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Encyclopedia > Yellow Emperor
Yellow Emperor
Yellow Emperor

The Yellow Emperor or Huang Di (Traditional Chinese: 黃帝, Simplified Chinese: 黄帝, pinyin: huángdì) is a legendary Chinese sovereign and cultural hero who is said to be the ancestor of all Han Chinese. One of the Five Emperors, the Yellow Emperor is said by tradition to have reigned from 2698 BC to 2599 BC. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard character sets. ... Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiÇŽntǐzì; also Simplified Chinese: 简化字; Traditional Chinese: 簡化字; pinyin: jiÇŽnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard Mandarin, where pin means spell and yin means sound. The most common variant of pinyin in use is called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n), also known as scheme... A legend (Latin, legenda, things to be read) is a narrative of human actions that are perceived both by teller and listeners to take place within human history and to possess certain qualities that give the tale verisimilitude. ... The king or wang (王 wáng) was the Chinese head of state from the Zhou to Qin dynasties. ... A culture hero is a historical or mythological hero who changes the world through invention or discovery. ... Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Pinyin: hànzú) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... The Three August Ones and Five Emperors (Chinese: 三皇五帝; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: san-huang wu-ti) were mythological rulers of China during the period from 2500 BC to 2205 BC, which is the time preceding the Xia dynasty. ... (4th millennium BC – 3rd millennium BC – 2nd millennium BC – other millennia) Events Foundation of the city of Mari (Syria) (29th century BC ) Creation of the Kingdom of Elam (Iraq) Germination of the Bristlecone pine tree Methuselah about 2700 BC, the oldest tree still living now Dynasty of... (4th millennium BC – 3rd millennium BC – 2nd millennium BC – other millennia) Events Foundation of the city of Mari (Syria) (29th century BC ) Creation of the Kingdom of Elam (Iraq) Germination of the Bristlecone pine tree Methuselah about 2700 BC, the oldest tree still living now Dynasty of...

Contents

Huangdi as a Chinese Mythological figure - The Supreme God of Central Heaven

Part 1 Birth of Huangdi


Huangdi was the Chinese God of central heaven, ruling both the world of men and of Gods. Legend has it he was conceived mysteriously when his mother Fubao was struck by lightning. Twenty-five months later she gave birth to Huangdi in Shaoqi. This baby was a genius at birth. In early infancy he was already an eloquent speaker. As soon as he was enthroned as the Supreme God as a teenager, the mysterious and auspicious bird Phoenix (凤 feng)presented itself at his palace. This mythical bird was a symbol of all good virtues. It normally only appeared when peace and prosperity prevailed, and when gods and humans enjoyed happiness. When it did appear, it often made a short visit only. But in the case of Huangdi, it decided to stay.


Huangdi's Abode


Huangdi's palace on Earth was in the Kunlun mountains. This towering mountain range reached heaven, and was made up of layers of mountains. At the foot of it was a sea of weak water unable to carry boats or anything else. Surrounding this sea was a mountain of flames. Rain could not quench this fire, on the contrary, they served only as oil on flames. Winds could not blow it out, they only made it fiercer. The palace faced east. Guarding the front gate was an intelligent animal called "enlightened beast". It had nine human heads on the body of a tiger, able to watch nine directions. The palace gardens boasted countless treasures as numerous as the grains of sand in a desert : magic trees and flowers, animals and birds, crops and fruit. A boneless creature called " growing flesh" was infinitely productive, just a tiny bit would relieve hunger. It could feed numerous people - no matter how it was cut or bitten, it could immediately compensate for the loss and regain its original shape. A sweet wine spring called Liquan(醴泉) maintained a perpetual flow, a drink of it was enought to quench thirst and relieve hunger. An immortal tree yielded fruit lendind longevity and immortality. Many trees did not yield fruit but pearls and jade feeding the Phoenix.


The Supreme authority of Huangdi


Huangdi was a very kind ruler. He possessed all the noble virtues and merits, and thus becames immensely popular in both the celestial world and the earthly world. He was a very meticuluos architect and planner. He wished to place the two worlds in good order and rigorously organised it thus. He assigned four gods in four directions. Thus, with himself as God of Central Heaven, the celestial world was made up of five supreme gods. In the east was Fuxi (伏羲), with the god of wood as his assistant. In the south ruled Yandi (炎帝), whose aide was the god of fire. In the west was Shaohao (少昊), with the god of metal as his assistant. In the north ruled Zhuanxu (颛顼),whose aide was the god of water, wind and sea. The four assistant gods also functioned as the gods of the four seasons. Thus, the god of wood was responsible for spring, the god of fire for summer, the god of metal for autumn/fall and the god of water for winter. This arrangement is clearly a reflection of the philosophy of the five elements : wood, fire, metal, water and earth. It is also related to the five directions : east, south, west, north and centre. Huangdi also made arrangements for the rule of the nether world. His most trusted assistant Houtu (后土)the god of the earth was assigned king of the ghost country to ensure the obedience of ghosts. Huangdi assigned him two assistant gods : Shentu (神荼) and Yulei(郁垒). These two brothers guarded the entrance to the nether world. This entrance was at a mountain on the east sea. On the mountain grew a peach tree covering thousands of square miles. On the tree stood a golden rooster. At the first crow of the rooster, the two gods would take their post at the entrance under the tree. They would stand threateningly and examine each ghost before re-entry was permitted. Their judgement was very strict. Any wrong doing in the human world during the night would lead a rambling ghost in deep trouble. Evil ghosts would not only be barred from re-entry but be tied up and thrown to feed hungry tigers on the mountain. No ghosts dared to bother Huangdi. Sixteen gods were on night duty to ensure his sound sleep. In order to put all mosters and spirits under control, another measure was taken. Orders were given to build an archive of all of them. A magical beast was found in the east sea - this beast had an extraordinary talent for verbal skills and painting life-like pictures. It was told to draw a picture of each monster or spirit. The work was soon done, with more than 10000 species altogether. With this archive it became easy to identify and govern the monsters and spirits, demons and genies. To check the power of his library, Huangdi summoned all of them for a parade at West Taishan Mountain. It was indeed a great pageant. Huangdi sat in his stately cart drawn by six elephants, with six dragons following behind. Making way for the procession was Chiyou (蚩尤)leading the gods and monsters under his command. Close behind this contingent were the gods of rain and wind with their followers. The ten thousand and more species of demons, genies, monsters and spirits, humble and obedient, followed behind Huangdi's cart. In the sky flew the dazzling phoenixes. On the ground danced obedient serpents. Cheers resounded, the celestial world echoed the joy, the human world joined in the celebration, even the hether world responded from underground. Thus, the supreme god enjoyed supreme harmony.


Yellow Emperor in popular culture

  • Huang Di appears as a God in the strategy game Emperor: Rise of the Middle Kingdom made by Sierra Entertainment, now a division of Vivendi. In the game he is a patron of hunting and has the skills needed for leading men into battle.
  • There have been TV dramas made in mainland China depicting the life of Huang Di. However, their historical accuracy is questionable. They are semi-fictional because their focus is mainly on martial arts, Wuxia and drama.
  • The Yellow Emperor serves as the hero in Jorge Luis Borges' story, "The Fauna of the Mirror." British fantasy writer China Miéville used this story as the basis for his novella "The Tain", which describes a post-apocalyptic London. "The Tain" was recently included in Miéville's short story collection "Looking For Jake."

It has been suggested that Game of strategy be merged into this article or section. ... The most recent logo (Sierra Entertainment) Sierra Entertainment is a computer game developer and publisher active from 1980 to the present. ... Vivendi was the name of a French company, which merged in 2000 with Canal+ television networks and the Canadian company Seagram, the owner of Universal Studios film company, to become Vivendi Universal. ... Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ... Poster from the American release of Zhang Yimous 2002 film Hero (英雄) Wǔxiá (also Wu Xia) (Traditional Chinese: 武俠; Simplified Chinese: 武侠; Mandarin IPA: ; Cantonese: mów hàb), literally meaning martial arts chivalry or martial arts heroes, from Chinese, is a distinct genre in Chinese literature, television and cinema. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Jorge Luis Borges (August 24, 1899 - June 14, 1986), was an Argentine writer who is considered one of the foremost literary figures of the 20th century. ... China Miéville China Tom Miéville (born September 6, 1972, Norwich) is a British writer of fantastic fiction. ...

See also

The emperor or huángdì (皇帝) of China was the head of government and head of state of China from the Qin dynasty in 221 BC until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911. ... The Three August Ones and Five Emperors (Chinese: 三皇五帝; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: san-huang wu-ti) were mythological rulers of China during the period from c. ...

References

External links

Preceded by:
Shennong
Emperor of China
2591BC-2491BC
Succeeded by:
Zhuanxu

  Results from FactBites:
 
Yellow Emperor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (484 words)
The Yellow Emperor or Huang Di (Traditional Chinese: 黃帝; Simplified Chinese: 黄帝; pinyin: huángdì) is a legendary Chinese sovereign and cultural hero who is said to be the ancestor of all Han Chinese.
One of the Five Emperors, the Yellow Emperor is said by tradition to have reigned from 2698 BC to 2599 BC.
The legend of his westwards retreat in the war against the eastern Emperor Chi You at the Battle of Zhuolu is seen as the establishment of the Han Chinese nationality.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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