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Encyclopedia > YBCO

Yttrium barium copper oxide, or YBCO, chemical formula YBa2Cu3O7-δ, is a high-temperature superconductor with a superconducting temperature of 94K. Its discovery by C.W. Chu in 1987 launched the era of high-temperature superconductors. It was the first superconductor to break the liquid nitrogen barrier, i.e. the first to be superconducting at a temperature high enough to permit the use of liquid nitrogen as a coolant. Because liquid nitrogen, at 77K, is significantly less expensive than liquid helium, YBCO made a large number of commercial applications feasible for the first time.


Yttrium barium copper oxide is used commercially in the fabrication of superconducting tapes and microwave filters.


Yttrium barium copper oxide is often referred to as 'YBCO' or '123'. It is classified as an anomalous superconductor.


External links

  • http://www.ch.ic.ac.uk/otway/YBCO.html

  Results from FactBites:
 
OhioLINK ETD: Wen, Xuejun (622 words)
The initial YBCO morphology exhibits a column-like grain structure as a result of rapid a-growth when quenched from 1000 °C (the sample was pre-melted at 1030°C).
During solidification, the YBCO grains will parallely nucleate on the surface of the silver alloy to minimize its surface energy, and grow along the a-axis rapidly resulting in a textured film.
A thin “buffer” of 300 nm thickness was observed between the textured YBCO and the silver alloy substrate.
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