The Yale School of Medicine is a privatemedical school located in New Haven, Connecticut. It was founded in 1810 as The Medical Institution of Yale College, and formally opened in 1813  (http://info.med.yale.edu/omca/students/minority_history.htm).
The school is notable for its assessment of student achievement. In particular, the school employs the so-called "Yale System" wherein first- and second-year students are not graded or ranked amongst their classmates. In addition, course examinations are optional, and are intended only for students' self-evaluation. Student performance is thus based on seminar participation, clinical clerkship evaluations, and the United States Medical Licensing Examination  (http://info.med.yale.edu/education/admissions/yale_system/index.html).
Yale's 70 undergraduate majors are primarily focused on a liberal curriculum, and few of the undergraduate departments are pre-professional in nature (even the engineering departments encourage and require students to explore academic disciplines outside of engineering).
Yale traces its beginnings to "An Act for Liberty to Erect a Collegiate School" passed by the General Court of the Colony of Connecticut and dated October 9, 1701.
Yale, like other Ivy League schools, instituted policies in the early twentieth century designed to artificially increase the proportion of upper-class white Christians of notable families in the student body (see Numerus clausus), and was one of the last of the Ivies to eliminate such preferences, beginning with the class of 1970.
Yale New Haven Hospital, one of the oldest established hospitals in the United States, is a tertiary referral center and an urban community hospital with approximately 900 beds.
In addition, the School of Medicine is affiliated with the YaleSchool of Epidemiology and Public Health as well as the Yale Child Study Center.
Finally, Yale is one of four sites of the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, a graduate program designed to provide new skills in quantitative and qualitative sciences so that clinicians may improve health and medical care at the systems level and achieve leadership positions nationally and globally.
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