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Encyclopedia > Xeric

Deserts and xeric shrublands is a biome characterized by a dry climate. Deserts and xeric shrublands occur in tropical, subtropical, and temperate climate regions.


It is characterized by

Colorado's San Luis Valley is a typical cold xeric shrubland located in the temperate zone at high elevation although it does deviate from the general description in being densely populated with small animals and their predators.


See also desert


Desert and xeric shrublands ecoregions

Afrotropic ecozone

Aldabra Island xeric scrub (Seychelles)
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert (Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen)
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands (Chad, Sudan)
Eritrean coastal desert (Djibouti, Eritrea)
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan)
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert (Oman, United Arab Emirates)
Hobyo grasslands and shrublands (Somalia)
Ile Europa and Bassas da India xeric scrub (Bassas da India, Europa)
Kalahari xeric savanna (Botswana, Namibia, South Africa)
Kaokoveld desert (Angola, Namibia)
Madagascar spiny thickets (Madagascar)
Madagascar succulent woodlands (Madagascar)
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands (Ethiopia, Kenya)
Nama Karoo (Namibia, South Africa)
Namib desert (Namibia)
Namibian savanna woodlands (Namibia)
Red Sea coastal desert (Egypt, Sudan)
Socotra Island xeric shrublands (Yemen)
Somali montane xeric woodlands (Somalia)
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna (Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen)
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands (Saudi Arabia, Yemen)
Succulent Karoo (South Africa)

Australasia ecozone

Carnarvon xeric shrublands (Australia)
Central Ranges xeric scrub (Australia)
Gibson desert (Australia)
Great Sandy-Tanami desert (Australia)
Great Victoria desert (Australia)
Nullarbor Plains xeric shrublands (Australia)
Pilbara shrublands (Australia)
Simpson desert (Australia)
Tirari-Stuart stony desert (Australia)
Western Australian Mulga shrublands (Australia)

Indomalaya ecozone

Deccan thorn scrub forests (India)
Indus Valley desert (India, Pakistan)
Northwestern thorn scrub forests (India, Pakistan)
Philippino shrub desert (Philippines)
Thar desert (India, Pakistan)

Nearctic ecozone

Baja California desert (Mexico)
Central Mexican matorral (Mexico)
Chihuahuan desert (Mexico, United States)
Colorado Plateau shrublands (United States)
Great Basin shrub steppe (United States)
Gulf of California xeric scrub (Mexico)
Meseta Central matorral (Mexico)
Mojave desert (United States)
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe (United States)
Sonoran desert (Mexico, United States)
Tamaulipan matorral (Mexico)
Tamaulipan mezquital (Mexico)
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe (Mexico)

Neotropic ecozone

Araya and Paria xeric scrub (Venezuela)
Aruba-Curaçao-Bonaire cactus scrub (Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao)
Atacama desert (Chile, Peru)
Caatinga (Brazil)
Cayman Islands xeric scrub (Cayman Islands)
Cuban cactus scrub (Cuba)
Galápagos Islands xeric scrub (Ecuador)
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub (Colombia, Venezuela)
La Costa xeric shrublands (Venezuela)
Leeward Islands xeric scrub (Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, British Virgin Islands, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin, Saint Barthelemy, Saba, US Virgin Islands)
Malpelo Island xeric scrub (Colombia)
Motagua Valley thornscrub (Guatemala)
Paraguana xeric scrub (Venezuela)
San Lucan xeric scrub (Mexico)
Sechura desert (Peru)
Tehuacán Valley matorral (Mexico)
Windward Islands xeric scrub (Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
Saint Peter and Saint Paul rocks (Brazil)

Palearctic ecozone

Afghan Mountains semi-desert (Afghanistan)
Alashan Plateau semi-desert (China, Mongolia)
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands (Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen)
Atlantic coastal desert (Mauritania, Western Sahara)
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran)
Badkhiz-Karabil semi-desert (Afghanistan, Iran, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan)
Baluchistan xeric woodlands (Afghanistan, Pakistan)
Caspian lowland desert (Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan)
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands (Afghanistan)
Central Asian northern desert (Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan)
Central Asian riparian woodlands (Kazakhstan)
Central Asian southern desert (Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan)
Central Persian desert basins (Afghanistan, Iran)
Eastern Gobi desert steppe (China, Mongolia)
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe (Mongolia)
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe (Mongolia, Russia)
Junggar Basin semi-desert (China, Mongolia)
Kazakh semi-desert (Kazakhstan)
Kopet Dag semi-desert (Iran, Turkmenistan)
Mesopotamian shrub desert (Iraq, Jordan, Syria)
North Saharan steppe and woodlands (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara)
Paropamisus xeric woodlands (Afghanistan)
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert (Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates)
Qaidam Basin semi-desert(China)
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert (Iraq, Jordan, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen)
Rigestan-North Pakistan sandy desert (Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan)
Sahara desert (Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia)
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert (Iran, Iraq, Pakistan)
South Saharan steppe and woodlands (Algeria, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan)
Taklimakan desert (China)
Tibesti-Jebel Uweinat montane xeric woodlands (Chad, Egypt, Libya, Sudan)
West Saharan montane xeric woodlands (Algeria, Mali, Mauritania, Niger)

Ecozones
Afrotropic | Antarctic | Australasia | Indomalaya | Nearctic | Neotropic | Oceania | Palearctic
Terrestrial biomes
Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests | Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests | Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests | Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests | Temperate coniferous forests | Boreal forests/taiga | Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands | Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands | Flooded grasslands and savannas | Montane grasslands and shrublands | Tundra | Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub | Deserts and xeric shrublands | Mangrove

External links

  • Deserts and xeric shrublands (World Wildlife Fund) (http://www.panda.org/about_wwf/where_we_work/ecoregions/global200/pages/habitat/habitat13.htm)
  • Map of the ecozones (http://www.panda.org/about_wwf/where_we_work/ecoregions/global200/pages/mainmap.htm)

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What is the Xeric Foundation? (404 words)
It is the policy of the Xeric Foundation to prohibit discrimination based on race, color, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, or disability.
Xeric grants can be used for the physical production and distribution of your new or previously unpublished work: printing, color separation, photocopying, solicitation, shipping, advertising, and securing an ISBN number or domain name.
Xeric grant funds cannot be used for website design, T-shirts, stickers, posters, postcards, art supplies, phone bills, convention costs,or computer equipment.
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