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Encyclopedia > Yellowknife, Northwest Territories
City of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories
Downtown Yellowknife

Flag

Seal
Motto: Multum In Parvo (Much In Little)
Coordinates: 62°27′N, 114°24′W
Country Canada
Territory Northwest Territories
Region North Slave Region
Established 1936/1937
Government
 - City Mayor Gordon Van Tighem
 - Governing Body Consensus government
 - Legislature List of Yellowknife MPs and MLAs
Area
 - City 105.20 km²  (40.6 sq mi)
Elevation 200 m (656 ft)
Population (2006)[1]
 - City 18,700
 - Density 157.2/km² (407.1/sq mi)
 - 2004 city est 19,056
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
Website: City of Yellowknife

Yellowknife is the capital of Canada's Northwest Territories, with a population of 18,700 as of 2006.[1] Located on the north shore of Great Slave Lake on the west side of Yellowknife Bay near the outlet of the Yellowknife River, Yellowknife and its surrounding waterbodies were named after the local Yellowknives tribe, who made tools from regional copper deposits. The current population is ethnically mixed. Of the eight official languages of the Northwest Territories, five are spoken in significant numbers in Yellowknife: Chipewyan, Tli Cho, South and North Slavey, English, and French. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 520 KB)Downtown Yellowknife, Northwest Territories from pilots monument File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Flag of the City of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories File links The following pages link to this file: Yellowknife, Northwest Territories User:Trevor macinnis/My images Categories: Flag images ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1200 pixel, file size: 594 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is a representation of a government, military, regimental, family, or other symbol such as a flag, seal, emblem, coat of arms or crest. ... A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... map of Great Slave Lake and Lake Athabasca File links The following pages link to this file: Yellowknife, Northwest Territories Great Slave Lake User:Geo Swan ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... The North Slave Region is one of five administrative regions in the Northwest Territories. ... Consensus government is a system of government which does not elect members of political parties but rather rule based on consensus. ... The MPs and MLAs of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada Dennis Bevington Charles Dent, Bill Braden, David Ramsay, Sandy Lee, Hon. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre (or meter, see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Motto: none Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Official languages Chipewyan, Cree, English, French, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey, TłįchÇ« [1] Government - Commissioner Tony Whitford - Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government (no party affiliations)) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 1 - Senate seats 1 Confederation 1870... Mackenzie River drainage basin showing Great Slave Lakes position in the Western Canadian Arctic Great Slave Lake (French: Grand lac des Esclaves) is the second largest lake in the Northwest Territories of Canada (behind Great Bear Lake), the deepest lake in North America at 614 meters (2,015 ft. ... The Yellowknife River is a river in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... The Yellowknives, Yellow Knives, Copper Indians, Red Knives or Tatsaotine are one of the five main groups of the Dene First Nation that live in the Northwest Territories of Canada. ... The Chipewyan are an aboriginal people in Canada. ... The Tli Cho (TłįchÇ«) First Nation, formerly known as the Dogrib, are an Aboriginal Canadian people living in the Northwest Territories (NWT). ... The Slavey language is a spoken language used among the Slavey Native American people of Canada. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


In the Dogrib language, the city is called Somba K'e ("where the money is"). Dogrib is a language spoken by the First Nations Dogrib people of the Canadian territory Northwest Territories. ...

Contents

History

Traditionally, First Nations people had occupied this region and by the 1800s they had a settlement on a point of land on the east side of Yellowknife Bay, a community now known as Dettah. The current municipal area of Yellowknife was occupied as a result of work by prospectors who ventured into the region in the mid-1930s. First Nations is a term of ethnicity used in Canada. ... A small Dene community just outside Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. ...


Gold was first reported in the area of Yellowknife Bay in the late 19th century when a Klondike bound prospector named E.A. Blakeney found some gold samples. The discovery was viewed as unimportant in those days because of the Klondike stampede and because Great Slave Lake was too far away to attract attention. GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... Hunker Creek Valley, Klondike The Klondike is a region of the Yukon Territory in northwest Canada, east of the Alaska border. ...


In the late 1920s, aircraft were being used to explore Canada's arctic regions. Interesting showings of radium and silver were being uncovered at Great Bear Lake in the early 1930s, and prospectors began fanning out to find additional metals. In 1933 two prospectors, Herb Dixon and Johnny Baker, canoed down the Yellowknife River from Great Bear Lake to survey for possible mineral deposits. In that season they found an interesting gold showing at Quyta Lake, about 30 kilometres (19 mi) up the Yellowknife River, and another gold find at Homer Lake. Great Bear Lake, NWT, Canada Mackenzie River drainage basin showing Great Bear Lakes position in the Western Canadian Arctic Great Bear Lake (Slavey: Sahtu, French: Grand lac de lOurs) is the largest lake in the Northwest Territories of Canada, the fourth largest in North America, and the eight...


The following year, Johnny Baker returned as part of a larger crew to develop the previous gold finds and search for more. Gold was found on the east side of Yellowknife Bay in 1934 and the short-lived Burwash Mine was developed. When government geologists uncovered gold in more favourable geology on the west side of Yellowknife Bay in the fall of 1935, a small staking rush occurred. The Con Mine was the most impressive gold deposit and its development created the excitement that led to the first settlement of Yellowknife in 1936-1937. The Con Mine entered production on September 5, 1938. The Con Mine was a large gold mine located in the Northwest Territories, at Yellowknife. ... September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The population of Yellowknife grew quickly to 1000 by 1940 and by 1942 five gold mines were in production in the Yellowknife region. By 1944 gold production had ceased as workers were needed in the war effort. A recruiting poster in Canada. ...


By 1944, an exploration program at the Giant Mine property on the north end of town had suggested a sizable gold deposit. This new find resulted in a massive post-war staking rush to Yellowknife. It also resulted in new discoveries at the Con Mine, extending the life of the mine greatly. The Yellowknife townsite expanded from the Old Town waterfront, and the new townsite was established during 1945-1946. The Giant Mine was a large gold mine located at Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. ...


From 1950 to 1969, the Discovery Mine, with its own townsite, operated 81 km to the north-northeast. The Discovery Mine was a gold mine 90 kilometers north of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories that operated between 1950 and 1969. ...


Between 1939 and 1953, Yellowknife was controlled by the Northern Affairs department of the Government of Canada. A small council, partially elected and partially appointed, made decisions. But by 1953, Yellowknife had grown so much it was made a municipality, with its own council and town hall. The first mayor of Yellowknife was "Jock" McNiven. Bold text The Canada wordmark, used by most agencies of the Canadian federal government. ... John G. Jock McNiven was a mine engineer, mine operator and politician from the Northwest Territories, Canada. ...


In September 1967, Yellowknife officially became the capital of the Northwest Territories. This important new status provided what has been coined as the third boom in Yellowknife, as housing went up in new subdivisions of town to accommodate an influx of government workers.


In 1978 The Soviet Nuclear powered satellite Cosmos 954 crashed to earth near Yellowknife. There were no known casualties although a small quantity of radioactive nuclear fuel was released into the environment and "operation morning light" -an attempt to retrieve it was only partially successful. Cosmos 954 was a Soviet Radar Ocean Reconnaissance Satellite (RORSAT) with an onboard nuclear reactor. ...


In 1991 a new mining rush and fourth building boom for Yellowknife began with the discovery of diamonds 300 kilometres (190 mi) north of the city. The Ekati Diamond Mine opened in 1998. A second mine, Diavik Diamond Mine, began production in 2003. Production from the two operating mines in 2004 was 12,618,000 carats (2,500 kg) valued at over C$2.1 billion. This ranked Canada third in world diamond production by value, and sixth by weight. A third mine, De Beers' "Snap Lake" project, received final approval and funding in 2005, with plans for production in 2007. The Ekati Diamond Mine is Canadas first operational diamond mining operation. ... The Diavik Diamond Mine is a very large diamond mine located in the Northwest Territories, about 300 km north of Yellowknife. ... De Beers was founded in South Africa in 1888 and today comprises rough diamond exploration, mining and trading companies. ...


The last of the gold mines closed in Yellowknife in 2004. Today Yellowknife is primarily a government town and a service centre for the diamond mines.

Downtown Yellowknife

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 598 KB)A view of downtonw Yellowknife, Northwest Territories File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 598 KB)A view of downtonw Yellowknife, Northwest Territories File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Climate and Physical Geography

Yellowknife has a semi-arid subarctic climate and averages less than 300 millimeters (12 in) of precipitation annually, as the city lies in the rain shadow of mountain ranges to the west. Thanks to its location on Great Slave Lake, Yellowknife has a frost-free growing season that averages slightly over 100 days. Most of the limited precipitation falls between June and October, with April being the driest month of the year. Snow that falls in winter accumulates on the ground until the spring thaw. Semi-arid generally describes regions that receive low annual rainfall (25 to 50 cm /10 to 20 in) and generally have scrub or grass vegetation. ... The subarctic is a region in the Northern Hemisphere immediately south of the true Arctic and covering much of Canada and Siberia, the north of Scandinavia, northern Mongolia and the Chinese province of Heilongjiang. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... For the television series see Rain Shadow. ... In agriculture, the growing season is the period of each year when crops can be grown. ...

Weather averages for Yellowknife
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high °C -22.7 -18.6 -11.2 0.4 10.6 18.2 21.1 18.2 10.3 1.0 -9.9 -19.7 -0.2
Avg low °C -30.9 -28.1 -23.3 -11.0 0.5 8.7 12.4 10.3 3.8 -4.4 -17.7 -27.7 -9.0
Avg high °F -8.9 -1.5 11.8 32.7 51.1 64.8 70.0 64.8 50.5 33.8 14.2 3.5 31.6
Avg low °F -23.6 -18.5 -9.9 12.2 32.9 47.7 54.3 50.5 38.8 24.1 0.1 -17.9 15.8
Precipitation (mm) 14.1 12.9 13.4 10.8 19.1 26.9 35.0 40.9 32.9 35.0 23.5 16.3 151.8
Precipitation (in) 0.56 0.51 0.53 0.43 0.75 1.06 1.38 1.61 1.30 1.38 0.93 0.64 5.98
Source: Environment Canada[2] Jan 2007


Yellowknife is located on the Canadian Shield, which was scoured down to rock during the last ice age. The surrounding landscape is very rocky and slightly rolling, with many small lakes in addition to Great Slave Lake. Trees such as pine and birch are abundant in the area as are smaller bushes, but there are also many areas of relatively bare rock with lichen. Canadian Shield The Canadian Shield— also called the Precambrian Shield, Laurentian Shield, Bouclier Canadien (French), or Laurentian Plateau— is a large shield covered by a thin layer of soil that forms the nucleus of the North American craton. ...


Culture

Yellowknife, like other frontier mining towns, has a colourful culture and society.

  • Raven Mad Daze is a street festival celebrated every year as part of the Solstice Festival, by the residents of Yellowknife, and across the north. Street concerts, events, games for the youths, monster bingo for the adults (ranging to $100,000) Canadian bands Three Days Grace, Nickelback, and Billy Talent are said to perform this year of 2007.[citation needed]
  • The Wildcat Cafe
  • The Gold Range
  • Events such as the Float Plane Fly-In, Folk On the Rocks, Raven Mad Daze and the Midnight Sun Golf Tournament, Snowking Winter Festival, and Caribou Carnival.
  • The Ingraham Trail, local fishing lodges, aviation culture, Old Town architecture.
  • The Northern Arts and Cultural Centre located in Sir John Franklin High School is the city's largest indoor stage for theatre and musical presentations.

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Nickelback is a post-grunge/hard rock band formed in Hanna, Alberta, Canada in 1995 by Chad Kroeger, Mike Kroeger and Ryan Vikedal. ... Billy Talent are a Canadian band from Mississauga. ... The Wildcat Cafe is a popular summer restaurant in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada. ... The Gold Range, also known as the Strange Range, has been a Yellowknife rough and tumble bar, hotel and cafe complex since it opened in 1958. ... An annual festival held each March in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada. ...

Media

Radio

Mediumwave radio transmissions (sometimes called Medium frequency or MF) are those between the frequencies of 300 kHz and 3000 kHz. ... CFYK is a Canadian radio station, broadcasting at 1340 AM in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. ... CBC Radio One is the English language news and information radio network of the publicly-owned Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... FM radio is a broadcast technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that uses frequency modulation to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio. ... CBC Radio Two is an FM radio network in Canada, operated by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... CJCD, branded as Mix 100, is a Canadian radio station broadcasting at 100. ... Adult contemporary music, frequently abbreciated to just AC, is a type of radio format that plays mainstream and pop music, without hip-hop or rap since, as per the name, it is geared more towards adults than teens. ... CKLB is a Canadian radio station, broadcasting at FM 101. ... Community radio is a type of radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area, broadcasting material that is popular to a local audience but is overlooked by more powerful broadcast groups. ... CIVR is a Canadian radio station, broadcasting at 103. ... Community radio is a type of radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area, broadcasting material that is popular to a local audience but is overlooked by more powerful broadcast groups. ...

Television

  • Channel 8 - CFYK, CBC North
  • Channel 11 - CHTY, APTN
  • Channel 13 - CH4127, SRC

CFYK is the television call sign for the CBCs television station in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. ... CBC North is the name for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporations radio and television service in the Canadian Arctic. ... Aboriginal Peoples Television Network, or APTN, is a Canadian television network which airs and produces programming made by, for, and about Aboriginal peoples in Canada. ... CBFT is the flagship station of the Radio-Canada network in Montreal, Quebec. ... Télévision de Radio-Canada, often simply Radio-Canada, is the main French language television service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ...

Regional Mines

Yellowknife was originally established as a supply center for numerous gold mines operating in the region in the late 1930s and early 1940s. The following is a list of the major mines, all of which are now closed. There were also tungsten, tantalum, and uranium mines in the vicinity.

The Con Mine was a large gold mine located in the Northwest Territories, at Yellowknife. ... The Giant Mine was a large gold mine located at Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. ... The Ptarmigan and Tom Mine were gold producers located in the Northwest Territories, at Yellowknife. ... Negus Mine was a gold producer at Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada, from 1939 to 1952. ... The Burwash Mine was a small gold property discovered in the fall of 1934 by Johnny Baker and Hugh Muir at Yellowknife Bay, Northwest Territories. ... The Thompson-Lundmark Mine was a gold producer from 1941-1943, and 1947-1949 near Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. ... The Discovery Mine was a gold mine 90 kilometers north of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories that operated between 1950 and 1969. ... The Camlaren Mine was a small gold producer north-east of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories at Gordon Lake. ... The Beaulieu Mine was a post-World War II gold mining operation near Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. ... The Outpost Island Mine was a gold and tungsten producer from 1941-1942, and 1951-1952 near Yellowknife, Northwest Territories on an island of Great Slave Lake. ... The Ruth Mine was a small gold producer near Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. ... The Rayrock Mine was a uranium producing venture in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ...

References

  1. ^ a b 2006_Census
  2. ^ Canadian climate normals for 1971 to 2000, Environment Canada (2004). Retrieved on 2007-01-01.

Environment Canada is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for coordinating environmental policies and programs as well as preserving and enhancing the natural environment and conservation of wildlife. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ...

See also

The history of Northwest Territories capitals is unique compared to any other Canadian province or territory. ... Yellowknife Airport is located in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Yellowknife Water Aerodrome (ICAO CEN9, IATA N/A) is adjacent to the old town section of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories on both Back Bay and East Bay. ... This is an alphabetical list of heliports in Canada. ...

External links

Coordinates: 62°26′32″N, 114°23′51″W Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Yellowknife, Northwest Territories - definition of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories in Encyclopedia (208 words)
Yellowknife was founded as a gold mining town in the 1930s.
It became the capital of the Northwest Territories in 1967.
The current population is ethnically mixed, and the territory government lists five languages as spoken in significant numbers: Chipewyan, Dogrib, South and North Slavey, English, and French.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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