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Encyclopedia > Worsted

Worsted is the name of a dick

 the cloth made from this yarn, as well as a yarn weight category. The name derives from the village of Worstead in the English county of Norfolk. This village became, along with North Walsham and Aylsham, a centre for the manufacture of yarn and cloth after weavers from Flanders arrived in Norfolk in the 12th century.[1] 

Contents

It has been suggested that Textile be merged into this article or section. ... Worstead is a village and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem specific to England — the anthem of the United Kingdom is God Save the Queen. See also Proposed English National Anthems. ... Norfolk (IPA: //) is a low-lying county in East Anglia in the east of southern England. ... North Walsham is a market town and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk. ... Aylsham is a historic market town and civil parish on the River Bure in North Norfolk, England. ... Anthem De Vlaamse Leeuw (The Flemish Lion) Location of Belgian Flanders in Europe The Flemish Region Capital Brussels Official languages Dutch1 Recognised regional languages Flemish: Dutch Brussels: French and Dutch Government  -  Minister-President Kris Peeters Area  -  Total 13,522 km²   sq mi  Population  -  2006 [1] census 6,078,600   -  Density...

Technique & Preparation

The essential feature of a worsted yarn is straightness of fibre, in that the fibres lie parallel to each other. Traditionally, long, fine staple wool was spun to create worsted yarn, but other long fibres are also used today. Two wool samples of different staple lengths A staple is a sample of the raw material for a textile. ... Long and short hair wool at the South Central Family Farm Research Center in Boonesville, Arizona Wool is the fiber derived from the fur of animals and people of the Caprinae family, principally sheep, but the hair of certain species of other mammals such as goats and rabbits and oxes... A hand-turned spinning wheel in action Cones of yarn for industrial use Z-twist and S-twist yarns Spinning is the process of creating yarn (or thread, rope, cable) from various raw fiber materials. ... For the meaning of fiber in nutrition, see dietary fiber. ...


Many spinners differentiate between worsted preparation and worsted spinning. Worsted preparation refers to the way the fibre is prepared before spinning, using combs to force the fibre staples to lie parallel to each other. This produces overlapping untwisted strands called "slivers". Worsted spinning refers to using a worsted technique, which produces a smooth yarn with no air. Combinations of worsted preparation and worsted spinning with other techniques produce different types of yarn, notably semi-worsted yarn.


A roving is often used to spin wooolen yarn, and top is often used to spin worsted yarn. Many hand spinners buy their fibre in roving or top form. Top and roving are rope like in appearance, in that they can be thick and long. While some mills put a slight twist in the rovings they make, it is not enough twist to be a yarn. The fibers in top all lie parallel to one another along the length, which makes top ideal for spinning worsted yarns. The fibers in roving all lie crossed to one another along the length, which makes roving ideal for spinning woolen yarns. This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


Contrast woolen. Woolen is the name of a yarn and cloth usually made from wool. ...


The cloth

Worsted cloth, archaically also known as "stuff", is lightweight and has a coarse texture. The weave is usually twill or plain. Twilled fabrics such as whipcord, gabardine and serge are often made from worsted yarn. Worsted fabric made from wool has a natural recovery, meaning that it is resilient and quickly returns to its natural shape, but non-glossy worsted will shine with use or abrasion. Tweed loom, Harris, 2004 Woven sheet Weaving is an ancient textile art and craft that involves placing two sets of threads or yarn made of fiber called the warp and weft of the loom and turning them into cloth. ... A twill weave can easily be identified by its diagonal lines. ... Whipcord is a strong worsted or cotton fabric made of hard-twisted yarns with a diagonal cord or rib. ... Gabardine is a tough, tightly woven fabric used to make suits, overcoats and trousers, or a garment made from the material. ... Serge is a type of twill fabric that has diagonal lines or ridges on both sides, made with a two-up, two-down weave. ...


Worsteds differs from woolens, in that the natural crimp of the wool fibre is removed in the process of spinning the yarn. In Tropical Worsteds, this use of tightly-spun straightened wool, combined with a looser weave, permits the free flow of air through the fabric. Woolen is the name of a yarn and cloth usually made from wool. ...


Worsted is also used for carpets, garments, hosiery, gloves, and baize. A carpet is any loom-woven, felted textile or grass floor covering. ... Clothing protects the vulnerable nude human body from the extremes of weather, other features of our environment, and for safety reasons. ... Hosiery describes undergarments worn directly on the feet and legs. ... // Leather gloves A glove (Middle English from Old English glof) is a type of garment which covers the hand of a human. ... Baize is a coarse woollen or cotton cloth, often coloured red or green. ...


Weight

The term "worsted" is often applied to any yarn spun from fibres three inches in length or longer that have been carded or combed, and spun, not just wool. Acrylic and other yarns can be called "worsted," and this is a reference to the weight of the yarn as much as the production process. Acrylic fibers are synthetic fibers made from a polymer with a weight average molecular weight of ~100,000. ...


A worsted yarn generally has a gauge of about 16-20 stitches per 10 centimeters using US size 9 needles, though this definition may vary slightly in different countries. Gauge indicates the number of rows or stiches in a given length or width of knitting. ...


History

Prior to the introduction of automatic machinery there was little difficulty in attaining a straight fibre, as long wool was always used, and the sliver was made up by hand, using combs. However, with the introduction of Richard Arkwright's water frame in 1771, and the later introduction of cap and mule spinning machines, the need for perfectly prepared slivers became apparent, and many manufactories used one or more preparatory "gill-boxes" (combing machines) before the worsting process, to ensure straightness of fibre and even distribution of the lubricant. Richard Arkwright Sir Richard Arkwright (23 December 1732 – 3 August 1792) was an Englishman credited with the spinning frame — later renamed the water frame following the transition to water power. ... The water frame is an extension of the spinning frame; both of which are credited to Richard Arkwright. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A lubricant (colloquially, lube, although this may also refer to personal lubricants) is a substance (usually a liquid) introduced between two moving surfaces to reduce the friction and wear between them. ...


References

  1. ^ Worstead village history. Retrieved December 15, 2005.
  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External Links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Worsted - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (436 words)
Worsted is the name of both a yarn, usually made from wool, and the cloth made from this yarn.
Worsted cloth, archaically also known as "stuff", is lightweight and has a hard, smooth texture.
Worsted is also used for carpets, garments, hosiery, gloves, and Billiard table cloth.
Worsted - definition of Worsted in Encyclopedia (143 words)
Worsted is the name of a yarn and cloth usually made from wool.
The cloth has a hard, smooth texture, usually whipcord, gabardine or serge, and the usual weave is a twill weave.
Worsted is also used for carpets, garments, hosiery and gloves.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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