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Encyclopedia > Yester Castle
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Goblin Ha' Vaulting

The Goblin Ha' (Goblin Hall), lying 1 1/2 miles south east of the village of Gifford in East Lothian,Scotland , is all that remains of Yester Castle. Gifford may refer to: Gifford, South Carolina Gifford, Illinois Gifford, Florida Gifford Lectures Edric Frederick, The Lord Gifford This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... East Lothian (Lodainn an Ear in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council areas in Scotland, and a lieutenancy Area. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen of the UK Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by...

Contents


History

Originally known as "Yestred" (from the Brythonic Ystrad -Strath or Dale), the barony of Yester was granted by William the Lion to Hugo de Giffard, a Norman immmigrant given land in East Lothian during the reign of David I William I (William the Lion, William Leo, William Dunkeld or William Canmore), (1142/1143 - December 4, 1214) reigned as King of Scotland from 1165 to 1214. ... Norman may refer to: the Normans, the Norman people. ... David I, known as the Saint, (1084 - May 24, 1153), king of Scotland, the youngest son of Malcolm Canmore and of Saint Margaret (sister of Edgar Ætheling), was born in 1084. ...


The original stone Keep was built before 1267 generally considered to be by Sir Hugo de Giffard, grandson of the first Laird of Yester, and a guardian of Alexander III , by repute a magician and necromancer . Alexander III is known to have been at Yester on and around May 24th 1278 where he corresponded with Edward I of England. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ... Alexander III may refer to any of the following; Alexander III (emperor), Byzantine emperor (912-913) Pope Alexander III pope from 1159 to 1181 Alexander III of Russia (1845-1894), emperor of Russia Alexander III of Scotland (1241-1285), king of Scotland Alexander III of Macedon - Alexander the Great This... Necromancy is divination by raising the spirits of the dead. ... Alexander III may refer to any of the following; Alexander III (emperor), Byzantine emperor (912-913) Pope Alexander III pope from 1159 to 1181 Alexander III of Russia (1845-1894), emperor of Russia Alexander III of Scotland (1241-1285), king of Scotland Alexander III of Macedon - Alexander the Great This... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Edward I (June 17, 1239 – July 7, 1307), popularly known as Longshanks because of his 6 foot 2 inch (1. ...


Following the Scots Wars of Independence, Yester was rebuilt as a castle of enceinte. The Wars of Scottish Independence were a series of military campaigns fought between Scotland and England in the late 13th and early 14th centuries. ... Enceinte (Lat. ...


In 1357, there being no male line left of the Giffards, Joanna, a daughter of the last Sir Hugo de Giffard, married Sir William Hay of Locherwart (now Borthwick Castle), the Sheriff of Peebles. He was invested with the barony and lands of Yester through his wife. The barony has stayed with the Hay family ever since. Borthwick Castle. ... Look up Sheriff in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Old Parish Church, Peebles Location within the British Isles Peebles (Gaelic: Na Pùballan) is a burgh in the committee area of Tweeddale, in the Scottish Borders, lying on the River Tweed. ...


David Hay of Yester was in 1487 created a peer, and was the first Lord Hay of Yester . In 1513 during the disastrous Battle of Flodden, John second Lord Hay was killed along with a great proportion of the country's fighting men. Later that century, in 1547 during the period known as the Rough Wooing Yester was attacked by an English force, and was defended stoutly by John, 4th Lord Hay. Hay was to be captured later that year at the retreat from the Battle of Pinkie and was held in the Tower of London for three years. A Lord of Parliament is a member of the lowest rank of Scottish peerage, ranking below a viscount. ... Marquess of Tweeddale is a title of the Peerage of Scotland, created in 1694 for the 2nd Earl of Tweeddale. ... 1513 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Battle of Flodden or Flodden Field was fought in northern England on September 9, 1513, between an invading Scots army under King James IV and an English army commanded by Thomas Howard. ... Events January 16 - Grand Duke Ivan IV of Muscovy becomes the first Tsar of Russia. ... The Anglo-Scottish Wars were a series of wars fought between England and Scotland during the sixteenth century. ... The Battle of Pinkie Cleugh, along the banks of the River Esk on 10 September 1547, was the last battle to be fought between the Scottish and the English Royal armies and the first modern battle to be fought in the British Isles. ... For the film with this title, see Tower of London (1939 film). ...


1557 saw the death of the 4th Lord, his son, also John, abandoned the castle and moved into a new towerhouse on the site of the present day mansion of Yester House. Events Spain is effectively bankrupt. ... A tower house stands on a hillock near Quin along the back road from Limerick to Ennis. ...


In 1646 the 8th Lord was created Marquess ofTweeddale


The castle gradually fell in to disrepair, and by the late 1600s was in a very parlous state, the stones having been much quarried for building material. Although the castle almost disappeared completely, Sir Hugo the Wizard's original Goblin Ha' was tenanted by the Marquess' falconer until 1737.


The present Lord Hay of Yester is Charles David Montagu Hay, 14th Marquess of Tweeddale(b. 1947). He succeeded following the death of his brother the 13th Marquess in 2005. His heir presumptive is his half-brother, Lord Alistair James Montague Hay, Master of Tweeddale.


Yester House with its Adam interiors was sold in 1972 to Italian operatic composer Gian-Carlo Menotti who still lives there. Gian Carlo Menotti, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1944 Gian Carlo Menotti (born July 7, 1911, Cadegliano, Italy) is an Italian-born American composer and librettist. ...


Pronunciation note. The 'Ha' in "The Goblin Ha'" is normally enunciated "Haw".


The Wizard of Yester

Sir Hugo de Giffard known as the 'Wizard of Yester' was condidered to be a powerful Warlock and Necromancer.It is in the undercroft of the castle that he was thought to practice his sorcery. Fordun mentions the large cavern in Yester Castle, thought locally to have been formed by magical artifice. Legend supposed that he was able, via a pact with the Devil, to raise a magical army to his aid, and use them to carry out his will. It is this army of Hobgoblins that was considered the builders of Yester castle. It is interesting to note that the vaulting of the Goblin Ha' is one of the earliest examples of secular gothic archbuilding and this may have contributed to that opinion, given the superstitious nature of the age. Warlocks (another name for wizards) are, among historic Christian traditions, said to be the male equivalent of witches (usually in the pejorative sense of Europes Middle Ages), and were said to ride pitchforks instead of broomsticks. ... Necromancy is divination by raising the spirits of the dead. ... The Devil is the name given to a supernatural entity, who, in most Western religions, is the central embodiment of evil. ... For the legendary creatures, see Hobgoblin. ...


The Colstoun Pear

When his daughter Margaret was to marry, Sir Hugo gave her and her husband-to-be, Broun of Colstoun, a hand picked pear with the proviso that should anything happen to this fruit it would spell disaster for the the Broun family. The pear was encased in a silver box and kept safe. The Brouns prospered. A few hundred years later however, in 1692, on her wedding night, the fiancée of Sir George Broun, a Baronet of Nova Scotia and inheritor of Colstoun estate, decided to remove the pear from its casket. The fruit looked as good as when it was picked, and she could not resist taking a bite. Misfortune quickly followed. Sir George Broun ammssed enormous gambling debts and was forced to sell the estate to his brother Robert. Robert with his two sons was soon after killed, en route to Edinburgh, they were swept away by a flash flood caused by the River Tyne bursting its banks. In destitution, Sir George died in 1718 without male heir. It was said that after the pear was tasted it turned as hard as rock, and with its bitemark in evidence, is still at Colstoun house to this day. Clan Broun Crest: Floreat magestas (Let majesty flourish) Clan Broun also known as Brown is a common Scottish clan name. ... The Baronetage of Nova Scotia was devised in 1624 as a means of settling the plantation of that province. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The River Tyne in Scotland ia a river which rises in West Lothian near Tynehead to the south of Edinburgh, flows through Haddington and East Linton in East Lothian, and into the North Sea at Bellhaven and Dunbar, at a bay named Tyne Mouth. ...


Literary references

For his supposed role in the struggles between King Haakon of Norway and King Alexander, ultimately culminating in the Battle of Largs, Sir Walter Scott immortalises Giffard: "A clerk could tell what years have flown since Alexander filled our throne third monarch of that warlike name, and eke the time when here he came to seek Sir Hugo, then our lord: A braver never drew a sword, a wiser never, at the hour of midnight, spoke the word of power; the same, that ancient records call the founder of Goblin hall"----"Lord Gifford deep beneath the ground heard Alexander's bugle sound, and tarried not his garb to change, but, in his wizard habit strange, came forth, —, a quaint and fearful sight: His mantle lined with fox-skins white; His high and wrinkled forehead bore a pointed cap, such as of yore Pharoh's Magi wore; His shoes were marked with cross and spell, upon his breast a pentacle"----"and in his hand a naked sword without a guard". -Canto III, Marmion, Edinburgh 1808. An illustration of Hákon, King of Norway, and his son Magnus, from Flateyjarbók HÃ¥kon IV (1204 – December 16, 1263), (Norwegian HÃ¥kon HÃ¥konsson, Old Norse Hákon Hákonarson) also called Haakon the Old. ... The Battle of Largs took place in Largs, North Ayrshire in 1263 between Scotland and the forces of King Magnus III of Man and the Isles as well as the manxmens ally, King Haakon IV of Norway. ... For the first Premier of Saskatchewan see Thomas Walter Scott Sir Walter Scott (August 14, 1771 - September 21, 1832) was a prolific Scottish historical novelist and poet popular throughout Europe. ...


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