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XFL
Sport Football
Founded 2000
No. of teams 8
Country(ies) Flag of the United States United States
Ceased 2001
Last
champion(s)
Los Angeles Xtreme
For the aircraft, see XFL Airabonita

The XFL was a professional American football league that played for one season in 2001. The league was founded by Vince McMahon, better known as the owner of the World Wrestling Federation (now World Wrestling Entertainment). The XFL was intended to be a major professional sports league complement to the offseason of the NFL, but failed to find an audience and folded after its first season. Image File history File links XFL_Logo. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... See also: 1999 in sports, other events of 2000, 2001 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Dale Jarrett won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Bobby Labonte Indy Racing League - Buddy Lazier won the season championship Indianapolis 500- Juan Pablo Montoya CART Racing... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... See also: 2000 in sports, other events of 2001, 2002 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Michael Waltrip won the Daytona 500, a race that also saw the death of seven-time NASCAR champion Dale Earnhardt in an unspectacular crash during the... Categories: Defunct American football teams | Los Angeles sports | American football stubs ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... Vincent Kennedy McMahon (born August 25, 1945) is an American wrestling promoter, occasional professional wrestler, on-screen personality, former play-by-play announcer, and film producer. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... The term major professional sports league is used to describe the most important and well regarded leagues in the biggest professional sports in a country or region. ... NFL redirects here. ...

Contents

Founding

Team locations

Created as a joint venture between NBC and the World Wrestling Federation under the company name "XFL, LLC", the XFL was created as a "single-entity league", meaning that the teams were not individually owned and operated franchises (as in the NFL), but that the league was operated as a single business unit. Vince McMahon's original plan was to purchase the CFL[1], while NBC was moving ahead at the time with Time Warner to create a football league of their own.[2] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 552 pixels Full resolution (841 × 580 pixel, file size: 29 KB, MIME type: image/png) derived from [1]; map of states with XFL teams (and their conferences); contains fair-use logo I, the creator of this work, hereby release it... The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... This article is about the concept of an entity. ... In sport, a franchise is a club given permanent rights to play in a specific league. ... Lions Stampeders Eskimos Roughriders Blue Bombers Tiger-Cats Argonauts Alouettes The Canadian Football League (CFL) (Ligue canadienne de football (LCF) in French), is a professional sports league located in Canada that plays Canadian football. ... Time Warner Inc. ...


The concept of the league was first announced on February 3, 2000. The XFL was originally conceived to build on the success of the NFL and professional wrestling. It was hyped as "real" football without penalties for roughness and with fewer rules in general. The loud games featured players and coaches with microphones and cameras in the huddle and in the locker rooms. Stadiums featured trash-talking public address announcers and scantily-clad cheerleaders. Instead of a pre-game coin toss, XFL officials put the ball on the ground and let a player from each team scramble for it to determine who received the kickoff option, which led to the first XFL injury. This type of "coin toss" has since been referred to as the "injury zone." is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... NFL redirects here. ... For the NES video game, see Pro Wrestling (video game). ... A changeroom (in Australia, Canada, and other areas, including some parts of the USA, and also known as a changing room, change room, lockerroom, or locker room in the United Kingdom or USA) is a place where people go to change their clothes. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Youth Cheerleaders during a football halftime show. ...


The XFL had impressive television coverage for an upstart league, with three games televised each week on NBC, UPN, and TNN. This article is about the television network. ... UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) was a television network in over 200 markets in the United States. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Contrary to popular belief, the "X" in XFL did not stand for "extreme," as in "Extreme Football League." When the league was first organized in 1999, it was originally supposed to stand for "Xtreme Football League;" however, there was already a league in formation at the same time with that name, and so promoters wanted to make sure that everyone knew that the "X" did not actually stand for anything. The other Xtreme Football League, which was also organized in 1999, merged with Arena Football before ever fielding its first game. This league is not to be confused with the XFL, an outdoor football league which operated in 2001 The Xtreme Football League was an indoor football league that was formed in 1999, to begin play in 2000. ... Arena football is a sport invented by Jim Foster, a former executive of the United States Football League and the National Football League. ...


Draft

Main article: 2001 XFL Draft

The first and only main draft for the league took place over a 3 day time period from October 28, 2000 to October 30, 2000. A total of 475 players were selected initially, with 65 additional players selected in a supplemental draft on December 29, 2000. The 2001 XFL Draft was the first and last draft for the single-season XFL football league. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


2001 season

The XFL's opening game took place on February 3, 2001, one year after the concept of the league was announced, and immediately following the NFL's Super Bowl. The first game was between the New York/New Jersey Hitmen and the Las Vegas Outlaws at Sam Boyd Stadium in Las Vegas. The game ended with a 19-0 victory for the Outlaws, and was watched on NBC by an estimated 14 million viewers. During the telecast, NBC switched over to the game between the Orlando Rage and the Chicago Enforcers, which was a closer contest than the blowout taking place in Las Vegas. The show had a 9.5 Nielsen rating. is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ... The Only Season The New York/New Jersey Hitmen were a short-lived American football team based in the Giants Stadium of the Meadowlands Sports Complex in East Rutherford, New Jersey. ... The Only Season The Las Vegas Outlaws were a team in the short-lived XFL in the Western Division with the Los Angeles Xtreme, San Francisco Demons and the Memphis Maniax, they played their home games at Sam Boyd Stadium. ... Sam Boyd Stadium is a football stadium located in Las Vegas, Nevada. ... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... // Overview Orlando Rage is a name used by two different American football teams based in Orlando, Florida: one was originally part of the failed XFL begun by Vince McMahon of the World Wrestling Federation and by NBC, a major television network in the United States. ... Categories: Chicago sports | Defunct American football teams | American football stubs ... When TV viewers or entertainment professionals in the United States mention ratings they are often referring to Nielsen Ratings, a system developed by Nielsen Media Research to determine the audience size and composition of television programming. ...


Although the XFL began with better-than-expected TV ratings (the opening-week games actually delivered ratings double those of what NBC had promised advertisers and the Saturday broadcast had more viewers than the NFL Pro Bowl) and fair publicity, the audience declined sharply after the first week of the season, going from a 9.5 rating to a 4.6 in just one week, and the media attacked the league for what was perceived as a poor quality of play. This was paired with a perception that the XFL was formed from the dregs left over after the NFL, AFL and CFL had their drafts. A further problem was that the XFL itself was the brainchild of Vince McMahon, a man who was ridiculed by mainstream sports journalists due to the stigma attached to professional wrestling as being "fake" (i.e., pre-determined) – many journalists even jokingly speculated whether any of the league's games were rigged, although nothing of this sort was ever proven. The Pro Bowl is the National Football Leagues All-Star game. ... NFL redirects here. ... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ... Lions Stampeders Eskimos Roughriders Blue Bombers Tiger-Cats Argonauts Alouettes The Canadian Football League (CFL) (Ligue canadienne de football (LCF) in French), is a professional sports league located in Canada that plays Canadian football. ... A (sports) draft is the process by which professional sports teams select players not contracted to any team, often from colleges or amateur ranks. ... For the NES video game, see Pro Wrestling (video game). ...


XFL rule changes

Despite boasts by WWF promoters of a "rules-light" game and universally negative reviews from the mainstream sports media early on, the XFL played a brand of 11-man outdoor football that was recognizable, aside from the opening game sprint to determine possession and some other changes, some modified during the season.


Grass stadiums

All XFL teams had to play in outdoor stadiums with grass surfaces[3]. No domed stadiums, artificial turf stadiums, or retractable roof stadiums were allowed. A retractable roof is a technology used in many sports venues. ...


Opening scramble

Replacing the coin toss at the beginning of each game was an event in which one player from each team sought to recover a football 20 yards away in order to determine possession. Both players lined up side-by-side on one of the 30-yard lines, with the ball being placed at the 50-yard line. At the whistle, the two players would run toward the ball and attempt to gain possession; whichever player gained possession first was allowed to choose possession (as if he had won a coin toss in other leagues). This resulted in numerous injuries. Coin flipping or coin tossing is the practice of throwing a coin in the air to resolve a dispute between two parties. ...


No PAT kicks

After touchdowns there were no extra point kicks, due to the XFL's perception that an extra point kick was a "guaranteed point." To earn a point after a touchdown, teams ran a single offensive down from the two-yard line (functionally identical to the NFL/NCAA/CFL two-point conversion), but for just a single point. By the playoffs, two-point and three-point conversions had been added to the rules. Teams could opt for the bonus points by playing the conversion farther back from the goal line. Texas Longhorn quarterback Vince Young (center top of picture), now with the Tennessee Titans, rushing for a touchdown vs. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


This rule was similar to the WFL's "Action Point." WFL logo The World Football League was an American football league that played in 1974 and part of 1975. ...


Overtime

Ties were resolved in similar fashion to the NCAA and present-day CFL game, with at least one possession by each team, starting from the opponent's 20 yard line. There were differences: there were no first downs – teams had to score within four downs, and the team that had possession first in overtime could not attempt a field goal until fourth down. If that team managed to score a touchdown in less than four downs, the second team would only have that same number of downs to match or beat the result. If the score was still tied after one overtime period, the team that played second on offense in the first OT would start on offense in the second OT.


Bump and Run

The XFL allowed full bump and run coverage early in the season. Defensive backs were allowed to hit wide receivers any time before the quarterback released the ball, as long as the hit came from the front or the side (similar to the NCAA). In an effort to increase offensive production, bump and Run was restricted to the first five yards from the line of scrimmage (similar to NFL) following the fourth week of the season. Bump and run coverage is a strategy often used by defensive backs in American Football in which a defensive player will line up directly in front of a wide receiver and try to bump them with their arms in order to disrupt their intended route. ...


Forward Motion

Unlike the NFL, but like the World Football League and Arena football before it, the XFL allowed one offensive player to move toward the line of scrimmage once he was outside the tackles.


Halo rule / Live punts

The heavily-hyped "no fair catch" rule (announcers tended to mention it on almost every punt/kickoff) was paired with a five-yard zone excluding players of the kicking team around potential returners before the ball touched them or the ground, similar to rules in Canadian football, rugby football, and contemporary NCAA rules (where the term "halo" was applied, though the XFL called it instead the "danger zone"). But instead of making punt returns more exciting, it often had the opposite effect, since the XFL players' inexperience with the rule caused a high number of game-delaying penalties. A fair catch is a play in American football and several other forms of football. ... Diagram of a Canadian football field. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ...


The fair catch had previously been abolished from Canadian rules, NCAA rules (but only for the 1950 season), Rugby League, and of course soccer. A fair catch is a play in American football and several other forms of football. ... Rugby league football is a full-contact team sport played with a prolate spheroid-shaped ball by two teams of thirteen on a rectangular grass field. ... Soccer redirects here. ...


Another difference was that after touching ground 25 yards or more beyond the line of scrimmage, punts could be recovered and advanced by all players of the kicking team. This led to more quick kicks being taken on third-down-and-long situations in the one season of the small league than had been seen in the NFL over several preceding decades of longer seasons. XFL's "innovation" was similar to a rule that had been in effect in American football in the 1910s and part of the 1920s. In American football and Canadian football, a quick kick is any punt made under conditions such that the opposing team should not expect a punt. ...


XFL penalized 10 yards from the succeeding spot punts going out of bounds, even if they first touched the ground (but not a player of the receiving team).


For the initial weeks of the season, the XFL forbade all players of the kicking team from going downfield before a kick was made from scrimmage on that down, similarly to a rule the NFL considered in 1974. For the rest of the season the XFL modified it to allow one player closest to each sideline downfield ahead of the kick, the same modification the NFL adopted to their change just before their 1974 exhibition games started.


The purpose of these provisions was to keep play going after the ball was punted, encouraging the kicking team to make the ball playable and the receiving team to run it back.


Salaries

The XFL paid standardized player salaries. Quarterbacks earned U.S. $5,000 per week, kick-punt specialists earned $3,500, and all other uniformed players earned $4,000 per week. Players on a winning team received a bonus of $2,500 for the week. Matt Malloy, who was a receiver for the Los Angeles Xtreme, circumvented the lower uniformed player salary by having himself listed as a third-string quarterback. The team that won the championship game split $1,000,000. Navy quarterback Aaron Polanco sets up to throw. ... USD redirects here. ... Matt Malloy is an American character actor. ... Categories: Defunct American football teams | Los Angeles sports | American football stubs ...


Sky cam

The XFL was the first football league to feature the "sky cam," enabling TV viewers to see behind the offensive unit. The sky cam is currently used in NFL broadcasts on all major networks. This perspective was originally available only in standard definition, but is now broadcast in high definition during most major NFL games each week. Skycam at an ESPN-broadcast Auburn University football game. ...


Broadcast schedule

At the beginning of the season, NBC showed a feature game at 8 p.m. Eastern Time on Saturday nights, also taping a second game. The second game, in some weeks, would air in the visiting team's home market and be put on the air nationally if the feature game was a blowout (as was the case in week one) or encountered technical difficulties (as was the case in week two). Two games were shown each Sunday: one at 4 p.m. Eastern on TNN (now Spike TV) and another at 7 p.m. Eastern on UPN (which has since merged with The WB to form The CW). Eastern Standard Time redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) was a television network in over 200 markets in the United States. ... The Warner Bros. ... The CW Television Network, normally abbreviated to The CW, also known as The New CW in its first season of the network, is a television network in the United States launched during the 2006 television season. ...


In the third week of the season, the games were sped up through changes in the playing rules, and broadcasts were subjected to increased time constraints. The reason was the reaction of Lorne Michaels, creator and executive producer of Saturday Night Live, to the double-overtime win by the Los Angeles Xtreme against the Chicago Enforcers. The game ended at 11:45 p.m. Eastern, with the start of SNL pushed back to 12:20 a.m. Sunday morning. This angered Michaels, who expected high ratings with Jennifer Lopez as the night's host. Lopez had just become the first entertainer in history to record the top-selling album in the United States (J. Lo) and to star in the most popular movie (The Wedding Planner) at the same time. In a rare SNL move, the Lopez show actually started on time for its live audience and was broadcast via tape delay. Lorne Michaels (born November 17, 1944) is a Canadian Emmy-winning television producer, writer and comedian best known for creating and producing Saturday Night Live and producing the various film and TV projects that spun off from it. ... SNL redirects here. ... Categories: Defunct American football teams | Los Angeles sports | American football stubs ... Categories: Chicago sports | Defunct American football teams | American football stubs ... When TV viewers or entertainment professionals in the United States mention ratings they are often referring to Nielsen Ratings, a system developed by Nielsen Media Research to determine the audience size and composition of television programming. ... For the meteorologist of The Weather Channel, see The Weather Channel (United States). ... Not to be confused with J.Lo. ... The Wedding Planner is a romantic comedy released in 2001 starring Jennifer Lopez and Matthew McConaughey. ... There is also a WFMU radio program called Seven Second Delay. ...


Broadcast teams

Matt Vasgersian (born 1967) is an American sportscaster and television host, known for his versatility and humor. ... Jesse Ventura (born July 15, 1951 as James George Janos), also known as The Body, The Star, and The Governing Body, is an American politician, retired professional wrestler, Navy UDT veteran, actor, and former radio and television talk show host. ... Fred Roggin is the sports anchor at KNBC-TV in Los Angeles, California. ... Michael David Adamle (born October 4, 1949, in Euclid, Ohio) is currently a play-by-playcommentator for World Wrestling Entertainment, working on its ECW brand. ... Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jonathan Coachman (born August 12, 1973) also known as The Coach is an American professional wrestling personality, college wrestler, basketball player, and football play-by-play announcer and color commentator, as well an occasional wrestler working for World Wrestling Entertainment on the RAW brand where he is Vince McMahons... Stacy Carter (born September 29, 1971 in Memphis, Tennessee), better known as Miss Kitty or The Kat, is an American former professional wrestler and valet. ... Richard Marvin Butkus (born December 9, 1942) is a former American football player, widely regarded as the greatest linebacker of his generation and one of the best football players of all time. ... Craig Minervini is an American sportscaster based in Miami, Florida. ... Robert Perry Bob Golic (born October 26, 1957 in Cleveland, Ohio) is a former NFL defensive tackle who played for the New England Patriots (1979-1981), Cleveland Browns (1982-1988) and Los Angeles Raiders (1989-1992) in the NFL. He was drafted by the Patriots out of Notre Dame in... Chris Marlowe is an American sportscaster based in Denver, Colorado. ... Brian Bosworth (also referred to as The Boz) (born March 9, 1965 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma) is a former American football player. ... Chris Wragge on WCBS-TVs CBS 2 News in 2005 Chris Wragge (born June 19, 1970) is an anchor for WCBS-TV News at Noon and at 5 with Kristine Johnson. ... Michael Barkann (b. ...

Media response

The XFL aimed to attract two distinct audiences to games: wrestling fans and football fans. The XFL also tried to attract fans from other areas of entertainment (e.g., movies). This article is about motion pictures. ...


Many football fans distrusted the league because of its relationship to pro wrestling. They had a hard time accepting that a close, come-from-behind win or a controversial ending had not been scripted in advance, although there was no evidence to support this. The league was panned by critics as boring football with a tawdry broadcast style, although the broadcasts on TNN and to a lesser extent UPN and the Matt Vasgersian-helmed NBC coverage were comparatively professional and workmanlike. Matt Vasgersian (born 1967) is an American sportscaster and television host, known for his versatility and humor. ...


Scoring was so scarce that bookmakers could not set the over-under total low enough. Wise gamblers who took the under, often in the mid 30s, would win consistently — they could even parlay the under for all four games in a weekend and win on a regular basis. Towards the end of the season, bookies needed to make the totals in the upper 20s, highly unusual in pro football gambling circles. The league was forced to change rules during the season to afford receivers more protection, but the mid-season rules changes did little to bolster league credibility. A bookmaker, or a bookie, is an organisation or a person that takes bets and may pay winnings depending upon results and, depending on the nature of the bet, the United States, with Singapore and Canada, the only legal bookmaker is state_owned and operated. ... An over-under or over/under bet is a wager in which a sportsbook will predict a number for a statistic in a given game (usually the combined score of the two teams), and bettors wager that the actual number in the game will be either higher or lower than... Gambling (or betting) is any behavior involving the risk of money or valuables on the outcome of a game, contest, or other event in which the outcome of that activity is partially or totally dependent upon chance. ...

A group shot from an XFL cheerleader commercial.
A group shot from an XFL cheerleader commercial.

In 2000, prior to the XFL's launch, the league aired a series of cheerleader commercials on NBC, featuring adult models such as Pennelope Jimenez, Karen McDougal, and Rachel Sterling. The most famous one featured them as some of the cheerleaders taking a shower in the locker room. Using clever camera angles and strategically placed objects, the commercial gave viewers the titillating illusion that the cheerleaders were nude in the shower with little left to the imagination. The edgy XFL commercials backfired and caused a controversy. Deemed too risqué by the media, the commercials were quickly withdrawn prior to the debut of the league. Image File history File links XFL_cheerleader_group. ... Image File history File links XFL_cheerleader_group. ... Cheerleading is recreational activity and sometimes competitive sport involving organised routines including elements of dance and gymnastics to encourage crowds to cheer on sports teams. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Pennelope Manriquez Jimenez (born July 26, 1978 in San Diego, California) is an American model and actress. ... Karen McDougal (born March 23, 1971) is an American model and actress. ... A changeroom (in Australia, Canada, and other areas, including some parts of the USA, and also known as a changing room, change room, lockerroom, or locker room in the United Kingdom or USA) is a place where people go to change their clothes. ...


Notable players

Notable players included league MVP and Los Angeles quarterback Tommy Maddox, who signed with the Pittsburgh Steelers after the XFL folded (Maddox later became the starting quarterback for the Steelers in 2002 and led them to that year's playoffs, as well as continuing to start for them into 2004). Los Angeles used the first pick in the XFL draft to select another future NFL quarterback, Scott Milanovich. Milanovich lost the starting quarterback job to Maddox, who was placed on the Xtreme as one of a handful of players put on each team due to geographic distance between the player's college and the team's hometown. Another of the better-known players was Las Vegas running back Rod Smart, who first gained popularity because the name on the back of his jersey read "He Hate Me." Smart, who was only picked 357th in the draft, later went on to play for the Philadelphia Eagles, Carolina Panthers, and the Oakland Raiders. His Panther teammate Jake Delhomme named his new-born horse "She Hate Me" as a reference to him.[4] Smart played in Super Bowl XXXVIII becoming one of four XFL players to play in a Super Bowl. Receiver Yo Murphy did as a member of the St. Louis Rams in Super Bowl XXXVI)[5]. Tommy Maddox played for a Super Bowl team with the (Pittsburgh Steelers) in Super Bowl XL in Detroit, (although Maddox, by then a third-string quarterback, did not play in the game, which turned out to be his last appearance in uniform before retiring). Lastly, Las Vegas Outlaws DB Kelly Herndon played in Super Bowl XL with the Seattle Seahawks in 2005, where he is remembered for intercepting a pass and returning it a record 76 yards. In sports, a Most Valuable Player (MVP) award is an honor typically bestowed upon the best performing player or players on a specific team, in an entire league, or for a particular contest or series of contests. ... Thomas (Tommy) Alfred Maddox (born September 2, 1971 in Shreveport, Louisiana) is a football quarterback who most recently played for the Pittsburgh Steelers. ... Steelers redirects here. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 2001 XFL Draft was the first and last draft for the single-season XFL football league. ... P.J. Daniels was a star running back for Georgia Tech from 2002-2005. ... Rod Smart Torrold D. Rod Smart (born January 9, 1977, Lakeland, Florida) is an American football player who played for the Super Bowl XXXVIII runner-up Carolina Panthers as a kick return man/running back. ... Rod Smart Torrold D. Rod Smart (born January 9, 1977, Lakeland, Florida) is an American football player who played for the Super Bowl XXXVIII runner-up Carolina Panthers as a kick return man/running back. ... City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Team colors Midnight Green, Black, White, and Silver Head Coach Andy Reid Owner Jeffrey Lurie General manager Tom Heckert Fight song Fly, Eagles Fly Mascot Swoop League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1933–present) Eastern Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952) Eastern Conference (1953-1969) Capitol... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1995–present) National Football Conference (1995-present) NFC West (1995-2001) NFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Black, Panther Blue, Silver, White Mascot Sir Purr Personnel Owner Jerry Richardson General Manager Marty Hurney Head Coach John Fox Team history Carolina Panthers (1995... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Silver and Black Personnel Owner Al Davis General Manager Al Davis Head Coach Lane Kiffin Team history Oakland Raiders (1960... Jake Christopher Delhomme (born January 10, 1975 in Breaux Bridge, Louisiana) is an American football quarterback for the Carolina Panthers of the National Football League. ... Date February 1, 2004 Stadium Reliant Stadium City Houston, Texas MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback Favorite Patriots by 7 National anthem Beyoncé Coin toss Earl Campbell, Ollie Matson, Don Maynard, Y.A. Tittle, Mike Singletary, Gene Upshaw Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Janet Jackson, Justin Timberlake, Outkast, P. Diddy, Kid Rock... Llewellyn Yo Murphy (born May 11, 1971 in San Pedro, California) is an American gridiron football player, currently playing for the Ottawa Renegades of the Canadian Football League. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1936) National Football League (1937–present) Western Division (1937-1949) National Conference (1950-1952) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Millennium Blue and New Century Gold Personnel Owner Chip... Date February 3, 2002 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback (New England) Favorite Rams by 14 National anthem Mariah Carey Coin toss George H. W. Bush and Roger Staubach Referee Bernie Kukar Halftime show U2 Attendance 72,922 TV in the United States Network FOX... Steelers redirects here. ... Date February 5, 2006 Stadium Ford Field City Detroit, Michigan MVP Hines Ward, wide receiver Favorite Steelers by 4 National anthem Aaron Neville, Aretha Franklin and Dr. John, ASL performed by Angela LaGuardia Coin toss Tom Brady Referee Bill Leavy Halftime show The Rolling Stones Attendance 68,206 TV in... Detroit redirects here. ... Kelly Errin Herndon (born November 3, 1976 in Bedford, Ohio) is an American football cornerback who currently plays for the Tennessee Titans. ... City Seattle, Washington Team colors Pacific Blue, Navy Blue, Neon Green, White Head Coach Mike Holmgren Owner Paul Allen General manager Tim Ruskell Mascot Blitz, and Taima the hawk League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1977-2001) AFC West (1977-2001) National Football Conference (1976...


End of season and failure

On April 21, 2001, the season concluded as the Los Angeles Xtreme defeated the San Francisco Demons 38-6 in the XFL Championship Game (which was originally given the Zen-like moniker "The Big Game at the End of the Season", but was later dubbed the Million Dollar Game, after the amount of money awarded to the winning team). is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Categories: Defunct American football teams | Los Angeles sports | American football stubs ... The Only Season The San Francisco Demons were a short-lived springtime American football team based in San Francisco, California. ... For other uses, see Zen (disambiguation). ... The Million Dollar Game was the XFLs championship game at the end of its only season in 2001. ...


Though paid attendance at games remained respectable, if unimpressive (overall attendance were only 10% below what the league's goal had been at the start of the season), the XFL ceased operations after just one season due to astonishingly low TV ratings. The NBC telecast of the Chicago/NY-NJ game on March 31 received a 1.5 rating, at that time the lowest ever for any major network primetime television broadcast in the United States. (On July 19, 2006, an episode of the reality game show The One: Making a Music Star broke that record with only a 1.3 on ABC.) is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... PrimeTime is a television newsmagazine from ABC News. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... // This article is about the genre of TV shows. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ...


NBC itself attempted to win back the audience that it had lost when it lost the rights to air NFL games two years previously, which seems to have been the reason behind both its investment in and broadcasting of a new professional football league. But despite initially agreeing to broadcast XFL games for two years and owning half of the league, NBC announced it would not broadcast a second XFL season, thus admitting failure in their attempt at airing replacement pro football. WWF Chairman Vince McMahon initially announced that the XFL would continue, as it still had UPN and TNN as broadcast outlets. In fact, expansion teams were being explored for cities such as Washington, D.C. and Detroit, Michigan. However, in order to continue broadcasting XFL games, UPN demanded that WWF SmackDown broadcasts be cut from two hours to one and a half hours. McMahon found these terms unacceptable and he announced the XFL's closure on May 10, 2001. For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Detroit redirects here. ... For the video game series based on the show, see WWE SmackDown! (video game series). ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


One reason for the failure of the league to catch on, despite its financial solvency and massive visibility (perhaps infamy), was the lack of respect for the league in the sports media. XFL games were rarely treated as sports contests, but rather more like WWF-like sensationalized events. With few NFL-quality players, save Tommy Maddox, the league's MVP, and with little thoughtful analysis or even consideration by sports columnists, the XFL never gained the necessary recognition to be regarded as a viable league. The fact that the league was co-owned by NBC made ESPN (which was part of the same corporation as ABC) and Fox Sports Net (owned by Fox TV) disinclined to report on the XFL. Many local TV newscasts and newspapers (even in XFL cities) did not report league scores or show highlights. This led to many football fans treating the XFL as a joke, rather than competition to the NFL. Thomas (Tommy) Alfred Maddox (born September 2, 1971 in Shreveport, Louisiana) is a football quarterback who most recently played for the Pittsburgh Steelers. ...


ECW announcer Joey Styles mentioned on the McMahon DVD (which has a short section on the XFL) that if the league had not been as publicly associated with wrestling and the negative stigma that comes with it, the league might have been successful. On the same DVD, Vince McMahon defends the XFL, saying it didn't cost a lot of money for him to try and still thinks it was a good idea, although WWE television nowadays occasionally pokes fun at the failures of the XFL. This article is about the WWE brand. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... McMahon is a DVD produced by World Wrestling Entertainment that reflects back on the career of Vince McMahon (Mr. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc - see Etymology) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ...


WWE announcer Jerry Lawler believes that the league could have been a success if given more time. He stated in his biography that Vince's novel approach of adding entertainment to the sport would have made it a more appealing alternative to the NFL. However, because the league was immediately compared to the NFL as a direct competitor, he feels that the pressures placed by NBC ruined McMahon's model entirely. He states "I knew after the very first week that it wasn't going to fly. They said don't mention the cheerleaders, don't shoot the cheerleaders. I realized then they were going to try to take on the NFL and that was never going to work. The football wasn't good enough."[6]


The XFL ranked #3 on TV Guide's list of the worst TV shows of all time in July 2002, as well as #2 on ESPN's list of biggest flops in sports, behind Ryan Leaf. TV Guide is the name of two North American weekly magazines about television programming, one in the United States and one in Canada. ... The 50 Worst TV Shows of All Time is a list compiled by TV Guide for the cover story for the week of July 20, 2002. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... Ryan David Leaf (born May 15, 1976) is a former American football quarterback who played for the San Diego Chargers, Tampa Bay Buccaneers, Dallas Cowboys and Seattle Seahawks between 1998 and 2002. ...


Legacy

Despite its unimpressive showing among the TV audience, the XFL gave its small group of dedicated fans an intriguing 12 weeks of football. It restored an outdoor professional franchise to Birmingham, Las Vegas and Memphis, each of whom had lacked an outdoor pro team since their CFL franchises were shuttered in 1995, and to Orlando, which had no professional outdoor football since the WLAF (later NFL Europa) folded North American operations in 1992. The XFL brought a football franchise to Los Angeles, a market which has been a troubling wasteland for the NFL for years, and demonstrated that a baseball-specific stadium such as San Francisco's Pac Bell Park made a remarkably pleasing venue for football as well. However, none of these novelties translated into overall commercial success. Nickname: Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama Coordinates: , Country State Counties Jefferson, Shelby Incorporated December 19, 1871 Government  - Type Mayor - Council  - Mayor Bernard Kincaid (Current) Larry Langford (Mayor-Elect) Area  - City 151. ... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ... The World League of American Football (WLAF) was founded in 1990 with support from the NFL to play semi-professional American Football in North America, Europe and later maybe Asia. ... NFL Europa is an American football league which operates in Europe. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... AT&T Park (also called China Basin) is an open-air baseball park, home to the San Francisco Giants of the Major League Baseball. ...


The XFL helped popularize the Sky Cam, an innovative bird's-eye technique in which the camera hovered directly over the action on the field. The Sky Cam was eventually adopted by both the NFL and CFL after the XFL folded. The Sky Cam is an innovative camera technique used primarily in American football. ...


The defunct league also popularized "in-game" interviews. The XFL would interview head coaches between plays. Now, in the NHL, players are interviewed between commercial breaks and Major League Baseball has managers and coaches being interviewed. During FOX's Saturday Game of the Week, players often wear microphones for a "sounds of the game" segment. MLB on FOX is the Fox Broadcasting Companys de facto brand name for their coverage of Major League Baseball. ...


NBC would continue airing professional league football beyond the demise of the XFL. While no football aired during the 2002 season due to the Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, NBC struck a deal with the Arena Football League and would air games from that league from 2003 to 2006 (see AFL on NBC). The AFL's "swoosh" ball pattern appears to be inspired by the XFL model. The 2002 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIX Olympic Winter Games, and with the theme slogan Light The Fire Within, were celebrated in 2002 in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States. ... For ships of the United States Navy of the same name, see USS Salt Lake City. ... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ... The AFL on NBC is an NBC Sports TV program that shows Arena Football League games since the 2003 season. ...


In 2006, NBC went full circle, returning to coverage of NFL games with NBC Sunday Night Football. The occasional use of the "sky-cam" and sideline interviews are the only features common to both the NFL and XFL coverage. The 2006 season of the National Football League (NFL) was the 87th one played by the major professional American football league in the United States. ... NBC Sunday Night Football is a weekly television broadcast of Sunday evening National Football League games on NBC that began airing on Sunday, August 6, 2006 with the pre-season opening Hall of Fame Game. ...


XFL team names and logos also appear in movies and television where professional football needs to be dramatized, but licensing for NFL logos may be cost prohibitive.


In an episode of The Simpsons, Homer is wearing an XFL cap and waving a flag with the XFL logo at the beginning, looking forward to the new season, only to have the news broken to him, by Marge, that the XFL has folded. Marge then tells him that the league MVP told her, and that he was now sweeping up nails at the hair salon. In reality, the league's only MVP, Tommy Maddox, would resurrect his once-disastrous NFL career with the Pittsburgh Steelers and win the NFL Comeback Player of the Year award in 2002 before giving way to Ben Roethlisberger two years later. The Old Man and the Key is the thirteenth episode of the thirteenth season of The Simpsons. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Thomas (Tommy) Alfred Maddox (born September 2, 1971 in Shreveport, Louisiana) is a football quarterback who most recently played for the Pittsburgh Steelers. ... Steelers redirects here. ... The NFL Comeback Player of the Year Award has been given out after every season since 1972, except for 1985 when no winner was selected. ... The 2002 NFL season was the 83rd regular season of the National Football League. ... Ben Roethlisberger (born March 2, 1982, in Findlay, Ohio[1]), nicknamed Big Ben, is an American football quarterback for the Pittsburgh Steelers of the National Football League. ...


In the Arnold Schwarzenegger film The 6th Day, which takes place in the "near future", Arnold's character Adam Gibson is shown moving through an arena where an XFL game is currently in play. Of course, as the league folded in 2001, it is possible that it found some measure of success in this alternate future as depicted in The 6th Day. The 6th Day is a 2000 action movie starring Arnold Schwarzenegger. ...


In Blood Sisters, when Raine asks Kurumi to be blunt, she says "I really liked the XFL", Raine claps, then says "That's badass". Another episode features Rin wearing a shirt with Rod Smart's "He Hate Me" nickname. Blood Sisters is a critically acclaimed 2005 book by Barbara and Stephanie Keating. ...


Went on to play in the NFL

Llewellyn Yo Murphy (born May 11, 1971 in San Pedro, California) is an American gridiron football player, currently playing for the Ottawa Renegades of the Canadian Football League. ... Kevin Robert Kaesviharn (born August 29, 1976 in Paramount, California), is a safety with the National Football Leagues New Orleans Saints. ... Thomas (Tommy) Alfred Maddox (born September 2, 1971 in Shreveport, Louisiana) is a football quarterback who most recently played for the Pittsburgh Steelers. ... Jose Cortez (born 1975) is an American football kicker, who is currently on waivers. ... A journeyman cornerback in the NFL with the St. ... Michael Thomas Furrey (born May 12, 1977 in Grove City, Ohio) is a National Football League wide receiver for the Detroit Lions. ... Rod Smart Torrold D. Rod Smart (born January 9, 1977, Lakeland, Florida) is an American football player who played for the Super Bowl XXXVIII runner-up Carolina Panthers as a kick return man/running back. ... Kelly Errin Herndon (born November 3, 1976 in Bedford, Ohio) is an American football cornerback who currently plays for the Tennessee Titans. ... Steve Gleason was born in Spokane, Washington in 1977. ...

Went on to play in the Super Bowl

  • Rod Smart
  • Yo Murphy
  • Tommy Maddox
  • Corey Ivy
  • Kelly Herndon

Went on to play in the CFL

Kelvin Anderson is a Canadian football player. ... John Avery (born November 1, 1976 in Richmond, Virginia) is a former National Football League running back and a current Canadian Football League player with the Toronto Argonauts. ... Duane Butler(Born:November 9,1973 in Trotwood, Ohio) is a former National Football League, and current Canadian Football League linebacker for the Montreal Alouettes. ... Jeremaine Copeland is a former XFL football player, and a current Canadian Football League wide receiver for the Calgary Stampeders. ... Marcus Crandell (born June 1, 1974, in Charlotte, North Carolina) is an American gridiron football player currently playing as a quarterback for the Saskatchewan Roughriders of the Canadian Football League (CFL). ... Reggie Durden(Born:November 11,1976) is a Canadian Football League defensive back for the Montreal Alouettes. ... Paul McCallum (born January 7, 1970 in Vancouver, British Columbia) is an Canadian gridiron football player currently playing as a placekicker and punter for the BC Lions of the Canadian Football League (CFL). ... Noel Prefontaine is a kicker with the Toronto Argonauts, and originally comes from Oakville, Ontario. ... Bobby Singh (born November 21, 1975)[1] is a guard with the BC Lions of the Canadian Football League[2] and member of the Board of School Trustees of British Columbia School District 38 Richmond. ...

Went on to play in the AFL

Eric England (born April 25, 1971 in Fort Wayne, Indiana) is a former National Football League, Xtreme Football League and current Canadian Football League defensive end. ... Mark Grieb( born May 23, 1974, in Torrance, California) is an Arena Football League quarterback for the San Jose SaberCats. ... Craig Dominic Whelihan (born April 15, 1971 in San Jose, California), is a Arena Football League quarterback with the San Jose Sabercats. ...

Went on to wrestle for WWE

  • Rich Young

Teams

Eastern Division


Birmingham Thunderbolts
(2001)

Chicago Enforcers
(2001)

New York/New Jersey Hitmen
(2001)

Orlando Rage
(2001)

Western Division The Only Season The Birmingham Thunderbolts were a short-lived springtime American football team based in Birmingham, Alabama. ... Categories: Chicago sports | Defunct American football teams | American football stubs ... The Only Season The New York/New Jersey Hitmen were a short-lived American football team based in the Giants Stadium of the Meadowlands Sports Complex in East Rutherford, New Jersey. ... // Overview Orlando Rage is a name used by two different American football teams based in Orlando, Florida: one was originally part of the failed XFL begun by Vince McMahon of the World Wrestling Federation and by NBC, a major television network in the United States. ...


Las Vegas Outlaws
(2001)

Los Angeles Xtreme
(2001)

Memphis Maniax
(2001)

San Francisco Demons
(2001)

The Only Season The Las Vegas Outlaws were a team in the short-lived XFL in the Western Division with the Los Angeles Xtreme, San Francisco Demons and the Memphis Maniax, they played their home games at Sam Boyd Stadium. ... Categories: Defunct American football teams | Los Angeles sports | American football stubs ... The Memphis ManiAX were a short-lived springtime American football team based in Memphis, Tennessee. ... The Only Season The San Francisco Demons were a short-lived springtime American football team based in San Francisco, California. ...

2001 standings

Eastern Division Won Lost
Orlando Rage 8 2
Chicago Enforcers 5 5
New York/New Jersey Hitmen 4 6
Birmingham Thunderbolts 2 8
Western Division Won Lost
Los Angeles Xtreme 7 3
San Francisco Demons 5 5
Memphis Maniax 5 5
Las Vegas Outlaws 4 6

// Overview Orlando Rage is a name used by two different American football teams based in Orlando, Florida: one was originally part of the failed XFL begun by Vince McMahon of the World Wrestling Federation and by NBC, a major television network in the United States. ... Categories: Chicago sports | Defunct American football teams | American football stubs ... The Only Season The New York/New Jersey Hitmen were a short-lived American football team based in the Giants Stadium of the Meadowlands Sports Complex in East Rutherford, New Jersey. ... The Only Season The Birmingham Thunderbolts were a short-lived springtime American football team based in Birmingham, Alabama. ... Categories: Defunct American football teams | Los Angeles sports | American football stubs ... The Only Season The San Francisco Demons were a short-lived springtime American football team based in San Francisco, California. ... The Memphis ManiAX were a short-lived springtime American football team based in Memphis, Tennessee. ... The Only Season The Las Vegas Outlaws were a team in the short-lived XFL in the Western Division with the Los Angeles Xtreme, San Francisco Demons and the Memphis Maniax, they played their home games at Sam Boyd Stadium. ...

Awards

Thomas (Tommy) Alfred Maddox (born September 2, 1971 in Shreveport, Louisiana) is a football quarterback who most recently played for the Pittsburgh Steelers. ... Categories: Defunct American football teams | Los Angeles sports | American football stubs ... Jose Cortez (born 1975) is an American football kicker, who is currently on waivers. ... XFL article stating Al Luginbills coaching history Place and day of birth Arizona State coaching history Detroit Fury stint as Headcoach and GM Currently working for the Denver Broncos evaluating pro personnel      San Diego State Aztecs Head Football Coaches Peterson • Herreid • Calland • Eubank • Breitbard • Terry • Schutte • Governali • Coryell • Gilbert • Scovil...

Statistical leaders

  • Receiving Catches: 93 Christopher Lonson (Orlando Rage)
  • Receiving Yards: 828 Stepfret Williams (Birmingham Thunderbolts)
  • Receiving Touchdowns: 8 Darnell McDonald (Los Angeles Xtreme)
  • Passing Attempts: 342 Tommy Maddox (Los Angeles Xtreme)
  • Passing Completions: 196 Tommy Maddox (Los Angeles Xtreme)
  • Passing Yards: 2186 Tommy Maddox (Los Angeles Xtreme)
  • Passing Touchdowns: 18 Tommy Maddox (Los Angeles Xtreme)
  • Passing Interceptions: 10 Brian Kuklick (Orlando Rage)

James Bostic (born March 13, 1972, Fort Lauderdale, Florida) is a former American football running back, best known for his play in the defunct XFL. Bostic played college football at Auburn University. ... The Only Season The Birmingham Thunderbolts were a short-lived springtime American football team based in Birmingham, Alabama. ... John Avery (born November 1, 1976 in Richmond, Virginia) is a former National Football League running back and a current Canadian Football League player with the Toronto Argonauts. ... Categories: Chicago sports | Defunct American football teams | American football stubs ... // Overview Orlando Rage is a name used by two different American football teams based in Orlando, Florida: one was originally part of the failed XFL begun by Vince McMahon of the World Wrestling Federation and by NBC, a major television network in the United States. ... Categories: Defunct American football teams | Los Angeles sports | American football stubs ... Thomas (Tommy) Alfred Maddox (born September 2, 1971 in Shreveport, Louisiana) is a football quarterback who most recently played for the Pittsburgh Steelers. ... A journeyman cornerback in the NFL with the St. ... Kelvin Kinney (born December 31, 1972 in Montgomery, West Virginia) was an American football defensive end in the NFL for the Washington Redskins. ... The Only Season The Las Vegas Outlaws were a team in the short-lived XFL in the Western Division with the Los Angeles Xtreme, San Francisco Demons and the Memphis Maniax, they played their home games at Sam Boyd Stadium. ...

See also

This is a list of current and defunct leagues of American football. ... McMahon is a DVD produced by World Wrestling Entertainment that reflects back on the career of Vince McMahon (Mr. ...

References and external links

  1. ^ http://www.misterhabs.com/helmets.htm
  2. ^ TIME WARNER AND NBC TO FORM NEW PRO LEAGUE. SportsBusiness.com.
  3. ^ List of stadiums courtesy of xflboard.com.
  4. ^ JS Online: Fans love 'He Hate Me'
  5. ^ http://www.yomurphy.com/facts.htm
  6. ^ It's good to be the king...Sometimes. Jerry Lawler. pg. 262.
  • Forrest, Brett. Long Bomb: How the XFL Became TV's Biggest Fiasco. Crown Publishing, 2002. ISBN 0609609920.
  • XFLBoard.com
  • Remember the XFL
  • XFL at the Open Directory Project
  • Jump The Shark - XFL
  • Music of the XFL

  Results from FactBites:
 
WWE Corporate (496 words)
NBC's XFL coverage will provide viewers with an "all-access backstage pass" through the use of cameras and microphones placed everywhere from the players and coaches themselves to the huddles and sidelines.
The XFL, which is co-owned and operated by WWE, Inc. and NBC, begins its first season on Saturday, Feb. 3, 2001.
XFL rule modifications - most notably its "no fair catch" rule - are designed to add excitement while encouraging offense.
XFL - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (3817 words)
XFL was intended to be a major professional sports league to compete with the NFL, but failed to find an audience and folded after its first and only season.
This particular XFL had no connection to an indoor league also known as the XFL (Xtreme Football League) that had launched a few years earlier but merged with AF2 before ever playing a game in its own right (although the leagues did have a connection in both having teams in Birmingham, Alabama).
The XFL brought a football franchise to Los Angeles, a market which has been a troubling wasteland for the NFL for years, and demonstrated that a baseball-specific stadium such as San Francisco's Pac Bell Park made a remarkably pleasing venue for football as well.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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