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Encyclopedia > Yevhen Konovalets

Yevhen Konovalets (b. June 14, 1891 in Zashkiv, Lviv county, Galicia - d. May 23, 1938 in Rotterdam) was a military commander with rank of a commander in the UNR army and political leader of the Ukrainian nationalist movement. June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... There are two well-known places called Galicia: Galicia (Spain), an autonomous community in Spain. ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... -1... For other places named Rotterdam, see Rotterdam (disambiguation) Rotterdam ( ▶ (help· info)), located in the province of Zuid Holland, is the second largest municipality in the Netherlands (after Amsterdam), yet depending on the calculation methods the agglomeration in which Rotterdam is situated vies with the Amsterdam agglomeration for first spot in... The University of Nevada, Reno (UNR) is a university that is located in Reno, Nevada and is known for its programs in agricultural research, animal biotechnology, and mining-related natural sciences. ...


Konovalets studied law at the Lviv University and was also a member of the educational Prosvita society. He was politically active as a student representative in the Executive Commitee of the National-Democratic Party.


He served as the Second lieutenant in the Austrian army during the First World War and fell into Russian captivity in 1915, being interned near Tsaritsyn. While in captivity he joined a group of former Galician officers (with Andryi Melnyk among others) which altogether fled to Kiev to organize there the Galician-Bukovynian Battalion of Sich Riflemen in November 1917. He assumed its command two months later and helped suppress the Kiev Bolshevik uprising with this unit as well as resisting the Muraviev´s offensive. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Rodina Mat (Motherland), statue on the Mamayev Kurgan, Volgograd Volgograd (Волгогра́д) (population: 1,012,000), formerly called Tsaritsyn (Цари́цын) (1598 - 1925) and Stalingrad (Сталингра́д) (1925 - 1961) is a city on the west bank of Volga river in southwestern Volgograd Oblast (province), Northern Caucasus district, Russia. ... Galician (Galego) is a language variety of the Western Ibero-Romance branch, spoken in Galicia (in the Galician language, Galicia or Galiza), an autonomous community in northwestern Spain. ... For other uses, see November (disambiguation). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... Leaders of the Bolshevik Party and the Communist International, a painting by Malcolm McAllister on the Pathfinder Mural in New York City and on the cover of the book Lenin’s Final Fight published by Pathfinder. ...


In 1920, in reaction to shattered struggle for Ukrainian independence, Konovalets set up to create a new organization capable of acting in underground conditions within the borders of the new "occupying powers", i.e. Poland, Russia-then USSR, Rumania and Czechoslovakia. In this way the Ukrainian military organization (UVO) was created in August 1920. Konovalets became its head one year later in Lviv. Since December 1922 he was forced to shift into exile which he spent in Czechoslovakia, Germany, Switzerland and Italy. In 1929 he took part in the first congress of Ukrainian nationalists in Vienna where the Organization of Ukrainian nationalists (OUN) was born with Konovalets as its leader. Konovalets then actively promoted its influence among the Ukrainian emigres throughout Europe while establishing contacts with intelligence offices of Lithuania, Germany and Italy. The goal of the OUN was to revive an independent Ukraine through armed struggle. After Adolf Hitler´s rise it turned its attention to Germany and hoped for a future European war which would lead to a change of power constellation in the East. Meanwhile the OUN launched a terrorist and subversive campaign in pre-war Poland while acting also in the other three states with Ukrainian ethnic territories. 1920 (MCMXX) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Note: as an adjective (stressed on the second syllable instead of the first), august means honorable. ... 1920 (MCMXX) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]; Slovenian: Dunaj, Hungarian: Bécs, Czech: Vídeň, Slovak: Viedeň, Romany Vidnya; Croatian and Serbian: Beč) is the capital of Austria, and also one of Austrias nine states (Land Wien). ... â–¶ (help· info) (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945) was Chancellor of Germany from 1933 and Führer (Leader) of Germany from 1934 to his death by suicide. ...


Konovalets´activities raised fear in Kremlin because of penetration of the OUN into the Soviet Union. He was killed by a booby-trap masked as a "present" from his "true friend" who turned out to be the notorious NKVD agent Pavel Sudoplatov. Kremlin (Кремль) is the Russian word for citadel or castle and refers to any major fortified central complex found in historical Russian cities. ... This article is about an antipersonnel trap designed for use against humans. ... Pavel Sudoplatov 1907 - 1996 Pavel Sudoplatov (1907 - September, 1996) was a member of the intelligence services of the Soviet Union who rose to the rank of major general. ...


Sources

  • Volodymyr Kubijovyč, Encyclopedia of Ukraine, Toronto: University of Toronto Press 1984 - 2001.
  • encyclopediaofukraine.com
  • Dovidnyk z istorii Ukrainy, Kyiv: Heneza 2002.
  • Vladislav Moulis, Běsové ruské revoluce, Praha: Dokořán, 2002.

 
 

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