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Encyclopedia > Xiphos
Antique swords, fig. 1-3: Xiphos, fig. 4: Makhaira.
Antique swords, fig. 1-3: Xiphos, fig. 4: Makhaira.

The xiphos (ξίφος) is a double-edged, single-hand sword used by the ancient Greeks. It was a secondary battlefield weapon for the Greek armies after the spear or javelin. The blade was around 65 cm long. The xiphos was good for both cutting and stabbing attacks due to its leaf-shaped blade. It was generally used only when the spear was discarded. Image File history File links Schwerter2. ... Swiss longsword, 15th or 16th century Look up Sword in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Ancient Greece is the term used to describe the Greek_speaking world in ancient times. ... Hunting spear and knife, from Mesa Verde National Park. ... Reconstruction of a post-Marian pilum A Roman coin showing Antoninianus of Carinus holding pilum and globe. ...


The straight, double-edged design of the xiphos lends it the same overall martial versatility found in the swords used by infantry until the firearm supplanted the sword on the battlefield. Its design lent itself to cutting and thrusting. Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, bicycles, or other means. ... A Glock 22 hand-held firearm with internal laser sight and mounted flashlight, surrounded by hollowpoint ammunition. ...


Because of the nature of mounted combat, Xenophon recommended using the curved makhaira for cavalry in On Horsemanship 12:11. Xenophon, Greek historian Xenophon (In Greek , ca. ... Makhaira (μάχαιρα, also transliterated machaira or machaera; an Ancient Greek word, <PIE *magh-, to fight) is a term used by modern scholars to describe a type of ancient bladed weapon, generally a large knife with a slight backwards curve. ... French Republican Guard - May 8, 2005 celebrations Cavalry (from French cavalerie) were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback in combat. ...


It seems that the Spartans developed a shorter sword, about 30cm long, but otherwise similar to the common hoplite xiphos. This shorter version of the xiphos was useful in the close combat of the Greek warfare and was widely used by all Greeks during and after the Peloponnesian War, as are shown by art of that period. However the longer hoplite sword never ceased to exist.[citation needed] Sparta (Doric: Spártā, Attic: Spártē) is a city in southern Greece. ... The hoplite was a heavy infantryman that was the central focus of warfare in Ancient Greece. ... For the earlier war beginning in 460 BC, see First Peloponnesian War. ...


One of the earliest Greek straight, double edged swords, it was introduced possibly by the Dorians around the 1st Millennium BCE. It was used by Greek Hoplite armies around the Mediterranean Sea and even the Black Sea. It is also possible it could have made its way into Iberia and have inspired the famous Roman sword, the Gladius. This article or section should include material from Dorian invasion The Dorians were one of the ancient Hellenic (Greek) races. ... The hoplite was a heavy infantryman that was the central focus of warfare in Ancient Greece. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Iberia can mean: The Iberian peninsula of South west Europe; That part of it once inhabited by the Iberians, who spoke the Iberian language. ... Roman or Romans may refer to: A thing or person of or from the city of Rome. ... This article is about the sword. ...


A Glossary of the Construction, Decoration, and Use of Arms and Armor, by George Cameron Stone, has the xiphos being a name used by Homer for a sword. The entry in the book says that the sword had a double-edged blade widest at about two-thirds of its length from the point (so not necessarily as shown in the figure), and ended in a very long point.


The xiphoid process is named after the xiphos due to a similarity in shape. The xiphoid process is a small cartilaginous extension to the lower part of the sternum which is usually ossified in the adult human. ...


 
 

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