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Encyclopedia > WorldWideWeb
 WorldWideWeb

WorldWideWeb, c.1993
Maintainer: Tim Berners-Lee for CERN
Stable release: 0.17  (1994 ?) [+/-]
Preview release: none  (none) [+/-]
OS: NeXTSTEP
Genre: Web browser
License: Public domain
Website: www.w3.org/.../WorldWideWeb.html

WorldWideWeb was the world's first web browser and WYSIWYG (What you see is what you get) HTML editor. It was introduced on February 26, 1991, by Tim Berners-Lee, and ran on the NeXTSTEP platform. It was later renamed Nexus to avoid confusion with the World Wide Web, also created by Berners-Lee. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1120x832, 236 KB) This is a screenshot of a copyrighted web page, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by owner of the website. ... Software maintenance is one of the activities in software engineering, and is the process of enhancing and optimizing deployed software (software release), as well as remedying defects. ... Sir Tim Berners-Lee Sir Tim (Timothy John) Berners-Lee, KBE (TimBL or TBL) (b. ... CERN logo CERN is the Organisation Européenne pour la Recherche Nucléaire (European Organization for Nuclear Research ), the worlds largest particle physics laboratory, situated on the border between France and Switzerland, just west of Geneva. ... A software release is to create a new version of the system or program and release it to the user community. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV in Roman) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... A software release is to create a new version of the system or program and release it to the user community. ... An operating system is a program required for the user to manage the system and to run third-party application software for that system. ... NeXTSTEP Desktop NEXTSTEP is the original object-oriented, multitasking operating system that NeXT Computer, Inc. ... A software genre is a classification of software by its common function, type or topic. ... Icons for Web browser shortcuts on an Apple computer (Safari, Internet Explorer, and Firefox). ... A software license is a type of proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software — sometimes called an End User License Agreement (EULA) — that specifies the perimeters of the permission granted by the owner to the user. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The front page of the English Wikipedia Website. ... Icons for Web browser shortcuts on an Apple computer (Safari, Internet Explorer, and Firefox). ... WYSIWYG (pronounced wizzy-wig or wuzzy-wig), an acronym for What You See Is What You Get, is used in computing to describe a system in which content during editing appears very similar to the final product. ... An HTML editor is a software application for creating web pages. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI in Roman) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sir Tim Berners-Lee Sir Tim (Timothy John) Berners-Lee, KBE (TimBL or TBL) (b. ... NeXTSTEP Desktop NEXTSTEP is the original object-oriented, multitasking operating system that NeXT Computer, Inc. ... This NeXTcube used by Berners-Lee at CERN became the first Web server. ...


WorldWideWeb was the first program which used not only the common File Transfer Protocol but also the Hypertext Transfer Protocol, invented by Berners-Lee in 1989. At the time it was written, WorldWideWeb was the only way to view the Web. It has been suggested that FTP over SSH be merged into this article or section. ... HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is the primary method used to transfer or convey information on the World Wide Web. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents


History

Berners-Lee wrote WorldWideWeb in Objective-C on a NeXT computer during the second half of 1990. He was working for CERN at this time, simultaneously writing the first web server, called httpd, as well as various other bits of related software. The first successful build was completed on Christmas Day, 1990, and successive builds circulated among Berners-Lee's colleagues at CERN before being released to the public (by way of Internet newsgroups) in August 1991. By this time several others, including Bernd Pollermann, Robert Cailliau, Jean-Fran├žois Groff, and graduate student Nicola Pellow (who wrote the line-mode browser) were involved in the project. Objective-C, often referred to as ObjC or more seldomly as Objective C or Obj-C, is an object oriented programming language implemented as an extension to C. It is used primarily on Mac OS X and GNUstep, two environments based on the OpenStep standard, and is the primary language... The NeXT logo, designed by Paul Rand. ... This article is about the year. ... CERN logo CERN is the Organisation Européenne pour la Recherche Nucléaire (European Organization for Nuclear Research ), the worlds largest particle physics laboratory, situated on the border between France and Switzerland, just west of Geneva. ... The term Web server can mean one of two things: A computer that is responsible for accepting HTTP requests from clients, which are known as Web browsers, and serving them Web pages, which are usually HTML documents. ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 6 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ... A newsgroup is a repository, usually within the Usenet system, for messages posted from many users at different locations. ... August is the eighth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1991 (MCMXCI in Roman) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Robert Cailliau Robert Cailliau (b. ... A Line-mode browser is a form of web browser that is operated from a single command line. ...


Berners-Lee and Groff later adapted many of WorldWideWeb's components into the C programming language, creating the libwww API. The C Programming Language, Brian Kernighan and Dennis Ritchie, the original edition that served for many years as an informal specification of the language The C programming language is a standardized imperative computer programming language developed in the early 1970s by Dennis Ritchie for use on the Unix operating system. ... Libwww is a highly-modular client-side web API written in C for Unix and Windows. ... An application programming interface (API) is the interface that a computer system, library or application provides in order to allow requests for service to be made of it by other computer programs, and/or to allow data to be exchanged between them. ...


By 1993, other browsers, such as NCSA/Mosaic, had replaced the WorldWideWeb program. Those involved in its creation had moved on to other tasks, such as defining standards and guidelines for the further development of the World Wide Web - e.g. HTML, various communication protocols, and so on. 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Mosaic is a web browser (client) for the World Wide Web written at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA). ... This NeXTcube used by Berners-Lee at CERN became the first Web server. ... A piece of HTML code with syntax highlighting In computing, Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is a markup language designed for the creation of web pages with hypertext and other information to be displayed in a web browser. ... In networking, a communications protocol or network protocol is the specification of a set of rules for a particular type of communication. ...


On April 30, 1993, the CERN directorate released WorldWideWeb into the public domain, and several versions of the software are still available to download from evolt.org's browser archive. April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining, as the last day in April. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


Technical information

Since WorldWideWeb was developed on and for the NeXTSTEP platform, the program used many of NeXTSTEP's components - WorldWideWeb's layout engine was built around NeXTSTEP's Text class. A layout engine, or rendering engine, is a software that takes web content (such as HTML, XML, image files, etc) and formatting information (such as CSS, XSL, etc) and displays the formatted content on the screen. ... In object-oriented programming, classes are used to group related variables and functions. ...


Features

WorldWideWeb was capable of displaying basic style sheets, downloading and opening any file type supported by the NeXT system (which included PostScript, movies, sounds, and so on), browsing newsgroups, and spellchecking. At first, images were displayed in separate windows, until NeXTSTEP's Text class supported Image objects. Editing pages remotely was not yet possible, as the HTTP PUT method had not yet been implemented. A Style sheet is a feature of desktop publishing programs that store and apply formatting to text. ... PostScript (PS) is a page description language and programming language used primarily in the electronic and desktop publishing areas. ... A newsgroup is a repository usually within the Usenet system, for messages posted from many users at different locations. ... In computing terms, a spelling checker (also spell checker) is a software program designed to verify the spelling of words in a file, helping a user ensure his/her spelling is correct. ... HTTP (for HyperText Transfer Protocol) is the primary method used to convey information on the World Wide Web. ... Used mainly in object-oriented programming, the term method refers to a piece of code that is exclusively associated either with a class (called class methods or static methods) or with an object (called instance methods). ...


Trivia WorldWideWeb's navigation panel contained Next and Previous buttons that would automatically navigate to the next or previous link on the last page visited, i.e., if one navigated to a page from a table of links, the Previous button would cause the browser to load the previous page linked in the table. This was initially useful because most pages were headed by such a table of links; however, as the World Wide Web grew, the convention was dropped, as were these buttons from later web browsers. Convention has at least two very distinct but related meanings. ...


See also

The following is a list of web browsers. ... The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of web browsers. ...

External links

  • Tim Berners-Lee: WorldWideWeb
  • A Little History of the World Wide Web
  • Berners-Lee's blog
  • Weaving the Web, Berners-Lee's book about the conception of the Web

  Results from FactBites:
 
WorldWideWeb - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (525 words)
WorldWideWeb was the first program which used not only the common File Transfer Protocol but also the Hypertext Transfer Protocol, invented by Berners-Lee in 1989.
On April 30, 1993, the CERN directorate released WorldWideWeb into the public domain, and several versions of the software are still available to download from evolt.org's browser archive.
WorldWideWeb was capable of displaying basic style sheets, downloading and opening any file type supported by the NeXT system (which included PostScript, movies, sounds, and so on), browsing newsgroups, and spellchecking.
Terms of Use (1147 words)
WorldWideWeb Tax’s inclusion of hyperlinks to such web sites does not imply any endorsement of the material on such web sites or any association with their operators.
WorldWideWeb Tax reserves the right to change the terms, conditions, and notices under which this web site and the software is offered.
A printed version of this agreement and of any notice given in electronic form shall be admissible in judicial or administrative proceedings based upon or relating to this agreement to the same extent and subject to the same conditions as other business documents and records originally generated and maintained in printed form.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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