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Encyclopedia > Yanam (India)
Yanam
Nickname: "French Yanam"
Coordinates: 16°44′N 82°15′E
Country India
Union Territory Pondicherry
District Yanam
Language Telugu, French and Tamil
Area  
 - City 30 km²
Population (2001)
 - City 32,362
 - Density 1568/km²
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry and a town in that district. Yanam has some 300 years of history and is well known as French Yanam even now although it was transferred to India in 1954. It forms a 30 km² enclave in the district of East Godavari in Andhra Pradesh. It has a population of 32,000, most of whom speak Telugu and, to a very small extent, Tamil. Yanam was a unique blend of French and Telugu culture prevailing Andhra Pradesh. During French rule, Tuesday market (mangalavaram santa) at Yanam was very popular among nearby Telugu people in Madras Presidency who used to visit in order to buy foreign and smuggled goods. // A nickname is a short, clever, cute, derogatory, or otherwise substitute name for a person or things real name (for example, Bob, Rob, Robby, Robbie, Robi, Bobby, Rab, Bert, Bertie, Butch, Bobbers, Bobert, Beto, Bobadito, and Robban (in Sweden), are all short for Robert). ... Image File history File links WikiprojectIndiacities_pondicherry. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... Map of Pondicherry Region, Union Territory of Pondicherry, India Pondicherry (Tamil:புதுவை,Hindi: पॉण्डिचेरी) is a Union Territory of India. ... The divisions of a district. ... Look up telugu in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Tamil (தமிழ் ) is a classical language and one of the major languages of the Dravidian language family. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This article is about the year 2001. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time zone for India. ... The divisions of a district. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... Map of Pondicherry Region, Union Territory of Pondicherry, India Pondicherry (Tamil:புதுவை,Hindi: पॉण्डिचेरी) is a Union Territory of India. ... Map showing east godavari district East Godavari District is situated on the northeast of Andhra Pradesh state, India. ... Andhra Pradesh  : (Telugu: ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్, Urdu: آندھرا پردیش, IPA: ), is a state in South India. ... Look up telugu in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Tamil (தமிழ் ) is a classical language and one of the major languages of the Dravidian language family. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Madras Presidency, also known as Madras Province and known officially as Presidency of Fort St. ...

Contents

General statistics

Geography

Entrance of Yanam
Entrance of Yanam

Latitude: 16°42' N - 16°46' N; Longitude: 82°11' E - 82°19' E.
The district lies in the delta of Godavari River, the town is situated where the river meets its tributary Koringa River (Coringa River), 9 kilometres from the Bay of Bengal in the Coromandel coast. Image File history File links Entrance_of_Yanam. ... Image File history File links Entrance_of_Yanam. ... Nile River delta, as seen from Earth orbit. ... The Godavari River, adjacent to the town of Kovvur This article is about Godavari River in India. ... Colonial Yanaon River Coringa is the Athreya Branch of Goutami Godavari River flowing in East Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... A map showing the location of the Bay of Bengal. ... The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian peninsula. ...


Soils

It is occupied by alluvium consisting of sand clay and gravel. Ground water occurs both water table and confined conditions in the granular beds in the alluvial deposits. It is development by means of shallow filter point well within a depth of nine metres. The soil is grayish black and is essentially clayey in composition. A few thin layers of sandy clay or sand, not exceeding 0.3 metre in thickness are intercalated with the clayed soil. The river sands on the bank of Gauthami Godavari consists predominantly of quartz, felspar and muscovite mica. A few grains of monazite are also found in the black streaks. There are no minerals of economic value in the region. Alluvium (from the Latin, alluvius, from alluere, to wash against) is soil or sediments deposited by a river or other running water. ... Gravel being unloaded from a barge Gravel is rock that is of a certain grain size range. ... Soil color often indicates soil moisture status and is used for determining hydric soils. ... The Gay Head cliffs in Marthas Vineyard are made almost entirely of clay. ... Patterns in the sand Sand is a granular material made up of fine rock particles. ... Quartz is one of the most common minerals in the Earths continental crust. ... Feldspar is the name of an important group of rock-forming minerals which make up perhaps as much as 60% of the Earths crust. ... For other uses, see Mica (disambiguation). ... Monazite powder In geology, the mineral monazite is a reddish-brown phosphate containing rare earth metals and an important source of thorium, lanthanum, and cerium. ...


Irrigation

Sri Potti Sri Ramulu Yanam Bridge
Sri Potti Sri Ramulu Yanam Bridge

Yanam received irrigation water through Bank Canal which starts from Dowleswaram Head Works (Sir Arthur Cotton Barrage on the River Godavari downstream Rajahmundry). This canal runs towards east up to Pillanka, a small village near Yanam. From popularly known as French Channel built by an agreement entered in 1949 between the then French Government and the Government of India. This canal serves the irrigation as well as drinking water needs of the areas west of Coringa River. Image File history File links Sri_Potti_Sri_Ramulu_Yanam_Bridge. ... Image File history File links Sri_Potti_Sri_Ramulu_Yanam_Bridge. ... Dowlaiswaram is a village in East Godavari district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... General Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton (15 May 1803 Oxford – 25 July 1899 Dorking) was a British general and irrigation engineer. ... The Godavari River is a major waterway in India, next to the Ganges and Indus rivers. ... Rajahmundry or Rajamundry (రాజహ్మండ్రి in Telugu) is a major city in East Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh state of southern India. ... This article is about the political and administrative structures of the French government. ... The Government of India (Hindi: Bharat Sarkar), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of India. ...


After merger, steps were taken to provide irrigation facilities for about 560 hectares of dry land in the eastern side of Coringa River by providing a new irrigation canal called Adivipolam Channel from the tail end of Tallarevu south canal and at the starting point of Neelapalli channel on the right side. The work was taken for execution by the Andhra Pradesh Pubic Works Department as a deposit work in 1964 and was completed and commissioned in June 1966. The water from this channel is used for drinking purpose also, as in the case of French Channel.

Rajeev Gandhi Beach, Yanam
Rajeev Gandhi Beach, Yanam

Image File history File links Ferry_of_Yanam. ... Image File history File links Ferry_of_Yanam. ...

Climate

In the hot season humidity rates vary between 68% and 80%. But generally, it experiences a climate which is characterized by high humidity over 70% and over 60% in the evenings throughout the year, an oppressive summer season and a good rainfall. It enjoys the benefit of both the Southwest and Northeast monsoons. During a year on an average, the normal rainfall is 1226 mm. Humidity is the concentration of water vapor in the air. ... The climate of India is difficult to lay due to the countrys large geographic size and varied topography. ... The climate of India is difficult to lay due to the countrys large geographic size and varied topography. ...


The sky is generally heavily clouded to overcast during the southwest monsoon months. There is moderate cloudiness in the post monsoon months. During the rest of the year, the sky will be clear or lightly clouded.


Temperature

Regional Administrator Office,Yanam

Temperatures in Yanam range from 27 °C to 45 °C in summer and 17 °C to 28 °C in winter. From February, temperature start rising rapidly till May which is the hottest month with the mean maximum around 37 °C and mean minimum around 28 °C. Humidity being high, the heat is very trying. The maximum temperature on some days in May or early June before the onset of the south-west monsoon may even touch 47 °C. The sea breeze, however afford some relief in afternoons. Image File history File links Regional_Administrator_Office,Yanam. ... Image File history File links Regional_Administrator_Office,Yanam. ...


Similarly pre-monsoon thunder-showers may also bring welcome relief on some days. With the onset of the monsoon in June the temperature falls rapidly and remains almost steady till September. In this season mean maximum temperature is around 32 °C and night temperature fall rapidly till December or January when day temperature is around 27 °C and the night temperature around 19 °C. Sometimes the minimum temperature may drop as low as about 14 °C. December and January are the coolest months.


Demographics

As of 2001 India censusGRIndia, Yanam had a population of 31,362. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49 %. In Yanam, 14 % of the population is under 6 years of age. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...

  • 1843 - 4,000
  • 1885 - 4,266
  • 1936 - 5,220
  • 1948 - 5,853
  • 1971 - 8,291
  • 1981 - 11,631
  • 1991 - 20,297

Revenue villages

Apart from the town of Yanam itself, the following villages fall under the district's jurisdiction: Agraharam, Darialatippa, Farampeta, Guerempeta, Jambavanpeta, Kanakalapeta, Kurasampeta and Mettakur.


Literacy rate

Yanam has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5% with male literacy at 68%, and female literacy at 60%.


Colonial history

Colonial Yanaon
Colonial Yanaon

Yanaon was a Dutch colony before French overtook it in 1720s. In the west of Yanam, we can still find `Neelikundilu' (indigo wells). People say that the Dutch constructed a fort here .It is being called by locals as 'saali kota' because previously weavers (in Telugu Saalivandru) used to weave clothes after the demise of Dutch people. In this fort, they used to keep their currency, minted in the mint at Neelapalli, a nearby village. People say that this region was presented to the French general the Marquis de Bussy, by Vizianagaram Kingas a token of gratitude for the help rendered by Bussy in the fight against the rulers of Bobbili. Even now we can see a street named after Bussy in Yanam. It is believed that Bussy had stayed in a certain building in this street. Image File history File links Yanaon. ... Image File history File links Yanaon. ... Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry, India, and a town in that district. ... Indigo (or spectral indigo) is the color on the spectrum between 440 and 420 nanometres in wavelength, placing it between blue and violet. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... MiNT (MiNT is Now TOS) is an alternative operating system (OS) kernel for the Atari ST computer and its successors which is free software. ... Charles Joseph Patissier, Marquis de Bussy-Castelnau was the French Governor General between (1783 - 1785) , born in 1718, died in 1785 for Pondichéry. ... Bobbili is a town located in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, and its PIN is 532558. ...

French India
French India

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1044x1287, 45 KB) Summary French control and influence in India 1741-1754, based on information from [1] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): French India ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1044x1287, 45 KB) Summary French control and influence in India 1741-1754, based on information from [1] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): French India ...

Commercial era (before 1942)

It is mentioned in the book, The botanic garden of Yanam (Le Jardin Botanique de Yanaon) by Médecin-colonel Alfred-Alphonse-Léon Bigot (Colonel A. Bigot), that at first, the French establishment of a warehouse here in 1723 A.D. the La Compagnie des Française Indes Orientales of France established here a trading post of theirs. In 1723, Yanam was the third French colony established in India though it was officially confirmed in 1751. Since the business became slack and commercial operations had not produced the desired results. Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... Inside Green Logistics Co. ... The French East India Company (French Compagnie des Indes Orientales) was a commercial enterprise, founded in 1664 to compete with the British and Dutch East India companies. ... A trading post is a place where trading of goods takes place. ... -1...


Actually it was seized again by Dupleix in 1731. A firman from Haji Hassan Khan, Nawab of Masulipatam authorized the French Representative Fouquet, then chief of the Company at Machilipatnam to set up a loge at Yanam in the year 1731. Nawab Roustoum khan granted a Paravana dated 1735 for French commerce in Yanam. Joseph François Dupleix Joseph François Dupleix (January 1, 1697 — November 10, 1763) was governor general of the French establishment in India, and was the great rival of Robert Clive. ... Firman refers to a royal mandate or decree issued from a sovereign in Western Asian countries such as Iran under the Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi or the Ottoman rulers. ... Haji Hasan Khan was nawab of masulipatam. ... Nawabs of Masulipatam ruled under the Nizam. ... Machilipatnam  , also known as Masulipatnam or Bandar or Masula (for short among Finnish mission workers [3]), is a city and a municipality in Krishna district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... Loge can refer to: Loge, an invented Germanized name for the god Loki in the operas Das Rheingold and Die Walküre by Richard Wagner and in works derived from them and in commentary on them. ... Firman refers to a royal mandate or decree issued from a sovereign in Western Asian countries such as Iran under the Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi or the Ottoman rulers. ...


Political era (after 1742)

But it was re-established completely in 1742 during the reign of Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah. After 1742 political motives began to overshadow the desire for commercial gain. Mr. De Choisis administered it. He died here on 27 October 1747. Monsieur Sinfray succeeded him. The annual rent was waived off by a document in 1743 for Yanam. Mir Ahmad Ali Khan, Nawab of Arcot, granted all the rights on the lands situated before the quarters at Yanam in 1747. October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. ... // Events January 31 - The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Dock Hospital April 9 - The Scottish Jacobite Lord Lovat was beheaded by axe on Tower Hill, London, for high treason; he was the last man to be executed in this way in Britain May 14 - First battle of Cape... Monsieur Sinfray was an French Artillery Officer in 1757 Battle of Plassey who fought for Siraj Ud Daulah, Nawab of Bengal. ... Nawab (Urdu: نواب ) was originally the subadar (provincial governor) or viceroy of a subah (province) or region of the Mughal empire. ... Arcot is a city and metropolitan district in Vellore District of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. ...


In December 1753, a Paravana of Salabat Jang conceded to Bussy the Northern Circars. Salabat Jang was indebted for his elevation to the throne to the French East India Company which was cinformed by then Mughal emperor also. The agreement made between the French and Salabat Jang in Aurangabad bears the signature of Said Loukshur, Minister of Salabat Jang. Yanam acquired considerable importance during the occupation of the Northern Circars by the French. Asif ad-Dawlah Mir Ali Salabat Jang (d. ... Charles Joseph Patissier, Marquis de Bussy-Castelnau was the French Governor General between (1783 - 1785) , born in 1718, died in 1785 for Pondichéry. ... Circar is an Indian term applied to the component parts of a subah or province, each of which is administered by a deputy governor. ... French and other European settlements in India. ... Aurangabad (औरंगाबाद, from Persian اورنگ‌آباد meaning Built by the Throne, named after Mughal Emporer Aurangazeb) is a city and district in Maharashtra, India. ...


First British occupation

Joseph F Dupleix Stamp
Joseph F Dupleix Stamp

Another important event in the history was the war between the French and the English fought at Chandurthi in 1758 in which the French were defeated. Salabat Jang made a treaty with British and gave the Northern Circars under a firman to the English. After 1760 the French lost hold in South India, especially on Northern Circars. Image File history File links Joseph_Dupleix_Stamp. ... Image File history File links Joseph_Dupleix_Stamp. ... South India is a linguistic-cultural region of India that comprises the four Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Pondicherry, whose inhabitants are collectively referred to as South Indians. ...


A document dated 15 May 1765 showed that the villages of Yanam and Kapulapalem (Capouloupalém) with other lands were handed over by Jean white hill and George Dolben, the Englishmen deputed by Mr. Jean Pybus, the head of the English settlement in Masulipatam to Mr. Yoan Yacques Panon, French Commissioner deputed by Jean Law de Lauriston the then Governor General of Pondicherry, for taking them over. This document mentions that France entered into possession of Yanam and its dependent territories with exemption from all export and import duties. Soon after taking possession of this settlement, Mr. Panon obtained a firman for full liberty of trade commerce of the French in Yanam. May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... 1765 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... A reference to colonization, or the resulting communities. ... Machilipatnam, also known as Masulipatnam or Bandar, is a city on the southeastern or Coromandel Coast of India. ... Commissioner is a designation that may be used for a variety of official positions, especially referring to a high-ranking public (administrative or police) official, or an analogous official in the private sector (e. ... Jean Law De Lauriston, Baron De was Born on Oct 5 1719 in Paris. ... A Governor-General (in Canada always, and frequently in India prior to the abolition of the last monarchy, Governor General) is most generally a governor of high rank, or a principal governor ranking above ordinary governors [1]. The most common contemporary usage of the term is to refer to the... Map of Pondicherry Region, Union Territory of Pondicherry, India Pondicherry (Tamil:புதுவை,Hindi: पॉण्डिचेरी) is a Union Territory of India. ...

Preceded by
French East India Company
First British Occupation of Yanaon
(Seven Years War)

1758–1765
Succeeded by
French East India Company

French and other European settlements in India. ... Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry and a town in that district. ... This article is about the 1756–1763 war. ... French and other European settlements in India. ...

Second British occupation

Between 1778 and 1783, Pondicherry was under British occupation. Yanam was restored again to the French in 1785. Mr. Mallhendre took possession of it and Mr. Bluter succeeded him. After Bluter, Mr. Pierre Sonnerat (August 18, 1748March 31, 1814) became the chief in 1790 in Yanam. He appreciated very much the sonority and the music of the Telugu language. He administered Yanam during the time of the French Revolution. Pierre Sonnerat (August 18, 1748 – March 31, 1814) was a French naturalist and explorer. ... August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events April 24 - A congress assembles at Aix-la-Chapelle with the intent to conclude the struggle known as the War of Austrian Succession - at October 18 - The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle is signed to end the war Adam Smith begins to deliver public lectures in Edinburgh Building of... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Look up telugu in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The French Revolution (1789–1799) was a vital period in the history of France and Europe as a whole. ...

Preceded by
French East India Company
Second British Occupation of Yanaon
1778–1785
Succeeded by
French Colonial Empire

French and other European settlements in India. ... Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry and a town in that district. ... -1...

Third British occupation

Once again French lost control over Yanam to the British. During 1793 and 1816 Pondicherry was under British control. So, Yanam fell thrice into the hands of the British. After the Napoleonic wars, by the Treaty of Paris (1814) Yanam along with the factory at Machilipatnam was finally returned to the French on 26 September 1816. From then it was continuously under French control until its independence in 1954. Combatants Allies: Austria[1] Portugal Prussia[1] Russia[2] Spain[3] Sweden United Kingdom[4] French Empire Holland Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of Naples Duchy of Warsaw Bavaria[5] Saxony[6] Denmark [7] Commanders Archduke Charles Prince Schwarzenberg Karl Mack von Leiberich Gebhard von Blücher Duke of Brunswick Prince... The 1814 Treaty of Paris, signed on May 30, 1814, ended the war between France and the Sixth Coalition of the United Kingdom, Russia, Austria, Sweden and Prussia. ... Machilipatnam  , also known as Masulipatnam or Bandar or Masula (for short among Finnish mission workers [3]), is a city and a municipality in Krishna district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...

Preceded by
French Colonial Empire
Final British Occupation of Yanaon
(Napoleonic Wars)

1793–1816
Succeeded by
French Colonial Empire

-1... Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry and a town in that district. ... Combatants Allies: Austria[1] Portugal Prussia[1] Russia[2] Spain[3] Sweden United Kingdom[4] French Empire Holland Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of Naples Duchy of Warsaw Bavaria[5] Saxony[6] Denmark [7] Commanders Archduke Charles Prince Schwarzenberg Karl Mack von Leiberich Gebhard von Blücher Duke of Brunswick Prince... -1...

Local administration in colonial era

Venkanna Babu Ratham, Yanam
Venkanna Babu Ratham, Yanam

Image File history File links Yanam_Venkanna_Babu_Ratham. ... Image File history File links Yanam_Venkanna_Babu_Ratham. ...

1840 decree

Local administration was started in Yanaon by a royal decree (Ordonnance Royale) dated 23 July 1840 during July Monarchy. According to that decree Yanaon and Mahé were provided with Chef de service (Service Chief) who resides in his official residence. After the merger, it is being resided by Regional Executive Officer, Yanam.[1] An Order-in-Council is a type of legislation in the United Kingdom and certain Commonwealth countries which is formally made in the name of the Queen (or the Governor-General acting on her behalf) by the Privy Council or the Executive Council the Queen-in-Council or the Governor... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 161 days remaining. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The July Monarchy was established in France with the reign of Louis Philippe of France. ... Mahé, also known as Mayyazhi, is a former French colony in India. ...


1871 decree

According to a decree dated 1 February 1871, one person can be sent as a député to Chambre des députés.[2] February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Deputy may mean: A member of a Chamber of Deputies, National Assembly, etc. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Chamber of Deputies is the name given to a legislative body, be it the lower house of a bicameral legislature, or the name of a unicameral legislature. ...


1872 decree

Another pivotal incident in local administration was the decree of 1872. It was dated 13 June 1872 and was issued during Third Republic. According to that decree Conseils locaux (Local councils) were created at each colony. The elected member was called as Conseiller local (Local councillor). Conseil local de Yanaon had a strength of 4 local councillors. The term of office was 6 years with one half of membership renewed every 3 years. [3] June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ... 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The French Third Republic, (in French, Troisième Republique, sometimes written as IIIème Republique) ( 1870/ 75- 1940/ 46), was the governing body of France between the Second French Empire and the Fourth Republic. ...

Ferry Road,Yanam
Ferry Road,Yanam

Image File history File links Yanam_Ferry_Road. ... Image File history File links Yanam_Ferry_Road. ...

1878 decree

According to a decree dated 24 February 1878, one person can be sent as a sénateur to Sénat (French Senate). Senator will be elected by Conseil colonial (Colonial Council) and Conseil local (Local council). First election were held on 26 March 1876.[4] February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... The Senate amphitheater in the Luxembourg Palace The Senate (French: ) is the upper house of the Parliament of France. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (86th in leap years). ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


1946 decree

By the decree of 1946, French India (Inde française) became an (Overseas Territory) of France. Then an Assemblée Représentative (Representative Assembly) was created for each colony. Yanaon was provided with two assembly representatives (Equivalent to MLA). French India is highlighted in light blue on the subcontinent. ... A Territoire doutre-mer (TOM, French for Overseas territory) is an administrative division of France. ... A Member of Legislative Assembly, or MLA, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to the Legislature of a State in the Indian system of government. ...


Notable assembly representatives from Yanam were Kamichetty Venougopalarao Naidou, Kamichetty Savithiry, Kamichetty Sri Parassourama Varaprassada Rao Naidu and Kanakala Tatayya Naidou.[5] Kamichetty Sri Parassourama Varaprassada Rao Naidu was the son of Former Maire de Yanaon, Kamichetty Venugopala Rao Naidu. ...


Municipal administration in colonial era

St.Anns Catholic Church, Yanam
St.Anns Catholic Church, Yanam

Though the French established colonies in India in seventeeth century itself, it was not until during the end of the 19th century they started civil administration in French India. // [edit] Introduction Though the French established colonies in India in seventeeth century itself, it was not untill during the end of 19th Century they started civil administration in French India. ... Image File history File links Church_in_Yanam. ... Image File history File links Church_in_Yanam. ... French India is highlighted in light blue on the subcontinent. ...


French Metropolitan Decree

A French Metropolitan Decree, dated 12 March 1880 adopted a six-year term of office for Mayors (Maire), municipal councillors (Conseil municipaux) and commune panchayats (communes). Thus French India has seen a French system of municipal administration. In the past, municipal administration was virtually the pivot of the whole administrative machinery in French India. It had several features that could serve as a role model for hassle-free administration. March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in leap years). ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... // The Panchayat (पंचायत in Devanagiri) is an Indian political system that groups five villages in a quincunx (four peripheral villages around a central one were laid out as the 5 side of a die). ... The commune (in French: commune, word appeared in the 12th century, from Medieval Latin communia, meaning a gathering of people sharing a common life, from Latin communis, things held in common) is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ...


Then a total of 10 communes were formed in which Yanaon became one commune with a strength of 12 Municipal Councillors (conseillers municipaux). First elections were held on 30 May 1880. May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Structure of municipality

Draksharamam Road, Yanam
Draksharamam Road, Yanam
See also: Yanam Municipality

La Mairie (Town Hall) in Yanaon is now called as Municipality Building. It was built in 19th century and is situated next to Court House in the Thiagaraja Street in Yanaon Town. During French colonial rule, Yanam Municipality had 12 Sièges. Then, they were called previously as Sièges instead of wards. Each ward is represented by a municipal councilor. Each commune possesses a Mayor and a Municipal council (Conseil Municipal) which manage the commune from the Mairie. The life-span of a Municipal council will be 6 six years with one half of the membership renewed for every 3 years. Image File history File links Yanam_Draksharamam_Road. ... Image File history File links Yanam_Draksharamam_Road. ... // [edit] Introduction Muncipalité de Yanaon (Yanam Municipality) was created by a French Metropolitan Decree dated March 12th 1880. ... City Hall is a 1996 film directed by Harold Becker. ... // [edit] Introduction Muncipalité de Yanaon (Yanam Municipality) was created by a French Metropolitan Decree dated March 12th 1880. ... A ward is an electoral district used in local politics, most notably in England, Scotland, and Wales, as well as Australia, Canada, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa and many cities in the United States and the federal district of Washington, DC. Wards are usually named after neighbourhoods... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Municipal council (conseil municipal)(maire) Despite enormous differences in population, each of the communes of the French Republic possesses a mayor (maire) and a municipal council (conseil municipal) which manage the commune from the mairie (city hall), with exactly the same powers no matter the size of the commune (with...


Election results of 1948

Children's Park in Yanam

Elections held on 24 October 1948 and 18 October 1954 are most crucial in the history of French India. In June 1948 the French and Indian Governments came to an agreement as to how the future of the French Settlements should be determined. [6] Image File history File links Children's_Park_in_Yanam. ... Image File history File links Children's_Park_in_Yanam. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years). ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Municipal elections were held in Pondicherry, Karikal and Yanam on 24 October 1948. The two main parties were the French India Socialist Party (Socialists), who favoured the continuance of French rule, and the French India Congress (Congress), who favoured union with India. Socialist Party was headed by Kamichetty Sri Parassourama Varaprassada Rao Naidu and Congress Party was headed by Yerra Jaganatha Rao.[7] Categories: India geography stubs | Pondicherry | Cities and towns in India ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Socialism is any economic system in which the means of production are owned and controlled collectively or a political philosophy advocating such a system. ... --207. ... Kamichetty Sri Parassourama Varaprassada Rao Naidu was the son of Former Maire de Yanaon, Kamichetty Venugopala Rao Naidu. ...

Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry and a town in that district. ... Socialism is any economic system in which the means of production are owned and controlled collectively or a political philosophy advocating such a system. ...

Revenue administration in colonial era

See also: French Indian Rupee

After the French took over the establishment from the British (1816), they brought forward some legislation to regulate the system of farming and to improve the status of cultivation. An Ordonnance Royale issued on 25 October 1826 legislated that lands were perpetually farmed out to Europeans or their descendants. The farmer with the help of the ecrivain (Village Administrative Officer) had to draw up every year a contract called patta stating the extent of lands cultivated by the ryot and taxes due on such land. The pattas were then registered in the Bureau du Domaine. Known as FIr it was introduced by the french domination in india --61. ... Image File history File links French1rupee. ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ...


The ordinance of 25 October 1826 was repealed by the ordinance of 7 June 1828 to regulate the ownership of lands and collection of land tax. This is the basic and primordial law to which one has to refer even now for matters relating to the origin of land ownership. The ordinance put forth a fourfold classification of the lands and provided for the payment of tax directly to the domaine but did not envisage any major deviation from the old principle that gave the king the exclusive right over the land. Hence, the Commission d'Agriculture et de commerce constituted in the year 1848 recommended a remission of tax and conferment of ownership rights to cultivators. An arrete was issued on 19 February 1853 to give a general remission of tax. October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


The Arrete of 6 November 1889 laid down the conditions for establishment of a Bureau du cadastre in the offices of Services des contributions to deal with administrative aspects of survey work. The land records prepared during the French regime were plan parcellaire, tableau synoptique, matrice cadastrale, etc.[8] November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Cession of Yanam

Main article: Coup d'État de Yanaon
Hosting the first Indian national flag in yanam in 1954

Actually, Yanam had an extremely dominant pro-French atmosphere prevailing in its people and its leaders. But in due course of time due to nationalist struggle by some leaders, conditions became intolerable in Yanam after its mayor and other representatives of Yanam adopted the merger resolution. The Mayor Maddimsetti Satyanandam, deputy mayor, and over 200 people took refuge in the adjacent areas of the Indian Union. Then 78 year old Samatam Krouschnaya became Acting Mayor of Yanam. On Sunday 13 June 1954, Indian police came into action. They along with the pro-merger leaders hired hoodlums from Yanam assaulted refugees on Indian soil. It was then that the refugees marched into Yanam under the leadership of Dadala Raphael Ramanayya and aided by then Maire De Yanaon, Monsieur Madimchetty Satianarayanamourty alias Satia and took over the administration. After hoisting the Indian National Flag, they formed the revolutionary provisional government of Yanam headed by Dadala Raphael Ramanayya and adopted a resolution declaring "Yanaon A Libéré" (Yanam liberated). The coup d’etat of Yanam was announced by All India Radio and Press.[9] now. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x805, 226 KB) Very rare photograph. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x805, 226 KB) Very rare photograph. ... A Francophile is a non-French person who has a strong interest in, or admiration for French culture. ... The Republic of India is a large country in South Asia, and one of only two countries in the world with a population of over one billion. ... June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... // Monsieur Dadala Monsieur Dadala Raphael Ramanayya was born on 30 June 1908 to a poor farm coolie Dadala Bhairvaswamy and his wife Ramanamma and grew up to become a prominent freedom fighter from Yanam and was key figure who is instrumental in the merger of Yanam into the Indian Union. ... ... A provisional government is an emergency or interim government set up when a political void has been created by the collapse of a previous administration or regime. ... // Monsieur Dadala Monsieur Dadala Raphael Ramanayya was born on 30 June 1908 to a poor farm coolie Dadala Bhairvaswamy and his wife Ramanamma and grew up to become a prominent freedom fighter from Yanam and was key figure who is instrumental in the merger of Yanam into the Indian Union. ... // All India Radio (AIR for short), officially known as Akashwani (Devanagari: आकाशवाणी, ākāshvānÄ«) is the radio broadcaster of India and a division of Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India), an autonomous corporation of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. ...

Preceded by
French Colonial Empire
French Establishment of Yanam
(de-facto not recognized by France)

181513 June 1954
Succeeded by
Provisional Government of Yanam
French Establishment of Yanam
(de-facto)

18151 November 1954
Succeeded by
India
French Establishment of Yanam
(de-jure)

181516 August 1962
Succeeded by
India

After the coup d'etat, the last administrator of Yanam, George Sala was recalled by André Ménard, then Governor General of Pondicherry in June 1954.-1... Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry and a town in that district. ... Look up De facto in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A provisional government is an emergency or interim government set up when a political void has been created by the collapse of a previous administration or regime. ... Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry and a town in that district. ... Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry and a town in that district. ... Look up De facto in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry and a town in that district. ... Look up De jure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The terms de jure and de facto are used instead of in principle and in practice, respectively, when one is describing political situations. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... André Ménard was Governor General in French Colonial Empire in 20th century. ... A Governor-General (in Canada always, and frequently in India prior to the abolition of the last monarchy, Governor General) is most generally a governor of high rank, or a principal governor ranking above ordinary governors [1]. The most common contemporary usage of the term is to refer to the...


Aftermath of liberation

Dadala Taking ceremonial salute at the parade of Freedom Forces as the head of the provisional Government after liberating Yanam in June 1954. To his Right are Messrs.Mayor Madimsetti and Kamichetty
Dadala Taking ceremonial salute at the parade of Freedom Forces as the head of the provisional Government after liberating Yanam in June 1954. To his Right are Messrs.Mayor Madimsetti and Kamichetty

The Yanam coup d'etat had enraged the French authorities of Pondicherry. Rumours were spread to the effect that the French government were despatching a cruiser to Yanam to capture Merger leaders and to re-establish their authority. After the coup, the last administrator of Yanam, George Sala was recalled by André Ménard, then Governor General of Pondicherry in June 1954.[10] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 1972 KB) Source:Scanned from the autobiography of shri Dadala Raphael Ramanayya My Struggle for the freedom of french provinces in india I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 1972 KB) Source:Scanned from the autobiography of shri Dadala Raphael Ramanayya My Struggle for the freedom of french provinces in india I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser (really an uprated guided missile destroyer), launched in 1992. ... Look up Administration in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... André Ménard was Governor General in French Colonial Empire in 20th century. ... Map of Pondicherry Region, Union Territory of Pondicherry, India Pondicherry (Tamil:புதுவை,Hindi: पॉण्डिचेरी) is a Union Territory of India. ...


Monsieur Dadala was also appointed as Acting Commissioner for Yanam for 14 days. Towards the end of June 1954, Sri Kewal Singh paid a visit to Yanam and requested Dadala's return to Pondicherry to continue his activities there. On 3 July, on Kewal Singh’s request, Dadala left Yanam, after making all arrangements for its proper administration. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ...


De facto transfer

Yanam remained under French control till June 13, 1954, when it joined the Republic of India by Indian military action. On November 1, 1954, after long years of freedom struggle the four enclaves of Pondicherry, Yanam, Mahe, and Karikal were de facto transferred to the Indian Union. June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: India geography stubs | Pondicherry ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... The Republic of India is a large country in South Asia, and one of only two countries in the world with a population of over one billion. ...

Dadala With Prime Minister Nehru delivering a speech at the maidan of Gorimedu after the transfer of French Settlements into India
Dadala With Prime Minister Nehru delivering a speech at the maidan of Gorimedu after the transfer of French Settlements into India

The Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru had visited Pondicherry on 16 January 1955. Messrs Edouard Goubert, S. Perumal, Dadala and Sri Pakirisamy Pillai presented addresses to Pandit Nehru in a public meeting in the maidan of Gorimedu. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 1971 KB) Source:Scanned from the autobiography of shri Dadala Raphael Ramanayya My Struggle for the freedom of french provinces in india I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 1971 KB) Source:Scanned from the autobiography of shri Dadala Raphael Ramanayya My Struggle for the freedom of french provinces in india I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Jawaharlal Nehru (Hindi: , IPA: ) (November 14, 1889 – May 27, 1964) was a senior political leader of the Indian National Congress, was a pivotal figure during the Indian independence movement and served as the first Prime Minister of the Republic of India. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Edouard Goubert (July 29, 1894 to August 14, 1897) was former mayor and first chief minister of Pondichéry between July 1, 1963 - September 11, 1964. ...


Treaty of cession

A treaty of cession was signed by the two countries on 28 May 1956[11]. The de jure transfer was delayed until the end of the Algerian War. The treaty was ratified by the French parliament in May 1962. On August 16, 1962 (De Jure Day) India and France exchanged the instruments of ratification under which France ceded to India full sovereignty over the territories it held. May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Look up De jure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The terms de jure and de facto are used instead of in principle and in practice, respectively, when one is describing political situations. ... The Algerian War of Independence (1954–62) was a period of guerrilla strikes, maquis fighting, terrorism against civilians on both sides, and riots between the French army and colonists in Algeria and the FLN (Front de Libération Nationale) and other pro-independence Algerians. ... The Parlement of France is bicameral, and consists of the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) and the Senate (Sénat). ... May is the fifth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ...


De jure transfer

Treaty of cession was signed by the two countries in May 1956 was ratified by the French parliament in May 1962. On August 16, 1962 India and France exchanged the instruments of ratification under which France ceded to India full sovereignty over the territories it held. The Parlement of France is bicameral, and consists of the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) and the Senate (Sénat). ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... Ratification includes the process of adopting an international treaty by the legislature, a constitution, or another nationally binding document (such as an amendment to a constitution) by the agreement of multiple sub-national entities. ...


Merger in Pondicherry U.T

Puducherry and the other enclaves of Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam came to be administered as the Union Territory of Pondicherry from July 1, 1963. Map of Puducherry Region, Union Territory of Puducherry, India Puducherry (Tamil: புதுச்சேரி / புதுவை)   (formerly Pondicherry) is a Union Territory of India. ... Karaikal, also Karikal, is one of the four regions of the Union Territory of Pondicherry. ... Categories: India geography stubs | Pondicherry ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ...


Date of events

Inde française
Colony Liberation de-facto transfer Treaty of Cession de-jure transfer Merger
Pondichéry - 1 November 1954 28 May 1956 16 August 1963 1 July 1963
Chandernagore - 26 June 1949 28 February 1951 9 June 1952 1 October 1954
Karikal - 1 November 1954 28 May 1956 16 August 1963 1 July 1963
Mahé 16 June 1954 1 November 1954 28 May 1956 16 August 1963 1 July 1963
Yanaon 13 June 1954 1 November 1954 28 May 1956 16 August 1963 1 July 1963

French India is highlighted in light blue on the subcontinent. ... Map of Pondicherry Region, Union Territory of Pondicherry, India Pondicherry is a Union Territory of India. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Chandannagar, formerly known as Chandernagore or Chandernagar, is a city in India. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: India geography stubs | Pondicherry | Cities and towns in India ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Mahé, also known as Mayyazhi, is a former French colony in India. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry and a town in that district. ... June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ...

French nationality

See also: French nationality law

After the liberation the French government offered citizenship to the people living in colonies of French India, i.e., Pondichéry, Mahé, Karikal and Yanaon. Actually, French law made it easy for thousands of colons, ethnic or national French from former colonies of North and East Africa, India and Indochina to live in mainland France. Nearly 50,000 Tamil people chose French nationality. It has been suggested that French citizenship and identity be merged into this article or section. ... French India is highlighted in light blue on the subcontinent. ... Map of Pondicherry Region, Union Territory of Pondicherry, India Pondicherry is a Union Territory of India. ... Mahé, also known as Mayyazhi, is a former French colony in India. ... Categories: India geography stubs | Pondicherry | Cities and towns in India ... Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry and a town in that district. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Indochina, or the Indochinese Peninsula, is a region in Southeast Asia. ... The Tamil people are an ethnic group from the Indian subcontinent with a recorded history going back more than two millennia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into French nationality law. ...


In Yanam some 10,000 people chose French nationality. Among those people, we find especially Kapus and Muslims who utilised it fruitfully. Today nearly 120 to 150 Telugu families live in France. Today still we can find some 60 French nationals who are taking French pension (In Telugu, Guddi Pinchanu) in Yanam. Kapu (Telugu:కాపు)is a community found mainly in the Southern Indian State of Andhra Pradesh they are also concentrated in States like Tamil Nadu,Karnataka and Orissa. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... A pension is a steady income given to a person (usually after retirement). ... Look up telugu in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Court House (Palais de justice)

The Court building is situated in a very ancient white monument building of French architect It is called as Palais de justice (Court House) and located at Thiagaraja Street, Yanam to the next of Municipality building. The building consists of two floors. The ground floor is the court and the first floor is the residential quarters of the Judge. The building was renovated in the year of 1967 and inaugurated by Thiru S.L. Silam, the then Hon’ble Lt. Governor of Pondicherry. Court House is a Washington Metro station in Arlington County, Virginia on the Orange Line. ... S.L.Silam was First Lt. ... Pondicherry is a Union Territory of India, not a separate State, which implies that the governance and administration of the territory falls directly under the federal authority in New Delhi. ...


Colonial era

Yanam Judicial Magistrate Court is a very ancient court formed prior to the French domain i.e. before 1725 while Yanam was as a Dutch colony. The Judicial Magistrate Court was existing then. Dutch India refers to the Dutch colonial possessions on the Indian subcontinent, while Dutch Indies refers to the far wider notions of the Dutch West Indies (in the Americas) and especially the Dutch East Indies (mainly present Indonesia, the colonial jewel in the Dutch crown, confusingly often informally called Indi...


Subsequently while this area came under the French on the reorganization of French domain in 1725 the same court has been converted as French Court under French Law as a Judicial Court. Both civil and criminal cases tried here.


After Independence

After Independence, this court was converted as an Indian Court as a Judicial Magistrate Court, Yanam in 1956, whereas, the Regional Administrative Officer of Yanam was the Judge of the court having both executive and judicial powers on civil and criminal cases.


After bifurcation of the judiciary, this court came under a separate Judicial Department of Government of Puducherry and under the administration of the Hon’ble High Court, Madras and it was termed as Judicial First Class Magistrate Court cum District Munsif Court. Subsequently under the reform by the Hon’ble High Court, Madras, the Yanam was upgraded to that of Subordinate Judge (Civil Judge-Senior Division)/Assistant Sessions Judge cum Judicial Magistrate of I Class in the year 2000. Now because of this upgradation, all the civil cases upto the pecuniary jurisdiction of Rs.5.00 lakhs are triable by this court, in criminal side, this court has got jurisdiction to try all cases up to 307 IPC except cases having death sentence. Further this court is empowered to deal with the motor accident claims, family cases, LAOPs (Land Acquisition of Puducherry), etc. The Madras High Court, one of the landmarks of the metropolis of Chennai, and believed to be the second largest judicial complex in the world, is located near the Parrys Corner, one of the important central business districts of Chennai. ... Madras refers to: the Indian city of Chennai, formerly known as Madras, the former Indian state, now known as Tamil Nadu (Plural of Madra): Ancient people of Iranian affinites, who lived in northwest Panjab in the Uttarapatha division of ancient India. ... A lakh (Hindi: लाख, Urdu: Ù„Ú©Ú¾, Bengali: , Tamil : இலட்சம்) also spelled lac, lacs, lacks, laksha, or lectcham (in Tamil) is a unit in the Indian numbering system, widely used both in official and other contexts in Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. ...


Present situation

The Judge of Yanam Court is the Chairman of the Taluk Legal Services Committee of Yanam. Taluk Legal Services Committee is having its members and a regular duty advocate will be periodically posted for attending the grievances of the litigants. This court consists of a Bar Association having 10 members. Even the records from 1900 are available in the record section of this court.[12] A judge or justice is an official who presides over a court. ... For other uses of chair, see chair (disambiguation). ... Categories: Move to Wiktionary | Law stubs | Legal terms ... A bar association is a professional body of lawyers who, in some jurisdictions, are responsible for the regulation of the legal profession. ...


The staff strength of the Yanam court consists of,

Accountant, or Qualified Accountant, or Professional Accountant, or Accountancy Practitioner, is an accountancy and financial experts legally certified in different jurisdictions to originally worked only in public practices, selling advice and services to other individuals and businesses, but today in addition many work within private corporations, financial industry and government... Shorthand is a writing method that can be done at speed because an abbreviated or symbolic form of language is used. ... The word clerk, derived from the Latin clericus meaning cleric, i. ... The word clerk, derived from the Latin clericus meaning cleric, i. ... A copyist is a person who makes written copies. ... The word peon, derived from the Spanish peón, in its root connoting a person who is on foot rather than mounted (see caballero), and the derivation peonage are English words which have a variety of related meanings: In Spanish-speaking countries, especially those in Latin America, where the hacienda...

Famous people in colonial Yanaon

First Laurel Poet of Andhra, Chellapilla Venkata Kavi (1870-1950), One of the duo of the famous Tirupati Venkata Kavulu lived here. Many poets such as the late Villa Reddi Naidu, V.Venkataswami Naidu. Some important politicians include Kanakala Tatayya Naidou and Md. Abdul Razzaq. Andhra Pradesh (ఆంధర దేశం), a state in South India, lies between 12°41 and 22°N latitude and 77° and 84°40E longitude . ... Tirupati Venkata Kavulu refers to the Telugu poet duo Divakarla Tirupati Sastry (1872-1919) and Chellapilla Venkata Sastry (1870-1950). ...

French Gouverneur Général and Madimchetty, Mayor of Yanam at Manyam Zamindar House in 1940s
French Gouverneur Général and Madimchetty, Mayor of Yanam at Manyam Zamindar House in 1940s

Samatam Krouschnaya (Samatam Krishnayya) lived here in Yanam and wrote many books in Telugu. Monsieur Samatam was a pro-French activist. He was Acting Mayor of Yanaon during merger struggle and he was a person of great and unique qualities. He was killed at the age of 78 by Indian military while Yanam being seized during Coup d'État de Yanaon. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x805, 336 KB) Very old and rare photo. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x805, 336 KB) Very old and rare photo. ... // Monsieur Samatam Krishnayya (Samatam Krouschnaya) was born in Yanam in and around 1875. ... Look up telugu in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Military branches: Indian Army, Indian Navy (including naval air arm), Air Force, various security or paramilitary forces (includes Border Security Force, Assam Rifles, Rashtriya Rifles, National Security Guards, Indo-Tibetan Border Police, Special Frontier Force, Central Reserve Police Force, Defense Security Corps and several other units) and the Strategic Forces... now. ...


A prominent leader who was instrumental in the merger of Yanam into the Indian Union was Dadala Rafael Ramanayya. He was born in Farampeta and grew up from humble origins to become a key leader of the liberation of Yanam and the other french settlements. He was at the forefront of the strugge to liberate Yanam and facilitate its merger into the indian union. he was leader who led Coup d'État de Yanaon on 13 June 1954 and subsequently functioned as head of its provisional government for some time. // [edit] Birth and Early Life Monsieur Dadala Raphael Ramanayya (Born 30 June 1908) is a prominent freedom fighter from Yanam and was instrumental in the merger of Yanam into the Indian Union. ... now. ...


Another prominent leader who was also key player in the merger of Yanam into the Indian Union was Monsieur Mayor Madimchetty Satianandam. He grown to prominence in yanam politics during 1940s and after the election of 1948, he was elected as mayor of yanam. Unfortunately, when he swiched to pro-merger camp headed by Monsieur Dadala, his home got pillaged by people. Aftermath liberation, his involvement in yanam politics reduced gradually. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ...


Famous politician of Yanam in early 20th century, Bezawada Bapa Naidou was Mayor of Yanam. He was a humble and powerful politician in his times. Unfortunately, he was murdered in Pondicherry. After his death his faction became weak and even his siblings were also not able to continue in Yanam politics as he did. Bezawada Bapa Naidou was First Mayor of Yanam. ...

French Commissaire and Madimchetty, Mayor of Yanam in 1940s
French Commissaire and Madimchetty, Mayor of Yanam in 1940s

One of Bapa Naidou's councillors in the "Conseil Municipal de Yanaon" was Monsieur Diwan Bouloussou Soubramaniam Sastroulou (Former Conseiller Municipal et local de Yanaon). He was very prominent personality and loyal follower of Bapa Naidou. Monsieur Bouloussou had been one of "Les jurys de Yanaon" and even he worked as Diwan for "Manyam Zamindar" before being elected as Councilor. He was one of the very rare genuine and humble politicians of his time. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x800, 318 KB) Very old and rare photo. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x800, 318 KB) Very old and rare photo. ... // [edit] Introduction Muncipalité de Yanaon (Yanam Municipality) was created by a French Metropolitan Decree dated March 12th 1880. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Monsieur Diwan Soubramaniam Sastroulou was one of Bezawada Bapa Naidoos 7 councilors in the Conseil Municipal de Yanaon. He was very prominent personality and loyal follower of Bapa Naidoo. ...


Bezawada Bapa Naidou's bitter opponent The Grand Old Man of Yanam, Kamichetty Venougopala Rao Naidou was also a famous leader and had been active in politics in French Yanaon. After death of Bapa Naidou, he became Mayor of Yanam (Maire de Yanaon) and even his family became very dominant in Yanam politics for at least 50 years thence. Kamichetty Venougopala Rao Naidou better known as The Grand Old Man of Yanaon was Mayor and MLA of Yanaon during French rule in first half of 20th Century. ...


Venugopala Rao Naidou's son Kamichetty Sri Parassourama Varaprassada Rao Naidu (former MLA and Speaker, Pondicherry) dominated Yanam politics after its independence for almost four decades. He was elected as MLA more than five times and even had been speaker for Pondicherry. He was a very influential figure in Yanam politics until his death. Kamichetty Sri Parassourama Varaprassada Rao Naidu was the son of Former Maire de Yanaon, Kamichetty Venugopala Rao Naidu. ... A Member of Legislative Assembly, or MLA, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to the Legislature of a State in the Indian system of government. ... It has been suggested that Speakers of the House be merged into this article or section. ...


Present situation of administration

Local administration

See also: Pondicherry Municipal Council

Following the introduction of the Pondicherry Municipalities Act, 1973, four municipalities came into existence in Pondicherry, Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam towns. The entities of Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam communes formed the municipalities of Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam. Under the new law, all functions excluding those which were assigned to the Chairman, i.e., those which were hitherto exercised by the Mayor appointed under the municipal decree came to be exercised by the Commissioner. The Mayors were also relieved of their day-to-day administrative responsibilities enabling them to be in greater contact with the public. Commissioners were appointed as the Chief Executive Heads of the Municipalities, in different ranks according to the grade of the municipalities. Pondicherry had had French system of municipal administration since 1880 and till the last poll held in 1968. ... Map of Pondicherry Region, Union Territory of Pondicherry, India Pondicherry (Tamil:புதுவை,Hindi: पॉण्डिचेरी) is a Union Territory of India. ... Karaikal, also Karikal, is one of the four regions of the Union Territory of Pondicherry. ... Categories: India geography stubs | Pondicherry ... For other uses of chair, see chair (disambiguation). ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Commissioner is a designation that may be used for a variety of official positions, especially referring to a high-ranking public (administrative or police) official, or an analogous official in the private sector (e. ...

Organigramme of Yanam Municipality
Organigramme of Yanam Municipality

At present Yanam Municipality is comprised of 10 municipal wards, Image File history File links Organigramme_of_Yanam_Municipality. ... Image File history File links Organigramme_of_Yanam_Municipality. ...

  • Mettakur
  • Ambedkar Nagar
  • Vishnalayam
  • Pillaraya
  • Giriumpeta
  • Farampeta
  • Pydikondala
  • Pedapudi
  • Aghraharam
  • Kanakalapeta

Legislative Administration

See also: Pondicherry Legislative Assembly
Map of Yanam Constituency
Map of Yanam Constituency

As the people aspired for a popular government, the Indian Parliament enacted the Government of Union Territories Act, 1963 that came into force on 1 July 1963, and the pattern of Government prevailing in the rest of the country was introduced in this territory also, but subject to certain limitations. Under Article 239 of the Indian Constitution, the President of India appoints an Administrator with such designation as he may specify to head the administration of the territory. // The Union Territory of Pondicherry comprising of four enclaves namely, Pondicherry (Pondichéry), Karaikal (Karikal), Mahe (Mahé) and Yanam (Yanaon) that were ruled by French before independence. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1800x900, 249 KB) A old map from Town Planning Department, Yanam. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1800x900, 249 KB) A old map from Town Planning Department, Yanam. ... The Parliament of India is bicameral. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... The Constitution of India, the worlds lengthiest written constitution (with 395 articles and 8 schedules) was passed by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949. ...


Yanam was allocated with one seat in Pondicherry Legislative Assembly. From 1964 to 1989, Kamichetty Sri Parassourama Varaprassada Rao Naidu held this constituency as his pocket borough until his death without facing any challenge in winning the seat consecutively in 1964 (INC), 1969 (IND), 1974 (IND), 1977 (JP), 1980 (IND) and in 1985 (INC). Present MLA of Yanam was Thiru. Malladi Krishna Rao. // The Union Territory of Pondicherry comprising of four enclaves namely, Pondicherry (Pondichéry), Karaikal (Karikal), Mahe (Mahé) and Yanam (Yanaon) that were ruled by French before independence. ... Kamichetty Sri Parassourama Varaprassada Rao Naidu was the son of Former Maire de Yanaon, Kamichetty Venugopala Rao Naidu. ... --207. ... In politics, an independent is a politician who is not affiliated with any political party. ... The Janata Party (Peoples Party in Hindi) was an Indian political party that contested the Indian Emergency (1975-77) and became the first political party to defeat the Indian National Congress in the 1977 elections, forming the national government from 1977 to 1980. ... A Member of Legislative Assembly, or MLA, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to the Legislature of a State in the Indian system of government. ...


Culture

Yanam has a mixed culture of French and Dravidian. People of Yanam are more polite and respectable. The people of Yanam are very generous and well cultured. Even in France, we can easily distinguish the Yanam Telugu people from the other kinds of Telugu immigrants because of their historical presence of double cultural influence. Even we enter Yanam, we see Soyez le bien venue displayed (by Govt of Pondicherry) and when leaving Merci Bien. South India is a geographic and linguistic-cultural region of India. ...


Official languages

Official languages of Yanam are Telugu, French and Tamil. Look up telugu in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Tamil (தமிழ் ) is a classical language and one of the major languages of the Dravidian language family. ...

  • Telugu: It is also an official language of Pondicherry but used only when communicating within Telugu district (Yanam). So, more correctly it is considered as regional official language of Pondicherry while being official language of Yanam District.
  • French: It is also official language of Pondicherry Union territory. Though it was official language of French India (1673–1954), its official language status was preserved by Traité de Cession (Treaty of Cession) signed by India and France on 28 May 1956. It remained as de jure official language of Pondicherry U.T by the Article XXVIII of Traité de Cession which states that[13],
    • La français restera langue officielle des Établissements aussi longtemps que les répresentants élus de la population n'auront pas pris une decision différente (Version Française)
    • The French language shall remain the official language of the Establishments so long as the elected representatives of the people shall not decide otherwise (English version)
  • Tamil is de-jure official language and is used occasionally.

Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry and a town in that district. ... An official language is a language that is given a privileged legal status in a state, or other legally-defined territory. ... French India is highlighted in light blue on the subcontinent. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Look up De jure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The terms de jure and de facto are used instead of in principle and in practice, respectively, when one is describing political situations. ...

Places to visit

Overview of Yanam
Overview of Yanam

Yanam has got a very beautiful view. It is covered withful of coconut trees. We can have fresh iodinised air since it is located over the banks of the Gauthami Godavari River. Humidity is high in this region. This river Gauthami Godavari is one of the main branches of the river Godavari. It enters the Bay of Bengal after crossing around 12 Kms. Image File history File links Overview_of_Yanam. ... Image File history File links Overview_of_Yanam. ... The Godavari River, adjacent to the town of Kovvur This article is about Godavari River in India. ... A map showing the location of the Bay of Bengal. ...


Yanam Ferry Road was inaugurated by the Hon'ble Chief Minister of Pondicherry Shri R.V.Janaki Raman on 11.1.2000. Now, there is a proposal for making the Ferry Road very beautiful by putting important person's idols on the footpath of this road. The Pride of Rotterdam, One of the P&O Ferriess Flagships operating the Hull-Rotterdam Route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and sometimes their vehicles, on scheduled services. ... A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ...


Important temples nearer to Yanam

Annavaram

Main article: Annavaram
Annavaram Temple
Annavaram Temple

The Lord Satyanarayana Swamy's Temple is located in the Annavaram. It is around 80 km from Yanam towards East. It is very famous for performing Vrathams especially for newly married couples for getting blessings from the Lord Satyanarayana Swamy. It is the second important Temple in Andhra Pradesh after Tirupati. The prasadam offered to the devotees has a wonderful taste and it is said that it cannot be replicated. The meaning of Anna-varam is as follows. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 127 KB) A picture of the entrance gopuram of Sri Satyanarayana Swamy temple. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 127 KB) A picture of the entrance gopuram of Sri Satyanarayana Swamy temple. ... The meaning of Anna-varam is as follows. ... Andhra Pradesh  : (Telugu: ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్, Urdu: آندھرا پردیش, IPA: ), is a state in South India. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Draksharamam

Main article: Draksharamam

It is one of the Jyothirlingas in India. The Shiva here is called Bheemeswara Swamy. The height of the Linga is around 14 Ft. and it is one of the oldest temples in India. People say that it was constructed by the Devathas. There is one more temple called Manikyamabika Devi Temple in the campus of this Temple. It is one of the Ashtadasa Pithas in India. It is very famous as it has the Sakthi Chakra and the Parvathi Goddess is sitting on this Chakra. It is around 16 Kms from Yanam. There are frequent buses running from Yanam to Draksharamam. Draksharama is one of the Pancharama Kshetras which is located at Draksharamam town near Kakinada city in East Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh in South India. ... Draksharama is one of the Pancharama Kshetras which is located at Draksharamam town near Kakinada city in East Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh in South India. ...


Pithapuram

Main article: Pithapuram

Padagaya Temple is one of the oldest temples in India. It is also called Dakshina Kasi. The Shiva is in the form of Cock shape. We can see the padas of the Gaya Rakshas here. It is very famous temple. The shiva is called "Kukkuteswara Swamy" and the Parvathi is called "Raja Rajeswari". The Nandi infront of the Shiva Linga is vert famous and it has the liveness in it. There is one Durga Temple in the campus of this temple which is also one of the AshtaDasa Pithas of Durga Goddess. The Pitham of the Lord Goddess is lying here and hence the name comes "Puruhuthika Devi" and the town is called as "Pithapuram". There is also one more temple of Shri Dattatreya Swamy in this Temple Campus. It is very famous as the Dattatreya's next incarnation is Shri Pada Vallabha Swamy was born in Pithapuram only. It became very famous and people from all over India especially from West and Notheren side of India used to come Pithapuram to have the Darshanam of these Lords. It is around 50 kms from yanam Region. Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


Festivals

Rathotsavam

Front View of Ratham, Yanam
Front View of Ratham, Yanam

The Venkanna Babu Festival will be celebrated in the month of March every year by the people of Yanam in very grand manner. The festival will be continued for one month. Lord Venkateswara Kalyanam is the main day of the festival. Ponnavahanam (Last Vahanam), Ratha yatra (Rathotsavam) and Chakratirtham are the important events of the festival. In these days nearly 1.5 lakhs of devotees will come to Yanam to take the grace of the Lord Venkanna Babu. Image File history File links Yanam_Venkanna_Babu_Ratham_2. ... Image File history File links Yanam_Venkanna_Babu_Ratham_2. ...


History of Ratham

The Ratham was built in 1950 by the then Committee under then Assemblée Répresentative, Kanakala Tatayya Naidou. The Ratham weight is around 15 tonnes. It was partially damaged to the heavy cyclone in November 1996 . It was renovated in 1998. This Ratham was carried through out entire Yanam Town in earlier days. After the electrification works, this route is limited from Chinna Center to the Kotha Bus Stand. It will be carried out by only the devotees with full of slogans, bhajans. The Govt of Pondicherry declares Holiday for on this special event.


Catholic festival

From then, every year in March, a major festival is being celebrated. Devotees from various neighbouring places used to come here and worship the Lord Mariamma. The very remarkable thing is that the devotees are not only from the Christians but also Muslims, Hindus and other religions. Mary may refer to: // Blessed Virgin Mary, the Catholic and Orthodox conception of the mother of Christ Gospel of Mary, Christian text Mary, mother of John Mark, one of the earliest of Jesus disciples Mary, sister of Lazarus, follower of Jesus Mary, the wife of Cleopas, one of various Marys...


Fête de Pondichéry

Fête de Pondichéry is a three-day annual cultural festival conducted by Department of Art and Culture of Govt of Pondicherry. It is celebrated by people of all walks of life.


Brahmotsavam

It was conducted for Lord Venkanna Babu in Yanam during September/October which resembles Tirupati Brahmotsavam. It is a 10-day festival which attracts millions of crowds from surrounding villages of Yanam. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Brahmotsavam which is celebrated on grand scale for nine days in september, attracting pilgrims and tourists from all parts of the country at tirumala. ...


Places of worship

Venkanna Babu Temple, Yanam
Venkanna Babu Temple, Yanam

Image File history File links Yanam_Venkanna_Babu_Gudi. ... Image File history File links Yanam_Venkanna_Babu_Gudi. ...

Venkanna Babu Temple

A famous Vishnu Temple is present in the Vishnalayam street of Yanam named Alivelu Manga Sametha Shri Venkateswara Alayam. The God is well known as "Venkanna Babu", "Chaldikudu Venkanna" and "Meesala Venkanna". The speciality of the Temple is the Swamy Idol is having big mustaches like the Lord Sathyanarayana Swamy of Annavaram.This temple was built by the Chalukya kings of Rajamahendravaram, now called as "Rajahmundry" in 15th Century. Now, We can see the sculptures of those period in this temple. The meaning of Anna-varam is as follows. ... The Chalukya dynasty (Kannada: ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯರು) was a powerful Indian royal dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th century C.E. They began to assert their independence at the decline of the Satavahana empire and rapidly rose to prominence during the reign of... Rajahmundry or Rajamundry (రాజహ్మండ్రి in Telugu) is a major city in East Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh state of southern India. ...


The Venkanna Babu Temple had been very famous for performing Child Marriages in pre independence tenure. Due to the dedicated efforts by the Social Reformer, Shri Raja Ram Mohun Roy, the "Sarada Act" (prevention of Child Marriages") was implemented by the then British Govt. in India. Indian reformer Ram Mohan Roy died in Bristol, England, where this statue of him stands. ...


As the Yanam Region is under the control of French rule, the people from the nearby State, used to come this Temple for performing the Child Marriages. Even the people from the Madras, Hyderabad and other long distant places, also came to Yanam for their Child Marriages. Daily, some thousands of marriages were performed in this temple. Hence, Yanam was also called as "KALYANA PURAM". Madras refers to: the Indian city of Chennai, formerly known as Madras, the former Indian state, now known as Tamil Nadu (Plural of Madra): Ancient people of Iranian affinites, who lived in northwest Panjab in the Uttarapatha division of ancient India. ... Hyderabad   or Haydarābād // (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు,Urdu: حیدر آباد ) is the capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ...

Mosque, Yanam
Mosque, Yanam

Image File history File links Yanam_Mosque. ... Image File history File links Yanam_Mosque. ...

Grand Mosque

The site for the mosque was donated by the French Government in 1848. At that time a small mosque was constructed. Then in 1956, the same was remodelled. The same was demolished in 1978 and a new mosque was constructed.


Now, in 1999-2000 the mosque was extended as the Grand Mosque. At present around 200 persons can pray in the mosque. Every year, Ramzan, Bakrid, Milad un Nabi functions will be clebrated grandly. The mosque covers the people of nearby villages like Thallarevu, Kolanka, Sunkarapalem which are in the adjacent State Andhra Pradesh. Ramadan or Ramadhan (Arabic: رمضان ) is the ninth month of the Islamic year. ... Eid ul-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى ‘Īd al-’Aḍḥā) occurs on the tenth day of the Islamic month of Dhul Hijja. ... A Mawlid is a traditional celebration in the Islamic world of the birth date of a Muslim saint. ... Andhra Pradesh  : (Telugu: ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్, Urdu: آندھرا پردیش, IPA: ), is a state in South India. ...


Catholic church

Church, Yanam

The monument of the Catholic French rulers is the remembrance of the French Rulers is linked with this church. This church is named as St.Ann's Catholic Church. This church was built under European style. The furniture, decoration articles were imported from France. This church was built in 1846 by the French missionaries. The foundation stone was laid down by Father Michel Lecnam and he died in the year April 30, 1836 without completion of the church work. For his remembrance a culvert was fixed in this church. The church work was completed in the year 1846. There is another special attraction in this church is that a hill temple was built in this premises of the church by the French rulers, and there is another hill temple behind the church which was built by the English engineers. Image File history File links Government_Road,_Yanam. ... Image File history File links Government_Road,_Yanam. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ... October 2, Charles Darwin returns from his voyage around the world. ... A culvert is a flowing body of water which passes underneath a road, railway, or embankment, or the part thereof that does so. ...


There was an history behind this hill was that in 1943 a ship named Villiam B. Augustus, was thrown to a sand island due to heavy cyclone. Though they tried hard to rescue the ship consisting of 1000 tonnes by using all manpower, it was in vain. The ship stayed for one year in the same place without an inch of movement. At that time, one engineer by name E.H. Swini was deputed from America[disambiguation needed] for this purpose. He also tried and came to a conclusion that this task would not be possible with manpower. And he worshipped the Lord Mary Maa (Mariayamma in Telugu) and all of sudden the ship moved from the sand island. In tribute of the Lord Mary, the engineer and his wife constructed this church in Yanam. This history can also be seen now in the hill temple behind this church.[14] // America usually means either: The Americas, the lands and regions of the Western hemisphere, usually divided into North America and South America The United States of America America, Netherlands América, Buenos Aires in Argentina 916 America, a minor planet of the solar system hehehehe haha hehehehe HAHA heheheheHAHAHAAAAA America... Shortcut: WP:D or WP:DAB Disambiguation in Wikipedia and Wikimedia is the process of resolving the conflict that occurs when articles about two or more different topics have the same natural title. ...


References

  1. ^ La Gazette de l'Etat de Pondichéry (Gazette of Pondicherry)
  2. ^ La Gazette de l'Etat de Pondichéry
  3. ^ La Gazette de I'Etat de Pondichéry
  4. ^ La Gazette de l'Etat de Pondichéry
  5. ^ La Gazette de l'Etat de Pondichéry
  6. ^ Future of French India, by Russel H. Fifield
  7. ^ La Gazette de l'Etat de Pondichéry
  8. ^ www.pon.nic.in
  9. ^ "My Struggle for freedom of French Provinces in India" autobiography written by Sri Dadala Raphael Ramanayya
  10. ^ "My Struggle for freedom of French Provinces in India" autobiography written by Sri Dadala Raphael Ramanayya
  11. ^ Traité de Cession, 1956
  12. ^ www.yanam.nic.in
  13. ^ Traité de Cession, 1956
  14. ^ www.yanam.nic.in

See also

Many interrelated political, cultural,socio-economic and geographical factors contributed to the liberation of French Establishments in India. ... // [edit] Introduction Though the French established colonies in India in seventeeth century itself, it was not untill during the end of 19th Century they started civil administration in French India. ... The Lok Sabha constituency of Pondicherry covers the entire area of the Union Territory of Pondicherry. ... // The Union Territory of Pondicherry comprising of four enclaves namely, Pondicherry (Pondichéry), Karaikal (Karikal), Mahe (Mahé) and Yanam (Yanaon) that were ruled by French before independence. ... // [edit] Introduction Pondicherry had had French system of municipal administration since 1880 and till the last poll held in 1968. ... // [edit] Introduction Muncipalité de Yanaon (Yanam Municipality) was created by a French Metropolitan Decree dated March 12th 1880. ... French and other European settlements in India. ... // Monsieur Dadala Monsieur Dadala Raphael Ramanayya was born on 30 June 1908 to a poor farm coolie Dadala Bhairvaswamy and his wife Ramanamma and grew up to become a prominent freedom fighter from Yanam and was key figure who is instrumental in the merger of Yanam into the Indian Union. ... now. ... -1... French India is highlighted in light blue on the subcontinent. ...

External links

  • Official District website of Yanam
  • Future of French India, by Russel H. Fifield (Associate Professor of Political Science at University of Michigan
  • Pravasandhrulu in France: identity and integration by Jonnalagadda Anuradha, France
  • Official website of the Government of the Union Territory of Pondicherry
  • Indian Ministry for External Affairs - 1956 Treaty of Cession
  • THE FRENCH AND PORTUGUESE SETTLEMENTS IN INDIA
  • Tourism in Yanam


Image File history File links Blason_France_moderne. ... Map of the first (light blue) and second (dark blue — plain and hachured) French colonial empires France had colonial possessions, in various forms, from the beginning of the 17th century until the 1960s. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Map of the first (light blue) and second (dark blue — plain and hachured) French colonial empires France had colonial possessions, in various forms, from the beginning of the 17th century until the 1960s. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... The Algerian bay (view from the west). ... Arguin is an island off the west coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin, at 20° 36 N., 16° 27 W. It is 6 km long by 2 broad. ... Location of French West Africa French West Africa (French: ) was a federation of eight French territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Côte dIvoire, Niger, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso) and Dahomey (now Benin). ... Dahomey was a kingdom in Africa, situated in what is now the nation of Benin. ... French Sudan (Fr. ... Map showing the Volta river in Upper Volta Upper Volta (French: ) was the name of the African country now called Burkina Faso. ... French Togoland was a France Mandate territory in West Africa, which later became the Togolese Republic. ... James Island is an island in the Gambia River, 30 km from the river mouth and near Juffure, The Gambia. ... Location of French Equatorial Africa. ... // First settled by Mbuti, Congo was later settled by Bantu groups that also occupied parts of present-day Angola, Gabon, and Democratic Republic of the Congo, forming the basis for ethnic affinities and rivalries among those states. ... Oubangui-Chari, or Ubangi-Shari, was a French territory in central Africa which later became the independent country of the Central African Republic on August 13, 1960. ... Map of Anjouan Anjouan (also known as Ndzuwani or Nzwani) is an island in the Comoros. ... Map of Grand Comore Grand Comore (off-white) in relation to Comoros (light brown) Grande Comore (also known as Ngazidja and Ngasidja, and erroneously as Njazidja) is an island in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Africa. ... Map of Mohéli Mohéli, also known as Mwali, is one of the three islands which make up the nation of Comoros. ... The Republic of Djibouti gained its independence on June 27, 1977. ... Motto: Stella Clavisque Maris Indici  (Latin) Star and Key of the Indian Ocean Anthem: Motherland Capital (and largest city) Port Louis English Government Republic  - President Anerood Jugnauth  - Prime Minister Navinchandra Ramgoolam Independence from the United Kingdom   - Date March 12, 1968   - Republic March 12, 1992  Area  - Total 2,040 km² (179th... Map of the first (light blue) and second (dark blue — plain and hachured) French colonial empires France had colonial possessions, in various forms, from the beginning of the 17th century until the 1960s. ... World map showing the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World consisting of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... Flag Capital Quebec Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King See List of French monarchs Governor See list of Governors Legislature none Historical era Ancien Régime in France  - Royal Control 1655  - Surrender of Quebec 1759  - Surrender of Montreal 1760  - Surrender of claim to British February 10, 1763... The national flag of Acadia, adopted in 1884. ... Louisiana (French: La Louisiane) was the name of an administrative district of New France. ... Newfoundland —   (stress on final syllable; for mispronunciations, see Newfoundland travel guide from Wikitravel)— (French: , Irish: ) is a large island off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Inini (1941 pop. ... Berbice is the Second largest of the three counties in Guyana and is known as the ancient county. ... Saint-Domingue was a French colony from 1697 to 1804 that is today the independent nation of Haiti. ... Castara village beach looking south, Tobago Tobago is the smaller of the two main islands that make up the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. ... The Islands were first settled by Arawak Indians from South America in around 100 BC. They settled the Islands until the 15th century when they were removed by the more aggressive Caribs, a tribe from the Lesser Antilles islands, after whom the Caribbean Sea is named. ... France Antarctique was the name of the failed French colony south of the Equator, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which existed between 1555 and 1567. ... Equinoxial France was the contemporary name given to the colonization efforts of France in the 17th century in South America, around the line of Equator, before tropical had fully gained its modern meaning: Equinoctial means in Latin of equal nights, i. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Map of the first (light blue) and second (dark blue — plain and hachured) French colonial empires France had colonial possessions, in various forms, from the beginning of the 17th century until the 1960s. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... For the fictional superstate in George Orwells novel, see Oceania (Nineteen Eighty-Four). ... French India is highlighted in light blue on the subcontinent. ... Chandannagore Strand: A unique place along the bank of Ganga Chandannagar, formerly known as Chandernagore or Chandernagar (French: Chandernagor), is a small city located 30 kilometers north of Kolkata, in West Bengal, India. ... The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian peninsula. ... The Kapaleeshwarar temple in Mylapore was built by the Pallava kings in the 7th century Chennai (ெசன்னை in Tamil), formerly known as Madras, is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is Indias fourth largest city. ... Bekal Fort Beach, Kerala Malabar (Malayalam: മലബാര്‍ ) is a region of southern India, lying between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea, and comprising the northern half of the state of Kerala. ... Mahé, also known as Mayyazhi, is a former French colony in India. ... Map of Puducherry Region, Union Territory of Puducherry, India Puducherry (Tamil: புதுச்சேரி / புதுவை)   (formerly Pondicherry) is a Union Territory of India. ... Karaikal, also Karikal, is one of the four regions of the Union Territory of Pondicherry. ... French Indochina was a federation of protectorates in Southeast Asia, part of the French colonial empire. ... // French Colonial Occupation In October of 1887, the French announced the formation of the Union Indochinoise (Indochinese Union), which at that time comprised Cambodia, already an autonomous French possession, and the three regions of Vietnam (Tonkin, Annam, and Cochinchina. ... Annam, literally meaning Pacified South, is a region of central Vietnam that fell under Chinese rule in 111 BC as Annan (安南). Known locally as Trung Bá»™, meaning Central Boundary, it was formerly a kingdom the size of Sweden with its capital at Huế. It had been seized by the French... Cochin China (also known as Cochinchina or in French, Cochinchine) was the southernmost part of Vietnam beside Cambodia. ... Tonkin, also spelled Tongkin or Tongking, is the northernmost part of Vietnam, south of Chinas Yunnan and Guangxi Provinces, east of northern Laos, and west of the Gulf of Tonkin. ... French colonial flag of the Alawite State The Alawite State (Arabic: ‎), also known in French as Alaouites, after the locally dominant Alawite sect of Shia Islam, was a French mandate territory in the coastal area of present-day Syria after World War I.[1] // The collapse of the Ottoman... shows the Location of the Province Hatay Flag of the Republic of Hatay (1938-1939) Hatay is a province of southern Turkey, situated between the Mediterranean Sea to the west and Syria to the south and east. ... Kwang-Chou-Wan (廣州灣), or Kwangchowan, was a small enclave on the south coast of China conceded by China to France as a leased territory. ... For the fictional superstate in George Orwells novel, see Oceania (Nineteen Eighty-Four). ... The New Hebrides are an island group in the South Pacific that now form the nation of Vanuatu. ... French and other European settlements in India. ... French overseas departments and territories The French Overseas Departments and Territories (French: départements doutre-mer and territoires doutre-mer or DOM-TOM) consist broadly of French-administered territories outside of Europe. ... Gustavia Harbour, St. ... NASA NLT Landsat 7 (visible color) satellite image of Saint Martin. ... A collectivité doutre-mer (in English Overseas Community) or COM, is an administrative division of France. ... Motto: A Mare Labor(Latin) From the Sea, Work[citation needed] Anthem: La Marseillaise Capital (and largest city) Saint-Pierre French Government  - President of the General Council Stéphane Artano  - Préfet (Prefect) Yves Fauqueur Collectivité doutre-mera of France   - ceded by the UKe 30 May 1814   - Territoire d... ÃŽle Amsterdam IPA: (meaning Amsterdam island, after the Dutch capital) is a French island in the Indian Ocean located at . ... Map of St. ... Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... Basic data Administrative status: district Country: French Southern and Antarctic Lands Capital: Port-aux-Français Population: ca. ... Adélie Land is the portion of the Antarctic coast between Pourquoi Pas Point at 66°12S, 136°11E and Point Alden at 66°48S, 142°02E, with a shore length of 350 km and with its hinterland extending as a sector about 2600 km toward... Clipperton Island (French: ÃŽle de Clipperton and as the real French name ÃŽle de la Passion) is a nine-square-kilometer coral atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, south-west of Mexico and west of Costa Rica, at . ... Location of the Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean: • 1 : Bassas da India • 2 : Europa Island • 3 : Glorioso Islands • 4 : Juan de Nova Island • 5 : Tromelin Island (KM : Comoros, MG : Madagascar, MU : Mauritius, MZ : Mozambique, RE : Réunion, YT : Mayotte) The Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean (French: ÃŽles Éparses... Overseas region (French: Région doutre-mer), is a recent designation given to the overseas departments which have similar powers to those of the regions of metropolitan France. ...

Union Territory of Pondicherry v  d  e ]
Pondicherry Topics | History | Economy | Geography | Culture | Tourism
Capital Pondicherry
Districts PondicherryKaraikalMaheYanam
Major Towns PondicherryKaraikalMaheYanam
Languages FrenchTamilMalayalamTelugu

 
 

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