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In Hinduism, Yajna (Devanagari यज्ञ IAST yajña; also anglicized as Yagna or Yagya) is a ritual of sacrifice (Monier-Williams gives the meanings "worship, prayer, praise; offering, oblation, sacrifice") more commonly practised during Vedic times. It is performed to please the Devas, or sometimes to the Supreme Spirit Brahman. It involves pouring oblations into the divine Agni (the sacrificial fire). Everything that is offered in the divine Agni is believed to reach the Devas. A yajna is typically performed by a hotar, with a number of additional priests playing a supporting role, chanting Vedic verses. Often there will be a fire in the centre of the stage and items are offered into the fire. Among the items offered as ahuti in the Yajna include many coconuts, large quantities of ghee, sandalwood shavings and even quantities of clothing. The time for which a yajna lasts depends on the type of yajna performed, some can last a few hours, some a few days and some even last over years with priests continuously offering sacred items to god accompanied with sacred verses. Yajna is performed typically with a large number of people in attendance. Yajna, where milk products (ghee or yogurt), fruits, flowers, cloth, and money are offered, is also termed homa or havan. A typical Hindu marriage essentially consists of a yajna, because the fire deity Agni is supposed to be the witness of all pious marriages. Brahmins and certain other castes receive a yajnopavita at their upanayana. The yajnopavita symbolizes the right of the individual to carry out yagnas or homams. The mode of temple worship is termed agamic, while communication to divinity through the fire god, Agni, is considered Vedic. Temples of today are generally a combination of both Vedic and Agamic rituals. The sacrifical division of Shastra (Hindu scripture) is the Karma-Kanda portion of the Vedas which describe the most holiest sacrifices. Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Rigveda manuscript in Devanagari (early 19th century) DevanāgarÄ« (देवनागरी — in English pronounced ) (ISCII – IS13194:1991) [1] is an abugida alphabet used to write several Indian languages, including Sanskrit, Hindi, Marathi, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Bihari, Bhili, Konkani, Bhojpuri and Nepali from Nepal. ... IAST, or International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration is the academic standard for writing the Sanskrit language with the Latin alphabet and very similar to National Library at Calcutta romanization standard being used with many Indic scripts. ... A ritual is a set of actions, performed mainly for their symbolic value, which is prescribed by a religion or by the traditions of a community. ... Marcus Aurelius and members of the Imperial family offer sacrifice in gratitude for success against Germanic tribes: contemporary bas-relief, Capitoline Museum, Rome For other uses, see Sacrifice (disambiguation). ... Photo of Monier Monier-Williams by Lewis Carroll Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1819-1899) studied, documented and taught Asian languages in England, and compiled one of the most widely-used Sanskrit-English dictionaries. ... Taken during a Hindu prayer ceremony on the eve of Diwali. ... Mary Magdalene in prayer. ... This article discusses the historical religious practices in the Vedic time period; see Dharmic religions for details of contemporary religious practices. ... It has been suggested that Deva (tribe) be merged into this article or section. ... Brahman (nominative ) is the concept of the supreme spirit found in Hinduism. ... Chinese (Wu Xing) Japanese (Godai) Earth (地) | Water (æ°´) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism (Tattva) and Buddhism (MahābhÅ«ta) Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Bön New Zealand Agni is a Hindu and Vedic deity. ... Chinese (Wu Xing) Japanese (Godai) Earth (地) | Water (æ°´) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism (Tattva) and Buddhism (MahābhÅ«ta) Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Bön New Zealand Agni is a Hindu and Vedic deity. ... The Vedic priesthood is the collective term for the priests of the Vedic religion(similar to witch doctors of tribal africa). ... The Rigveda (Sanskrit , a compound of praise, verse[1] and knowledge) is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns dedicated to the gods. ... Ghee in a jar Wikibooks Cookbook has an article on Ghee Ghee (Hindi घी from Sanskrit ghá¹›ta घृत sprinkled ) is a type of clarified butter important in Indian cuisine. ... An Iranair Boeing 747-100 lands over the houses at London (Heathrow) Airport IRAN AIR is the national and international airline of Iran. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Chinese (Wu Xing) Japanese (Godai) Earth (地) | Water (æ°´) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism (Tattva) and Buddhism (MahābhÅ«ta) Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Bön New Zealand Agni is a Hindu and Vedic deity. ... Upanayanam, sometimes known outside India by the name, sacred thread ceremony, is a Hindu rite-of-passage ritual. ... Chinese (Wu Xing) Japanese (Godai) Earth (地) | Water (æ°´) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism (Tattva) and Buddhism (MahābhÅ«ta) Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Bön New Zealand Agni is a Hindu and Vedic deity. ... There are 1028 hymns in the Rigveda, most of them dedicated to specific deities. ... This article discusses the historical religious practices in the Vedic time period; see Dharmic religions for details of contemporary religious practices. ... The Vedas (Sanskrit: वेद) are a large corpus of texts originating in Ancient India. ...

Contents

Pancha Mahayajnas

Hindu tradition has the Pancha Mahayajnas ("Five Great Yajnas", Taittiriya Aranyaka 2.10) namely: The Yajur Veda यजुर्वेद is one of the four Hindu Vedas; it contains religious texts focussing on liturgy and ritual. ... The Aranyakas (Sanskrit आरण्यक ) are part of the Hindu Å›ruti; these religious scriptures are written in early Classical Sanskrit, and form part of either the Brahmanas or Upanishads. ...

  • Devayajna- consists of offering ahutis to devas
  • Pitruyajna- consists of offering libations to ancestors or pitrus
  • Bhutayajna- consists of offering bali or foodstuffs to all creatures
  • Manushyayajna- consists of feeding guests
  • Brahmayajna- consists of chanting Vedas, namely Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda

Libation scene, Greek red figure cup, c. ... The Vedas (Sanskrit: वेद) are a large corpus of texts originating in Ancient India. ... The Rigveda (Sanskrit: , a tatpurusha compound of praise, verse and knowledge) is a collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns dedicated to the gods. ... The Yajurveda (Sanskrit , a tatpurusha compound of sacrifice + veda knowledge) is one of the four Hindu Vedas. ... The Samaveda (Sanskrit: सामवेद, sāmaveda, a tatpurusha compound of ritual chant + knowledge ), is third in the usual order of enumeration of the four Vedas, the ancient core Hindu scriptures. ... The Atharvaveda (Sanskrit: अथर्ववेद, , a tatpurusha compound of , a type of priest, and meaning knowledge) is a sacred text of Hinduism, and one of the four Vedas, often called the fourth Veda. According to tradition, the Atharvaveda was mainly composed by two groups of rishis known as the Bhrigus and the...

Three kinds of Śrauta Yajnas

Those yajnas explicitly described in the Vedas are known as Śrauta yajnas. The Vedas describe 400 [1] Yajnas. In the category of nitya-karma there are 21 sacrifices. There is no compulsion with regard to the rest of the 400 Yajnas. But the 21, included in the forty samskaras, are required to be performed at least once in a lifetime of a Dvija. These are divided into groups of seven - paaka-yajnas, havir-yajnas, and soma-yajnas. The Vedas (Sanskrit: वेद) are a large corpus of texts originating in Ancient India. ... The Vedas (Sanskrit: वेद) are a large corpus of texts originating in Ancient India. ... Nitya karma refers to those karmas (or rituals) which have to be performed daily by Hindus. ... In Hinduism, Samskaras are rites practiced by Hindus, who are expected to follow them at various stages of his/her life. ... Dvija (sanskrit) means one who is twice born. ...


Pakayajnas

Pakayajnas are minor sacrifices and are performed at home. On every Prathama (first day of the lunar fortnight), a pakayajna and a haviryajna have to be performed in the grhyagni and shrautagni respectively. The first is called sthalipaka. "Sthali" is the pot in which rice is cooked and it must be placed on the aupasana fire and the rice called "caru" cooked in it must be offered in the same fire.


Haviryajnas

The haviryajnas are more elaborate, though not so large in scale as the somayajnas. The haviryajna performed on every Prathama is "darsa-purna-isti", "darsa" meaning the new moon and "purna" the full moon. So the "istis" or sacrifices conducted on the day following the new moon and the full moon (the two Prathamas) are together given the name of darsa-purna-isti. The two rituals are also referred to merely as "isti". This is the prakrti (archetype) for haviryajnas. The first four haviryajnas - adhana, agnihotra, darsa-purna-masa and agrayana - are performed at home. The last three haviryajnas - caturmasya, nirudhapasubandha and sautramani - are performed in a yagasala. The Agnihotra is a Hindu religious ritual, performed at dawn. ...


Somayajnas

The name somayajna is derived from the fact that the essence of the Soma plant, said to be relished by the celestials, is made as an oblation. For soma sacrifices "agnistoma" is the prakrti, the word "stoma" also meaning a sacrifice. The Saman is sung. In such soma sacrifices there is the full complement of priests - the hotar, the adhvaryu, the udgatar and the brahma. Each priest is assisted by three others. So in all there are sixteen priests in a soma sacrifice. Agnistoma which is the first of the seven somayajnas is the prakrti (archetype) and the other six are its vikrti. These six are: atyagnistoma, uktya, sodasi, vajapeya, atiratra and aptoryama. Vajapeya is regarded as particularly important. When its yajamana (sacrificer) comes after having had his ritual bath (avabhrtha snana) at the conclusion of the sacrifice, the king himself holds up a white umbrella for him. "Vaja" means rice (food) and "peya" means a drink. As the name suggests, the vajapeya sacrifice is believed to bring in a bountiful crop and plentiful water. The name is appropriate in another sense also. This sacrifice consists of soma-rasa homa, pasu-homa (23 animals) and anna - or vaja-homa. The sacrificer is "bathed" in the rice that is left over. Since the rice is "poured over" him like water the term "vajapeya" is apt. [2] This article is about the Vedic plant and ritual. ... The Agnistoma or fire sacrifice is a ritual of Vedic religion. ...


More Yajnas

Jyotistoma

This yajna is for elevation to higher planets or lokas (e.g. Indraloka.) In metaphysics and esoteric cosmology, a plane of existence (sometimes called simply a plane, dimension, vibrating plane, or an inner, invisible, spiritual, or supraphysical world) is a theoretical region of space and/or consciousness beyond the known physical universe, or the region containing the universe itself. ...


Pitrloka Yajna

This yajna is for obtaining the planet of the ancestors.


Panchagni Yajna

This sacrifice is addressed in the Chandogya Upanishad. It enables one to achieve Brahmaloka.


Dravyamayar Yajna

This is where people open ashrams for who are in need of them. The five types of ashrams are: dharma-shala, anna-kshetra, atithi-shala, anaathaalya, visya-pitha. An Ashram (Pronounced aashram) in ancient India was a Hindu hermitage where sages (See Rishi) lived in peace and tranquility amidst nature. ...


Tapomaya Yajna

Candrayana and Caturmaasya

These are several vows for conducting life yunder certain rigid rules For example, a devotee does not shave for four months during year (usually in the July-October time period.) Other exmples are that the devotee does not eat certain foods, or does not eat twice a day, or does not leave home (Caturmaasya.)


Svadhyaya Yajna

This sacrifice is engaging in studying of the Shastras (Hindu scripture.)


Prasastekarmani Yajna

This sacrifices means carrying out one's duties. Whatever varna is in one's nature, if one carries out the person is performing this sacrifice. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Harernamanukirtanan Yajna

This sacrifice is hearing ot chanting the glories of the Lord.


Vivaha Yajna

This is the marriage ceremony.


The Avatar of Vishnu

Yajna is the son of Prajapati Ruci and Akuti.During the period of Svayambhuva Manu there was no qualified Indra. So the Lord appeared as Yajna and took that position.In this incarnation he is known as Yajneshwara or Lord of Sacrifice. He is decipted with two heads, seven arms, three legs and four horns (very similar to the deciption of Agni). In his seven arms, he holds sacrificial objects used in the Yajna. In Hinduism, Manu is a title accorded the progenitor of humankind, first king to rule this earth, who saves mankind from the universal flood. ... Chinese (Wu Xing) Japanese (Godai) Earth (地) | Water (水) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism (Tattva) and Buddhism (Mahābhūta) Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Bön New Zealand Agni is a Hindu and Vedic deity. ...


See also

The Yajurveda (Sanskrit , a tatpurusha compound of sacrifice + veda knowledge) is one of the four Hindu Vedas. ... The Ashvamedha (Sanskrit horse sacrifice) was one of the most important royal rituals of Vedic religion, described in detail in the Yajurveda (YV TS 7. ... See Avesta Municipality for the Swedish town Yasna 28. ... An Ashram (Pronounced aashram) in ancient India was a Hindu hermitage where sages (See Rishi) lived in peace and tranquility amidst nature. ... Åšrauta refers to the tradition of the Åšruti in Vaidika Dharma. ... This article discusses the historical religious practices in the Vedic time period; see Dharmic religions for details of contemporary religious practices. ... Pooja can mean: In Hinduism, a pooja or puja is a form of worship. ... Homam may also refer to star Zeta Pegasi Homam is a specific type of puja in Hinduism. ... Abhisheka (also abhiseka, abhishek ~ amongst other such transliterations) is a Sanskrit term comparable to puja, yagya and arati that denotes: a devotional, magical activity; an enacted prayer [1], rite of passage and/or religious rite or ritual. ...

References

  • Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend (ISBN 0-500-51088-1) by Anna Dhallapiccola

External links

  • The Integrated Science of Yagna by Shriram Sharma Acharya.
  • Significance of Athi Rudra Maha Yajnam
  • Read more articles about Yagya and Vedic Yagya on www.vedic-yagya.com

  Results from FactBites:
 
Yajna, the Vedic sacrifice (offering) (0 words)
As the scriptures suggest, the ways of performing yajna was different according to the aim in sight by the sacrificer, the one beneficiary of the rite.
The transition of the outer yajna towards the inner yajna is suggestively described in Garbha Upanishad one of the minor Upanishads.
As for the importance of yajna at the level of humanity, it is tenable to say that by the practice of yoga in many parts of the world, yajna has acquired a worldwide recognition as a valuable spiritual inheritance for mankind.
BISWA KALYAN FOUNDATION (132 words)
At our centre, we offer humanitarian services such as distribution of meals, free medical services and educational services.
Those services are made possible by the contribution of donators who wish to have yajnas performed for their benefit and the benefit of the world.
Based on its work and strong programs, The Biswa Kalyan Foundation has now a College educational status recognized by the ministry of education of the government of India.
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