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Encyclopedia > Wudu

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Islamic Jurisprudence

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This article is about Hygiene in Islam.

Wudu (Arabic: الوضوء al-wuḍū', Persian:آبدست ābdast, Turkish: abdest) is the Islamic act of washing parts of the body using water. Muslims are required to perform wudu in preparation for ritual prayers and for handling and reading the Qur'an. Wudu is often translated as "partial ablution", as opposed to ghusl, or "full ablution". This is a sub-article of fiqh and Law and economics. ... Islamic politics is the profession of Muslim politicians. ... This is a sub-article to Islamic jurisprudence and Marriage. ... Islamic criminal jurisprudence is the Islamic criminal law. ... This is a sub-article to Islamic jurisprudence and etiquette. ... Islamic theological jurisprudence is the filed of Islamic jurisprudence specialized in theological issues. ... This is a sub-article to fiqh and Hygiene Hygiene in Islam is a prominent topic but one which non-Muslims are not very familiar with. ... This is a sub-article to Islamic hygienical jurisprudence and cleanliness. ... Ihram (إحرام) is an Arabic word that denotes a sacred state in which a Muslim must enter in order to perform the major pilgrimage, hajj or the minor pilgrimage, umrah. ... Ghusl (غسل) is an Arabic term referring to the full Ablution in Islam. ... This article is about Hygiene in Islam. ... The miswak (miswaak, siwak) is a natural toothbrush made from the twigs of the Salvadora persica tree. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Haraam. ... This is a sub-article of Sexuality in Islam and Islamic cleanliness . ... This is a sub-article to Hygiene in Islam, Healthy diet and Food and cooking hygiene. ... This is a sub-article to Islamic dietary laws and Vegetarianism and religion Islam and Vegetarianism. ... DhabiÄ¥a (ذَبِيْحَة, dhabiha, zabiha) is the prescribed method of slaughtering all animals excluding fish and most sea-life as per Islam. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a sub-article to fiqh and Hygiene Hygiene in Islam is a prominent topic but one which non-Muslims are not very familiar with. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... It has been suggested that Scripts used for Persian be merged into this article or section. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... It has been suggested that Salat of Quran be merged into this article or section. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Alcoran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ritual purification. ... Ghusl (غسل) is an Arabic term referring to the full Ablution in Islam. ...

Contents

The acts of wudu

The Qur'anic mandate for wudu comes in the sixth ayat of sura 5 (Al-Ma'ida): The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Alcoran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... Ayah is the Arabic word for sign or miracle. ... Sura (sometimes spelt Surah , plural Suwar ) is an Arabic term literally meaning something enclosed or surrounded by a fence or wall. ... Surat al-Maida (The Table or The Table Spread) is the 5th sura of the Quran, with 120 ayat. ...


"O you who believe! when you rise up to prayer, wash your faces and your hands as far as the elbows, wipe your heads and your feet to the ankles; and if you are under an obligation to perform a total ablution, then wash (yourselves) and if you are sick or on a journey, or one of you come from the privy, or you have touched the women, and you cannot find water, betake yourselves to pure earth and wipe your faces and your hands therewith, God does not desire to put on you any difficulty, but He wishes to purify you and that He may complete His favor on you, so that you may be grateful."


There are other acts that are performed during wudu (coming from the sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Be Upon Him) and Sunni Islamic scholars) and the detailed acts of the wudu can be classed into 3 types: Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ...

  • Farāid al-wudu - seven fard (obligatory) acts. If one of these acts is omitted, it must be returned to and then completion of the successive acts are to be performed.
    • Making the intention.
    • Washing the face.
    • Washing the arms.
    • Wiping the head (in the manner of anointment).
    • Wiping the feet to the ankles.
    • Rubbing thoroughly when washing.
    • Not interrupting wudu.
  • Sunan al-wudu - seven sunnah (Optional - practised by Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.)according to Sunni Hadiths) acts. If one of these acts is omitted, it should be completed.
    • Washing the hands.
    • Rinsing the mouth.
    • Sniffing water and blowing it out
    • Wetting the hands to rub the ears.
    • Rubbing the ears.
    • Doing the acts of ablution in order.
  • Mustahabbāt al-wudu - a handful of mustahab (recommended) acts that are considered to make the wudu better. If one of these acts is omitted, the wudu is still considered valid.
    • Reciting the bismillah before commencement of wudu
    • Reciting the shahadah after the ablution
    • Brushing the teeth before ablution.
    • Repetition of each act 3 times.
    • Choosing a clean place for ablution.
    • Not wasting water in ablution.
People washing before prayer at the Badshahi mosque in Lahore, Pakistan
People washing before prayer at the Badshahi mosque in Lahore, Pakistan

Fard (Arabic: ) also farida (Arabic: ) is an Islamic term which denotes a religious duty. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... Sunni Muslims are the largest denomination of Islam. ... The Hadith (الحديث, pl. ... Mustahab, recomended, is a Islamic term denoting a actions between Mubah (neutral) and Wajib (actions which must be performed). ... Basmala or Bismillah Basmala calligraphy Basmala (Arabic بسملة) is an Arabic language noun which is used as the collective name of the whole of the recurring Islamic phrase  . This phrase constitutes the first verse of the first sura (or chapter) of the Quran, and is used in a number of... Black flag featuring the Shahada text The shahadah (Arabic:  ) is the Islamic creed. ... Image File history File links Ablution_area_inside_Eastern_wall_of_Badshahi_mosque. ... Image File history File links Ablution_area_inside_Eastern_wall_of_Badshahi_mosque. ... View from Minto Park The Badshahi Masjid (بادشاەى مسجد), or the Emperors Mosque, was built in 1673 by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in Lahore, Pakistan. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the province of Punjab, and is the second most densely populated city in Pakistan. ...

Performance of wudu

Performance of wudu according to Sunni Muslims

  1. Begin by saying bismillah ("In the Name of Allah (God)").
  2. Make niya (intention) to perform wudu and cleanse himself of his impurities.
  3. Wash the right hand up to the wrist (and between the fingers) three times, then similarly for the left hand.
  4. Rinse the mouth and spit out the water three times.
  5. Gently put water into the nostrils with the right hand, pinch the top of the nose with the left hand to exhale the water. This is performed three times.
  6. Wash the face (from the hairline on the forehead to where facial hair begins and ear to ear). This is to be performed three times.
  7. Wash the entire right arm, including the hand, up to the elbow three times; then the left arm three times.
  8. Wet hands and starting with your hands flat on the top of your head near the hairline, wipe them to the back of the neck and back again to the front. This is only done once. This act is called masah. One may make masah over a muslim head cap.
  9. With wet fingers, place thumbs at backs of ears, use index finger on curves of ear and middle finger to wash the ears (front and back). This is only done once. This is called making masah the ears.
  10. Starting with the right foot, wash both feet from the toes up to the ankles.
  11. Recite the shahadah.

Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Basmala or Bismillah Basmala calligraphy Basmala (Arabic بسملة) is an Arabic language noun which is used as the collective name of the whole of the recurring Islamic phrase  . This phrase constitutes the first verse of the first sura (or chapter) of the Quran, and is used in a number of... Niya is a site on the southern edge of the Tarim Basin, in modern-day Xinjiang, China at which numerous Buddhist scriptures were recovered. ... Masah (Arabic مسح) refers to the act of ritually cleaning the feet or head with a small amount of water before prayer(salat) in the Islamic faith. ... Black flag featuring the Shahada text The shahadah (Arabic:  ) is the Islamic creed. ...

Performance of wudu according to Shia Muslims

Wudu must be performed on the skin except in the case of the wiping of the head (unless there is an obstacle that isn't naturally there, such as a combover). If there are bandages stopping one from wiping the skin of the arms, face, etc., then it is permissible to wipe the bandage. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A comb over is a hairstyle worn by bald or balding men where the hair on one side of the head is grown long and then combed over the bald area. ...

  1. Make the intention to perform wudu in the heart.
  2. Shape the right hand like a cup and take water into it. Afterwards, pour the water on the top of the forehead and wipe down with the right hand. It is obligatory to wash from the area where the hair normally grows to the chin.
  3. Shape the left hand like a cup and take water into it. Afterwards, pour this water onto your right forearm and wash your right forearm (covering the right forearm in water, leaving no spot dry). Wipe from the elbow to the fingers, and not from the fingers to the elbow.
  4. Repeat this process except with the left forearm.
  5. Without taking more water, wipe your hair from the middle down to the forehead, or vice versa, using the index finger of your right hand; it is mustahab to use three fingers. If you are balding, you would wash your hair as if it were growing when you had a full head of hair. It is not permissible to wipe the hair over an obstacle (such as wiping a hat or a turban instead of the hair/skin). It is not obligatory to wipe the actual skin on the head. If, however, the hair isn't growing from the area you are wiping (such as if you have a combover), then you must move the hair to where it belongs and wipe the skin.
  6. Without taking more water, wipe the top of your right foot with your right hand. You only wipe once and with a swiping motion. It is unallowed to wipe the shoe, sock, etc. You MUST wipe the skin of the feet unless there is an extreme reason.
  7. Do the same thing, except using your left hand and wiping your left foot.

This is based off of the 6th Ayat of Surah al-Ma'ida (Qur'an 5:6) which states: Baldness (formally alopecia) is the state of lacking hair where it usually would grow, especially on the head. ... // The Human Forearm The forearm is the structure on the upper limb, between the elbow and the wrist. ... // The Human Forearm The forearm is the structure on the upper limb, between the elbow and the wrist. ... In human anatomy, the forehead or brow is the bony part of the head above the eyes. ... Mustahab, recomended, is a Islamic term denoting a actions between Mubah (neutral) and Wajib (actions which must be performed). ... Baldness (formally alopecia) is the state of lacking hair where it usually would grow, especially on the head. ... A Sikh man wearing a turban The turban (from the Persian , dulband via the Turkish ) is a headdress consisting of a long scarf-like single piece of cloth wound round the head or an inner hat. ... A comb over is a hairstyle worn by bald or balding men where the hair on one side of the head is grown long and then combed over the bald area. ... Ayah is the Arabic word for sign or miracle. ... See also: Sura (disambiguation). ... Surat al-Maida (The Table or The Table Spread) is the 5th sura of the Quran, with 120 ayat. ...


"O you who believe! when you rise up to prayer, wash your faces and your hands as far as the elbows, wipe your heads and your feet to the ankles..."


Imam Ali and the other Imams have stated that there are Mustahab, or recommended actions to wudu along with the above mentioned method.[1] These acts are recommended: This article is about the Shia concept, for the more general Islamic term, see Imam. ... For other uses, see Ali (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Shia concept, for the more general Islamic term, see Imam. ... Mustahab, recomended, is a Islamic term denoting a actions between Mubah (neutral) and Wajib (actions which must be performed). ...

  1. Washing the hands twice.
  2. Gargling the mouth three times.
  3. Rinsing the nose three times.
  4. Washing the face twice and the arms twice. It should be noted that it is not permissible to wipe the head and the feet twice (unless it is because one missed a spot) and that it is not permissible to wash the face and the arms three times.

There is no sin in leaving these out, but by doing them you will be rewarded by Allah. These extra acts are to be seen as Mustahab and it is forbidden to think of them as obligatory. These Mustahab acts of wudu are stated in Shia Hadiths. Allah is the Arabic language word for God. ... Mustahab, recomended, is a Islamic term denoting a actions between Mubah (neutral) and Wajib (actions which must be performed). ... Mustahab, recomended, is a Islamic term denoting a actions between Mubah (neutral) and Wajib (actions which must be performed). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Performance of wudu according to Qur'an Alone Muslims

Qur'an Alone Muslims 1.wash hands 2.rinse mouth 3 times 3.blowing water into the nose then out 4.washing face 5.rinsing first right forearm then left 6.wash head to ears. 7.wash your feet to the ankle right then left. This is based off of the 6th Ayat of Surah al-Ma'ida (Qur'an 5:6) which states: Quran alone Muslims, Quranic Muslims or sometimes, anti-hadith Muslims are those Muslims who reject hadith, or preserved traditions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and follow the Quran, a sacred text of Islam, exclusively. ... Quran alone Muslims, Quranic Muslims or sometimes, anti-hadith Muslims are those Muslims who reject hadith, or preserved traditions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and follow the Quran, a sacred text of Islam, exclusively. ... Ayah is the Arabic word for sign or miracle. ... See also: Sura (disambiguation). ... Surat al-Maida (The Table or The Table Spread) is the 5th sura of the Quran, with 120 ayat. ...


"O you who believe! when you rise up to prayer, wash your faces and your hands as far as the elbows, wipe your heads and your feet to the ankles..."


Wudhu gives a sense of cleanliness both spiritually and physically. As well as that, wudhu shows a sign of respect to Allah as one is clean in the presence of Him i.e. during prayer.


Invalidation of wudu

Theoretically, one can perform one wudu for fajr salaat and this wudu would be considered valid for the rest of the day. However, certain things invalidate the wudu (often referred to as "breaking wudu") and these can be stated generically thus: The Fajr prayer is the dawn daily prayer recited by practicing Muslims. ... Salah (other terms and spellings exist) (Arabic: صلاه , Old (Quran) Arabic: صلوة ) is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. ...

  1. Defecation, passing gas or urination.
  2. Emission of semen.
  3. Sleep.
  4. Passing blood.
  5. Vomiting.
  6. Loss of senses.
  7. Touching a member of the opposite sex - one who is not a mahram.

The four schools of Islamic jurisprudence specify these conditions in more detail and include other conditions too. In Islamic sharia legal terminology, a mahram (Arabic محرم, also transcribed mahrim or maharem) is an unmarriageable kin with whom sexual intercourse would be considered incestuous, a punishable taboo. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Wudu according to the four maddhab is a description of the principles of wudu according to the four major schools of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh): Hanafi, Hanbali, Maliki and Shafii. ...


Abu Hanifa interpreted "touched the women" to mean sexual intercourse, whereas Shafi'i interpreted it literally, meaning one must make wudu after making physical contact with a member of the opposite sex. Imam Abu Hanifa (699 - 765) was an important Islamic scholar and jurist and is considered the founder of the Hanifi school of fiqh. ... The word intercourse refers to: Look up intercourse in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Šāfiˤī madhab (Arabic: شافعي) is one of the four schools of fiqh, or religious law, within Sunni Islam. ...


Wudu according to various Islamic Schools of Law

  • Shia Ja`fari School: Laws Governing Ritual Purity.
  • Sunni Schools:

The four schools of Islamic fiqh differ on some issues regarding the performance of wudu and it's invalidation. Wudu according to the four maddhab is a description of the principles of wudu according to the four major schools of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh): Hanafi, Hanbali, Maliki and Shafii. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Tayammum

Main article: Tayammum

Tayammum is a "dry ablution" using clean soil, rock, or sand and is to be performed when water is not readily available to perform ablution or when one is defiled (on janabah) and could not perform ghusl. See [1] This article is about Hygiene in Islam. ...


References

  • Laws Governing Ritual Purity.
  • Description of Ablution on IslamiCity
  • Lemu, B. A., Islamic Aqidah and Fiqh: A Textbook of Islamic Belief and Jurisprudence (revised and expanded edition of Tawhid and Fiqh), IQRA' International Education Foundation, Chicago, 1997.
  • Dr. Mamdouh N. Mohamed. Salaat: The Islamic Prayer from A to Z. 2003.

External Links

  • Ablution in Quraan n Sunnah

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Ritual and Spiritual Purity (5012 words)
Wudu and ghusl both are ritual ablutions; the former is a minor ablution while the latter is a major ablution.
Wudu is not wajib for sunnat (recommended) prayers; but as the prayers whether obligatory or recommended are invalid without wudu, so we have to pray the sunnat prayers also with wudu.
As mentioned earlier, wudu is an act consisting of two stages (i) washing the face and hands; and (ii) wiping a part of the head and feet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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