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Encyclopedia > XM2001 Crusader

XM2001 Crusader firing a shell XM2001 Crusader howitzer. ...

XM2001 Crusader
General characteristics
Crew 3 (Commander, Driver, Gunner)
Length 7.53 m
Width 3.31 m
Height 3.00 m
Weight 43 tons
Armour and armament
Main armament XM297E2 Howitzer
Secondary armament
Power plant LV100-5 turbine engine
1500 hp (1119 kW)
Road speed 39-48 km/h
Range 50km maximum

The XM2001 Crusader was to be the United States Army's next-generation self-propelled howitzer (SPH), designed to improve survivability, lethality, mobility, and effectiveness and planned to be introduced by 2008. United Defense was the prime contractor; General Dynamics the major subcontractor. In early May 2002, United States Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld cancelled the $11 billion USD program because he considered it neither mobile nor precise enough.[1] Military vehicles are commonly armoured to withstand the impact of shrapnel, bullets or shells, protecting the soldiers inside from enemy fire. ... The United States Army is the largest branch of the United States armed forces and has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... A U.S. M109A6 Paladin self-propelled howitzer Self-propelled artillery (also called mobile artillery or locomotive artillery) vehicles are a way of giving mobility to artillery. ... Loading a WW1 British 15 in (381 mm) howitzer A howitzer or hauwitzer is a type of field artillery. ... United Defense Industries was a United States defense contractor which is now part of BAE Systems Land and Armaments. ... General Dynamics (NYSE: GD) is a defense conglomerate formed by mergers and divestitures, and as of 2005 it is the sixth largest defense contractor in the world[1]. The company has changed markedly in the post-Cold War era of defense consolidation. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense (DoD), concerned with the armed services and The role of the Secretary of Defense is to be the principal defense policy advisor to the President and is responsible for the formulation of general defense... Donald Henry Rumsfeld, (born July 9, 1932) is a U.S. politician and businessman, who was the 13th Secretary of Defense under President Gerald Ford from 1975–1977, and the 21st Secretary of Defense under President George W. Bush from 2001–2006. ...



The Crusader was intended to replace the M109A6 Paladin Self-Propelled Howitzer and the M992A2 Field Artillery Ammunition Supply Vehicle (FAASV). It was intended to be an automated gun (as opposed to missile) artillery system to support the Initial Brigade Combat Teams (IBCT) Counterattack Corps and a basis for other vehicle developments. M109 self-propelled howitzer. ... M109 self-propelled howitzer. ...

Key features of the Crusader design included:

  • Two Crusaders would fit in a C-17 Globemaster.
  • A cooled XM297E2 howitzer for sustained high rates of fire
  • Automated ammunition handling and loading
  • State-of-the-art cockpit with embedded command and control
  • Composite armor
  • Survivability features to protect the vehicle and crew
  • LV100-5 gas turbine engine (common with the Abrams tank) to keep up with other fighting vehicles

Using the same chassis, the resupply vehicles (RSVs) would deliver automatic, reciprocal transfer of ammunition, data and fuel to the SPH or another RSV. The C_17 Globemaster III is a strategic airlifter manufactured by Boeing IDS, used by the United States Air Force and the Royal Air Force. ... Composite armour is a type of armour consisting of layers of different material such as metals, plastics, ceramics or air. ... This machine has a single-stage centrifugal compressor and turbine, a recuperator, and foil bearings. ...

Program Timeline

  • 1QFY95 Approved to commence program definition and risk reduction (PDRR) phase.
  • 2QFY98 In-process review completed and manufacture of the PDRR prototype systems begun.
  • 3QFY99 Delivery of first RSV prototype.
  • 2QFY00 Delivery of first prototype howitzer SPH 1.
  • 1QFY02 Successful preliminary design review.
  • 1QFY02 More than 4000 rounds fired from SPH 1.
  • 2QFY02 Program cancelled.

General Characteristics

Curb Weight 40 tons 36 tons 33.3 tons
Length 7.53 m 7.53 m 11.03 m
Width 3.31 m 3.31 m 2.44 m
Height 3.00 m 3.00 m 3.59 m
Cross-Country Mobility 39-48 km/h 39-48 km/h 64 km/h
Armament Cooled 155 mm none none
Max Range 40-50 km (assisted)
Rate of Fire/Resupply 10-12 rounds/min 48 rounds in 10 min 48 rounds in 10 min
Crew 3 3 3

United Defense Industries was a United States defense contractor which is now part of BAE Systems Land and Armaments. ... Nickname: City of Lakes Motto: En Avant Location in Hennepin County and the state of Minnesota. ... The Panzerhaubitze 2000, or PzH 2000 for short, is a 155mm self-propelled howitzer developed by Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) together with Rheinmetall for the German Army. ... AS90 Braveheart The AS-90 (Braveheart) is an armoured fighting vehicle used by the British Army. ...


  1. ^ U.S Senate Committee on Armed Services, May 16, 2002 - Testimony by Donald Rumsfeld (pp. 9-11)

External links

  • NPR: Crusader Artillery System - All Things Considered, May 8, 2002 - Although the Pentagon has finally announced the death of the Crusader artillery system, NPR Senior News Analyst Daniel Schorr says that the underlying controversy points to a serious failing in the ideal of "unified" civilian control of the military. (RealAudio)

  Results from FactBites:
Crusade (2689 words)
In a broader sense a "crusade" was any war fought for religious reasons, especially the Spanish Reconquista, the Northern Crusades against the remaining pagan nations of northern Europe such as the Polabians and Lithuanians, and crusades against heresy, such as the Albigensian Crusade or the crusade against Bohemia, 1418-1437.
Crusading imagery could be found even in the Crimean War, in which the United Kingdom and France were allied with the Muslim Ottoman Empire, and in the First World War, especially Allenby's capture of Jerusalem in 1917.
The 13th century crusades never expressed such a popular fever, and after Acre fell for the last time in 1291, and after the extermination of the Occitan Cathars in the Albigensian Crusade, the crusading ideal became devalued by Papal justifications of political and territorial aggressions within Catholic Europe.
  More results at FactBites »



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