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Encyclopedia > Xiangsheng

Xiangsheng (Traditional Chinese: 相聲; Simplified Chinese: 相声; pinyin: xiàngsheng), sometimes translated as crosstalk, is a traditional Chinese comedic performance in the form of a monologue or a dialogue. The language, rich in puns and allusions, is used in a rapid, bantering style. Xiangsheng is one of China's foremost performing arts. Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiÇŽntǐzì; also called 简化字/簡化字, jiÇŽnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin (拼音, pÄ«nyÄ«n) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration to roman script) for Standard Mandarin. ... A monologue (or monolog) is a speech by one person directly addressing an audience. ... The term dialogue (or dialog) expresses basically reciprocal conversation between two or more persons. ... A pun (also known as paronomasia) is a deliberate confusion of similar-sounding words or phrases for rhetorical effect, whether humorous or serious. ... In rhetoric, an allusion is the implicit referencing of a related object or circumstance, which has occurred or existed in an external context. ... The performing arts include theater, motion pictures, drama, comedy, music, dance, opera, magic and the marching arts, such as brass bands, etc. ...


Canadian xiangsheng comedian Dashan (Mark Rowswell) says the closest equivalent in English would be Abbott and Costello's "Who's on First?" sketch. Dashan (大山, lit. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Abbott and Costello is the name of an American comedy duo made up of Bud Abbott and Lou Costello. ...


The term "xiangsheng" (written 像生 or 象聲) originally referred to the act of imitating someone's speech and actions. It rose as a performing act during the Ming Dynasty. From the Qing Dynasty to the 1920s, xiangsheng gradually developed to become a style of comedic monologue. Later xiangsheng came to be performed as a dialogue and sometimes even in groups of three or more. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Qing Dynasty (Manchu: daicing gurun; Chinese: 清朝; pinyin: qÄ«ng cháo; Wade-Giles: ching chao), sometimes known as the Manchu Dynasty, was founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast China expanded into China proper and the surrounding territories of Inner Asia, establishing... Sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or primarily in North America as the Roaring Twenties. // Events and trends Technology John T. Thompson invents Thompson submachine gun, also known as Tommy gun John Logie Baird invents the first working television system (1925) Charles Lindbergh becomes the first person to fly...


The earliest xiangsheng comedian known by name is Zhang Sanlu (張三祿), who performed in the mid nineteenth century. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After the widespread use of Mandarin from 1949, the popularity of xiangsheng increased throughout the People's Republic of China. It is a standard feature of CCTV's annual Spring Festival television program and other popular performing arts shows in China. Standard Mandarin is the official Chinese spoken language used by the Peoples Republic of China, the Republic of China on Taiwan, Malaysia and Singapore. ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... CCTV can stand for: China Central Television Closed-circuit television This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A banner of the celebration of Chinese New Year. ...


Modern xiangsheng is made up of four skills - speaking (說), imitating (學), teasing (逗), and singing (唱).


External links

  • Chinese Xiangsheng Web 中国相声网 (Simplified Chinese)
  • Dashan: What is Xiangsheng?
  • Stifled Laughter: How the Communist Party Killed Chinese Humor (from Danwei.org)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Xiangsheng - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (240 words)
Xiangsheng (Traditional Chinese: 相聲, Simplified Chinese: 相声, pinyin: xiàngsheng), sometimes translated as crosstalk, is a traditional Chinese comedic performance in the form of a monologue or a dialogue.
Xiangsheng is one of China's foremost performing arts.
Later xiangsheng came to be performed as a dialogue and sometimes even in groups of three or more.
Chinese Xiangsheng (207 words)
Xiangsheng emerged in the Qing Dynasty during the reign of Emperor Xianfeng (1851-1861).
Xiangsheng can be performed by one person (solo comic talk), two players (comic dialogue), and three or more people (group cross-talk), with the comic dialogue by two players being the main form of performance.
Vernacular Xiangsheng or Xiangsheng performed in ethnic languages, such as Tibetan Xiangsheng, has appeared in remote regions and areas inhabited by ethnic minorities.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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