FACTOID # 14: North Carolina has a larger Native American population than North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Yarsan

Yarsan or Ahl-i Haqq (Kurdish:Yarsan/Yaresan or Kakeyi, Arabic,Persian:اهل حق, Ahl-e Haqq, derived from an Arabic phrase translatable as People of the Truth and as Men of God[1]) is a religious sect, and its followers are primarily found in western Iran. Adherents are mainly from the tribes of Guran, Qalkhani and Sanjabi located in western Iran, forming approximately a third of the population in the religiously diverse province of Kermanshah[2]. There are some groups located around Kirkuk in Iraq. Most adherents are ethnic Kurds and Laks, though there are also smaller groups of Lur, Azeri, Persian and Arab adherents. The Arabic-speaking adherents are based in the Iraqi cities of Mandali, Baquba, and Khanaqin[3] [4]. The order is supposed to have been founded by Sultan Sahak in the early 16th century AD in western Iran, but since it is a mystical order, not many verifiable facts are known about them. The Order of Ahl-e-Haqq is a strictly closed circle. The Kurdish language is a language spoken in the region called Kurdistan, including Kurdish populations in parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... A sect is a small religious group that has branched off of a larger established religion. ... Kermanshah (Persian: كرمانشاه; Kurdish: KirmaÅŸan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Kirkuk (also spelled Karkuk or Kerkuk; Arabic: كركوك, KirkÅ«k; Kurdish: كه‌ركووك, Kerkûk; Syriac: ܐܪܦܗܐ, Arrapha; Persian: کرکوک; Turkish: Kerkük) is a city in northern Iraq and capital of Taamim Governorate. ... Languages Kurdish Religions Predominantly Sunni Muslim also some Shia, Yazidism, Yarsan, Judaism, Christianity Related ethnic groups other Iranian peoples (Talysh Baluch Gilak Bakhtiari Persians) The Kurds are an ethnic group who consider themselves to be indigenous to a region often referred to as Kurdistan, an area which includes adjacent parts... Laki is an Iranian language of the north-western branch spoken in the central Zagros region of Iran (Luristan province). ... Falak-ol-aflak, built by the Sassanids, is almost 1800 years old. ... This article is about the Azerbaijani ethnic group. ... For information about all peoples of Iran, see Demographics of Iran. ... An Arab (Arabic: ) is a member of a complexly defined ethnic group who identifies as such on the basis of one or more of either genealogical, political, or linguistic grounds. ... Mandali is a term that does not appear to be common outside of the circle of Meher Baba. ... Baquba (بعقوبه; also transliterated as Baqubah and Baqouba) is the capital of Iraqs Diyala province. ... Iraq map with Khanaqin Khanaqin (Arabic خانقين, Kurdish خانه قين Xaneqîn, also transliterated as Khanakin, Xanaqin) is an arab city in north-eastern Iraq. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

Religious beliefs

From Ahl-i Haqq point of view, the universe is comprised of two distinct yet interrelated worlds: The inner world (Batin) and the outer world (Zahir), each having its own order and rules. Although the humans are only aware of the outer world, however their lives are governed according to the rules of the inner world. Among other important pillars of their belief system are that the Divine Essence has successive manifestations in human form (or mazhariyyat) and the belief in transmigration of souls (or dunaduni in Kurdish). The belief in Re-incarnation puts the Ahl-i Haqq beyond the bounds of Islam. The Ahl-i Haqq do not observe Muslim rites such as daily prayers and fasting and they do not believe in the day of Resurrection[5]. The Kurdish language is a language spoken in the region called Kurdistan, including Kurdish populations in parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey. ... Reincarnation, literally to be made flesh again, as a doctrine or mystical belief, holds the notion that some essential part of a living being (or in some variations, only human beings) can survive death in some form, with its integrity partly or wholly retained, to be reborn in a new... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Fasting is primarily the act of willingly abstaining from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time. ... Look up Resurrection in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The Yârsâns believe God manifests one primary and 5 secondary avatars to form with God the Holy Seven, and re-manifests these avatars in each of the seven epochs. While the avatars of the First Epoch can be closely matched by name to the archangels of the Semitic religions, the avatars of the Second Epoch, which begins with Ali as the primary avatar, are all Muslim figures, except for Nusayr. Nusayr may be interpreted as referring to the "Nazarene," i.e., Jesus Christ, or as Nârsch, the minor avatar who later came to be known as Theophobus. In the Fourth Epoch, the primary avatar is held to be Sultan Suhak. It is said that he was given birth by Mama Jelale a Kurdish maiden (female virgin) and as in the case of Mary, it had been a virginal conception. Once while sleeping under a pomegranate tree, a kernel of fruit fell into her mouth, because a bird had nibbled the fruit directly over her and had made the kernel fall.[6] This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... The ten avatars of Vishnu, copyright BBT In Hindu philosophy, an avatar (also spelt as avatara) (Sanskrit: , ), most commonly refers to the incarnation (bodily manifestation) of a higher being (deva), or the Supreme Being (God) onto planet Earth. ... Languages Kurdish Religions Predominantly Sunni Muslim also some Shia, Yazidism, Yarsan, Judaism, Christianity Related ethnic groups other Iranian peoples (Talysh Baluch Gilak Bakhtiari Persians) The Kurds are an ethnic group who consider themselves to be indigenous to a region often referred to as Kurdistan, an area which includes adjacent parts... A maiden may refer to: A female virgin. ... Saint Mary and Saint Mary the Virgin both redirect here. ... Binomial name L. The Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 5–8 m tall. ...


Like the Yazidis, followers of Yarsan or "Ahl-i Haqq" believe in reincarnation. They have a famous saying about death: Men! Do not fear the punishment of death! The death of man is like the dive which the duck makes. Human beings go through a cycle of 1,001 incarnations. During this process, they may become more purified based on their actions. The scene of last Judgement will take place in the plains of Sharazur (Kirkuk).[7] Reincarnation, literally to be made flesh again, is a doctrine or mystical belief that some essential part of a living being (in some variations only human beings) survives death to be reborn in a new body. ... Kirkuk (also spelled Karkuk or Kerkuk; Arabic: كركوك, Kirkūk; Kurdish: كه‌ركووك, Kerkûk; Syriac: ܐܪܦܗܐ, Arrapha; Persian: کرکوک; Turkish: Kerkük) is a city in northern Iraq and capital of Taamim Governorate. ...


Religious Texts

The traditions of Ahl-i Haqq are preserved in a form of poetry known as Kalam(Word or Discourse).You are able to get one of these books most likely around Hawar, Halabja or in Dalahu (Kurdistan of Iran). According to Ahl-i Haqq, Kalam are divinely revealed narratives passed down orally through the generations. They believe that these traditions were eventually collected and written down by the Golden Pen of Pir Musi, the angel in charge of recording human deeds and one of the five companions of Sultan Suhak[8]. This collection is considered to be the Yarsan's holy book called Serencam or Kalam-i Saranjam (The Discourse of Conclusion) and it consists of Epoch of Khawandagar, Epoch of Ali, Epoch of Khoshin, and Epoch of Sohak. These are the different manifestations of Divinity. The epoch of Khoshin takes place in the Luristan region and the epoch of Sohak is placed in the Land of Gorans (Hawraman) near the river Sirwan. The sayings attributed to Sultan Sohak are written in Gorani Kurdish, the sacred language of the Ahl-i Haqq.[9] Some of their literature is written in the Persian language.[10] Serencam (also Saranjam) is the main religious book of the Yarsani Kurds which is in the Gorani dialect of the Kurdish language. ... For other uses, see Divinity (disambiguation) and Divine (disambiguation). ... This article needs cleanup. ... Gorani could be the name of: Gorani, a village in the prefecture of Laconia Gorani, people and the English name of their language (actually Goranski) living in Kosovo and Metohia, a province of Serbia Gorani, a small group of Kurds and their dialect of the Kurdish language in Iran and... Hewraman (or Hawraman) is a region situated in southern parts of Kurdistan. ... Map of Mesopotamia showing the Diyala River The Diyala River is a river and tributary of the Tigris that runs through Iran and Iraq. ... Gorani could be the name of: Gorani, (a. ...


Yarsan, Alevi, Yazidi and Islam

According to some sources, Yarsan, Yazidism and Alevi are three branches of Cult of Angels or Yazdanism, a native Kurdish religion.Yarsan is also native religion of Lak people.[11][12]. Yarsan adherents are commonly labelled as Muslims because they adopted several superficial features, including veneration of Ali ibn Abi Talib, the first Shia Imam and fourth Sunni Caliph, and recognizing Islamic Shiite taqqiyyah (dissimulation). Critics of the faith refer to adherents as Ali-Ilahis or Aliullahis but according to the Encyclopaedia of Islam, the name Aliullahi (Ali Ilahi) applied to them by their neighbours is not accurate since Ali is not the dominant figure in their religion.[13] The Yezidi or Yazidi (Kurdish; Êzidî) are adherents of a small Middle Eastern religion with ancient origins. ... Alevis or Alevi-Bektashis (Kurdish: Alevi, Turkish: Aleviler or Alevilik) are a religious community in Turkey, and they make up some 20% of the population of the country. ... Yazdânism or Cult of Angels (also Yazdâni or Yazdanism) is a modern term for the monotheistic, though universalist, religion that was practiced by most Kurds up to the Islamization during the sixteenth century. ... Languages Kurdish Religions Predominantly Sunni Muslim also some Shia, Yazidism, Yarsan, Judaism, Christianity Related ethnic groups other Iranian peoples (Talysh Baluch Gilak Bakhtiari Persians) The Kurds are an ethnic group who consider themselves to be indigenous to a region often referred to as Kurdistan, an area which includes adjacent parts... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Ali ibn Abu Talib (Arabic: علي بن أبي طالب translit: ‘AlÄ« ibn Abu Ṭālib Persian: علی پسر ابو طالب) ‎ (599 – 661) is an early Islamic leader. ... The Shia Imam is considered by the Shia sect of Islam to be the rightful successor to Muhammad, and is similar to the Caliph in Sunni Islam. ... For main article see: Caliphate First of all, this system is invalid and is unlawful Islamicly. ... The Encyclopaedia of Islam (EI) is the standard encyclopaedia of the academic discipline of Islamic studies. ...


There are similarities between Ahl-e-Haqq and the (Turkish-Kurdish) Alevis, though how closely these similarities point to evidence of a joint origin remains in dispute. Others see a similarity to the Yezidis, though much of this debate must remain speculation, as all these groups have few published writings and favour secretive religious practices. The Yezidi or Yazidi (Kurdish; Êzidî) are adherents of a small Middle Eastern religion with ancient origins. ...


Despite the claims of Ahl-i Haqq descending from Cult of Angels / Yazdânism, there are actually no evidence that Yazdanism have ever existed or that Yazidism and Ahl-i Haqq have any connections with each other. Yazdanism collectively denotes a group of native Kurdish monotheistic religions: Alevism, Yarsan and Yazidism. ... Yazdânism or Cult of Angels (also Yazdâni or Yazdanism) is a modern term for the monotheistic, though universalist, religion that was practiced by most Kurds up to the Islamization during the sixteenth century. ... Yazdânism or Cult of Angels (also Yazdâni or Yazdanism) is a modern term for the monotheistic, though universalist, religion that was practiced by most Kurds up to the Islamization during the sixteenth century. ... The Yezidi or Yazidi (Kurdish; Êzidî) are adherents of a small Middle Eastern religion with ancient origins. ...


Famous people

The famous Iranian musician and mystic Nur Ali Elahi was a high-ranked member of Ahl-e-Haqq and published a book about beliefs and practices of this order which is one of the few reliable sources on the subject. Sheikh Mahmud Barzanji, the self-proclaimed King of Kingdom of Kurdistan after World War I, claimed to be descended from the brother of Sultan Sahak in the twelfth generation.[14] Ostad Nur Ali Elahi (September 11, 1895 - 1974), born in Jeyhounabad, a small village in western Iran, was a contemporary philosopher, jurist, and musician. ... Sheikh Mahmmud Barzanji (Kurdish: Şêx Mehmûd Berzincî, Arabic:شیخ محمود برزنجي) was the leader of several Kurdish uprisings against the British Mandate of Iraq. ... Flag Capital Sulaymaniyah Language(s) Kurdish Religion Islam Government Monarchy King Mahmud Barzanji Prime Minister Qadir Hafeed Historical era Interwar Period  - Treaty of Sèvres August 10, 1920  - Proclaimed October 10, 1921  - Treaty of Lausanne July 24, 1923  - Disestablished July, 1924  - British Mandate of Mesopotamia October 3, 1932 Currency Indian... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Z. Mir-Hosseini, Inner Truth and Outer History: The Two Worlds of the Ahl-i Haqq of Kurdistan, International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol.26, 1994, p.269
  3. ^ Kjeilen, Tore. Ahl-e Haqq. Encyclopaedia of the Orient. Retrieved on 2006-09-01.
  4. ^ Leezenberg, Michiel. Gorani Influence on Central Kurdish: Substratum or Prestige Borrowing? (RTF).
  5. ^ Z. Mir-Hosseini, Inner Truth and Outer History: The Two Worlds of the Ahl-i Haqq of Kurdistan, International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol.26, 1994, p.267-268
  6. ^ Nebez, Jamal (1997-09-19). The Kurds: History and Culture (PDF). Western Kurdistan Association. Retrieved on 2006-09-01.
  7. ^ [2]
  8. ^ Z. Mir-Hosseini, Inner Truth and Outer History: The Two Worlds of the Ahl-i Haqq of Kurdistan, International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol.26, 1994, p.268
  9. ^ [3]
  10. ^ Leezenberg, Michiel. Gorani Influence on Central Kurdish: Substratum or Prestige Borrowing? (RTF).
  11. ^ RELIGION: CULT OF ANGELS. Encyclopaedia Kurdistanica. Retrieved on 2006-09-01.
  12. ^ Yazdanism. Encyclopaedia of the Orient. Retrieved on 2006-11-25.
  13. ^ [4]
  14. ^ [5]

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Rich Text Format (often abbreviated to RTF) is a proprietary document file format developed by Microsoft in 1987 for cross-platform document interchange. ... Jamal Nebez,(or Cemal Nebez in Kurdish)(1933- ) is a renowned Kurdish linguist. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Rich Text Format (often abbreviated to RTF) is a proprietary document file format developed by Microsoft in 1987 for cross-platform document interchange. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Languages Kurmanji, Arabic Religions Yazdânism (Yazidism) Related ethnic groups other Kurds The Yazidi (also Yezidi, Kurdish: Êzidîtî or Êzidî, Arabic: يزيدي or ايزيدي) are adherents of the smallest of the three branches of Yazdânism, a Middle Eastern religion with roots in Zoroastrianism. ... Sharazor (also: Sharazur, Shahrazor, Shahrazur, Shahrezour, Shehrizor, land of Zor and City of Zor) was name of a historic Wilayet and a city situated to the south and east of Iraqi Kurdistan; // The name of Sharazor is formed of two words: Shar or shahr meaning: land, region, city; and Zor... Genocide is the mass killing of a group of people, as defined by Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (CPPCG) as any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or...

External links


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m