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Encyclopedia > Yangtze River
Yangtze River
The course of the Yangtze River through China
Origin Qinghai, Tibet
Mouth East China Sea
Basin countries China
Length 6,300 km (3,915 mi)[1]
Source elevation 5,042 m (16,542 ft)
Avg. discharge 31,900 m³/s (1,127,000 ft³/s)
Basin area 1,800,000 km² (695,000 mi²)

The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang (Simplified Chinese: 长江; Traditional Chinese: 長江; Pinyin: Cháng Jiāng), or Drichu in Tibetan (Tibetan: འབ; Wylie: 'bri chu) is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world, after the Nile in Africa, and the Amazon in South America. The river is about 6,380 km long and flows from its source in Qinghai Province, eastwards into the East China Sea at Shanghai. It has traditionally been considered a dividing line between North and South China, although geographers consider the Qinling-Huai River line to be the official line of geographical division. Image File history File links Yangtze_River_Map. ... [[ == Headline text == This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Qinghai (Chinese: 青海; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ching-hai; Postal System Pinyin: Tsinghai; Tibetan: མཚོ་སྔོན་ mtsho-sngon; Mongolian: Köke Naγur; Manchu: Huhu Noor) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, named after the enormous Qinghai Lake. ... Tibet (see Name section below for other spellings) is a plateau region in Central Asia and the indigenous home to the Tibetan people. ... The East China Sea is a marginal sea and part of the Pacific Ocean. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... [[ == Headline text == This article does not cite its references or sources. ... In hydrology, the discharge of a river is the volume of water transported by it in a certain amount of time. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... The Tibetan language is spoken primarily by the Tibetan people who live across a wide area of eastern Central Asia bordering South Asia, as well as by large number of Tibetan refugees all over the world. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The Wylie transliteration scheme is a method for transliterating the Tibetan script using the keys on a typical English language typewriter. ... This bridge across the Danube River links Hungary with Slovakia. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... The Nile (Arabic: , transliteration: , Ancient Egyptian iteru, Coptic piaro or phiaro) is a major north-flowing river in Africa, generally regarded as the longest river in the world. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... This article is about the river. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... km redirects here. ... Qinghai (Chinese: 青海; pinyin: Qīnghǎi; Wade-Giles: Ching-hai; Postal System Pinyin: Tsinghai) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, named after the enormous Qinghai Lake (Koko Nor). ... The East China Sea is a marginal sea and part of the Pacific Ocean. ... Shanghai (Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; Wu (Long-short): ZÃ¥nhae; Shanghainese (IPA): ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta in East China, is the largest city of the Peoples Republic of China and the seventh largest in the world. ... Alternative meaning: In geology, North China (continent) and South China (continent) were two ancient landmasses that correspond to modern northern and southern China. ... The Qinling Mountains are a major mountain range in central China. ... Huai He The Huai River (Chinese: 淮河; pinyin: ) is about mid-way between the Yellow River (Huang He) and the Yangtze River. ...

Contents

Names

The first turn of the Yangtze at Shigu (石鼓), Yunnan Province, where the river turns 180 degrees from south- to north-bound.
The first turn of the Yangtze at Shigu (石鼓), Yunnan Province, where the river turns 180 degrees from south- to north-bound.

The name Yangtze River, as well as various similar names such as Yangtse River, Yangzi River, Yangtze Kiang etc., is derived from Yangzi Jiang (Simplified Chinese: 扬子江; Traditional Chinese: 揚子江; Pinyin: Yángzǐ Jiāng) listen , which, beginning in the Sui Dynasty, was the Chinese name for the river in its lower reaches, specifically, the stretch between Yangzhou (扬州) and Zhenjiang (镇江). The name derives from the ancient ferry crossing Yangzi Jin (扬子津, meaning "Yangzi Crossing"). From the Ming dynasty, the name was sometimes written 洋子 (yángzĭ). Because it was the name first heard by missionaries and traders, this name was applied in English to the entire river. In Chinese, Yangzi Jiang is considered a historical or poetic name for the river. The modern Chinese name, Chang Jiang (长江/長江 Cháng Jiāng), literally means "long river" and may sometimes also be used in English. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 294 pixels Full resolution (1087 × 400 pixel, file size: 117 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Yangtze River Metadata This file... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 294 pixels Full resolution (1087 × 400 pixel, file size: 117 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Yangtze River Metadata This file... Yunan redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Image File history File links Chinese-YangZiJiang. ... The Sui Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; 581-619[1]) followed the Southern and Northern Dynasties and preceded the Tang Dynasty in China. ... Yangzhou (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; former spellings: Yang-chou, Yangchow; literally Rising Prefecture) is a prefecture-level city in central Jiangsu province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Zhenjiang (Simplified Chinese: 镇江; Traditional Chinese: 鎮江; pinyin: Zhènjiāng; Wade-Giles: Chen-chiang) is a prefecture-level city in the southwestern Jiangsu province, Peoples Republic of China. ...


Like many rivers, the river is known by different names over its course. At its source it is called in Chinese the Dangqu (当曲, from the Tibetan for "marsh river"). Downstream it is called the Tuotuo River (沱沱河) and then the Tongtian River (通天河, literally "pass to heaven river"). Where it runs through deep gorges parallel to the Mekong and the Salween before emerging onto the plains of Sichuan, it is known as the Jinsha River (金沙江 Jīnshā Jiāng, literally "golden sands river"). The Tibetan language is spoken primarily by the Tibetan people who live across a wide area of eastern Central Asia bordering South Asia, as well as by large number of Tibetan refugees all over the world. ... The Mekong is one of the worlds major rivers. ... The Salween River (also spelt Salwin, a. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ...


The Yangtze was earlier known to the Chinese as simply Jiang (江 Jiāng), which has become a generic name meaning "river," or the Da Jiang (大江 Dà Jiāng, literally "great river"). The Tibetan name for the river is Drichu (Tibetan: འབྲི་ཆུ་; Wylie: 'bri chu, lit. "river of the female yak"). The Yangtze is sometimes referred to as the Golden Waterway. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The Wylie transliteration scheme is a method for transliterating the Tibetan script using the keys on a typical English language typewriter. ...


Geography

Cruising through the Three Gorges along the Yangtze River
Cruising through the Three Gorges along the Yangtze River

The river originates in a glacier in the Dangla Mountains on the eastern part of the Tibetan plateau. It runs through the eastern part of Qinghai, turning southward down a deep valley at the border of Sichuan and Tibet to reach Yunnan. In the course of this valley, the river's elevation drops from above 5000 m to less than 1000 m. Image File history File linksMetadata YangtzeCruise. ... Image File history File linksMetadata YangtzeCruise. ... The Three Gorges (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: [ ]) region is a scenic area along the Yangtze River in the Peoples Republic of China with a total length of approximately 200 km. ... Tanggula Mountains (also called Dangla Mountains) are a mountain range in southwestern China in an area known as the Tibet Autonomous Region. ... Tibet Autonomous Region, Qinghai Province and Sichuan Province of China lie on the Tibetan Plateau. ... Qinghai (Chinese: 青海; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ching-hai; Postal System Pinyin: Tsinghai; Tibetan: མཚོ་སྔོན་ mtsho-sngon; Mongolian: Köke Naγur; Manchu: Huhu Noor) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, named after the enormous Qinghai Lake. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... Tibet (see Name section below for other spellings) is a plateau region in Central Asia and the indigenous home to the Tibetan people. ... Yunan redirects here. ...


It enters the basin of Sichuan at Yibin. While in the Sichuan basin it receives several mighty tributaries, increasing its water volume significantly. It then cuts through Mount Wushan bordering Chongqing and Hubei to create the famous Three Gorges. Eastward of the Three Gorges, Yichang is the first city on the Yangtze Plain. Yibin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: YíbÄ«n; Wade-Giles: I-pin) is a prefecture-level city in south central China, in southern Sichuan Province, located at the junction of the Min and Yangtze Rivers. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hu-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hupeh) is a central province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Three Gorges (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: [ ]) region is a scenic area along the Yangtze River in the Peoples Republic of China with a total length of approximately 200 km. ... Yichang (Chinese: 宜昌; pinyin: Yíchāng) is a city in the Hubei province of China. ...


After entering Hubei, the Yangtze receives more water from thousands of lakes. The largest of these lakes is Dongting Lake, which is located on the border of Hunan and Hubei provinces, and is the outlet for most of the rivers in Hunan. At Wuhan it receives its biggest tributary, the Han River, bringing water from its northern basin as far as Shaanxi. Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hu-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hupeh) is a central province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Dongting Lake or Lake Dongting (also Dong Lake, 洞庭湖; Pinyin: Dòngtíng hú; Wade-Giles: Tung-ting Hu) is a large, shallow lake in northeastern Hunan Province of China. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a province of China, located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, meaning south of the lake). Hunan is sometimes called 湘 (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the province. ... For the brand of cymbal, see Wuhan cymbals. ... The Han River (漢江; pinyin: Han Jiang) in China, was often referred to as Hanshui (漢水) in antiquity. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ShÇŽnxÄ«; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal map spelling: Shensi) is a north-central province of the Peoples Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains across the...


At the northern tip of Jiangxi, Lake Boyang, the biggest lake in China, merges into the river. The river then runs through Anhui and Jiangsu provinces, receiving more water from innumerable smaller lakes and rivers, and finally reaches the East China Sea at Shanghai. Lake Boyang is a lake located in Jiangxi Province, China. ... Anhui (Chinese: 安徽; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: An-hui; Postal System Pinyin: Ngan-hui, Anhwei or An-hwei) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jiangsu (Simplified Chinese: 江苏; Traditional Chinese: 江蘇; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-su; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsu) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country. ... Shanghai (Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; Wu (Long-short): ZÃ¥nhae; Shanghainese (IPA): ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta in East China, is the largest city of the Peoples Republic of China and the seventh largest in the world. ...


Four of China's five main freshwater lakes contribute their waters to the Yangtze River. Traditionally, the upstream part of the Yangtze River refers to the section from Yibin to Yichang; the middle part refers to the section from Yichang to Hukou, where Boyang Lake meets the river; the downstream part is from Hukou to Shanghai...i dont think so A hùkǒu (Chinese: ) or hùjí (Chinese: ) refers to residency permits (household registration) issued in mainland China (by the Peoples Republic of China) and Taiwan (by the Republic of China). ...


Environment

Ships on the Yangtze at dawn with bridge in the distance (near Nantong).
Ships on the Yangtze at dawn with bridge in the distance (near Nantong).

In 2007 fears were expressed that China's Finless Porpoise, known locally as the jiangzhu or "river pig", might follow the baiji, the Yangtze river dolphin, into extinction. The baiji was declared functionally extinct in 2006. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Binomial name Neophocaena phocaeniodes (G. Cuvier, 1829) Finless Porpoise range The Finless Porpoise (Neophocaena phocaeniodes) is one of six porpoise species. ... For other uses, see Baiji (disambiguation). ...


Calls have been made for action to be taken to save the porpoise, of which there are about 1400 left living, with between 700 and 900 in the Yangtze, with about another 500 in Poyang and Dongting Lakes. Lake Poyang on the map of China Lake Poyang (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), located in Jiangxi Province is the largest freshwater lake in China[1]. It has a surface area of 3,585 km² and a volume of 25 km³. Its average depth is 8 meters. ... // Dongting Lake or Lake Dongting (also Dong Lake, 洞庭湖; Pinyin: Dòngtíng hú; Wade-Giles: Tung-ting Hu) is a large, shallow lake in northeastern Hunan Province of China. ...


2007 population levels are less than half the 1997 levels, and the population is dropping at a rate of 7.3 per cent per year.


Heavy river traffic on the Yangtze has driven the porpoise into the lakes. On Poyang Lake, the largest freshwater lake in China, sand dredging has become a mainstay of local economic development in the last few years, and is an important source of revenue in the region that border it. But at the same time, high-density dredging projects have been the principal cause of the death of the local wildlife population.


Dredging makes the waters of the lake muddier, and the porpoises cannot see as far as they once could, and have to rely on their highly-developed sonar systems to avoid obstacles and look for food. Large ships enter and leave the lake at the rate of two a minute and such a high density of shipping means the porpoises have difficulty hearing their food, and also cannot swim freely from one bank to the other. [2] About 30 % of river's major tributaries like Minjiang, Tuojiang, Xiangjiang and Huangpu are heavily polluted by massive quantities of ammonia, nitrogen, phosphorous and other pollutants which are causing significantly smaller fish catch. [3]


The completion of the Three Gorges Dam is expected to have a major impact on the Yangtze River basin. Relative position of the Three Gorges Dam . ...


Characteristics

Tombs on a hill facing the Yangtze as it flows by
Tombs on a hill facing the Yangtze as it flows by
South-bound ferry near Nantong
South-bound ferry near Nantong

The Yangtze flows into the East China Sea and was navigable by ocean-going vessels up to a thousand miles from its mouth even before the Three Gorges Dam was built. As of June 2003, this dam spans the river, flooding Fengjie, the first of a number of towns affected by the massive flood control and power generation project. This is the largest comprehensive irrigation project in the world, and has a significant impact on the China's agriculture. Its proponents argue that it will free people living along the river from floods that have repeatedly threatened them in the past, and will offer them electricity and water transport -- though at the expense of permanently flooding many existing towns (including numerous ancient cultural relics) and causing large-scale changes in the local ecology. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 123 KB)Photo of shrines on top of hillside on the banks of the Yangzi River. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 123 KB)Photo of shrines on top of hillside on the banks of the Yangzi River. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The East China Sea is a marginal sea and part of the Pacific Ocean. ... Relative position of the Three Gorges Dam . ... andy yeh gay . ... Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil. ... Agriculture is the most important economic sector of China, employing over 300 million farmers- nearly half of its work force. ... Lightning strikes during a night-time thunderstorm. ... Ship Transport is the process of moving people, goods, etc. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Opponents of the dam point out that there are three different kinds of floods on the Yangtze River: floods which originate in the upper reaches, floods which originate in the lower reaches, and floods along the entire length of the river. They argue that the Three Gorges dam will actually make flooding in the upper reaches worse and have little or no impact on floods which originate in the lower reaches. Twelve hundred years of low water marks on the river were recorded in the inscriptions and the carvings of carp at Baiheliang, now submerged. Baiheliang (literally White Crane Ridge) is a rock outcropping in Fuling District, Chongqing, Peoples Republic of China, that parallels the flow of the Yangtze. ...


The Yangtze is flanked with metallurgical, power, chemical, auto, building materials and machinery industrial belts, and high-tech development zones. It is playing an increasingly crucial role in the river valley's economic growth and has become a vital link for international shipping to the inland provinces. The river is a major transportation artery for China, connecting the interior with the coast. The river used as a waterway for commerce offer now the possibility to cruise at leisure. Since 2004 a european luxury cruising company has brought very high standard and with the help of Swiss hotelier Nicolas C. Solari developped and opened three beautiful vessels now cruising the mighty river. The river is one of the world's busiest waterways. Traffic includes commercial traffic transporting bulk goods such as coal as well as manufactured goods and passengers. Cargo transportation reached 795 million tons in 2005 [1] [2]. River cruises several days long especially through the beautiful and scenic Three Gorges area are becoming popular as the tourism industry grows in China. The Three Gorges (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: [ ]) region is a scenic area along the Yangtze River in the Peoples Republic of China with a total length of approximately 200 km. ...


Flooding along the river has been a major problem. The rainy season in China is May and June in areas south of Yangtze River, and July and August in areas north of it. The huge river system receives water both from southern and northern flanks, which causes its flood season to extend from May to August. Meanwhile, the relatively dense population and rich cities along the river make the floods more deadly and costly. The most recent major floods were the 1998 Yangtze River Floods, but more disastrous were the 1954 Yangtze river floods, killing around 30,000 people. Other severe floods included those of 1911 which killed around 100,000, 1931 (145,000 dead), and 1935 (142,000 dead). China has seen frequent flood disasters, and many are recorded in history. ... From June to September of 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. ...


The Yangtze is very polluted, especially in Hubei (Shashi). Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hu-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hupeh) is a central province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Shashi Tharoor is a bureaucrat in the United Nations and an author. ...


History

Afternoon light on the jagged grey mountains rising from the Yangtze River gorge
Afternoon light on the jagged grey mountains rising from the Yangtze River gorge

The Yangtze river is important to the cultural origins of southern China. Human activity was found in the Three Gorges area as far back as 7 thousand years ago, initiating debate over the origin of the Chinese people.[3] In the Spring and Autumn Period, Ba and Shu were located in the western part of the river, covering modern Sichuan, Chongqing, and western Hubei; Chu was located in the central part of river, corresponding to Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, and southern Anhui. Wu and Yue were located in the eastern part of the river, now Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Shanghai. Although the Yellow River region was richer and more developed at that time, the milder climate and more peaceful environment made the Yangtze river area more suitable for agriculture. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1350, 392 KB) Description: Afternoon light on the jagged grey mountains rising from the Yangzi River gorge, in south-western Chinas Yunnan Province File links The following pages link to this file: Yangtze River ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1350, 392 KB) Description: Afternoon light on the jagged grey mountains rising from the Yangzi River gorge, in south-western Chinas Yunnan Province File links The following pages link to this file: Yangtze River ... The Spring and Autumn Period (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) was a period in Chinese history, which roughly corresponds to the first half of the Eastern Zhou dynasty (from the second half of the 8th century BC to the first half of the 5th century). ... Ba (å·´) was an ancient state in eastern Sichuan, China. ... Shu (蜀) was an ancient state in Sichuan, China. ... State of Chu (small seal script, 220 BC) Chu (楚) was a kingdom in what is now southern China during the Spring and Autumn period (722-481 BCE) and Warring States Period (481-212 BCE). ... Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hu-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hupeh) is a central province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a province of China, located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, meaning south of the lake). Hunan is sometimes called 湘 (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the province. ... Jiangxi (Chinese: 江西; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsi) is a southern province of the Peoples Republic of China, spanning from the banks of the Yangtze River in the north into hillier areas in the south. ... Anhui (Chinese: 安徽; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: An-hui; Postal System Pinyin: Ngan-hui, Anhwei or An-hwei) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This article is about the Spring and Autumn state. ... Yue was a state in China which existed during the Spring and Autumn Period. ... Jiangsu (Simplified Chinese: 江苏; Traditional Chinese: 江蘇; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-su; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsu) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country. ... Zhejiang (also spelled Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Shanghai (Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; Wu (Long-short): ZÃ¥nhae; Shanghainese (IPA): ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta in East China, is the largest city of the Peoples Republic of China and the seventh largest in the world. ... Yellow River (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: Huáng Hé ; Wade-Giles: Hwang-ho, sometimes simply called the River in ancient Chinese) is the second longest river in China (after the Yangtze River) and the seventh longest in the world, at 3,395 miles long [1]. Originating in the...


From the Han Dynasty, the region of the Yangtze river became more and more important in China's economy. The establishment of irrigation systems (the most famous one is Dujiangyan, northwest of Chengdu, built during the Warring States period) made agriculture very stable and productive. Early in the Qing dynasty, the region called "Jiangnan" (that includes the southern part of Jiangsu, the northern part of Zhejiang, and the southeastern part of Anhui) provided 1/3-1/2 of the nation's revenues. Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (202 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–190 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 - 24  - Abdication to Cao Wei 220... Categories: World Heritage Sites in China | Stub ... Alternative meaning: Warring States Period (Japan) The Warring States Period (traditional Chinese: 戰國時代, simplified Chinese: 战国时代 pinyin Zhànguó Shídài) takes place from sometime in the 5th century BC to the unification of China by Qin in 221 BC. It is nominally... Village in Jiangnan Jiangnan or Jiang Nan (Chinese: ; Pinyin: Jiāngnán; Wade-Giles: Chiang nan; sometimes spelled Kiang-nan) is a geographic area referring to lands immediately to the south of the lowest reaches of the Yangtze River, including the southern part of the Yangtze Delta. ... Jiangsu (Simplified Chinese: 江苏; Traditional Chinese: 江蘇; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-su; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsu) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country. ... Zhejiang (also spelled Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Anhui (Chinese: 安徽; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: An-hui; Postal System Pinyin: Ngan-hui, Anhwei or An-hwei) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Historically, the Yangtze became the political boundary between north China and south China several times (see History of China) because of the difficulty of crossing the river. Many battles took place along the river, the most famous being the Battle of Red Cliffs in 208 AD during the Three Kingdoms period. The history of China is told in traditional historical records that go back to the Three sovereigns and five emperors about 5,000 years ago, supplemented by archaeological records dating to the 16th century BC. China is one of the worlds oldest continuous civilizations. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Three Kingdoms period (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a period in the history of China, part of an era of disunity called the Six Dynasties. ...


Politically, Nanjing was the capital of China several times, although most of the time its territory only covered the southeastern part of China, such as the Wu kingdom in the Three Kingdoms period, the Eastern Jin Dynasty, and smaller countries in the Northern and Southern Dynasties and Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms periods. Only the Ming occupied most parts of China from their capital at Nanjing, though it later moved capital to Beijing. The ROC capital was located in Nanjing in the periods 1911-1912, 1927-1937, 1945-1949. “Nanking” redirects here. ... The Kingdom of Wu (Chinese: 吳, pinyin: wú) refers to a historical nation and several states in a region of China. ... The Jin Dynasty (晉 pinyin jìn, 265-420) followed the Three Kingdoms and preceded the Southern and Northern Dynasties in China. ... This article is about China. ... Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (Traditional Chinese: 五代十國 Simplified Chinese: 五代十国 Hanyu pinyin: Wǔdàishíguó) (907-960) was a period of political upheaval in China, between the Tang Dynasty and Song Dynasty. ... Ming China under the Yongle Emperor Capital Nanjing (1368-1421) Beijing (1421-1644) Language(s) Chinese Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1368-1398 Hongwu Emperor  - 1627-1644 Chongzhen Emperor History  - Established in Nanjing January 23, 1368  - Fall of Beijing 1644  - End of the Southern Ming April, 1662 Population  - 1393 est. ... “Nanking” redirects here. ... Beijing (Chinese: 北京; pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng; IPA: ;  ), a metropolis in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... ROC, Roc, roc, R.O.C, The R.O.C. or R.o. ... “Nanking” redirects here. ...


Major cities along the river

Cities along the Yangtze, between Wuhan and Shanghai
Cities along the Yangtze, between Wuhan and Shanghai
A loading point for coal barges on the Yangtze River
A loading point for coal barges on the Yangtze River

Download high resolution version (1440x660, 180 KB)This is modified version of Image:Lower yangtze 2. ... Download high resolution version (1440x660, 180 KB)This is modified version of Image:Lower yangtze 2. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 87 KB)Coal barge loading point on the Yangzi River. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 87 KB)Coal barge loading point on the Yangzi River. ... Panzhihua (Chinese: 攀枝花; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Pan-chih-hua) is a prefecture-level city and in the Sichuan Province, in south central China. ... Yibin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: YíbÄ«n; Wade-Giles: I-pin) is a prefecture-level city in south central China, in southern Sichuan Province, located at the junction of the Min and Yangtze Rivers. ... Luzhou (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Lu-chou), most well-known for its Alcohol Beverages, is a prefecture-level city in Sichuan Province, Peoples Republic of China, with an urban population of 394,400 (2005). ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... Yichang (Chinese: 宜昌; pinyin: Yíchāng) is a city in the Hubei province of China. ... Jingzhou (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: JÄ«ngzhōu) is a city in the Hubei province of the Peoples Republic of China, on the banks of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang). ... Shashi Tharoor is a bureaucrat in the United Nations and an author. ... Shishou (石首市)is a city with more than 100 000 inhabitants in Jingzhou prefecture of Hubei province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Yueyang (Simplified: 岳阳; Traditional: 岳陽; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Yüeh-yang; Postal System Pinyin: Yochow) is a prefecture-level city in the Hunan province of China, on the shores of Dongting Lake. ... Xianning (simplified Chinese: 咸宁; pinyin: Xianning) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Hubei province. ... For the brand of cymbal, see Wuhan cymbals. ... Ezhou (simplified Chinese: é„‚å·ž; pinyin: Èzhōu) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Hubei province. ... Huangshi (simplified Chinese: 黄石; pinyin: Huangshi) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Hubei province. ... Huanggang City (黃冈) is a major municipality (known as a Prefecture until 1995) in eastern Hubei Province, China. ... Chaohu (巢湖) is a city with several 100,000 inhabitants in Chaohu prefecture in Anhui province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Chizhou (Simplified Chinese: æ± å·ž; Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in Anhui province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Jiujiang (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city located on the southern shores of the Yangtze River (Changjiang) in northwest Jiangxi Province, China. ... Anqing (Simplified Chinese: 安庆; Pinyin: is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Anhui province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Cities on the Yangtze, between Wuhan and Shanghair Tongling (Simplified Chinese: 铜陵; Traditional Chinese: 銅陵; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Tung2-ling2) is a city in Anhui province of China. ... The business district of Wuhu seen at night from across the Mirror Lake. ... Hefei (Chinese: 合肥; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hofei) is a prefecture-level city and the provincial capital of Anhui province, China. ... Chuzhou (滁州) is a city with more 228,000 inhabitants (2004) Chuzhou prefecture in the East of Anhui province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Maanshan (Simplified Chinese: 马鞍山; Traditional Chinese: 馬鞍山; pinyin: Mǎānshān) is an industrial city on the Yangtze river in Anhui province, about 50 km southwest of Nanjing. ... For the prefecture-level city in Zhejiang province, see Taizhou, Zhejiang. ... Yangzhou (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; former spellings: Yang-chou, Yangchow; literally Rising Prefecture) is a prefecture-level city in central Jiangsu province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Zhenjiang (Simplified Chinese: 镇江; Traditional Chinese: 鎮江; pinyin: Zhènjiāng; Wade-Giles: Chen-chiang) is a prefecture-level city in the southwestern Jiangsu province, Peoples Republic of China. ... “Nanking” redirects here. ... Nantong (Chinese: 南通; Hanyu Pinyin: ; former names: Nan-tung, Nantung, Tungzhou, or Tungchow) is a prefecture-level city in Jiangsu province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Shanghai (Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; Wu (Long-short): ZÃ¥nhae; Shanghainese (IPA): ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta in East China, is the largest city of the Peoples Republic of China and the seventh largest in the world. ...

Tributaries

A shipyard on the banks of the Yangtze building commercial river freight boats

The Yangtze River has over 700 tributaries but the principal tributaries are the following: Download high resolution version (1024x768, 79 KB)A shipyard on the banks of the Yangzi River building river barges. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 79 KB)A shipyard on the banks of the Yangzi River building river barges. ...

The Yalong River (also called Ya-lung River) is a 822 miles (1,323 kilometers) long river in the Sichuan province of southern China. ... Minjiang, when written without tone marks, is the name of either of two rivers in China, each with its own Chinese character and pinyin pronounciation: Minjiang River (Sichuan), written 岷江 and pronounced Mínjiāng; Minjiang River (Fujian), written 闽江 and pronounced Mǐnjiāng. ... The Jialing River (Simplified Chinese: 嘉陵江; Traditional Chinese: 嘉陵江; pinyin: jÄ«alíngjiāng; Wade-Giles: chia-ling-chiang) is a tributary of the Yangtze River with its source in Gansu province. ... The Qingjiang is a tributary to the Yangtze River. ... The Xiang River (also as Xiangjiang River, Chinese:湘江 or 湘水, pinyin: Xiāng Jiāng, Xiāng Shǔi; Wade-Giles: hsiāng chiāng or hsiāng shuǐ), in older transliterations as the Siang River or Hsiang River... Lishui River (also known as Li River, Chinese language: 澧水,pinyin: lǐ-shǔi) is a river in Hunan province of China, one of the Yangtze rivers four largest tributaries in the province. ... The Zi Jiang (also Zishui River or Zi River; S.Chinese: 资江 or 资水; T.Chinese: 資江 or 資水; pinyin: zī jiāng; Wade-Giles: Tzu¹-chiang¹) is one of the four largest rivers in Hunan province of China, also one of the main... The Zi Jiang (also Zishui River or Zi River; S.Chinese: 资江 or 资水; T.Chinese: 資江 or 資水; pinyin: zī jiāng; Wade-Giles: Tzu¹-chiang¹) is one of the four largest rivers in Hunan province of China, also one of the main... The Yüan River or Yuanjiang (沅江 or æ²…æ°´) is one of the four largest rivers in Hunan province in southeast-central China, and is a tributary of Yangtze River. ... The Yüan River or Yuanjiang (沅江 or æ²…æ°´) is one of the four largest rivers in Hunan province in southeast-central China, and is a tributary of Yangtze River. ... The Han River (漢江; pinyin: Han Jiang) in China, was often referred to as Hanshui (漢水) in antiquity. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Gan River. ... Huangpu river (黃浦江) is a 97km long river in China flowing through Shanghai. ...

Miscellaneous

Binomial name Alligator sinensis Fauvel, 1879 The Chinese Alligator (Alligator sinensis) is one of two living species of Alligator, a genus within the family Alligatoridae. ... Binomial name Psephurus gladius (Martens, 1862) The Chinese Paddlefish (Simplified Chinese: 白鲟; Traditional Chinese: 白鱘; pinyin: ), also known as Chinese Swordfish, is among the largest freshwater fish, and one of two extant paddlefish species. ... Look up December in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Binomial name Lipotes vexillifer Miller, 1918 Natural range of Lipotes vexillifer The Chinese River Dolphin (Lipotes vexillifer) was a freshwater dolphin found only in the Yangtze River in China. ... Cheung Kong Holdings Limited SEHK: 0001 is the flagship of the Cheung Kong Group, headquartered in Hong Kong, and one of Hong Kongs leading multi-national conglomerates. ... Cantonese is a major dialect group or language of the Chinese language, a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ... A holding company is a company that owns part, all, or a majority of other companies outstanding stock. ... Li Ka Shing (李嘉誠 pinyin: Lǐ Jiāch ng, Jyutping: Lei5 Gaa1-sing4), is the wealthiest person in Hong Kong and East Asia. ... A business magnate, sometimes referred to as a mogul, tycoon, or industrialist is a person who controls a large portion of a particular industry and whose wealth derives primarily from this control. ... Martin Strel is a Slovenian ultra marathon swimmer, born: October 1, 1954, Mokronog, Slovenia. ... Terraces part way up the sides of the Tiger Leaping Gorge View of the gorge from the high path, showing Jade Dragon Snow Mountain on the left, and Haba Xueshan on the right. ... Shanghai (Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; Wu (Long-short): ZÃ¥nhae; Shanghainese (IPA): ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta in East China, is the largest city of the Peoples Republic of China and the seventh largest in the world. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Chang Jiang

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Yangtze River Delta The Yangtze River Delta (Chinese 长江三角洲/長江三角洲 chángjiāng sānjiǎozhōu) or Yangtze Delta, generally comprises the triangular-shaped territory of Shanghai, southern Jiangsu province and northern Zhejiang province. ... This is a list of rivers which are at least partially located in China and their termini: Amur (Heilongjiang) (黑龙江)- Sea of Japan Songhua River (松花江) Brahmaputra - Bay of Bengal (joins the Ganges) Yangtze (Chang Jiang) (长江) - East China Sea Jialing (嘉陵江) Bailong (白龙江) Baishui (白水) Qujiang (渠江) Fujiang (涪 江) Min (Sichuan) (岷江) Wu (乌江) Gan (赣江) Zhang (章江) Gongshui (貢水) Mian Xiang... China has seen frequent flood disasters, and many are recorded in history. ... Relative position of the Three Gorges Dam . ... NASA composite satellite photo The geography of China stretches some 5,026 kilometers across the East Asian landmass bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam in a changing configuration of broad plains, expansive deserts, and lofty mountain ranges, including... Front and reverse of Yangtze Service Medal The Yangtze Service Medal is a decoration of the United States military which was created in 1930 for presentation to members of the U.S. Navy and United States Marine. ... A Dragon boat (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a very long and narrow human powered boat used in the team paddling sport or Dragon boat racing which originated in China. ... The government of China has built or is building several new ship lifts Ship lifts, also called boat lifts or lift locks, are an alternative to canal locks. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Terraces part way up the sides of the Tiger Leaping Gorge View of the gorge from the high path, showing Jade Dragon Snow Mountain on the left, and Haba Xueshan on the right. ... The Yangtze River Crossing may refer to one of three overhead power lines crossing the Yangtze River, China. ... The South-North Water Transfer Project (Chinese:南水北调工程) is a proposed scheme by the Peoples Republic of China to divert water from the Yangtze River to the Yellow River. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... HMS Amethyst HMS Amethyst (U16) was a Modified Black Swan-class sloop of the Royal Navy. ... For other uses, see Baiji (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Neophocaena phocaeniodes (G. Cuvier, 1829) Finless Porpoise range The Finless Porpoise (Neophocaena phocaeniodes) is one of six porpoise species. ...

References

  1. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica: Yangtze River http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9110538/Yangtze-River
  2. ^ http://www.chinadialogue.net/article/show/single/en/839-Poyang-Lake-saving-the-finless-porpoise www.chinadialogue.net - Poyang Lake saving the finless porpoise
  3. ^ http://ecologicalproblems.blogspot.com/2007/07/heavy-pollution-of-river-yangtze.html

Further reading

  • Van Slyke, Lyman P. 1988. Yangtze: nature, history, and the river. A Portable Stanford Book. ISBN 0-201-08894-0
  • Winchester, Simon. 1996. The River at the Center of the World:A Journey up the Yangtze & Back in Chinese Time, Holt, Henry & Company, 1996, hardcover, ISBN 0-8050-3888-4; trade paperback, Owl Publishing, 1997, ISBN 0-8050-5508-8; trade paperback, St. Martins, 2004, 432 pages, ISBN 0-312-42337-3

Coordinates: 33°28′05″N 91°11′45″E / 33.46806, 91.19583 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Yangtze River Cruise, Yangtze Cruise, Three Gorges, Yangtze River China Dam (715 words)
BT-07-yr02 : Chongqing - Yangtze River Cruise - Shanghai
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Yangtze River - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1659 words)
The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world after the Nile in Africa and the Amazon in South America.
The river originates in a glacier in the Dangla mountains on the eastern part of the Tibetan plateau.
Traditionally, the upstream part of the Yangtze River refers to the section from Yibin to Yichang; the middle part refers to the section from Yichang to Hukou, where Boyang Lake meets the river; the downstream part is from Hukou to Shanghai.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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