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Encyclopedia > Yakuts
Yakuts
Total population

450,000

Regions with significant populations
Russia
Languages
Sakha, Russian
Religions
Russian Orthodox, with a significant part of the population practicing Shamanism
Related ethnic groups
Other Turkic Peoples

Yakuts, self-designation: Sakha, are a Turkic people associated with the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Sakha, or Yakut, is a Turkic language with around 363,000 speakers that is spoken in the Sakha Republic in the Russian Federation. ... The Russian Orthodox Church (Русская Православная церковь) is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with... A shaman doctor of Kyzyl. ... This is the disambiguation page for the terms Turk, Turkey, Turkic, and Turkish. ... The Turkic people are any of various peoples whose members speak languages in the Turkic family of languages. ... The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Russian: ; Yakut: Саха Республиката) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ...


The Yakut or Sakha language belongs to the Northern branch of the Turkic family of languages. There are about 456,000 speakers (Russian census, 2002) mainly in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in the Russian Federation, with some extending to the Amur, Magadan, Sakhalin regions, and the Taimyr and Evenki Autonomous Districts. The population of Yakutia is about 980,000[1] of whom approximately 382,000 are Yakuts[2] or about 39% of the population in Yakutia; their share lowered during Soviet rule due to forced immigration, and other relocation policies, but has slightly increased since. Given the large number of speakers, the Yakut language is considered to be somewhat less endangered than most other regional languages of the Russian Federation. The Yakut language, or Sakha, is a Turkic language with around 363,000 speakers that is spoken in the Sakha Republic in the Russian Federation. ... The Turkic languages constitute a language family of some thirty languages, spoken across a vast area from Eastern Europe to Siberia and Western China with an estimated 140 million native speakers and tens of millions of second-language speakers. ... The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Russian: ; Yakut: Саха Республиката) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... The Amur River (Russian: Амур; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: , or Black Dragon River; Mayan; Mongolian: Хара-Мурэн, Khara-Muren or Black River; Manchu: Sahaliyan Ula, literal meaning Black River) is Earths eighth longest river, forming the border between the Russian Far East and Manchuria in China. ... Magadan vicinity from the US Defense Mapping Agency (1978) Orthographic projection centred over Magadan Magadan, Russia city flag. ... Location of Sakhalin in the Western Pacific Sakhalin, GOST transliteration Sahalin, (Russian: , Korean: Traditional Chinese: 庫頁島; Simplified Chinese: 库页岛; pinyin: kùyèdÇŽo Japanese: 樺太 romaji: karafuto), also Saghalien, is a large elongated island in the North Pacific, lying between 45° 50 and 54° 24 N. It is part of the Russian... Taimyr or Taymyr (Russian: Таймы́р) may mean: a peninsula in Siberia that forms the most northern part of mainland Asia, see Taimyr Peninsula a river in the Taimyr Peninsula, see Taimyr River a lake from which the Taimyr River flows, see Lake Taimyr This... The term Evenki may refer to Evenks people Evenk language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Yakut language, or Sakha, is a Turkic language with around 363,000 speakers that is spoken in the Sakha Republic in the Russian Federation. ...


The Yakuts are divided into two basic groups based on geography and economics. Yakuts in the north are historically semi-nomadic hunters, fishermen, yak and reindeer breeders, while southern Yakuts also engage in animal husbandry focusing on horses and cattle.[3]

Contents

Origin

Most scholars believe the Yakuts originally migrated from Olkhon and the region of Lake Baikal to the basins of the Middle Lena, the Aldan and Vilyuy rivers, where they mixed with other northern indigenous peoples of Russia such as the Evens and Evenks. Малое море strait between Siberia and Olkhon island Olkhon (Ольхон, also transliterated as Olchon) is by far the largest island in Lake Baikal in eastern Siberia, with an area of 730 km². // Olkhon has a dramatic combination of terrain and is rich in archeological landmarks. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... The Lena River (Russian: Ле́на) in Siberia is the 10th longest river in the world and has the 9th largest watershed. ... The Aldan River is the second-longest tributary of the Lena River in eastern Siberia. ... The Vilyuy River is the longest tributary of the Lena in eastern Siberia. ... This list is based solely on territory; the peoples listed here do not belong to a single language family or ethnicity: they are Finno-Ugric, Turkic, Eskimo-Aleut, and other groups. ... The Evens or Eveny (formerly known as the Lamuts a term meaning ocean people in Even) (Эвены in Russian) are a people in Siberia and the Russian Far East. ... The Evenks (obsolete: Tungus, autonym: Эвэнки) are a nomadic Tungusic people, one of the Northern Indigenous Peoples (pop. ...


The northern Yakuts were largely hunters, fishermen and reindeer herders, while the southern Yakut raised cattle and horses. Both groups lived in yurts and led a semi-nomadic life moving from winter to summer camps each year. Binomial name Rangifer tarandus (Linnaeus, 1758) The reindeer, known as caribou when wild in North America, is an Arctic and Subarctic-dwelling deer (Rangifer tarandus). ... A Yurt is a portable felt dwelling structure used traditionally by nomads in the steppes of Central Asia. ...


In the 1620s Russians began to move into their territory, annexed Yakutia, imposed a fur tax, and managed to suppress several Yakut rebellions between 1634 and 1642. The discovery of gold and, later, the building of the Trans-Siberian Railway, brought ever-increasing numbers of Russians into the region. By the 1820s almost all the Yakuts had been converted to the Russian Orthodox church although they retained, and still retain, a number of shamanistic practices. General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... Trans-Siberian line in red; Baikal Amur Mainline in green. ... The Russian Orthodox Church (Русская Православная церковь) is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with... The shaman is an intellectual and spiritual figure who is regarded as possessing power and influence on other peoples in the tribe and performs several functions, primarily that of a healer ( medicine man). The shaman provides medical care, and serves other community needs during crisis times, via supernatural means (means...


In 1919 the new Soviet government named the area the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. In its final decades of its existence, the Soviet Union consisted of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics (SSR), often called simply Soviet republics. ...


Stalin's policy of collectivisation, which began in 1928, was responsible for many thousands of deaths, from which Yakut society did not really begin to recover until the 1960s.[citation needed] Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვი&#4314... Collective farming regards a system of agricultural organization whereas farm laborers are not compensated via wages. ...


An independent Yakut Republic was declared by the Supreme Soviet of Yakutia on 15 August, 1991 but, as the Russians greatly outnumbered the Yakuts in the region, this never became a reality. Capital Yakutsk Area - total - % water Ranked 1st - 3,103,200 km² - negligible Population - Total - Density Ranked 58th - est. ... The Supreme Soviet (Russian: , Verhovniy Sovet, literally the Supreme Council) comprised the highest legislative body in the Soviet Union in the interim of the sessions of the Congress of Soviets, and the only one with the power to pass constitutional amendments. ...


Trivia

Discography Albums External links Hector Zazou reviewed by All Music Guide Hector Zazou reviewed by MBHs Sunday Features ... A cappella music is vocal music or singing without instrumental accompaniment, or a piece intended to be performed in this way. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... Chansons des mers froides (French: songs from the cold seas) is a 1994 album by French musician Hector Zazou. ...

See also

The Dingling/Gaoche/Chile/Tiele (丁零/高車/敕勒/铁勒) peoples were an ancient Siberian people. ... List of indigenous peoples of Russia Ket people Nenets people Tuvan people Buryats Yakuts Enets people Indigenous peoples of the Russian North Categories: | | | ... This article is about the various peoples speaking one of the Turkic languages. ...

Notes

  1. ^ "Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) - General Information" Kommersant - Russia's Daily Online;
  2. ^ "The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) - overview" Russia Trek dotcom source: Yakutsk State University;
  3. ^ Yakuts. Centre for Russian Studies. Retrieved on 2006-10-26.

-1... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ...

References

  • Leontˀeva, Sargylana (2002) "Comments on Ойуун Уол 'shaman fellow': a Yakut historical legend." In John M. Clifton and Deborah A. Clifton (eds.), Comments on discourse structures in ten Turkic languages p. 287-291. St. Petersburg, Russia: SIL International.
  • International Business Publications (ed.) (2001) Sakha Yakut Republic Regional Investment and Business Guide (US Government Agencies Business Library) (3rd ed.) International Business Publications, USA, ISBN 0-7397-9012-9
  • Opyt Etnograficheskogo Issledovaniya (ed.) (1993) Yakuty (The Yakuts, text in Russian, w/illustrations) Opyt Etnograficheskogo Issledovaniya, Moscow

External links

  • A good brief description of Yakut Society
  • Russian translations of Yakut texts (heroic poetry, fairy tales, legends, proverbs, etc)
  • A multi-language dictionary: Yakut - Classical Mongolian - Khalkha - Russian - German - English
  • Historical and administrative background
  • Korolenko, Vladimir Galaktionovich (1980) "Sibirskie rasskazy i ocherki" Hudozhestvennaya literatura, Moscow in Russian
  • Ethnic groups -Yakuts

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Yakuts (644 words)
Yakuts in the north are traditionally semi-nomadic hunters, fishermen and reindeer breeders, while southern Yakuts also engage in animal husbandry, raising horses and cattle.
The Yakuts are most likely descended from a mixture of peoples from the area of Lake Baykal, Turkish tribes from the steppe and Altay mountains, and indigenous peoples of Siberia, particularly the Evens and Evenks.
The fighting, together with a variety of European diseased brought by the Russians, led to a decrease in the Yakut population.
The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire (1294 words)
In 1935--59 the self-designation of the Yakuts, saha, was used as an official Russian name for the Dolgans inhabiting the Taimyr National Territory.
Etnologically the Dolgan society is formed of the Yakut and Tungus clans Dolgan, Dongot, Edjan or Edzhen, and Karanto or Karóntuo.
The Yakut script is alien to the Dolgans, and therefore unsuitable for use in their schools.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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