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Encyclopedia > Yehudi Menuhin
Yehudi Menuhin
from the film Stage Door Canteen, 1943
from the film Stage Door Canteen, 1943
Background information
Born April 22, 1916
Flag of the United States New York City, New York, USA
Died March 12, 1999
Berlin, Germany
Genre(s) Classical
Occupation(s) Conductor, pedagogue, violinist, writer
Instrument(s) Violin
Years active 1923-1999
Notable instrument(s)
Violin
Giovanni Bussetto 1680
Giovanni Grancino 1695
Guarneri filius Andrea 1703
Soil Stradivarius
Prince Khevenhüller 1733 Stradivari
Guarneri del Gesù 1739
Lord Wilton 1742 Guarneri del Gesù

Yehudi Menuhin, Baron Menuhin, OM, KBE (April 22, 1916March 12, 1999) was an American violinist and conductor who spent most of his performing career in the United Kingdom. Though born in New York City, New York, he later became a citizen of Switzerland in 1970, and in 1985, of the United Kingdom. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Stage Door Canteen is a 1943 film. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... “NY” redirects here. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... In education, teachers are those who teach students or pupils, often a course of study or a practical skill. ... A violinist is an instrumentalist who plays the violin. ... A writer is anyone who creates a written work, although the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... The violin is a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. ... Giovanni Grancino (1637-1709) was the son Andrea Grancino, who may also have been a violin maker, and may have worked with a brother, Francesco. ... Guarneri is the family name of a group of highly acclaimed violin makers (luthiers) from Cremona in Italy in the 17th and 18th centuries, whose standing is considered comparable to those of the Amati and Stradivari families. ... The ‘Soil’ Strad, (pronounced shwah) or Stradivarius, of 1714 is a famous violin made by Italian luthier Antonio Stradivari of Cremona. ... Antonio Stradivari examining an instrument, in a Romantic 19th-century print. ... Bartolomeo Giuseppe Guarneri del Gesù (August 21, 1698 - October 17, 1744), more commonly known as Joseph Guarneri, is the only violin maker to rival Antonio Stradivari in the respect accorded to his instruments. ... Bartolomeo Giuseppe Guarneri del Gesù (August 21, 1698 - October 17, 1744), more commonly known as Joseph Guarneri, is the only violin maker to rival Antonio Stradivari in the respect accorded to his instruments. ... The Order of Merit is a British and Commonwealth Order bestowed by the Monarch. ... The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross (GBE) Knight Commander... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... A violinist is an instrumentalist who plays the violin. ... A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... “NY” redirects here. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ...

Contents

Early career

Born to Russian Jewish parents, Menuhin began violin instruction at age three under violinist Sigmund Anker. His first solo violin performance at age of seven was with the San Francisco Symphony in 1923. Menuhin later studied under the Romanian composer and violinist George Enescu, after which he made several recordings with his sister Hephzibah, who was a pianist. He was also a student of Louis Persinger and Adolf Busch. For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... Logo. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... George Enescu George Enescu (pronunciation in Romanian: ; known in France as Georges Enesco) (August 19, 1881, Liveni – May 4, 1955, Paris) was a Romanian composer, violinist, pianist, conductor and teacher, preeminent Romanian musician of the 20th century, and one of the greatest performers of his time. ... Hephzibah Menuhin was the sister of famed violinist Yehudi Menuhin. ... A pianist is a person who plays the piano. ... Louis Persinger (11 February 1887 - 31 December 1966) was an American violinist. ... PENIS ...


World War II musician

Yehudi Menuhin performed for allied soldiers during World War II, and went with the composer Benjamin Britten to perform for inmates of Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, after its liberation in April 1945. He returned to Germany in 1947 to perform under the baton of conductor Wilhelm Furtwängler as an act of reconciliation, becoming the first Jewish musician to do so following the Holocaust. After building early success on richly romantic and tonally opulent performances, he experienced considerable physical and artistic difficulties caused by overwork during World War II as well as unfocused and unstructured early training. Careful practice and study combined with meditation and yoga helped him overcome many of these problems. Although many violinists are unimpressed with his technical mastery of the instrument (his bowing in particular), his profound and considered musical interpretations are nearly universally acclaimed. When he finally started recording, he was known for practicing by deconstructing music phrases one note at a time. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten, OM CH (November 22, 1913 Lowestoft, Suffolk - December 4, 1976 Aldeburgh, Suffolk) was a British composer, conductor, and pianist. ... Bergen-Belsen, sometimes referred to as just Belsen, was a German concentration camp in the Nazi era. ... It has been suggested that Internment be merged into this article or section. ... Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... “Shoah” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A large statue in Bangalore depicting Shiva meditating Meditation describes a state of concentrated attention on some object of thought or awareness. ... Statue of Shiva performing Yogic meditation Yoga (Devanagari: योग) is a group of ancient spiritual practices originating in India. ...


Menuhin continued to perform to an advanced age, becoming known for profound interpretations of an austere quality, as well as for his explorations of music outside the classical realm.


World interactions

Menuhin credited the German-Jewish philosopher Constantin Brunner with providing him with "a theoretical framework within which I could fit the events and experiences of life" (Conversations with Menuhin: 32-34). Constantin Brunner (1862-1937) was the pen-name of the German Jewish philosopher Leopold Wertheimer, born 27 August 1862 in Altona (near Hamburg). ...


In 1952, Menuhin met and befriended the influential yogi B.K.S. Iyengar before he had come to prominence outside India. Menuhin arranged for Iyengar to teach abroad in London, Switzerland, Paris and elsewhere. This was the first time that many Westerners had been exposed to yoga. Statue of Shiva performing Yogic meditation Yoga (Devanagari: योग) is a group of ancient spiritual practices originating in India. ... A photograph of B.K.S. Iyengar B.K.S. Iyengar, (aka Yogacharya B.K.S. Iyengar) born Bellur Krishnamachar Sundararaja Iyengar, December 14, 1918, in India, is founder of Iyengar Yoga and one of the most respected yoga teachers in the world. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Statue of Shiva performing Yogic meditation Yoga (Devanagari: योग) is a group of ancient spiritual practices originating in India. ...


In 1962 he established the Yehudi Menuhin School in Stoke d'Abernon, Surrey. He also established the music program at the Nueva School in Hillsborough, California sometime around then. In 1965 he received an honorary knighthood. The Yehudi Menuhin School is a specialist music school in Surrey, England. ... A small village situated between Cobham, Surrey and Leatherhead. ... Not to be confused with Surry. ... The Nueva School is a Pre-K through 8th grade private school in Hillsborough, CA for gifted and talented children. ... Hillsborough is a town in San Mateo County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... A statue of an armoured knight of the Middle Ages For the chess piece, see knight (chess). ...


Menuhin's pupils included Nigel Kennedy, Hungarian violist Csaba Erdelyi and violist Paul Coletti. Arguably the most famous of Menuhin's violins is the Lord Wilton Guarneri del Gesù made in 1742. Nigel Kennedy (born December 28, 1956 in Brighton, England) is a violinist and violist. ... A prominent soloist and chamber musician. ... Guarneri is the family name of a group of highly acclaimed violin makers (luthiers) from Cremona in Italy in the 17th and 18th centuries, whose standing is considered comparable to those of the Amati and Stradivari families. ...


In the 1980s Menuhin wrote and oversaw the creation of a "Music Guides" series of books; each covered musical instruments with one on the human voice. Menuhin wrote some whilst others were edited by different authors. The word author has several meanings: The author of a book, story, article or the like, is the person who has written it (or is writing it). ...


Later career

Menuhin regularly returned to the San Francisco Bay Area, sometimes performing with the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra. One of the more memorable, later performances was of the violin concerto of Sir Edward Elgar, which Menuhin had recorded with the composer for HMV in London in 1932. He also hosted the PBS telecast of the gala opening concert of the orchestra from Davies Symphony Hall in September 1980. During the 1970s and '80s he made jazz recordings with Stéphane Grappelli and albums of Eastern music with the great sitarist Ravi Shankar. In 1983 he founded the Yehudi Menuhin International Competition for Young Violinists in Folkestone, Kent. In 1985 he was awarded British citizenship and was now entitled to the accolade "Sir Yehudi" as his knighthood was no longer honorary. In 1990 he was the first conductor for the Asian Youth Orchestra which toured around Asia, including Japan, Taiwan, Singapore and Hong Kong with Julian Lloyd Webber and a group of young talented musicians from all over Asia. Edward Elgar Sir Edward William Elgar, Bt OM GCVO (June 2, 1857 – February 23, 1934) was a British composer, born in the small Worcestershire village of Broadheath to William Elgar, a piano tuner and music dealer, and his wife Ann. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Stéphane Grappelli (January 26, 1908 – December 1, 1997) was a French pioneer jazz violinist who founded the Quintette du Hot Club de France with guitarist Django Reinhardt. ... Diagram of some sitar parts. ... Pandit Ravi Shankar, Sitar Maestro © www. ... Folkestone Harbour, picture taken from the golf court Folkestone (IPA: ) is a coastal resort town in the Shepway district of Kent, England. ... The Kent coat of arms For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ... British nationality law is the law of the United Kingdom concerning British citizenship and other categories of British nationality. ... Founded by Yehudi Menuhin & Richard Pontzious Inaugural concerts conducted in August 1990 by Yehudi Menuhin The 100 members of the Asian Youth Orchestra (AYO) are among the finest young musicians in China, Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Julian Lloyd Webber (born April 14, 1951) is a British cellist. ...


Personal life

Soon after his death, the Royal Academy of Music acquired the Yehudi Menuhin Archive, one of the most comprehensive collections ever assembled by an individual musician.


Yehudi Menuhin was married twice. He first married Nola Nicholas, daughter of an Australian industrialist, and sister of Hephzibah's first husband Lindsay Nicholas. They had two children, Krov and Zamira. Following their divorce, he married the British ballerina and actress Diana Gould, with whom he had two sons, Gerard and Jeremy, a pianist.


The name Yehudi means 'Jew' in Hebrew. “Hebrew” redirects here. ...


In October 2004, the New Internationalist magazine tells the story of Menuhin's name.

Obliged to find an apartment of their own my parents searched the neighbourhood and chose one within walking distance of the park. Showing them out after they had viewed it, the landlady said: "And you'll be glad to know I don't take Jews." Her mistake made clear to her, the antisemitic landlady was renounced, and another apartment found. But her blunder left its mark. Back on the street my mother made a vow. Her unborn baby would have a label proclaiming his race to the world. He would be called "The Jew."

Ironically, in November 2005 his son Gerard was dismissed from his post as chairman of the Yehudi-Menuhin-Stiftung for alleged neo-Nazi opinions.[1] The Eternal Jew: 1937 German poster Anti-Semitism (alternatively spelled antisemitism) is hostility towards or prejudice against Jews (not, in common usage, Semites in general — see the Scope section below). ...


A picture of Menuhin as a child is sometimes used as part of a Thematic Apperception Test.[2] The Thematic Apperception Test or TAT is amongst the most widely used, researched, and taught psychological tests. ...


Lord Menuhin died in Berlin, Germany following a brief illness, from complications of bronchitis. This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchi (medium-size airways) in the lungs. ...


Awards and Recognitions

In 1987 his recording of the Elgar: Cello Concerto in E Minor, Op. 85 with Julian Lloyd Webber won the BRIT Award for Best British Classical Recording. The recording was also chosen as the finest ever version by BBC Music Magazine. In 1990 he was awarded the Glenn Gould Prize in recognition of his lifetime of contributions. He received a Doctorate Honoris causa from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. In 1993 he was created a life peer as Baron Menuhin, of Stoke d'Abernon in the County of Surrey.[3] The L̩onie Sonning Music Prize, or Sonning Award, which is recognized as Denmarks highest musical honor, is given annually to an international musician. ... Edward Elgar Sir Edward William Elgar, Bt OM GCVO (June 2, 1857 РFebruary 23, 1934) was a British composer, born in the small Worcestershire village of Broadheath to William Elgar, a piano tuner and music dealer, and his wife Ann. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Julian Lloyd Webber (born April 14, 1951) is a British cellist. ... The Brit Awards are the annual United Kingdom pop music awards founded by the British Phonographic Industry. ... The Glenn Gould Prize is an international award bestowed by the Glenn Gould Foundation. ... Honoris causa (plural: Causae) is a Latin term meaning for the sake of honor, abbreviated as . ... The Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) is a Flemish university situated in Brussels, Belgium. ... In the United Kingdom, Life Peers are appointed members of the Peerage whose titles may not be inherited (those whose titles are inheritable are known as hereditary peers). ... A small village situated between Cobham, Surrey and Leatherhead. ... Not to be confused with Surry. ...


Bibliography

  • Menuhin, Diana (1984). Fiddler's Moll. Life With Yehudi. New York: St Martin's Press. ISBN 0312288190. 
  • Menuhin, Yehudi (1977). Unfinished Journey. New York: Knopf. ISBN 0394410513. 
  • Subramaniam, L.; Menuhin, Yehudi; Directed by Jean Henri Meunier. (1999). Violin From the Heart (documentary film) [DVD].

L. Subramaniam in action at a 2003 concert in Chennai. ...

References

  1. ^ Roger Boyes. "Menuhin's son forced to resign over 'anti-Semitic' interviews", Times Online UK, 15 November 2005. Retrieved on 2007-01-27. 
  2. ^ "A young boy is contemplating a violin...", University of Tennessee. Retrieved on 2007-01-27. 
  3. ^ Sir Yehudi Menuhin, Baron Menuhin: thepeerage.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-04.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Yehudi Menuhin International Competition for Young Violinists
  • Yehudi Menuhin Center Saanen/Gstaad Schweiz
  • International Yehudi Menuhin Foundation
  • The International Music School Founded by Yehudi Menuhin
  • PBS Series American Masters Yehudi Menuhin
  • YouTube-Elgar Performance
Persondata
NAME Menuhin, Yehudi
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Menuhin, Baron Menuhin, Yehudi (full name with title)
SHORT DESCRIPTION Violinist and conductor
DATE OF BIRTH April 22, 1916
PLACE OF BIRTH New York City, New York, United States
DATE OF DEATH March 12, 1999
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
Legendary Violinists. Yehudi Menuhin (760 words)
Menuhin, Yehudi, Lord Menuhin of Stoke d'Abernon, celebrated American-born English violinist, conductor, and humanitarian, brother of Hephzibah Menuhin; b.
On Nov. 25, 1927, Menuhin was soloist in the Beethoven Violin Concerto with Fritz Busch and the N.Y. Symphony Orchestra, garnering extraordinary acclaim from the public and critics alike.
Menuhin came to Furtwängler's defense and, after the conductor was exonerated, the two performed and recorded together in spite of the furor his defense had engendered.
Yehudi Menuhin (Conductor, Violin) - Short Biography (622 words)
The American violinist and conductor, Yehudi Menuhin, had one of the longest and most distinguished careers of any violinist of the twentieth century.
Menuhin was born in New York of Russian-Jewish parents, recent immigrants to America.
As a young man Yehudi Menuhin went to Paris to study under violinist and composer George Enesco.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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