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Encyclopedia > Yerevan
Yerevan
Երեւան

Flag

Seal
Location of Yerevan in Armenia
Coordinates: 40°10′11.99″N 44°31′12″E / 40.1699972, 44.52
Country Flag of Armenia Armenia
Established 782 BC
Government
 - Mayor Yervand Zakharyan
Area
 - City 227 km²  (87.6 sq mi)
Elevation 989.4 m (3,246 ft)
Population (2004)[1]
 - City 1,088,000
 - Density 5,196.4/km² (13,458.6/sq mi)
Time zone GMT+4 (UTC+4)
 - Summer (DST) GMT+5 (UTC+5)
Website: www.yerevan.am

Yerevan (IPA: [ˌjerəˈvɑːn], Armenian: Երևան or Երեւան (according to the spelling systems); sometimes written as Erevan; former names include Erebuni and Erivan) is the largest city and capital of Armenia. It is situated on the Hrazdan River, and is the administrative, cultural, and industrial center of the country. The history of Yerevan dates back to the 8th century BC, with the founding of the Urartian fortress of Erebuni in 782 BC.[2] Eventually, the name Erebuni evolved in the Armenian language in the 5th or 4th century BC, with the letter "b" in the name, for example, becoming "v".[3] Image File history File linksMetadata Yerevan_Mount_Ararat. ... Image File history File links Yerevan_flag. ... Image File history File links Yerevan_coa. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Yerevan Categories: GFDL images ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Armenia. ... Centuries: 9th century BC - 8th century BC - 7th century BC Decades: 830s BC 820s BC 810s BC 800s BC 790s BC - 780s BC - 770s BC 760s BC 750s BC 740s BC 730s BC Events and Trends 789 BC - Nineveh destroyed 780 BC - The first historic solar eclipse is recorded in... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Yervand Zakharyan is the current mayor of Yerevan. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... “GMT” redirects here. ... Moscow Summer Time Category: ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... “GMT” redirects here. ... UTC +5 is the timezone for : Pakistan Standard Time in Pakistan. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... The Hrazdan (Armenian: ) is the major river of Armenia. ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) Ruins of the training grounds at Olympia, Greece. ... Urartian can refer to: The ancient kingdom of Urartu the Urartian language spoken there the family of Hurro-Urartian languages This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Yerevan (Armenian: Երեվան or Երևան; sometimes written as Erevan; former names include Erivan and Erebuni) (population: 1,201,539 (1989 census); 1,088,300 (2004 estimate)[1]) is the largest city and capital of Armenia. ... Centuries: 9th century BC - 8th century BC - 7th century BC Decades: 830s BC 820s BC 810s BC 800s BC 790s BC - 780s BC - 770s BC 760s BC 750s BC 740s BC 730s BC Events and Trends 789 BC - Nineveh destroyed 780 BC - The first historic solar eclipse is recorded in... The 5th century BC started the first day of 500 BC and ended the last day of 401 BC. // The Parthenon of Athens seen from the hill of the Pnyx to the west. ... The 4th century BC started the first day of 400 BC and ended the last day of 301 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period. ...

Contents

History

Early history

The remains of the Erebuni Fortress, which was built by king Argišti in 782 BC.
The remains of the Erebuni Fortress, which was built by king Argišti in 782 BC.

According to Armenian tradition, the name of Yerevan is derived from an expression exclaimed by Noah in Armenian while looking in the direction of Yerevan, after the ark had landed on Mount Ararat and after the flood waters had receded: "Yerevants!" ("it appeared!").[3] The more plausible theory on the origin of the name is that the city was named after the Armenian king, Yervand the Third (the Last), the last leader of the Orontid Dynasty and founder of the city of Yervandashat.[3] Ruins of ancient Erebuni fortress in Yerevan I took this photo myself This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Ruins of ancient Erebuni fortress in Yerevan I took this photo myself This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Ruins of Erebuni Fortress Erebuni Fortress is a famous castle in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia. ... Argishtis I (Urartian: Argištiše, Armenian: , Argishti) was the sixth known king of the ancient country of Urartu (in eastern Anatolia) from 785 BC to 763 BC. He founded the citadel of Erebouni in 782 BC, which is the present capital of Armenia, Yerevan. ... Centuries: 9th century BC - 8th century BC - 7th century BC Decades: 830s BC 820s BC 810s BC 800s BC 790s BC - 780s BC - 770s BC 760s BC 750s BC 740s BC 730s BC Events and Trends 789 BC - Nineveh destroyed 780 BC - The first historic solar eclipse is recorded in... This article is about the biblical Noah. ... A painting by the American Edward Hicks (1780–1849), showing the animals boarding Noahs Ark two by two. ... Mount Ararat (Turkish: , Armenian: , Kurdish: , Greek: , Persian: , Russian: , Hebrew: , Tiberian Hebrew: ) is the tallest peak in Turkey. ... The Orontid Dynasty was the first Armenian dynasty. ...


The territory of Yerevan was settled in the fourth millennium BC,[citation needed] fortified settlements from the Bronze Age include Shengavit, Tsitsernakaberd, Karmir Blur, Arin Berd, Karmir Berd and Berdadzor. Archaeological evidence indicates that an Urartian military fortress called Erebuni (Էրեբունի) was founded in 782 BC by the orders of King Argishtis I at the site of current-day Yerevan, to serve as a fort and citadel guarding against attacks from the north Caucasus.[3] Yerevan is thus one of the most ancient cities in the world. During the height of Urartian power, irrigation canals and an artificial reservoir were built on Yerevan's territory. The 4th millennium BC saw major changes in human culture. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... Tsitsernakaberd (Armenian: ) is a memorial dedicated to the the victims of the Armenian Genocide located on a hill overlooking Yerevan, Armenia. ... Urartu at its greatest extent 743 BC Urartu (Biainili in Urartian) was an ancient kingdom in the mountainous plateau between Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, and Caucasus mountains, later known as the Armenian Highland, and it centered around Lake Van (present-day eastern Turkey). ... Centuries: 9th century BC - 8th century BC - 7th century BC Decades: 830s BC 820s BC 810s BC 800s BC 790s BC - 780s BC - 770s BC 760s BC 750s BC 740s BC 730s BC Events and Trends 789 BC - Nineveh destroyed 780 BC - The first historic solar eclipse is recorded in... Argishtis I (Argishtish) was the fifth known king of the ancient country of Urartu (in Anatolia) from 785 to 763 BC. A son and successor of Menuas, he continued the series of conquests initiated by his predecessors. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil usually for assisting in growing crops. ...


Between the sixth and fourth centuries BC, Yerevan was one of the main centers of the Armenian satrapy of the Achaemenid Empire. In 585 BC, the fortress of Teishebaini (Karmir Blur), thirty miles to the north of Yerevan, was destroyed by the Scythians. Look up satrap in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Founder of empires: Cyrus, The Great is still revered in modern Iran as he was in all the successor Persian Empires. ... Centuries: 7th century BC - 6th century BC - 5th century BC Decades: 620s BC - 610s BC - 600s BC - 590s BC - 580s BC - 570s BC - 560s BC - 550s BC - 540s BC - 530s BC Events and Trends 589 BC - Apries succeeds Psammetichus II as king of Egypt 588 BC _ Nebuchadnezzar II of... Teishebaini was the capital of the Urartuian Transcaucasian provinces. ... The Scythians (, also ) or Scyths ([1]; from Greek ), a nation of horse-riding nomadic pastoralists who spoke an Iranian language[2], dominated the Pontic steppe throughout Classical Antiquity. ...


Due to the absence of historical data, the timespan between fourth century BC and third century AD is known as the Yerevan Dark Ages. The first church in Yerevan, the church of St. Peter and Paul, was built in the fifth century however it collapsed in 1931.


Foreign occupation

An illustration of Yerevan by the French traveler Jean Chardin in 1673.

In 658 AD, Yerevan was conquered, during the height of Arab invasions. Since then the site has been strategically important as a crossroads for the caravan routes passing between Europe and India. It has been known as "Yerevan" since at least the seventh century AD. Between the ninth and eleventh centuries, Yerevan was a secure part of the Armenian Bagratuni Kingdom, before being overrun by Seljuks. The city was seized and pillaged by Tamerlane in 1387 and subsequently became an administrative center of the Ilkhanate. Due to its strategic significance, Yerevan was constantly fought over and passed back and forth between the dominion of Persia and the Ottomans. Image File history File links Yerevan1672. ... Image File history File links Yerevan1672. ... Sir John Chardin Jean Chardin, born Jean-Baptiste Chardin, also known as Sir John Chardin, (November 16, 1643 – January 5, 1713) was a French jeweller and traveller whose ten-volume book The Travels of Sir John Chardin is regarded as one of the finest works of early Western scholarship on... A camel train is a series of camels carrying goods or passengers in a group as part of a regular or semi-regular service between two points. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... ... The Seljuk Turks (Turkish: Selçuk; Arabic: سلجوق Saljūq, السلاجقة al-Salājiqa; Persian: سلجوقيان Saljūqiyān; also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq) were a major branch of... For the chess engine Tamerlane, see Tamerlane. ... Khanates of Mongolian Empire: Il-Khanate, Chagatai Khanate, Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty), Golden Horde The Ilkhanate (also spelled Il-khanate or Il Khanate) was one of the four divisions within the Mongol Empire. ... Ottoman redirects here. ...


At the height of the Turkish-Persian wars, the city changed hands fourteen times between 1513 and 1737. In 1604, under the order of Shah Abbas I, tens of thousands of Armenians (including citizens of Yerevan) were deported to Persia. As a consequence, Yerevan's population became 80 percent Muslim and 20 percent native Armenian.[4] The Ottomans, Safavids and Ilkhanids all maintained a mint in Yerevan. During the 1670s, the Frenchman Jean Chardin visited Yerevan and gave a description of the city in his Travels of Cavalier Chardin in Transcaucasia in 1672-1673. On June 7, 1679, a devastating earthquake razed the city to the ground. During the Safavid Dynasty rule, Yerevan and adjacent territories were part of the Chukhursaad (Irevan) Beglerbekate. Starting from 1747, it was part of the Erivan khanate, a Muslim principality under the dominion of the Persian Empire. This lasted until 1828 when the region was incorporated into Russian Empire. Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... Shah Abbas I (شاه عباس اول) (January 27, 1571?-January 19, 1629?) was the most eminent ruler of the Safavid Dynasty. ... A mint is a facility which manufactures coins for currency. ... For a specific analysis of the population of France, see Demographics of France. ... Sir John Chardin Jean Chardin, born Jean-Baptiste Chardin, also known as Sir John Chardin, (November 16, 1643 – January 5, 1713) was a French jeweller and traveller whose ten-volume book The Travels of Sir John Chardin is regarded as one of the finest works of early Western scholarship on... Safavid Empire at its Greatest Extent After Islamic Conquest  Modern SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Safavids (Persian: ) were an Iranian Shia dynasty of mixed Azerbaijani[1] and Kurdish[2] origins which ruled Iran from 1501/1502 to 1722. ... Beylerbey (from Beylerbeyi, Osmanli Turkish for Bey of Beys, circa Commander of Commanders or Lord of Lords), originally Beglerbeg(i) in older Turkic, is the Ottoman title used for the highest rank in the hierarchy of provincial administrators (all military officers, at high levels generally pashas), in western terms a... Erivan (Yerevan), Erwan (آرون) Khanate was a Muslim principality under the dominion of Persia that existed on the territory of modern Armenia and parts of Azerbaijan between 1747 and 1828. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Persia redirects here. ...


Russian governance

The coat of arms of the Erivan Governorate.

During the second Russian-Persian war, Yerevan was liberated,[3][5][6] by Russian troops under Ivan Paskevich on 1 October 1827. It was formally ceded by the Persians in 1828. Following the Treaty of Turkmenchay, Tsarist Russia sponsored Armenian resettlement from Persia and Turkey; by the turn of the twentieth century, Yerevan's population was over 29,000, of which 49% were Azerbaijani (described by Russian sources as "Azerbaijani Tatars"), 48% Armenian and 2% Russian.[7] It served as the seat of the newly-formed Armenian oblast and subsequently the Erivan Governorate. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Erivan Governorate Coat of Arms (1878–1918) Erivan Governorate (Old Russian: Эриванская губернія) was one of the guberniyas of the Russian Empire, with its centre in Erivan (present-day Yerevan). ... The Russo-Persian War of 1826-1828 was the last major military conflict between the Russian Empire and the Persian Empire. ... Portrait by George Dawe from the Military Gallery Ivan Fyodorovich Paskevich (Russian: ) (18 August [O.S. 5 August] 1782 – 1 February [O.S. 20 January] 1856) was a Ukrainian-born military leader in the Russian service. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1827 (MDCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Russia-Persia borders before and after the treaty The Treaty of Turkmenchay (Russian: Туркманчайский договор; Persian: عهدنامه ترکمنچای) was a treaty negotiated in Turkmenchay by which the Persian Empire, more commonly known today as Iran, recognized Russian suzerainty over the Erivan khanate, Nakhchivan khanate and the remainder of the Talysh khanate, establishing the Aras... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... This article is about the people. ... Map of the Armenian oblast The Armenian oblast (Armenian: Հայաստանի ոբլաստ; Russian: Армянская область) was an oblast (province) of the Russian Empire from 1828 to 1840, roughly corresponding to most of present-day central Armenia, the Iğdır Province of Turkey, and Azerbaijans Nakhichevan exclave. ... Erivan Governorate Coat of Arms (1878–1918) Erivan Governorate (Old Russian: Эриванская губернія) was one of the guberniyas of the Russian Empire, with its centre in Erivan (present-day Yerevan). ...


The city began to grow economically and politically, with old buildings torn down and new buildings in European style erected in their place. In 1829, Armenian repatriates from Persia were resettled in the city and a new quarter was built. By the time of Nicholas I's visit in 1837, Yerevan had become a uyezd. Nicholas I (Russian: Николай I Павлович, Nikolai I Pavlovich), July 6 (June 25, Old Style), 1796–March 2 (18 February Old Style), 1855), was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855, known as one of the most reactionary of the Russian monarchs. ... Uyezd or uezd (Russian: ) was an admistrative subdivision of Rus, Muscovy, and Russia used from the 13th century, originally describing groups of several volosts formed around the most important cities. ...


The first general plan of the city was made in 1854, during which time the womens' colleges of St. Hripsime and St. Gayane were opened and the English Garden built. In 1874, Zacharia Gevorkian opened Yerevan's first printing house and in 1879 the first theatre, sited near the church of St. Peter and Paul, was established. Two years into the twentieth century, a railway line linked Yerevan with Alexandropol, Tiflis and Julfa, the same year Yerevan's first public library opened. In 1913, a telephone line with eighty subscribers became operational. Gyumri, formerly known by the following names in chronological order: Alexandropol, Kumayri, Gyumri, Leninakan, and Gyumri (again), is the capital of the Shirak province of Armenia, and a fortress of great strength. ... View of Tiflis from the Grounds of Saint David Church, ca. ... Examples of khachkars from Julfa which are allegedly under threat of destruction by the govt of Azerbaijan. ...


Brief independence (1917–1920)

The Russian Empire ended in the October Revolution of 1917. In the aftermath, Armenian, Georgian and Muslim leaders of Transcaucasia united to form the Transcaucasian Federation and proclaimed Transcaucasia's secession. For other uses, see October Revolution (disambiguation). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... South Caucasus: Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan South Caucasus (also referred sometimes as Transcaucasus) is a name to the transitional region between Europe and Asia extending from the Greater Caucasus to the Turkish and Iranian borders, between the Black and Caspian seas. ... Flag Russian Transcaucasia immediately prior to the formation of the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Federation, however, was short-lived and on May 28, 1918, Yerevan became the capital of the Democratic Republic of Armenia. On November 29, 1920, the Bolshevik 11th Red Army occupied Yerevan during the Russian Civil War. Although nationalist forces managed to retake the city in February 1921, the city once again fell to Soviet forces on April 2, 1921. May 28 is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Motto None Anthem Mer Hayrenik (Our Fatherland) Map of the Democratic Republic of Armenia from March 1919 to March 1920. ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... For other uses, see Bolshevik (disambiguation). ... The 11th Soviet Red Army was a contingent of the then newly created Russian Red Army improvised by the Bolsheviks. ... Combatants Local Soviet powers led by Russian SFSR and Red Army Far Eastern Republic Chinese Volunteers White Movement Allied Intervention: Japan Czechoslovakia Greece  United States  Canada Serbia Romania  Turkey UK  France Foreign volunteers: Polish Italian Local nationalist movements, national states, and decentralist movements  German Empire  Mongolia Warlords Commanders Vladimir Lenin...


Soviet Yerevan

Yerevan's opera house was built between 1926 to 1953, as part of architect Alexander Tamanian's plans to redesign the city.
Yerevan's opera house was built between 1926 to 1953, as part of architect Alexander Tamanian's plans to redesign the city.

Yerevan became the capital of the newly formed Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, one of the fifteen republics of the Soviet Union. The Soviet era transformed the city into a modern industrial metropolis of over a million people, developed according to the prominent Armenian architect Alexander Tamanian's designs. Yerevan also became a significant scientific and cultural center. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Alexander Tamanian (1878-1936) was an Armenian architect, who is remembered today for his work in the city of Yerevan. ... State motto: Պրոլետարներ բոլոր երկրների, միացեք! (Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None. ... Alexander Tamanian (1878-1936) was an Armenian architect, who is remembered today for his work in the city of Yerevan. ...


Tamanian incorporated national traditions with contemporary urban construction. His design presented a radial-circular arrangement that overlaid the existing city. As a result, many historic buildings were demolished, including churches, mosques, the Persian fortress, baths, bazaars and caravanserais. Many of the surrounding districts around Yerevan were named after former Armenian communities that were decimated by the Ottoman Turks during the Armenian Genocide. The districts of Malatya-Sebastia and Nork Marash, for example, were named after the towns Malatya, Sivas, Turkey, and Marash, respectively. Following the end of the Second World War, German POWs were used to help in the construction of new buildings and structures, such as the Kievyan Bridge. Persia redirects here. ... A caravanserai (also spelt caravansarai, caravansary Persian كاروانسرا, Turkish: kervansaray), means home or shelter for caravans (caravan meaning a group or convoy of soldiers, traders or pilgrims engaged in long distance travel). ... The Ottoman Turks were the ethnic subdivision of the Turkish people who dominated the ruling class of the Ottoman Empire. ... Armenian Genocide photo. ... Malatia can also be a misspelling of the medical term Malacia. ... Sebastia: Sebastia: Sivas, Turkey is the provincial capital of Sivas Province in Turkey. ... A view from Kahramanmaraş (Around Intersection of Kibris Meydani and Trabzon Caddesi) Kahramanmaraş is the capital city of Kahramanmaraş Province in southeastern Turkey. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ...


In 1965, during the commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, Yerevan was the center of a 24-hour mass anti-Soviet protest, the first such demonstration in the Soviet Union, to demand recognition of the Genocide by the Soviet authorities.[8] In 1968, the city's 2,750th anniversary was commemorated. Armenian Genocide photo. ... The 1965 Yerevan Demonstrations were a 24 hour mass protest in Yerevan, Armenian SSR (today Armenia), to demand recognition of the Armenian Genocide. ...


Post-USSR independence

Following the end of the Soviet Union, Yerevan became the capital of the Republic of Armenia on September 21, 1991. is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ...


Maintaining supplies of gas and electricity proved difficult; a constant elecricity was not restored until 1996.


Geography

Yerevan from space.
Yerevan from space.

Yerevan is located in Eastern Armenia in the north-eastern part of the Ararat Valley. The upper part of the city is surrounded by mountains on three sides while to the south it descends to the banks of the river Hrazdan, a tributary of the river Arax. The Hrazdan divides Yerevan in two within a picturesque canyon. The city's elevation ranges between 900 to 1,300 m (3,000 to 4,300 ft) above sea level. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1346x884, 1580 KB)Image courtesy of Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory, NASA Johnson Space Center. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1346x884, 1580 KB)Image courtesy of Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory, NASA Johnson Space Center. ... Eastern Armenia was the portion of Ottoman Armenia and Persian Armenia that was ceded to the Russian Empire following the Russo-Turkish War, 1828-1829. ... Mount Ararat (Turkish: , Armenian: , Kurdish: , Greek: , Persian: , Russian: , Hebrew: , Tiberian Hebrew: ) is the tallest peak in Turkey. ... The Hrazdan (Armenian: ) is the major river of Armenia. ... Aras, Araks, Arax, Araxes, or Araz (Persian: ارس, Azerbaijani: Araz), is a river rising in Anatolia in Turkey, flowing along the Turkey-Armenia border, then along the Iran border, entering Azerbaijan, and falling into Kura river as a right tributary. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ...


As the capital of Armenia, Yerevan is not part of any marz ("province"). Instead, it borders the following marzer: Kotayk (north), Ararat (south), Armavir (southwest) and Aragatsotn (northwest). Armenia is subdivided into eleven administrative divisions. ... Kotayk is one of the provinces (marz) of Armenia . ... Ararat (Armenian: ) is one of the provinces (marz) of Armenia with capital in Artashat. ... Armavir (Armenian: ) is a province (marz) of Armenia with capital in Armavir. ... Aragatsotn is one of the provinces (marz) of Armenia. ...


Climate

Climate chart for Yerevan
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
23
 
-2
-9
 
 
25
 
1
-8
 
 
28
 
10
-1
 
 
48
 
19
6
 
 
53
 
24
10
 
 
23
 
31
14
 
 
15
 
34
17
 
 
8
 
33
18
 
 
13
 
28
13
 
 
23
 
21
7
 
 
31
 
10
1
 
 
28
 
3
-3
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: BBC Weather

The climate of Yerevan is relatively continental, with dry, hot summers and cold and short winters. The temperature in August can reach 40°C (104°F), while January may be as cold as -15°C (5°F). The amount of precipitation is small, amounting annually to about 350 mm (14 in). Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


Culture

The Opera House illuminated at night.

As a centre of Armenian culture, Yerevan is the site of Yerevan State University (1919), the Armenian Academy of Sciences, a historical museum, an opera house, a music conservatory and several technical institutes. The Matenadaran archives hold a rich collection of valuable ancient Armenian, Greek, Assyrian, Hebrew, Roman and Persian manuscripts. Yerevan has several large public libraries, a number of museums and theaters, botanical gardens and zoos. It is also at the heart of an extensive rail network and is a major trading centre for agricultural products. In addition, industries in the city produce metals, machine tools, electrical equipment, chemicals, textiles and food products. Download high resolution version (715x715, 103 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Queen (band) ... Download high resolution version (715x715, 103 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Queen (band) ... Yerevan State University (Armenian: ÔµÖ€Õ¥Õ¾Õ¡Õ¶Õ« ÕŠÕ¥Õ¿Õ¡Õ¯Õ¡Õ¶ Õ€Õ¡Õ´Õ¡Õ¬Õ½Õ¡Ö€Õ¡Õ¶) is a university, located in Yerevan, Armenia. ... The Matenadaran Institute building in Yerevan Mesrop Mashtots Matenadaran Institute of Ancient Manuscripts in Yerevan, Armenia, is one of the richest depositories of manuscripts and books in the world. ... The Aramaeans, or Arameans, were a Semitic, seminomadic and pastoralist people who originated and had lived in upper Mesopotamia and Syria. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Persia is the historical and alternative name for the state of Iran in the European languages. ...


Two major tourist attractions are the Opera House, the ruins of an Urartu fortress and a Roman fortress. The Armenia Marriott Hotel is situated in the heart of the city at Republic Square (also known as Hraparak). Urartu at its greatest extent 743 BC Urartu (Biainili in Urartian) was an ancient kingdom in the mountainous plateau between Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, and Caucasus mountains, later known as the Armenian Highland, and it centered around Lake Van (present-day eastern Turkey). ...


Transportation

Air

Yerevan is served by the Zvartnots International Airport, located 10 km west of the city center. The airport was bought by multi-millionaire Argentine-Armenian businessman Eduardo Eurnekian. It went through a facelift starting in 2004, with the opening of a new terminal in 2007, costing more than $100 million USD. Zvartnots International Airport (IATA: EVN, ICAO: UDYZ) is located near Zvartnots, about 10 km west of Yerevan, the capital city of Armenia. ...


A second airport, Erebuni Airport, is located just south of the city, but is mainly used by the military. Erebuni Airport (ICAO: UDYE) is a joint civil and military airport serving Yerevan and the country of Armenia. ...


Bus

Since 1949, trolleybuses operate the streets of Yerevan. The city used to have tramways as well, but these were decommissioned in January, 2004. A trolleybus in Arnhem An electric trolleybus (also known as trolley bus or trackless trolley or simply trolley) is a bus powered by two overhead electric wires, from which the bus draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... A modern tram in the Töölö district of Helsinki, Finland A tram (or tramway, trolley, streetcar, tramcar, Straßenbahn) is a railborne vehicle (lighter than a train) for transport of passengers (or, occasionally, freight). ...


Metro

The Yerevan Metro is a rapid transit system that serves the capital city. Its interior resembles that of western former Soviet nations with chandeliers hanging from the corridors. The metro stations had most of their names changed after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Independence of the Republic of Armenia. The Yerevan Metro (Armenian: Երեւանի մետրոպոլիտեն, Erevani metropoliten; Russian: ) is a rapid transit system in Yerevan, Armenia. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ...


Economy

A view of Mashtots Avenue from the Matenadaran.
A view of Mashtots Avenue from the Matenadaran.

Yerevan is Armenia's industrial, transportation, and cultural center. Manufactures include chemicals, primary metals, machinery, rubber products, plastics, textiles, and processed food. Not only is Yerevan the headquarters of major Armenian companies, but of international ones as well, as it's seen as an attractive outsourcing location for Western European, Russian and American multinationals. Recently, Lycos moved its headquarters from Paris to Yerevan.[citation needed] Yerevan is also the country's financial hub, home to the Armenian National Bank, the Armenian Stock Exchange, as well as some of the country's largest commercial banks. Picture of Yerevan File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Picture of Yerevan File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Saint Mesrop Mashtots (Armenian:Մեսրոպ Մաշտոց) (360 - February 17, 440) was an Armenian monk, theologian and linguist. ... The Matenadaran Institute building in Yerevan Mesrop Mashtots Matenadaran Institute of Ancient Manuscripts in Yerevan, Armenia, is one of the richest depositories of manuscripts and books in the world. ... A machine is any mechanical or electrical device that transmits or modifies energy to perform or assist in the performance of tasks. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the type of fabric. ... Lycos is an Internet search engine and web portal. ...


Development

Recently, Yerevan has been undergoing an ambitious redevelopment process in which old Soviet-style apartments and buildings are being demolished and replaced with modern buildings. However, this urban renewal plan has been met with opposition and ([1]) criticism from some residents. Jermaine Jackson has planned to build an entertainment complex in a new 5-star hotel which is being built in the city. Jermaine LaJaune Jackson (now a. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Mayors of Yerevan

Soviet Armenia (1922-1991)

Artashes Geghamyan (Armenian: ), b. ...

Republic of Armenia (1991-Present)

  • 1990-1992: Hambartsoum Galstyan
  • 1992-1996: Vahagn Khachatryan
  • 1996: Ashot Mirzoyan
  • 1996-1998: Vano Siradeghyan
  • 1998-1999: Suren Abrahamyan
  • 1999-2001: Albert Bazeyan
  • 2001-2003: Robert Nazaryan
  • 2003-Present: Yervand Zakharyan

Yervand Zakharyan is the current mayor of Yerevan. ...

Monuments, movie theaters and other buildings

Cascades Massive white steps that ascend from downtown Yerevan towards Haghtanak Park (Victory Park).
Cossack Monument A monument to the Cossacks killed during the Russian-Persian wars in 1826-1827.
Hamalir Concert hall and sports complex.
Matenadaran Institute of Ancient Manuscripts. One of the richest depositories of manuscripts and books in the world.
Moscow Cinema (Kino Moskva)     Famous movie theater.
Mother Armenia A statue located in Haghtanak Park (Victory Park).
Nairi Cinema (Kino Nairi) Famous movie theater.
Pantheon Cemetery Cemetery where many famous Armenians are buried.
Sasuntsi Davit A statue dedicated to a famous Armenian hero.
Statue of Hayk Statue of a legendary patriarch and founder of the Armenian nation.
Tsitsernakaberd Monument commemorating the victims of the Armenian Genocide.
Yerablur Cemetery where Armenians that fought in the Nagorno-Karabakh War are buried.
Yerevan Zoo Yerevan zoo.

Russo-Persian Wars 1722–23 – 1796 – 1804–13 – 1826–28 The Russo-Persian War of 1826-1828 was the last major military conflict between the Russian Empire and the Persian Empire. ... The Matenadaran Institute building in Yerevan Mesrop Mashtots Matenadaran Institute of Ancient Manuscripts in Yerevan, Armenia, is one of the richest depositories of manuscripts and books in the world. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is entitled For other uses of David, see David (disambiguation). ... Statue of Haik in Yerevan Haik (Also spelled Hayk or Haig) is the legendary patriarch and establisher of the first Armenian nation. ... For other senses, see Patriarch (disambiguation). ... Tsitsernakaberd (Armenian: ) is a memorial dedicated to the the victims of the Armenian Genocide located on a hill overlooking Yerevan, Armenia. ... Armenian Genocide photo. ... General Andraniks memorial at the Yerablur memorial Yerablur (Armenian: ) is a military cemetery located on a hilltop in the outskirts of Yerevan. ... Combatants Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh1 Republic of Armenia 2 CIS mercenaries Republic of Azerbaijan Afghan Mujahideen 3 Chechen Volunteers 4 CIS mercenaries Commanders Samvel Babayan, Hemayag Haroyan, Monte Melkonian, Vazgen Sargsyan, Arkady Ter-Tatevosyan İsgandar Hamidov, Suret Huseynov, Rahim Gaziev, Shamil Basayev Casualties 6,000 dead, 25,000 wounded 17... 10th birthday anniversary of elephant Grant at Yerevans Zoo. ...

City districts

Yerevan is divided into several districts, each with an elected community leader: Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ...

  • Malatia-Sebastia
  • Nor-Nork
  • Nork-Marash
  • Nubarashen
  • Qanaqer-Zeytun
  • Shengavit

* Named for the town Arabkir. Arabkir District is the second largest district in Yerevan. ... Qanaqer-Zeytun is located on North-East of Yerevan. ... Arabkir, on Arabgir (Byz. ...


Sister cities

Currently, Yerevan has twenty-eight sister cities. Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm Town twinning or sister cities is a concept whereby towns or cities from geographically and politically distinct areas are paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

City Country Year
Moscow Flag of Russia Russia
Rostov-on-Don Flag of Russia Russia
Saint Petersburg Flag of Russia Russia
Stavropol Flag of Russia Russia
Volgograd Flag of Russia Russia From 1998
Lyon Flag of France France
Nice Flag of France France From 2007[9]
Marseille Flag of France France
Paris Flag of France France From 1998
Carrara Flag of Italy Italy
Florence Flag of Italy Italy
Kiev Flag of Ukraine Ukraine
Odessa Flag of Ukraine Ukraine
Los Angeles Flag of the United States United States From 2006[10]
Cambridge, MA Flag of the United States United States
Buenos Aires Flag of Argentina Argentina
São Paulo Flag of Brazil Brazil From 1999
Montreal Flag of Canada Canada
Athens Flag of Greece Greece
Bratislava Flag of Slovakia Slovakia
Chişinău Flag of Moldova Moldova
Minsk Flag of Belarus Belarus
Podgorica Flag of Montenegro Montenegro From 2006
Tbilisi Flag of Georgia (country) Georgia
Beirut Flag of Lebanon Lebanon
Damascus Flag of Syria Syria
Isfahan Flag of Iran Iran
Antananarivo Flag of Madagascar Madagascar

For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Central market and Church in Rostov. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Stavropol (Russian: ) is a city located in south-western Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Volgograd (Russian: ), formerly called Tsaritsyn (Russian: ) (1598–1925) and Stalingrad (Russian: ) (1925–1961) is a city and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... This article is about the French city. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Alpes-Maritimes (06) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration Nice Côte dAzur Mayor Jacques Peyrat (UMP) (since 1995) Statistics Land area¹ 71. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban Community of Marseille Provence M... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Carrara is a city in the Massa Carrara province of Tuscany, Italy, famous for the white or blue-gray marble quarried there. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... This article is about the city in Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... The ODESSA, which stands for the German phrase Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen, which phrase in turn translates as “Organization of Former Members of the SS,” is the name commonly given to an international Nazi network alleged to have been set up towards the end of World War II... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - City  7. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... São Paulo (the Portuguese name of Saint Paul) is the capital of the state of São Paulo in southeastern Brazil. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Nickname: Location of Bratislava within Slovakia Coordinates: , Country Region Districts Bratislava I-V City subdivisions 17 city boroughs Cadastral areas 20 cadastral areas First mentioned 907 Government  - Type City council  - Mayor (Primátor) Andrej ÄŽurkovský  - Headquarters Primates Palace Area [1]  - City 367. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... Status Municipality Founded 1436 Area 635 km² Population (2004) 647,513 [1] - density 1,114 inh/km² - rank 1st Localities (total): 35 - cities 7 - communes 12 - unincorporated 16 Mayor Dorin Chirtoacă, since 2007 Council 51 members, since 2007 - Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 16 - Liberal Party (Moldova... Image File history File links Flag_of_Moldova. ... Location of Minsk, shown within the Minsk Voblast Coordinates: Country Subdivision Belarus Minsk Founded 1067 Government  - Mayor Mikhail Pavlov Area  - City 305. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belarus. ... Coordinates Mayor Dr. Miomir MugoÅ¡a (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 1,441 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 136,473 169,132 117,4 pop per km² Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Before 12th Century as Birziminium Area code +382 81 Car... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montenegro. ... Anthem Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, Bright Dawn of May Montenegro() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Demonym Montenegrin Government Republic  -  President Filip Vujanović  -  Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence due to the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro   -  Declared June 3, 2006... Location of Tbilisi in Georgia Coordinates: , Country Georgia Established c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Georgia. ... This article is about the Lebanese city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... For other uses, see Damascus (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Syria. ... Part of Shah Abbas large urban project in his new capital, the Chahār Bāgh Four Gardens, is a four-kilometer avenue in the city of Isfahan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... Nickname: Location of Antananarivo (red dot) in Madagascar Country Madagascar Founded 1625 Population (2001 census)  - City 1,403,449 Antananarivo (pronounced IPA [æntəˌnænəˈɹiːvoÊŠ] or [ɑːntəˌnɑːnəˈɹiːvoÊŠ]), population 1,403,449 (2001 census), is the capital of Madagascar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Madagascar. ...

Education

Universities

Universities in Yerevan include:

Institute Official website Date
established
Student
population
American University of Armenia AUA http://www.aua.am 1991 268
Eurasia International University EIU http://eurasiaiu.com/en/eiu 1996 550
State Engineering University of Armenia SEUA http://www.seua.am 1933 10,000
Yerevan State University YSU http://www.ysu.am May 16, 1919 10,450
Yerevan State Linguistic University YSLU http://www.brusov.am February 4, 1935
Yerevan State Medical University YSMU http://www.ysmu.am 1930
Yerevan State Musical Conservatory YSC http://www.conservatory.am 1921
Yerevan State Pedagogical University YSPU 1922
Russian-Armenian State University RAU http://www.rau.am August 29, 1997 1,600

The American University of Armenia (AUA) offers Master’s level graduate programs that are intended to develop critical analysis and depth of knowledge through advanced coursework, independent study, and research. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... // Eurasia International University (EIU) is a leading Armenian university providing high quality education to a variety of local and international students. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Logo Of SEUA State Engineering University of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Պետական Ճարտարագիտական Համալսարան) is a technical university located in Yerevan, Armenia that is a successor to Yerevan Politechnic Institute established in 1933 provides educational and research programs in various fields of technology and science related to engineering. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Yerevan State University (Armenian: Երեվանի Պետական Համալսարան) is a university, located in Yerevan, Armenia. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Yerevan State Linguistic University after V. Bryusov (YSLU) (Armenian: ), is a university in Yerevan, Armenia, which trains specialists in Russian, English, French, German, Spanish languages, practical psychology, history, political science, area studies and other humanities. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Yerevan State Medical University (YSMU) is a leading medical school in Yerevan, Armenia. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Yerevan Komitas State Musical Conservatory is a musical academy in Yerevan, Armenia. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Russian-Armenian State University (RAU) (also known as Russian-Armenian (Slavonic) University) is located in Yerevan, Armenia in the Arabkir district. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ...

Sports

Football (soccer) teams

Logo Club Stadium
FC Ararat Yerevan Hrazdan Stadium
FC Banants Banants Stadium
FC Kilikia Yerevan Hrazdan Stadium
FC Uliss Yerevan Kazak Stadium
FC MIKA Mika Stadium
FC Pyunik Hanrapetakan Stadium
Yerevan United FC Hanrapetakan Stadium
FC Dinamo Yerevan
Erebuni Yerevan
Kanaz Yerevan
Lernayin Artsakh
Malatia Yerevan
Nairit Yerevan
Van Yerevan
Yerazank Yerevan
FC Yerevan

Image File history File links Ararat_logo. ... FC Ararat Yerevan (Armenian: Ֆուտբոլային Ակումբ Արարատ Երեւան), is an Armenian football club that won the Soviet championship in 1973. ... Hrazdan Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Yerevan, Armenia. ... Image File history File links Banants-Yerevan. ... FC Banants (Armenian: Ֆուտբոլային Ակումբ Բանանց Երեւան), is an Armenian football (soccer) team, playing in the capital, Yerevan. ... Banants Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Yerevan, Armenia, built in 2006. ... Image File history File links Kilikia_logo. ... FC Kilikia (Armenian: Ֆուտբոլային Ակումբ Կիլիկիա Երեւան), is an Armenian football club, playing in Yerevan. ... Hrazdan Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Yerevan, Armenia. ... Image File history File links Uliss_Erevan. ... FC Uliss Yerevan (Armenian: Ֆուտբոլային Ակումբ Ուլիս Երեւան), is an Armenia football club based in Yerevan. ... Kazak Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Ashtarak, Armenia. ... Image File history File links MikaLogo. ... FC MIKA (Armenian: Ֆուտբոլային Ակումբ Միկա Երեւան) is an Armenian football team, playing in the capital, Yerevan. ... Mika Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Yerevan, Armenia. ... Image File history File links Pyunik. ... FC Pyunik (Armenian: Ֆուտբոլային Ակումբ Փյունիկ Երեւան), founded in 1991, is one of the most popular football clubs in Armenia. ... Hanrapetakan Stadium (Armenian: Հանրապետական մարզադաշտ, English: Republican Stadium) is a multi-use stadium in Yerevan, Armenia. ... Image File history File links Yerevan_United_FC.png‎ This is a logo of a corporation, team, or other organization related to sports, and is protected by copyright and/or trademark. ... Yerevan United Football Club (Armenian: Երևան Յունայթդ) is an Armenian football club. ... Hanrapetakan Stadium (Armenian: Հանրապետական մարզադաշտ, English: Republican Stadium) is a multi-use stadium in Yerevan, Armenia. ... FC Dinamo Yerevan is an Armenian football club that is based in Yerevan and currently plays in the Armenian First League. ... Erebuni Yerevan is an Armenian football club from Yerevan. ... Kanaz Yerevan is an Armenian football club from Yerevan. ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Malatia Yerevan is an Armenian football club from Yerevan. ... Nairit Yerevan is an Armenian football club from Yerevan. ... Van Yerevan is an Armenian football club from Yerevan. ... Yerazank Yerevan is an Armenian football club from Yerevan. ... FC Yerevan (Armenian: Ֆուտբոլային Ակումբ Երեւան), was an Armenia football club based in Yerevan. ...

Notable people

Notable people who are from or have resided in Yerevan:

Portrait of Khachatur Abovian Khachatur Abovian (Armenian: ) (15 October 1805–1848) was an Armenian writer and national public figure of the early 19th century who mysteriously vanished in 1848 and was presumed dead. ... Vladimir Akopian (Russian: ); born December 7, 1971 in Baku) is a leading Armenian chess Grandmaster. ... Viktor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian (Վիկտոր Համբարձումյան in Armenian, Виктор Амазаспович Амбарцум&#1103... Levon Aronian (born October 6, 1982) is an Armenian chess player. ... Alexander Grigori Arutiunian (b. ... Cover of his biography by Nina Tsyrkun Armen Dzhigarkhanyan and Claude Jade in Teheran 43 in 1981 Armen Dzigarkhanyan (Armenian: , Russian: , b. ... Gevorg Emin (Ô³Ö‡Õ¸Ö€Õ£ Ô·Õ´Õ«Õ¶, September 30, 1918 - June 11, 1998) was an Armenian poet, essayist, and translator, was born Gevorg Muradian, the son of a school teacher, in the town of Ashtarak. ... Djivan Gasparyan (Armenian: born 1928 in Solag, Armenia) is an Armenian musician and composer. ... Silva (Sirvard) Barunaki Kaputikyan (Սիլվա Ô¿Õ¡ÕºÕ¸Ö‚Õ¿Õ«Õ¯ÕµÕ¡Õ¶ in Armenian) was a 20th century Armenian writer and poet (20 January 1919 - 25 August 2006). ... Sergey Khachatryan (Armenian: Սերգեյ Ô½Õ¡Õ¹Õ¡Õ¿Ö€ÕµÕ¡Õ¶; also spelled Sergei Khachatryan) is an Armenian violinist. ... Aram Ilich Khachaturian (Armenian: Ô±Ö€Õ¡Õ´ Ô½Õ¡Õ¹Õ¡Õ¿Ö€ÕµÕ¡Õ¶, Aram Xačatryan; Russian: Аpaм Ильич XaчaÑ‚ypян, Aram Ilič Hačaturjan) (June 6, 1903 – May 1, 1978) was a composer of classical music. ... Edgar Manucharyan (b. ... Armen Movsessian (Armenian: , born in Yerevan, Armenia) is a violin player. ... Shavo Odadjian (Armenian: ) (born April 22, 1974, Yerevan, Armenian SSR as Shavarsh Odadjian) is the bassist for the Armenian American-based alternative metal band System of a Down and a member of the group Achozen. ... For the bands self-titled album, see System of a Down (album). ... Sergei Parajanov and Lilya Brik, a sister of Aragons wife Elsa Triolet. ... Sargis Sargsian (born June 3, 1973) is a tennis player from Yerevan, Armenia. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Martiros Saryan (Armenian: ) (28 February [O.S. 16 February] 1880 — 5 May 1972) was a Russian-born Armenian painter. ... Alexander Shirvanzadeh real name : Alexander Movsesyan, He was born April 7, 1858 in Shamakhi, and died August 7, 1935 in Yerevan) was an Armenian playwright and novelist. ... Levon Ter-Petrossian (Armenian: Ô¼Ö‡Õ¸Õ¶ Տեր-ÕŠÕ¥Õ¿Ö€Õ¸Õ½ÕµÕ¡Õ¶ Russian: Левон Тер-Петросян) (born January 9, 1945 in Aleppo, Syria in a family of a Syrian Communist) was the President of Armenia from 1991 to 1998. ... Samvel Yervinyan (Armenian: , born January 25, 1966 in Yerevan, Armenia) is a musician and composer. ...

Gallery

Yerevan

Historical photographs of Yerevan under Imperial Russia

See also

Radio Yerevan, or Armenian Radio jokes were very popular in the Soviet Union and in other Communist countries of the ex-Eastern bloc since the second half of the 20th century. ... Zvartnots Airport (the IATA airport code is EVN) is located near Zvartnots, about 10 km west of Yerevan, the capital city of Armenia. ... Yerevan Physics Institute (Armenian: ) is a research and development institute, located in Yerevan, Armenia. ... The Yerevan Metro (Armenian: ÔµÖ€Õ¥Ö‚Õ¡Õ¶Õ« Õ´Õ¥Õ¿Ö€Õ¸ÕºÕ¸Õ¬Õ«Õ¿Õ¥Õ¶, Erevani metropoliten; Russian: ) is a rapid transit system in Yerevan, Armenia. ... Yerevan TV Tower as seen from the Nork highway Yerevan TV Tower is a 311. ... Yerevan Drive Yervan Drive is a first armenian 3D game. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Capital city with population by country. Retrieved on 2007-01-25.
  2. ^ Katsenelinboĭgen, Aron (1990). The Soviet Union: Empire, Nation and Systems. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 143. ISBN 0887383327. 
  3. ^ a b c d e (Armenian) Baghdasaryan A., Simonyan A, et al. Երևան (Yerevan). The Soviet Armenian Encyclopedia. Yerevan, Armenian SSR, vol. III, 1977, 548-564
  4. ^ Encyclopaedia Iranica (George A. Bournoutian and Robert H. Hewsen, Erevan)
  5. ^ Ferro, Mark (2003). The Use and Abuse of History: How the Past Is Taught to Children. London: Routledge, 233. ISBN 0415285925. 
  6. ^ Kirakossian, Arman J. (2003). British Diplomacy and the Armenian Question: From the 1830s to 1914. New York: Gomidas Institute Books, 142. ISBN 1884630073. 
  7. ^ (Russian) Erivan in the Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1890-1907.
  8. ^ Suny, Ronald Grigor (1993). The Revenge of the Past: Nationalism, Revolution, and the Collapse of the Soviet Union. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 122. ISBN 0804722471. 
  9. ^ http://armenpress.am/eng/news/culture.htm
  10. ^ http://clkrep.lacity.org/councilfiles/05-1748_rpt_cla_10-17-06.pdf

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Ronald Grigor Suny is Emeritus Professor of political science at the University of Chicago; he has previously been the Charles Tilly Collegiate Professor of Social and Political History and the first holder of the Alex Manoogian Chair in Modern Armenian History, at the University of Michigan. ...

References

  • The capitals of Armenia, Sergey Vardanyan, Apolo 1995 , ISBN 5-8079-0778-7
  • My Yerevan, G. Zakoyan, M. Sivaslian, V. Navasardian, Acnalis 2001, ISBN 99930-902-0-4

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Yerewan
  • Yerevan Municipality webpage in Armenian, English and Russian
  • Yerevan.ru - The capital of Armenia online (Russian)
  • Erebuni History and excavation description, edited by Rick Ney
  • - Online News From Armenia. Edited by John Hughes.
  • Yerevan article on Armeniapedia
  • Yerevan article on Cilicia.com
  • Armenia Info Yerevan page
  • The Yerevan Metro system
  • Interactive CD - Yerevan Virtual

  Results from FactBites:
 
Yerevan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1230 words)
Yerevan (Armenian: Երեւան or Երևան; sometimes written as Erevan; former names include Erebuni and Erivan) (population: 1,088,300 (2004 estimate) [1]) is one of the provinces in Armenia and the largest city and capital of Armenia.
Yerevan was seized and pillaged by Tamerlane in 1387.
Yerevan was liberated by Russian troops under Ivan Paskevich during the second Russian-Persian war on 1 October 1827 and formally ceded by the Persians in 1828.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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