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Encyclopedia > Yakutsk
Yakutsk (English)
Якутск (Russian)

Location of Yakutsk in the Lena watershed
Coordinates
62°2′N 129°44′E / 62.033, 129.733Coordinates: 62°2′N 129°44′E / 62.033, 129.733
Coat of Arms Flag
City Day: Second Sunday of September
Administrative status
Federal subject
In jurisdiction of
Capital of
Sakha Republic
Sakha Republic
Sakha Republic
Local self-government
Charter Charter of Yakutsk
Municipal status n/a
Mayor Ilya Mikhalchuk
Legislative body City Council of Deputies
Area
Area n/a
Population (as of the 2002 Census)
Population
- Rank
- Density
210,642 inhabitants
89th
n/a
Events
Founded 1632
Other information
Postal code n/a
Dialing code +7 4112
Official website
http://www.yakutsk-city.ru/

Yakutsk (Russian: Яку́тск; Yakut: Дьокуускай) is a city in the Russian Far East, located about 4° (450 kilometres) below the Arctic Circle. It is the capital of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (formerly the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic), Russia and a major port on the Lena River. It is served by Yakutsk Airport as well as the smaller Yakutsk Magan Airport. Population: 210,642 (2002 Census); 186,626 (1989 Census). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... It has been suggested that the section intro from the article Civil flag be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Russian: ; Sakha: Саха Республиката) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Russian: ; Sakha: Саха Республиката) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Russian: ; Sakha: Саха Республиката) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Federal subjects of the Russian Federation Being the largest country in the world, and one of the most populated, Russia incorporates several types and levels of subdivisions. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... This is a list of cities and towns in Russia with population over 50,000, grouped by federal subject and sorted by population. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Postal codes are generally clearly visible outside local Australian post offices. ... // Proposed Country Code: 3 In 1996, the European Commission proposed the introduction of a single telephone numbering plan, in which all European Union member states would use the code 3. Calls between member states would no longer require the use of the international access code 00. This proposal would have... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... The Yakut language, or Sakha, is a Turkic language with around 363,000 speakers that is spoken in the Sakha Republic in the Russian Federation. ... Types of inhabited localities in Russia, Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states have certain peculiarities with respect to the English language traditions. ... Far Eastern Federal District (highlighted in red) Russian Far East (Russian: Д́альний Вост́ок Росс́ии; English transliteration: Dalny Vostok Rossii) is an informal term that refers to the Russian part of the Far East, i. ... World map showing the Arctic Circle in red A sign along the Dalton Highway marking the location of the Arctic Circle The Arctic Circle is one of the five major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. ... The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Russian: ; Sakha: Саха Республиката) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... The Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Yakut ASSR) was an autonomous republic of the Soviet Union. ... The Lena (Russian: Ле́на) in Siberia is the 10th longest river in the world and has the 9th largest watershed. ... Yakutsk Airport (Russian: Аэропо́рт Яку́тск) (IATA: YKS, ICAO: UEEE) is an airport in Yakutsk, Russia. ... Yakutsk Magan (ICAO: UEMM) is an airport in Sakha Republic, Russia located 1 km east of Magan. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... The 1989 Soviet Census was the final and most comprehensive census taken within The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics The census officially recorded the popullation of the USSR at 286,717,000, making it the third most populous country in the world. ...


It is also a highway center and has tanneries, sawmills, and brickworks. Yakutsk was founded in 1632 as a Cossack fort but did not grow into a city until the discovery of large reserves of gold and other minerals in the 1880s and 1890s. These reserves were developed extensively during the industrialisation under Stalin. The rapid growth of forced labour camps in Siberia also encouraged Yakutsk's development. Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of Ottoman Empire. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Standard atomic weight 196. ... A mineral is a naturally occurring substance formed through geological processes that has a characteristic chemical composition, a highly ordered atomic structure and specific physical properties. ... Josef Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili (Georgian: , Ioseb Besarionis Dze Jughashvili; Russian: , Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili) (December 18 [O.S. December 6] 1878[2] – March 5, 1953), better known by his adopted name, Joseph Stalin (alternatively transliterated Josef Stalin), was General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Unions Central Committee from...


Additionally, Yakutsk is connected with Magadan by the Kolyma Highway, dubbed the Road of Bones, which was constructed by inmates from Gulag and Sevvostlag labor camps. Magadan vicinity from the US Defense Mapping Agency (1978) Orthographic projection centred over Magadan Magadan, Russia city flag. ... Kolyma River Bridge, Magadan Oblast The Kolyma Highway, also known as the Road of Bones (Russian: , Federal Automobile Highway Kolyma), is a road through far Eastern Russia. ... Gulag ( , Russian: ) was the government body responsible for administering prison camps across the former Soviet Union. ... Men constructing the Highway under some of the harshest conditions on Earth Sevvostlag was a complex of labour camps located in Kolyma. ... A labor camp is a simplified detention facility where inmates are engaged in penal labor. ...


Work is underway to connect Yakutsk to the Baikal Amur Mainline. This project, the AYAM, is expected to be completed in 2010. Baikal-Amur Magistral in green; Trans-Siberian line in red The Baikal-Amur Mainline (Russian Байкало-Амурская Магистраль, Baikalo-Amurskaya Magistral’, BAM) is a railway line in Russia. ...


The city has a university (founded 1956) and a branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, which contains, among others, the Institute of Cosmophysical Research, which runs the Yakutsk Extensive Air Shower installation (one of the largest cosmic-ray detector arrays in the world), and the Permafrost Research Institute developed with the aim of solving the serious and costly problems associated with construction of buildings on frozen soil. Russian Academy of Sciences (Росси́йская Акаде́мия Нау́к) is the national academy of Russia. ... Cosmic rays can loosely be defined as energetic particles originating outside of the Earth. ...

The tower of ostrog, or fort, in Yakutsk was constructed in 1683
The tower of ostrog, or fort, in Yakutsk was constructed in 1683
Kulakovsky Street at night. On the left, Sciences Building of the university

Yakutsk is also home to Sakha theater and the Museum of Mammoth. It has offices of many mining companies, including ALROSA, whose diamond mines in Yakutia account for about 20% of the world's rough diamond output. The tower of ostrog, a 17th-century Russian fortress, in Yakutsk. ... The tower of ostrog, a 17th-century Russian fortress, in Yakutsk. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Kulakovskystreet. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Kulakovskystreet. ... Almazy Rossii-Sakha, known as Alrosa, is Russias largest diamond company. ...


Yakutsk is one of the coldest cities on earth, with January temperatures averaging −45°F (−42.8°C). The coldest temperatures ever recorded outside Antarctica occur in the basin of the Yana River to the northeast. Despite this however, July temperatures can often exceed 90°F (32.2°C), making the region among the greatest in the world for seasonal temperature differentials. Yakutsk is the biggest city built on continuous permafrost. Most houses are built on concrete piles. The Yana River (Яна in Russian), a river in Sakha in Russia, located between the Lena to the west and the Indigirka to the east. ... In geology, permafrost or permafrost soil is soil at or below the freezing point of water (0°C or 32°F) for two or more years. ...


The Lena River runs through the city, and in the summer there are various boat cruises offered, including upriver to the Lena Pillars, and downriver which visit spectacular scenery in the lower reaches and the Lena Delta. The Lena (Russian: Ле́на) in Siberia is the 10th longest river in the world and has the 9th largest watershed. ...


External links

  • Media related to Yakutsk from Wikimedia Commons.
  • Flickr photos tagged yakutsk
  • Yakutsk State University
  • Lena Pillars at Natural Heritage Protection Fund site
  • (Russian) Some photos of Yakutsk
  • (Russian) Yakutsk past and present: a photo gallery at the site of the Ministry of Construction of the Sakha Republic


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Coat of arms of Sakha Cities and towns in the Sakha Republic Flag of Russia
Capital: Yakutsk

Aldan | Lensk | Mirny | Neryungri | Nyurba | Olyokminsk | Pokrovsk | Srednekolymsk | Tommot | Udachny | Verkhoyansk | Vilyuysk Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_Sakha_(Yakutia). ... The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Russian: ; Sakha: Саха Республиката) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Aldan is a town in Yakutia, Russia. ... Lensk (Russian: ) is a city located on the left bank of the Lena River in Siberia. ... Mirny (Russian: ) is a town in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 820 km west of Yakutsk on the Irelyakh River (Vilyuys basin) at . Population: 39,981 (2002 Census); 38,793 (1989 Census). ... Neryungri (Russian: ) is a town in the Sakha Republic, Russia. ... Coat of arms of Nyurba Nyurba (Russian: ) is a town in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Vilyuy River, 846 km north-west of Yakutsk. ... Olyokminsk (Russian: ) is a town in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the left bank of the Lena River, 651 km southwest of Yakutsk. ... Pokrovsk (Russian: ) is a town in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 70 km south of Yakutsk on the Lena River at . Population: 10,092 (2002 Census). ... Coat of arms of Srednekolymsk Srednekolymsk (Russian: ) is a town in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 1,485 km north-east of Yakutsk on the left bank of the Kolyma River at . Population: 3,587 (2002 Census). ... Tommot (Russian: ) is a town in the Sakha Republic, Russia founded in 1923. ... Udachny (Russian: ) is a town in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 1,370 km north-west of Yakutsk on the Markha River at . Population: 15,698 (2002 Census). ... Verkhoyansk (Russian: ) is a town in the Sakha Republic, Russia, situated on the Yana River, near the Arctic Circle, 675 km from Yakutsk. ... Coat of arms of Vilyuysk Vilyuysk (Russian: ) is a town in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located some 600 km from Yakutsk on the Vilyuy River (left tributary of the Lena) at . Population: 9,776 (2002 Census). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Yakutsk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (324 words)
The tower of ostrog, or fort, in Yakutsk was constructed in 1683.
Yakutsk was founded in 1632 as a Cossack fort but did not grow into a city until the discovery of large reserves of gold and other minerals in the 1880s and 1890s.
Yakutsk is one of the coldest cities on earth, with January temperatures regularly remaining below −40 °C (−40 °F).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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