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Encyclopedia > Xfce
Xfce

A typical Xfce 4.4 desktop. Various Xfwm effects are visible (drop shadows behind windows, semi-transparent windows and panel).
Developed by Multiple developers, enumerated here
Latest release 4.4.2 / December 2, 2007 (2007-12-02), 146 days ago
OS Cross-platform
Genre Desktop environment
License GNU General Public License and GNU Lesser General Public License
Website www.xfce.org

Xfce ([ɛks ɛf siː iː][1]) is a free software desktop environment for Unix and other Unix-like platforms, such as Linux, Solaris and BSD. It aims to be fast and lightweight, while still being visually appealing and easy to use. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x1024, 1561 KB) Screenshot of Xfce 4. ... For other uses, see Software developer (disambiguation). ... Code complete redirects here. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... An operating system (OS) is a software that manages computer resources and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... A cross-platform (or platform independent) programming language, software application or hardware device works on more than one system platform (e. ... Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... GPL redirects here. ... The GNU Lesser General Public License (formerly the GNU Library General Public License) or LGPL is a free software license published by the Free Software Foundation. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Free software is software that can be used, studied, and modified without restriction, and which can be copied and redistributed in modified or unmodified form either without restriction, or with minimal restrictions only to ensure that further recipients can also do these things. ... Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®, sometimes also written as or ® with small caps) is a computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ... Diagram of the relationships between several Unix-like systems A Unix-like operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... Solaris is a computer operating system developed by Sun Microsystems. ... BSD redirects here; for other uses see BSD (disambiguation). ...


The current version, 4.4, is modular and reusable. It consists of separately packaged components that together provide the full functionality of the desktop environment, but which can be selected in subsets to create the user's preferred personal working environment. Xfce is mainly used for its ability to run a modern desktop environment on relatively modest hardware. Modularity is a concept that has applications in the contexts of computer science, particularly programming, as well as cognitive science in investigating the structure of mind. ... In computer science and software engineering, reusability is the likelihood a segment of structured code can be used again to add new functionalities with slight or no modification. ...


It is based on the GTK+ 2 toolkit (as is GNOME). It uses the Xfwm window manager, described below. Its configuration is entirely mouse-driven, and the configuration files are hidden from the casual user. GTK+, or the GIMP Toolkit, is one of the two most popular widget toolkits for the X Window System for creating graphical user interfaces. ... This article is about the mythical creature. ... A window manager is computer software that controls the placement and appearance of windows within a windowing system in a graphical user interface; they are typically associated with X Window (see X window manager), but alternative shells for Microsoft Windows have also emerged. ...


Xfce is somewhat similar to the commercial CDE, but has been getting a little farther away from that comparison with each new major version. CDE on Unix (Solaris 8) DECwindows CDE on OpenVMS 7. ...

Contents

History

Olivier Fourdan started the project in 1996. The name "Xfce" originally stood for "XForms Common Environment", but since that time Xfce has been rewritten twice and no longer uses that toolkit. The name survived, but it is no longer capitalized as "XFce", but rather as "Xfce". The developers' current stance is that the initialism no longer stands for anything specific. XForms is a GUI toolkit based on Xlib for the X Window System. ... Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations formed from the initial letter or letters of words, such as NATO and XHTML, and are pronounced in a way that is distinct from the full pronunciation of what the letters stand for. ...


First versions

Xfce began as a simple project created with XForms, meant to be a free Linux clone of CDE. The program, a simple toolbar, was released by Fourdan to ibiblio (then "SunSITE"), and the community showed an impressive demand for expansion of the project.[2] XForms is a GUI toolkit based on Xlib for the X Window System. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... CDE on Unix (Solaris 8) DECwindows CDE on OpenVMS 7. ... ibiblio (formerly SunSITE and MetaLab) is a collection of collections, and hosts a diverse range of publicly available information and open source software. ...


Version 2

Fourdan continued developing the project, and in 1998, Xfce 2 was released with the first version of Xfce's window manager, Xfwm. He requested to have the project included in Red Hat Linux, but was refused because the project was based on XForms. Red Hat only accepted software that was free and open source, but, at the time, XForms was closed source and free only for personal use.[2] For the same reason, Xfce was not in Debian before version 3. Xfce 2 was only distributed in Debian's contrib component.[3] Red Hat Linux was a popular Linux distribution assembled by Red Hat until the early 2000s, when it was discontinued. ... XForms is a GUI toolkit based on Xlib for the X Window System. ... XForms is a GUI toolkit based on Xlib for the X Window System. ...


Version 3

XForms, the proprietary library that Xfce was based on, was limiting the progress of the project. The popularity of the GTK+ toolkit was increasing, and Fourdan saw it as a fitting replacement. In March of 1999, he scrapped the old XFce and began a complete rewrite of the project based on GTK+. The result was Xfce 3.0, which was licensed under the GNU GPL. Along with being based completely on open-source software, the project gained many benefits from using the GTK+ libraries, including drag-and-drop support, native language support, and improved configurability. Xfce was uploaded to SourceForge.net in February of 2001, starting with version 3.8.1.[4] XForms is a GUI toolkit based on Xlib for the X Window System. ... GTK+, or the GIMP Toolkit, is one of the two most popular widget toolkits for the X Window System for creating graphical user interfaces. ... GTK+, or the GIMP Toolkit, is one of the two most popular widget toolkits for the X Window System for creating graphical user interfaces. ... GPL redirects here. ... Open source software is computer software for which the human-readable source code is made available under a copyright license (or arrangement such as the public domain) that meets the Open Source Definition. ... GTK+, or the GIMP Toolkit, is one of the two most popular widget toolkits for the X Window System for creating graphical user interfaces. ... Drag-and-drop refers to the act of (or support for the act of) clicking on a virtual object and dragging it to, or onto, another virtual object. ... SourceForge. ...


Version 4

Xfce made a major jump in version 4.0.0 - it was upgraded to use the GTK+ 2 libraries. There were many other major changes made in this series as well, including a compositing manager for Xfwm in 4.2.0 which added built-in support for transparency and drop shadows, as well as a new default SVG icon set.[5] In January of 2007, Xfce 4.4.0 was released. A notable feature of this release was the inclusion of the Thunar file manager, a replacement for the aging Xffm. Support for desktop icons was added. Also, various improvements were made to the panel to prevent buggy plugins from crashing the whole panel.[6] GTK+, or the GIMP Toolkit, is one of the two most popular widget toolkits for the X Window System for creating graphical user interfaces. ... Beryl (window manager), a compositing window manager, running on Fedora Core 6 A compositing window manager is a component of a computers graphical user interface that draws windows and/or their borders. ... SVG redirects here. ... Thunar is the name of the project dedicated at developing a file manager for the 4. ...


Xfce applications

Xfce also provides a development framework for applications. Other than Xfce itself, there are third-party programs which use the Xfce libraries, most notably the Mousepad text editor, Xfmedia audio player and Terminal. One of the services provided to applications by the framework is a banner across the top of the window when the application is running with root privileges warning the user that they could damage system files. Illustration of an application which may use libvorbisfile. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Terminal is Xfces terminal emulator, replacing xterm as default. ... In computer science and other fields the principle of minimal privilege, also known as the principle of least privilege or just least privilege, requires that in a particular abstraction layer of a computing environment every module (such as a process, a user or a program on the basis of the...


Other Xfce components include:

  • Xfmedia, a xine-based media player for Xfce
  • Xfprint, a print manager
  • Xfburn, a CD/DVD burner

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... xine (officially pronounced [ksi:n], like the name Maxine without Ma[1]) is a multimedia playback engine for Unix-like operating systems released under the GNU General Public License. ...

Xfwm

Starting with version 4.2, the window manager of Xfce, Xfwm, integrates its own compositing manager. Other compositing managers exist, but have been rather unstable, and Xfce was the first to integrate its own compositing manager into the window manager. At its inception, many users called it the most stable one available, though at the time, in late 2004, xcompmgr was the only other compositing manager available. A window manager is computer software that controls the placement and appearance of windows within a windowing system in a graphical user interface; they are typically associated with X Window (see X window manager), but alternative shells for Microsoft Windows have also emerged. ... Beryl (window manager), a compositing window manager, running on Fedora Core 6 A compositing window manager is a component of a computers graphical user interface that draws windows and/or their borders. ...


Thunar

Thunar is the default file manager for Xfce, replacing the earlier Xffm. It resembles Nautilus and is designed for speed and a low memory footprint[7] as well as being highly customizable through plugins. Xfce also has a lightweight archive manager called Xarchiver, but this is not part of the core Xfce 4.4.0. [8] More recently, Squeeze has been started as an archive manager designed to integrate better into the Xfce desktop. Thunar is the name of the project dedicated at developing a file manager for the 4. ... Nautilus is the official file manager for the GNOME desktop. ...


Prevalence

While not as common in Linux distributions as the KDE and GNOME desktop environments, there are a handful of distributions where Xfce is the default DE, and most support it as an optional component. A Linux distribution, often simply distribution or distro, is a member of the Linux family of Unix-like operating systems comprising the Linux kernel, the non-kernel parts of the GNU operating system, and assorted other software. ... For the NYSE stock ticker symbol KDE, see 4Kids Entertainment. ... This article is about the mythical creature. ...


These distributions include Xfce in their default environment:

Deafult Archie Desktop Archie is a LiveCD version of Arch Linux. ... Debian is a free operating system. ... Dreamlinux is a Brazilian Linux distribution based on Morphix, Knoppix, Debian and Kanotix. ... Fedora (previously called Fedora Core) is an RPM-based, general purpose Linux distribution, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat. ... FreeSBIE FreeSBIE is a LiveCD—an operating system that is able to load directly from a bootable CD without any installation process and without any hard disk. ... FreeBSD is a Unix-like free operating system descended from AT&T UNIX via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) branch through the 386BSD and 4. ... The Gentoo Linux operating system (pronounced ) is a Linux distribution named after the Gentoo penguin. ... KateOS is a Linux distribution originally based on Slackware. ... Linux Mint is a Linux distribution for desktop computers based on and compatible with Debian. ... Mythbuntu is a specialized Linux distribution based on Ubuntu and MythTV 0. ... SAM Linux Desktop, a live and installation CD based on PCLinuxOS 2007, is a Xfce 4. ... Slackware was one of the earliest Linux distributions, and is the oldest, and most UNIX-like, distribution still being maintained[1]. It was created by Patrick Volkerding of Slackware Linux, Inc. ... SLAX is a Linux Live CD based on Slackware. ... Vector Linux is a lightweight, fast, user-friendly Linux operating system for Intel, AMD and x86 compatible systems, based on one of the original Linux distributions, Slackware. ... Xubuntu is an official derivative of the Ubuntu open source operating system, using the Xfce desktop environment. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... The Gentoo Linux operating system (pronounced ) is a Linux distribution named after the Gentoo penguin. ...

See also

Free software Portal

Image File history File links Free_Software_Portal_Logo. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...

References

  1. ^ Xfce FAQ. Retrieved on 2007-01-06.
  2. ^ a b Jacobowitz, Norman (1999-07-01). Interview with Olivier Fourdan. Linux Gazette. Retrieved on 2007-01-31.
  3. ^ Debian xfce source package 3.4.0.20000513-1 changelog
  4. ^ SourceForge.net Project Page. Retrieved on 2007-01-31.
  5. ^ Xfce 4.2.0 Changelog. Retrieved on 2007-01-31.
  6. ^ Meurer, Benedikt (2007-01-21). A Visual Tour of Xfce 4.4.0. Retrieved on 2007-01-31.
  7. ^ ThunarWiki: Thunar in comparison to Nautilus, ROX, Konqueror and Xffm
  8. ^ 4.4.0 release status so far.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Linux Gazette is the name of two different monthly Linux webzines, though LinuxGazette. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
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Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... A window manager is computer software that controls the placement and appearance of windows within a windowing system in a graphical user interface; they are typically associated with X Window (see X window manager), but alternative shells for Microsoft Windows have also emerged. ... The Ion window manager with the screen divided into three tiles. ... Beryl (window manager), a compositing window manager, running on Fedora Core 6 A compositing window manager is a component of a computers graphical user interface that draws windows and/or their borders. ... In the X Window System, every window has a parent window. ... Categories: Software stubs | Free software | X window managers ... The correct title of this article is . ... The Star workstation, officially known as the 8010 Star Information System, was introduced by Xerox Corporation in 1981. ... Windows 1. ... GEM (Graphical Environment Manager) was a windowing system created by Digital Research, Inc. ... Enlightenment, also known simply as E, is a free software/open source window manager for the X Window System which can be used alone or in conjunction with a desktop environment such as GNOME or KDE. It has a rich feature set, including extensive support for themes and advanced graphics... In Unix computing, Blackbox is a window manager for the X Window System. ... Presentation Manager (PM) was the name given to the Graphical User Interface (GUI) which IBM introduced in version 1. ... Windows 2. ... Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows Me (IPA pronunciation: [miː], [ɛm iː]), is a hybrid 16-bit/32-bit graphical operating system released on September 14, 2000 by Microsoft. ... Windows NT (New Technology) is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993. ... Windows XP is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... Sherlock 2 for Mac OS 9 with the new metallic appearance Mac OS 9 is the final major release of Apples Classic Mac OS. Introduced on October 23, 1999, Apple positioned it as The Best Internet Operating System Ever, highlighting Sherlock 2s Internet search capabilities, integration with Apple... GEM (Graphical Environment Manager) was a windowing system created by Digital Research, Inc. ... The Xerox Alto monitor has a portrait orientation. ... Beryl is a compositing window manager for the X Window System. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Compiz fusion. ... Desktop Window Manager (DWM) is currently the name for the new windowing system that will be available in all versions of Windows Vista, except Starter Edition, to enable the new Aero user interface. ... 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Atari ST GEM desktop The Operating System (TOS) was the operating system of the Atari ST range of computers. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®, sometimes also written as or ® with small caps) is a computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ... Diagram of the relationships between several Unix-like systems A Unix-like operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Window decorations are provided by windowing systems to improve the usability of a multi-windowed desktop. ... Comparison of docks in Avant Window Navigator on Ubuntu, Mac OS X Leopard, and Suns Project Looking Glass The Dock in Mac OS X is an application; this is its icon. ... The title bar is that part of a window where the title of the window appears. ... In computing, the task bar is a term for an application desktop bar which is most often used for the Windows 95 and later operating systems. ... In computing, the task bar is a term for an application desktop bar which is most often used for the Windows 95 and later operating systems. ... A windowing system is a graphical user interface (GUI) which uses the window as one of its primary metaphors. ... Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... Various widgets. ... “X11” redirects here. ... An X window manager is software that controls the placement and appearance of windows under the X Window System, a windowing system mainly used on Unix-like systems. ... 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Logo of Trusted Computing Group, an initiative to implement Trusted Computing Trusted Computing (commonly abbreviated TC) is a technology developed and promoted by the Trusted Computing Group (TCG). ... Proprietary software is software with restrictions on copying and modifying as enforced by the proprietor. ... The SCO-Linux controversies are a series of legal and public disputes between the software company SCO Group (SCO) and various Linux vendors and users. ... In computing, a binary blob is an object file loaded into the kernel of a free or open source operating system without publicly available source code. ... From the early 90s onward, alternative terms for free software have come into common use, with much debate in the free software community. ... // The free software community is also called the open source community or the Linux community. ... The free software movement, also known as the free software philosophy, began in 1983 when Richard Stallman announced the GNU Project. ... For the specific comparison of the open source Linux operating system with the closed source Windows Operating system please see Comparison of Windows and Linux Open source (or free software) and closed source (or proprietary software) are two approaches to the control, exploitation and commercializing of computer software. ... Free and Open Source Software, also F/OSS or FOSS, is software which is liberally licensed to grant the right of users to study, change, and improve its design through the availability of its source code. ... Promotional poster for two disc edition of Revolution OS Revolution OS is a documentary which traces the history of GNU, Linux, Free Software and the Open Source movement. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
XFce - definition of XFce in Encyclopedia (164 words)
Xfce is a lightweight desktop environment for Unix and other Unix-like platforms, such as Linux and FreeBSD.
Xfce is somewhat similar to the commercial CDE, but has been getting a little farther away from that comparison with each new version (it was completely re-written twice, between versions 2 and 3 and 3 and 4).
Xfld is 'Xfce live demo', a GNU/Linux operating system (derived from Knoppix) that can be run completely from CD (LiveCD).
Xfce - Wikipédia (239 words)
Xfce est fidèle à la philosophie traditionnelle de modularité et de réutilisabilité d'UNIX.
Le gestionnaire de fichiers de Xfce est actuellement Xffm, mais un projet de remplacement est actuellement en développement sous le nom de Thunar.
Une autre priorité de Xfce est son respect des normes, spécifiquement celles définies sur Freedesktop.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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