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Encyclopedia > Yazdegerd II of Persia
A coin of Yazdegerd II.
A coin of Yazdegerd II.

Yazdegerd II, ("made by God," Izdegerdes), King of Persia, was the son of Bahram V of Persia (421–438) and reigned from 438 to 457. Image File history File links YazdII.jpg Sassanid king. ... Image File history File links YazdII.jpg Sassanid king. ... The Sassanid Empire in the time of Shapur I; the conquest of Cappadocia was temporary Official language Pahlavi (Middle Persian) Dominant Religion Zoroastrianism Capital Ctesiphon Sovereigns Shahanshah of the Iran (Eranshahr) First Ruler Ardashir I Last Ruler Yazdegerd III Establishment 224 AD Dissolution 651 AD Part of the History of... Silver coin of Bahram V with fire temple on its verso (British Museum , London) Bahram V, King of Persia (421–438), also called Bahram Gur, son of Yazdegerd I of Persia (399–421), after whose sudden death (or assassination) he gained the crown against the opposition of the grandees by... Events February 15 - The Codex Theodosianus, a collection of edicts of Roman law, is published. ... Events February 7 - Leo I becomes East Roman emperor. ...

In the beginning of his reign, Yazdegerd II quickly attacked the Eastern Roman Empire with a mixed army of various nations, including his Indian allies, to eliminate the threat of a Roman buildup. (The Romans had been constructing fortifications in the nearby Persian territory of Carrhae, in anticipation of subsequent expeditions.) The Romans were caught by surprise, and only a heavy flood prevented a Persian advance deep into in Roman territory. The Byzantine Emperor, Theodosius II (408–450), asked for peace and sent his commander personally to Yazdegerd II's camp. In the ensuing negotiations in 441, both empires promised not to build any new fortifications in their border territories. Yazdegerd II, in spite of having the upper hand, did not make further demands on the Romans due to incursions by Kidarites in Parthia and Khwarezmia. He gathered his forces in Neishabur in [[443] and launched a prolonged campaign against Kidarites. After numerous battles, he crushed them and drove them out beyond Oxus river in 450. Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered around its capital in Constantinople. ... Harran, also known as Carrhae, is an archeological site in present day southeastern Turkey, 24 miles (39 kilometers) southeast of Sanli Urfa. ... Theodosius II Flavius Theodosius II (April, 401 - July 28, 450 ). The eldest son of Eudoxia and Arcadius who at the age of 7 became the Roman Emperor of the East. ... Events The Huns invade the Balkans. ... Coin of Kidara (reigned circa 360-380 CE), founder of the Kidarite Kingdom Obv: King Kidara standing. ... Khwarezmia (also with various alternate spellings, including Chorasmia and Khorezm) was a state located on what was then the coast of the Aral Sea, including modern Karakalpakstan across the Ust-Urt plateau and perhaps extending to as far west as the eastern shores of the North Caspian Sea. ... Tomb of Omar Khayyam, Neishabur Nishapur (or Neyshâbûr; نیشابور in Persian) is a town in the province of Khorasan in northeastern Iran, situated in a fertile plain at the foot of the Binalud Mountains, near the regional capital of Mashhad. ... The Amu Darya (in Persian آمودریا; Darya means river in Persian) rises in the Pamirs and flows mainly north-west through the Hindu Kush, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan to join the Aral Sea in a large river delta. ... Events August 25 - Marcian proclaimed Eastern Roman Emperor by Aspar and Pulcheria. ...

Durin his eastern campaign, Yazdegerd II grew suspicious of Christians in the army and the nobility and expelled many of them. He then persecuted the Christians and, to a much lesser extent, Jews. Advancing his pro-Zoroastrian policy, he crushed an uprising of Armenian Christians in the Battle of Vartanantz in 451. This article is about the religous people known as Christians. ... Combatants Sassanid Empire Armenian rebels Commanders Yazdegerd II Vartan Mamikonian Strength 180,000 to 220,000(According to Armenian sources) 60,000 Casualties Unknown Heavy Battle of Vartanantz (May 26, 451) is remembered by Armenians as probably the greatest battle in their history. ... Events April 7 - The Huns sack Metz June 20 - Attila, king of the Huns is defeated at Troyes by Aëtius in the Battle of Chalons. ...

In his later years, Yazdegerd II became engaged again with Kidarites until his death in 457. Other than his strict religious policies and minorities persecution, commoners saw him as a just, moderate ruler.


  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication in the public domain.
Preceded by:
Bahram V
Sassanid Ruler
Succeeded by:
Hormizd III

  Results from FactBites:
Yazdegerd - LoveToKnow 1911 (282 words)
(1) Yazdegerd son of Shapur III., 399-420, called "the sinner" by the Persians, was a highly intelligent ruler, who tried to emancipate himself from the dominion of the magnates and the Magian priests.
(2) Yazdegerd Ii., was the son of Bahram V. Gor, 438-457.
Yazdegerd fled from one district to another, till at last he was murdered at Mery in 651 '(see' CALIPHATE, sect.
Yazdegerd III of Persia (129 words)
Yazdegerd III, ("made by God," Izdegerdes), king of Persia, a grandson of Khosrau II, who had been murdered by his son Kavadh II in 628, was raised to the throne in 632 after a series of internal conflicts.
He was a mere child and never really ruled; in his first year the Arabic invasion[?] began, and in 637 the battle of Kadisiya[?] decided the fate of the empire.
Yazdegerd fled from one district to another, till at last he was murdered at Merv in 651.
  More results at FactBites »



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