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Encyclopedia > Xaverian Brothers

The Xaverian Brothers or Congregation of St. Francis Xavier (CFX) are a religious order founded by Theodore James Ryken in Bruges, Belgium in 1839 and named after Saint Francis Xavier. The order is dedicated to Catholic education in the United States. A Taoist monk playing an instrument. ... This article is about the city in Belgium. ... 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Francis Xavier (Basque: San Frantzisko Xabierkoa; Spanish: San Francisco Javier; Portuguese: São Francisco Xavier; Chinese: 聖方濟各沙勿略) (7 April 1506 - 2 December 1552) was a Spanish pioneering Roman Catholic Christian missionary and co-founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuit Order). ... Religious education teaches the doctrines of a religion. ...

Contents

History

Ryken's vision

Theodore James Ryken was born in 1797 in the small village of Elshout, North Brabant, the Netherlands, to ardently Catholic middle class parents. Orphaned at a young age, Ryken was raised by his uncle, who was instrumental in imparting the qualities of faith, zeal, and devotion to duty onto the boy. The Xaverian Brothers or Congregation of St. ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... North Brabant (Dutch: Noord-Brabant) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the south of the country, bordered by Belgium in the south, the Meuse River (Maas) in the north, Limburg in the east and Zeeland in the west. ... The middle class (or middle classes) comprises a social group once defined by exception as an intermediate social class between the nobility and the peasantry. ...


Ryken, like most of the early Xaverian Brothers, was trained as a shoemaker. However, Ryken also felt a calling by God which impelled him to work first as a catechist, then in helping to conduct an orphanage, and again in caring for cholera patients in the Netherlands. At the age of 34, Ryken went to North America and served as a catechist among the missionaries to the Native Americans. During his three year tour, he conceived the id3a of starting a congregation of brothers to work alongside the missionary priests. On returning to Europe he set about planning the establish such a society in Belgium, a country eminent for missionary zeal. Shoemaking is a traditional career/craft, mostly superseded by industrial manufacture of footwear. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... Catechism Lesson, by Jules-Alexis Meunier, 1890 A catechism is a summary of Christian religious doctrine. ... // The first orphanages, called orphanotrophia, were founded in the 1st century amid various alternative means of orphan support. ... Cholera (or Asiatic cholera or epidemic cholera) is a severe diarrheal disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Catechism Lesson, by Jules-Alexis Meunier, 1890 A catechism is a summary of Christian religious doctrine. ... A missionary is a propagator of religion, often an evangelist or other representative of a religious community who works among those outside of that community. ... Native Americans redirects here. ... A congregation is a religious institute of Roman Catholics in which only simple vows, not solemn vows, are taken. ... Look up Brother in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Brother may have the following meanings, in addition to and derived from its main one of male sibling; see Family. a male friend or acquaintance, in some cultures shortened to Bro or Brah a peer, male or female (though such usage is... Two Mormon missionaries A missionary is traditionally defined as a propagator of religion who works to convert those outside that community; someone who proselytizes. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Founding

When Ryken journeyed back to the US in 1837, he noticed that the city youth, noticeably the children of immigrants, were even more in need of instruction than the Native Americans. Bishop Rosati of St. Louis encouraged him to found a religious congregation of laymen whose members would labor among all classes of youth. Six other bishops sanctioned his plan to bring religious teachers to the United States. Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      This article is about a title... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ...


Mr. Ryken prepared for a journey to Rome to receive the permission and blessing of Pope Gregory XVI by going through a term of probation in the novitiate of the Redemptorist Fathers. This influenced him to model the religious garb of his order after that of the Redemptorists. The spirit of the Xaverian Brothers, on the other hand, can be traced to the influence of the Jesuit confessor and counselor of Mr. Ryken, Father Isidore Van de Kerckhove, who drew up the original rules. The Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Latin: Congregatio Sanctissimi Redemptoris) is a Roman Catholic order founded in 1732 by Saint Alphonsus Liguori. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ...


Although many religious institutes were being founded at the time as part of a revival that succeeded the fall of Napoleon I, Ryken's vision was different. He wanted to found a missionary institute rather than a congregation that would address the needs of a specific region. On June 15, 1839, with this ideal and vision, the forty-two year old Ryken went to live in a rented house on Ezelstraat in the centuries old city of Bruges, Belgium. For five long days the founder waited for the arrival of the two companions who had promised to join him in his undertaking: a tailor and a weaver. Unfortunately for Mr. Ryken, his companions would prove less dedicated and resilient than himself and it took a year before better suited candidates were welcomed into the house on Ezelstraat. Despite poverty and hardships, the little band grew gradually stronger. Two primary schools were soon opened in Bruges, and some brothers were sent to a normal school at Sint-Truiden for professional training. For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Geography Country Belgium Community Flemish Community Region Flemish Region Province West Flanders Arrondissement Bruges Coordinates , , Area 138. ... Genera Many:see text The Weavers are small passerine birds related to the finches. ... Geography Country Belgium Community Flemish Community Region Flemish Region Province Limburg Arrondissement Hasselt Coordinates Area 106. ...


By 1841, the community had grown beyond the space available in the little house on Ezelstraat, and Ryken, with financial help from a sympathetic banker, purchased a large estate in a neighboring section of Bruges called "Het Walletje". The Xaverian brothers began to attract candidates from Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, England, Ireland and France. In 1848, a colony of brothers went to England to open schools in parishes in Bury and Manchester. Eventually, they opened Clapham College, London. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... , Bury is a town in the north of Greater Manchester in North West England. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... Clapham College school for boys, also known as the Lambeth Inner London Roman Catholic boys grammar, has developed from a small beginning made in the early sixties by St Francis Xavier (SFX), into a leading sixth form college with an influential position among English Catholic colleges. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Troubles and resignation

Ryken would be burdened by the loan he took in order to purchase Het Walletje for the rest of his superiorship. Additionally, internal hardships including a crisis at the Mother House in Bruges showed Ryken to be an inept administrator. Ryken was invited by the Bishop of Bruges, Jean Baptiste Malou to tender his resignation. Ryken willingly turned over his office to a younger man, and then spent the last eleven years of his life as a simple subject in the order he had established. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      This article is about a title...


Before his death on November 26, 1871, at the age of seventy-four, Ryken had the happiness of being present at the first general chapter of his order in Bruges in 1869. By this time the threatening debt had not only been cleared, but the number of brothers had grown from 58 in 1860 to 133, and there were nine well-established communities working among the poor in Belgium, England and the United States. 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


Mission to the United States

In 1853 Louisville Bishop Martin Spalding invited the Xaverian brothers to open a school in his diocese, and in 1854 the first colony of brothers moved to the United States. The Brothers took charge of several parochial schools in 1864 opened St. Xavier's College in Louisville, KY, which would later be known as St. Xavier High School, Louisville, Kentucky. 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... “Louisville” redirects here. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      This article is about a title... Archbishop Martin John Spalding (May 23, 1810 - February 7, 1872) was the seventh Roman Catholic archbishop of Baltimore, Maryland from 1864 to 1872. ... Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A parochial school (or faith school) is a type of private school which engages in religious education in addition to conventional education. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... St. ...


In 1864, Spalding, then Archbishop of Baltimore, asked the Xaverians to open schools there, and they did so. Baltimore was made the center of Xavierian activities in the United States, and in 1876 a novitiate was opened there at the site of Mount Saint Joseph High School, where it still stands. 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A novitiate (also called a novice) is a member of a religious order who has not yet taken his/her vows. ... Mount Saint Joseph College, usually called Mount Saint Joseph High School, is a Catholic school located in the community of Irvington, Maryland. ...


By 1900, the Xaverian Brothers had opened schools in New York, Massachusetts, Virginia, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania. Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... “NY” redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ...


Rosary Making

An interesting impact of the US mission was that a small Rosary making club formed by Xaverian Brother Sylvan Mattingly in Louisville, Kentucky in 1949 grew to be the largest Catholic Rosary making group in the United States. Our Lady of Lourdes - Mary appearing at Lourdes with Rosary beads. ... Sylvan Mattingly ( - †1951) was a Catholic teacher and missionary worker who in 1949 founded what grew to be the largest Catholic Rosary making group in the United States. ... “Louisville” redirects here. ...


Inspired by the message of Our Lady of Fatima, Mattingly formed "Our Lady of Fatima Rosary Making Club" in the basement of St. Xavier High School in Louisville in 1949 with $25 donated by an old couple for a typewriter. Although Mattingly died in 1951, the organization grew to be Our Lady's Rosary Makers which has 17,000 active members in the United States and has distributed hundreds of millions of free rosaries worldwide. Our Lady of Fatima Our Lady of Fatima (pron. ... Several schools named St. ... Our Ladys Rosary Makers is a non-profit apostolate in Louisville, Kentucky dedicated to spreading devotion to the Blessed Mother and the Rosary. ...


Affiliated schools

St. John's High School Shrewsbury, Massachusetts http://www.stjohnshigh.org/
St. Xavier High School Louisville, Kentucky http://www.saintx.com
Malden Catholic High School Malden, Massachusetts http://www.maldencatholic.org
Xaverian Brothers High School Westwood, Massachusetts http://www.xbhs.com
St. Mary's Ryken High School Leonardtown, Maryland http://www.smrhs.org
Xavier High School Middletown, Connecticut http://www.xavierhighschool.org
St. Bernard School Uncasville, Connecticut http://www.saint-bernard.com
St. Francis Xavier Institute Bruges, Belgium http://www.sfxbrugge.be
St. John's Preparatory School Danvers, Massachusetts http://www.stjohnsprep.org
Xaverian College Manchester, England http://www.xaverian.ac.uk
St. Francis Xavier Sixth Form College London, England http://www.sfxavier.ac.uk
St. Bernard's Institute Knokke, Belgium http://home2.scarlet.be/stbk/
Mount Saint Joseph High School Baltimore, Maryland http://www.msjnet.edu
Xaverian High School Brooklyn, New York http://www.xaverian.org
Our Lady of Good Counsel High School Olney, Maryland http://www.olgchs.org
Nazareth Regional High School Brooklyn, New York http://www.nazarethrhs.org/
Lowell Catholic High School Lowell, Massachusetts http://www.lowellcatholic.org/

St. ... Location in Worcester County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Worcester County Settled 1722 Incorporated 1727 Government  - Type Representative town meeting  - Town    Manager Daniel J. Morgado  - Board of    Selectmen Bruce Card Maurice DePalo Moira Miller John Lebeaux James A. McCaffrey Area  - Town  21. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... St. ... “Louisville” redirects here. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Malden Catholic High School, founded in 1932, is a private, Catholic secondary school for young men located in Malden, Massachusetts. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1640 Incorporated 1649 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Richard C. Howard Area  - City  5. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Xaverian Brothers High School (XBHS), founded in 1963 by the Xaverian Brothers, is a private, Catholic secondary school for males on a 35-acre campus in Westwood, Massachusetts. ...   Westwood is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... St. ... Leonardtown is the county seat of St. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N  - Longitude 75° 03′ W to 79° 29... Xavier High School is an all-boys Catholic high school run by the Xaverian Brothers. ... Nickname: Forest City Coordinates: NECTA Hartford Region Midstate Region Incorporated (town) 1651 Incorporated (city) 1784 Consolidated 1923 Government type Mayor-council Mayor Sebastian N. Giuliano Area    - City 42. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... Saint Bernard High School is a private, Roman Catholic high school in Uncasville, Connecticut. ... Montville is a town located in New London County, Connecticut. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... Geography Country Belgium Community Flemish Community Region Flemish Region Province West Flanders Arrondissement Bruges Coordinates , , Area 138. ... St. ... Seal of Danvers, MA Danvers, a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts was formerly named Salem Village. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Xaverian College is a Catholic sixth form college in the English city of Manchester. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Knokke is a town in Knokke-Heist, a part of Belgium. ... Mount Saint Joseph College, usually called Mount Saint Joseph High School, is a Catholic school located in the community of Irvington, Maryland. ... Baltimore redirects here. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N  - Longitude 75° 03′ W to 79° 29... Xaverian High School is a private college-preparatory school located in Brooklyn, New York. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... “NY” redirects here. ... Our Lady of Good Counsel High School is a private, Catholic, college-preparatory high school in Olney, an unincorporated area in Montgomery County, Maryland. ... Olney is a census-designated place and an unincorporated area of Montgomery County, Maryland, located in the north central part of the state, twenty miles north of Washington, D.C. It was largely agricultural until the 1960s, when growth of the Washington suburbs led to its conversion into a mostly... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N  - Longitude 75° 03′ W to 79° 29... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... “NY” redirects here. ... Address 530 Stevens Street City Lowell, MA 01851 Established 1989 Type Private Secondary, co-educational Principal Mrs. ... Nickname: Motto: Art is the Handmaid of Human Good Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1653 Incorporated 1826 A city 1836 Government  - Type Manager-City council  - Mayor William F. Martin, Jr. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...

Resources


  Results from FactBites:
 
Xaverian Brothers (1441 words)
The Xaverians decided to make Baltimore the centre of their activities in the United States, and they purchased a site just beyond the western limits of the city, where in 1876 a novitiate for the United States was opened.
To as great an extent as possible the brothers engage in secondary school work, regarding this as their particular sphere; though it is found advantageous to undertake parochial and industrial schools also.
The brothers are to bind themselves by the three vows of religion, and are to dedicate themselves to the instruction of youth, in any country to which they may be sent, and in which they may live according to the spirit of their congregation.
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