The Yablonoi Mountains or Yablonovyy Mountains are a mountain range in Siberia. The range runs north-east from Mongolia, passing just to the east of Lake Baikal. They run for about 1600 kilometers before joining with the Stanovoi Range. The range forms the dividing line between the rivers that empty into the Arctic Ocean and those that empty into the Pacific. The isolated range is sparsely inhabited, with most of the settlements being based around mines. The area is especially rich in tin. The Trans-Siberian Railroad runs parallel to the range before going through a tunnel to bypass the heights. The range is not particularly tall or large being long and thin. The tallest peak is Mount Sokhondo at 2,500 meters.
Quite different is the lower terrace of the plateau, occupied by the eastern Gobi and the Nerchinsk region, and separated from the upper terrace by the Yablonoi range.
The winter is cold and dry, the thermometer dropping as low as - 58° F. But the snow is so trifling that the horses of the Buryats are able to procure food throughout the winter on the steppes, and in the very middle of the winter wheeled vehicles are used all over the west.
To the east of the Yablonoi ridge the Nerchinsk district feels the influence of the North Pacific monsoons, and snow falls more thickly, especially in the valleys; but the summer is hot and dry.
The country to the north of the desert ranges is thus summarily described by Sven Hedin: "The first zone of drift-sand is succeeded by a region which exhibits proofs of windmodelling on an extraordinarily energetic and well developed scale, the results corresponding to the jardangs and the wind-eroded gullies of the desert of Lop.
The In-shan Mountains, which stretch from 108° to 112° E, have a wild Alpine character and are distinguished from other mountains in the S.E. of Mongolia by an abundance of both water and vegetation.
In the eastern basin drift-sand is encountered between the district of Ude in the north (44° 30’ N.) and the foot of the In-shan in the south.” In two regions, if not in three, the sands have overwhelmed large tracts of once cultivated country, and even buried the cities in which men formerly dwelt.
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