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Encyclopedia > Yearbook

A yearbook, also known as an annual, is a book to record, highlight, and commemorate the past year of a school or a book published annually. Virtually all American and Canadian high schools, most colleges and many elementary and middle schools publish yearbooks. The term may also refer to a book of statistics or facts published annually. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Yearbook may refer to: A yearbook, an annual commemorative book published by an institution, often a school or university; Yearbook, a TV documentary film made by the FOX Network; The Year Books, law reports from England from the thirteenth through the sixteenth centuries. ... Secondary education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... College (Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an educational institution. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) covers a period of education that straddles primary education and secondary education, serving as a bridge between the two. ...

This article describes high school yearbooks, though most colleges, elementary and middle schools follow a similar format



Yearbooks are generally compiled by a student committee, which may or may not be advised by members of the faculty. The committee usually has one or more editors who are responsible for collecting and compiling all of the information to be contained within the book, also deciding the layout and allocation of space for each contributor.

Book layout process


Layout is the appearance of the pages, and it may include the following elements:

  • The Headline: This is a theme, that ties the page into the story and draws attention to the reader.
  • The Story/Copy: Consists of several paragraphs, capturing the highlights of a specific department, sports season, organization, etc., from the past year. Often, yearbook staff members will either send out surveys/interview students, teachers and others for comments.
  • Photographs: Candid shots of students, suitable to the page's topic and theme. Often, editors seek to include a cross-section of the student body (e.g., classes, races, school involvement, etc.). Included with the photographs are one or more captions, which describe each picture; these often begin with a lead-in.

A lead-in is a short phrase, usually five words or less, that starts off a photo caption in a newspaper, high school yearbook, magazine or other publication. ...

Tools of the trade

Internet Creation

Tools now exist on the internet to create many yearbook layouts. Features include easy web based creation of pages, collages, personal profiles, and recordings of specific event situations. These methods of creations allow for layout artists, editors and students to access the layout, speeding up the process of creating the yearbook


At many schools, students use a digital camera to take photographs and download selected photographs using a card reader. Schools that use 35 mm cameras may have a special negative scanner, which allows users to obtain more detail from a photograph than from a print. A SiPix digital camera next to a matchbox to show scale Nikon D200 SLR with Nikon film scanner, which converts film images to digital A Hasselblad 503CW with a digital camera back A digital camera is an electronic device used to capture and store photographs digitally, instead of using photographic... 135 Film Size, Kodak Tri-X 400 speed 135 (ISO 1007) is a film format for still photography. ... In computing, a scanner is a device which analyzes a physical image (such as a photograph, printed text, or handwriting) or an object (such as ornament) and converts it to a digital image. ...

Word processing

Paragraphs of text added to pages, also known as 'copy', is often typed and edited using a word processing program. The copy is then saved to a hard drive or disk and later imported onto the pages. It is also possible to insert copy straight into the pages themselves as they are being designed.


In the past, most yearbooks were laid out by hand, with photographs physically cropped and placed on layout boards. The work was tedious, and required multiple deadlines and contact with a yearbook publisher.

Today, virtually all yearbooks are published using computers, which allows for shorter deadlines and easier editing. Some yearbook publishers have agreements with schools, whereby the staff sends photos and copy for layout by the publishing company; the layout is later sent to the school for final editing.

Students typically paginate, or lay out, pages using a computer program such as Adobe PageMaker, Adobe InDesign or Quark Xpress. Students are quickly able to size photographs and place copy, leaving minimal white space behind. Some yearbook companies provide their own computer programs for designing yearbooks. These programs are designed for easy navigation, copy/edit/paste functions, and more. Some people might just put pictures around the writing or have writing over a picture. PageMaker was the first desktop publishing program, introduced in 1985 by Aldus Corporation, initially for the Apple Macintosh but soon after also for the PC. It relies on Adobe Systems PostScript page description language. ... Adobe InDesign is a desktop publishing (DTP) application produced by Adobe Systems. ... QuarkXPress is a desktop publishing (page layout) application for Mac OS and Windows, produced by Quark, Inc. ...


Most yearbooks have a similar format, which includes individual photographs of students; information on activities; sports; and other activities.

People (Seniors, Underclassmen, Faculty)

In the US, where a yearbook often covers the whole school and not just the final year, these sections are arranged in alphabetical order by class (freshman, sophomore, juniors and seniors). Usually each student will have an individual photo of them accompanied by their name and perhaps one or two lines of text. Senior photographs are usually larger than underclassmen's and are often accompanied by text about their accomplishments throughout high school, and their future plans (if known). Frequently, seniors are polled to nominate their classmates for "superlatives" or "class celebrities" (such as "most likely to succeed," "most athletic," "most spirited" and "class clown"), are often published in the senior section. Some private schools and smaller high schools set aside an entire page for each senior. These pages are sometimes designed by the seniors themselves, with each senior submitting a digital or physical version of the page he or she would like featured in the book.

In the UK and other markets, where yearbooks often only cover the final year group and not the entire school, each student may have more space for answers to various questions as well as their photo (or photos). In Year 11 (UK) members are usually grouped by form/class; whilst Year 13 tend not to be grouped in such a way, but instead just appear alphabetically throughout the book. Its common in these markets for each person to have between a quarter and a whole page each, depending on the budget available for the yearbook (as more pages means a higher cost). The editorial team chooses questions for members to answer (such as "Favourite teacher?" or "Where will you be in 5 years time?") and these answers appear alongside member photos. These photos and answers are sometimes also collected online.

Student Life

Several pages are often used for pages chronicling activities undertaken by students, such as trips abroad, activity trips, sporting and other special events. These pages often consist of photo-journals displayed with or without captions.

Sometimes members of a yearbook write editorial and journalistic content about life as a student, current events (local, national and international) and other matters of interest to the peer group.

In books having pages in both color and black and white, the photo pages - collages and other groups of photos - tend to be the ones which run in color; the others run in black and white, reducing the publishing costs (and overall purchase price) per book.


Talks about the classes, projects, and more educational aspects of the school year.


Describes student organizations (sometimes referred to as clubs) and what they do. These descriptions are often accompanied a photo or photos of the organizations' members. This section of a yearbook sometimes includes a list of the members of each organization. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Often listed by season or club, these pages chronicle the accomplishments of the school's teams. Along with a short article listing the season's highlights, these pages include team photographs, action pictures and a; A good US high school yearbook includes pages for all levels – varsity, junior varsity, sophomore and freshman teams – of each sport. Outstanding accomplishments are often included in the front section of the yearbook, in addition to their usual page.

Memorial page

Often, students will have to deal with the death of one of their number (e.g. a classmate or teacher) )– due to illness or suicide, etc. – during their high school years. Should that happen, these pages are set aside to eulogize the deceased. The page will usually include a picture of the student or teacher, along with a mini biography, candid pictures of the deceased from happier times, a brief article explaining the loss and perhaps an inspirational verse or poem written by a close friend. This page can also include memories from teachers, friends, and or family. Illness (sometimes referred to as ill-health) can be defined as a state of poor health. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ...

Advertising pages

Many yearbooks gain revenue by including a section of ads from local businesses.

Some schools sell advertisements for seniors. Parents, other family members and friends use these ads to congratulate a senior — or group of seniors — for their accomplishments.


An alphabetical listing of everyone included in the yearbook, along with the pages they may be found on. Usually, an editor keeps a master list of who is included on each page, to ensure accuracy. The index is not always included in high school yearbooks, as it can be time consuming to put one together, but due to advancements in technology, programs such as Sonar Bookends and Webdexer have made the task easier. The subject of this article may not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ...

Colophon or dedication

Typically the last page of the book. The colophon lists staff members and acknowledges the hard work or yearbook volunteers. Often, this page includes a brief statement from the editor. Additionally, the colophon may include technical information pertaining to the yearbook such as publisher, total number of pages and paper weight. In publishing, a colophon describes details of the production of a book. ...

In some schools, this page will also serve as a dedication page, for example for a retiring long-time faculty member, a prominent school supporter or the senior class. Sometimes, the dedication will be included in the beginning of the yearbook. Dedication (Lat. ... Retirement is the point where a person stops employment. ...

Signature or Autograph Page

Most yearbooks contain a few pages which will be left blank for people to write messages about the preceding year and summer. Some messages may be brief and perfunctory while other may hold great value. The length of the messages written usually increases with age as people will have known each other for longer and become more mature.

Publishers & publishing process

US market

Yearbook publishers may send representatives to work with the adviser and staff at each school to assist in the creation of the yearbook.

Yearbook companies typically require that groups of pages be sent periodically, rather than all at once, to the plant[citation needed]. This is done to stagger the work required to complete yearbooks for all the schools they cover. After the editors review each page and make changes, the pages are sent to the yearbook plant – either mailed on a CD-ROM or Zip drive or sent via the internet. The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... Iomega ZIP-100 Drive Logo An internal Zip drive. ...

If the proofing process is not performed on-line, the adviser and editors receive proofs (typically full size prints) about a week or so after the submission of pages. This gives the school a final opportunity to make adjustments or changes. After all the proofs have been returned to the publisher the requested corrections are made, the books are printed, bound, and then sent to the school for distribution.

Some yearbook publishers work providing designers and production specialists to lay out the entire book. Some companies provide comprehensive, end-to-end yearbook publishing services for schools that historically have never had a yearbook staff or advisor to help put together their own programs.

A number of educational institutions and yearbook publishers operate camps and summer sessions at which student yearbook personnel can learn or polish the skills they need in their work.[1] [2] [3]


Often, yearbooks are distributed at the end of a school year to allow members to obtain the books and signatures/personal messages from classmates. In the US, those that distribute at this time may publish a supplemental insert with photographs from spring sports and milestone events (such as prom and graduation), as well as other important events. Many schools at which yearbooks are distributed at or before the end of a school year have a tradition of having students sign and leave notes on each others yearbooks. “Prom Queen” redirects here. ... Academic procession during the University of Canterbury graduation ceremony. ...

Some schools distribute yearbooks before the end of the school year – such as during July, at Homecoming (US) in October or another designated time in order to include year-end activities. In some cases, yearbooks are mailed to the parents' homes of graduated seniors. For other uses, see Homecoming (disambiguation). ...

Colleges, elementary and middle school yearbooks

Colleges that publish yearbooks follow a similar format as high schools[citation needed]. Some college yearbooks include detailed recaps of football and basketball games. College yearbooks are considered by the Associated Collegiate Press to be a form of journalism. ACP holds the annual Pacemaker competition for college yearbooks as well as other collegiate media outlets. Secondary education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Associated Collegiate Press (official site) is the largest and oldest national membership organization for college student media in the United States. ...

Elementary and middle schools may have a designated staff member who is in charge of putting together that school's yearbook, with or without the help of the students. These books are usually considerably smaller than a high school or college yearbook, and are seldom hardcover. Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) covers a period of education that straddles primary education and secondary education, serving as a bridge between the two. ... Secondary education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

U.S. Military

Warships of the United States Navy often produce a yearbook style publication upon completion of a long deployment (typically six months or more). These books, referred to by sailors as "cruise books" are produced on board by the ship's Morale, Welfare and Recreation department and Public Affairs staff, and then printed ashore by the same printing companies that publish high school and college yearbooks. The cruise book of a Nimitz Class aircraft carrier typically reaches over 600 pages in length, as it includes portraits of the more than 5000 sailors and Marines assigned to the ship's company and embarked carrier air wing. USN redirects here. ... A typical cruise book from the past A cruise book is a yearbook-style publication often produced by ships of the United States Navy upon completion of a long deployment (typically six months or more). ... USS Nimitz in 1997 The Nimitz class supercarriers are the largest warships in the world. ... Four aircraft carriers, (bottom-to-top) Principe de Asturias, amphibious assault carrier USS Wasp, USS Forrestal and light V/STOL carrier HMS Invincible, showing size differences of late 20th century carriers An aircraft carrier is a warship designed to deploy and in most cases recover aircraft, acting as a sea...

Example Cruise Books

  • USS Rankin 1959 Cruise Book
  • USS Rankin 1969 Cruise Book
  • USS Rankin 1970 Cruise Book

The Navy's Recruit Training Center in Great Lakes, Illinois also produces yearbook style publications for each graduating division of recruits. These publications are much smaller, as each recruit division totals roughly 80 sailors. The book is called "The Keel" after the part of a ship that is constructed first, as RTC or boot camp sets the foundation for the sailor's career. These books contain a color section common to all books published that year, with a specific black and white section added for each recruit division and their "brother" or "sister" division. Naval Station Great Lakes is the United States Navys Headquarters Command for training issues, located in North Chicago, Illinois. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Boot Camp is a software assistant made available by Apple Inc. ...

Around The World


Yearbooks published by Australian schools follow a slightly different structure to their North American counterparts. Australian yearbooks function as an annual magazine for the school body, with a significant focus on objectively reporting the events that occurred during the schooling year. There is less emphasis on discussion of student life, and the creation process involves minimal student involvement. Yearbook staff predominantly consist of only one or two school teachers who serve as editors in chief.

Australian school yearbooks are predominantly created in A4 format, featuring a softcover style front-and-back cover, typically 250 or 300 g/m² density. Hardcover style yearbooks are not as common, and it is a phenomenon yet to pick up in the country due to cost reasons.

To substitute for the lack of student life coverage in school yearbooks, many senior students in Australian schools publish a separate Year 12 yearbook. The Year 12 yearbook typically provides up close and personal coverage of student personalities through profile questions, a large number of personal and group photos and collages, quotes, awards, and humorous light-hearted entertainment. There is rarely coverage of academic, sport and school related matters as these topics are considered in the school yearbook.

Year 12 yearbooks are created almost entirely by school students with a school staff member, typically the grade's year advisor, providing guidance and supervision. School administration are often cautious about Year 12 yearbook publications, as they represent a legal and reputational risk to the school. There have been media-reported incidents where inappropriately published materials have caused major embarrassment to schools.


Yearbooks published by U.K. schools are gaining increasing popularity and have spawned several companies into production, mainly offering a service to upload photos and then have a designer put the images in place.


Australian school yearbooks are primarily published with offset printing technology, with a mix of colour, spot colour, and black and white pages, depending on the school's budget. In the past, Year 12 yearbooks were simply printed using a photocopier, but Australian yearbook publishers have improved the quality of these publications by providing low cost digital printing solutions. Offset lithography printing process Offset printing is a widely used printing technique where the inked image is transferred (or offset) from a plate to a rubber blanket, then to the printing surface. ... A small, much-used Xerox copier in a high school library. ... Digital printing is the reproduction of digital images on physical surface, such as common or photographic paper, film, cloth, plastic, etc. ...

Digital yearbooks

A digital yearbook is a yearbook holding memories of a given time with a given group of people - most commonly, a school year at a particular school - that exists in digital form.

A digital yearbook contains text, images, audio, and video. While a traditional paper yearbook may contain a few dozen pages, a digital yearbook can contain hundreds or even thousands of pages. The end product of a digital yearbook is either a CD-ROM or a DVD.


  • Akers, M. (ed.), Scholastic Yearbook Fundamentals. 1993. New York: Columbia Scholastic Press Association
  • Blakely, D. and Evans, C., A Complete Guide to Yearbook Journalism. 1991. Sylvania, Ohio: Advise Publications
  • Cutsinger, J. and Herron, M., History Worth Repeating: A Chronology of School Yearbooks. 1996. Minneapolis, MN: Jostens, Inc.
  • Hall, H.L., Yearbook Guidebook. 1994. Minneapolis, MN: National Scholastic Press Association
  1. ^ University of Iowa Yearbook Workshop. Retrieved on 2007-09-02.
  2. ^ Oregon State University High School Yearbook Workshop. Retrieved on 2007-09-02.
  3. ^ Greenbush Yearbook Workshop. Retrieved on 2007-09-02.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External Links

  • Columbia Scholastic Press Association A university-based association for student editors and advisors
  • National Scholastic Press Association A membership organization for student journalists and advisors

  Results from FactBites:
Journalism/Yearbook (321 words)
All students are assigned a certain area to cover on the yearbook and a news "beat" (area of concentration) to keep updated on the newspaper.
The entire Journalism staff contributes to the yearbook, designing their own areas that are assigned to them at the beginning of the year.
The video yearbook is a visual record of special events that occurred during the year, and also includes shots of each grade level and other funny moments that might happen to get caught on tape.
Yearbook - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2992 words)
A yearbook, also known as an annual, is a book to record, highlight, and commemorate the past year of a school or a book published annually as a report or summary of statistics or facts.
Many schools at which yearbooks are distributed at or before the end of a school year have a tradition of having students sign and leave notes on each others yearbooks.
Australian school yearbooks are primarily published with offset printing technology, with a mix of colour, spot colour, and fl and white pages, depending on the school's budget.
  More results at FactBites »



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