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Encyclopedia > World war

A world war is a war affecting the majority of the world's major nations. World wars usually span multiple continents, and are devastating. For other uses, see War (disambiguation). ... Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. ...


The term has usually been applied to two conflicts of unprecedented scale and slaughter that occurred during the 20th century. They were the First World War, also known as the Great War (1914–1918) and the Second World War (1939–1945). (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Contents

Origins of the term

The term "World War" was coined speculatively in the early 20th century, some years before the first World War broke out, probably as a literal translation of the German word 'Weltkrieg'[1] The Oxford English Dictionary cites the first known usage as being in April 1909, in the pages of the Westminster Gazette. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... The Oxford English Dictionary print set The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP), and is the most successful dictionary of the English language, (not to be confused with the one-volume Oxford Dictionary of English, formerly New Oxford Dictionary of English, of... The Westminster Gazette was a liberal newspaper based in London which started publishing on January 31, 1893. ...


It was recognized that the complex system of opposing alliances — the German Empire, Austria-Hungary, and Italy vs. the French Third Republic, the Russian Empire, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was likely to lead to a global conflict in the event of war breaking out. The fact that the powers involved had large overseas empires virtually guaranteed that a conflict would be global, as the colonies' resources would be a crucial strategic factor. The same strategic considerations also ensured that the combatants would strike at each others' colonies, thus spreading the fighting far more widely than in the pre-colonial era. For German colonial territories, see German Colonial Empire. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... The French Third Republic, (in French, La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) (1870/75-10 July 1940) was the governing body of France between the Second French Empire and the Vichy Regime. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Motto Dieu et mon droit(French) God and my right1 Anthem God Save the King (Queen) Territory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Capital London Language(s) English² Government Constitutional monarchy Monarch  - 1801–1820 George III  - 1820–1830 George IV  - 1830–1837 William IV  - 1837–1901...


Prior to 1939, the European war of 1914–1918 was usually called either the World War or the Great War. Only after the start of hostilities in 1939 did the World War become commonly known as the First World War (or, initially, 'The First Great War'). This is easily observed today when visiting the numerous First World War monuments and memorials to be found throughout the world. Such memorials, most of which were constructed in the 1920s plainly refer to the World War or Great War. Occasionally, a contemporary marker will indicate 1919 as the year the war ended (e.g., The World War, 1914–1919) which refers to the date of the Treaty of Versailles as the official end of the war rather than the Armistice in 1918 which in effect ended the actual hostilities. This article is about the Treaty of Versailles of June 28 1919, which ended World War I. For other uses, see Treaty of Versailles (disambiguation) . The Treaty of Versailles (1919) was a peace treaty which officially ended World War I between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany. ... A white flag is traditionally used to represent a truce. ...


The specific term First World War was actually coined during the war. German biologist and philosopher Ernst Haeckel wrote this shortly after the start of the war: Ernst Haeckel. ...

There is no doubt that the course and character of the feared "European War"...will become the first world war the full sense of the word.

Indianapolis Star September 20, 1914[2] The Indianapolis Star began publishing on June 6, 1903 and celebrated its 100th anniversary on June 6, 2003. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

This is the first known instance of the term First World War, which previously had been dated to 1931 for the earliest usage. The term was used again near the end of the war. English journalist Charles à Repington (1858-1925) wrote:

[Diary entry, September 10, 1918]: We discussed the right name of the war. I said the we called it now The War, but that this could not last. The Napoleonic War was The Great War. To call it The German War was too much flattery for the Boche. I suggested The World War as a shade better title, and finally we mutually agreed to call it The First World War in order to prevent the millennium folk from forgetting that the history of the world was the history of war.

"The First World War, 1914-1918" (1920)[3] is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... This article is about the Germans as an ethnic group (unlike Ethnic German, which is the article on the German diaspora). ...

In 1933, Simon & Schuster published a photographic history of the war, edited by playwright and war veteran Laurence Stallings, with the title The First World War. A feature-length documentary film, also written by Stallings and titled The First World War, was released in November 1934. Jean-François Millet Le Semeur (The Sower) Simon & Schuster logo, circa 1961. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Three months before World War II began in Europe, Time magazine first used the term "World War I" in its issue of June 12, 1939, when comparing the last war with the upcoming war.[4] “TIME” redirects here. ...


The term "Second World War" was coined in the 1920s. In 1928, US Secretary of State Frank B. Kellogg advocated his treaty "for the renunciation of war" (known as the Kellogg-Briand Pact) as being a "practical guarantee against a second world war". The term came into widespread use as soon as the war began in 1939. Time magazine introduced the term "World War II" in the same article of June 12, 1939, in which it introduced "World War I," three months before the start of the second war. The United States Secretary of State is the head of the United States Department of State, concerned with foreign affairs. ... Frank Billings Kellogg (December 22, 1856 – December 21, 1937) was an American politician and statesman. ... President Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, and Frank B. Kellogg, standing, with representatives of the governments who have ratified the Treaty for Renunciation of War (Kellogg-Briand Pact), in the East Room of the White House. ... “TIME” redirects here. ...


Other languages have also adopted the "World War" terminology; for instance, in French, the two World Wars are the Guerres Mondiales; in German, the Erste und Zweite Weltkrieg; in Russian the мировые войны; and so on.


Earlier worldwide conflicts

Other examples suitable to be classified as world wars in terms of their intercontinental and intercultural scope were the Mongol Invasions leading to the Mongol Empire, which spanned Eurasia from China, Japan, and Korea to Persia, Mesopotamia, the Balkans, Hungary and Russia, and the Dutch-Portuguese War from the 1580s to the 1650s, which was fought throughout the Atlantic, Brazil, West Africa, Southern Africa, the Indian Ocean, India and Indonesia. Expansion of the Mongol Empire Historical map of the Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: , Mongolyn Ezent Güren; 1206–1405) was the largest contiguous empire in history, covering over 33 million km²[1] (12 million square miles) at its zenith, with an estimated population of over 100 million people. ... For other uses, see Eurasia (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Korean peninsula and civilization. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Mesopotamia was a cradle of civilization geographically located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, largely corresponding to modern-day Iraq. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Combatants ° Kingdom of Portugal (under Spanish Crown) ° Kingdom of Spain ° Kingdom of Cochin ° Maranhao Tupis ° Republic of the Seven United Provinces ° Kingdom of England ° Sultanate of Johore ° Kandyan Kingdom ° Kingdom of Kongo ° Kingdom of Ndongo-Matamba ° Rio Grande Tupis ° Nhandui Tarairiu Tribe ° Potiguar Tribe Commanders * Viceroy Pedro da Silva * High... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb[1] West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Southern Africa ...

Dutch-Portuguese war, the first intercontinental resource war.
Dutch-Portuguese war, the first intercontinental resource war.

Other wars in earlier periods that saw conflict across the world have been considered world wars by some: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1357x628, 62 KB) Summary Map of the Dutch-Portuguese War Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1357x628, 62 KB) Summary Map of the Dutch-Portuguese War Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...

These, however, were confined to the European powers and their colonial empires and offshoots. The Asian powers were not involved (counting the Ottoman Empire as a European power in this instance). Combatants Habsburg Empire England (1701-6) Great Britain (1707-14)[1] Dutch Republic Kingdom of Portugal Crown of Aragon Duchy of Savoy [2] Kingdom of France Kingdom of Spain Electorate of Bavaria Hungarian Rebels [3] Commanders Eugene of Savoy Margrave of Baden Count Starhemberg Duke of Marlborough Marquis de Ruvigny... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... Year 1713 (MDCCXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Great Britain and its American Colonies Electorate of Hanover Iroquois Confederacy Kingdom of Portugal Electorate of Brunswick Electorate of Hesse-Kassel Philippines Archduchy of Austria Kingdom of France Empire of Russia Kingdom of Sweden Kingdom of Spain Electorate of Saxony Kingdom of Naples and... 1756 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Churchill redirects here. ... A contemporary cover of History of the English Speaking Peoples. ... Combatants Great Britain Austria Prussia Spain[1] Russia Sardinia Ottoman Empire Portugal Dutch Republic[2] France The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of major conflicts, from 1792 until 1802, fought between the French Revolutionary government and several European states. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... --69. ... Combatants Austria[1] Portugal Prussia[1] Russia[2] Sicily  Spain[3]  Sweden United Kingdom[4] French Empire Holland Italy Naples [5] Duchy of Warsaw Bavaria[6] Saxony[7] Denmark-Norway [8] Commanders Archduke Charles Prince Schwarzenberg Karl Mack von Leiberich João Francisco de Saldanha Oliveira e Daun Gebhard von... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Ottoman redirects here. ...


Prior to the late 19th century, the concept of a world war would not have had much meaning. The Asian powers of China and Japan did not act outside their own continents, and they certainly did not conduct affairs on an equal footing with the European powers; China was the target of European colonialism while Japan remained isolationist until the 1850s. The European conflicts of earlier centuries were essentially quarrels between powers which took place in fairly limited, though sometimes far-flung, theaters of conflict. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... // Production of steel revolutionized by invention of the Bessemer process Benjamin Silliman fractionates petroleum by distillation for the first time First transatlantic telegraph cable laid First safety elevator installed by Elisha Otis Railroads begin to supplant canals in the United States as a primary means of transporting goods. ...


Where native inhabitants of other continents were involved, they generally participated as local auxiliaries rather than as allies of equal status, fighting in multiple theaters. For instance, in Britain's wars against France, Native Americans assisted both European powers on their own ground rather than being shipped to continental Europe to serve as allied troops there. By contrast, during the World Wars, millions of troops from Africa, Asia, North America and Australasia served alongside the colonial powers in Europe and other theatres of war. This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ...


Characteristics of the World Wars

World Map with the participants in World War I.The Allies depicted in green, the Central Powers in orange, and neutral countries in grey
World Map with the participants in World War I.
The Allies depicted in green, the Central Powers in orange, and neutral countries in grey
World Map with the participants in World War II.The Allies depicted in green (those in light green entered after the attack on Pearl Harbor), the Axis Powers in orange, and neutral countries in grey
World Map with the participants in World War II.
The Allies depicted in green (those in light green entered after the attack on Pearl Harbor), the Axis Powers in orange, and neutral countries in grey

The two World Wars of the 20th century took place on every continent on Earth ( even to a small degree Antarctica during World War), with the bulk of the fighting taking place in Europe and Asia. They involved more combatant nations and more individual combatants than any other conflicts. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 41 KB) // Summary Map with the Participants in World War I: Green: Allies Orange: Central Powers Gray: Neutral Countries The boundary of China in the previous version is wrong. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 41 KB) // Summary Map with the Participants in World War I: Green: Allies Orange: Central Powers Gray: Neutral Countries The boundary of China in the previous version is wrong. ... European military alliances in 1915. ... Map of the World showing the participants in World War I. Those fighting on the Allies side (at one point or another) are depicted in green, the Central Powers in orange, and neutral countries in gray. ... European military alliances in 1914. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 31 KB)Map with the Participants in World War II: Dark Green: Allies before the Attack on Pearl Harbour Light Green: Allied countries that entered after the Attack on Pearl Habour Orange: Axis Powers Dark green dots represent countries that... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 31 KB)Map with the Participants in World War II: Dark Green: Allies before the Attack on Pearl Harbour Light Green: Allied countries that entered after the Attack on Pearl Habour Orange: Axis Powers Dark green dots represent countries that... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... This article is about the independent states that comprised the Allies. ... This article is about the actual attack. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A world war is a war affecting the majority of the worlds major nations. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...


The World Wars were also the first wars to be fought in all three terrestrial elements—ground, sea and air—and depended, more than in any previous conflict, on the mobilization of industrial and scientific resources. They were the first instance in which the doctrine of total war was fully applied, with drastic effects on the participants. Total war is a military conflict in which nations mobilize all available resources in order to destroy another nations ability to engage in war. ...


Many of the nations who fought in the First World War also fought in the Second, although not always on the same sides. Some historians have characterized the World Wars as a single "European civil war" spanning the period 1914–1945, though this is arguably an oversimplification. It also overlooks the war in the Far East caused by Japan's programme of territorial expansion, which started independently of events in Europe. The European Civil War is a debated period in history between the beginning of the Franco-Prussian War on July 19, 1870 and end of the European portion of World War II on May 8, 1945. ... The far east as a cultural block includes East Asia, Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia and South Asia. ...


The World Wars were made possible, above all else, by a combination of fast communications (such as the telegraph and radio) and fast transportation (the steam ship and railroad). This enabled military action to be coordinated rapidly over a very wide area and permitted troops to be transported quickly in large numbers on a global scale. Telegraph and Telegram redirect here. ... Paddle steamers - Lucerne-Switzerland Left: original paddlewheel from a paddle steamer on the lake of Lucerne. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ...


Effects of the World Wars

The two World Wars of the 20th century caused unprecedented casualties and destruction across the theaters of conflict. The numbers killed in the wars are estimated at between 60 and 100 million people. Unlike in most previous conflicts, civilians suffered as badly as or worse than soldiers, and the distinction between combatants and civilians was often erased. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...

Both World Wars in comparison (estimated data)
  World War I World War II
Affected States 36 62
Deaths 10 M 62 M
Injured 20 M 35 M
Conscripts 70 M 110 M
Battlefield 4 M km² 22 M km²

The outcome of the World Wars had a profound effect on the course of world history. The old European empires collapsed or were dismantled as a direct result of the wars' crushing costs and in some cases the defeats of imperial powers. The modern international security, economic and diplomatic system was created in the aftermath of the wars. Institutions such as NATO, the United Nations and the European Union were established to "collectivise" international affairs, with the explicit aim of preventing another outbreak of general war. The wars also greatly changed the course of daily life. Technologies developed during wartime had a profound effect on peacetime life as well—for instance, jet aircraft, penicillin, nuclear energy and electronic computers. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the military alliance. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... Jet aircraft are aircrafts with jet engines. ... For the Japanese rock band, see Penicillin (band). ... Nuclear energy is energy released from the atomic nucleus. ... The tower of a personal computer. ...


Since the Second World War was ended in August 1945 by the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, there has been a widespread and prolonged fear of a Third World War between nuclear-armed superpowers. The fact that this has not come to pass has been attributed by many to the devastating and essentially unwinnable nature of nuclear warfare, with the end result being the extermination of human life or, at the very least, the collapse of civilization. Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The mushroom cloud over Hiroshima after the dropping of Little Boy. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... A superpower is a state with the ability to influence events or project power on a wide scale. ... Nuclear War is a card game designed by Douglas Malewicki, and originally published in 1966. ... Human extinction would be the extinction of the human species, Homo sapiens. ...


When asked what kind of weapons would be used to fight World War III, the physicist Albert Einstein replied:[5] “Einstein” redirects here. ...

“I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones.”

Subsequent world wars

Some groups define "world war" to include other far-reaching multi-national conflicts, such as the Cold War or current "War on Terrorism". The Project for the New American Century holds both views, calling the Cold War "World War III" and the War on Terrorism "World War IV"; this was also agreed by Jean Baudrillard. However, these characterizations have attracted little support and have not been agreed upon by the majority of historians. For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about U.S. actions, and those of other states, after September 11, 2001. ... Project for the New American Centurys Logo The Project for the New American Century (PNAC) is an American neoconservative think tank based in Washington, D.C., co-founded as a non-profit educational organization by William Kristol and Robert Kagan in early 1997. ... A nuclear holocaust is often associated with World War III For other uses, see World War III (disambiguation). ... Jean Baudrillard (July 29, 1929 – March 6, 2007) (IPA pronunciation: [1]) was a French cultural theorist, philosopher, political commentator, and photographer. ...


"War of Neoliberalism Against Humanity" as a world war

Long before conservatives used the term to refer to a "War on Terrorism", it was coined by left wing movements and scholars to refer to a global struggle taking place after the Cold War. In 1997 Subcomandante Marcos wrote at length about the Fourth World War as the violent reorganization of every aspect of life by neoliberalism or global capitalism.[1] This article is about U.S. actions, and those of other states, after September 11, 2001. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Subcomandante Marcos in Chiapas Subcomandante Insurgente Marcos (allegedly born June 19, 1957 in Tampico, Tamaulipas, Mexico), also known as Delegado Cero (Delegate Zero) in matters concerning the Other Campaign, describes himself as the spokesperson for the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) but, due to his prominence in the EZLN... For the school of international relations, see Neoliberalism (international relations). ... It has been suggested that The Global Economy be merged into this article or section. ...


"War on Terrorism" as a world war

The term "World War IV" is occasionally used in the United States political and policy debates that continue in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks. As long ago as 1992, Count de Marenches, the former head of French intelligence, wrote a book[6] alleging that a "fourth world war", of terrorism versus civilization, was taking place. As a designation for the post-9/11 war on terrorism, its use was first proposed by Eliot A. Cohen in his opinion piece written for the Wall Street Journal opinion page on November 20, 2001 titled, "World War IV: Let's call this conflict what it is." A core quotation from his thesis is A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Count Alexandre de Marenches (1921-1995 ) was a French military officer. ... Eliot A. Cohen Eliot A. Cohen a professor at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) at Johns Hopkins University. ... The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...

The Cold War was World War III, which reminds us that not all global conflicts entail the movement of multimillion-man armies, or conventional front lines on a map. The analogy with the Cold War does, however, suggest some key features of that conflict: that it is, in fact, global; that it will involve a mixture of violent and nonviolent efforts; that it will require mobilization of skill, expertise and resources, if not of vast numbers of soldiers; that it may go on for a long time; and that it has ideological roots.

On November 16, 2002, James Woolsey, former Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, gave a speech at Restoration Weekend, sponsored by the Center for the Study of Popular Culture, titled "World War IV",[2] in which he outlines the entire rationale for fighting World War IV. In the most provocative portion of his speech, he says Robert James Woolsey Jr. ... “CIA” redirects here. ...

But, I would say this. Both to the terrorists and to the pathological predators such as Saddam Hussein and to the autocrats as well, the barbarics, the Saudi royal family. They have to realize that now for the fourth time in 100 years, we've been awakened and this country is on the march. We didn't choose this fight, but we're in it. And being on the march, there's only one way we're going to be able to win it. It's the way we won World War I fighting for Wilson's 14 points. The way we won World War II fighting for Churchill's and Roosevelt's Atlantic Charter and the way we won World War III fighting for the noble ideas I think best expressed by President Reagan, but also very importantly at the beginning by President Truman, that this was not a war of us against them. It was not a war of countries. It was a war of freedom against tyranny. We have to convince the people of the Middle East that we are on their side, as we convinced Lech Wałęsa and Václav Havel and Andrei Sakharov that we were on their side.

Cohen was one of the first publicly to single out Iraq as the second battlefield after Afghanistan in his version of World War IV. On December 23, 2001 he then wrote in the Wall Street Journal, "War with Iraq will have its perils. Some are likely to be illusory: the Arab 'street,' for example, which never quite rises as promised. Others may be quite real, to include the use of chemical and biological weapons. Should the U.S. fail to take the challenge, sooner or later it is sure to find Iraqi terror on its doorstep. It may have already. Should the U.S. rise to the occasion, however, it may begin a transformation of the Middle East that could provide many benefits to the populations of an unfree region. That will, in the end, make us infinitely more secure at home."[3] Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was the fifth President of Iraq and Chairman of the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council from 1979 until his overthrow by US forces in 2003. ... The House of Saud refers to the royal family of Saudi Arabia. ... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856–February 3, 1924), was the twenty-eighth President of the United States. ... Churchill redirects here. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ... Churchill meets FDR aboard USS Augusta at their 1941 secret meeting at Argentia, Newfoundland. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... For the victim of Mt. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... “WaÅ‚Ä™sa” redirects here. ... Václav Havel, GCB, CC, (IPA: ) (born October 5, 1936 in Prague) is a Czech writer and dramatist. ... Andrei Sakharov, 1943 For the historian, see Andrey Nikolayevich Sakharov. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... Early detection of chemical agents Sociopolitical climate of chemical warfare While the study of chemicals and their military uses was widespread in China, the use of toxic materials has historically been viewed with mixed emotions and some disdain in the West (especially when the enemy were doing it). ... Biological warfare, also known as germ warfare, is the use of any organism (bacteria, virus or other disease_causing organism) or toxin found in nature, as a weapon of war. ...


Following Cohen's lead, Norman Podhoretz wrote an article for Commentary magazine titled, "How to win World War IV" (Norman Podhoretz) in February, 2002. Podhoretz was not as certain as Cohen about specific tactics: "Yet whether or not Iraq becomes the second front in the war against terrorism, one thing is certain: there can be no victory in this war if it ends with Saddam Hussein still in power." He agrees fully with Cohen's overall thesis, though: "In my opinion, by raising the possibility of a transformation of the Middle East, Cohen cuts to the heart of the matter. The real enemy in this war, Cohen argues -- as Daniel Pipes has also so persistently and authoritatively done at greater length -- is not the generalized abstraction 'terrorism,' but rather 'militant Islam.'" Norman Podhoretz (b. ... // Commentary, a monthly magazine founded by the American Jewish Committee in 1945, bills itself as Americas premier monthly magazine of opinion. ... Norman Podhoretz (b. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... Daniel Pipes in Copenhagen Daniel Pipes (born September 9, 1949) is a American historian and counter-terrorism analyst who specializes in the Middle East. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


A documentary film titled "World War IV" was released in 2007 by former Governor George Bush's Governor's Circle member, Don A Craven Jr. The film is a conservative critique of the strategic wisdom of the US invasion of Iraq in 2003, and suggests that the war could escalate, and historically be viewed as the opening salvo of "World War IV", rather than stabliizing the region--a principal cassus belli justifying the invasion.


Another faction of conservatives, led by Newt Gingrich, do not consider the Cold War a world war, preferring to call the War on Terrorism the third world war rather than the fourth. A nuclear holocaust is often associated with World War III For other uses, see World War III (disambiguation). ...


References

  1. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary entry for World War
  2. ^ "The Yale Book of Quotations" (2006) Yale University Press, edited by Fred R. Shapiro
  3. ^ "The Yale Book of Quotations" (2006) Yale University Press, edited by Fred R. Shapiro
  4. ^ "War Machines", Time, June 12, 1939.
  5. ^ How Einstein changed culture. MSNBC (2005-04-18).
  6. ^ ISBN 978-0688092184

Yale University Press is a book publisher founded in 1908. ... Yale University Press is a book publisher founded in 1908. ... MSNBC, a combination of MSN and NBC, is a 24-hour cable news channel in the United States and Canada, and a news website. ...

See also

World War I (originally known as The Great War before World War II) was at the time and in the years just after described as the war to end all wars (or, in the jargon of the French Poilus: la der des ders, i. ...

External links

  • Transcript of PNAC members James Woolsey, William Bennet, and Paul Bremer discussing fellow PNAC-member Elliot Cohen's WWII and WWIV terminology as used by PNAC and people in positions of influence and power in the USA
  • The Project for the New American Century, many of whose members are in positions of power and influence in the USA
  • This is the Fourth World War, an interview with philosopher Jean Baudrillard
  • “World War IV: How It Started, What It Means, and Why We Have to Win” by Norman Podhoretz in Commentary magazine, September 2004
  • Understanding World War 4 and the War of Terror
  • The Fourth World War (movie)
  • World War 4 Report (website)

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World War I - MSN Encarta (1333 words)
World War I, military conflict, from August 1914 to November 1918, that involved many of the countries of Europe as well as the United States and other nations throughout the world.
World War I was one of the most violent and destructive wars in European history.
The immediate cause of the war was the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, by a Serbian nationalist.
World War I - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (10350 words)
Some war memorials date the end of the war as being when the Versailles treaty was signed in 1919; by contrast, most commemorations of the war’s end concentrate on the armistice of November 11, 1918.
With World War I in progress, the Turks accused the (Christian) Armenians as liable to ally with Russia, and used it as a pretext to deal with the entire Armenian population as an enemy within their empire.
During the war, the Haber process of nitrogen fixation was employed to provide the German forces with a continuing supply of powder for the ongoing conflict in the face of British naval control over the trade routes for naturally occurring nitrates.
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