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Encyclopedia > Yevstigney Fomin
Composer Yevstigney Fomin
Composer Yevstigney Fomin

Yevstigney Ipat'yevich Fomin [1] (Russian: Евстигне́й Ипа́тьевич Фоми́н) (born St Petersburg August 16 [O.S. August 5] 1761 – died St. Petersburg c April 27 [O.S. April 16] 1800) was a Russian opera composer of the 18th century. Image File history File links Evstigney_Fomin. ... Image File history File links Evstigney_Fomin. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Old Style or O.S. is a designation indicating that a date conforms to the Julian calendar, formerly in use in many countries, rather than the Gregorian calendar, currently in use in most countries. ... 1761 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... Old Style or O.S. is a designation indicating that a date conforms to the Julian calendar, formerly in use in many countries, rather than the Gregorian calendar, currently in use in most countries. ... // ON MAY 5 1853 MR.FADER HAD SEX WITH A MAN NAME MR WIEN THEN THEY HAD SON NAMEDMRS COTURE AND MR MANOOGIAN WENT INTO MRS HASKELLS OFFICE NAKED AND DANCED AROUND AND MASTERBATED ON HER CHEST AND SHE LICKED IT OFF THEN THEY HAD ORAL SEEX WITH NAPLOEAN OF...

Contents

Biography

Fomin was born in St. Petersburg into a family of a cannoneer, the artillery soldier of Tobolsk infantry regiment. His father died when he was 6, and he passed into the care of his stepfather, I. Fedotov, a soldier. Fedotov took him to the Academy of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg on April 21, 1767, where Fomin studied architecture. As a full student there, he began learning the harpsichord in 1776 with Matteo Bumi. From 1777 he studied theory and composition with Hermann Raupach, and from 1779 with Blasius Sartori. A small cannon on a carriage, Bucharest. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... 1767 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Harpsichord in the Flemish style A harpsichord is any of a family of European keyboard instruments, including the large instrument currently called a harpsichord, but also the smaller virginals, the muselar virginals and the spinet. ... Hermann Friedrich Raupach (December 21, 1728, Stralsund - December 12, 1778, St Petersburg) was a German composer. ...


In 1782 he went to Bologna to study with Padre Martini and Stanislao Mattei; three years later he was accepted into the Accademia filarmonica. Returning to St. Petersburg in 1785, he taught at the theatrical school and composed operas. From 1797 he was répétiteur for the imperial theater under Paul I. He composed about 30 operas including Yamshchiki na podstave [The Coachmen at the Relay Station] (1787); Vecherinki [Soirées] (1788); Orfey i Evridika (1792), Amerikantsy [The Americans], comic opera (1800), and Zolotoye yabloko [The Golden Apple] (performed after the composers death in 1803). The most successful for decades was his opera-melodrama Orfey i Evridika to the text by Yakov Knyazhnin. It was re-staged in the Soviet time in 1947 in Moscow, and in 1953 and in 1961 in Leningrad. Giovanni Battista Martini (April 24, 1706 - August 4, 1784), Italian musician, was born at Bologna. ... Yakov Knyazhnin Yakov Borisovich Knyazhnin (Russian: Яков Борисович Княжнин, November 3, 1742 or 1740, Pskov – January 1, 1791, St Petersburg) was Russias foremost tragic author during the reign of Catherine the Great. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2007)    - Density 10,469,000   8537. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and...


The famous one-act opera Anyuta to the text by Mikhail Popov (1772, Tsarskoye Selo) has been occasionally attributed to Fomin (which is quite unlikely). [2] In addition, Fomin has been credited with the music of another successful Russian opera Melnik – koldun, obmanshchik i svat (The Miller who was a Wizard, a Cheat and a Match-maker, Moscow, 1779), on a subject resembling Rousseau’s Devin: it is possible that this was his revision of the music compiled by a theatre violin player Mikhail Sokolovsky. [3] Mikhail Vasilyevich Popov (Russian: Михаи́л Васи́льевич Попов, 1742-1790) was a Russian writer, poet, dramatist and opera librettist of the 18th century. ... Year 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Catherine Palace and Park Tsarskoye Selo (Russian: ; may be translated as Tsar’s Village) is a former Russian residence of the imperial family and visiting nobility 24 km south of St. ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2007)    - Density 10,469,000   8537. ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Rousseau is a French surname. ... Mikhail Matveyevich Sokolovsky (Russian: Михаи́л Матве́евич Соколо́вский, born 1756, died –date unknown) was a Russian opera composer, conductor and violinist of the second half of the 18th century. ...


Operas

  • The Novgorod Hero Boyeslayevich (Новгородский богатырь Боеслаевич – Novgorodskiy bogatyr’ Boyeslayevich, opera-ballet. Libretto by the Empress Catherine II, December 12, 1786 St Petersburg)
  • The Coachmen at the Relay Station (Ямщики на подставе - Yamshchiki na podstave January 13, 1787 St Petersburg)
  • Soirées (Вечеринки или гадай, гадай девица — Vecherinki, ili Gaday, gaday devitsa, 1788 St Petersburg)
  • Magician, Fortune-teller and Match-maker (Колдун, ворожея и сваха - Koldun, vorozheya i svakha (1789 St Petersburg)
  • Orpheus and Eurydice (Орфей и Эвридика — Orfey i Evridika, melodrama. Text by Yakov Knyazhnin, January 13, 1792 St Petersburg)
  • The Miller who was a Wizard, a Cheat and a Match-maker (Мельник - колдун, обманщик и сват — Melnik - koldun, obmanshchik i svat (1779 Moscow, c.1795 St Petersburg) [revision of the music by Sokolovsky (?)]
  • The Americans (Американцы - Amerikantsy, comic opera, February 19, 1800 St Petersburg)
  • Chloris and Milo (Клорида и Милон – Klorida i Milon, November 18, 1800 St Petersburg)
  • The Golden Apple (Золотое яблоко — Zolotoye yabloko, April 27, 1803 St Petersburg)

also: Catherine II (Екатерина II Алексеевна: Yekaterína II Alekséyevna, April 21, 1729 - November 6, 1796), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka, known as Catherine the Great, reigned as empress of Russia from... December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 19 days remaining. ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Yakov Knyazhnin Yakov Borisovich Knyazhnin (Russian: Яков Борисович Княжнин, November 3, 1742 or 1740, Pskov – January 1, 1791, St Petersburg) was Russias foremost tragic author during the reign of Catherine the Great. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2007)    - Density 10,469,000   8537. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and...

  • Yaropolk and Oleg (Ярополк и Олег - Yaropolk i Oleg) - Choruses to a tragedy by Vladislav Ozerov (1798)

Vladislav A. Ozerov Vladislav Aleksandrovich Ozerov (11 October 1769 — 17 September 1816) was the most popular Russian dramatist in the first decades of the 19th century. ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...

Discography

  • C10 28271 009. Fomin, Yevstigney (1761–1800). Американцы [The Americans] (1800). Vladimir Andropov. USSR Bolshoi Theatre Chamber Orchestra (rec. 1988)
  • C10 19625 009. Fomin, Yevstigney. Ямщики на подставе [The Coachmen] (1788). Vladimir Chernushenko. Leningrad State Conservatory Opera Orchestra (rec. 1982)
  • The Golden Age - Moscow Concertino ensemble of soloists (CD).

On this website you can listen to all the tracks that also include music by Bortnyansky and Alyabyev (see the CD information).
The first four tracks are as follows: Theatre Square in Moscow. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and...

  • Yevstigney Fomin. Music from the melodrama Orpheus and Eurydice
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Adagio
  • 3. Dance of the furies
  • 4. Overture to the comic opera The Americans

Quotations

"Yevstigney Fomin, one of the most talented composers of his day and age and the founding father of Russian musical drama, also [like Vasily Pashkevich] died in poverty... His melodrama, based on the well-known legend about Orpheus and Eurydice, is a real masterpiece whose red-hot passions and tragic collisions have since been put to music with equal excellence. Orpheus premiered at Count Nikolai Sheremetev’s theatre in 1792 to the strains of a choir, orchestra and with a large cast of ballet dancers and actors. For more than two decades Orpheus ran thousands of times to invariable applause of local and visiting theatergoers. And still, the money Fomin earned for his labors was dwarfed by the exorbitant royalties picked up by his Italian colleagues invited to work in St. Petersburg. "The Voice of Russia 2003" The view of the Hermitage, St Petersburg: on a CD cover featuring some music by Vasily Pashkevich Vasily Alexeyevich Pashkevich also Paskevich (Russian: ) (c. ...


Notes

  1. ^ The Romanized spelling of his name is variable: Yevstignei (Evstigney, Evstignei, Ewstigney or Evstignej) Ipatovich (Ipatyevich or Ipatevich) Fomin.
  2. ^ See Gerald Abraham's The Conscience Oxford History of Music, Oxford 1979, p.479.
  3. ^ Ibid.

Bibliography

  • Sokolova, A.: Fomin, the article in "Tvorcheskie portrety kompozitorov", Moskva, Muzyka, 1989, p.360-362
  • Abraham, Gerald: The Concise Oxford History of Music, Oxford 1979, p.479-481
  • Fomin, Yevstigney Ipat'yevich by Richard Taruskin, 'The New Grove Dictionary of Opera', ed. Stanley Sadie (London, 1992) ISBN 0-333-73432-7

Richard Taruskin is an American musicologist and music historian specializing in theory of performance, Russian music, twentieth-century music, nationalism, theory of modernism, and analysis. ... The New Grove Dictionary of Opera is an encyclopedia (or encyclopedic dictionary) of opera, considered to be one of the best general reference sources on the subject. ...

External links

  • classical archives
  • classical composers
  • Russia - 1000 years of music

 
 

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