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Encyclopedia > Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture
延边朝鲜族自治州
Yánbiān Cháoxiǎnzú Zìzhìzhōu
Administration Type Autonomous prefecture
Seat Yanji
Area 42,700 km²
Population 2,184,000 (1997)
GDP
- Total
- Per Capita
 
¥
¥
Majority Nationalities Han
Koreans
County-level divisions 8
Township-level divisions
CPC Committee Secretary
Mayor Jin Zhenji (金振吉) [1]
Area code 433
Postal Code
License Plate Prefix

Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: 延边朝鲜族自治州; Pinyin: Yánbiān Cháoxiǎnzú Zìzhìzhōu; Korean: 연변 조선족 자치주 Yeonbyeon Joseonjok Jachiju) is an autonomous prefecture in Jilin province, in the northeastern part of China. Yanbian is south of Heilongjiang, east of Jilin's Baishan City, north of North Korea's North Hamgyong Province, and west of Russia. Yanbian is designated as an autonomous prefecture due to the large number of ethnic Koreans living in the region. The prefectural capital is Yanji, and the area is 42,700 km². Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... The seat of government is the location of the government for a political entity. ... Yánjí (Chinese: 延吉; pinyin: ) is the capital city of Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, within Jilin province of northeastern China. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... ISO 4217 Code CNY User(s) Mainland of the Peoples Republic of China Inflation 1. ... Ethnolinguistic map of China The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is a multi-ethnic unitary state and, as such, officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Languages Chinese languages Religions Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China, a position guaranteed by the countrys constitution. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Chinese Telephone Code Plan is the way to group telephone numbers in mainland China. ... The Postal code for the Peoples Republic of China is under a numeric 6-digit system for the whole country. ... Blue PRC licence plates of the 1992 standard (August 2004 image). ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: Jílín; Wade-Giles: Chi-lin; Postal System Pinyin: Kirin; Manchu: Girin ula), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. ... Heilongjiang (Simplified Chinese: 黑龙江省; Traditional Chinese: 黑龍江省; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Postal System Pinyin: Heilungkiang) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. ... Baishan (白山) is a city with more than 100,000 inhabitants in Jilin prefecture of the Peoples Republic of China. ... North Hamgyŏng (Hamgyŏng-pukto) is a province of North Korea. ... Koreans in China, also referred to as Chaoxianzu (朝鲜族 in Chinese), are citizens of China who are ethnically Korean. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Yánjí (Chinese: 延吉; pinyin: ) is the capital city of Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, within Jilin province of northeastern China. ...


The Prefecture has an important Balhae archaeological site: the Ancient Tombs at Longtou Mountain, which includes the Mausoleum of Princess Zhenxiao. Korean name Hangul: Hanja: Alternate meaning: Bohai Sea Balhae (698 - 926) (Bohai in Chinese) was an ancient Korean kingdom established after the fall of Goguryeo. ... The Ancient Tombs at Longtou Mountain (龙头山古墓群) are a collection of 12 burials for royalty of the Bohai Kingdom. ... The Mausoleum of Princess Zhenxiao (or Princess Jeong-Hyo) was made in 793 by the people of early Balhae Kingdom, and is a part of the Ancient Tombs at Longtou Mountain in Jilin. ...

Contents

Administration

The prefecture is subdivided into 8 county-level divisions: 6 county-level cities and 2 counties: Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... A county-level city (县级市 Pinyin: xiànjí shì) is a county-level administrative division of mainland China. ... Originally, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count (in Great Britain, an earl, though the original earldoms covered larger areas) by reason of that office. ...

  • Yanji City (延吉市 Yánjí Shì): formerly county until 1950s
  • Tumen City (图们市/圖們市 Túmén Shì): established in 1965
  • Longjing City (龙井市/龍井市 Lóngjǐng Shì): formerly county until 1987
  • Hunchun City (珲春市/琿春市 Húnchūn Shì): formerly county until 1983
  • Dunhua City (敦化市 Dūnhuà Shì): formerly county until 1985
  • Helong City (和龙市/和龍市 Hélóng Shì): formerly county until 1993
  • Antu County (安圖縣/安圖縣 Āntú Xiàn)
  • Wangqing County (汪清縣/汪清縣 Wāngqīng Xiàn)

(For a map, see #External links) Yánjí (Chinese: 延吉; pinyin: ) is the capital city of Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, within Jilin province of northeastern China. ... The border between Tumen and Namyang Tumen (Chinese: ; pinyin: Túmén; Korean: 도문 Domun or 투먼 Tumeon) is a county-level city in Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, within Jilin province of northeastern China. ... Longjing is a city in Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, within Jilin province of northeastern China. ... Hunchun is a city in China. ... Dunhua is a city in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in the province of Jilin in China. ...


The above counties and cities are divided into 642 villages (边境村/邊境村).


History

Yanbian was inhabited 26,000 years ago by the Antu (simplified 安图人/traditional安圖人) (named after the county of the archaeological site). Between the 1st century and 7th century Yanbian was territory of Goguryeo. Since approximately the 8th century A.D., Yanbian was part of Balhae. In the Ming Dynasty, Yanbian was governed by Jianzhou Guard-district (建州衛), and in the late Qing Dynasty the area was divided into the Yanji (延吉廳) and Hunchun (琿春廳) subprefectures. Antu may refer to: Antu: a goddess, in akkadian mythology. ... The 1st century was that century which lasted from 1 to 100 according the Gregorian calendar. ... The 7th century is the period from 601 - 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Goguryeo was an ancient kingdom located in southern Manchuria (present-day Northeast China), southern Russian Maritime province, and the northern and central parts of the Korean peninsula. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... Korean name Hangul: Hanja: Alternate meaning: Bohai Sea Balhae (698 - 926) (Bohai in Chinese) was an ancient Korean kingdom established after the fall of Goguryeo. ... Ming China under the Yongle Emperor Capital Nanjing (1368-1421) Beijing (1421-1644) Language(s) Chinese Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1368-1398 Hongwu Emperor  - 1627-1644 Chongzhen Emperor History  - Established in Nanjing January 23, 1368  - Fall of Beijing 1644  - End of the Southern Ming April, 1662 Population  - 1393 est. ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Territory of Qing China in 1892 Capital Shengjing (1636-1644) Beijing (1644-1912) Language(s) Chinese Manchu Mongolian Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1636-1643 Huang Taiji  - 1908-1912 Xuantong Emperor Prime Minister  - 1911 Yikuang  - 1911-1912 Yuan Shikai History  - Establishment of the Late... Subprefecture is an administrative level that is below prefecture or province. ...


In the 19th century, Korean immigrants migrated en masse from the Korean peninsula to China. After the foundation of the Republic of China, a second wave arrived. The population increase was caused by the Japanese invasion of that region. The Japanese were trying to use Korean immigration to diffuse the staying power of Chinese in that region. After the end of World War II, many Koreans did not go back to Korea, even though their country was liberated. Instead, they joined the Chinese Civil War and were mobilized by both Chinese communists and the Chinese Nationalists. When the civil war was over, the new Chinese government gave Koreans their own autonomous region (区) in 1952. Yanbian was upgraded to an ethnic autonomous prefecture in 1955. The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula in East Asia. ... Anthem National Anthem of the Republic of China Capital (and largest city) Taipei1 Official languages Standard Mandarin (GuóyÇ”), Taiwanese, Aborigine Government Semi-presidential system  -  President Chen Shui-bian  -  Vice President Annette Lu  -  Premier Chang Chun-hsiung Establishment Xinhai Revolution   -  Independence declared October 10, 1911   -  Republic established January 1, 1912... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Combatants Nationalist Party of China Communist Party of China Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Mao Zedong Strength 4,300,000 (July 1946) 3,650,000 (June 1948) 1,490,000 (June 1949) 1,200,000 (July 1946) 2,800,000 (June 1948) 4,000,000 (June 1949) The Chinese Civil War... The Kuomintang (KMT) or Nationalist Party of China (Traditional Chinese: 中國國民黨; Simplified Chinese: 中国国民党; pinyin: Zhōnggu ndǎng; Wade-Giles: Chung-kuo Kuo-min-tang; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhongguo Guomindang; literally the National Peoples Party of China) is a... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ...


In 1952, the Korean migrants composed some 60% of the local population, but by 2000 their share shrank to 32%. The Chinese authorities subsidize Korean language schools and publications, but also take measures to prevent an emergence of the Korean irredentism in the area. From the late 1990s the Koreans began to be assimilated into Chinese culture with increasing speed, often switching to daily use of Chinese and choosing to attend the Chinese language schools.[1]



The name "Yanbian" was created in the 1920s, because it stretches (yan) on the boundary (bian) of three nations. It was also in the Yanji Border-affairs Public Bureau, where Yanji means Luck of the Stretch. During the Manchukuo period, it was called Kan-do (間島) Province by the Japanese. The same characters when used as hanja in Korean are pronounced and romanized as Gando (hangul: 간도), the name is still currently used by Koreans to refer to the entire larger region of Manchuria long inhabited by those of Korean ethnicity. The 1920s is a decade that is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... Flag Anthem National Anthem of Manchukuo Map of Manchukuo Capital Hsinking Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1932 - 1934 Datong (Chief Executive) (Aisingioro Puyi)  - 1934 - 1945 Kangde-Emperor (Aisingioro Puyi) Prime Minister  - 1932 - 1935 Zheng Xiaoxu  - 1935 - 1945 Zhang Jinghui History  - Established 1932  - Disestablished 1945 Japanese name KyÅ«jitai: Shinjitai: Romaji: Manchukuo... Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. ... Gando, Jiandao, and Kantō are the Korean, Chinese, and Japanese pronunciations of a name (間島) that refers to parts of Manchuria populated by Koreans. ... Jamo redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Geography

  • Geographic coordinates: 41°59'47" - 44°30'42", 127°27'43" - 131°18'33" E
  • Boundary length: 755.2 km
    • China-Korea: 522.5 km
    • China-Russia: 232.7 km

Mountains that are in the prefecture are: km redirects here. ...

  • The central range of Changbai Mountain (長白山主脈)
  • Zhangguangcai Peak (張廣才嶺)
  • Harba Peak (哈爾巴嶺)
  • Peony Peak (牡丹嶺)
  • Old Master Peak (老爺嶺)
  • Nan'gang Mountain Range (南崗山脈)

There have been over 40 types of minerals and 50 kinds of metals, including gold, lead, zinc copper, silver, manganese and mercury, discovered near or in the mountains. A mineral is a naturally occurring substance formed through geological processes that has a characteristic chemical composition, a highly ordered atomic structure and specific physical properties. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Standard atomic weight 196. ... For Pb as an abbreviation, see PB. General Name, Symbol, Number lead, Pb, 82 Chemical series Post-transition metals or poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 6, p Appearance bluish gray Standard atomic weight 207. ... General Name, Symbol, Number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Standard atomic weight 65. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance metallic pinkish red Standard atomic weight 63. ... General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5, d Appearance lustrous white metal Standard atomic weight 107. ... General Name, Symbol, Number manganese, Mn, 25 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 7, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Standard atomic weight 54. ... General Name, Symbol, Number mercury, Hg, 80 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 6, d Appearance silvery Standard atomic weight 200. ...


Average land height is 500 metres above sea level. The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ...


Main rivers include:

The rivers sustain 28 running water processing facilities. Location of the Songhua River is in dark blue. ... Korean name Hangul: Hanja: Manchu name Manchu: (Tumen ula) Mongolian name Mongolian: Russian name Russian: The Tumen or Dumen River is a 521 km-long river that serves as part of the boundary between China, North Korea, and Russia, rising in the Changbai/Jangbaek Mountains and flowing into the Sea...


The rivers created basins, which are suitable for agricultural uses, like rice paddies and bean farms. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Legume, Pulse (legume) and Fabaceae (Discuss) Green beans Bean is a common name for large plant seeds of several genera of Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) used for food or feed. ...


Transportation

Railways include:

  • Chang-Tu Line (长图线/長圖線): most important
  • Mu-Tu Line (牡图线/牡圖線)
  • Chao-Kai Line (朝开线/朝開線): Yangchuan-Shantun Line (阳川山屯线/陽川山屯線)
  • Tumen-Hunchun Railway: under construction

Public roads are 1,480-kilometre altogether. There are four airports. A public road is a road that is open to common use by the general population. ... km redirects here. ...


Demographics

Ethnicity compositions: This article or section should be merged with ethnic group Ethnicity is the cultural characteristics that connect a particular group or groups of people to each other. ...

Population density: 51 people per km². Languages Chinese languages Religions Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ... The Manchu people (Manchu: Manju; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: , Mongolian: Манж) are a Tungusic people who originated in Manchuria (todays Northeastern China). ... The Hui (回) ethnic group is unrelated to the Hui (徽) dialects. ... Ethnolinguistic map of China The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is a multi-ethnic unitary state and, as such, officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ...


Like the peninsular Koreans, Yanbian Koreans' most common surname is Kim. Many immigrated from Korea during the 19th century, and again during the Japanese Occupation. A Korean personal name consists of a family name and a given name, both of which are generally composed of Hanja. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture has an index of urbanization standard (城市化水准/城市化水準) at 55.6%, 20 percentage points greater than the provincial average (31.3%) and 25 more than the national average (26.5%).[2]


Culture

Both Chinese language and Korean language are used as official languages in Yanbian Ethnic Korean Autonomous Prefecture. Most ethnic Koreans in this area are bilingual. Like Koreans living in the Korean peninsula, ethnic Koreans in Yanbian use Western punctuation in writing. Chinese (written) language (pinyin: zhōngw n) written in Chinese characters The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: H nyǔ, Hu yǔ, or Zhōngw n) is a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ... This article is mainly about the spoken Korean language. ... The term punctuation has two different linguistic meanings: in general, the act and the effect of punctuating, i. ...


The Museum of Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture was planned in 1960, and constructed in 1982. It contains over 10,000 exhibits, including 11 first-level artifacts. The exhibits' labels and explanations are bilingual in Korean and Chinese, and tour guides are also available in both languages. Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ...


Tourism

There are seven public parks in Yanbian's green space (18% of whole prefecture), including:

  • Yanji People's Park (延吉人民公园/延吉人民公園)
  • Youth Lake Park (青年湖公园/青年湖公園)

Also popular among locals during holidays and festivities.


Nature and Environment

Over 70% are originally forest in the prefecture, so there is a rich diversity of life.

The hierarchy of scientific classification. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta—liverworts Anthocerotophyta—hornworts Bryophyta—mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta—rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta—zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta—clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta—trimerophytes Pteridophyta—ferns and horsetails Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta—seed ferns Pinophyta—conifers Cycadophyta—cycads Ginkgophyta—ginkgo Gnetophyta—gnetae Magnoliophyta—flowering plants...

References

  1. ^ Andrei Lankov (2007-08-16). The gentle decline of the 'Third Korea' (English). Asia Times. Retrieved on 2007-08-17.
  2. ^ 李亚彪; 王景和 (2002-09-02). 吉林延边朝鲜族自治州城市化水平走在全国前列 (Chinese). Xinhua. Retrieved on 2007-07-15.

Asia Times Online is an Internet-only publication that reports and examines geopolitical, political, economic and business issues, looking at these from an Asian perspective. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Xinhua (Chinese:新华通讯社/新華通訊社, pinyin:xīnhuá tōngxùnshè) is also the short for Xinhua News Agency Xinhua (Chinese:新化县/新化縣, pinyin:xīnhuà xiàn) is a county in Hunan,China, See Xinhua... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

The sub-pages of this article aim to list articles on Wikipedia that are related to China, including Hong Kong and Macau. ...

External links

  • Official government website: in simplified Chinese, Korean and English
  • Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture: by the Information Office of Jilin Provincial Government
  • A map labeled in Chinese written in the list in the "Administration" section
  • Yanbian University: in Korean, simplified Chinese, and English

  Results from FactBites:
 
Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (902 words)
Yanbian is south of Heilongjiang, east of Jilin's Baishan City, north of North Korea's North Hamgyong Province, and west of Russia.
Yanbian is designated as an autonomous prefecture due to the large number of ethnic Koreans living in the region.
Balhae was an ancient Korean kingdom and civilization that flourished in the region in the 7th to 10th centuries.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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