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Encyclopedia > Yaroslavl
Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Kotorosl River in Yaroslavl downtown
State Party Russian Federation
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 1170
Region Europe and North America
Inscription History
Inscription 2005  (29th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
† Region as classified by UNESCO.

Yaroslavl (Russian: Яросла́вль) is a city in Russia, the administrative center of Yaroslavl Oblast, located 250 km north-east of Moscow at 57°37′N, 39°51′E. The historical part of the city, a World Heritage Site, is located at the confluence of the Volga and the Kotorosl. As of the 2002 Census, it has a population of 613,088. UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 473 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (568 × 720 pixel, file size: 108 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Kotorosl River near the Saviour Monastery in Yaroslavl. ... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Types of settlements in Russia, Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states have certain peculiarities with respect to the English language traditions. ... Yaroslavl Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), which is located in the Central Federal District, surrounded by Tver, Moscow, Ivanovo, Vladimir, Kostroma, and Vologda Oblasts. ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... The Volga, widely viewed as the national river of Russia, flows through the western part of the country. ... Kotorosl (Ко́торосль) — river in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ...

Contents

History

Yaroslavl (preceded by the Viking sites like Timerevo from the 8th or 9th centuries, but said to have been founded in 1010 as an outpost of the Principality of Rostov Veliky, first mentioned in 1071) lies at the intersection of major highways, railways, and waterways. Capital of an independent principality from 1218, it was incorporated into Muscovy in 1463. In the 17th century it was Russia's second largest city, and for a time (during the Polish occupation of Moscow in 1612), the country's de facto capital. Now Yaroslavl is an important industrial center (petrochemical plant, tire manufacturing plant, diesel engines plant and many others). The term Viking commonly denotes the ship-borne warriors and traders of Norsemen (literally, men from the north) who originated in Scandinavia and raided the coasts of the British Isles and mainland Europe as far east as the Volga River in Russia from the late 8th–11th century. ... Timerevo (Russian: Тимерёво, Timeryovo) is an archaeological site near the village Bolshoe Timeryovo, seven kilometers southwest of Yaroslavl, which yielded the largest deposits of early medieval Arabic coins in Northern Europe. ... A principality is a monarchical feudatory or sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a Monarch with the title of prince or princess (a synonym is princedom) or (in the widest sense) a Monarch with another title within the generic use of the term prince. ... Rostov (Russian: Росто́в; Old Norse: Rostofa) is one of the oldest towns in Russia and an important tourist centre of the so called Golden ring. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Muscovy (Moscow principality (княжество Московское) to Grand Duchy of Moscow (Великое Княжество Московское) to Russian Tsardom (Царство Русское)) is a traditional Western name for the Russian state that existed from the 14th century to the late 17th century. ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ...


Apart from the Spaso-Preobrazhensky (Transfiguration of the Saviour) Monastery the oldest churches in the city date back to the 17th century and belong to the so called Yaroslavl type (built of red brick, with bright tiled exteriors). Those of St. Nicholas Nadein and Elijah the Prophet have some of the Golden ring's most impressive frescoes. The Golden Ring (Russian: Золото́е Кольцо́) is a ring of cities northeast of Moscow, the capital of the Russian Federation. ... Fresco by Dionisius representing Saint Nicholas. ...


Yaroslavl has many institutions for higher education including: Demidov University, Polytechnical University, Ushinskiy Pedagogical University, Medical Academy, International University for Business and New Technologies (MUBINT).


Military institutions include the High Military Financial School and the High Anti-aircraft Missile School.


The city has a well-developed network of public transportation including buses, trolley-buses and tram lines. It is home to the Tunoshna airport, which was a former Cold War airbase, and the Yaroslavl Levtsovo air base. Skytrain Bangkok. ... A Go North East bus parked in a lay-by in Tyne and Wear, England. ... Å koda 14 Tr trolleybus in Vilnius, Lithuania. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Tunoshna (also Tunoshnoye, or Tunoschna) (Russian: ) (IATA: IAR, ICAO: UUDL) is an airport in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia located 18 km southeast of Yaroslavl. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... Yaroslavl/Levtsovo is an air base in Yaroslavska, Russia located 5 km south of Yaroslavl. ...

Many Orthodox shrines and monasteries are strewn along the banks of the Volga.
Many Orthodox shrines and monasteries are strewn along the banks of the Volga.

There is one railway bridge across the Volga and two road bridges; the second road bridge across the Volga was ready for use in October 2006. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (818x310, 80 KB) Volga River opposite Tolga Monastery, as photographed by User:Ghirlandajo from his own house in 2003. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (818x310, 80 KB) Volga River opposite Tolga Monastery, as photographed by User:Ghirlandajo from his own house in 2003. ... A log bridge in the French Alps near Vallorcine. ...


There are two major passenger railway stations: Yaroslavl-Glavny and Yaroslavl-Moskovsky. Electric shuttle trains go to Danilov, Rostov, Alexandrov, Nerekhta, and Kostroma. Diesel shuttle trains go to Rybinsk and Ivanovo. Also many long-distance passenger trains go through Yaroslavl. An SP freight train west of Chicago in 1992. ... Danilov (Дани́лов) is a small town in Yaroslavl Oblast. ... Rostov (Russian: Росто́в; Old Norse: Rostofa) is one of the oldest towns in Russia and an important tourist centre of the so called Golden ring. ... Alexandrov or Alexandrova may refer to: Aleksandar Aleksandrov (b. ... Nerekhta (Не́рехта) is a town in Kostroma Oblast, Russia, known since the early 13th century. ... Fire-observation watchtower in Kostroma (1825-28). ... Rybinsk (Ры́бинск), with population exceding 250,000, is the second largest city of the Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia. ... Ivanovo (Russian: Ива́ново) is the administrative center of Ivanovo Oblast, Russia. ... An SP freight train west of Chicago in 1992. ...


Yaroslavl boasts the oldest theater in Russia (the Volkov Theater, 1750). For other usages see Theatre (disambiguation) Theater (American English) or Theatre (British English and widespread usage among theatre professionals in the US) is that branch of the performing arts concerned with acting out stories in front of an audience using combinations of speech, gesture, music, dance, sound and spectacle &#8212...


Temples: the city has many Russian Orthodox churches, one Russian Old Believers church, one Baptist church, one Lutheran church, one mosque and one synagogue. Temple of Hephaestus, an Doric Greek temple in Athens with the original entrance facing east, 449 BC (western face depicted) For other uses, see Temple (disambiguation). ... The Russian Orthodox Church (Русская Православная церковь) is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with... It has been suggested that Ecclesia (Church) be merged into this article or section. ... In the context of Russian Orthodox church history, the Old Believers (Russian: ) separated after 1666 - 1667 from the hierarchy of the Russian Orthodox Church as a protest against church reforms introduced by Patriarch Nikon. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... A synagogue (from Ancient Greek: , transliterated synagogÄ“, assembly; Hebrew: beit knesset, house of assembly; Yiddish: , shul; Ladino: , esnoga) is a Jewish place of religious worship. ...


FC Shinnik Yaroslavl is a soccer club based in Yaroslavl, playing in the Russian Premier League. The city also hosts the Lokomotiv ice hockey team which became the champion of Russia in 1996–1997, 2001–2002, and 2002–2003. FC Shinnik Yaroslavl (Russian full name: Футбольный клуб Шинник Ярославль) is a Russian football (soccer) club, based in Yaroslavl. ... Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Russian Premier League is the top division of Russian football teams. ...


Notable residents

  • Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman to go into space was born in a nearby village and went to school in Yaroslavl.
  • Fedor Volkov, founder of the 1st Russian theatre
  • Nikolai Nekrasov and Leonod Trefolev, poets
  • Leonid Sobinov, founder of the Russian pedagogics

1963 USSR postage stamp depicting Valentina Tereshkova Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova (Russian: ; born March 6, 1937), is a retired Soviet cosmonaut and was the first woman to fly in space, aboard Vostok 6 on the 16th of June 1963. ...

Regions

Saviour Monastery Cathedral in Yaroslavl (1505-15)
Saviour Monastery Cathedral in Yaroslavl (1505-15)

Yaroslavl is divided into six city districts. The center is located on the northern bank of the Kotorosol where it converges with the Volga, on the Volga's western bank. The Center is the economic and political center of the city. The center is also the oldest district in the city, where the city was first settled. The center boasts the majority of landmarks and attraction in the city, including the Volkov theater, the Church of Elijah the prophet, the soccer stadium, the Volga embankment and the monastery, often mistakenly called the kremlin. Pyatyorka is located north of the center, but still under its administrative jurisdiction. Pyatyorka is largely a residential region with very little of note, aside from a few Houses of Culture. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (426x645, 138 KB) Saviour Monastery Cathedral in Yaroslavl (1505-15). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (426x645, 138 KB) Saviour Monastery Cathedral in Yaroslavl (1505-15). ...


Across the Kotorosol lie Frunzensky and Krasnoperekopsky city districts, which are divided by Moskovsky Prospect. Frunzensky is a relatively new district, constructed in the post-war era and boasts little of particular interest. Perhaps Frunzensky district's greatest attraction is the Yarpivo brewery. Most of the buildings there of typical grey Soviet construction. Frunzensky district is divided into three microdistricts: Suzdalka, Dyadkovo, and Lipovaya Gora. Microdistrict, or microraion (Russian: ; Chinese: 小区; Pinyin: Xiǎoqū), is a residential compound—a primary structural element of the residential area construction used in the Soviet Union, other former Warsaw pact countries, and the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ...

Perekop
Perekop

Krasnoperekopsky city district is one of the oldest parts in Yaroslavl. During pre-revolution days, it was home to the bulk of Yaroslavl's industry, and a good deal of industry still remains today. Krasnoperekopsky district is divided into two microdistricts, one of which is Neftestroy—a relatively pleasant up-and-coming region, named for its proximity to Yaroslavl's oil refinery. Neftestroy is home to the newly-built hockey arena, and there are plans to build an indoor soccer stadium there by the millennial anniversary of Yaroslavl's founding. By contrast, on the other side of the railway tracks that run through Krasnopereposk district lies the Perekop proper. Today, the Perekop is known as one of the most dangerous areas of Yaroslavl. It largely consists of run down, pre-Soviet izbas, and decaying factory buildings. There are plans in the works to pump life into this depressed district, but at the time of writing it still remains extremely impoverished and dangerous. Much of Yaroslavl's mafia grew out of the Perekop. Ironically enough, the Perekop boasts some of Yaroslavl's most beautiful parks and churches, most notably the Church of Saint John the Baptist, which is located right next to a paint factory on the Kotrosol embankment; and Peter and Paul's Cathedral, a peculiar Protestant-looking Orthodox church. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Yaroslavl town hall (18th century)
Yaroslavl town hall (18th century)

North of the center there is a small industrial region, which is home to the tire factory, the sponsor of Yaroslavl's soccer team, and the engine plant, as well as many other smaller factories. Further north on the Western bank lies Dzerzhinsky city district, named after "Iron" Felix Dzerzhinsky, founder of the Cheka, the Soviet secret police. Dzerzhinsky district's core microdistrict is Bragino, named after a small village that was eventually consumed by Yaroslavl's post-war expansion. Bragino is the largest area in Yaroslavl in terms of population, but like Frunzensky district, it is largely a residential region, mostly consisting of middle to lower-middle class families. Image File history File linksMetadata Yar_april_20. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Yar_april_20. ... City Hall is a 1996 film directed by Harold Becker. ... Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (Polish: Feliks Dzierżyński, Russian: Феликс Эдмундович Дзержинский, Belarusian: Фелікс Эдмундавіч Дзяржынскі; September 11, 1877 [O.S. August 30] –July 20, 1926) was a Polish Communist revolutionary, famous as the founder of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka, later known by many names during the history of the Soviet...


On the other bank of the Volga lies Zavolzhsky city district (lit. one behind the Volga). Zavolzhsky district is Yaroslavl's quietest and most rural area. In Zavolzhsky, blocks of pre-fabricated Soviet apartment blocks are broken up by beautiful birch and evergreen forests. The region is largely residential and has little to boast aside from its forests.


Sister cities

Yaroslavl has twin town ties with Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Burlington, Vermont Burlington is a city in Chittenden County, Vermont of which it is the county seat. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... District Coimbra Mayor   - Party Carlos Encarnação PSD Area 316. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England_(bordered). ... The city of Exeter is the county town of Devon, in the southwest of England, also known as the Westcountry. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... , ) Hanau is a town in Hessen, Germany with 89,000 inhabitants. ... Hesse (German: Hessen) is a state of Germany with an area of 21,110 km² and just over six million inhabitants. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland_(bordered). ... Fireworks in Jyväskylä Jyväskylä (IPA: [jyʋæsËŒkylæ]) is a city located in central Finland, 147 km from Tampere and 270 km from Helsinki, near the lakes Päijänne and Keitele. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... This article is about the city of Kassel in Hessen, Germany. ... Hesse (German: Hessen) is a state of Germany with an area of 21,110 km² and just over six million inhabitants. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Location within France Poitiers (population 85,000) is a small city located in west central France. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Ярославль
  • MAP OF YAROSLAVL (SEARCHABLE)
  • Panorama of Yaroslavl
  • Contemporary architecture of Yaroslavl
  • Photos
  • Photos
  • Information
  • Photos
  • Volkov theater
  • Yaroslavl Millenium project 2010
  • Information (In Russian)


Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia_(bordered). ...

Coat of arms of Yaroslavl Oblast Cities and towns in Yaroslavl Oblast Flag of Russia
Administrative center: Yaroslavl

Danilov | Gavrilov-Yam | Lyubim | Myshkin | Pereslavl-Zalessky | Poshekhonye | Rostov | Rybinsk | Tutayev | Uglich Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Yaroslavl Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), which is located in the Central Federal District, surrounded by Tver, Moscow, Ivanovo, Vladimir, Kostroma, and Vologda Oblasts. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Danilov (Дани́лов) is a small town in Yaroslavl Oblast. ... Gavrilov-Yam (Гаври́лов-Я́м) is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia. ... Lyubim (Люби́м) is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia. ... Uspenye Chapel in winter Myshkin (Мы́шкин) is a small town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia. ... Pereslavls most famous ruler, Alexander Nevsky, was baptized at the Saviour Cathedral (1152-57). ... Poshekhonye (Пошехо́нье) is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia. ... Rostov (Russian: Росто́в; Old Norse: Rostofa) is one of the oldest towns in Russia and an important tourist centre of the so called Golden ring. ... Rybinsk (Ры́бинск), with population exceding 250,000, is the second largest city of the Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia. ... Tutayev (Тута́ев) is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia. ... Transfiguration cathedral in the kremlin Uglich (Russian: У́глич, pronounced ooglitch) is a historic town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, on the Volga River. ...

Golden Ring of Russia

Alexandrov | Bogolyubovo | Gorokhovets | Gus-Khrustalny | Ivanovo | Kideksha | Kostroma | Moscow | Palekh | Pereslavl-Zalessky | Plyos | Rostov | Sergiyev Posad | Suzdal | Tutayev | Uglich | Vladimir | Yaroslavl | Yuryev-Polsky The Golden Ring (Russian: ) is a ring of cities northeast of Moscow, the capital of Russia. ... Alexandrov (Russian: ) is a town in Vladimir Oblast, Russia. ... Bogolyubovo (Russian: Боголюбово) is an urban type settlement in the Vladimir Oblast in Russia, located some 10 km northeast of Vladimir. ... Gorokhovets coat of arms combines Vladimirs heraldic lion with peas, alluding to the plant which gave rise to the towns name. ... Gus Khrustalny (Гусь-Хрустальный in Russian) is a town in the Vladimir Oblast in Russia, located on the Gus River (a tributary of the Oka River) 63 km south of Vladimir. ... Ivanovo (Russian: Ива́ново) is the administrative center of Ivanovo Oblast, Russia. ... Fire-observation watchtower in Kostroma (1825-28). ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... Village of Palekh Palekh miniature (Палехская миниатюра in Russian) is a Russian folk handicraft of miniature painting, which is done with tempera paints on varnished articles made of papier-mâché (small boxes, cigarette and powder cases etc. ... Pereslavls most famous ruler, Alexander Nevsky, was baptized at the Saviour Cathedral (1152-57). ... Plyos (Russian: ) is a town in and the administrative center of Privolzhsky District of Ivanovo Oblast, Russia, situated on the right bank of the Volga River some 70 km northeast of Ivanovo. ... Rostov (Russian: Росто́в; Old Norse: Rostofa) is one of the oldest towns in Russia and an important tourist centre of the so called Golden ring. ... Monument to St. ... St. ... Tutayev (Тута́ев) is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia. ... Transfiguration cathedral in the kremlin Uglich (Russian: У́глич, pronounced ooglitch) is a historic town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, on the Volga River. ... Population 315,954 (2002) Time zone Moscow (MSK/MSD), UTC +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD) Latitude/Longitude Vladimir (Russian: ) is an old city in Russia. ... Yuryev-Polsky, or Yuriev Polskoy (Russian: ), is an old town in Vladimir Oblast, Russia, located in the upper reaches of the Koloksha River, 68 km northwest of Vladimir. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Yaroslavl / OWHC / Organization of World Heritage Cities (210 words)
Situated at the confluence of the Volga and Kotorosl rivers some 250km northeast of Moscow, the historic city of Yaroslavl developed into a major commercial centre as of the 11th century.
It is renowned for its numerous 17th century churches and is an outstanding example of the urban planning reform Empress Catherine the Great ordered for the whole of Russia in 1763.
C (iv) to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history;
Kommersant - Russia's Daily Online (3782 words)
Yaroslavl is a city of scientists and students and a center of the engineering, chemical, textile, and processing industries.
Agriculture in Yaroslavl Region is mainly concerned with growing potatoes, vegetables, and flax; raising beef and dairy cattle, pigs, and sheep; and fishing (on the Rybinskoe Reservoir).
Yaroslavl's parks and squares are embellished with monuments to actor and playwright F.V. Volkov, poets N.A. Nekrasov and L.E. Trefolev, Marshal of the Soviet Union F.I. Tolbukhin, and a memorial honoring the deeds of Yaroslavl residents during the Second World War.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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