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Encyclopedia > Yamnaya
Indo-European languages
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Indo-European studies

The Yamna (from Russian яма "pit") or pit grave culture is a prehistoric culture of the Bug/Dniester/Ural region, dating to the 36th23rd centuries BC. The culture was predominantly nomadic, with some agriculture practiced near rivers and a few hillforts. Domestication of the horse, cattle, sheep and goat, use of plough and carts is attested. Characteristic for the culture are the burials in pit graves with the dead body placed in a supine position with bent knees.

The Yamna culture is identified with the later Proto-Indo-Europeans in the Kurgan hypothesis of Marija Gimbutas.

Parts of the Yamna culture evolve into the 2nd millennium BC Andronovo culture.

See also Beaker culture.

  Results from FactBites:
Social Structure of the Population of the North-western ‎Black Sea Coast Yamnaya Culture (122 words)
Social Structure of the Population of the North-western ‎Black Sea Coast Yamnaya Culture
The monograph is dedicated to the reconstruction of the social structure of the Yamnaya culture tribes in the North-Western Black Sea Littoral.
On the ground of the studying of burial practice as presented in archeological materials it seems possible to reconstruct some social structures that have become evident in the burial rites of the Yamnaya culture population in the regions: sex-and-age, potestarian, functional, ethnosocial.
  More results at FactBites »



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