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Encyclopedia > Yangon
Yangon
Downtown Yangon, facing Sule Pagoda and Hlaing River
Downtown Yangon, facing Sule Pagoda and Hlaing River
Yangon (Myanmar)
Yangon
Location of Yangon, Burma (Rangoon)
Coordinates: 16°48′N 96°09′E / 16.8, 96.15
Country Burma (Myanmar)
Admin. division Yangon Division
Government
 - Mayor Brigadier General Aung Thein Lynn
Area
 - City  400 sq mi (1,036 km²)
 - Urban 222.4 sq mi (576 km²)
Population (2005)[1]
 - City 4,107,000
 - Ethnicities Bamar, Anglo-Burmese, Burmese Chinese, Burmese Indians, Kayin
 - Religions Buddhism, Christianity, Islam
Website: www.yangoncity.com.mm

Yangon (also known as Rangoon) is the largest city of Burma. The city is located at the convergence of the Yangon and Bago Rivers about 19 miles (30 km) away from the Gulf of Martaban. At 16°48' North, 96°09' East (16.8, 96.15), its standard time zone is UTC/GMT +6:30 hours. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3885x1917, 1510 KB) Description en: Yangon, South Author: Ralf-André Lettau Date: 15 Nov. ... Image File history File links Myanmar-outline-map. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Bamar (Burmese: ; MLCTS: ; IPA: , also called Burman), are the dominant ethnic group of Myanmar, constituting approximately 68% (30,000,000) of the population. ... The Anglo-Burmese, also known as the Anglo-Burmans, are a community of Eurasians of Burmese and European descent, and emerged as a distinct community through mixed relations (sometimes permanent, sometimes temporary) between the British and other European settlers and the local Burmese ethnic groups from 1826 until 1948 when... The Burmese Chinese (Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: MiÇŽndiàn huárén; Burmese: ; MLCTS: ) are a group of overseas Chinese born or raised in Myanmar (formerly Burma). ... Shri Kali Temple in Yangon The Burmese Indians (Burmese: ; MLCTS: ) are a group of overseas Indians from Myanmar (formerly Burma). ... The Karen (Burmese: ; MLCTS: ) called by Burman , also known in Thailand as the Kariang (Thai: ) or Yang. ... Image:Buddhasunset crop. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... The Andaman Sea is a body of water to the southeast of the Bay of Bengal, south of Myanmar and west of Thailand; it is part of the Indian Ocean. ...


Yangon is a combination of the two words yan (ရန္) and koun (ကုန္), which mean "enemies" and "run out of" respectively. It is also translated as "End of Strife". "Rangoon" most likely comes from the British imitation of the pronunciation of "Yangon" in the Rakhine dialect of Burmese. The Union of Myanmar, also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia. ...


Yangon is relatively undeveloped compared to other major cities in Southeast Asia. Yangon has the largest number of colonial buildings in Southeast Asia today.[2] In the past two decades, mostly through the influx of foreign investment from Asian countries, many high-rise residential and commercial buildings have been constructed or remodeled throughout downtown and Greater Yangon. However, most satellite towns that ring the city continue to be impoverished. Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...


Yangon is no longer the administrative capital. (The military junta has officially relocated the capital to Naypyidaw since March 2006.) [3] However, Yangon continues to be the largest city and the most important commercial center in the country. The State Peace and Development Council (Burmese: ; IPA: ; abbreviated SPDC) is the official name of the military regime of Myanmar (formerly known as Burma). ... Naypyidaw (also spelt Nay Pyi Taw, literally Royal City) is currently the national capital of Myanmar, located in Kyatpyae Village, Pyinmana Township of Mandalay Division. ... March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Yangon is a member of Asian Network of Major Cities 21. Asian Network of Major Cities 21 is a body representing the interests of several of Asias largest capital cities around common themes of importance, including urban planning, sustainability and crisis management. ...

Contents

History

Early History

Yangon was founded as Dagon in the 6th century AD by the Mon, who dominated the present day Lower Burma at that time. Dagon was a small fishing village centered about the Shwedagon Pagoda. In 1755, King Alaungpaya conquered Dagon, and renamed it "Yangon". The British captured Yangon during the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824-1826) but returned it to Burmese administration after the war. The city was destroyed by a fire in 1841. (5th century — 6th century — 7th century — other centuries) Events The first academy of the east the Academy of Gundeshapur founded in Persia by the Persian Shah Khosrau I. Irish colonists and invaders, the Scots, began migrating to Caledonia (later known as Scotland) Glendalough monastery, Wicklow Ireland founded... The Mon (Burmese: ) are an ethnic group in Southeast Asia. ... Shwedagon Paya The Shwedagon Paya is a 98 meter gilded stupa located in Yangon, Myanmar. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Alaungpaya 1711-15 May 1760 was a Burmese king who established the Konbaung Dynasty (Heavens platform) in the early 18th century. ... The First Anglo-Burmese War lasted from 1823 to 1826. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Colonial Rangoon (1852-1948)

The British Empire seized Yangon and all of Lower Burma in the Second Anglo-Burmese War of 1852, and subsequently transformed Yangon into the commercial and political hub of British Burma. Based on the design by army engineer Lt. Fraser, the British constructed a new city on a grid plan on delta land, bounded to the east by the Pazundaung Creek and to the south and west by the Yangon River. By the 1890s Yangon's increasing population and commerce gave birth to prosperous residential suburbs to the north of Royal Lake (Kandawgyi) and Inya Lake. [4] The British also established hospitals including Rangoon General Hospital and colleges including Rangoon University. Burma is divided into 7 states and 7 divisions: Categories: Myanmar | Subdivisions of Myanmar | States of Myanmar | Divisions of Myanmar ... The Second Anglo-Burmese War took place in 1852. ... Yangon General Hospital Yangon General Hospital (Burmese: ; formerly known as the Rangoon General Hospital), built in 1911 is a major hospital located in Yangon. ... Yangon University (Burmese: ) is a university located in Kamayut Township, Yangon, Myanmar. ...


Colonial Yangon, with its spacious parks and lakes and mix of modern buildings and traditional wooden architecture, was known as "the garden city of the East." [5] By the early 20th century, Yangon had public services and infrastructure on par with London.[6]


Before World War II, almost half of Yangon's population was Indian or South Asian.[7] Map of South Asia South Asia is a subregion of Asia comprising the modern states of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, . It covers about 4,480,000 km², or 10 percent of the continent, and is also known as the Indian subcontinent. ...


Yangon incurred heavy damage during World War II. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

A view from the Custom House on Dalhousie Street (now Maha Bandula Garden Street) showing the extent of the damage during World War II.
A view from the Custom House on Dalhousie Street (now Maha Bandula Garden Street) showing the extent of the damage during World War II.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (937x712, 392 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Yangon Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (937x712, 392 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Yangon Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create...

Contemporary Yangon (1948-present)

Soon after Burma's independence in 1948, many colonial names of streets and parks were changed to more nationalistic Burmese names. In 1989, the current military junta changed the city's English name to "Yangon", along with many other changes in English transliteration of Burmese names. (The changes have not been accepted by many Burmese who consider the junta unfit to make such changes.) Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The State Peace and Development Council (Burmese: ; IPA: ; abbreviated SPDC) is the official name of the military regime of Myanmar (formerly known as Burma). ...


Since independence, Yangon has expanded outwards. Successive governments have built satellite towns such as Thuwana and Okkalapa in the 1950s to Dagon Myothit (New Dagon) in the 1990s. Today, Greater Yangon encompasses an area covering nearly 400 square miles (1000 sqkm).


During Gen. Ne Win's isolationist rule (1962-1988), Yangon's infrastructure never kept up with its increasing population, and deteriorated severely. In the 1990s, the current military junta's relatively more open market economy saw an influx of investment. Many colonial-period buildings were demolished to make way for high-rise hotels, office buildings, and shopping malls. (In 1996, to protect some colonial buildings under government jurisdiction, the Burmese government devised a "Heritage List".) Some inner city residents were relocated to new satellite towns. Major road-and bridge-building programs were undertaken, including construction of a bridge across the river to Thanlyin and its industrial hinterland. [8] Still, much of Yangon remains without 24-hour electricity and regular rubbish collection. This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... The State Peace and Development Council (Burmese: ; IPA: ; abbreviated SPDC) is the official name of the military regime of Myanmar (formerly known as Burma). ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Thanlyin, formerly Syriam, is a city in Yangon Division in Myanmar (Burma). ...


Yangon has become much more indigenous Burmese in its ethnic makeup since independence. After independence, many South Asians and Anglo-Burmese left. Many more South Asians were forced to leave during the 1960s by Gen. Ne Win's military government. Nevertheless, sizable South Asian and Chinese communities still exist in Yangon. The Anglo-Burmese, also known as the Anglo-Burmans, are a community of Eurasians of Burmese and European descent, and emerged as a distinct community through mixed relations (sometimes permanent, sometimes temporary) between the British and other European settlers and the local Burmese ethnic groups from 1826 until 1948 when... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In November 2005, the military junta designated the newly developed city of Naypyidaw, 200 miles (322 km) north in Mandalay Division as the new administrative capital. The motives for the move remain unclear. At any rate, Yangon remains the largest city, and the most important commercial center of Burma. For other uses, see November (disambiguation). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Naypyidaw (also spelt Nay Pyi Taw, literally Royal City) is currently the national capital of Myanmar, located in Kyatpyae Village, Pyinmana Township of Mandalay Division. ... Mandalay Division is an administrative division of Myanmar. ...


Notables

  • Yangon was the site of the Sixth Buddhist Synod in 1954. It was the site of the World Buddhist Summit in December 2004, where over 1,000 monks and world leaders.
  • As of 2006, residents in certain townships of Yangon are required to hang family photographs (of members inhabiting a home) for "security" reasons.[9] Likewise, residents of Yangon must keep a list of family members.[9] Visitors and guests living in the homes of Yangon residents must register with local authorities prior to moving in.[10]

Look up December in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Administration

Yangon City Hall (YCDC)
Yangon City Hall (YCDC)

Yangon is administered by the Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC). YCDC also coordinates urban planning.[11] The city is divided into four districts. The districts combined have a total of 32 townships. The mayor of Yangon currently is Brigadier General Aung Thein Lynn. Each township is administered by a committee of township leaders, who make decisions regarding city beautification and infrastructure. Myo-thit (lit. "New Towns", or satellite towns) are not within such jurisdictions. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 1537 KB)Yangon City Hall File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 1537 KB)Yangon City Hall File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Urban planning is concerned with the ordering and design of settlements, from the smallest towns to the worlds largest cities. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with satellite city. ...

Districts of Yangon
Districts of Yangon

Image File history File links Yangoncitydistrictsmap. ... Image File history File links Yangoncitydistrictsmap. ...

Western District (Downtown)

  • Ahlone Township --
  • Bahan Township --
  • Dagon Township -- Home for the historic Shwedagon Pagoda; famous for its luxury apartments and houses along Pyay (Prome) Road and U Wisara Road.
  • Kyauktada Township -- Home of many historic buildings, including the City Hall, the High Court, colonial era buildings, the Strand Hotel as well as embassies of the US, the UK, Australia, and India.
  • Kyeemyintdine Township
  • Lanmadaw Township (Burmese: လမ္‌းမတော္‌မ္ရုိ့နယ္‌‌; MLCTS: lam: ma. taw mrui. nai; IPA: [lánmədɔ̀ mjo̰ʊnɛ̀]; population 37,339; abbreviated LMDW) -- Encompassing an area of 0.543 square miles (1.41 km²), Lanmadaw Township shares borders with Latha Township in the east, Ahlone Township in the west, Seikkan Township in the south, and Dagon Township in the north. The township has a large population of ethnic Chinese and contains 17 joss houses (Burmese bon-kyaung). The Ministry of Energy has headquarters in Lanmadaw Township.
Kandawgyi Lake, Yangon
  • Latha Township -- Chinatown of Yangon. Maha Bandula Road starting from Lanmadaw Road to Latha Road is one of the major shopping districts in downtown Yangon, with many street vendors, local shops, and goldsmiths.
  • Pabedan Township -- Center of six major downtown townships, it is the home for many bazaars in Yangon. The famous Bogyoke Aung San Market is located here. Shwedagon Paya Road and Bogyoke Aung San Road are always crowded with shoppers, and merchants during daytime.
  • Sanchaung Township
  • Seikkan Township

This article or section uses Burmese characters which may be rendered incorrectly. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... The Burmese Chinese (Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Miǎndiàn huárén; Burmese: ; MLCTS: ) are a group of overseas Chinese born or raised in Myanmar (formerly Burma). ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 759 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 759 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Karaweik is a famous icon along Kandawgyi Lakes shores. ... Bogyoke Aung San Market (Burmese: ), commonly known as Scotts Market (Burmese: ), is a major bazaar located in downtown Yangon, Myanmar. ...

Eastern District

  • Dagon Seikkan Township
  • East Dagon Township
  • North Dagon Township
  • North Okkalapa Township
  • South Dagon Township
  • South Okkalapa Township
  • Thingangyun Township
  • Botahtaung Township

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 167 KB) Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...

Northern District

  • Hlaing Township
  • Hlaingthaya Township
  • Insein Township
  • Kamayut Township
  • Mayangone Township
  • Mingaladon Township
  • Pazundaung Township
  • Shwepyitha Township

Insein is a city located north of Yangon, in Myanmar. ...

Southern District

  • Dala Township
  • Dawbon Township
  • Mingalataungnyunt Township
  • Thaketa Township
  • Tamwe Township
  • Yankin Township
  • Seikkyi Kanaungto Township

Road Layout

Yangon had been a model city in Southeast Asia. Three kinds of roads were incorporated into the design. Roads running west to east were broad roads Template:Ft to m/1moson wide. Roads running south consisted of two small 30 feet (9.1 m) wide roads, one medium-sized road 50 feet (15 m) wide, two more 35 feet wide roads and then one broad 100 feet (30 m) wide road. This order was repeated from west to east. The smaller roads were numbered, while the medium and broad roads were given names, some for eminent persons of that time. Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...


As laid down, there was the 100 foot wide Lanmadaw Road, followed by 17th and 18th street, which were small roads, then the medium 58 foot road Sint-O-Dan Road, next the smaller 19th and 20th streets, followed by 100 foot wide Latha Road, followed again by the two numbered small roads 21st and 22nd streets.


The roads running parallel west to east were the Strand Road, Merchant Road, Dalhousie Road (Maha Bandoola), Fraser Road, (Anawrahta) and Montgomery Commissioner Road (Bogyoke Aung San).


Climate

Yangon has an equatorial monsoon climate under the Köppen climate classification system. World map showing the equator in red In tourist areas, the equator is often marked on the sides of roads The equator marked as it crosses Ilhéu das Rolas, in São Tomé and Príncipe. ... Bold text[[ // [[Image:Media:Example. ... The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ...

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high °C
(°F)
31
(89)
34
(94)
36
(97)
37
(99)
33
(92)
30
(86)
29
(85)
29
(85)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(89)
31
(88)
32
(90)
Avg low temperature °C
(°F)
18
(65)
19
(67)
21
(71)
24
(76)
25
(78)
25
(77)
24
(76)
24
(76)
24
(76)
25
(77)
22
(73)
19
(67)
22
(73)

Source: Weatherbase

Culture

The vernacular language of Yangon is Burmese. English is widely spoken among the elder generation and educated Burmese.


Yangon is home to the oldest university in Myanmar. A former affiliated college of the University of Calcutta, Yangon University was officially founded as a separate institute of higher learning in 1920. Two of the four Universities of Medicine in Myanmar are located in Yangon. Formally established on the 24 January 1857, the University of Calcutta (also known as Calcutta University) (Bengali: কলকাতা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়), located in the city of Kolkata (previously Calcutta), India, is the first modern university in the Indian subcontinent. ... Yangon University (Burmese: ) is a university located in Kamayut Township, Yangon, Myanmar. ...


Media

Television Stations

The main TV Stations are located in Yangon. There are two local TV channels: TV Myanmar and Myawaddy with programs running from 7 am to 4 am; and from 4 pm to 11 pm. Most hotels also have satellite TV. Myawaddy was started on the 27th March, 1995. The average broadcasting hours is about 8 hours per day when it started. But now there's more, MRTV3, MRTV4 and Channel 5.


MRTV 3 - English programs are telecast for viewers in Myanmar from 9:00 A.M. to 10:00 A.M. The transmission hours for viewers from abroad are from 13:00 P.M. to 14:00 P.M., 18:00 P.M. to 19:00 P.M., and from 02:00 A.M. to 04:00 A.M. It is an English channel for oversea audience. It can be received from 126 countries and is transmitted from Thaicom-3 C Band Global beam. In addition, the Ministry have also broadcast the MRTV3 programs pm the Internet using web based video streaming system via the gateway of Myanma Posts and Telecommunications. It can be accessed on Internet through http://www.mrtv3.net.mm web site.


MRTV 4 - It was launched on (15-5-2004) like a streaming video via satellite. MRTV 4 contains non-formal education programs and other entertainment programs. But for receiving, it can be matched by MMBox (Myanmar Media Box). This transmission contains educational programs from Ministries, Myanmar movies, English movies with Myanmar subtitles, cartoon programs and other entertainment programs. The transmission time is from 7 am to 11pm daily. For more quality and convenience, MRTV 4 will soon be broadcasting with Digital Video Broadcasting Technology (DVBT) terrestrial system.


Channel 5 - Broadcasts movies in different languages such as English, Chinese, Indian etc ... but all the movies are subtitled in Myanmar language. There are great cartoon programs for the children too.


Radio

The Myanmar Radio National Service (576 kHz MW, various SW, and 104 MHz FM) broadcasts English on the following schedule: 8:30 am to 9:00am 1:30 pm to 2:00 pm; and 9:00 pm to 10:30 pm. City FM (89.0 MHz) broadcasts from 08:00 A.M. to 10:00 A.M., and from 13:00 P.M. to 17:00 P.M. daily, starting from January 1, 2002. City FM broadcasts from 7 am in the morning till 9pm in the evening. Myanmar & English songs, Entertainment programs, Live Interviews with Movie Stars are broadcast from this station.


Newspapers and Magazines

Three morning newspapers Myanmar Ah Lin and Kye mon in Myanmar and The New Light of Myanmar in English are published in Yangon and The Yadanabon News in Myanmar is published in Mandalay. Myanmar Times Journal (English Version) is distributed every Monday, and the Myanmar Version is distributed every Friday. Both journals are published in Yangon. The locally published magazines in English; Golden Myanmar, Myanmar Chronicle, and Myanmar Perspective, are available in bookshops. Foreign newspapers such International Herald Tribune, as Singapore Straits Times. and some foreign magazines and periodicals are available at In-wa (Ava) Bookshop, No.232, Sule Pagoda Road. There are also a number of journals and magazines issued weekly and monthly. Magazines have somewhat taken over the new generation and youth of the past few decades are turning to more Westernized publications dealing with issues such as fashion, the superstar life, and glamour.There are large amounts of paparazzi magazines and fashion publications. This article is about the city in Myanmar. ...


There are a variety of ways to enjoy Yangon through the performing arts. There is also a large number of "cafes", or nightclubs in the city. Yangon has several cinema multiplexes Multiplex may mean: Multiplex (comics), a DC Comics character. ...

Yangon National Museum

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Museums and art galleries

A national museum is a museum maintained by a nation. ... General Aung San (Bogyoke Aung San in Burmese) (Burmese: ; MLCTS: ; IPA: ); February 13, 1915 – July 19, 1947) was a Burmese revolutionary, nationalist, general, and politician. ... For the song by Ai Otsuka, see Planetarium (song) // A planetarium is a theatre built primarily for presenting educational and entertaining shows about astronomy and the night sky, or for training in celestial navigation. ...

Concert halls and theatres
Yangon National Theatre
  • National Theatre
  • Myanmar Covention Centre

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Nightlife

Most bigger Hotels in Yangon and elsewhere offer some kind of nightlife entertainment.Some offer native shows with Myanmar dancing and a Myanmar orchestra as background music and maybe some artistic show. Pubs and bars in the big hotels offer just more or less the same as elsewhere in Asia. Other Myanmar nightlife variant are plenty of disco, karaoke and pub - restaurants in certain places like Yangon Chinatown. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Urban lifestyle

Bogyoke Aung San Market

Bogyoke Aung San Market, one of Yangon's oldest shopping places, has also been a tourist hotspot and a hangout for teenagers. Although a major Asian city, the pace of life is somewhat relaxed[citation needed], as the city offers enormous amounts of getaway locations. Many people of the city of Yangon go shopping, hanging out with friends or go to places such as Peoples' Park and Peoples' Square, Kandawgyi Park, Hlawgar Park on weekends. Some people leave the city on weekends to visit beach resorts such as Chaung Tha and Ngwe Saung beaches which are in Ayerwaddy Division. Youths of Yangon tend to stay within the city and use the weekends to relax. Most Yangonites spend their time at the almost ubiquitous tea-shops, which can be found in any corner or street of the city. Religion doesn't play a very influential role in the capital as it does in other cities. A good proportion of the population remains devout and daily offers the monks who walk their neighbourhoods alms. Christians and Muslims live freely[citation needed] throughout the city as there are many churches and mosques in the downtown. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Bogyoke Aung San Market (Burmese: ), commonly known as Scotts Market (Burmese: ), is a major bazaar located in downtown Yangon, Myanmar. ... // Look up square in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Cultural sites

Saint Mary's Cathedral, Yangon at the corner of Bo Aung Kyaw Road
Saint Mary's Cathedral, Yangon at the corner of Bo Aung Kyaw Road
Southern Gate Of Shwe Dagon Pagoda
Interior View of Tooth Relic Pagoda
Interior View of Tooth Relic Pagoda

Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Interior of St Marys Cathedral St. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Shwedagon Paya The Shwedagon Paya (Burmese: ) is a 98 meter gilded stupa located in Yangon, Myanmar. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Bogyoke Aung San Market, commonly known as Scott Market, is a major bazaar located in Yangon, Myanmar. ... Botahtaung Pagoda (Burmese: ; also spelt Botataung; literally 1000 military officers) is a famous pagoda located in downtown Yangon, Yangon Division, Myanmar. ... Inya Lake (formerly known as Victoria Lake) is one of two major lakes in Yangon, Myanmar, the largest lake in Yangon. ... The Karaweik is a famous icon along Kandawgyi Lakes shores. ... Ralph Fitch (died 1611) was a gentleman merchant of London and one of the earliest English travellers and traders to visit Mesopotamia, the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean, India and Southeast Asia. ... Interior of St Marys Cathedral St. ... Shwedagon Paya The Shwedagon Paya is a 98 meter gilded stupa located in Yangon, Myanmar. ... Sule Pagoda is a pagoda located on a roundabout in downtown Yangon, Myanmar. ... Established in 1878 as an affiliate of University of Calcutta, Rangoon College was operated and managed by the British, who colonized Myanmar, formerly Burma. ... Bahadur Shah II (1775-1862) aka Bahadur Shah Zafar (Zafar was his nom de plume, or takhallus, as an Urdu poet) was the last of the Mughal emperors in India. ...

Economy

Yangon is the economic centre of Myanmar. The currency is known as the "Kyat". The majority of imports and exports come through Yangon, mostly through the Yangon River (Hlaing River), which merges with the Ayeyarwady River (also known as the Irrawaddy River, the main river of Myanmar. In 2004, the government authorised Shanghai Jingqiao Export Processing Zone Development Corporation to create plans for Myanmar's largest Special Economic Zone, to be built in Thanlyin Township, adjacent to Thilawa Port. The plans were finished in 2006, and approval is pending.[12] The Ayeyarwady River or Irrawaddy River (Burmese: ; MLCTS: ) is a river that flows through Burma (Myanmar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Education

Universities and Colleges

Yangon University of Medicine 1
Yangon University of Medicine 1
Yangon University of Computer Studies
  • East Yangon University
  • Thingangyun Education College
  • West Yangon University
  • Yangon Institute of Economics
  • Yangon Institute of Education
  • Yangon Institute of Marine Technology
  • Yangon Institute of Nursing
  • Yangon Technological University
  • Yangon University
  • Yangon University of Dental Medicine
  • Yangon University of Computer Studies (UCSY)
  • Yangon University of Culture
  • Yangon University of Distant Education
  • Yangon University of Foreign Languages
  • Yangon University of Medicine 1
  • Yangon University Of Medicine 2
  • Yangon University of Para-Medical Science
  • Yangon University of Pharmacy
  • Yankin Education College

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Yangon Institute of Economics, () is the first institution in Myanmar to offer degrees in Economics and Business studies. ... Yangon Institute of Marine Technology, ( Burmese: ), is an institution offering bachelor of engineering and bachelor of science degrees. ... Yangon Technological University Yangon Technological University or the Yangon Institute of Technology (YIT) is also known as RIT (Rangoon Institute of Technology). ... Yangon University (Burmese: ) is a university located in Kamayut Township, Yangon, Myanmar. ... The University of Computer Studies, Yangon ( ) is a university located in Shwe Pyi Thar, Yangon, Myanmar, which had moved from Hlaing Campus. ... The University of Culture (Yangon), () is newly established university offering bachelor degree in four unit titles. ... The University of Medicine-1, formerly the Institute of Medicine-1, is the oldest of four medical institutions in Myanmar (formerly Burma). ...

Notable High Schools

Public

  • Bahan 2
  • Botataung 6
  • Dagon 1
  • Dagon 2
  • Lanmadaw 1
  • Lanmadaw 2
  • Latha 1
  • Latha 2
  • Sangyoung 2
  • TTC

Dagon-1 also known as Basic Education High School No. ... Dagon (2) High School, Yangon was founded in 1929 when national schools opened across Myanmar during British Empire period. ... TTC Yangon also known as Training College High School, Kamayut, is the best known school among Myanmar Comprehensive Schools. ...

Private

  • Horizon International Education Centre (HIEC)
  • International School, Yangon
  • Yangon International Educare Centre (YIEC)

Health Care

In Yangon, there are several hospitals and clinics. Some of them are under the management of Ministry of Health and the rest are operated privately. Myanmar has many internationally qualified surgeons and physicians in all branches of medical field. There is, however, a wide range of variability in quality, expertise, expenses and services offered. Frequently medical experts from abroad visit Yangon to take care of medical and surgical cases together with Myanmar counterparts. A hospital today is an institution for professional health care provided by physicians and nurses. ... A clinic or outpatient clinic is a small medical facility that provides health care for ambulatory patients - as opposed to inpatients treated in a hospital. ... Surgery Surgery is the medical specialty that treats diseases or injuries by operative manual and instrumental treatment. ... The word physician should not be confused with physicist, which means a scientist in the area of physics. ...


Hospitals and Polyclinics

Yangon General Hospital which is the oldest in Yangon
Yangon General Hospital which is the oldest in Yangon
  • Yangon General Hospital(run by government)
  • New Yangon General Hospital (run by government)
  • Easten Yangon Hospital (run by government)
  • Western Yangon Hospital (run by government)
  • Workers' Hospital (run by government)
  • Thingangyun San Pya Hospital (run by government)
  • Wai Bar Gee Hospital (run by government)
  • Ywar Tha Gyi Psychiatric Hospital (run by government)
  • Pun Hlaing International Hospital (Private)
  • Shwe Gone Dine Hospital (Private)
  • Bahosi Medical Clinic (Private)
  • Jivitadana Sangha Hospital (with free services for monks)

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 1. ... Yangon General Hospital Yangon General Hospital (Burmese: ; formerly known as the Rangoon General Hospital), built in 1911 is a major hospital located in Yangon. ...

Transport

Air Transport

All international air travel arrives at the Yangon International Airport, which is located about 12 mi (19 km) from Downtown Yangon. Yangon International Airport recently opened a new passenger terminal to accommodate bigger aircraft and to promote tourism. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Yangon International Airport (Burmese: ; MLCTS: ) (IATA: RGN, ICAO: VYYY), located in Mingaladon, at 15 km north of downtown Yangon, is the primary international airport of Myanmar. ... Yangon International Airport (Burmese: ; MLCTS: ) (IATA: RGN, ICAO: VYYY), located in Mingaladon, at 15 km north of downtown Yangon, is the primary international airport of Myanmar. ... Yangon International Airport (Burmese: ; MLCTS: ) (IATA: RGN, ICAO: VYYY), located in Mingaladon, at 15 km north of downtown Yangon, is the primary international airport of Myanmar. ...


Buses and Cars
Downtown Yangon

Buses are cramped with daily commuters. Cars, although expensive, have become increasingly common on Yangon's streets, and there is much traffic congestion. The government regularly places restrictions on car imports. As a result, the black market is the primary source of used and new cars (which primarily come from Thailand, Japan and China). Drivers travel on the right side of the road. In addition, because the government rations petrol, the majority of cars utilise both government-supplied and black market-supplied gasoline. Within Yangon, it is illegal to drive trishaws, bicycles, and motorcycles. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into underground economy. ... Gasoline, as it is known in North America, or petrol, in many Commonwealth countries (sometimes also called motor spirit) is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting primarily of hydrocarbons, used as fuel in internal combustion engines. ... A velotaxi, also known as a pedicab, cycle rickshaw or trishaw (from tricycle rickshaw), is a human-powered vehicle for hire, usually with one or two seats for carrying passengers in addition to the driver. ...

Yangon Central Railway Station

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Rail Roads

The railroads extend to upper Myanmar from Yangon Central Railway Station. There's a local circuit rail system which connects all parts of the city.


Changes

After Burma obtained independence in 1948, many street names were changed, although some continue to be used interchangeably. The following list presents major thoroughfare name changes within Yangon city limits:

  • Campbell Road → Ngahtatgyi Pagoda Road
  • Dalhousie Street → Mahabandoola Road
  • Lower Kemmendine Road → Lower Kyimyindi Road
  • Montgomery Street → Bogyoke Aung San Road
  • Pagoda Road → Shwedagon Pagoda Road
  • Prome Road → Pyay Road
  • Upper Phayre Road → Upper Pansodan Road
  • Sparks Street → Bo Aung Kyaw Street
  • Stockade Road and Judah Ezekiel Road → Theinbyu Road
  • Voyle Road → U Wisara Road
  • Lancaster Road → Nawaday Road
  • Windermere Road → Than Lwin Road
  • Windsor Road → Shin Sawpu Road
  • Stevenson Road → Hledan Road
  • Fraser Road → Anawratha Road
  • Lewis Street → Seikkanthar Street
  • Bar Street → Mahahbandula Park Street
  • York Street→ Yaw Min Gyi Street

More photos

References

  • The Popular Encyclopedia or Conversation Lexicon. Blackie & Son, 1890.

Notes

  1. ^ United Nations World Urbanization Prospects, 2005 revision
  2. ^ Martin, Steven. "Burma maintains bygone buildings", BBC News, 2004-03-30. Retrieved on 2006-05-22. 
  3. ^ "Burma's new capital stages parade", BBC News, 2006-03-27. Retrieved on 2006-08-03. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ Falconer, John et al. (2001). Burmese Design & Architecture. 
  7. ^ [3]
  8. ^ [4]
  9. ^ a b "Rangoon Residents Told to Show Photos", The Irrawaddy, 2006-06-05. Retrieved on 2006-08-31. 
  10. ^ "Lawyer Aye Myint warns oppression could lead to implosion in Burma", Democratic Voice of Burma, 2006-08-24. Retrieved on 2006-08-31. 
  11. ^ Yangon. Asian Network of Major Cities 21. Retrieved on 2006-08-13.
  12. ^ Parker, Clive. "Rangoon Bets on Business", The Irrawaddy, May 2006. Retrieved on 2006-05-22. 

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Irrawaddy (Burmese: ; MLCTS: ) is a newsmagazine owned by the Irrawaddy Publishing Group (IPG). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Yangon Division - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (285 words)
Yangon Division is an administrative division of Myanmar.
Yangon Division is situated between latitude 16° 20' north and 17° 50' north and longitudes 95° 45' east and 96° 46' east in the southernmost part of the central plains.
Yangon Division consists of four districts: Yangon East District, Yangon West District, Yangon North District and Yangon South District, and 45 townships.
Yangon Summary (1514 words)
Yangon is the capital of the Union of Myanmar (Burma) and of Yangon Division (2002 est.
Yangon was originally an ancient Mon settlement known latterly as Dagon (derived from an ancient Pali term meaning "three pots"), a name commemorated in that of Burma's famed Buddhist temple, the Shwedagon, which has stood for centuries on Singuttara Hill.
Yangon was founded as Dagon in the 500s by the Mon, who had dominated the lower portions of present-day Myanmar at the time.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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