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Encyclopedia > Yarmouth, Massachusetts
Yarmouth, Massachusetts
Yarmouth Town Offices

Seal
Location in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 41°42′20″N, 70°13′45″W
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Barnstable County
Settled 1639
Incorporated 1639
Government
 - Type Open town meeting
Area
 - Town  28.2 sq mi (73.1 km²)
 - Land  24.3 sq mi (62.8 km²)
 - Water  4.0 sq mi (10.3 km²)
Elevation  30 ft (9 m)
Population (2000)
 - Town 24,807
 - Density 1,023.0/sq mi (395.0/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02664
Area code(s) 508 / 774
Website: http://www.yarmouth.ma.us/
There are other places named Yarmouth.

Yarmouth is a town in Barnstable County, Massachusetts, Barnstable County being coextensive with Cape Cod. The population was 24,807 at the 2000 census. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (900 × 600 pixel, file size: 67 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the... Image File history File links Yarmouth,_MA_Seal. ... Image File history File links Yarmouth_ma_highlight. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Barnstable County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... An Open Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature, typical in the New England region of the United States. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... Area code 508 was split from area code 617 on July 16, 1988. ... Area code 774 is an overlay of parts of area code 508. ... Yarmouth may refer to one of the following places. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Barnstable County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Cape Cod (or simply the Cape) is an arm-shaped peninsula nearly coextensive with Barnstable County, Massachusetts and forming the easternmost portion of the state of Massachusetts, in the Northeastern United States. ...


For geographic and demographic information on specific parts of the town of Yarmouth, please see the articles on South Yarmouth, West Yarmouth, and Yarmouth Port. South Yarmouth is a census-designated place and village located in the town of Yarmouth in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ... West Yarmouth is a census-designated place and village located in the town of Yarmouth in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ... Boardwalk at Bass Hole, Yarmouthport, MA. Yarmouthport (often incorrectly spelled as Yarmouth Port. The correct spelling is as one word with a lower-case p) is a census-designated place and village located in the town of Yarmouth in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ...

Contents

History

The first attempt to settle Yarmouth was made by Rev. Stephen Bachiler and his followers in the winter of 1637/8. However, this settlement was abandoned due to the severity of the winter "and others undertook it".[1] Yarmouth was organized and named in 1639. It originally was founded by the Pilgrims, and covered lands currently part of the towns of Barnstable, Brewster, Chatham and Harwich. Farming and the sea provided the industry for the early settlers to the town, with both the northern and southern ports being active in industry. This brought wealth to Yarmouth, which can still be seen today in its historic districts. The railroad came in the mid-1800s, and helped Yarmouth become a tourist destination. Today the town is mostly known for its tourist industry and shopping, as it is the home of the original Christmas Tree Shops on Route 28.[2] Stephen Bachiler (15?? - 1656) was an English clergyman who was an early proponent of the separation of church and state in America. ... Events January 14 - Connecticuts first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted. ... Christmas Tree Shops are a chain of stores that started in Yarmouthport, Massachusetts on Cape Cod as a complex of three small stores; the Front Shop, the Back Shop, and the Barn Shop. ...


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 73.1 km² (28.2 mi²). 62.8 km² (24.2 mi²) of it is land and 10.3 km² (4.0 mi²) of it (14.07%) is water. Yarmouth is bordered by Cape Cod Bay to the north, Dennis to the east, Nantucket Sound to the south, and Barnstable to the west. Yarmouth is approximately seventy-five miles southwest of Boston. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Cape Cod Bay is a large bay of the Atlantic Ocean adjacent to the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Nickname: none Official website: http://www. ... Nantucket Sound is a roughly triangular area of the Atlantic Ocean offshore from the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Barnstable County Settled 1637 Incorporated 1638 Government  - Type Council-manager city  - Town    Manager John C. Klimm Area  - City  76. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area  - City  89. ...


The Bass River and its tributaries make up the majority of the town's border with Dennis. There are also several smaller ponds throughout the town. The Cape Cod Bay shore is marshy, with several creeks flowing into it. The town's southern shore is known for its beaches, from the west jetty of the Bass River to Great Island, on the east and south sides of Hyannis Harbor. The town has no state forests or wildlife management areas, although there are many such natural, unprotected areas in town. The town is also the site of four golf courses, a rod and gun club, and a Boy Scout camp.


Transportation

Cape Cod's three major east-west routes, U.S. Route 6, Route 6A and Route 28, all run through the town. Unlike many towns on the Cape, there are no other state routes crossing between the three roads, with all crossing routes being local roads. There are two exits off of Route 6 (also known as the Mid-Cape Highway) in town. U.S. Route 6 is a main route of the U.S. Highway system, running east-northeast from Bishop, California to Provincetown, Massachusetts. ... Route 6A is the name for parts of former US 6 on Cape Cod. ... Massachusetts Route 28 is a nominally north-south route running from the New Hampshire state line, through Boston and the western reaches of Norfolk and Plymouth counties, and then west-to-east on Cape Cod, finally ending as a south-north section between Chatham and Orleans. ...


The Bay Colony Railroad line passes from east to west through the town, as does a portion of its spur to Hyannis. There are also several bike paths throughout town. The nearest airport is the Barnstable Municipal Airport, just over the town line. The nearest national and international air service can be reached at Logan International Airport in Boston. Barnstable Municipal Airport (IATA:HYA, ICAO:KHYA) is an airport located in Hyannis, Massachusetts. ... Logan International Airport with aircraft taking off over harbor Bostons Logan International Airport from the airside lounge of Terminal E, illustrating how the airport is largely surrounded by water. ...


Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 24,807 people, 11,520 households, and 6,900 families residing in the town. The population density was 395.0/km² (1,023.0/mi²). There were 16,605 housing units at an average density of 264.4/km² (684.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.23% White, 1.34% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.94% from other races, and 1.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.44% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 11,520 households out of which 19.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.1% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.68. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 17.2% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 30.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.8 males.


The median income for a household in the town was $39,808, and the median income for a family was $48,148. Males had a median income of $37,090 versus $26,741 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,731. About 5.2% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.1% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

Yarmouth is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as a part of the First and Second Barnstable Districts. The town is represented in the Massachusetts Senate as a part of the Cape and Islands Districts, which includes all of Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket except the towns of Bourne, Falmouth, Sandwich and a portion of Barnstable.[3] The town is home to the Second Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police.[4] The Massachusetts House of Representatives is the lower house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ... The Massachusetts Senate is the upper house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ... The Massachusetts State Police (MSP) is an agency of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Executive Office of Public Safety responsible for criminal law enforcement and traffic vehicle regulation across the state. ...


On the national level, Yarmouth is a part of Massachusetts's 10th congressional district, and is currently represented by Bill Delahunt. The state's senior (Class I) member of the United States Senate, re-elected in 2006, is Ted Kennedy. The junior (Class II) Senator, up for re-election in 2008, is John Kerry. The 10th District includes the South Shore of Massachusetts, running from Quincy to Weymouth and Abington and includes all of Cape Cod, Nantucket and Marthas Vineyard. ... William D. (Bill) Delahunt (born July 18, 1941), has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1997, representing the 10th District of Massachusetts. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      Senate composition following 2006 elections The United States Senate is... Edward Moore Ted Kennedy (born February 22, 1932) is the senior United States Senator from Massachusetts and a member of the Democratic Party. ... Al Gore (born December 11, 1943) is a Vietnam Veteran and the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts. ...


Yarmouth is governed by the open town meeting form of government, and is led by a town administrator and a board of selectmen. There is a central police station, and one firehouse, post office and library each in South Yarmouth, West Yarmouth and Yarmouth Port. An Open Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature, typical in the New England region of the United States. ... A city manager is an official appointed as the administrative manager of a city, in a council-manager form of city government. ... The Board of Selectmen is commonly the executive arm of town government in New England. ...


Education

Yarmouth schools make up one-half of the Dennis-Yarmouth Regional School District. Yarmouth operates two elementary schools (Laurence C. MacArthur and Station Avenue) which serve students from pre-kindergarten through third grade, as well as the Marguerite E. Small School for grades 4 & 5, and the Mattacheese Middle School for grades 6 through 8. The town is the home to Dennis-Yarmouth Regional High School, where both towns send their students. Their team colors are green and white, and their mascot is the dolphin.


Yarmouth does not have any affiliation with any technical schools. Students may, however, choose to attend Saint Pius X School for grades pre-kindergarten through 8, or any of the other private schools in neighboring Barnstable.


Notable residents

Pilgrims is the name commonly applied to early settlers of the Plymouth Colony, MA. Their leadership came from a religious congregation who had fled religious persecution in the East Midlands of England for the relative calm of Holland in the Netherlands. ... Allegheny College is a private liberal arts college located in northwestern Pennsylvania which prides itself as being one of the oldest colleges in the United States. ...

References

  1. ^ Anderson, Robert Charles,The Great Migration Begins, Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995, I:66 from Winthrop's Journal 1:313.
  2. ^ Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket Street Atlas. South Easton, MA: Arrow Maps Inc., 2004, p. 96.
  3. ^ Index of Legislative Representation by City and Town, from Mass.gov
  4. ^ Station D-2, SP Yarmouth
  5. ^ (1967) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Yarmouth, Massachusetts

  Results from FactBites:
 
Yarmouth Area Chamber of Commerce - Yarmouth, Cape Cod, Massachusetts - Chamber of Commerce (469 words)
Yarmouth is the second oldest town on Cape Cod, and it is filled with historic charm.
For the outdoor minded, Yarmouth boasts 15 of Cape Cod’s finest fresh and saltwater beaches to laze away the days, 4 golf courses challenging all levels, 14 tennis courts for the more active, and many hiking, and conservation trails.
Nightlife in Yarmouth is filled with moonlight walks on Cape Cod’s most beautiful beaches, candle lit dinners at the area's many restaurants, and dancing to music for all ages at one of several clubs.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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