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Encyclopedia > Yale University

Yale University

Motto אורים ותמים (Hebrew) (Urim V'Tumim)
Lux et veritas (Latin)
(Light and truth)
Established 1701
Type Private
Academic term Semester
Endowment US $22.5 billion[1]
President Richard C. Levin
Faculty 3,333
Students 11,390
Undergraduates 5,316
Location Flag of the United States New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.
Campus Urban, 397 acres (1.1 km²)
Colors Yale Blue since 1894; prior color, green
Nickname Bulldogs, Elis, Blue
Mascot Handsome Dan
Athletics NCAA Division I (FCS Football) Ivy League
Website www.yale.edu

Yale University is a private university in New Haven, Connecticut. Founded in 1701 as the Collegiate School, Yale is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and is a member of the Ivy League. Particularly well-known are its undergraduate school, Yale College, and the Yale Law School, each of which has produced a number of U.S. presidents and foreign heads of state. In 1861, the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences became the first U.S. school to award the Ph.D. degree. Also notable is the Yale School of Drama which has produced many prominent Hollywood and Broadway actors, as well as the art, divinity, forestry and environment, music, medical, management and architecture schools, each of which is often cited as among the finest in its field. Download high resolution version (600x604, 13 KB)Yale University coat of arms. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... In ancient Israelite religion and culture, Urim and Thummim (Hebrew: האורים והתמים, Standard  Tiberian ; Arabic: الاوريم والتميم al-ŪrÄ«m waʾaṯ-á¹®ummÄ«m) is a phrase from the Hebrew Bible associated with the sacred breastplate, divination in general, and cleromancy in particular. ... The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. ... A private university is a university that is run without the control of any government entity. ... An academic term is a division of an academic year, the time during which a school, college or university holds classes. ... A financial endowment is a transfer of money or property donated to an institution, with the stipulation that it be invested, and the principal remain intact. ... USD redirects here. ... One thousand million (1,000,000,000) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001. ... University President is the title of the highest ranking officer within a university, within university systems that prefer that appellation over other variations such as Chancellor or rector. ... Richard Charles Levin (b. ... A faculty is a division within a university. ... Alternate uses: Student (disambiguation) Etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stŭdērĕ, which means to study, a student is one who studies. ... In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelors degree. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... “New Haven” redirects here. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[2] Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... An acre is the name of a unit of area in a number of different systems, including Imperial units and United States customary units. ... “km” redirects here. ... School colors are the colors chosen by a school to represent it on uniforms and other items of identification. ... Yale Blue – the dark blue color used in association with Yale University – varies with use and history. ... The athletic nickname, or equivalently athletic moniker, of a university or college within the United States of America is the name officially adopted by that institution for at least the members of its athletic teams. ... For other uses, see Bulldog (disambiguation). ... Millie, once mascot of the City of Brampton, is now the Brampton Arts Councils representative. ... Yale logo featuring stylized profile of Handsome Dan Handsome Dan is the mascot of Yale Universitys athletic teams, a bulldog. ... The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often pronounced N-C-Double-A or N-C-Two-A ) is a voluntary association of about 1,200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ... For other uses, see Ivy League (disambiguation). ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Yale can refer to an educational institution: Yale College Wrexham, a college in Wales. ... A private university is a university that is run without the control of any government entity. ... “New Haven” redirects here. ... The colonial colleges are nine institutions of higher education chartered in the American Colonies before the American Revolution (1775–1783). ... The University of Cambridge is an institute of higher learning. ... For other uses, see Ivy League (disambiguation). ... In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelors degree. ... For other uses, see Yale (disambiguation). ... The Sterling Law Building Sculptural ornamentation on the Sterling Law Building Yale Law School, or YLS, is the law school of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... A head of state or chief of state is the chief public representative of a nation-state, federation or commonwealth, whose role generally includes personifying the continuity and legitimacy of the state and exercising the political powers, functions and duties granted to the head of state in the countrys... The Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences was established in 1847. ... Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated Ph. ... Yale School of Drama traces its roots to the Yale Dramatic Association, the second oldest college theatre association in the country, founded in 1900. ... ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... The Yale School of Art is one of twelve constituent schools of Yale University. ... The Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies was founded as the Yale School of Forestry in 1900 by Gifford Pinchot, head of the United States Division of Forestry, and Henry Solon Graves, both Yale graduates who had attended forestry school in Europe, there being no professional forestry schools in... The Yale School of Music has received a gift of $100 million that will allow the school to subsidize fully the tuition for all students, Yale President Richard C. Levin has announced. ... The Yale School of Medicine is a private medical school located in New Haven, Connecticut. ... The Yale School of Architecture is one of the constituent schools of Yale University. ...


The university's assets include a $22.5 billion[1] endowment (the second-largest of any U.S. academic institution) and more than a dozen libraries that hold a total of 12.5 million volumes (the second-largest university library system[2]). Yale has 3,300 faculty members, who teach 5,300 undergraduate students and 6,000 graduate students.[3] A financial endowment is a transfer of money or property donated to an institution, with the stipulation that it be invested, and the principal remain intact. ... The following are lists of American institutions of higher education by endowment. ...


Yale's 70 undergraduate majors are primarily focused on a liberal curriculum, and few of the undergraduate departments are pre-professional in nature. About 20% of Yale undergraduates major in the sciences, 35% in the social sciences, and 45% in the arts and humanities.[4] All tenured professors teach undergraduate courses, more than 2,000 of which are offered annually. The seven liberal arts – Picture from the Hortus deliciarum of Herrad von Landsberg (12th century) The term liberal arts has come to mean studies that are intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills, rather than more specialized occupational, scientific, or artistic skills. ... For the scientific journal named Science, see Science (journal). ... The social sciences are a group of academic disciplines that study human aspects of the world. ... For other uses, see Humanities (disambiguation). ...


Yale uses a residential college housing system modeled after those at Oxford and Cambridge. Each of 12 residential colleges houses a representative cross-section of the undergraduate student body, and features facilities, seminars, resident faculty, and support personnel. A residential college is an organisational pattern for a division of a university that places academic activity in a community setting of students and faculty, usually at a residence and with shared meals, the college having a degree of autonomy and a federated relationship with the overall university. ... The University of Oxford (usually abbreviated as Oxon. ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ...


Yale's graduate programs include those in the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences — covering 53 disciplines in the Humanities, Social Sciences, Biological Sciences, Physical Sciences and Engineering — and those in the Professional Schools of Architecture, Art, Divinity, Drama, Forestry & Environmental Sciences, Law, Management, Medicine, Music, Nursing, and Public Health. The Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences was established in 1847. ... For other uses, see Humanities (disambiguation). ... The social sciences are a group of academic disciplines that study human aspects of the world. ... Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology is the science of life (from the Greek words bios = life and logos = word). ... Physical science is the branch of science including chemistry and physics, usually contrasted with the social sciences and sometimes including and sometimes contrasted with natural or biological science. ... Engineering is the discipline of acquiring and applying knowledge to design, analysis, and/or construction of works for practical purposes. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Yale Divinity School is the one of the constituent graduate schools of Yale University, in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. ... The Sterling Law Building Sculptural ornamentation on the Sterling Law Building Yale Law School, or YLS, is the law school of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. ... The Yale School of Management (also known as Yale SOM) is the graduate business school of Yale University and is located on Hillhouse Avenue in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. Yale SOM offers M.B.A. and Ph. ... The Yale School of Music has received a gift of $100 million that will allow the school to subsidize fully the tuition for all students, Yale President Richard C. Levin has announced. ...


Yale and Harvard have been rivals in almost everything for most of their history, notably academics, rowing and American football.[5] Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ... Yales Blade The Harvard-Yale Boat Race or Harvard-Yale Regatta is an annual rowing race between Yale and Harvard universities. ... Half-time festivities at The Game, Yale Bowl The Game (always capitalized) is a title given to several U.S. college football rivalry games, but most particularly the annual contest between Harvard and Yale. ...


Yale president Richard C. Levin summarized the university's institutional priorities for its fourth century: "First, among the nation's finest research universities, Yale is distinctively committed to excellence in undergraduate education. Second, in our graduate and professional schools, as well as in Yale College, we are committed to the education of leaders."[6] Richard Charles Levin (b. ...


The nicknames "Elis"[7][8][9] (after Elihu Yale) and "Yalies"[10] are often used, both within and outside Yale, to refer to Yale students. Elihu Yale Elihu Yale, (April 5, 1649 – July 8, 1721), was the first benefactor of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut in the United States. ...

Contents

History

Original building, 1718–1782
Original building, 1718–1782

Yale traces its beginnings to "An Act for Liberty to Erect a Collegiate School" passed by the General Court of the Colony of Connecticut and dated October 9, 1701. Soon thereafter, a group of ten Congregationalist ministers led by James Pierpont, all of whom were Harvard alumni (Harvard having been the only college in North America when they were school-aged), met in the study of Reverand Samuel Russell in Branford, Connecticut, to pool their books to form the school's first library.[11] The group is now known as "The Founders." Yale was founded to train ministers. Image File history File links Original_Yale_College_Building. ... Image File history File links Original_Yale_College_Building. ... -1... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... Congregational churches are Protestant Christian churches practicing congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation independently and autonomously runs its own affairs. ... Rev. ... Reverend Samuel Russell (b. ... Location in Connecticut Coordinates: , Country State NECTA New Haven Region South Central Region Named 1653 Government  - Type Representative town meeting  - First selectman Cheryl P. Morris (D) Area  - Town  28. ...


Originally called the Collegiate School, the institution opened in the home of its first rector, Abraham Pierson, in Killingworth (now Clinton). It later moved to Saybrook, and then Wethersfield. In 1718, the college moved to New Haven, Connecticut, where it remains to this day.[citations needed] Reverend Abraham Pierson (1641-1707) was the first rector, from 1701 to 1707 of the Collegiate School — which later become Yale University. ... For other uses, see Killingworth (disambiguation). ... Clinton is a town located on Long Island Sound in Middlesex County, Connecticut, USA. The population was 13,094 at the 2000 census. ... Old Saybrook is a town in Middlesex County, Connecticut, United States. ... Wethersfield is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. ... “New Haven” redirects here. ...


In the meanwhile, a rift was forming at Harvard between its sixth president Increase Mather (Harvard A.B., 1656) and the rest of the Harvard clergy, which Mather viewed as increasingly liberal, ecclesiastically lax, and overly broad in Church polity. The relationship worsened after Mather resigned, and the administration repeatedly rejected his son and ideological colleague, Cotton Mather (Harvard A.B., 1678), for the position of the Harvard presidency. The feud caused the Mathers to champion the success of the Collegiate School in the hopes that it would maintain the Puritan religious orthodoxy in a way that Harvard had not.[12] The Reverend Increase Mather (June 21, 1639 – August 23, 1723) was a major figure in the early history of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and Province of Massachusetts Bay (now the Federal state of Massachusetts). ... A B.A. issued from the University of Tennessee. ... This article is about the 17th century Puritan minister. ... For the record label, see Puritan Records. ...

Old Brick Row in 1807
Old Brick Row in 1807

In 1718, at the behest of either Rector Andrew or Governor Gurdon Saltonstall, Cotton Mather contacted a successful businessman in Wales named Elihu Yale to ask him for financial help in constructing a new building for the college. Yale, who had made a fortune through trade while living in India as a representative of the East India Company, donated nine bales of goods, which were sold for more than £560, a substantial sum at the time. Yale also donated 417 books and a portrait of King George I. Cotton Mather suggested that the school change its name to Yale College in gratitude to its benefactor, and to increase the chances that he would give the college another large donation or bequest. Elihu Yale was away in India when the news of the school's name change reached his home in Wrexham, North Wales, a trip from which he never returned. And while he did ultimately leave his fortunes to the "Collegiate School within His Majesties Colony of Connecticot," the institution was never able to successfully lay claim to it. Image File history File linksMetadata Old_Brick_Row,_Yale_College. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Old_Brick_Row,_Yale_College. ... Samuel Andrew (1656 - 1738) was a American Congregational clergyman and educator. ... The Saltonstall family is a Boston Brahmin family from the U.S. state of Massachusetts, notable for having had a family member attend Harvard University from every generation since Nathaniel Saltonstall—later one of the more principled judges at the Salem Witch Trials—graduated in 1659. ... This article is about the country. ... Elihu Yale Elihu Yale, (April 5, 1649 – July 8, 1721), was the first benefactor of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut in the United States. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... George I King of Great Britain and Ireland George I (George Ludwig von Guelph-dEste) (28 May 1660–11 June 1727) was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) from 23 January 1698, and King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 1 August 1714, until his death. ... For other uses, see Yale (disambiguation). ... , Wrexham (Welsh: Wrecsam) is a large (former industrial) town, conurbation and principal area of Wales lying in north-eastern part of the country. ...


Serious American students of theology and divinity, particularly in New England, regarded Hebrew as a classical language, along with Greek and Latin, and essential for study of the Old Testament in the original words. The Reverend Ezra Stiles, president of the College from 1778 to 1795, brought with him his interest in the Hebrew language as a vehicle for studying ancient Biblical texts in their original language (as was common in other schools), requiring all freshmen to study Hebrew (in contrast to Harvard, where only upperclassmen were required to study the language) and is responsible for the Hebrew words "Urim" and "Thummim" on the Yale seal. Stiles' greatest challenge occurred in July, 1779 when hostile British forces occupied New Haven and threatened to raze the College. Fortunately, Yale graduate Edmund Fanning, Secretary to the British General in command of the occupation, interceded and the College was saved. Fanning later was granted an honorary degree for his efforts. Theology finds its scholars pursuing the understanding of and providing reasoned discourse of religion, spirituality and God or the gods. ... For other uses, see Divinity (disambiguation) and Divine (disambiguation). ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Note: Judaism commonly uses the term Tanakh to refer to its canon, which corresponds to the Protestant Old Testament. ... The Rev. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... In ancient Israelite religion and culture, Urim and Thummim (Hebrew: האורים והתמים, Standard  Tiberian ; Arabic: الاوريم والتميم al-ŪrÄ«m waʾaṯ-á¹®ummÄ«m) is a phrase from the Hebrew Bible associated with the sacred breastplate, divination in general, and cleromancy in particular. ... Edmund Fanning (April 24, 1739–February 28, 1818) first gained fame for his role in the Battle of Alamance, but later had a distiguished career as a colonial governor and British general. ...

Woolsey Hall in c. 1905
Woolsey Hall in c. 1905

Yale College expanded gradually, establishing the Yale School of Medicine (1810), Yale Divinity School (1822), Yale Law School (1843), Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (1847), the Sheffield Scientific School (1861), and the Yale School of Fine Arts (1869). (The divinity school was founded by Congregationalists who felt that the Harvard Divinity School had become too liberal. This is similar to the Oxbridge rivalry in which dissident scholars left University of Oxford to form the University of Cambridge). In 1887, as the college continued to grow under the presidency of Timothy Dwight V, Yale College was renamed to Yale University. The university would later add the Yale School of Music (1894), Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies (1901), Yale School of Public Health (1915), Yale School of Nursing (1923), Yale Physician Associate Program (1973), and Yale School of Management (1976). It would also reorganize its relationship with the Sheffield Scientific School. Image File history File linksMetadata Woolsey_Hall,_Yale_University. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Woolsey_Hall,_Yale_University. ... Woolsey Hall interior Woolsey Hall is the primary auditorium at Yale University. ... The Yale School of Medicine is a private medical school located in New Haven, Connecticut. ... Yale Divinity School is the one of the constituent graduate schools of Yale University, in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. ... The Sterling Law Building Sculptural ornamentation on the Sterling Law Building Yale Law School, or YLS, is the law school of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. ... The Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences was established in 1847. ... The Sheffield Scientific School was founded as Yale Scientific School in 1854 and renamed in 1861 in honor of Joseph E. Sheffield. ... The Yale School of Art is one of twelve constituent schools of Yale University. ... Congregational churches are Protestant Christian churches practicing congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation indepedently and autonomously runs its own affairs. ... Harvard Divinity School is one of the constituent schools of Harvard University, located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the United States. ... The University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge, collectively known as Oxbridge, are the two oldest and most famous universities in Britain. ... The University of Oxford (usually abbreviated as Oxon. ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... Timothy Dwight V (1828 - 1916) was President of Yale University from 1886 through 1899. ... For other uses, see Yale (disambiguation). ... The Yale School of Music has received a gift of $100 million that will allow the school to subsidize fully the tuition for all students, Yale President Richard C. Levin has announced. ... The Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies was founded as the Yale School of Forestry in 1900 by Gifford Pinchot, head of the United States Division of Forestry, and Henry Solon Graves, both Yale graduates who had attended forestry school in Europe, there being no professional forestry schools in... The Yale School of Public Health was founded in 1915 by Charles-Edward Amory Winslow. ... Established in 1923, Yale School of Nursing (YSN) has become a leading school of nursing in the U.S. It enjoys a national and international reputation for excellence in teaching, research and clinical practice. ... Yale University School of Medicine Physician Associate Program School Mission The Yale University School of Medicine Physician Associate program accepted its first class in 1971. ... The Yale School of Management (also known as Yale SOM) is the graduate business school of Yale University and is located on Hillhouse Avenue in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. Yale SOM offers M.B.A. and Ph. ...

Aerial view from the south, 1906
Aerial view from the south, 1906

In 1966, Yale initiated discussions with its sister school Vassar College concerning the possibility of a merger as an effective means to achieve coeducation. However, Vassar declined Yale's invitation and, ultimately, both Yale and Vassar decided to remain separate and introduce coeducation independently in 1969.[13] Amy Solomon was the first woman to register as a Yale undergraduate;[14] she was also the first woman at Yale to join an undergraduate society, St. Anthony Hall. (Women studied at Yale University as early as 1876, but in graduate-level programs at the Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.) Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 540 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 691 pixel, file size: 128 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Postcard: Birds-eye (or aerial) view from the south of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, 1906 copyright (expired) Description: From store Web page: Postmarked... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 540 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 691 pixel, file size: 128 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Postcard: Birds-eye (or aerial) view from the south of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, 1906 copyright (expired) Description: From store Web page: Postmarked... Vassar College is a private, coeducational, liberal arts college situated in Poughkeepsie, New York, USA. Founded as a womens college in 1861, it was the first member of the Seven Sisters to become coeducational. ... St. ... The Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences was established in 1847. ...


Yale, like other Ivy League schools, instituted policies in the early twentieth century designed artificially to increase the proportion of upper-class white Christians of notable families in the student body (see numerus clausus), and was one of the last of the Ivies to eliminate such preferences, beginning with the class of 1970.[15] Numerus Clausus (closed number in Latin) is one of many methods used to limit the number of students who may study at a university. ...


The President and Fellows of Yale College, also known as the Yale Corporation, is the governing board of the University. The President and Fellows of Yale College, also known as the Yale Corporation, is the governing body of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. ... The Yale Corporation is another name for the President and Fellows of Yale College, which is the governing board of Yale University. ...


Yale and politics in the modern era

The Boston Globe wrote that "if there's one school that can lay claim to educating the nation's top national leaders over the past three decades, it's Yale."[16] Yale alumni have been represented on the Democratic or Republican ticket in every U.S. Presidential election since 1972. Yale-educated Presidents since the end of the Vietnam War include Gerald Ford, George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton and George W. Bush, and major-party nominees during this period include John Kerry (2004), Joseph Lieberman (Vice President, 2000), and Sargent Shriver (Vice President, 1972). Other Yale alumni who made serious bids for the Presidency during this period include Howard Dean (2004), Gary Hart (1984 and 1988), Paul Tsongas (1992) and Jerry Brown (1976, 1980, 1992). Yale Law alumna Hillary Rodham Clinton is considered a front runner for the 2008 Democratic Presidential nomination. The Boston Globe (and Boston Sunday Globe) is the most widely circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and New England. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... For other persons named Gerald Ford, see Gerald Ford (disambiguation). ... Order: 41st President Vice President: Dan Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush, KBE (born... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ... Joseph Isadore Lieberman (born February 24, 1942) is a Jewish-American Democratic politician and a current U.S. senator from Connecticut. ... Robert Sargent Shriver, Jr. ... Howard Brush Dean III (born November 17, 1948) is an American politician and physician from the U.S. state of Vermont, and currently the chairman of the Democratic National Committee, the central organ of the Democratic Party at the national level. ... Gary Warren Hart (born Gary Warren Hartpence, November 28, 1936) is a politician and lawyer from the state of Colorado. ... Paul Efthemios Tsongas Paul Efthemios Tsongas (February 14, 1941 – January 18, 1997) was a United States Senator from Massachusetts and a member of the United States Democratic Party. ... For the whistleblower, see Gerald W. Brown. ... Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947) is the junior United States Senator from New York, and is a candidate for the Democratic nomination in the 2008 presidential election. ... // These have filed (or announced plans to file) with the Federal Elections Commission (FEC). ...


Several potential explanations have been offered for Yale’s representation in national elections since the end of the Vietnam War. Various sources note the spirit of campus activism that has existed at Yale since the 1960s, and the intellectual influence of Reverend William Sloane Coffin on many of the future candidates.[17] Yale President Richard Levin attributes the run to Yale’s focus on creating "a laboratory for future leaders," an institutional priority that began during the tenure of Yale Presidents Alfred Whitney Griswold and Kingman Brewster.[18] Richard H. Brodhead, former dean of Yale College and now president of Duke University, stated: "We do give very significant attention to orientation to the community in our admissions, and there is a very strong tradition of volunteerism at Yale."[19] Yale historian Gaddis Smith notes "an ethos of organized activity" at Yale during the 20th century that led John Kerry to lead the Yale Political Union's Liberal Party, George Pataki the Conservative Party, and Joseph Lieberman to manage the Yale Daily News.[20] Camille Paglia points to a history of networking and elitism: "It has to do with a web of friendships and affiliations built up in school."[21] CNN suggests that George W. Bush benefited from preferential admissions policies for the "son and grandson of alumni," and for a "member of a politically influential family." [22] New York Times correspondent Elisabeth Bumiller and The Atlantic Monthly correspondent James Fallows credit the culture of community and cooperation that exists between students, faculty and administration, which downplays self-interest and reinforces commitment to others.[23] Rev. ... Alfred Whitney Griswold (27 October 1906 - 19 April 1963) was an American historian and educator, and President of Yale University. ... Kingman Brewster, Jr. ... Richard Halleck Brodhead (b. ... Duke University is a private coeducational research university located in Durham, North Carolina, USA. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. ... Gaddis Smith, the Larned professor emeritus of history at Yale University, is an expert in American foreign relations and maritime history. ... The Yale Political Union (YPU), a debate society that is the largest student organization at Yale University, was founded in 1934 by Professor Alfred Whitney Griswold (1906–1963), who would later become University President, to combat the apathy that characterized Yales political culture in the 1930s. ... George Elmer Pataki (born June 24, 1945) is an American politician who was the 57th Governor of New York serving from January 1995 until January 1, 2007. ... A front page of the Yale Daily News. ... Camille Anna Paglia (born April 2, 1947 in Endicott, New York) is an American social critic, author and teacher. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Elisabeth Bumiller (born May 15, 1956), an American journalist and former White House correspondent for the New York Times. ... The Atlantic redirects here; for the ocean, see Atlantic Ocean. ... James Fallows is an American print and radio journalist who has been associated with The Atlantic Monthly for many years and has written eight books. ...


During the 1988 presidential election, George H. W. Bush (Yale '48) derided Michael Dukakis for having "foreign-policy views born in Harvard Yard's boutique;" when challenged on the distinction between Dukakis' Harvard connection and his own Yale background, he said that, unlike Harvard, Yale's reputation was "so diffuse, there isn't a symbol, I don't think, in the Yale situation, any symbolism in it" and said Yale did not share Harvard's reputation for "liberalism and elitism"[24][25] In 2004, Howard Dean stated, "In some ways, I consider myself separate from the other three (Yale) candidates of 2004. Yale changed so much between the class of '68 and the class of '71. My class was the first class to have women in it; it was the first class to have a significant effort to recruit African Americans. It was an extraordinary time, and in that span of time is the change of an entire generation."[26] George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States, serving from 1989 to 1993. ... Michael Stanley Dukakis (born November 3, 1933) is an American Democratic politician, former Governor of Massachusetts, and the Democratic presidential nominee in 1988. ... Howard Brush Dean III (born November 17, 1948) is an American politician and physician from the U.S. state of Vermont, and currently the chairman of the Democratic National Committee, the central organ of the Democratic Party at the national level. ...


Administration

Rectors of the Collegiate School

  1. The Rev. Abraham Pierson (1701–1707)
  2. The Rev. Samuel Andrew (1707–1719) (pro tempore)

Reverend Abraham Pierson (1641-1707) was the first rector, from 1701 to 1707 of the Collegiate School — which later become Yale University. ... Samuel Andrew (1656 - 1738) was a American Congregational clergyman and educator. ...

Rectors of Yale College

  1. The Rev. Timothy Cutler (1719–1726)
  2. The Rev. Elisha William(s) (1726–1739)
  3. The Rev. Thomas Clap (1740–1745)

Timothy Cutler (1684 - 1765) was an American Congregational clergyman and educator. ... The Reverend Elisha Williams (26 August 1694-22 October 1755) was a Congregational minister, legislator, jurist, and rector of Yale College from 1726 to 1739. ... Rev. ...

Presidents of Yale College

  1. The Rev. Thomas Clap (1745–1766)
  2. The Rev. Naphtali Daggett (1766–1777) (pro tempore)
  3. The Rev. Ezra Stiles (1778–1795)
  4. Timothy Dwight IV (1795–1817)
  5. Jeremiah Day (1817–1846)
  6. Theodore Dwight Woolsey (1846–1871)
  7. Noah Porter III (1871–1886)
  8. Timothy Dwight V (1886–1887)

Rev. ... Rev. ... The Rev. ... Reverend Timothy Dwight, portrait by John Trumbull Timothy Dwight (May 14, 1752–January 11, 1817) was an American Congregationalist minister, theologian, educator, and author. ... Jeremiah Day (1773-1867) was the fifth President of Yale University from 1817 to 1846. ... Theodore Dwight Woolsey (1801 - 1889) was a U.S. scholar and educator, nephew of Timothy Dwight. ... Noah Porter (December 14, 1811 - March 14, 1892), American educationalist and philosophical writer, was born in Farmington, Connecticut. ... Timothy Dwight V (1828 - 1916) was President of Yale University from 1886 through 1899. ...

Presidents of Yale University

  1. Timothy Dwight V (1887–1899)
  2. Arthur Twining Hadley (1899–1921)
  3. James Rowland Angell (1921–1937)
  4. Charles Seymour (1937–1951)
  5. Alfred Whitney Griswold (1951–1963)
  6. Kingman Brewster, Jr. (1963–1977)
  7. Hanna Holborn Gray (1977–1978) (acting)
  8. A. Bartlett Giamatti (1978–1986)
  9. Benno C. Schmidt, Jr. (1986–1992)
  10. Howard R. Lamar (1992–1993) (acting)
  11. Richard C. Levin (1993–)

The Yale Provost's Office has helped launch several women into prominent university presidencies. In 1977, Hanna Holborn Gray was appointed acting President of Yale from that position, and went on to become president of the University of Chicago, the first woman to be full president of a major university. In 1994, Yale Provost Judith Rodin became the first female president of an Ivy League institution at the University of Pennsylvania. In 2002, Provost Alison Richard became the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge. In 2004, Provost Susan Hockfield became the President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In 2007, Deputy Provost Kim Bottomly was named President of Wellesley College. [2] Timothy Dwight V (1828 - 1916) was President of Yale University from 1886 through 1899. ... Arthur Twining Hadley (1856-1930) was an economist who served as President of Yale University from 1899 to 1921. ... James Rowland Angell (1869 - 1949) was a U.S. educator and psychologist. ... Charles Seymour (January 1, 1885 - August 11, 1963) was an American historian and President of Yale University from 1937 to 1951. ... Alfred Whitney Griswold (27 October 1906 - 19 April 1963) was an American historian and educator, and President of Yale University. ... Kingman Brewster, Jr. ... Hanna Holborn Gray (born 1930), is a historian of political thought in the Renaissance and Reformation, and an American educator. ... Angelo Bartlett Bart Giamatti (April 4, 1938 – September 1, 1989) was the President of Yale University, and later, the 7th commissioner of Major League Baseball in the United States. ... Benno C. Schmidt, Jr. ... Howard Roberts Lamar (born 1923) is a historian of the American West, and a former president of Yale University. ... Richard Charles Levin (b. ... Hanna Holborn Gray (born 1930), is a historian of political thought in the Renaissance and Reformation, and an American educator. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... Judith Rodin (born 1944) Ph. ... This article is about the private Ivy League university in Philadelphia. ... Professor¹ Alison Fettes Richard (born in Kent, United Kingdom) is the current Vice_Chancellor of the University of Cambridge. ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... Susan Hockfield, a molecular neurobiologist, became the first woman President of MIT on December 6, 2004 Susan Hockfield was announced as MIT’s sixteenth president on August 26, 2004. ... “MIT” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Wellesley College (disambiguation). ...


Admissions

Yale University's Sterling Memorial Library.

The acceptance rate for Yale College for the Class of 2011 was 9.6%.[27] For the Class of 2010, the acceptance rate was 8.9% with a 71.1% yield; 728 were waitlisted, of which 56 were admitted.[28]. The median SAT score is 1490. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 211 KB) Description: Sterling Memorial Library, High Street entrance, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA File links The following pages link to this file: Education in the United States ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 211 KB) Description: Sterling Memorial Library, High Street entrance, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA File links The following pages link to this file: Education in the United States ... Sterling Memorial Library Sterling Memorial Library is the largest library at Yale University, containing over 4 million volumes in over 15 floors. ...


Yale College offers need-blind admissions and need-based financial aid to all applicants, including international applicants. Yale commits to meet the full demonstrated financial need of all applicants, and more than 40% of Yale students receive financial assistance. Most financial aid is in the form of grants and scholarships that do not need to be paid back to the University, and the average scholarship for the 2006–2007 school year will be $26,900.


Half of all Yale undergraduates are women, more than 30% are minorities, and 8% are international students. Furthermore, 55% attended public schools and 45% attended independent, religious, or international schools.[28]


Intellectual "schools"

Yale's English and Literature departments were part of the New Criticism movement. Of the New Critics, Robert Penn Warren, W.K. Wimsatt, and Cleanth Brooks were all Yale faculty. Later, after the passing of the New Critical fad, the Yale literature department became a center of American deconstruction, with French and Comparative Literature departments centered on Paul de Man and supported by the English department. This has become known as the "Yale School." Yale's history department has also originated important intellectual trends. Historian C. Vann Woodward is credited for beginning in the 1960s an important stream of southern historians; likewise, David Montgomery, a labor historian, advised many of the current generation of labor historians in the country. Most noticeably, a tremendous number of currently active Latin American historians were trained at Yale in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s by Emìlia Viotta da Costa; younger Latin Americanists tend to be "intellectual cousins" in that their advisors were advised by the same people at Yale. New Criticism was the dominant trend in English and American literary criticism of the early twentieth century, from the 1920s to the early 1960s. ... Robert Penn Warren Robert Penn Warren (April 24, 1905 – September 15, 1989) was an American poet, novelist, and literary critic, and was one of the founders of The New Criticism. ... William Kurtz Wimsatt, Jr. ... Cleanth Brooks (October 16, 1906 - 1994) was an influential American literary critic and professor. ... Deconstruction is a term in contemporary philosophy, literary criticism, and the social sciences, denoting a process by which the texts and languages of Western philosophy (in particular) appear to shift and complicate in meaning when read in light of the assumptions and absences they reveal within themselves. ... Paul de Man (December 6, 1919 – December 21, 1983) was a Belgian-born deconstructionist literary critic and theorist. ... The Yale school is a colloquial name for an influential group of literary critics, theorists, and philosophers, all influenced by deconstruction, who were together at Yale University in the 1970s. ... Comer Vann Woodward (November 13, 1908 - December 17, 1999) was a pre-eminent American historian focusing primarily on the American South and race relations. ... The U.S. Southern states or The South, known during the American Civil War era as Dixie, is a distinctive region of the United States with its own unique historical perspective, customs, musical styles, and cuisine. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


Collections

The Night Café, Vincent van Gogh, 1888, Yale Art Gallery.
The Night Café, Vincent van Gogh, 1888, Yale Art Gallery.

Yale University Library is the second-largest university collection in the world with a total of almost 11 million volumes. The main library, Sterling Memorial Library, contains about four million volumes, and other holdings are dispersed at a variety of subject libraries. Image File history File linksMetadata NightCafe. ... Image File history File linksMetadata NightCafe. ... Sterling Memorial Library Yale University Library is the library system of Yale University. ... Sterling Memorial Library Sterling Memorial Library is the largest library at Yale University, containing over 4 million volumes in over 15 floors. ...


Rare books are found in a number of Yale collections. The Beinecke Rare Book Library has a large collection of rare books and manuscripts. The Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library includes important historical medical texts, including an impressive collection of rare books, as well as historical medical instruments. The Lewis Walpole Library contains the largest collection of 18th century British literary works. And the Elizabethan Club, while technically a private organization, makes its Elizabethan folios and first editions available to qualified researchers through Yale. Yale Universitys Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library was a 1963 gift of the Beinecke family. ... The Harvey Cushing and John Hay Whitney Medical Library is the central library of the Yale School of Medicine in New Haven, Connecticut. ... The Lewis Walpole Library in Farmington, Connecticut possesses important collections of eighteenth-century English literary manuscripts and books, including the preeminent gathering of Horace Walpoles papers and effects from his estate at Strawberry Hill. ... The Elizabethan Club is a social club at Yale University named for Queen Elizabeth I and her era. ...


Yale's museum collections are also of international stature. The Yale University Art Gallery is the country's first university-affiliated art museum. It contains important collections of modern art as well as old masters, with over 180,000 total works. The works are housed in the Swartout and Kahn buildings. The latter, Louis Kahn's first large-scale American work (1953), was recently renovated and reopened in December 2006. The Yale Center for British Art is the largest collection of British art outside of the UK, originally the gift of Paul Mellon and housed in a building designed by Louis Kahn. The Yale University Art Gallery is located at 1111 Chapel Street in New Haven, Connecticut. ... Salk Institute, La Jolla, California Louis Isadore Kahn (February 20, 1901/1902 – March 17, 1974) was a world-renowned architect who practiced in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... The Yale Center for British Art is an art museum associated with Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut in the United States. ... Paul Mellon KBE (11 June 1907 – 1 February 1999) was an American philanthropist and Thoroughbred racehorse owner/breeder who is one of the only four people ever designated Exemplars of Racing by the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame. ... Salk Institute, La Jolla, California Louis Isadore Kahn (February 20, 1901/1902 – March 17, 1974) was a world-renowned architect who practiced in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ...


The Peabody Museum of Natural History is New Haven's most popular museum, well-used by school children as well as containing research collections in anthropology, archaeology, and the natural environment. The Yale University Collection of Musical Instruments, affiliated with the Yale School of Music, is perhaps the least well-known of Yale's collections, because its hours of opening are restricted. The Peabody Museum of Natural History at Yale University was founded by the philanthropist George Peabody in 1866 at the behest of his nephew Othniel Charles Marsh, the early paleontologist. ... The Yale University Collection of Musical Instruments is a museum belonging to Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. ...


Yale architecture

Yale is noted for its harmonious yet fanciful largely Collegiate Gothic campus[29] as well as for several iconic modern buildings commonly discussed in architectural history survey courses: Louis Kahn's Yale Art Gallery[30] and Center for British Art, Eero Saarinen's Ingalls Rink and Ezra Stiles and Morse Colleges, and Paul Rudolph's Art & Architecture Building. Yale also owns many noteworthy 19th century mansions along Hillhouse Avenue. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1201, 387 KB) Summary Yales Harkness Tower. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1201, 387 KB) Summary Yales Harkness Tower. ... Harkness Tower Harkness Tower is a prominent Gothic structure at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, built from 1917 to 1921. ... Victoria Tower at the Palace of Westminster, London: Gothic details provided by A.W.N. Pugin The Gothic revival was a European architectural movement with origins in mid-18th century England. ... Salk Institute, La Jolla, California Louis Isadore Kahn (February 20, 1901/1902 – March 17, 1974) was a world-renowned architect who practiced in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Saarinens Gateway Arch frames The Old Courthouse, which sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, near the rivers edge. ... Paul Rudolph (October 23, 1918 Elkton, Kentucky – August 8, 1997 New York City), American architect and Dean of the Architecture Department at Yale University. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


Many of Yale's buildings were constructed in the neo-Gothic architecture style from 1917 to 1931. Stone sculpture built into the walls of the buildings portray contemporary college personalities such as a writer, an athlete, a tea-drinking socialite, and a student who has fallen asleep while reading. Similarly, the decorative friezes on the buildings depict contemporary scenes such as policemen chasing a robber and arresting a prostitute (on the wall of the Law School), or a student relaxing with a mug of beer and a cigarette. The architect, James Gamble Rogers, faux-aged these buildings by splashing the walls with acid,[31] deliberately breaking their leaded glass windows and repairing them in the style of the Middle Ages, and creating niches for decorative statuary but leaving them empty to simulate loss or theft over the ages. In fact, the buildings merely simulate Middle Ages architecture, for though they appear to be constructed of solid stone blocks in the authentic manner, most actually have steel framing as was commonly used in 1930. One exception is Harkness Tower, 216 feet (66 m) tall, which was originally a free-standing stone structure. It was reinforced in 1964 to allow the installation of the Yale Memorial Carillon. Frieze of the Tower of the Winds. ... A tribute to Rogers in a Yale residential college James Gamble Rogers (b. ... The term leaded glass either refers to: glass containing lead oxide, which increases its density and enhances its refraction and dispersion of light. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Harkness Tower Harkness Tower is a prominent Gothic structure at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, built from 1917 to 1921. ... The Yale Memorial Carillon (sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Harkness Carillon) is a carillon of 54 bells in Harkness Tower at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. ...


Other examples of the Gothic (also called neo-Gothic and collegiate Gothic) style are on Old Campus by such architects as Henry Austin, Charles C. Haight and Russell Sturgis. Several are associated with members of the Vanderbilt family, including Vanderbilt Hall,[32] Phelps Hall,[33] St. Anthony Hall (a commission for member Frederick William Vanderbilt), the Mason, Sloane and Osborn laboratories, dormitories for the Sheffield Scientific School (the engineering and sciences school at Yale until 1956) and elements of Silliman College, the largest residential college.[34] The Old Campus is the complex of buildings at Yale University that houses incoming freshmen from 10 out of 12 Yales residential colleges. ... Henry Austin (December 4, 1804—December 17, 1891) was a prominent and prolific American architect based in New Haven, Connecticut. ... Charles Coolidge Haight (1841 – February 9, 1917) was a New York architect. ... Russell Sturgis (October 16, 1836 - February 11, 1909), United States architect and art critic, was born in Baltimore County, Maryland. ... St. ... [Hyde Park, NY] Frederick William Vanderbilt (February 2, 1856 – June 29, 1938) was a member of the financially and socially preeminent Vanderbilt family. ... The Sheffield Scientific School was founded as Yale Scientific School in 1854 and renamed in 1861 in honor of Joseph E. Sheffield. ... Silliman College is a residential college at Yale University. ...

Ironically, the oldest building on campus, Connecticut Hall (built in 1750), is in the Georgian style and appears much more modern. Georgian-style buildings erected from 1929 to 1933 include Timothy Dwight College, Pierson College, and Davenport College, except the latter's east, York Street façade, which was constructed in the Gothic style. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 434 KB) Summary Connecticut Hall, in Yale Universitys Old Campus. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 434 KB) Summary Connecticut Hall, in Yale Universitys Old Campus. ... Connecticut Hall Connecticut Hall on the right and McCellan Hall, built in 1925 as a replica of Connecticut Hall, on the left. ... Connecticut Hall Connecticut Hall on the right and McCellan Hall, built in 1925 as a replica of Connecticut Hall, on the left. ... A Georgian house in Salisbury Georgian architecture is the name given in English-speaking countries to the architectural styles current between about 1720 and 1840, named after the four British monarchs named George. ... Timothy Dwight College Timothy Dwight College, commonly abbreviated and referred to as TD, is a residential college at Yale University named after two university presidents, Timothy Dwight IV and Timothy Dwight V. It was built in 1935, at a cost of $2 million, and renovated in 2001-2. ... Pierson College is a residential college at Yale University, founded in 1933. ... Davenport College (colloquially often referred to as Dport) is one of the twelve residential colleges of Yale University. ...


The Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, designed by Gordon Bunshaft of Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill, is one of the largest buildings in the world reserved exclusively for the preservation of rare books and manuscripts.[35] It is located near the center of the University in Hewitt Quadrangle, which is now more commonly referred to as "Beinecke Plaza." The library's six-story above-ground tower of book stacks is surrounded by a windowless rectangular building with walls made of translucent Vermont marble, which transmit subdued lighting to the interior and provide protection from direct light, while glowing from within after dark. Yale Universitys Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library was a 1963 gift of the Beinecke family. ... Gordon Bunshaft (May 9, 1909–August 6, 1990) was a 20th century architect educated at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. ... The architectural firm of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill LLP (SOM) was formed in Chicago in 1936 by Louis Skidmore and Nathaniel Owings; in 1939 they were joined by John Merrill. ... Hewitt University Quadrangle (until 1917, University Court; informally, Hewitt Quadrangle or Beinecke Plaza) is a plaza at the center of the Yale University campus which is the home of the administrative buildings. ... Hewitt University Quadrangle (until 1917, University Court; informally, Hewitt Quadrangle or Beinecke Plaza) is a plaza at the center of the Yale University campus which is the home of the administrative buildings. ...


The sculptures in the sunken courtyard by Isamu Noguchi are said to represent time (the pyramid), the sun (the circle), and chance (the cube). Isamu Noguchi , November 17, 1904 - December 30, 1988) was a prominent Japanese -American artist and landscape architect whose artistic career spanned six decades, from the 1920s onward. ...


Alumnus Eero Saarinen, Finnish-American architect of such notable structures as the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Washington Dulles International Airport main terminal, and the CBS Building in Manhattan, designed Ingalls Rink at Yale and the newest residential colleges of Ezra Stiles and Morse. These latter were modelled after the medieval Italian hilltown of San Gimignano — a prototype chosen for the town's pedestrian-friendly milieu and fortress-like stone towers. These tower forms at Yale act in counterpoint to the college's many Gothic spires and Georgian cupolas.[36] Saarinens Gateway Arch frames The Old Courthouse, which sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, near the rivers edge. ... The Old Courthouse sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, with the arch to the east, near the rivers edge. ... FAA Airport Diagram Washington Dulles International Airport (IATA: IAD, ICAO: KIAD, FAA LID: IAD) is a public airport located 25 miles (40 km) west of the central business district of Washington, D.C., in Loudoun County and Fairfax County, Virginia, United States. ... The CBS Building in New York City, also known as Black Rock, is the 38-story headquarters of the CBS Corporation. ... Ingalls Rink, or in full, David S. Ingalls Rink, is a hockey rink designed by architect Eero Saarinen and built between 1953 and 1959 for Yale University. ... San Gimignano is a small walled medieval hilltop town in Tuscany, Italy, about a 35-minute drive northwest of Siena or southwest of Florence. ...


Notable nonresidential campus buildings

Notable nonresidential campus buildings and landmarks include:[37]

Yale's secret societies, whose buildings (some of which are called "tombs") were built both to be intensely private yet ostentatiously theatrical, display diversity and fancifulness of architectural expression, include: Sterling Memorial Library Sterling Memorial Library is the largest library at Yale University, containing over 4 million volumes in over 15 floors. ... Harkness Tower Harkness Tower is a prominent Gothic structure at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, built from 1917 to 1921. ... Woolsey Hall interior Woolsey Hall is the primary auditorium at Yale University. ... Yale Universitys Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library was a 1963 gift of the Beinecke family. ... The Yale University Art Gallery is located at 1111 Chapel Street in New Haven, Connecticut. ... The Yale Center for British Art is an art museum associated with Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut in the United States. ... The Payne Whitney Gymnasium is the gymnasium of Yale University. ... Ingalls Rink, or in full, David S. Ingalls Rink, is a hockey rink designed by architect Eero Saarinen and built between 1953 and 1959 for Yale University. ... Battell Chapel, built in 1874-76 as a Civil War memorial, with funds donated by Joseph Battell, and designed by Russell Sturgis, Jr. ... The Yale Art & Architecture Building is one of the most widely known examples of Brutalist architecture. ... The Osborne Memorial Labs were built in the late 1800s as the home for biology at Yale University. ... Sterling Law Building Sterling Law Building is the building of Yale Law School. ... The Peabody Museum of Natural History at Yale University was founded by the philanthropist George Peabody in 1866 at the behest of his nephew Othniel Charles Marsh, the early paleontologist. ...

Berzelius is the third-oldest secret society at Yale University. ... Don Barber (born December 2, 1964 in Victoria, British Columbia) is a retired National Hockey League forward. ... Book and Snake member list showing current CIA Director, Porter Goss, and former Secretary of Defense, Les Aspin, as 1960 inductees. ... Architects first real look at the Greek Ionic order: Julien David LeRoy, Les ruines plus beaux des monuments de la Grèce Paris, 1758 (Plate XX) The Ionic order forms one of the three orders or organizational systems of classical architecture, the other two canonic orders being the Doric and... Elihus colonial-era building, on a basement constructed earlier, in the early 1600s. ... In general, the word colonial means of or relating to a colony. In United States history, the term Colonial is used to refer to the period before US independence. ... Mace and Chain is the youngest landed secret society at Yale University. ... Manuscript Society is a secret society for seniors at Yale University. ... Josef Albers (1888 - 1976), was a German artist and educator whose work, both in Europe and in the United States, formed the basis of some of the most influential and far-reaching art education programs of the 20th century. ... Mid-Century modern is an architectural, interior and product design form that generally describes post-war developments in modern design from roughly 1949 to 1965. ... The Scroll and Key Society is a secret society established by John Addison Porter and others at Yale University, New Haven, CT, in 1842. ... Facade of Yale Universitys Scroll and Key Society, displaying Moorish gate and patterned forecourt. ... ... For the pirate flag, see Jolly Roger. ... The Federal Customs House (now Federal Hall, New York City, with Ithiel Town, 1833 – 42 Alexander Jackson Davis (A.J. Davis) (New York City July 24, 1803 – January 14, 1892) was the most successful and influential American architect of his generation. ... Henry Austin (December 4, 1804—December 17, 1891) was a prominent and prolific American architect based in New Haven, Connecticut. ... Egyptian Revial mausoleum of Maj. ... This article is about the building material and the dwelling. ... Neo-gothic architecture is an American branch of the Gothic revival style that was imported from England in the 1830s. ... St. ... Charles Coolidge Haight (1841 – February 9, 1917) was a New York architect. ... Neo-gothic architecture is an American branch of the Gothic revival style that was imported from England in the 1830s. ... Silliman College is a residential college at Yale University. ... Wolfs Head Society (W.H.S.), incorporated in 1883 as The Third Society by the Phelps Trust Association, is the third oldest secret society at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. ... Goodhue by Lee Lawrie, holding the Rockefeller Chapel, Chicago, Illinois Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue (April 28, 1869 _ April 23, 1924) was a renowned American architect celebrated for his work in neo-gothic design. ...

Campus life

Residential colleges

Main article: Yale College

Yale has a system of 12 residential colleges, instituted in 1933 through a grant by Yale graduate Edward S. Harkness, who admired the college systems at Oxford and Cambridge. Each college has a carefully constructed support structure for students, including a Dean, Master, affiliated faculty, and resident Fellows. Each college also features distinctive architecture, secluded courtyards, and facilities ranging from libraries to squash courts to darkrooms. While each college at Yale offers its own seminars, social events, and Master's Teas with guests from the world, Yale students also take part in academic and social programs across the university, and all of Yale's 2,000 courses are open to undergraduates from any college. For other uses, see Yale (disambiguation). ... A residential college is an organisational pattern for a division of a university that places academic activity in a community setting of students and faculty, usually at a residence and with shared meals, the college having a degree of autonomy and a federated relationship with the overall university. ... Edward Stephen Harkness (1854 - 1940), was an American philanthropist. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... This article is about the city in England. ... Look up squash in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Residential colleges are named for important figures or places in university history or notable alumni; they are deliberately not named for benefactors.


Residential Colleges of Yale University:[38]

  1. Berkeley College, named for the Rt. Rev. George Berkeley (1685–1753), early benefactor of Yale.[39]
  2. Branford College, named for Branford, Connecticut, where Yale was briefly located.[40]
  3. Calhoun College, named for John C. Calhoun, vice-president of the United States.[41]
  4. Davenport College, named for Rev. John Davenport, the founder of New Haven. Often called "D'port".[42]
  5. Ezra Stiles College, named for the Rev. Ezra Stiles, a president of Yale. Generally called "Stiles," despite an early-1990s crusade by then-master Traugott Lawler to preserve the use of the full name in everyday speech. Its buildings were designed by Eero Saarinen.[43]
  6. Jonathan Edwards College, named for theologian, Yale alumnus, and Princeton co-founder Jonathan Edwards. Generally called "J.E." The oldest of the residential colleges, J.E. is the only college with an independent endowment, the Jonathan Edwards Trust.[44]
  7. Morse College, named for Samuel F. B. Morse, inventor of Morse code. Also designed by Eero Saarinen.[45]
  8. Pierson College, named for Yale's first rector, Abraham Pierson.[46]
  9. Saybrook College, named for Old Saybrook, Connecticut, the town in which Yale was founded.[47]
  10. Silliman College, named for noted scientist and Yale professor Benjamin Silliman. About half of its structures were originally part of the Sheffield Scientific School.[48]
  11. Timothy Dwight College, named for the two Yale presidents of that name, Timothy Dwight IV and Timothy Dwight V. Often abbreviated as "T.D."[49]
  12. Trumbull College, named for Jonathan Trumbull, Governor of Connecticut. [50]

In 1990, Yale launched a series of massive renovations to the older residential buildings, whose decades of existence had seen only routine maintenance and incremental improvements to plumbing, heating, and electrical and network wiring. Renovations to many of the colleges are now complete, and among other improvements, renovated colleges feature newly built basement facilities including restaurants, game rooms, theaters, athletic facilities and music practice rooms. Berkeley College is a residential college at Yale University, constructed in 1930. ... George Berkeley (IPA: , Bark-Lee) (12 March 1685 – 14 January 1753), also known as Bishop Berkeley, was an influential Irish philosopher whose primary philosophical achievement is the advancement of a theory he called immaterialism (later referred to as subjective idealism by others). ... Branford College is one of the 12 residential colleges at Yale University. ... Location in Connecticut Coordinates: , Country State NECTA New Haven Region South Central Region Named 1653 Government  - Type Representative town meeting  - First selectman Cheryl P. Morris (D) Area  - Town  28. ... Calhoun College is a residential college of Yale University. ... John Caldwell Calhoun (March 18, 1782 – March 31, 1850) was a leading United States Southern politician and political philosopher from South Carolina during the first half of the 19th century, at the center of the foreign policy and financial disputes of his age and best known as a spokesman for... Davenport College (colloquially often referred to as Dport) is one of the twelve residential colleges of Yale University. ... Contemporary portrait of John Davenport John Davenport (April 9, 1597 – March 15, 1670) was a puritan clergyman and co-founder of the American colony of New Haven. ... Ezra Stiles College is a residential college at Yale University, built in 1961 by Eero Saarinen. ... The Rev. ... Traugott Lawler is a medievalist scholar, expert on William Langland, and an emeritus professor of English at Yale University, where he served as master of Ezra Stiles College. ... Saarinens Gateway Arch frames The Old Courthouse, which sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, near the rivers edge. ... Jonathan Edwards College, Winter 2004 Jonathan Edwards College is a residential college at Yale University. ... Jonathan Edwards (October 5, 1703- March 22, 1758) was a colonial American Congregational preacher and theologian. ... Morse College is one of the twelve residential colleges at Yale University, built in 1961 and designed by Eero Saarinen. ... Samuel Finley Breese Morse (April 27, 1791 – April 2, 1872) was an American painter of portraits and historic scenes, the creator of a single wire telegraph system, and co-inventor, with Alfred Vail, of the Morse Code. ... 1922 Chart of the Morse Code Letters and Numerals Morse code is a method for transmitting telegraphic information, using standardized sequences of short and long elements to represent the letters, numerals, punctuation and special characters of a message. ... Saarinens Gateway Arch frames The Old Courthouse, which sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, near the rivers edge. ... Pierson College is a residential college at Yale University, founded in 1933. ... Reverend Abraham Pierson (1641-1707) was the first rector, from 1701 to 1707 of the Collegiate School — which later become Yale University. ... Saybrook College is one of the 12 residential colleges at Yale University. ... Old Saybrook is a town in Middlesex County, Connecticut, United States. ... Silliman College is a residential college at Yale University. ... Benjamin Silliman. ... The Sheffield Scientific School was founded as Yale Scientific School in 1854 and renamed in 1861 in honor of Joseph E. Sheffield. ... Timothy Dwight College Timothy Dwight College, commonly abbreviated and referred to as TD, is a residential college at Yale University named after two university presidents, Timothy Dwight IV and Timothy Dwight V. It was built in 1935, at a cost of $2 million, and renovated in 2001-2. ... Reverend Timothy Dwight, portrait by John Trumbull Timothy Dwight (May 14, 1752–January 11, 1817) was an American Congregationalist minister, theologian, educator, and author. ... Timothy Dwight V (1828 - 1916) was President of Yale University from 1886 through 1899. ... Trumbull College is a residential college of Yale University. ... Gov. ...


The Yale administration is currently evaluating the feasibility of building two new residential colleges.[51]


Sports

The Walter Camp Gate at the Yale Athletic Complex.
The Walter Camp Gate at the Yale Athletic Complex.

Yale supports 35 varsity athletic teams that compete in the Ivy League Conference, the Eastern College Athletic Conference, the New England Intercollegiate Sailing Association, and Yale is an NCAA Division I member. Like other members of the Ivy League, Yale does not offer athletic scholarships and is no longer competitive with the top echelon of American college teams in the big-money sports of basketball and football. Nevertheless, American Football was largely created at Yale by player and coach Walter Camp, who evolved the rules of the game away from rugby and soccer in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Yale has numerous athletic facilities, including the Yale Bowl (the nation's first natural "bowl" stadium, and prototype for such stadiums as the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum and the Rose Bowl), located at The Walter Camp Field athletic complex, and the Payne Whitney Gymnasium, the second-largest indoor athletic complex in the world.[52] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 288 KB) Summary Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 288 KB) Summary Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Walter Chauncey Camp (April 7, 1859 – March 14, 1925) was a sports writer and football coach known as the Father of American Football. Along with John Heisman, Amos Alonzo Stagg, Glenn Scobey Warner, and George Halas, Camp was one of the most significant people in the history of American football. ... For other uses, see Ivy League (disambiguation). ... The Eastern College Athletic Conference is a College Athletic Conference comprising schools that compete in 35 mens and womens sports. ... New England Intercollegiate Sailing Association (NEISA) organizes and regulates intercollegiate sailing in New England, which includes 42 member schools including club teams such as the Wheaton College Sailing Team and also varisty programs such as the Yale Varsity Sailing Team. ... The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often pronounced N-C-Double-A or N-C-Two-A ) is a voluntary association of about 1,200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... Walter Chauncey Camp (April 7, 1859 – March 14, 1925) was a sports writer and football coach known as the Father of American Football. Along with John Heisman, Amos Alonzo Stagg, Glenn Scobey Warner, and George Halas, Camp was one of the most significant people in the history of American football. ... The Yale Bowl is a football stadium in New Haven, Connecticut on the border of West Haven. ... For board track racing circuit, see Los Angeles Coliseum Motordome. ... The Rose Bowl is an outdoor football stadium in Pasadena, California, a suburb of Los Angeles. ... The Payne Whitney Gymnasium is the gymnasium of Yale University. ...


October 21st, 2000 marked the dedication of Yale's fourth new boathouse in 157 years of collegiate rowing. The Gilder Boathouse is named to honor former Olympic rower Virginia Gilder '79 and her father Richard Gilder '54, who gave $4 million towards the $7.5 million project. Yale also maintains the Gales Ferry site where the heavyweight men's team trains for the prestigious Yale-Harvard Boat Race. Yale crew is the oldest collegiate athletic team in America, and today Yale Rowing boasts lightweight men, heavyweight men, and a women's team. All of an internationally competitive caliber. Gales Ferry refers both to a village in Connecticut and to a complex of buildings within that village at the site of the ferry which gave the community its name. ... The Yale-Harvard Boat Race is an annual rowing race between Yale and Harvard universities. ...


The Yale Corinthian Yacht Club, founded in 1881, is the oldest collegiate sailing club in the world. The yacht club, located in nearby Branford, Connecticut, is the home of the Yale Sailing Team, which has produced several Olympic sailors. Yale Corinthian Yacht Club is the home yacht club for the Yale University Coed and Womens Sailing Teams. ... A yacht club in Cienfuegos, Cuba Columbia yacht club in Chicago, Illinois A yacht club is a sports club specifically related to sailing and yachting. ... Location in Connecticut Coordinates: , Country State NECTA New Haven Region South Central Region Named 1653 Government  - Type Representative town meeting  - First selectman Cheryl P. Morris (D) Area  - Town  28. ... Olympic Games Summer Olympic Games Medal count Winter Olympic Games Medal count Olympic sports Medal counts Participating NOCs Olympic symbols Olympics WikiProject Olympics Portal Athens 2004 • Beijing 2008 Torino 2006 • Vancouver 2010 ...

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1588x850, 402 KB) Ingalls Rink at Yale University File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Yale University Ingalls Rink Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1588x850, 402 KB) Ingalls Rink at Yale University File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Yale University Ingalls Rink Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... Ingalls Rink, or in full, David S. Ingalls Rink, is a hockey rink designed by architect Eero Saarinen and built between 1953 and 1959 for Yale University. ... Saarinens Gateway Arch frames The Old Courthouse, which sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, near the rivers edge. ... The worlds first double curvature lattice steel Shell by V.G.Shukhov (during construction), Vyksa near Nizhny Novgorod, 1897 Thin-shell structures can be defined as curved structures capable of transmitting loads in more than two directions to supports. ... The worlds first steel tensile structure by Vladimir Shukhov (during construction), Nizhny Novgorod, 1896 The Sidney Myer Music Bowl in Kings Domain, Melbourne A tensile structure is a construction of elements carrying only tension and no compression or bending. ...

Mascot

The school mascot is "Handsome Dan," the famous Yale bulldog, and the Yale fight song (written by alumnus Cole Porter) contains the refrain, "Bulldog, bulldog, bow wow wow." The school color is Yale Blue. Yale logo featuring stylized profile of Handsome Dan Handsome Dan is the mascot of Yale Universitys athletic teams, a bulldog. ... For other uses, see Bulldog (disambiguation). ... A fight song is primarily a sports term, referring to a song associated with a team. ... Cole Albert Porter (June 9, 1891 – October 15, 1964) was an American composer and songwriter from Peru, Indiana. ... A refrain (from the Old French refraindre to repeat, likely from Vulgar Latin refringere) is the line or lines that are repeated in music or in verse; the chorus of a song. ... Yale Blue – the dark blue color used in association with Yale University – varies with use and history. ...


Yale athletics are supported by the Yale Precision Marching Band. The band attends every home football game and many away, as well as most hockey and basketball games throughout the winter. The Yale Precision Marching Band is the official marching band of Yale University. ...


Yale intramural sports are a vibrant aspect of student life. Students compete for their respective residential colleges, which fosters a friendly rivalry. The year is divided into fall, winter, and spring seasons, each of which includes about ten different sports. About half the sports are coed. At the end of the year, the residential college with the most points (not all sports count equally) wins the Tyng Cup.


Student life

Yale College students come from a variety of ethnic, national, and socio-economic backgrounds. Of the 2006-07 freshman class, 9% are international students, while 54% went to public high schools.[3] Minority students are visible and active in numerous cultural organizations, several cultural houses, and campus events.


Yale is also an open campus for the gay community. Its active LGBT community first received wide publicity in the late 1980s, when Yale obtained a reputation as the "gay Ivy," due largely to a 1987 Wall Street Journal article written by Julie V. Iovine, an alumna and the spouse of a Yale faculty member. During the same year, the University hosted a national conference on gay and lesbian studies and established the Lesbian and Gay Studies Center.[4] The slogan "One in Four, Maybe More; One in Two, Maybe You" was coined by the campus gay community. While the community in the 1980s and early 1990s was very activist, today most LGBT events have become part of the general campus social scene. For example, the annual LGBT Co-op Dance attracts queer as well as straight students. The strong programs at the School of Music, School of Drama, and School of Art also thrive. The sociological construct of a gay community is complex among those that classify themselves as homosexual, ranging from full-embracement to complete and utter rejection of the concept. ... The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ... The Yale School of Music has received a gift of $100 million that will allow the school to subsidize fully the tuition for all students, Yale President Richard C. Levin has announced. ... Yale School of Drama traces its roots to the Yale Dramatic Association, the second oldest college theatre association in the country, founded in 1900. ... The Yale School of Art is one of twelve constituent schools of Yale University. ...


Campus cultural life features many concerts, shows, recitals, and operas.


Student organizations

There are a large number of student organizations. There are a number of student organizations at Yale University. ...


The Yale Political Union, the oldest student political organization in the United States, is often the largest organization on campus, and is advised by alumni political leaders such as John Kerry and George Pataki. The Yale Political Union (YPU) is a debate society at Yale University, founded in 1934 by Professor Alfred Whitney Griswold (1906–1963), who would later become University President, to combat the apathy that characterized Yales political culture in the 1930s. ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ... George Elmer Pataki (born June 24, 1945) is an American politician who was the 57th Governor of New York serving from January 1995 until January 1, 2007. ...


The university hosts a variety of student journals, magazines, and newspapers. The latter category includes the Yale Daily News, which was first published in 1878 and is the oldest daily college newspaper in the United States, as well as the weekly Yale Herald, first published in 1986. Dwight Hall, an independent, non-profit community service organization, oversees more than 2,000 Yale undergraduates working on more than 60 community service initiatives in New Haven. The Yale College Council runs several agencies that oversee campus wide activities and student services. The Yale Dramatic Association and Bulldog Productions cater to the theater and film communities, respectively. A front page of the Yale Daily News. ... The Yale Herald is a weekly newspaper run by students at Yale University. ... The Yale Dramatic Association, also known as the Dramat, is one of the oldest college theater companies in the country. ... Founded in 2003 by Adam Davenport, Bulldog Productions is the only undergraduate film production company based at Yale University. ...


The campus also includes several fraternities and sororities. The campus features at least 18 a capella groups, the most famous of which is The Whiffenpoofs, who are unusual among college singing groups in being made up solely of senior men. A number of prominent secret societies, including Skull and Bones, Scroll and Key and Wolf's Head, are composed of Yale College seniors. The terms fraternity and sorority (from the Latin words and , meaning brother and sister respectively) may be used to describe many social and charitable organizations, for example the Lions Club, Epsilon Sigma Alpha, Rotary International, Optimist International, or the Shriners. ... Whiffenpoofs official logo The Yale Whiffenpoofs are the oldest collegiate a cappella group in the US, established in 1909. ... For the Europe album, see Secret Society (Europe album). ... For the pirate flag, see Jolly Roger. ... The Scroll and Key Society is a secret society established by John Addison Porter and others at Yale University, New Haven, CT, in 1842. ... Wolfs Head is the third oldest secret society at Yale University. ...


New Haven

New Haven has experienced major economic growth in the past couple of decades, turning it into a state cultural center and hub for travel. In the past decade, technology and biotech firms and investment by Yale have put a new face on this colonial city. In 2003, New Haven was selected as an All-America City, in recognition of its immigrant neighborhoods, city parks, and blocks of old mansions, quaint stores and big chains, and one of the world's pre-eminent universities. “New Haven” redirects here. ... All-America City Program Logo The All-America City Award is given by the National Civic League annually to ten cities in the United States. ...


Yale students run for alderman, work in City Hall, and launch non-profit organizations. Yalies go to Toad's Place to hear bands like Built to Spill and Rufus Wainwright, enjoy cheap martinis at Hot Tomatoes, or buy home-brewed beer and brick-oven pizza at BAR; and visitors check out exhibits at the Peabody Museum before taking in a show at the Shubert Theater. Toads Place is a historic concert venue and nightclub located on York Street in New Haven, Connecticut. ... Built to Spill is an American indie rock band based in Boise, Idaho. ... Rufus McGarrigle Wainwright (born July 22, 1973) is a Canadian-American singer-songwriter. ... The Peabody Museum of Natural History at Yale University was founded by the philanthropist George Peabody in 1866 at the behest of his nephew Othniel Charles Marsh, the early paleontologist. ... Shubert Theatre, Boston The Shubert Organization was founded by the Shubert brothers, Sam Shubert, Lee Shubert, and Jacob J. Shubert of Syracuse, New York in the late 19th century in upstate New York, entering into New York City productions in 1900. ...


The area's quality of life attracts businesses and residents who are unaffiliated with the university. For example, hedge funds are moving east from the world's hedge-fund capital of Greenwich. Downtown New Haven's luxury apartments draw thousands of young professionals who reverse-commute to high-paying corporate jobs in more suburban parts of Connecticut. The city has become a center for architecture firms, due in part to Eero Saarinen, whose firm moved to New Haven in the early 1960s, and younger colleagues including Cesar Pelli, and the "alumni" of his New Haven firm have started firms of their own in the city. Downtown New Haven is the neighborhood located in the heart of the city of New Haven, Connecticut. ... Pellis Petronas Twin Tower César Pelli (born October 12, 1926 in Tucumán, Argentina) is a noted architect known for designing some of the worlds tallest buildings and other major urban landmarks. ...


Yale people of note

Nineteen Nobel laureates are affiliated with the university. The Nobel Prizes (Swedish: ), as designated in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, are awarded for physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace. ... The following list provides information on nobel laureates and their affiliation to academic institutions. ...


Benefactors

Yale has had many financial supporters, but some stand out by the magnitude of their contributions. Among those who have made large donations commemorated at the university are:

Elihu Yale Elihu Yale, (April 5, 1649 – July 8, 1721), was the first benefactor of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut in the United States. ... Edward Stephen Harkness (1854 - 1940), was an American philanthropist. ... Paul Mellon KBE (11 June 1907 – 1 February 1999) was an American philanthropist and Thoroughbred racehorse owner/breeder who is one of the only four people ever designated Exemplars of Racing by the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame. ... Joseph Earl Sheffield (June 19, 1793 – February 16, 1882) was an American railroad magnate and philanthropist. ... John William Sterling (May 12, 1844 - July 5, 1918) was a philanthropist, corporate attorney, and major benefactor to Yale University. ... William Payne Whitney (March 20, 1876 - May 25, 1927) was a wealthy American businessman and member of the influential Whitney family. ... Colonel William Kelsey Lanman Jr. ...

Notable alumni

All U.S. presidents since 1989 have been Yale graduates, namely George H. W. Bush, Bill Clinton (who attended the University's Law School along with his wife, New York Senator Hillary Clinton), and George W. Bush, and Vice President Dick Cheney, (although he did not graduate). Many of the 2004 presidential candidates attended Yale: Bush, John Kerry, Howard Dean, and Joe Lieberman. Yalies are persons affiliated with Yale University, commonly including alumni, current and former faculty members, students, and others. ... George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States, serving from 1989 to 1993. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... // A law school is an institution where future lawyers obtain legal degrees. ... This article is about the state. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... REDIRECT Hillary Rodham Clinton   This is a redirect from a title with another method of capitalisation. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Richard Bruce Dick Cheney (born January 30, 1941), is the 46th and current Vice President of the United States, serving under President George W. Bush. ... Presidential election results map. ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ... Howard Brush Dean III (born November 17, 1948) is an American politician and physician from the U.S. state of Vermont, and currently the chairman of the Democratic National Committee, the central organ of the Democratic Party at the national level. ... Joseph Isadore Joe Lieberman (born February 24, 1942) is an American politician from Connecticut. ...


Other Yale-educated presidents were William Howard Taft (B.A.) and Gerald Ford (LL.B). Alumni also include several Supreme Court justices, including current Justices Clarence Thomas and Samuel Alito. For other persons named William Howard Taft, see William Howard Taft (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Gerald Ford, see Gerald Ford (disambiguation). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the... Clarence Thomas (born June 23, 1948) is an American jurist and has been an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States since 1991. ... Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr. ...


Additional famous alumni are noted in the List of Yale University people, including Nobel Laureates, politicians, artists, athletes, activists, and numerous others who have led notable lives. Yalies are persons affiliated with Yale University, commonly including alumni, current and former faculty members, students, and others. ... The Nobel Prizes (Swedish: ), as designated in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, are awarded for physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace. ...


Notable professors

Yalies are persons affiliated with Yale University, commonly including alumni, current and former faculty members, students, and others. ...

Staff and labor unions

Much of Yale University's staff, including most maintenance staff, dining hall employees, and administrative staff are unionized. Yale has a history of difficult and prolonged labor negotiations, often culminating in strikes.[citation needed] In a 2003 strike, however, more Union employees were working than striking. [53] There are currently three unions of Yale employees. [54]


Miscellany and traditions

  • Yale students claim to have invented Frisbee, by tossing around empty pie tins from the Frisbie Pie Company. Another traditional Yale game was bladderball, played between 1954 and 1982.[citation needed]
  • Yale's Handsome Dan is believed to be the first live college mascot in America, having been established in 1889.[citation needed]
  • Yale seniors at graduation smash clay pipes underfoot to symbolize passage from their "bright college years."[56][57][58]
  • Yale's student tour guides tell visitors that students consider it good luck to rub the toe of the statue of Theodore Dwight Woolsey on Old Campus. Actual students rarely do so.[59]
  • The college is, after normalization for institution size, the tenth-largest baccalaureate source of doctoral degree recipients in the United States, and the largest such source within the Ivy League. [60]

A Wham-O Professional Frisbee For the amusement ride, see Frisbee (ride). ... The Frisbie Pie Company (1871-1958) was founded by William Russell Frisbie in Bridgeport, Connecticut. ... Bladderball was a game traditionally played by students of Yale University, between 1954 and 1982. ... “New Haven” redirects here. ... The Yale golf course, owned and operated in New Haven near the West Haven border by Yale University, is a fine example of early American golf course design, with large, deeply bunkered greens and narrow rolling fairways challenging the golfer; it is considered one of the best collegiate golf courses... Map of Thimble Islands The Thimble Islands are an archipelago of small islands in Long Island Sound, in and near the harbor of Stony Creek, Connecticut in the southeast corner of Branford, Connecticut, . Known to the Mattabesec Indians as the beautiful sea rocks, they consist of a jumble of granite... Yale logo featuring stylized profile of Handsome Dan Handsome Dan is the mascot of Yale Universitys athletic teams, a bulldog. ... Millie, once mascot of the City of Brampton, is now the Brampton Arts Councils representative. ...

Campus safety

In the 1970s and 1980s, poverty and violent crime rose in New Haven, dampening Yale's student and faculty recruiting efforts.[citation needed] In 1991, junior Christian Prince was slain on Hillhouse Avenue, resulted in a brief decline in applications and leading Yale to boost the size of its police force, transfer secondary police responsibilities to an expanded security force, and install emergency blue phones around campus.[61] Yale also began to make payments-in-lieu-of-taxes to the city ($2.3 million in 2005; $4.18 million in 2006). This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A violent crime or crime of violence is a crime in which the offender uses or threatens violent force upon the victim. ... Christian Haley Prince ( 1972?- 17 February 1991) was a Yale student whose murder in New Haven highlighted racial and class tensions between town and gown. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


Between 1990 and 2006, New Haven's crime rate fell by half, helped by a community policing strategy by the New Haven police and Yale's campus became one of the safest among the Ivy League and other peer schools.[62] In 2002–04, Yale reported 14 violent crimes (homicide, aggravated assault, or sex offenses), when Harvard reported 83 such incidents, Princeton 24, and Stanford 54. The incidence of nonviolent crime (burglary, arson, and motor vehicle theft) was also lower than most of its peer schools.


In 2004, a national non-profit watchdog group called Security on Campus filed a complaint with the Department of Education, accusing Yale of under-reporting rape and sexual assaults.[63][64]


Murders or attempted murders involving Yale students or faculty include:

  • In 1974, Yale junior Gary Stein was killed in a robbery. Melvin Jones was convicted in the case and spent fifteen years in prison.
  • In 1977, Yale student Bonnie Garland was killed by her former boyfriend, Yale graduate student Richard Herrin, while she was sleeping in her parents' house in Scarsdale, New York, where he was visiting. The support of the Yale Catholic community for the perpetrator caused great controversy.[65]
  • On June 24, 1993, computer science professor David Gelernter was seriously injured in his office in Arthur K. Watson Hall by a bomb sent by serial killer Ted Kaczynski ("The Unabomber").
  • In 1998, student Suzanne Jovin was stabbed to death in a wealthy neighborhood two miles (3 km) from the central campus. Allegations that her thesis advisor was a suspect led to the end of his career at Yale, but the crime remains unsolved.

The Yale Campus has been the site of three bombing incidents. In addition to that carried out by the Unabomber, mentioned above, on May Day in 1970, during the New Haven Black Panther trials, two bombs were set off in the basement of Ingalls Rink. No injuries resulted, and the perpetrators were never identified. On May 21, 2003, an explosive device went off at the Yale Law School, damaging two classrooms. The latter crime has not been solved, and no motive has been discerned; the bombing occurred while the nation was under an elevated terror alert, and while the university was involved in difficult labor negotiations. The homes of at least two former employees were searched, but no arrests have been made in the case. Gary Stein is a Sports Marketing Sales Manager / Sportscaster currently living in Baltimore, Maryland. ... This article is being considered for deletion, in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... This article is being considered for deletion, in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Scarsdale redirects here. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... David Hillel Gelernter is a professor of computer science at Yale University. ... Serial killers are individuals who have a history of multiple slayings of victims who were usually unknown to them beforehand. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Suzanne Jovin, from Göttingen, Germany, was an undergraduate at Yale University, majoring in political science and international relations. ... May Day is May 1, and refers to any of several holidays celebrated on this day. ... On May 20, 1969, Black Panther Party founder and national chairman Bobby Seale spoke at Yale University. ... Ingalls Rink, or in full, David S. Ingalls Rink, is a hockey rink designed by architect Eero Saarinen and built between 1953 and 1959 for Yale University. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Sterling Law Building Sculptural ornamentation on the Sterling Law Building Yale Law School, or YLS, is the law school of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. ...


Yale in fiction and popular culture

Further information: List of Yale University people#Fictional and Yale in popular culture

Yalies are persons affiliated with Yale University, commonly including alumni, current and former faculty members, students, and others. ... Yale is often featured in popular culture. ... Owen McMahon Johnson (August 27, 1878- January 27, 1952) was an American writer best remembered for his stories and novels cataloguing the educational and personal growth of the fictional character Dink Stover. ... Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24, 1896 – December 21, 1940) was an American Jazz Age author of novels and short stories. ... This article is about the novel. ... The Curious Case of Benjamin Button is a 2007 film directed by David Fincher. ... Frank Merriwell was the fictional creation of Burt L. Standish (real name: Gilbert Patten). ... Gilmore Girls is an American television drama/comedy created by Amy Sherman-Palladino and starring Lauren Graham and Alexis Bledel. ... Information Nickname(s) Rory, Mary (from Tristan DuGrey), Ace (from Logan Huntzberger) Age 22 Date of birth October 8, 1984 Occupation journalist Family Lorelai Gilmore (mother) Christopher Hayden (father) Georgia GiGi Tinsdale (half-sister) Spouse(s) Logan Huntzberger (Ex-boyfriend) Dean Forester (Ex-boyfriend) Jess Mariano (Ex-boyfriend) Relatives Emily... Paris Eustace Geller is a fictional character on the television series Gilmore Girls, played by Liza Weil. ... Richard Gilmore (born January 1943) is a fictional character on the television series Gilmore Girls, played by Edward Herrmann. ... Grounded for Life was an American television sitcom. ... The Skulls was a 2000 film starring Joshua Jackson, Paul Walker, and Leslie Bibb; and directed by Rob Cohen. ... For the pirate flag, see Jolly Roger. ... Established in 1909, the Whiffenpoofs are an all-male vocal ensemble at Yale University, and the oldest collegiate singing group in the nation. ... The Good Shepherd is an Academy Award-nominated 2006 film directed by Robert De Niro (his second directorial effort after A Bronx Tale) and starring Matt Damon and Angelina Jolie, with an extensive supporting cast. ... “CIA” redirects here. ... Robert Underdunk Terwilliger, better known by his stage name Sideshow Bob, is a recurring fictional character in the animated television series The Simpsons, who is voiced by Kelsey Grammer, and first appeared briefly in the episode The Telltale Head, although his first major appearance was in Krusty Gets Busted. Sideshow... Charles Montgomery Burns, normally referred to as Mr. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... John Henry OHara (31 January 1905 – 11 April 1970) was an American writer. ... For other uses, see New Yorker. ... Brendan Gill (October 4, 1914 – December 27, 1997) wrote for The New Yorker for more than 60 years. ... George V. Higgins (13 November 1939 – 6 November 1999) was a United States author, lawyer, newspaper columnist, and college professor. ... Sterling Memorial Library Yale University Library is the library system of Yale University. ... BUtterfield 8 is a 1960 film about a promiscuous model (Elizabeth Taylor) who fears that she is on the verge of crossing the line from slutitude to prostitution, until she and one of her paramours (Laurence Harvey) fall in love. ... Appointment in Samarra, published in 1934, is the first novel by John OHara. ... A Minute With Stan Hooper, also known as Stan Hooper, was a short-lived sitcom on the FOX Network starring Norm MacDonald. ... The L Word is a television drama series on Showtime that portrays the lives, loves and learnings of a group of lesbian and bisexual women and their friends, family and lovers in Los Angeles. ... Aaron Benjamin Sorkin (born June 9, 1961) is an American screenwriter, producer and playwright. ... This article is about a TV show. ... Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip is an Emmy Award winner and Golden Globe Award nominated American television Comedy-drama series created and written by Aaron Sorkin. ... Holy Night is episode 76 of The West Wing. ... This article is about a TV show. ... Established in 1909, the Whiffenpoofs are an all-male vocal ensemble at Yale University, and the oldest collegiate singing group in the nation. ... Mary Mazzio is an American documentary filmmaker, attorney, and olympic athlete in crew who participated in the 1992 Summer Olympics. ... Boy Meets World is an American television sitcom that chronicled the events and everyday life lessons of Cory Matthews, who grows up from a pre-pubescent boy to a married man. ... Topanga Lawrence is a fictional character created by writer Patricia Forrester. ...

Points of interest

The Marsh Botanical Garden [1] (8 acres) is a botanical garden, arboretum, and greenhouses located on the Yale University campus at 277 Mansfield street, New Haven, Connecticut. ... The Egyptian Revival entry gateway Grove Street Cemetery or Grove Street Burial Ground in New Haven, Connecticut is located in the center of the Yale University campus. ...

See also

Half-time festivities at The Game, Yale Bowl The Game (always capitalized) is a title given to several U.S. college football rivalry games, but most particularly the annual contest between Harvard and Yale. ... Yale University Press is a book publisher founded in 1908. ... Town and gown is a term used to describe the two communities of a university town; town being the non-academic population and gown the university community, especially in traditional seats of learning such as Oxford and Cambridge. ... A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Y -- Z The alphabetical listing is based on Christina DeMellos pages at http://www. ... Directed Studies at Yale University is a selective humanities study program for freshmen, popularly known as DS or even Directed Suicide for its heavy workload. ... For other uses, see Ivy League (disambiguation). ... This list of US and colleges and universities by endowment contains the 56 universities in the United States that have an endowment of at least 1 billion US dollars (at fiscal year-end 2005). ... Yales We Suck Prank On November 20, 2004, at the annual Yale-Harvard football game, Yale students used a card stunt to trick more than 1,800 Harvard fans into holding up placards that spelled WE SUCK. Michael Kai and David Aulicino, two Yale students from the Class of... Yales main reception - note the signs are in both English and Welsh Yale College Wrexham is a college in Wrexham, Wales. ... The Yale Club of New York City, commonly called the Yale Club, is a prominent private club in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, New York, USA. Its membership is restricted almost entirely to alumni and faculty of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. ... The Yale-Harvard Boat Race is an annual rowing race between Yale and Harvard universities. ... In the fall of 2007, Yale University will launch the Yale Open Educational Resources Video Lecture Project. ...

Books on Yale

  • Lyman H. Bagg, Four Years at Yale, New Haven, 1891.
  • Walter Camp and L. S. Welch, Yale: Her Campus, Classrooms and Athletics, Boston, 1899.
  • Arnold G. Dana, Yale Old and New, 78 vols. personal scrapbook, 1942.
  • Clarence Deming, Yale Yesterdays, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1915.
  • Franklin B. Dexter, Biographical Sketches of Graduates of Yale: Yale College with Annals of the College History, 6 vols. New York, 1885–1912.
  • Robert Dudley French, The Memorial Quadrangle, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1929.
  • Edgar S. Furniss, The Graduate School of Yale, New Haven, 1965.
  • Toni Gilpin, Gary Isaac, Dan Letwin, and Jack McKivigan, On Strike For Respect, (updated edition: University of Illinois Press, 1995,)
  • Reuben A. Holden, Yale: A Pictorial History, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1967.
  • William L. Kingsley, Yale College. A Sketch of its History, 2 vols. New York, 1879.
  • Dan A. Oren, Joining the Club: A History of Jews and Yale, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1985.
  • Cary Nelson, ed. Will Teach for Food: Academic Labor in Crisis, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, 1997.
  • Edwin Oviatt, The Beginnings of Yale (1701–1726), New Haven, Yale University Press, 1916.
  • George Wilson Pierson, Yale College, An Educational History (1871–1921), New Haven, Yale University Press, 1952.
  • George Wilson Pierson, The Founding of Yale: The Legend of the Forty Folios, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1988.
  • Patrick L. Pinnell, The Campus Guide: Yale University, Princeton Architectural Press, New York, 1999.
  • Yale, The University College (1921–1937), New Haven, Yale University Press, 1955.
  • Anson Phelps Stokes, Memorials of Eminent Yale Men, 2 vols. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1914.

Walter Chauncey Camp (April 7, 1859 – March 14, 1925) was a sports writer and football coach known as the Father of American Football. Along with John Heisman, Amos Alonzo Stagg, Glenn Scobey Warner, and George Halas, Camp was one of the most significant people in the history of American football. ... Yale University Press is a book publisher founded in 1908. ... The University of Illinois Press is a major American university press. ... Cary Nelson, professor of English and Jubilee Professor of Liberal Arts and Sciences at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, is the current president of the American Association of University Professors and a prominent scholar-activist. ... The University of Minnesota Press is a university press that is part of the University of Minnesota. ... Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections, both formal and informal, to Princeton University. ... Anson Phelps Stokes (1874-1958), was an American educator, clergyman, author, philanthropist and civil rights activist. ...

Secret Societies

  • Robbins, Alexandra, Secrets of the Tomb: Skull and Bones, the Ivy League, and the Hidden Paths of Power, Little Brown & Co., 2002; ISBN 0-316-73561-2 (paper edition).
  • Millegan, Kris (ed.), Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, TrineDay, 2003. ISBN 0-9752906-0-6 (paper edition).

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b Yale Endowment Grows 28%, Topping $22 Billion. New York Times (2007). Retrieved on 2007-09-27.
  2. ^ http://world.yale.edu/about/index.html
  3. ^ About Yale: "Facts." Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  4. ^ Yale University: "Some Facts & Statistics About Yale University." Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  5. ^ op. cit.
  6. ^ Yale Alumni Magazine: "Preparing for Yale's Fourth Century." Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  7. ^ "Listen, Elis'![sic] Hear You Not These Joyful Sounds? Songs of Victors at the Revere. Over Three Hundred Cheer for Harvard." The Boston Daily Globe, December 9, 1890, p. 7. (Story about a Revere House celebration of a Harvard football victory over Yale).
  8. ^ Fitzgerald, F. Scott (1920), This Side of Paradise, chapter 2: "half-a-dozen seats were kept from sale and occupied by six of the worst-looking vagabonds that could be hired from the streets... At the moment in the show where Firebrand, the Pirate Chief, pointed at his black flag and said, “I am a Yale graduate—note my Skull and Bones!”—at this very moment the six vagabonds were instructed to rise conspicuously and leave the theatre with looks of deep melancholy and an injured dignity. It was claimed though never proved that on one occasion the hired Elis were swelled by one of the real thing."
  9. ^ Kanya Balakrishna (November 20, 2006). Five Elis win Rhodes. Yale Daily News. Retrieved on 2006-12-31., "Four Yale undergraduates and one student from the Graduate School are among the 32 students around the country to receive Rhodes scholarships this year.
  10. ^ Mark Alden Branch (February 2003). The Ten Greatest Yalies Who Never Were. Yale Alumni Magazine. Retrieved on 2006-2-26.
  11. ^ The Harvard Crimson: "I'm Gonna Git YOU Sukka: Classic Stories of Revenge at Harvard." Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  12. ^ Increase Mather, in the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition. Encyclopedia Britannica (1911)..
  13. ^ http://vcencyclopedia.vassar.edu/index.php/A_History_of_the_Curriculum_1865-1970s
  14. ^ Yale Bulletin and Calendar: "Transformations brought about by Yale women." Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  15. ^ Yale Alumni Magazine: "The Birth of a New Institution." Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  16. ^ Boston Globe 11/17/2002, Magazine, p. 6
  17. ^ Los Angeles Times 10/4/2000, p. E1
  18. ^ Los Angeles Times 10/4/2000, p. E1
  19. ^ Boston Globe 11/17/2002, Magazine, p. 6
  20. ^ New York Times 8/13/2000, p. 14
  21. ^ Boston Globe 8/13/2000, p. F1
  22. ^ Kinsley, Michael, "How affirmative action helped George W." (January 20, 2003).
  23. ^ Yale Alumni Magazine, May/June 2004, p. 45
  24. ^ Webster G. Tarpley and Anton Chaitkin. George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography: Chapter XXII Bush Takes The Presidency. Webster G. Tarpley. Retrieved on 2006-12-17.
  25. ^ Dowd, Maureen (1998), "Bush Traces How Yale Differs From Harvard." The New York Times, June 11, 1998, p. 10
  26. ^ Yale Alumni Magazine: "For Country: The (Second) Great All-Blue Presidential Race." Retrieved April 9, 2007.
  27. ^ Yale Daily News: "Admission rate rises." Retrieved April 9, 2007.
  28. ^ a b Yale Daily News: "Diverse class of 2010 arrives in Elm City." Retrieved April 9, 2007.
  29. ^ Assorted pictures of Yale's campus. Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  30. ^ About the Yale Art Gallery. Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  31. ^ Yale Herald: "Donor steps up to fund CCL renovations." Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  32. ^ Vanderbilt Hall
  33. ^ Phelps Hall
  34. ^ Silliman College
  35. ^ Beinecke Rare Book Library: "About the Library Building." Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  36. ^ Assorted pictures of Ezra Stiles College. Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  37. ^ Further architectural data is online at http://www.facilities.yale.edu/Campus/Campus.asp
  38. ^ Yale University: "Undergraduate Residential Life." Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  39. ^ Berkeley College Home Page
  40. ^ Branford College Home Page
  41. ^ Calhoun College Home Page
  42. ^ Davenport College Home Page
  43. ^ Ezra Stiles College Home Page
  44. ^ Jonathan Edwards College Home Page
  45. ^ Morse College Home Page
  46. ^ Pierson College Home Page
  47. ^ Saybrook College Home Page
  48. ^ Silliman College Home Page
  49. ^ Timothy Dwight College Home Page
  50. ^ Trumbull College Home Page
  51. ^ Yale Daily News: "Study on expansion accelerates." Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  52. ^ Yale Herald: "House of Payne gets ready for the new millennium." Retrieved April 9, 2007.
  53. ^ http://www.yale.edu/opa/newsr/03-09-12-02.all.html
  54. ^ http://www.yaleunions.org/
  55. ^ Yale University: "A Framework for Campus Planning." Retrieved April 9, 2007.
  56. ^ The New York Times, June 18, 1940
  57. ^ The New York Times, May 30, 1886.
  58. ^ Singing the Blues at Yale by Thomas Toch. US News & World Report, June 8, 1992.
  59. ^ "Yale's Tallest Tales" by Mark Alden Branch, Yale Alumni Magazine, March 1998.
  60. ^ [1] "Baccalaureate Origins Peer Analysis 2000, Center College."
  61. ^ Yale Daily News: "In hindsight, a tragic death prompted a paradigm shift." Retrieved April 9, 2007.
  62. ^ Office of Post-Secondary Education: "Security search." Retrieved April 9, 2007.
  63. ^ Yale Daily News: "Panel questions way University handles sex crimes." Retrieved April 9, 2007.
  64. ^ Yale Daily News: " Yale may not report all crimes." Retrieved April 9, 2007.
  65. ^ The Yale Murder: The Compelling True Narrative of the Fatal Romance of Bonnie Garland and Richard Herrin, Peter Meyer, The Killing of Bonnie Garland: A Question of Justice, Willard Gaylin
  66. ^ University of Georgia: "The Rise of Intercollegiate Football and Its Portrayal in American Popular Literature." Retrieved April 9, 2007.
  67. ^ The text of Frank Merriwell at Yale is published online by Project Gutenberg http://www.gutenberg.org/files/11115/11115-h/11115-h.htm
  68. ^ Forbes Fictional Fifteen: "C. Montgomery Burns." Retrieved April 9, 2007.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Yale Alumni Magazine is an alumni magazine about Yale University. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Harvard Crimson, the breakfast daily of Harvard University, was founded in 1873. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... 1913 advertisement for the 11th edition, with the slogan When in doubt — look it up in the Encyclopædia Britannica The Encyclopædia Britannica (properly spelled with æ, the ae-ligature) was first published in 1768–1771 as The Britannica was an important early English-language general encyclopedia and is still... The Yale Alumni Magazine is an alumni magazine about Yale University. ... The Boston Globe is the most widely-circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and in the greater New England region. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... The Boston Globe is the most widely-circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and in the greater New England region. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... The Boston Globe is the most widely-circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and in the greater New England region. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Yale Alumni Magazine is an alumni magazine about Yale University. ... A front page of the Yale Daily News. ... A front page of the Yale Daily News. ... The Yale Herald is a weekly newspaper run by students at Yale University. ... A front page of the Yale Daily News. ... The Yale Herald is a weekly newspaper run by students at Yale University. ... A front page of the Yale Daily News. ... A front page of the Yale Daily News. ... A front page of the Yale Daily News. ...

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Yale University's Project Open Book Evaluation (3982 words)
Yale library bibliography staff played a key role in reviewing this work, assessing several years worth of course offerings at the graduate and undergraduate level, contacting faculty in three disciplines by phone and letter, and obtaining commitments from them to use the project's digital image files for research and teaching.
We sought broad consensus on task definition from University departments (for example, the computing center, the medical school complex, and the Yale University Press) that in the future may need to recruit digital imaging technical support staff.
Yale University Library is well-along in planning to provide patrons access to its catalog on the World Wide Web.
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