven) describes two opposing and, at the same time, complementary (completing) aspects of any one phenomenon (object or process) or comparison of any two phenomena. They are universal standards of quality at the basis of the systems of correspondence seen in most branches of classical Chinese science and philosophy, traditional Chinese medicine being an example[1]. Traditional Chinese medicine shop in Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong. ...

## Contents

Yin (陰 or 阴 "shady place, north slope, south bank (river); cloudy, overcast"; Japanese: in or on; Korean: 음, Vietnamese: âm) qualities are characterized as passive, dark, feminine, negative, downward-seeking, consuming and corresponds to the night.

Yang (陽 or 阳 "sunny place, south slope, north bank (river), sunshine"; Japanese: ; Korean: 양, Vietnamese: dương) qualities are characterized as active, light, masculine, positive, upward-seeking, producing and corresponds to the daytime.

## Four Laws of Yin-yang

• Yin-yang are Opposing

Yin and yang describe the polar effects of phenomena. In viewing any one phenomenon (or the comparison of two phenomena), yin and yang describe the opposing qualities inherent in it. For instance, winter and summer would be the yin and yang, respectively, of the year.

• Yin-yang are Mutually Rooted

Yin and yang are two complementary qualities. That is to say, the yin and the yang aspect of any one phenomenon will, when put together, form the entire phenomenon. Yin-yang is a philosophy of duality. This is the reason the Chinese word has no "and" between yin and yang - the term always expresses the two making up the one. In the example above, winter plus summer makes up the whole year. Look up duality in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

• Yin-yang Mutually Transform

The maximum effect of one quality will be followed by the transition toward the opposing quality. In other words, once the maximum Yang aspect has manifest, such as the long days of summer, this will be followed by the transition toward the Yin aspect, with the shortening of the days as winter approaches.

• Yin-yang Mutually Wax and Wane

The Yin and yang aspects are in dynamic equilibrium. As one aspect declines, the other increases to an equal degree. For instance, in the cycle of the year, the long days of summer gradually shorten and the nights gradually lengthen as winter approaches. Throughout the process, however, the length of each day is constant (the equilibrium) while it is only the relative length of light and darkness that changes (is dynamic).

Yin and yang are neither substances nor forces[1]. They are the terms used in a system of dualistic qualification which can be applied universally. By further divided the Yang and Yin aspect into their respective Yin and Yang aspects, the result is the Yin of the Yang, the Yang of the Yang, the Yin of the Yin, and the Yang of the Yin. This allows an endless scale of universally defined qualities, which is foundational to classical Chinese thought, as seen in the Tao Te Ching, and science, as seen in the Yellow Emperor's Huangdi Neijing. The Tao Te Ching (道德經, Pinyin: D Jīng, thus sometimes rendered in recent works as Dao De Jing; archaic pre-Wade-Giles rendering: Tao Teh Ching; roughly translated as The Book of the Way and its Virtue (see dedicated chapter below on translating the title)) is an ancient Chinese scripture... Yellow Emperor The Yellow Emperor or Huang Di (Traditional Chinese: , Simplified Chinese: , pinyin: huÃ¡ngdÃ¬) is a legendary Chinese sovereign and cultural hero who is said to be the ancestor of all Han Chinese. ... The Huangdi Neijing é»ƒå¸å…§ç¶“ ( Note, technically speaking, Thearch is more accurate than Emperor. ...

## Taijitu

The Taijitu (pictured at top of page; traditional Chinese: 太極圖; simplified Chinese: 太极图; pinyin: Taìjí tú; Wade-Giles: T'ai4 chi2 t'u2; literally "diagram of the supreme ultimate"), often referred to as yin-yang in English, is a well known symbol deriving from Chinese culture which represents the principle of yin and yang from Taoist and Neo-Confucian philosophy. The term Taijitu itself refers to any of several schematic diagrams representing these principles. Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Chinese culture has roots going back over five thousand years. ... For other uses of the words tao and dao, see Dao (disambiguation). ... Neo-Confucianism (理學 Pinyin: Lǐxué) is a term for a form of Confucianism that was primarily developed during the Song dynasty, but which can be traced back to Han Yu and Li Ao in the Tang dynasty. ... For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ...

The taijitu represents an ancient Chinese understanding of how things work. The outer circle represents the entirety of perceivable phenomena, while the black and white shapes within the circle represent the interaction of two principles or aspects, called "yin" (black) and "yang" (white), which cause the phenomena to appear in their peculiar way. Each of them contains an element or seed of the other, and they cannot exist without each other. There are other ways that Chinese schools of thought graphically represented the principles of yin and yang, an older example being the solid and divided lines of the I Ching. Alternative meaning: I Ching (monk) The I Ching (Traditional Chinese: 易經, pinyin y jīng; Cantonese IPA: jɪk6gɪŋ1; Cantonese Jyutping: jik6ging1; alternative romanizations include I Jing, Yi Ching, Yi King) is the oldest of the Chinese classic texts. ...

Wu Jianquan, a famous Chinese martial arts teacher, described the name of the martial art Taijiquan this way at the beginning of the 20th century: Wu Jianquan 吳鑑泉 Wú Jiànquán or (Wade-Giles) Wu Chien-chüan, 吳鑑泉 (1870-1942), was a famous teacher of Tai Chi Chuan (Taijiquan) in late Imperial and early Republican China. ... Kung fu redirects here. ... Tai Chi Chuan or Taijiquan (from Chinese 太极拳 Tàijíquán, literally supreme ultimate fist), commonly known as Tai Chi or Taiji, is a nei chia (internal) Chinese martial art which is known for the claims of health and longevity benefits made by its practitioners and in some recent... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...

"Various people have offered different explanations for the name Taijiquan. Some have said: - 'In terms of self-cultivation, one must train from a state of movement towards a state of stillness. Taiji comes about through the balance of yin and yang. In terms of the art of attack and defense then, in the context of the changes of full and empty, one is constantly internally latent, not outwardly expressive, as if the yin and yang of Taiji have not yet divided apart.' Others say: 'Every movement of Taijiquan is based on circles, just like the shape of a Taijitu. Therefore, it is called Taijiquan.' Both explanations are quite reasonable, especially the second, which is more complete."[2]

In the image showing yin-yang as a circle the white part represents yang and the black part represents yin. Two parts pass through each other on a line because yin and yang are never separated. There is a small black round in white part and a white one in the black part. For other senses of this word, see Meditation (disambiguation). ... This article is about a concept in Taoism. ... Alternative meaning: I Ching (monk) The I Ching (Traditional Chinese: 易經, pinyin y jīng; Cantonese IPA: jɪk6gɪŋ1; Cantonese Jyutping: jik6ging1; alternative romanizations include I Jing, Yi Ching, Yi King) is the oldest of the Chinese classic texts. ...

## Dichotomy in other philosophies

The concept of "unity in duality" as underlying the nature of the Cosmos is fundamental in the philosophy of Heraclitus, one of the Presocratics[3][4][5][6]. Note that the Heracletian duality has nothing to do with an ontological dualism. A dichotomy is a division into two non-overlapping or mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive parts. ... The Ancient and Medieval cosmos as depicted in Peter Apians Cosmographia (Antwerp, 1539). ... Heraclitus of Ephesus (Ancient Greek - HerÃ¡kleitos ho EphÃ©sios (Herakleitos the Ephesian)) (about 535 - 475 BC), known as The Obscure (Ancient Greek - ho SkoteinÃ³s), was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, a native of Ephesus on the coast of Asia Minor. ... Pre-Socratic philosophers are often very hard to pin down, and it is sometimes very difficult to determine the actual line of argument they used in supporting their particular views. ... This article is about ontology in philosophy. ...

Indian philosophy has a distinct dualistic strand, known as Samkhya. In this theory, Yin corresponds to Prakrti and Yang to Purusha. Samkhya, also Sankhya, (Sanskrit: à¤¸à¤¾à¤‚à¤–à¥à¤¯, IAST: SÄá¹ƒkhya - Enumeration) is one of the six schools of classical Indian philosophy. ...

Gnosticism and Zoroastrianism posit a supernatural dualism to explain suffering in this world. Gnosticism (Greek: gnÅsis, knowledge) refers to a diverse, syncretistic religious movement consisting of various belief systems generally united in the teaching that humans are divine souls trapped in a material world created by an imperfect spirit, the demiurge, who is frequently identified with the Abrahamic God. ... Zoroastrianism is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). ...

Indonesia has the motto: "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" that is "Unity in diversity" which originates from a quotation of an Old Javanese poem. This idea is similar to yin and yang philosophy. "Tunggal" means the only one, as in "anak tunggal" (only child). The motto of Indonesia is Bhinneka Tunggal Ika which is Old Javanese and is often loosely translated as Unity in Diversity but literally it means (Although) in pieces, yet One. This is a quotation from an Old Javanese poem written in Indian metres, the so called kakawin or kawya. ...

## Unicode

Taijitu is defined in code point U+262F (). As an alternative, Unicode suggested it can be substituted by U+0FCA (Tibetan symbol nor bu nyis -khyil), the double body symbol (࿊)[7]. The Unicode Standard, Version 5. ...

## Mathematics

Enter the following into a graphing program to render the yin-yang symbol[8]:

$(cos,(theta-mathrm{r})-sin,theta)(mathrm{r}^4-mathrm{2}mathrm{r}^2cos(mathrm{2},theta+2.4)+0.9)+(0.62mathrm{r})^{1000}<0.$

## References

1. ^ a b Porkert (1974). The Theoretical Foundations of Chinese Medicine. MIT Press. ISBN 0262160587.
2. ^ Woolidge, Doug (June 1997). "T’AI CHI The International Magazine of T’ai Chi Ch’uan Vol. 21 No. 3". Wayfarer Publications. ISSN 0730-1049.
3. ^ A First Look at Unity, Duality, and Complexity
4. ^ :: Minorités ::
5. ^ Franz Capra connects mystical eastern philosophy with scientific knowledge of physics which allows knowledge of the true reality of the substance of the universe
6. ^ Heraclitus
7. ^ decodeunicode for Tibetan U+0FCA
8. ^ http://surreality.info/up/graph%20calc.JPG

ISSN, or International Standard Serial Number, is the unique eight-digit number applied to a periodical publication including electronic serials. ...

Chinese Wood (æœ¨) | Fire (ç«) Earth (åœŸ) | Metal (é‡‘) | Water (æ°´) Japanese Earth (åœ°) | Water (æ°´) | Fire (ç«) | Air / Wind (é¢¨) | Void / Sky / Heaven (ç©º) Hinduism and Buddhism Vayu / Pavan â€” Air / Wind Agni / Tejas â€” Fire Akasha â€” Aether Prithvi / Bhumi â€” Earth Ap / Jala â€” Water In traditional Chinese philosophy, natural phenomena can be classified into the Five Elements (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ): wood, fire... In philosophy, especially that of Aristotle, the golden mean is the desirable middle between two extremes, one of excess and the other of deficiency. ... Alternative meaning: I Ching (monk) The I Ching (Traditional Chinese: 易經, pinyin y jīng; Cantonese IPA: jɪk6gɪŋ1; Cantonese Jyutping: jik6ging1; alternative romanizations include I Jing, Yi Ching, Yi King) is the oldest of the Chinese classic texts. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Tao Te Ching (道德經, Pinyin: D Jīng, thus sometimes rendered in recent works as Dao De Jing; archaic pre-Wade-Giles rendering: Tao Teh Ching; roughly translated as The Book of the Way and its Virtue (see dedicated chapter below on translating the title)) is an ancient Chinese scripture... Traditional Chinese medicine shop in Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong. ... Zhuangzi (Traditional: èŽŠå­; Simplified: åº„å­, Pinyin: ZhuÄng ZÇ, Wade-Giles: Chuang TzÅ­, lit. ... Look up duality in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

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 Yin and yang - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1096 words) Yin, is sad, the darker element, is passive, dark, feminine, downward-seeking, and corresponds to the night; Yang, is happy, the brighter element, is active, light, masculine, upward-seeking and corresponds to the day; yin is often symbolized by water, while yang is symbolized by fire. Yin and yang are often used in reference to disease, and many Asian cultures treat the hot/cold or wet/dry diseases with opposite treatments. One way to write the symbols for yin and yang are a solid line (yang) and a broken line (yin) which could be divided into the four stages of yin and yang and further divided into the eight trigrams (these trigrams are used on the South Korean flag).
 Yin and Yang (333 words) Yin is the female, passive, intuitive, receiving force, which is associated with the earth. Yang is the male, strong, creative force which is associated with heaven. In relationship to the elements, wood and fire belong to the yang, and water and metal to yin.
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