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Encyclopedia > Yan'an

Yan'an (Chinese: 延安; pinyin: Yán'ān; Wade-Giles: Yen-an), is a city in the Shanbei region of Shaanxi province, China. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 415 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1000 × 1444 pixel, file size: 410 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Yanan ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... Shanbei (Chinese: 陝北; pinyin: shÇŽnbei; also spelled Shaanbei) is a region of northwestern China, in the Shaanxi province. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ShÇŽnxÄ«; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal map spelling: Shensi) is a north-central province of the Peoples Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains across the...


of the Long March and the center of the Chinese communist revolution from 1935 to 1948. Chinese communists celebrate Yan'an as the birthplace of the revolution. Combatants Nationalist Party of China and allied warlords Communist Party of China Commanders Chiang Kai-shek various, eventually Mao Zedong Strength over 300,000 First Front Red Army: 86,000 (October 1934) 7,000 (October 1935) The Long March (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) was a massive military retreat undertaken... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China, a position guaranteed by the countrys constitution. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ...


Yan'an is currently a Prefecture-level city administering several counties, including Zhidan, formerly Bao'an, which served as the Chinese communist capital before the city of Yan'an proper took that role. A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... Zhidan is a county in Shaanxi province, China. ... Baoan District (Chinese: 宝安, pinyin: Bǎo Ān) is one of the six districts comprising Shenzhen, a major economic city in Guangdong Province, China. ...


History

During the Second World War almost all buildings, except a pagoda, were destroyed by Japanese bombing, and most inhabitants took to living in yaodongs, artificial caves or dugouts carved into hillsides which were traditional dwellings in Shaanxi. While Yan'an was the center of Chinese communist life many prominent Western journalists including Edgar Snow and Anna Louise Strong met with Mao Zedong and other important leaders for interviews. Politically, Yan'an symbolizes for many a utopian period in modern China's history where Chinese communists sought to realize their idealized vision of life, culture, and social justice, and thus stands for a former "golden age" when communist principles and ideals were actively pursued by many sincere, youthful supporters. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... This article is about artificial caves used as dwellings, especially those in north China called yaodongs, as opposed to natural caves. ... Alternate meanings: Cave (disambiguation) The outside world viewed from a cave A cave is a natural underground void. ... Look up dugout in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ShÇŽnxÄ«; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal map spelling: Shensi) is a north-central province of the Peoples Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains across the... Edgar Snow (b. ... Anna Louise Strong Anna Louise Strong (1885–1970) was a twentieth-century communist American journalist. ... “Mao” redirects here. ...


This idealistic view of the so-called "Yan'an Way" was one of the objects of challenge in Jung Chang's highly controversial works dealing with Chinese history. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Jung Chang (Traditional Chinese: 張戎, Simplified Chinese: 张戎, Wade-Giles: Chang Jung, Pinyin: Zhāng Róng; born March 25, 1952) is a Chinese-born British writer, best known for her family autobiography Wild Swans, selling over 10 million copies worldwide, but banned in mainland China. ...


During the Second World War, Yan'an played host to the United States Army Observation Group, also known as the Dixie Mission. A joint military and civilian mission, it was sent to establish official ties with the Communists and explore possible plans of cooperation against the Japanese. The Americans had a presence in Yan'an from 1944 to 1947. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The United States Army Observation Group, commonly known as the Dixie Mission, was sent during World War Two to Yenan, China, to establish the first official relations between the Communist Party of China and the United States of America. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ...



Prefecture-level divisions of Shaanxi
Sub-provincial cities: Xi'an
Prefecture-level cities: Ankang | Baoji | Hanzhong | Shangluo
Tongchuan | Weinan | Xianyang | Yan'an | Yulin
List of Shaanxi County-level divisions

 
 

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