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Encyclopedia > Yamna
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The Yamna (from Russian яма "pit") or pit grave culture is a prehistoric culture of the Bug/Dniester/Ural region, dating to the 36th23rd centuries BC. The culture was predominantly nomadic, with some agriculture practiced near rivers and a few hillforts. Domestication of the horse, cattle, sheep and goat, use of plough and carts is attested. Characteristic for the culture are the burials in pit graves with the dead body placed in a supine position with bent knees.


The Yamna culture is identified with the later Proto-Indo-Europeans in the Kurgan hypothesis of Marija Gimbutas.


Parts of the Yamna culture evolve into the 2nd millennium BC Andronovo culture.



See also Beaker culture.


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Yamna culture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (290 words)
The Yamna (from Russian яма "pit") or Pit Grave or Ochre Grave culture is a late copper age/early bronze age culture of the Bug/Dniester/Ural region (the Pontic steppe), dating to the 36th–23rd centuries BC.
The area of the Yamna culture corresponds approximately to the extent of the Pontic-Caspian steppe.
The Yamna culture is identified with the late Proto-Indo-Europeans (PIE) in the Kurgan hypothesis of Marija Gimbutas.
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