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Encyclopedia > Yad Vashem
The Hall of Names containing books of all those who perished in the Holocaust.
The Hall of Names containing books of all those who perished in the Holocaust.
The entrance to the museum
The entrance to the museum

Yad Vashem (Hebrew: יד ושם‎ also spelled Yad VaShem; "Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority") is Israel's official memorial to the Jewish victims of the Holocaust established in 1953 through the Memorial Law passed by the Knesset, Israel's parliament. The origin of the name is from a Biblical verse: "And to them will I give in my house and within my walls a memorial and a name (Yad Vashem) that shall not be cut off." (Isaiah, chapter 56, verse 5). (A note on orthography: the two nouns in Hebrew, yad [memorial/hand] and "shem" [name] are often capitalized in English transliterations; similarly, the Hebrew sign for "and" ["v"] is sometimes lowercased.) Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 794 KB) Enterance to Historical Museum - Yad Vashem- Picture taken by deror avi 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 794 KB) Enterance to Historical Museum - Yad Vashem- Picture taken by deror avi 2006. ... Hebrew redirects here. ... “Shoah” redirects here. ... Type Unicameral Speaker of the Knesset Dalia Itzik, Kadima since May 4, 2006 Deputy Speaker Majalli Wahabi, Kadima since May 4, 2006 Members 120 Political groups Kadima Labour-Meimad Shas Likud Last elections March 28, 2006 Meeting place Knesset, Jerusalem, Israel Web site www. ... Isaiah the Prophet in Hebrew Scriptures was depicted on the Sistine Chapel ceiling by Michelangelo. ...


Located at the foot of Mount Herzl in Jerusalem, Yad Vashem is a large complex containing a history museum, memorial chambers, art galleries, archives, outdoor commemorative sites such as the Valley of the Destroyed Communities, a synagogue, and an educational centre. Non-Jews who saved Jews during the Holocaust, often at great personal risk, are honored by Yad Vashem as the "Righteous Among the Nations." Yitzhak and Leah Rabins grave. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... Righteous Among the Nations (Hebrew: חסידי אומות העולם, Hasidei Umot HaOlam), in contemporary usage, is a term often used to describe non-Jews who risked their lives during the Holocaust in order to save Jews from extermination by the Nazis. ...

Contents

Layout

Yad Vashem museum building designed by Safdie
Yad Vashem museum building designed by Safdie
Interior of the building; this hall inside the triangle connects the rooms with the museum displays.
Interior of the building; this hall inside the triangle connects the rooms with the museum displays.

The new Holocaust History Museum was built as a prism-like triangular structure. It is 180 meters long, with stark walls of reinforced concrete and an area of over 4,000 square meters.


There are 10 exhibition halls, each devoted to a different chapter in the history of the Holocaust. Unlike the exhibition in the old museum, which was primarily composed of photographs, the new exhibition is a multi-media presentation that incorporates personal artifacts donated to Yad Vashem by Holocaust survivors, the families of those who perished, and Holocaust museums and memorial sites around the world.


The museum is designed so the visitor begins underground and slowly walks upwards. The exit from the main part of the museum is onto a balcony overlooking a stunning view of Jerusalem valley, and involves the visitor stepping from a dark corridor into direct sunlight (weather and time of day permitting). This is deliberate and intended to represent the struggle of the Jewish people during the dark days of the Holocaust, to the light of Israel, and the future of the Jews; and to emphasise the natural beauty of the country.


Goals and objectives

  • Documentation:
    • recording testimonies of survivors
    • collecting Pages of Testimony memorializing Jewish victims of the Holocaust[1]
    • collecting photos, documents and resources regarding the Holocaust
  • Research and studies:
    • conducting research regarding the Holocaust
    • encouraging students to research the Holocaust
    • publishing research and making it available to the general public
  • Education:
    • operating the International School for Holocaust Studies[2]
    • developing study programs for both Israeli and foreign schools in order to teach young students about the Holocaust
    • holding exhibitions about the Holocaust
    • teaching about the Holocaust to the general public
  • Memorial:
    • preserving the memory and names of those who died during the Holocaust
    • holding ceremonies of remembrance
  • Righteous Among the Nations
    • Honoring non-Jews who risked their lives to save Jews during the Holocaust

A Page of Testimony is a form issued by Yad Vashem (יד ושם) that asks for information about a Jewish victim of the Holocaust. ...

Museum

View of Jerusalem valley at the end of Yad Vashem, symbolizing the future of the Jews.
View of Jerusalem valley at the end of Yad Vashem, symbolizing the future of the Jews.

In 1993, the Yad Vashem institute decided to build a larger museum to replace the one built during the 1960s. This was in response to the construction of larger Holocaust museums in Washington D.C. and Europe. The new museum is the largest Holocaust museum in the world. It is carved into the mountain and designed to reflect the story of the European Jewish community during the Holocaust and their resurrection from the ashes in Israel. It consists of a long corridor with 10 exhibition halls, each dedicated to a different chapter of the Holocaust. The museum combines the personal stories of 90 Holocaust victims and survivors and presents in its exhibitions about 2500 personal items: artworks and letters from the Holocaust donated by survivors. The new museum also includes an auditorium, study hall, computerized data bank and memorial monuments of the more than six million Jews murdered during the Holocaust. Since the 1950s, Yad Vashem has collected approximately 44,000 taped testimonies by Holocaust survivors; as the survivors age and are beginning to become less mobile, the program has expanded to visiting survivors in their homes to tape interviews. Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... Look up Resurrection in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


On March 15, 2005, the dedication of the new Yad Vashem Holocaust museum in Jerusalem, Israel took place. The impressive building was designed by the world acclaimed Jewish architect, Moshe Safdie. Leaders from 40 states and former Secretary General of the UN Kofi Annan attended the inauguration of Holocaust museum. President of Israel Moshe Katzav said that the new museum serves as "an important signpost to all of humankind, a signpost that warns how short the distance is between hatred and murder, between racism and genocide."[3] The building's triangular architectural-shape is said to represent the bottom half of a Star of David, because the world's Jewish population was cut in half as a result of the Holocaust. is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... Moshe Safdie, C.C., B.Arch. ... A large number of international organizations and other bodies have a secretary general or secretary-general as their chief administrative officers or in other administrative capacities. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ... Kofi Atta Annan GCMG (born April 8, 1938) is a Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1, 1997 to January 1, 2007, serving two five-year terms. ... For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ... The President of the State of Israel (‎, Nesi HaMedina, lit. ... Moshe Katsav (Courtesy: Israeli Knesset) Moshe Katsav (משה קצב mosheh qaṣṣāḇ, born December 5, 1945) is the current President of Israel (since 2000). ... This article is about a Jewish symbol. ...


Righteous Among the Nations

Yad Vashem memorial sculpture
Yad Vashem memorial sculpture

One of Yad Vashem's tasks is to honor non-Jews who risked their lives, liberty or positions to save Jews during the Holocaust. To this end a special Commission, headed by a retired Supreme Court Justice, was established. The Commission examines and evaluates each case according to a well-defined set of criteria and regulations. The Righteous receive a certificate of honor and a medal and their names are commemorated on the Mount of Remembrance, Yad Vashem. This is an ongoing project that will continue for as long as there are valid requests, substantiated by testimonies or documentation. Righteous Among the Nations (Hebrew: חסידי אומות העולם, Hasidei Umot HaOlam), in contemporary usage, is a term often used to describe non-Jews who risked their lives during the Holocaust in order to save Jews from extermination by the Nazis. ... Download high resolution version (896x672, 89 KB)Sculpture at the Yad Vashem in Israel. ... Download high resolution version (896x672, 89 KB)Sculpture at the Yad Vashem in Israel. ...


History

The idea of establishing a memorial in Palestine for Jewish victims of the Nazi Holocaust was conceived during World War II, as a response to reports of the mass murder of Jews in Nazi-occupied countries.


Yad Vashem was first proposed in September 1942, at a board meeting of the Jewish National Fund, by Mordecai Shenhavi, a member of Kibbutz Mishmar Ha'emek. The JNF logo found on all JNF charity boxes. ...


In August 1945, the plan was discussed in greater detail at a Zionist meeting in London where it was decided to set up a provisional board of Zionist leaders with David Remez as chairman, Shlomo Zalman Shragai, Baruch Zuckerman, and Shenhavi. David Remez (Hebrew: , born David Drabkin in 1886, died 19 May 1951) was an Israeli politician, the countrys first Minister of Transportation, and a signatory of the Israeli declaration of independence. ...


In February 1946, Yad Vashem opened an office in Jerusalem and a branch office in Tel Aviv and in June that year, convened its first plenary session. In July 1947, the First Conference on Holocaust Research was held at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, where further plans were made for Yad Vashem. However, the outbreak in May 1948 of the War of Independence, brought almost all Yad Vashem operations to a standstill for two years. Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ...


Recent history

In 2000, German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder visited Yad Vashem as a guest of Israeli Premier Ehud Barak and was invited to turn a handle to boost the Eternal Flame. In a much reported diplomatic gaffe he turned the handle the wrong way and extinguished it.[4]   [] (born April 7, 1944), German politician, was Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005. ... Ehud Barak (Hebrew: אֵהוּד בָּרָק) (born Ehud Brog on February 12, 1942) is an Israeli politician, former Prime Minster, and current Minister of Defense and leader of Israels Labor Party. ... The eternal flame at the Monument to the Unknown Soldier in Sofia, Bulgaria Eternal Flame is also a song originally performed by The Bangles. ...


In 2005, in response to a letter by Sa'ar Netanel, a member of the Jerusalem City Council, Avner Shalev, director of Yad Vashem, promised a presentation of information on "other victims" in a "relevant place". Little information on other victims of the Nazis can be found on Yad Vashem's web site as of January 2008.[5]


In September 2007, Yad Vashem received the Prince of Asturias Award for Concord.[6] For other uses, see September (disambiguation). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Anthem: Asturias, patria querida Capital Oviedo Official language(s) Spanish; Asturian has special status Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 10th  10,604 km²  2. ...


See also

This is a per country list of people who helped victims to escape from the Nazi Holocaust during World War II, often called rescuers. Yad Vashem, the Holocaust memorial in Israel, has recognized over 20,000 Righteous Among the Nations. ...

References

  1. ^ The Hall of Names
  2. ^ The International School for Holocaust Studies
  3. ^ Facing the Consequences of Dividing Israel
  4. ^ Hapless Schröder puts out Holocaust flame
  5. ^ New Israel Holocaust Memorial Honors Gay Victims
  6. ^ Yad Vashem Receives Prince of Asturias Award for Concord

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Yad Vashem
  • Yad Vashem website
  • Interactive tour at Yad Vashem new Holocaust Museum, Haaretz
  • Holocaust Memorial Budapest, testimony from the family Jakobovics in 1947
  • Witness: "Karoly Szabo played a determining role among Wallenberg’s supporters"
  • Yad Vashem memorial site for respect of holocaust victims
  • Global Directory of Jewish Museums
  • Yad Vashem information and memorial sites—Go Jerusalem Travel Portal
  • Yad Vashem at ilMuseums.com

Coordinates: 31°46′27″N, 35°10′32″E Haaretz (Hebrew: (help· info), The Land) is an Israeli newspaper, founded in 1919. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

  • New Israel Holocaust Memorial Honors Gay Victims
  • Yad Vashem at World Heritage Tour (360 degree imaging)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Yad Vashem (881 words)
Yad Vashem, the national Authority for the Remembrance of the Martyrs and Heroes of the Holocaust, was established in 1953 by act of the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) to commemorate the six million Jewish men, women and children murdered by the Nazis and their collaborators during the years 1933-1945.
The task of Yad Vashem is to perpetuate the memory and lessons of the Holocaust for future generations.
Central state ceremonies are held at Yad Vashem each year on Remembrance Day for the Martyrs and Heroes of the Holocaust, which is observed according to the Hebrew Calendar on the 27th day of Nisan, the anniversary of the start of the 1943 Warsaw Ghetto Revolt.
Yad Vashem The Holocaust Martyrs'and Heroes' Remembrance Authority (101 words)
Yad Vashem The Holocaust Martyrs'and Heroes' Remembrance Authority
Containing the world’s largest repository of information on the Holocaust, Yad Vashem is a leader in Shoah education, commemoration, research and documentation.
The Middle East Conflict, Antisemitism and The Holocaust
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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